Imagens das páginas

a Spanish Republic. The army is still faithful to ment of the late canvass, to weaken the influence the white is the panoply of the negro, but also in the Provisional authorities; but if it shall be- which a subject of so much gravity should exert the Border States? In West Virginia, in Miscome disaffected, it will be difficult to estimate the upon the public mind. Indeed, it strikes us to souri, in Tennessee, thousands of true and patrieffects of the anarchy which will follow. be peculiarly obligatory upon the press to repeat otic citizens are deprived of the ballot for no other

its denunciations of this great political crime, now crime than their abhorrence of the purposes and While a negro sits in the lobby of the House that it is,

the house that it is proposed to aggravate its enormity by tendencies of a reckless Jacobinism. No considof Representatives, and claims a seat upon its universal negro enfranchisement.

eration of public safety, no necessity of personal floor; while Mr. Drake demands that the ex. In assuming that a million of Southern whites protection, no political or social exigency can be pelled Africans shall be restored to their seats in

seats 10 are disfranchised, we have no desire to present an adduced in justification of the wrong. If disthe Georgia Legislature ; while Mr. Sumner pro: excessive estimate. Could the number be ascer- franchisement were deemed essential to Republiposes, by Act of Congress, to establish universal

tained with anything of official accuracy, we are can triumph, how long is it to be perpetrated manhood suffrage, including all races and colors

satisfied the justice of our conclusions would be now that success has been assured ? In other except the majority of the Southern whites—and

more than sustained. But, so far as the vio- words, how long are those who have been shackled while the Radical press is accumulating a new

lated principle of free government is involved, by the tyranny of usurpation to wear the chains budget of Ku-Klux outrages and instances of the

of the it matters nothing whether one-half or one-fourth of political degradation? Questions like these oppression of the blacks—we have brought to us of that on

to us of that number are excluded from all control over must be answered. They cannot be ignored. the detailed account of the utter lawlessness of

the internal affairs of the States, by which they They appear before the bar of power, both aplarge bands of Georgia negroes who have rendered

are taxed, and, practically, from all representation pealing and defiant-basing appeal upon the life and property unsafe in the neighborhood of in the National Congress. The fact that an

in the National Congress. The fact that any por- stubborn fact of perpetrated wrong—and resting Savannah. But the other day, a special police

tion of the Southern whites are deprived of suf-defiance upon that eternal principle of political force, organized for patrol duty on the outskirts

frage, unmasks the pretences of Republicanism right which proclaims that no tyranny-moral, of that city, was fired upon by armed negroes, its

its and exposes the hypocrisy of its professed devo- material or military-can indefinitely seal the lips leader immediately killed, and several of the mention to universal freedom and equality, with such of a million of Freemen in enforced and degraddangerously wounded. If this were the first act to

force, that more than one of its organs have sought ing silence. of organized sedition on the part of these negroes, to defend its demonstrated inconsistency. It is it might be regarded as exceptional. But the

scarcely necessary to expose the weakness of their THE PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE. efforts of the municipal authorities of Savannah

arguments. The plea, by confession, that but few On Wednesday, Mr. Johnson transmitted to to preserve peace and good order have been so

| actual disfranchisements have been effected by the Congress the last of his annual Messages. It is constantly required, and they have been attended,

| Fourteenth Amendment and the provisions of the not probable that, during the brief period of so frequently, with the loss of valuable lives, that

Reconstruction Acts, is already answered; the Executive service now remaining to him, he will the insecurity of persons and property in its

plea, by avoidance, that the disabilities imposed vicinage has become most precarious. Yet,

find occasion to communicate to the National by mongrel Conventions and Legislatures result amid the resolutions and propositions which have

Legislature any farther views upon questions of (only from the control which each State exercises public policy. Nor is it likely that any consideraflooded both Houses of Congress, we note none

over the question of suffrage, with which Congress looking to an inquiry into the efficacy of the Recon

tions, excepting those that may refer to the vincannot interfere, is based upon an insolent sup-dication of his own consistency, will induce him struction Laws to protect the whites of Georgia

pression of the one fact, that the imposition of from the encouraged brutality of their negro mas- these disabilities was suggested by those who di- sanction to such laws as may be enacted during

to oppose an impotent refusal of the Executive ters—for masters they are—when no power can rect the action of the Radical majority in Con- | the present session. be employed to repress their outrages without

gress—and of the other fact, that the Constitu-! It is not strange, therefore, that his last formal awakening the indignant denunciation of the

|tions which inflict them have received the formal and official performance of a duty imposed by the Radical papers, and furnishing a new theme for

sanction of Congress itself. the canting rhetoric of Congressional Mrs. Jel

Constitution, should be made the occasion of a labys.

Why the North, at the conclusion of the war, | reiteration of his own views upon those questions

