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proceedings of the Convention which framed the stance he failed. Had his short-sighted policy far-seeing a "railroad statesman"--so exalted a Constitution, from the messages of former Presi- prevailed two years ago—had the Baltimore and public benefactor—the bold enterprising men who dents in the better days of the Republic, and from Ohio Railroad proved to be at this time in pos- are at the head of the New York and Pennsylvathe decisions of the Supreme Court. Whether session of the monopoly of railway travel in this nia Roads are quietly acting. While he is higthese arguments, or the constitutional scruples State, which the advocates of the Sherman bill gling and bargaining for terms—they close their which they were calculated to awaken in the represented to be the case—it is probable that no agreements and reap the fruit of them. Next to breasts of Senators, who had any regard to their amount of constitutional reasoning would have that spirit of personal dictation of which we have oaths, would have sufficed of themselves to de-availed to prevent the Bill from passing. In heretofore spoken in this paper, and which has · feat the Bill, is mere matter of conjecture. The point of fact, the question upon which Mr. Gar-made Mr. Garrett so universally unpopular among fact was that Senators generally did not feel the rett did air his polished and luminous rhetoric at railroad men, the most serious impediment to his same interest in the project as was felt by Mr. Washington, was the Bridge bill-regulating the success is the closeness-the narrow and contracted Sherman, its author. There was a local interest span of the new railroad bridges across the Ohio spirit—the penny-wise and pound-foolish policyin Washington which favored the scheme, and -his audience being the Committee on Roads and which characterise all his dealings with corporawhich was aptly described by Governor Bowie in Bridges.

tions and individuals. a recent letter to the editor of The Intelligencer, As the matter stands, therefore, Mr. Sherman as composed of "chronic corporators in all fran- and Mr. Garrett are both foiled. We shall have

THEATRICAL. chises granted by Congress." This was the little two roads to Washington, which is as it should During the past three weeks, The Black Crook pot that was kept boiling all last summer and fallbe--but no grant of corporate franchises within has held possession of the boards at the Holliday for the purpose of getting up a factitious excite- the States by Congressional enactment. One other

no other Street. Had it been properly preached against

and denounced in the public press, it might posment on the subject, and manufacturing, if pos- thing is needed to fill the measure of the public

M sibly have enjoyed a longer run. But being a sible, a bogus public opinion in favor of the Bill. requirements, and then, in the words of Mr. Sher-stri

| strictly decent exhibition, such as anybody might Some of the New York journals, The Times and man himself, as quoted by Mr. Whyte, “the State go to see without prejudice to his or her morals, Tribune in particular, struck out blindly in sup- of Maryland will have done all that any State can and which thousands of most respectable people port of the measure-evidently knowing nothing reasonably demand of it.” That measure is the did witness without being consciously injured or of the merits of the question, but actuated by a repeal of the capitation tax levied on the Wash-corrupted thereby, it has shared the fate of all general feeling of hostility toward the Baltimore ington branch of the Baltimore and Ohio Rail- / theatrical entertainments in this city-where the and Maryland interests, which were supposed to road. Mr. Whyte was as explicit in his condem- | number of play-goers is extremely, limited-and

after a successful season of eighteen nights is withbe adversely affected by the Bill. For all that, the nation of this tax as being "unfounded in justice

drawn to make room for other "novelties.” ToBill did not go through. On the contrary, it fell or policy,” as he was in the expression of his ni

mis night, therefore, is the last representation of the through. Perhaps, the ardor of its advocates hostility to railway monopolies. With two com- piece. It is due to the management to say that it would have been somewhat cooled had they been peting roads to Washington, and the removal of has been put upon the stage in a manner altogether aware of the fact that the through travel on such the tax-independently of the increased facilities creditable. The scenic effects were handsome and a road from New York to Washington would not for travel, and the greater spirit of accommoda-well-managed. Two scenes in particular, from have been worth $1,000,000 a year. They evi- tion which we may expect to see shown in the the pencil of Mr. C. S. Getz, deserve especial dently thought it was something immensely valu- matter of hours and arrangements for running

commendation--the "Lake of Silver," as it was

called, in the third act, and an "Architectural able, when in reality the profits of the roads which trains, etc.—the cost of travel from here to Wash

