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Close couched on the beaver, seemed to throw
From flaming mouth bright sparkles fiery red,
That sudden horror to faint hearts did show :
And scaly tail was stretched adown his back full low.
Upon the top of all his lofty crest
A bunch of hairs discolor'd diversely,
With sprinkled pearl, and gold full richly dressed,
Did shake and seem to dance for jollity,
Like to an almond tree, ymounted high
On top of green Selinis all alone,
With blossoms brave bedecked daintily ;
Whose tender locks do tremble every one,
At every little breath, that under heaven is blown.
Whoso in pomp of proud estate (quoth she)
Does swim, and bathes himself in courtly blisk,
Shall waste his days in dark obscurity,
And in oblivion ever buried is :
Where ease abounds it's eath to do amiss;
But who his limbs with labours, and his mind
Behaves with cares, cannot so easy miss.
Abroad in arms, at home în studious kind,
Who seeks with painful toil shall honor soonest find.
In woods, in waves, in wars she wonts to dwell,
And will be found with peril and with pain ;
Nor can the man that moulds in idle cell
Unto her happy mansion attain;
Before her gate high God did sweat ordain,
And wakeful watches ever to abide :
But easy is the way,
To pleasure's palace; it may soon be spied,
And day and night her doors to all stand open wide.
MERCY LEADS THE KNIGHT FROM THE HOLY HOSPITAL TO
THE MOUNT OF HEAVENLY CONTEMPLATION.
THERE she awhile him stays, himself to rest,
That to the rest more able he might be ;
During which time, in every good behest,
And godly work of alms and charity,
She him instructed with great industry.
Shortly therein so perfect he became,
That, from the first unto the last degree,
His mortal lise he learned had to frame,
In holy righteousness, without rebuke or blame.
Thence forward by that painful way they pass
Forth to an hill, that was both steep and high ;
On top whereof a sacred chapel was,
And eke a little hermitage thereby,
Wherein an aged holy man did lie,
That day and night said his devotion,
Ne other worldly business did apply ;
His name was Heavenly Contemplation ;
Of God and goodness was his meditation.
Great grace that old, old man to him given had,
For God he often saw from Heaven's height:
All were his earthly eien both blunt and bad,
And through great age had lost their kindly sight,
Yet wondrous quick and persaunt was his spright,
As eagle's eye, that can behold the sun.
That hill they scale with all their power and might,
That his frail limbs, nigh weary and fordone,
Gan fail ; but by her help the top at last he won.
There they do find that godly aged sire,
With snowy locks adown his shoulders shed;
As hoary frost with spangles doth attire
The mossy branches of an oak half dead.
Each bone might through his body well be red
And every sinew seen, through his long fast;
For nought he cared his carcass long unfed ;
His mind was full of spiritual repast,
And pined his flesh to keep his body low and chaste.
Who, when these two approaching he espied,
At their first presence grew aggrieved sore,
That forced him lay his heavenly thoughts aside ;
And had he not that dame respected more,
Whom highly he did reverence and adore,
He would not once have moved for the knight.
They him saluted, standing far afore;
Who, well them greeting, humbly did requite,
And asked to what end they clomb that tedious height?
What end,' quoth she, 'should cause us take such pain,
But that same end, which every living wight
Should make his mark, high Heaven to attain?
Is not from hence the way, that leadeth right
To that most glorious house, that glistreth bright
With burning stars and ever-living fire,
Whereof the keys are to thy hand
By wise Fidelia ? She doth thee require
To show it to this Knight, according his desire.'
* Thrice happy man,' said then the father grave,
• Whose staggering steps thy steady hand doth lead,
And shows the way his sinful soul to save!
Who better can the way to heaven aread,
Than thou thyself, that was both born and bred
In heavenly throne, where thousand angels shine ?
Thou doest the prayers of the righteous seed
Present before the majesty divine,
And his avenging wrath to clemency incline.
Yet since thou bidst, thy pleasure shall be done.
thou man of earth, and see the way,
That never yet was seen of Faries' son ;
That never leads the traveller astray,
But, after labours long and sad delay,
Brings them to joyous rest and endless bliss.
But first thou must a season fast and pray,
Till from her bands the spright assoiled is,
And have her strength recured from frail infirmities.'
That done, he leads him to the highest mount ;
Such one, as that same mighty man of God,
(That blood-red billows, like a walled front,
On either side disparted with his rod,
Till that his army dry-foot through them yod,)
Dwelt forty days upon; where, writ in stone,
With bloody letters by the hand of God,
The bitter doom of death and baleful moan
He did receive, whiles Aashing fire around him shone.