— demanded that large classes of Southern citizens which relate so directly to the political condition DISFRANCHISEMENT. should be deprived of political rights, is easily of the country; or that, although overruled by By Constitutional provisions and amendments, explained. Timidity and apprehension were the Congress, and deprived of the legitimate influ the operation of registry laws, and the imposition counsellors of the hour. The dead lion of South-ence of his position in their solution, he should of test-oaths, a large number of American citi- ern resistance still inspired a terror in the North-again declare the grounds upon which his official zens are disfranchised. It is stated, upon author-ern mind-which could not be reassured until the action was based, and appeal to the demonstraity which we have every reason to accept as captive South lay bound and manacled at the feet tions of actual experience to sustain the justice authentic, that in three States Missouri, Texas of its conquerers. But months and years have of his own conclusions. Whatever response to and Tennessee—at least a quarter of a million of passed since then. Many changes have been this appeal may be made by warped and partisan voters are excluded from the polls, upon the false wrought, alike in the purposes of the victors, contemporaneous criticism, we hazard little in aspretence of their disloyalty. In Virginia and the and the sentiments of the vanquished. Were a suming that the calm judgment of posterity will Carolinas a hundred and fifty thousand more may proclamation of pardon to be uttered now, as the vindicate the wisdom of Mr. Johnson's policy be added to the number. While in the remain- first declaration of amnesty, after the termination upon the vital question of Southern Reconstrueing States an estimate of the victims of Radical of civil strife, it would scarcely be degraded by tion. Indeed, the following quotation from the proscription will increase the entire aggregate to invidious exceptions and conditions. The worse Message presents it in such broad contrast with more than one million of Southern whites who than judicial murder which was perpetrated by a the ultra and vindictive ideas upon which the are denied any participation in the administration bloody and irresponsible military commission, whole theory of the opposing policy of Reconof the governments under which they live. We would scarcely now receive the sanction of Execu-struction rests, that it might be accepted as the have little hope that any appeal, based upon this tive approval. Nor would Executive clemency calm and impartial language of future history: stupendous outrage, can yet be addressed, with now dare to insult humanity by unworthily shrink-. "The attempt to place the white population under effect, to those who rather indicate a purpose to sing from those agonized appeals, which invoked impaired, if not destroyed, th inflict additional wrong upon a helpless minority, its interposition between the life of an innocent

distrust has engendered a feeling of animosity which, than to remove the disabilities which already de- woman and the most fearful of human dooms.

has prevented that co-operation between the two grade and oppress them. But there is logic in a Why, then, is it, that the prohibition of sufgreat fact like this, which must, sooner or later, frage—designed originally, according to its apolassert the force of its own demonstrations. We ogists, to be only temporary—is continued, not| would, therefore, neglect an obvious duty, did we only in the Southern States, where, to use the grave apprehensions of troubles which might again permit the lull which has succeeded the excite-Icant argument of Radicalism, the proscription of been injuriously affected by the dérangement of busi

the domination of persons of color in the South has impaired, if not destroyed, the kindly relations that had previously existed between them; and mutual

leading in some instances to collision and bloodshed,

races so essential to the success of industrial enterprises in the Southern States. Nor have the inhabitants of those States alone suffered from the disturbed condition of affairs growing out of these Congressional enactments. The entire Union has been agitated by

involve the peace of the nation: its interests have

throughout that portion of the country.

American rights, under whose wise and salutary pro

ness and labor, and the consequent want of prosperity and political, are disappearing. Sydney Smith the extent of republishing, as does our New York

“The Federal Constitution-the Magna Charta of thought that woman's unfitness for military duty contemporary, the names of ladies connected with visions we have successfully conducted all our domes- I was an insuperable argument against any claim the Club as officers or members. According to tic and foreign affairs, sustained ourselves in peace on her part to participate in the privileges and the correspondent of the Springfield Republican, and in war, and become a great nation among the powers of the earth-must assuredly be now adequate burdens of government, and humorously sug- the Club has 118 members and 17 associate memto the settlement of questions growing out of the civil war waged alone for its vindication. This great fact gested a variety of inconveniences to which her bers. The Club keeps—we suppose with usual is made most manifest by the condition of the country when Congress assembled in the month of December, sex might subject a female Commander-in-Chief | feminine exactness-an account-book, from which 1865. Civil strife had ceased: the spirit of rebellion

or Captain of hussars. But the Paraguayan war it appears that “the receipts thus far have been had spent its entire force; in the Southern States the people had warmed into national life, and throughout seems to have demonstrated that this supposed $1,479; balance in the treasury $672." The Club, the whole country a healthy reaction in public sentiment had taken place. By the application of the physical impossibility was only imaginary, and moreover, has a President, Vice-Presidents, Secsimple yet effective provisions of the Constitution the Executive Department, with the voluntary aid of Colonel Bridget O'Reilly (if that's her name) retaries, a Treasurer, Board of Directors, and three the States, had brought the work of restoration as

itration as and her regiment of female soldiers have con- sub-committees—one on “Literature and Art"near completion as was within the scope of its authority, and the nation was encouraged by the prospect verted the fable of the Amazons into a living one on “Work”—and one on “Business.” The of an early and satisfactory adjustment of all its difficulties

fact. At the Holliday Street Theatre Madame duties of the two last named Committees relate "Congress, however, intervened, and refusing to perfect the work so nearly consummated, declined t

Senyah has proved conclusively that there is no exclusively to the internal administration of the admit members from the unrepresented States, adopted a series of measures which arrested the progress of

tes, adopt: reason why a woman may not be a sailor, and Club. As the institution is yet in its infancy, we restoration, frustrated all that had been so successfully climb to the mast-head or reef topsails with any suppose that other important Committees-as, accomplished, and, after three years of agitation and strife, has left the country farther from the attain man. Scores of medical diplomas are issued every for example, on “Housekeeping"-on the “Care ment of union and fraternal feeling than at the inception of the Congressional plan of reconstruction. Itly

't year to female graduates, dubbed Doctresses of and Management of Children "--and on the needs no argument to show that legislation which has Medicine: and the “Suppressed Sex," as the “Fashions,” are yet to be organized. Rome was produced such baneful consequences should be abrogated, or else made to conform to the genuine prin- Westminster Review entitled it in a recent article, not built in a day, and it does not do to expect ciples of Republican Government." What may be wanting in the summary here

is in a fair way to be suppressed no longer. Retoo much at once.

vising barristers in England have been puzzled to In one respect these Boston women are a model presented of the effects of reconstruction and its

parry the demands of female tax-payers to be for mankind. They have succeeded, according failure, bɔth in theory and practice, the details of

allowed to vote, and it required the twelve judges to their own report, in triumphing over one of each day more than supply. They are too fami

of Westminster Hall to determine in the negative the greatest infirmities of human nature. "The liar to need recital or example. They afford the facts and the testimony which, before the impar-li

Miss Becker's proposition that a woman is a man. Committees," it is said, “are happy to receive

This decision of the judges, however, was, of instruction, each in its own department, from tial tribunal of the future, will justify and sustain

course, a mere technicality—a quibble based upon their fellow members.” How few there are, men this arraignment by the President of those who have destroyed the sanctity of the Constitution

the careless wording of an Act of Parliament. or women, thus willing to be advised! What and sown the seeds of perpetual discord.