Scene'' in the fourth act. The effect in the former constitute the present line of railway communica- ington may easily be reduced from one dollar and

scene was simply produced, but none the less tion between Washington and New York, are de- fifty cents to one dollar. For a road of that clever and striking on that acccount, while the rived from the way and intermediate travel be- length, with the probable increase of population perspective in the second scene was really admiratween the numerous cities, towns and villages on along the route, the growing demand for suburban bly managed. Getz, by-the-way, has a reputation the route. Nor could any profit be realised from residences, and the consequent augmentation of in his line which extends beyond this city. Some carrying through freight in the face of the facili- way travel, two and a half cents per mile ought of the principal scenery at the “Tammany," reties existing for cheaper water carriage between to be a sufficiently remunerative rate.

cently opened in New York, was painted by him, the same points. So there was not as much milk! While upon this subject of Baltimore railway | perintend the preparation of the great Shakspearean

and we understand that he has been engaged to suin the cocoanut as the finders thought. Another communications and railway interests, it may not revival of The Tempest, which is to take place at damaging blow to the scheme, which probably be amiss to call attention to the combinations the Grand Opera House, formerly Pike's, early in proved its coup-de-grace, was dealt by Senator which are understood to have been recently effected the spring, and for which Mr. Tayleure, the manWhyte, when he brought to the attention of the by the Erie and Pennsylvania Roads with certain ager, is now making arrangements in Europe. Senate the actual franchise enjoyed by the Balti- Western lines for the extension of their arrange

rn lines for the extension of their arranged But to return to the Crook. The Ballet--which more and Potomac Railroad, of which Governor ments for through travel and traffic from Chicago,

is a prominent feature in the piece-differed from Bowie is President, for the construction of an in- St. Louis, New Orleans, and other points upon than usual-great credit being due in this respect

the Ballet generally only in being better performed dependent road from Baltimore to Washington. which Mr. Garrett has long been supposed "to to the Zavistowskis, Christine, Emmeline, and The Bil had been designed to break down an have had his eye." The most momentous, per- the youthful Alice and to Rigl, the graceful odious monopoly—that of the Baltimore and Ohio haps, of these, so far as Baltimore interests are Viennese danseuse. IIernandez Foster as DragonRailroad-and lo!--no monopoly existed. A letter concerned, is the arrangement just completed be- fin also performed his part admirably-exhibiting from Governor Bowie was read to the Senate, in tween the Pennsylvania Central and the Columbus, remarkable activity and flexibility in all his movewhich he stated that the new road will be in oper- Chicago and Indiana Central, by which the use of m ation by the 1st of January, 1870. the latter road has been secured as a through line

Apropos of the performance, the question sug

gests itself: are the theatrical exhibitions of the It has been stated in some of the papers that for business between Philadelphia and Chicago.

present day more or less immoral than those of Mr. Garrett threw his ponderous weight also into This is not the only instance in which Mr. Garrett the past or previous generations? The affirmative the scales against the Bill, in the shape of an ar- | has lately been signally outgeneralled. In this has been strongly maintained by some of the rev. gument before one of the Congressional Commit- case, the management of the Pennsylvania Cen- erend clergy and by a portion of the religious tees, on the subject. No doubt Mr. Garrett would tral succeeded, simply by superior promptness and press. In the late Pastoral Letter of the House of have done anything in his power to defeat the liberality. While Mr. Garrett is engaged in ex | Bishops of the Episcopal Church in the United measure, as he would do anything to crush out plaining to the people of Baltimore the magnifi

States, it was assumed as a proposition that did

not admit of controversy, and made the basis of a any other competition with his road; as, in fact, cent schemes he has in contemplation for the de

warning admonition to the laity. Language even he unsuccessfully attempted to do, both in Wash-velopment of their city and the promotion of its

much stronger and grounds more extreme have ington and at Annapolis, in the case of this very trade-his four tracks to the Ohio river, and his been taken by some of the Roman Catholic preBaltimore and Potomac Road. Mr. Garrett may bridge of boats across the Atlantic-and enjoying lates in their pastorals and sermons. The question congratulate himself that in this particular in-l the consideration and homage due to so great and is an important one-particularly, if we are cor