Or like that sacred hill, whose head full high,
Adorned with fruitful olives all around,
Is, as it were for endless memory
Of that dear Lord, who oft thereon was found,
Forever with a flowering girlond crown'd:
Or like that famous mount, that is for ay
Through famous poets' verse each where renowned,
On which the thrice three learned ladies play,
Their heavenly notes, and make full many a lovely lay.
From thence far off he unto him did show
A little path, that was both steep and long,
Which to a goodly city led his view ;.
Whose walls and towers were builded high and strong,
Of pearl and precious stone, that earthly tongue
Cannot describe, nor wit of man can tell ;
Too high a ditty for my simple song !
The city of the Great King hight it well,
Wherein eternal peace and happiness doth dwell.
As he thereon stood gazing, he night see
The blessed angels to and fro descend,
From highest Heaven in gladsome company,
And with great joy into that city wend,
As commonly as friend does with his friend ;
Whereat he wondered much, and gan enquire,
What stately building durst so high extend
Her lofty towers into the starry sphere,
And what unknowen nation there empeopled were.
Born 1564-Died 1617.
SHAKSPEARE's father was a dealer in wool at Stratford upon Avon. With a family of ten children he was able to give his eldest son, the poet, only a limited education. Shakspeare was early taken from the free school at which he had been placed, and marrying very young, followed the same occupation with his father. He continued for some time in his native village, till, having engaged with his young associates in robbing the park of a neighbouring baronet, he was prosecuted for this misdemeanor, and wrote in revenge a satirical ballad upon his prosecutor. This piece, probably his first attempt in poetry, was so bitter, that the prosecution was renewed against him, and he was compelled to fly from his business and family, and shelter himself in London.
Here commenced his acquaintance with the stage, both as a writer and an actor. In the latter character, his highest performance is said to hay been the part of the Ghost in his own Hamlet. He was favored by Queen Elizabeth, and generously patronized by the Earl of Southampton, who, it is related, presented him at one time with a thousand pounds.
The latter part of his life was spent in case, retirement, and plenty at his native Stratford, amidst the conversation of his friends and the society of the gentlemen in his neighbourhood. It was passed, however, without any additional effort of his genius, and perhaps, without any preparation for that future existence, in which his allotment was to be final and eternal.
Ben Jonson, his contemporary, thus characterizes him. “I loved the man, and do honor his memory, on this side idolatry, as much as any. He was, indeed, honest, and of an open and free nature: had an excellent fancy, brave notions and gentle expressions; wherein he flowed with that facility, that sometimes it was necessary he should be stopped. His wit was in his own power, would the rule of it had been so too. But he redeemed his vices with his virtues; there was ever more in him to be praised than pardoned.'
Shakspeare seems to have been totally unconscious of his own powers. He never wrote for display, but from the natural impulse of his genius, which was so unbounded, that he is placed by the common consent, not only of his own countrymen, but of foreign nations, at the head of all dramatic writers, and in many respects of all poets in the world. While in the developement of human character his skill is completely alone and unequalled, we can scarce name a single characteristic of exquisite poetry in all its varieties which his works do not somewhere exhibit in a striking degree. Dryden has pourtrayed the genius of Shakspeare in the following concise and admirable paragraph:
“To begin then with Shakspeare. He was the man who, of all modern, and perhaps all ancient poets, had the largest and most comprehensive soul. All the images of nature were still present to him; and he drew them, not laboriously, but luckily; when he describes anything you more than see it, you flel it too. Those, who accuse him to have wanted learning, give him the greater commendation: he was naturally learned; he needed not the spectacles of books to read nature; he looked inwards and found her there. I cannot say he is everywhere alike; were he so, I should do him injury to compare him with the greatest of mankind. He is many times flat, insipid ; his comic wit degenerating into clinches; his serious swelling into bombast. But he is always great, when some great occasion is presented to him; no man can say he ever had a fit subject for his wit, and did not then raise himself as high above the rest of poets,
Quantum lenta solent inter viburna cupressi.' * Of the moral tendency of Shakspeare's dramatic writings it is extremely difficult to speak with justice. Perhaps their general, predominating influence may with truth be called pure and elevated, and sometimes the whole drama is a continued burst of moral sublimity. Yet there are some entire plays, whose moral effect upon the mind of the reader must be positively injurious; and there are scenes and passages and sentences too often scattered through his most exquisitely poetical productions, of such a nature as to wound the refinement of the soul and disgust its healthy sensibilities. His works are therefore to be studied with very great caution and with much judgment in the selection. In their entire farm - they should never he put intò ile nands of children; but it gives pleasure to be able to state that the pupil may be referred with safety to Bowdler's Family Shakspeare,'
-an edition which retains all that is truly beautiful, while it excludes everything injurious in its tendency. * As the cypresses are wont to do among the slender shrubs.