* The day cannot be distant when the anomaly will sweet humility—what touching docility implied It is not our purpose to present a summary of

f be no longer presented of a woman seated upon in this declaration on the part of the Committees, the Message. The questions of finance, the con

the throne of England, and no woman allowed to of their willingness to be taught, and by their

speak in Parliament-an assembly, the very legal fellows. An account of a business meeting of the dition of our Foreign Relations, and the various

designation of which, (from the French parler,) Club is given. It was held in the parlors of No. other subjects of comment or recommendation, are brought to the attention of Congress in the

equivalent to the “Big Talk" of our American 3 Tremont Place, and is described as "quite a usual and prescribed order. The statement that

Indians-suggests woman's most effective sphere desert of women, with here and there an oasis of "so direct a proceeding as a proposition for the

of action, and the exercise of her most formidable man.” How neatly expressed! A "desert of

1 privilege. In this country, Mr. Senator Wade, women"'-—"an oasis of man”-and how characannexation of the two republics of St. Domingo" would receive the consent of the people inter

in a speech delivered at Leavenworth City, more teristically humble withal! It is the reverse of ested," is a somewhat startling conclusion to a

than a year ago, predicted that the political en- the idea suggested by the poet Campbell :

| franchisement of woman would follow that of thel The world was sad--the garden was a wild; previous suggestion, "whether our recent and

And man the hermit sigh'd-till woman smiled. negro, and pledged his own services as a champion - But Campbell was a man, and it is to be prepresent example is not calculated to check the growth and expansion of free principles, and make

and pioneer in the movement. A Woman's ticket sumed that the

A Woman's ticket sumed that the correspondent of the Springfield

for the Presidency in 1872 is freely talked of, and those communities distrust, if not dread, a Gov

| Republican, who knows so much of the Ladies' * the Church Union, a religious hebdomadal, sup-1 Club, and looks upon man as an oasis in the desert ernment which, at will, consigns to military domi

posed to be edited by men, but sillier even than nation States that are integral parts of our Fed

of her life, is of the feminine gender. The ad[the usual run of religious newspapers, so-called, vantages and objects of the Club are fully set eral Union, and assumes to establish over a large

in a paragraph which we lately quoted, advocated portion of its people a rule more absolute, harsh

| forth. “On the first Monday of every month, a la fusion between the female and Christian inter-| literary entertainment will be provided at 7} and tyrannical, than any known to civilized pow

Vests in future political contests. ers." The recommendation of a former Message

o'clock. On the third Monday of every month is repeated, that the Constitution should be


But of all the movements which have been sets a discussion will take p

But of all the movements which have been set a discussion will take place on a subject previously amended so as to provide for the election of the on foot, calculated to obliterate the conventional announced, to be conducted by some person espePresident and Vice-President by a direct vote of distinctions between the sexes, the most effectual cially appointed to tha

direct vote of distinctions between the sexes, the most effectual cially appointed to that duty." We have heard of the people--for a distinct designation of the per- which we can imagine is one

heiner, which we can imagine is one of which we have young girls' literary soirées, or reading parties, at son to discharge the duties of the Chief Magis

| recently seen some notice in Northern journals which there is generally very little reading-a trate in case of the death and disability of both

the institution of Women's Clubs. A Boston let- great many talking-some supper and much the President and Vice-President-for the election ter

ter to the Springfield Republican, copied in a dancing. But, we suppose, old girls, and Boston of Senators of the United States by a direct pop

recent number of the New York Tmbune, con-girls, are more stable in their ways, and will not ular vote--and for a limitation to a neriod of tains an account of the organization and pros- be so easily diverted from the years, of the terms of Federal Judges.

pects of the “New England Woman's Club,” at tellectual improvement which this New England These propositions and some other features of:

No. 3 Tremont Place, Boston. Whether a club Woman's Club has in view. "Mr. Ralph Waldo the Message we may have occasion to make the 15 a

he is a public or private institution, we are not ex- Emerson and Henry James are upon the list, subjects of future notice—at present, we are forced actly prepared to say...

reed actly prepared to say. But this particular Club, among others, as having promised papers for these to pass them without comment.

desiring, doubtless, with true maternal and there- occasions." They were, we suppose, the green

fore womanly instinct, to be the parent of numer-spots at the business meeting alluded to. Another THE LADIES CLUB.

ous daughter-clubs, seems not to shrink from but "oasis” of a man whom we can safely recommend One by one the various little impediments that rather to court rotoriety. We have no hesita- to the members of a female Lyceum, and whose have been supposed to stand in the way of woman's tion, therefore, in commenting upon the informa- name we are surprised not to find "upon the list," admission to an absolute equality of rights, social ltion thus furnished to the public, though not tol is Mr. Charles Sumner.