ents

rect in the view advanced in an article which ap- what the state of public morals and manners made one chiefly used by the English offices); and he peared in a former number of this paper, that the it. Dramatic managers and authors generally pro- the mathematical labors of various actuaries taste for theatrical entertainments is a growing duce what they think will please the public taste. among whom appear prominently the English one, and that the need of such a means of relaxa- The true way, therefore, to reform the stage, is to names of Morgan, Baily, Jones and others the tion and diversion, is felt proportionably as our reform society. In Addison's day, the ballet had calculations of the cost of Life Assurance, though ordinary daily life becomes more and more labor- not been introduced-at least had not risen into based upon what bear the paradoxical sounding ious and prosaic. Facts to prove the correctness importance. It will be a curious fact for our mod- name of the "Laws of Chance," have been reof that view, if challenged, can easily be pro-ern Puritans to find the gentle and moral Spectator duced to that certainty and precision by which duced. Leaving the case of New York, London, commending highly the dancing of Mrs. Bicknell, the exact sciences are distinguished. For it has and Paris out of the question-in Russia, it has a young actress at Covent Garden--and contending been found in this, as in other things, that while been lately determined to establish throughout the for the propriety of having all actors and actresses there is nothing which so utterly baffles conjecture empire, at the expense of the government, theatres taught to dance well, as furnishing not only an as the expectation of life in individual cases, yet upon a cheap scale, as a means of instructing and additional feature of entertainment, but opening a when the observations are extended over a great elevating, as well as amusing, the peasantry and new field for the exercise of the dramatic art. Upon many cases for a course of years, the rates of mor. working classes. It is but a short while since we the whole, we conclude, that if there has been any tality at the various ages of human life may be read in a foreign paper, an account of the opening change in our day from the style of theatrical reduced to a tabular statement, with the confident of an Israelitish theatre in Warsaw, in which the amusements preferred by our ancestors, it has been, expectation, which experience has proved to be plays, founded upon Scriptural or Hebrew history, so far as the moral character and tendencies of the just, that as things have been, so they will conare performed exclusively by actors of that na- Stage are concerned, a change for the better. It tinue-that the operations of nature are even in tion-the female characters being sustained by is in fact a marked characteristic of the age in this case uniform. In fact, a system of mathemen, the rules of their faith forbidding women to which we live-not that men and women are neces- matics has grown up belonging essentially to this take part in such exhibitions. The great Rachel, sarily more virtuous--but that there is more of that class of business, and the various works which we suppose, when she became a great actress, homage which Vice pays to Virtue, when it seeks have appeared on the subject are such as, in the ceased to be a very orthodox Jewess.

to veil indelicacy under the robe of decency. We words of the Superintendent of the Insurance DeBut once more to return to the thread of our re- may not be more honest than our ancestors, but partment of the State of New York, "will richly marks, which threaten to become somewhat dis- we are more decent. In this improvement in man- repay the general reader as well as the careful and cursive: is the stage of our day better or worse ners and who shall say that the cause of morality scientific student of life insurance." So systematic than that which it has superseded? If we venture is not promoted thereby?-the Stage has kept pace have the operations now become in this business, to differ from the high ecclesiastical authority with the advance of Society. It would be expect that if we view its condition as it stands to-day, we have quoted-it is because, perhaps, we are ing too much to require that it should outrun it, there can perhaps be found nothing in the mercat conscious of the possession of more direct and and so usurp the province of the Pulpit.

tile community more safe and substantial than & personal knowledge upon the subject than usu-l We cannot close this article without mentioning carefully managed life insurance office. ally falls to the lot of Archbishops and Bish- that next week two young actresses make their ! The prejudices, too, with which Life Insurance ops. We are sure that there is nothing on appearance at the Holliday Street, who have some had for a long time to contend, seem now to be the modern stage which approaches in gross-claims upon the favor of the Baltimore public. overcome, and men appreciate the advantages and ness the indecencies of the old Greek Comedy, a Misses Blanche and Ella Chapman-both very importance of a system by which they are enabled certain acquaintance with which used to form part, young-comparative novices in the dramatic art, to make provision for those dependent upon them, if it does not now, of the classical curriculum of a have already, we understand, made a highly favor- when their own labors shall have been brought to theological student. It is difficult to imagine a able impression by their performances elsewhere. their final close. This is a subject which comDoctor Sanctæ Theologice examining a young man They may be said to have been born in the profes-mends itself not only to those who are engaged in upon the Clouds of Aristophanes or the Sixth Sa- sion, and to have inherited a natural aptitude as professional, military or naval life-whose incomes tire of Juvenal, and then recoiling from the sup-well as taste for the stage. Old play-goers will depend upon their personal abilities and exertions, posed indecency of the Black Crook or the White remember their father and grandfather, Chapman, and therefore terminate with their lives—but also to Fawn. We remember how, in the comedy of the the former at one time stage-manager of the Hol- all who are employed in manufactures and comClouds, the Athenian dramatist vindicates himself liday Street Theatre, and their maternal grand-mercial pursuits, who may thus provide against the from the charge of licentiousness which had been mother, Mrs. Drake, who was in her day one of difficulties often incident to the settlement of the brought against him, by denying that he had ever the most popular tragediennes in the country-affairs of a mercantile house, the transactions of resorted to the vulgar practices of other play- perhaps, the best America has ever produced. which are abruptly brought to a close, and the writers for the purpose of raising a laugh-and The cleverness of these young ladies is said to be pecuniary embarrassments thus entailed upon their which he declares to have been common expedients chiefly shown in light comedy and burlesque char- families, which they had expected to leave in with them-practices of which we need only say acters; the pieces announced for their first appear- affluence. that they would not now be permitted in any civ-ance on Monday night being The Quiet Family, ! We are led to these observations by the fact that ilized country in the world, and which would in- and the fairy burlesque extravaganza of Cinderella. the whole system of Life Assurance, as it is unfallibly secure for the perpetrator anywhere an

derstood and practised in this country, has lately extended term in the common jail. And to come

LIFE ASSURANCE.

been made the subject of discussion in several of to days nearer our own;-the plays of Shakspeare Amid various branches of business which have the leading journals. The Round Table, a New and of Ben Jonson were written, be it remembered, of late years been developed with great rapidity, York paper of the same general character as The for stage representation, and were performed in the most striking example of a vigorous develop- Statesman, has contained two articles in which the presence of a “Virgin Queen," at a brilliant ment and growth is afforded by Life Assurance. the dangers of overdoing the business, and the epoch of English history. How many of those plays This business only took its rise in the latter half heedless, unreflecting sort of way in which many are there, in which passages do not occur the utter- of the last century, when the Equitable Society people rush into it, have been clearly and forcibly ance of which upon the stage no audience at this day of London was established, in 1762; for although pointed out. No objection, however, it appears to would tolerate? And if the inquirer would know annuities had been known for some time previous, us, can be properly taken to the system itself-only something of the English stage at a still later pe- and a table for computing them, based upon ob- to certain abuses which are connected with it, and riod-in the Augustan age of English literature-servations of mortality at Breslau, had been con- for which a remedy readily suggests itself. We we will not refer him to the original sources of in- structed by Dr. Halley so early as 1693, and the refer to the extravagant and often untrue stateformation, lest we ourselves be accused of pander- labors of such mathematicians as Demoivre had ments made in prospectuses and advertisements, ing to a corrupt taste: but let him read Macaulay's been employed upon this subject, the Equitable by rival companies, in regard to their own business essay on the “Comic Dramatists of the Restora- Society was the first to issue assurances upon lives, and that of their competitors, and to the falsetion''-on Congreve and on Wycherley, of whom the cost of which was calculated upon anything hoods told by agents and canvassers when they Macaulay says that "he was a worse Congreve," like scientific principles. The table of mortality are soliciting patronage. The remedy for this is whose grossness "protects him from criticism, as adopted by this company was that known as the for people who wish to insure to apply only to the skunk is protected against the hunters-too Northampton, constructed by Dr. Richard Price. agents who are gentlemen of worth and probity, filthy to handle-noisome even to approach." Let The mathematical calculations used at this time and to companies which are known to rest upon him read, too, the various papers in The Spectator, were, however, very imperfect, when the science a solid and safe foundation, and whose affairs are in which Addison describes the condition of the (for so it may be called) was in its infancy. But administered by men of integrity and capacity. stage in his day--the days of 'good Queen Anne." the attention of scientific men was soon attracted; Of the plans of organisation and practices of di Yet in either instance, we doubt whether the thea- other tables of mortality were prepared, (among ferent companies we may have occasion to speas tre was so much the agent of corruption, as it was them the "Carlisle Table," which to this day is the more hereafter. In the meantime, without insti. tuting any comparisons, or departing from the positions, more sympathy with Schumann than ever the stock respectively contributed by these general line in regard to such matters which it is Raff; but although sometimes very daring, we do literary co-partners-the result is as unique and the aim of this paper to pursue, we may be per- not find in him the same discords by which Schu-positive as the creation of an individual intellect. mitted to express gratification at the favorable ex- mann, in some cases, has injured his harmony. It is difficult to analyse the power of this romance. hibit made by a strictly Maryland enterprise-the If such comparison could ever be entirely true, We do not wonder that, in Paris, it has reached only company in the city, we believe, organised we would rank him in point of style between its twentieth edition; yet, one can scarcely say in and doing business under a Maryland charter- Mendelssohn and Schumann.