The attractions of the Club do not stop here. Boston ladies regard whist as too frivolous for usual number of "old masters.” Many of these It is a regular Club, just like the Maryland or the them. If there are any young girls in the Club— pictures have done duty at previous exhibitions of Union, with all the conveniences. "The rooms do they play 'smut' or 'bezigue?' We advise the Society, and with nearly all of them we are are open day and evening for the use of the them to beware of old maid.' Men's clubs are

more or less familiar. Of these, therefore, mind.

ful of the respect due to "undoubted originals by members and associate members." We wonder not the best training-schools in the world for hus

great masters,'' we shall say nothing, but reserve whether any of the ladies' husbands come under | bands. There is a quiet, a comfort, a degree of our comments for those pictures that are either the latter category, or whether these intellectual independence about a well-managed club, that new or seen by us for the first time. We will only dames of Boston condescend to "associate” with doesn't predispose men to matrimony. But a remark, en passant, that whilo no master's name their husbands at all. The Club-house is open woman's ciub—what man in his senses would ever can make some of them pass current for good pic"day and evening,' a happy refuge from the think of choosing a wife from such a place ? tures, there are others whose merits require no such cares of housekeeping and the nursery—from the. Then, we are curious to know what kind of voucher. Among the latter we will only specify plague of servants and the bore of children. “A hours the members keep. There is a “usual

Nos. 3 (Interior of a Kitchen) and 45 (Scene in

Venice,) from the collection of Mr. Samuel W. clerk will be present constantly to answer ques- hour for closing " referred to in the paper before.

er Deore Smith; Nos. 14 (St. Sebastian) and 43 (a head of tions, take charge of parcels, and in other ways us, but that hour is not specified. Then, when Pope Innocent x. the contribute to the comfort of the members.” De- the Club-doors are closed, and no more late-comers Gilmor; Nos. 16 and 25, two family portraits by lightful-to be able to do a morning's, shopping, admitted, is the little knot sitting up within, Sir Thomas Lawrence, and 29 (a portrait of the and then drop in "at the Club" for a piece of and disposed to "make a night of it,” required Stadtholder Barneveldt); the latter now owned by cake, a glass of Maraschino, or Roman punch, to adjourn, or are they, as we have known to Mr. George B. Coale, but formerly, if we mistake with a clerk to take charge of “parcels.” If be permissible by the rules of other clubs, allowed

not, in the collection of the late Z. Collins Lee.

Passing, however, from this company of the there were only another officer added, whose duty the privileges of owls, and to sit up all night if a

nu ancients into more modern society, our attention it should be to take care of the members' children they choose, and not "go home till morning''?lis first arrested by 51 (A Rainy Night in Milan), -a secluded place or apartment of the Club—the That provision is made for the latter contingency, which is an exceedingly clever representation of Club-cellar, for example, where double doors we rather infer, from the otherwise somewhat the murky effect of rain and darkness-the latter should cut off all sound, and where the duties of superfluous announcement that “the lodgings and only relieved by the dimmed lastre of the street nurse and mother might be performed by proxy, I bath-rooms are for members only." Here, we lamps and the light gleaming from shop-windows, all at the Club expense, and as one of the fruits have a practical system of divorce a mensa et

G. ef and reflected by the wet and sloppy parements.

The drawing and perspective in this picture are of associated enterprise, what happy women these thoro, inaugurated straightway. The wife may|

particularly good. A little further on, on the same New England matrons would be! There would not only dine out, but sleep out—at her club, if,

ner chub, 11, wall, we have one of the finest pictures in the Exbe but one discomfort remaining connected with in Boston phrase, “she have a mind to.” But hibition, No. 53 (The Little Image Boy,) the prothe idea of maternity-and even this burden of those who go home-what excuse do they make perty of the Hon. J. P. Kennedy. It is somethe sex, albeit imposed by Divine wrath, and as to their husbands for staying out late; or do they thing in the style of Murillo. The little Italian, old as the Garden of Eden-if numerous and require the latter to come for them, and stand his bare feet dusty and travel-stained, has fallen terrible statistics are to be believed-New Eng with overshoes and shawls and umbrella in the asleep, his head reclining upon his brittle ware, land is not behind modern France in the inven- hall below? Of course, we do not mean to imply

o not mean to imple one hand in his pocket, his whole attitude sugges

tive of sound sleep, earned by a fatiguing tramp. tion and application of means to avoid. that men's clubs necessarily or even usually pro

No. 56 is a happy representation of the chiar The Clerk is also Steward, or, we should say, mote dissipation of this kind, or that club-men

Kina, or that club-men oscuro effects of moonlight. It is entitleu "MoonStewardess. "She is prepared to furnish tea at|(we know nothing about club-women) are more light in Venice ;' is by J. T. Hennings, and is any time, and will provide hot oysters, chops or apt than other men to go to the bad. We know also from Mr. Kennedy's collection. No. 57 steaks at short notice.” How domestic we shall no reason why a Bishop may not belong to a club. (Leutze's Daughter,) by W. D. Washington, is a all be, and what a world of trouble will be saved, We have known a right reverend prelate or two, simple child-portrait, in the Düsseldorf mannerwhen husbands and wives universally dine, each and at least a score of parsons, who were emi- thoroughly life-like and natural-preferable to at his or her respective club, and nobody eats at nently clubable persons. The late learned and the more

The late learned and the more ambitious attempt by Sully, No. 58. home-except the servants! In fact, what need amiable Dean Milman, we saw it mentioned the

Nos. 60 (The Coming Storm) and 72 (The Vin.