what its charm consists—where, in the woven web and controlled by directors who are our own. In reading the grand Quintett of Brahms, (Op. of fiction, are the threads which have bound it to townsmen-the "Maryland Life Insurance Com- 34,) for piano, two violins, violoncello and alto, we a high and permanent place in French literature. pany of Baltimore," whose annual statement ap- find that he aims rather to.carry away and im- It is true that it is, as claimed in the preface to pears in the papers of this week.

passion his hearers, than to charm them. His the latest edition, a national novel; that it repre

melody, however, is clear. A certain novelty in sents the grand era of the Empire; that it recalls ACADEMY OF MUSIC-OPENING OF THE the mould is most necessary. To write a Minuett/those great struggles which shook France from SECOND SESSION-THE GERMAN

in the style of Haydn or Mozart would be as ven centre to circumference; and that it arouses an COMPOSER BRAHMS.

turesome as to try to imitate a Scherzo of Beetho- emotion and pride which still slumber in many a The time has come when the pupils of the Acad- ven or Mendelssohn. Brahms alternates the martial heart. But it is not the subject, so much emy of Music have to renew their tickets for ad- measure and the measure in a free manner, as the execution, that is the basis of its popularity. mission to the different classes, and although to without, however, neglecting the regularity in. It is simple, concise and direct. The story is told some of them musical instruction may be a source dispensable to the logic of a great musical compo- as plainly and calmly as if it were the record of a of pleasure, they could hardly have relished the sition.

quiet, uneventful life, instead of a thrilling rojoke of the advertisement-reminding them that Brahms has written some variations for the mance. It has no plot; it is without "situations ;" they have to pay in advance-being inserted in piano on a Thema of Paganini, but only an emi- all in it, that is grand and romantic, is the reproThe Gazette under the heading of Amusements, nent performer could attempt to play them; his duction of history-in which historical characters with precedence, however, given to the Black variations for four hands on a Thema of Schu- and events are made to give reality to the career Crook and Duprez's Minstrels.

mann, are less difficult, and we can recommend of an humble and unwilling conscript. Joseph We hope that when the tickets shall be renewed them without any fear to everybody. Brahms' Bertha, a lame watchmaker's apprentice, with a -in order to show the progress made by the Acad-vocal compositions deserve to be studied, as the good and kind master, in love with his cousin emy in the estimation of the public-it will be most of them are beautiful. Unfortunately, they Catherine, in spite of his physical infirmity is taken stated how many pupils attended each branch of are all printed with German words, and until quite by the relentless conscription. He has no stomach tuition when the Academy was first opened, and recently no translation had been published. We for fight, is influenced by no delusive dreams how many attend it now after the commencement should recommend one Ave Maria, for four female of glory, is marched off and becomes — after of the Second Session. The rumors on this subject voices, (Op. 12,) with the liturgical text, and with all hope of exemption has died --a good, reliare so conflicting that the interests of the Academy an accompaniment of piano or orchestra without able, brave soldier. From Monsieur Goulden, require such publication. We will submit to Mr. brass instruments; and a full chorus, called Be. his master, he has learned something of the Southard some considerations in regard to the græbnissgesang, (Op. 13,) with an accompaniment true meaning of war. "At this moment, Jopupils' concerts, and we feel convinced that if he of piano or wind instruments, (oboes, clarionets, seph, there are four hundred thousand families will think on it, he will share our opinion. bassoons, horns, trombones, tuba and kettle-weeping in France; the grand army has perished