tage,) should have had the same title, and may be for homes at all in such an advanced stage of civ- other day, was one of the ornaments as he was

advantageously compared. The first named is by ilization? The great German scholar Müller al- one of the most constant habitués of the Athen- J. M. Hart, the last by A. R. Veron. We deciways said that the institutions of Lycurgus were æum-one of the best of London clubs, no less dedly prefer the latter; the effect of the gathering the best the world had ever known. The New celebrated for its good cook, than its excellent storm-cloud is much finer and truer to naturs England theory, which merges the individual in library. But exceptional cases do exist—and are than in Hart's picture, in which blue predomithe State, and the State in the Nation, may well women better able than men to dispense with nates too much in the cloud-coloring. The grouppropose to swallow up private in public life. wholesome domestic restraints, and all the good ing and expression of the frightened cattle, howSo far we have sketched from published mate, influences of home and fireside? We should like ever, in the latter work are good. No. 82, a large

picture, "The Horse Market," by Otto Weber, rials the outlines of this latest Boston "institu- to be better advised upon this point, as well as

contains some capital drawing and grouping, and tion." We should like to know more about its upon sundry others we have suggested, before we 83 (Maternal Affection) which hangs hard by, is

corbind wo wonder whether the mem. recommend to our own fair countrywomen, who one of the gems, as it is certainly one of the favorbers ever sit with their hats on, in a semi-circle we trust have too much sense ever to surrender sites, in the collection. It is just possible that the around the fire, and cross- ell, their feet-and their true prerogatives for a share in those natur-remarkably lusty infant, who is tugging at the smoke solemnly, and still more solemnly talk-ally possessed by men-any imitation of the pre- maternal breast, may be a little out of proportion

rather too large-but we leave that point to better bonnets. We wonder whether habituées, critical cedent set them by their New England sisters.

judges. Undoubtedly, such an infant would be in the matter of tea and toast, ever growl at the

called "out West” a "perfect whale" of a child. Stewardess—and declare that "that last cup of tea! THE HISTORICAL SOCIETY'S ART

No. 86 (Coast of France,) by M. H. F. de Hass, wasn't fit for a body to drink”-that "it was per


may be contrasted for mode of treatment and col. fect slops”-that "the cooking is perfectly hor- The Seventh Exhibition of Paintings, under the oring of water with No. 181 (Beverly Beach,) by rid”-and that "the Directors ought to attend to auspices of the Maryland Historical Society, now Kensett, in the little room. Both are good-both it?" We wonder, too, what games are allowed, open at the Society's Rooms in the Athenæum, is true to nature-yet entirely unlike. No. 95 (Rainfor we take for granted that the idea of diversion altogether creditable. In saying so, of course we ing Cats and Dogs,) by W. H. Beard, is a humoris not wholly excluded. We have always thought

do not mean that all the pictures which cover the ous subject, treated with characteristic vigor and

walls of the two rooms devoted to the purposes of expression. There is positive savagery in the women too frivolous for whist. There have been

the Exhibition, are good, but that the collection, canine fight going on in the foreground-something few of the sex who have risen to the intellectual taken as a whole, is interesting and instructive, and spectral and weird-like in the descending animal altitude in this respect of Mrs. Sarah Battle, im- / well worth a visit from any lover of art. We shower; while the battered and distressed condimortalized by Lamb. But it may be that these have, upon the north wall of the larger room, the tion of some of the creatures that have fallen, ex

After se

ites commiseration. Nos. 98 (A New England heart, lay or cleric, a sentiment more than Platonic. profession, and the following year he removed to nterior,) by Eastman Johnson, and 104 (Lonely The work has decided merit. A young gentle-Bonn to study philology. 'He remained at Bonn

till 1850, when he returned to Berlin, continuing Days,) by E. Benson, are two specimens of genre- man, H. Bolton Jones, also a Baltimoreas, and

his studies partly at that university and partly at ainting, both cabinet size, that merit considera- who, a few years ago, was studying the elements that of Griefswald. Whilst at these universities ion. In the former the old woman sewing by the of drawing at the Maryland Institute, exhibits he appears to have studied a variety of subjects, rindow, through which we get an August glimpse three Landscapes, Nos. 80, 90 and 119, which give

but discursively rather than with reference to any

regular profession-for which both his poetical f summer out-of-doors, is excellent; so in the evidence both of progress and of promise. Other

vein and his thirst for observations of actual life ther is the attitude of the young girl, suggestive pictures there are, and by other artists, which of absolute weariness and solitude, while the out- merit mention, and against which we find pen

ile the ont Imerit mention and against which we find pen- allotted time in the Prussian army and occupying ook, through the window, is drear and autumnal. cilled marks of approbation on our catalogue.

the post of tutor in the family of a Pomeranian

nobleman, he went to Leipzig, in 1854, to devote Wother genre-picture, admirably done, with the Want of space forbids us to continue the inviting himself to general literature, and he afterwards xception of some defective drawing in the up-subject. We have said enough, we hope, to in- became a teacher (Privat Docent) of modern literfted right arm of the female figure, otherwise duce those of our readers who have a taste for Art, ature and æsthetics.

· His first romance, Clara Vere, was published in xcellent, is No. 134(A Lady Arranging Flowers,) and have not yet visited the Society's Rooms, to

y Arranging Flowers,) and have not yet visited the society's Rooms, to 1857, and in the following year a short romance, y Plassan. It is far better than the companion-avail themselves of the brief opportunity remain

Auf der Düne (On the Downs), appeared, and atviece by the same name and artist, numbered in ing before the Exhibition closes.

tracted considerable attention. In the six years he catalogue 112, and which is much less deserving

Spielhagen resided at Leipzig he wrote many f commendation. A similar criticism may be


critical essays for periodicals, translated a consid

erable number of French, English, and American iade with reference to the pair of pictures, Nos. | To-day-in accordance with previous announce- works--particularly of American poets-and pub16 (Expectation,) and 183 (Disappointment,) both ment-we begin the publication of a translation of lished there two more short romances, one of y W. Amberg. The former is far better than its the new Novel, HAMMER AND ANVIL, by Fried. Which, Koschen vom Hofe; a charming idyl, rapid.

Ily passed through four editions. In 1860 he went om panion-piece, and is, indeed, one of the best rich Spielhagen, which is now appearing as a to Hanoveru

deed, one of the best rich Spielhagen, which is now appearing as a to Hanover, where he married; and the following ictures in the room. The subject--a young girl serial in Germany. Our translation will be made year he removed to Berlin, where he has sincere agerly looking out through a half-open door or especially for this paper, and continued from week sided, displaying great activity in connection ate in a park-wall-the warm green and sunshine to week until the work is completed. That our

with a leading periodical, and as romance writer.

In 1861 his first large romance, Problematische een within contrasting finely with the deep shadow readers may know what to expect, and what Naturen, appeared, and at once established for

which rest both wall and figure-has some grounds we had for giving the preference to Spiel- the writer a great reputation. It was followed the ouvenir about it of Millais. l'hagen over any other contemporaneous writer of next year by a continuation, Durch Nacht zum

| Lichte (Through Night to Light). In 1864 another No. 126 (Gennessee Valley,) by Kensett, shows fiction, whose works we might have reproduced at

long romance, Die von Hohenstein, was published, 20w much can be done with materials apparently less cost and labor-we subjoin a brief account of and lastly, in the autumn of 1866, Reih' und Glied acking most of the elements of the picturesque. the author, and a critical estimate of his merits as (In the Ranks), a romance in six volumes. One-third earth, and two-thirds sky, the landscape a Novelist, taken from an article in the October

m an article in the October! The scenes of all Spielhagen's romances, with presents us with nothing more than an apparently number of the Westminster Review. The Review thi

the exception of his first, Ciara Vere, are laid in

Review. The Review | the Baltic provinces or islands, in the Prussian evel plain, in high cultivation, the distant back-warms into unwonted enthusiasm in its discussion capital, or on the Rhine. Clara Vere is an Enground veiled in haze, yet is undoubtedly one of of the claims of this latest and greatest of Ger-| lish tale which, though possessing psychological he best in the exhibition. "The Hunter's Story," man romance-writers, of whom, elsewhere, in the a

ewhere in the and poetical charms, is utterly un-English in tone

and character. With this exception all the ficNo. 130) by Seitz, is well-told: the air of the nar-course of the same article, it says: "As a delinea- tions of our author belong to the category of what ator, who has evidently something marvellous to tor of individual characters, many of them types the Germans call “Romances of the times." In ell; the rapt attention of his auditor, who hears of different classes of society ;, as a painter of the two last he has ventured on the hazardous he story for the first time; the indifference of the various situations, scenic and social, he appears to ground of the so-called "Tendency romance."

Yet we believe what may be called the purpose of ther, who has heard it before, and the quizzical, us unequalled by any other modern German writer the writer is not so much the result of a conscious ook of incredulity on the face of the landlord (we of fiction." Another critic, one of his own coun- desire to advocate particular political and social resume him to be, who stands by, and doesn't trymen, hardly less laudatory, says that "a psycho-theories, as the natural outflow of his own indi

viduality, and of the impressions made on his believe a word of it-are all vigorously and suc- logical historian of the future may turn to his

logical historian of the future may turn to his youthful mind in the revolutionary year of 1848, essfully rendered. All the details and accessories / works for valuable data on many aspects of social as well as in the reactionary period which foln this picture are carefully studied. No. 129 (A life in the present times."* His pages reflect the lowed. However warmly some of the characters Crooper in a Snow-Storm,) by Schreyer, is also a ideas and the manners of to-day. His pictures of in

day. His pictures of in the two last romances take up politico-social imple subject well handled. J. W. Casilear ex-society are German, of course, as are his descrip-lo

questions, and aim at revolutionary changes, yet d. J. W. Castlear ex-society are German, of course, as are his descrip- on the whole no injury is done to the old-fashzibits several pictures, not less than four of which tions of nature, drawn chiefly from the scenes with ioned moral that domestic virtues and a conscienNos. 114, 158, 161 and 171) are of Swiss Lakes; we which he is most familiar-the shores of the Baltic tious fulfilment of the nearest-lying duties are refer 114 and 171.

and the little islands that cluster about its coast.

post most conducive to the happiness of individuals and

the welfare of society in general. But the heroes Of our own home artists, of whose progress and He is a young man, comparatively-not yet forty, in many of Spielhagen's romances are not made of mprovement we find evidences in the rooms of the and in the prime, therefore, of intellectual vigor common stuff. They are very unusual natures, Oxhibition, John P. Key exhibits 105 (A Land- and power, and at an age when ambition still stim- gifted with more than the average of intellectual cape) and 155 (On the Cheat River.) Mr. Key's ulates to exertion. His previous works, as the

power, even for our intellectual age. A few have

even Titanic qualities-towering ambition, insatityle, which appears to have becn lately formed by | Westminster reviewer tells us, exhibit marked able cravings, and overwhelming passions, which tudies amid the grave mountain scenery of the signs of improvement at once steady and progres- bring them to a miserable end. That the heroes Alleghanies, is somewhat too sombre to be gener-/sive, and it may reasonably be inferred that the in romances--which have been styled the modern lly popular-yet no one familiar with the scenery present will be at least equal to any of his former

epics-should stand at least a foot higher than or

er dinary men, is but what we have a right to expect. n question can doubt his perfect fidelity to nature. productions. But to our extract-which gives all It can interest none but the most unrefined minds The view "On the Cheat River," (No. 155,) which the additional information the curious reader may to be occupied chiefly in works of fiction with las more brightness and warmth of tone, we pre- desire in regard to the man and what he has ac'er to 105, which, however, is itself, in the very complished, and as an introduction to what will tinsel. and talking in highflown fashion amidst

surroundings, or with stilted heroes cloihed in Joint of truthfulness to nature, of which we speak, be found elsewhere in our pages:

scenes of extravagant conception. In Spielhauperior in our judgment to No. 62 (Shawangunk! From biographical notices of Spielhagen in gan's heroes psychological truth is never violated. fountains,) by Gifford, which hangs just above it. German periodicals, we gather that he was born The principal personages in his romances live bePerhaps we are less familiar with the phase of na