A concert every month is not only useless, but drums.) While the French Romance has lost its in the snows of Russia; all those stout young men we believe it is prejudicial precisely to those for first prestige, the German Lied, in the hands of whom for two months we saw passing our gates whose profit it has been established. It will be Schubert, and afterwards in those of Schumann, are buried beneath them. The news came this quite sufficient to have one concert at the end of has acquired a very high musical importance. afternoon. Oh! it is horrible! horrible!Thus the year, when the pupils of some classes should The twelve Lieder and songs written for a chorus spoke Monsieur Goulden-and as Joseph writesplay in presence of a jury, formed of musicians of female voices, in four parts, with an accom- "I was silent. Now I saw already that we must chosen outside of the Conservatory, to decide who paniment of piano ad libitum, (Op. h, in two have another conscription, as after all campaigns, may deserve the prizes that may be distributed. books,) are, although very simple, beautiful com- and this time the lame would probably be called.” One concert each month obliges several of the pu-positions, and deserve to be known everywhere. The anticipation was realised, and the limping appils to learn a piece for that occasion. Prepos- His book of Lieder and Romances, for one voice, prentice became a soldier of the Empire. We have sessed with the very natural wish to perform as (Op. 14,) is composed of popular ballads, and the not the space to follow his fortunes from the first well as possible, they devote all their time to prac- melody is, as required by the words, simple, fresh march through melting snow, when on the hilltising that particular piece, and neglect to pursue and unaffected. We shall name also to the lovers side he turned and saw his quiet home far beneath their exercises regularly and to study their other of fine melodies two books of Lieder and Gesænge, him, and would have stopped to gaze— but the lessons. On his part, and in spite of himself, the on verses of Platen and Daumer, (Op. 32,) and two squad marched on," and he had to keep pace with professor pays more attention to the pupils who books of Romances, with words taken from the them-on through retreats, advances and battles, have to play at the concerts, and we have heard of Magelone of Tieck, (Op. 33.)

'glorious to France'-until worn, wounded and some pupils complaining of the discrimination. We know how lovers of music are always anx. hopeless, he lay down to die amid the thunders of We believe, then, that after a first experience, it ious to know any new musical publications which Hanau. After all, there came again to him the would be wiser to suppress these monthly con- deserve notice, and on that respect we shall do our happiness of home, and "once more the sweet days certs. In the Conservatory of Paris there is but best, as we have done in the case of Raff and of youth returned-the days of love, of labor, and one concert at the end of the year, and even if the Brahms, to draw attention to all the modern vocal of peace." What that love and peace were, a number were greater, it would there be more and instrumental compositions of merit.

single extract will tell-"It was about six months easily understood, as all who attend its classes aim

NEMO. after, on the 15th of July, 1814, that Catherine and to appear on the stage as singers, or to become

I were married; Monsieur Goulden, who loved us public performers. What is the rule in Paris is

Reviews

as his own children, gave me half his business; only the exception in Baltimore, and we have no

and we lived together as happy as birds." And doubt that Mr. Southard and the public will per

so the story ends. ceive that we are right in asking that for the The Conscript : A Story of the French War of

A story of the French war op As we lay down the book, all the incidents of monthly concerts there should be substituted one 1813. By MM. Erckmann-Chatrian. Translated

anslated the conscript's career-the historical dramas in Concert at the end of the year, on which occasion from the Twentieth Paris Edition. New York: / which he played a part & there might be awarded prizes and medals. Charles Scribner & Co. 1869.

tle and retreat, of the hospital and the barrackOn the occasion on which we have spoken of Miss The Conscript is one of those joint productions remind us, for the thousandth time, how all the Alida Topp's beautiful performance on the piano, which are occasionally encountered in literature. events of human life are repeated everywhere and we thought it would be interesting to our readers It is a construction in which the genius of two in every age. We recall similar scenes, upon which to become more familiar with the German com- different authors is brought to bear upon the ac- time has yet thrown no mellow tints. Memory poser, Joachim Raff, for whose compositions Miss complishment of a single purpose. The judgment, brings them back in all their renlity-of glory, of Topp had undoubtedly a preference. We will to the taste, the invention and the power of two devotion, of privation and suffering. Hunger, day speak of another German composer, Brahms, minds are so admirably combined, that the reader misery, weariness and fever-strong men grown who, with Raff, has recently occupied to a great discovers no line traced by the hand of M. Erck- weak and faint--bold-hearts sinking into despairextent the attention of musicians, especially in mann--no coloring from the brush of M. Chatrian. the driving snow and the cold rain falling from a Germany. Brahms shows, evidently, in his com-1 Whatever may be the peculiarities of each-what-I pitiless gray sky-how all these outlines are filled up, until the picture is before us as if of yesterday.

HAMMER AND ANVIL. the prince, would not easily again occur. So I Yet why repeat the experiences of all generations

plucked up a heart and asked :the record of all histories? All these things have

A NOVEL,

'Does Fräulein Constance know how much she been and will be again. Endurance and fortitude

BY FRIEDRICH SPIELHAGEN.

has been insulted ?' do not always win their rewards. Such is fate- [Translated from the German for The Statesman.) "How? What do you mean?' he asked in return. and the conscript's simple tribute to France will

CHAPTER XII.

I told him what I had been speaking of with often be repeated by thousands to whom disaster The confidence with which Herr von Zehren had| Constance that morning; how little suspicion she and defeat will come in the future-"it is virtue looked forward to that evening, which at the very seemed to have of the outrage that had been and devotion which make the true glory of a peo-least was to repair his former ill fortune, was after offered her; that on the contrary she had expressly ple--not numbers or strength.”.

all a deceitfulone. It may be that an incident which told me that she had been betrothed to the Prince.

occurred just previously, deprived him of that that their predetermined union had been prevented Too True: A Story of To-Day. New York:

coolness which this evening he more than ever by Herr von Zehren's fault alone, and that she G. P. Putnam & Son.

needed. For on our way up from the beach, where had renounced freely and utterly all thought of It would not be fair criticism to speak in un

we had shot a brace of rabbits among the dunes, the possibility of their marriage. But the audacity qualified praise of this book. It has faults both in

as crossing the heath we drew near to Trantowitz, with which he had attempted to approach her, the its plan and its execution. It is an American

a cavalcade of ladies and gentlemen, attended by correspondence which had taken place between novel, with scenes laid in New York and a group

a couple of liveried servants, came galloping by. I them, I kept to myself, feeling that this would of country houses upon the Hudson-and yet its

My attention was entirely attracted by a slender only awaken anew the wrath of the Wild Zehren, few dramatic situations are entirely dependent

young man riding a superb English horse, who, at and render him deaf to all reason. upon a foreigner-a character impossible in our

the moment he passed me, was leaning over to one! But it was all to no purpose. He listened to me own society, and, we lancy, without a parallel in of the ladies with a charming smile on his pale with every sign of impatience, and when I paused European life at this day. Having said this much,

face on which a downy mustache just darkened the for breath in my eagerness, he broke out:all we have to add is commendation. The pictures

upper lip. The lady gave her horse a sudden cut! “Does she say that? What will she not say? of happy home life-the genuine and unforced

with the whip, and he shot on in advance. I gazed | And that too now, after I have told her not once, touches of humor-the skill with which the differ

for a moment after the company, and was turning but a hundred times, what was asked of me, how ent characters are brought together-the portrayal to Herr von Zebren with the question: "Who are my honor and my name were trampled in the of passion and feeling the exhibition of the high- they 2 when I checked myself in surprise at the mire! She will next asseverate that the Emperor est and truest traits of woman's nature-all give enres

ivelexpression of his countenance. We had just been of China has been a suitor for her hand and that it strong indications of strength and genius. Whether chattinen

chatting pleasantly together, and there now lay in is my fault that she is not now enthroned in Pethe story repeats the sad mystery of some real his looks an expression of the blackest wrath. and kin! Why not? Turandot is as pretty a part as household, or is merely the creation of fancy, it he had unslung his gun and half raised it to his Mary Stuart. Prepare yourself soon to see her exhibits an artistic power which commands the chou

shoulder, as if he would send a shot after the re- in Chinese attire.' attention of the reader to the last. It is tragic,

treating party. Then he flung it hastily over his! It was easy to perceive how little mirth lay in yet not sensational and although the plot is sim-1.

shoulder again, and walked a short distance silent these mocking words, and I did not venture to ple, one may lay aside far more pretentious books

at my side, until he suddenly broke out into the press further so painful a theme. We came, bewith far less consciousness of enjoyment. Noin-most furious execrations which I had never before sides, in a few minutes to Trantowitz, where Hans dication is given of the name of the author; and

heard from him, though he could be angry enough received us at the door with his good-natured we confess our inability to decide whether the

upon occasion. The hound!'he exclaimed, he laugh, and led us into his living-room, (which, gentle touch of a woman's hand may not be traced

dares to come here upon the soil that belongs to beside his chamber, was the sole habitable apartin some of the delineations of character. Few

my friend Trantow! And I stand quietly here ment in the great house,) where the other guests men can exhibit such sympathies with suffering

and do not drive a charge of shot through him! / were assembled. * real or imagined-as the book displays; yet there Do you know who that was. George? The villain' The evening passed like so many others. Play is a terseness and simplicity of style which rarely

who will one day be lord of a hundred manors began before supper, and was resumed after that is found among the best of female novelists.