Jin Magdeburg, in 1829, and is the son of a Prussian fore us and fix our interest. Their dispositions

| functionary of considerable rank (Regierungs- are not described, but impressed upon our minds ure represented in the latter picture. We also rath). His youth was passed in the romantic old in action. The plots of his romances, too, despite refer, of the two compositions of Mr. F. B. May-| town of Stralsund, to which his father was re- the great number of scenes and characters intror's which fell under our notice. his "Attic Phil. moved in 1835, and the scenery of that neighbor-duced, are nevertheless skilful, consistent, and sopher” (No. 98) to his “Artist” (No. 188.) Mr. to have become so deeply impressed on the open-ble co

hood, and of the near lying island Rügen, appears artistic. He makes no extravagant use of improbaLayer's greatest want, it appears to us, is wanting mind of the boy, that he subsequently painted tenter-hooks of suspense whilst the intricacies of of imagination. He is too literal. Edward Van it with enthusiasm in several of his romances, a plot are unravelled. It was Schiller, we believe, Reuth, also of this city, contributes a pre-Raphael

Raphael His course of "gymnasial” education in Stralsund who called the romancist the balf brother of the

having been completed in 1847, he went in that poet. To Spielhagen's glowing descriptions of te study, No. 143 (Eloise and Abelard,) which is year to the University of Berlin, intending to nature, which are never tediously minute, and are n the cold hard manner of that school, except the study medicine. But his poetical nature soon invariably brought into harmony with, or made neeling figure of Eloise, which is admirably caused him to give up all thoughts of the medical to enhance by contrast the moods and actions of

his personages, a true poetical charm is given. In i natural a piece of WO-1 Bibliothek der Dentschen Klassiker Band wriv. I this respect they may be said to occupy a happy nanly flesh and blood as ever kindled in the human p. 683, &c. Hildburghausen.

position between the vague and shadowy pictures




es, nor




formerly met with in German romances, and the whip.' 'Oh, thank you.' Right hand for whippathy with our people, no regard for the welfare photographic realism or word-painting, so weari- and left for reins, like Byng? Or, left hand for of the State, and no interest in its future pros. some to readers of taste in many of our modern whip and right for reins, like Milburd? Or, both English novels. With a skilful hand, too, he in one hand, like Fridoline? Walking gently. As perity. paints the tender emotions and longings of the we go along, Milburd points out nice little fences, In this connection, it is proper for me to express heart, particularly in his female characters. which 'Your beast could hop over.'—Yes, by her- the confidence which we repose in Chief Justice Though the interest in his stories is generally well self. sustained, yet in many of them the dénouements Happy thought.-Like riding.

Chase. I am satisfied that the general sentiment

Fresh air exare sad, a foreboding of which, as the conse- hilarating. Shall buy a horse. N. B.-Shall buy | of the community recognizes, in him, the existquence of vices, errors, or weaknesses in the ac- a horse which will walk as fast as other horses;ence of those eminent traits we have been taught tors, too soon perhaps arises in the reader's mind. not jog. Irritating to jog. If I check him, he to consider essential to the character of an upright As in the Greek tragedies, an inexorable fate jerks his head, and hops. Fridoline calls him seems to pursue its victims, and but few of this showy, Wonder if, to a spectator, I'm showy! Nuage.

judge. I do not mean to rank him with Judge writer's romances can be put down when finished Passing by a village grocer's.

Marshall, nor do I attribute to him that more without feelings of pain mingling with admiration. Happy thought.-See myself in the window. than Roman purity which distinguished Judge of his power. But the comic elements, satire, wit, Not bad; but hardly 'showy.' Antigropelos | Taney. But estimating his course with reference and humor, are not wanting to afford amusement effective. to the reader. Apart from the national coloring! Happy thought.-If I stay long here, buy a to our anomalous social and political condition pertaining to his characters, their peculiar quali- saddle, and stirrups my own length. My weight, and the very distinct and antagonistic relations ties are shown to have little to do with external when he jogs, is too much on one stirrup.

which were held by him and the people of the circumstances. We see the hereditary influences Fridoline asks: 'Isn't this delightful?' I say,

South, toward that terrible struggle, which has of temperament and other organic conditions in-1 Charming.' Milburd talks of riding as a science. dicated; and in descriptions of bodily gestures, He says: The great thing in leaping is to keep

resulted so disastrously for them, it would be great and expressions of the countenance, much know your equilibrium.'

injustice were not full testimony borne to the uniledge of human nature, in its morbid as well as Happy thought.The pummel.”

form calmness, tolerance, and almost sympathy, healthy state, is displayed. But enough of general

with which he has approached the performance of observation on this author. We have before us numerous criticisms of his works in well-accredi

his judicial duties in our midst. J. C. Y. ted German periodicals, which could be cited in proof that we have not overestimated his powers


VERSY. generally acknowledged to occupy the foremost rank amongst modern writers of fiction; an opin

RICHMOND, December 7, 1868.

NEW YORK, December 8, 1868. ion, moreover, confirmed to some extent by the

MESSRS. EDITORS:-I intended to communicate TO THE EDITORS OF THE STATESMAN: publication of his romances in a collected form. to you the result of the application, made on be- In reading Mr. Bledsoe's rejoinder to Mr. Ste

half of the negro, Griffin, to be discharged from phens, I beg leave to say that I have not been very Reviews.

the custody of the Sheriff of Rockbridge, because favorably impressed by it. This rejoinder cerof the illegality of the tribunal by which he was tainly is not more remarkable for its candor and

sentenced to the Penitentiary in September last. lamenity than the review, or criticism, which ocHappy Thoughts. By F. C. Burnand. London:

*** In my letter of the 20th ultimo, I stated very casioned Mr. Stephens' reply. Bradbury, Evans & Co. 1868. Mr. Burnand, who is one of the most sprightly

briefly the grounds upon which his counsel rested The gist of this subjeet seems to me to lie in a

his petition, and added that the particular purpose very narrow compass; and, if understood and writers in Punch, and the author, we believe, of

to be accomplished, was not the release of a negro candidly dealt with, would relieve the ill-tempered that capital burlesque Chikkin Hazard, has doubt

criminal, but the vacation of a number of Vir-critic from so many mortal columns of words. less had a good many happy thoughts in his time,

ginia judgeships, that their places might be filled but few, of the kind, happier than this: to record

Mr. Bledsoe seems determined to hold Mr. Steby the hungry horde of carpet-baggers and scala-phens to some expressions clipped from his Milthe sudden notions that pop into one's mind in the

wags who have thus far been without reward or ledgeville speech, which was not only extemporalittle vexations and emergencies of daily life, and

recognition. As was anticipated, by those who neous, but under extraordinary excitement de weave them into a sort of story. The hero is pe

are at all familiar with the personal and official livered before a Convention just met for the purculiarly subject to these "happy thoughts," and

- character of the Judge who presides over the pose of carrying Georgia out of the Union; and rash in following them; and as he is singularly

United States District Court for Virginia, judg-l the speech was, therefore, necessarily, a special unlucky in getting into whimsical perplexities, his

ment has been rendered in favor of the petitioner. I plea against the object in view. Would even the adventures are decidedly amusing.

The immediate effect of this decision is to place at critic, Mr. Bledsoe, assume that Mr. Stephens, on Timid equestrians will sympathise with his first

| liberty a vile and dangerous outlaw. Beyond this, that occasion, and under such circumstances, was riding to cover : “Milburd wants to know if I'm going to be all

for the present, no consequences will result, be-lunder any obligation, moral or political, to furnish day. Fridoline's horse is restive; the other two cause the counsel for Judge herey have taken an the impassioned multi

wo cause the counsel for Judge Sheffey have taken an the impassioned multitude he was addressing with are restive. I wish they weren't. Mine wants to appeal to the Circuit Court. It would be a waste

erent: Mine wants to appeal to the Circuit Court. It would be a waste arguments in favor of their purpose? If he had be restive; if he goes on suddenly, I go off. of time and space were I to trouble you with the done so, I submit, he would not only have been

Happy thought.-If I do come a nasty cropper like Parsons, I hope I shall do it alone, or before

Igrounds of Judge Underwood's decision, which is linconsistent, but ridiculous. He was then dealios strangers only.

entirely harmless, because it will require the con- with policy, in its broadest sense, and not with the Happy thought.-The mane.

currence of the Chief Justice to give it power and History of the Right of Secession. I like being comfortable before I start. Stop effect. I will be pardoned, however, for adverting When, however, Mr. Stephens took up his pen one minute. Stirrup one hole higher up on the right. The whole-uncle, who is watching the to the anomaly in American Jurisprudence, which as a historian, circums start. . . . . says, 'Aren't those girths rather | reposes in a single Judge, without even ordinary The gigantic evils which his great mind bnd foreloose?' The groom sees it for the first time. He accomplishment as a lawyer, and certainly with-seen and measured, had befallen his country. begins tightening them. Horse doesn't like it.

out the dignity, experience and love of justice, Without upbraiding any man, without unkind re• Woo! poor fellow! good old man-I mean good old woman, then.' Horse puts back its ears and which should belong to one occupying even the flection upon any party, he has essayed to vinditries to make himself into a sort of arch. I don't humblest judicial position, the power to determine cate the Truth of History and the Right of Secesknow what happens when a horse puts back its that two-thirds of our State Courts are illegal tri-sion. His was a momentous task, requiring all ears, Happy thought. ---Ask Milburd.

bunals, that the Judges who preside over them are those eminent qualifications for which Mr. SteHe answers Kicks. Ah! I know what hap-disqualified and without authority, and that all phens, not less than any living man, is distiepens if he kicks. That would be the time for the their acts--whether relating to the determination guished. How he has acquitted himself of his nasty cropper. The expression will hang about.

hang about of civil issues or the punishment of criminal task, his friends and admirers are content to leave my memory. 'All right now?' Quite. Still wrong about the stirrups: one dangling, the other offences-are void, pretended and without force. I to the judgment of posterity.

S. J. A. lifting my knee up; but won't say anything more, Were it not for the delay which the right to apor Fridoline may think me a nuisance.

peal affords, we would to-day have the doors of ACADEMY OF MUSIC (SECOND CONCERT Two reins. Groom says she goes easy on the line snaffle.

-KELLOGG-ALIDA TOPP. Pulls a little at first; but you needn't

| the penitentiary thrown wide open and hundreds hold her.' I shall, though. Trotting. I am told, of the worst criminals cast back upon our society, ! We regret to say that the Second Concert of the is her great pace.' The reins are confused. One without the restraint of law or the apprehension Peabody Institute was far inferior to its predecess ought to be white, the other black, to distinguish of punishment to deter them from a rene

1sh of punishment to deter them from a repetition of sor. The Overture to Der Freischutz was suithem. Forget which fingers you put them in.: Musn't let groom see this.

their crimes. We would, moreover, in a majority ciently well performed; but the Orchestra execuHappy thought.-Take 'em up carelessly, any of our judicial circuits, have our court-houses ted very imperfectly Haydn's Symphony and how. Watch Byng.

closed-or, what would be a far more deplorable Rossini's Overture to Le Siege de Corinthe. And We are walking. My horse very quiet. Foot-otorno

*: alternative, behold the seats, long honored by on this occasion we must insist again on what we man runs after me. Idiot, to come up abruptly: enough to frighten any horse. If you're not on men of judicial dignity and uprightness, occupied have said before, and that is, that good musicians your guard, you come off so easily. 'Here's alby adventurers and recreants who have no sym-lought to be selected and paid so much by the year

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