which by right are all mine, whose ancestors were meal, during which the bottle had circulated Whatever the sex of the author-we risk nothing

my ancestors' vassals, and whose scoundrelly freely. I had resolved not to play, and could the by the prophecy that any future work of fiction

father came to me to tell me in my own apartment more easily keep this resolution, as all the rest, from the same hand will receive a warm welcome

that he desired to marry his son according to his with the exception of our host, whom nothing from the public.

rank, and that he trusted we could come to some could move from his accustomed equanimity, were

satisfactory arrangement. I clutched him by his entirely absorbed by the unusually high play, and NEW BOOKS RECEIVED. From Messrs. H. Taylor & Co.:

accursed throat and would have strangled him if had not time to pay any attention to me. Hard Cash: A Matter-of-Fact Romance. By Charles

others had not come between us. The thing has! So there I sat, in the recess of a window, at & Reade. Boston: Fields, Osgood & Co. 1869.

been gnawing at my heart, incessantly, ever since I little distance from the table, and watched the Foul Play. A Novel. By Charles Reade and Dion I heard that the villain was going about the neigh- company, whose behavior now, when I was not a Boucicault. Boston: Fields, Osgood & Co. 1869. borhood here. And now you know why Con-participant in it, seemed strange enough. The From the Publishers :

stance and I are upon so unfortunate a footing. I fiery eyes in the flushed faces, the silence only Gray's School and Field Book of Botany. By Asa Heaven knows what fancies she is nursing, and it broken by the monotonous phrases of the banker, Gray. New York: Ivison, Phinney, Blakeman & Co.I drives me mad to see that her thoughts still cling or a hoarse laugh or muttered curse from the plays 1869.

I to the miscreant who has offered her the grossesters; the avidity with which they poured down the Supplement to the Maryland Code. Baltimore: John

insult that man can offer to woman; who has tar- flasks of wine; the whole scene wrapped in a gray Murphy & Co. 1868. A Letter on the Financial Situation. Addressed to hished

nished my ancestral escutcheon, and should fight cloud of cigar-smoke which grew denser every Hon. Wm. Pinkney Whyte, by Francis B. Loney, of me to the death, but for -

moment;- it was far from a pleasant sight, and Baltimore. Pamphlet. Baltimore: Lucas Bros. 1869. He checked himself suddenly, and walked silent- strange confused painful thoughts whirled through

We are indebted to the Hon. Charles E. Phelps ly by my side, gnawing his lip. Not noticing the my weary brain, as I sat watching the fortunes of for Agricultural Report for 1867.

irregularities of the wretched road, he stumbled the play, and listening at intervals to the rustling

once or twice, and this stumbling, combined with of the night wind that bent the old poplars before AMUSEMENTS.

the expression of his face, in which the wrinkles the house, and drove a few rain-drops against the The Leiderkrantz Bal Masque, as heretofore an

deepened to furrows whenever he was under windows. Suddenly I was aroused from a half nounced, will take place on Monday evening next, at the Concordia. Tickets at McCaffrey's, 205 Baltimore

strong emotion, gave him the appearance of a doze by a loud uproar that broke out among the street.

broken old man consumed by impotent anger. I players. They sprang from their chairs and rochie The Davenport Brothers give their last exhibitions Never before had he appeared so much in need erated at each other with wild looks and threatenon Tuesday and Wednesday evenings, February 9th of help, so worthy of compassion, and never ing gestures; but the tumult subsided as quickly and 10th, at the Concordia. Tickets as above.

before had I pitied him so, or so yearned to as it had arisen, and they sat again bending in To-night will be the la

II be the last opportunity of witnessing assist him. At the same time I thought that so silence over their cards, and once more I listened the Black Crook. There will be a day performance

to the wind in the poplars and the dashing of the favorable an opportunity to clear up the misunthis afternoon. On Monday evening the Chapman Sisters commence their engagement at the Holliday

derstanding that evidently existed between father rain against the panes, until at last I fell asleep. Street Theatre. Seats can be secured at No. 7 Holliday and daughter in reference to their relations with A hand upon my shoulder aroused me. It was street.

Herr von Zehren. The first look at his pale face, Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year from which his eyes were flashing wildly, told to Constant Mayer's great painting, “Good Words," is 1868, in the Clerk's Office of the United States District now on exhibition at Fryer's, 206 West Baltimore St. I Court of Maryland.

I that he had been losing again, and he confirmed it as we walked back the short distance to Zehren- as the information has reached me in the line of my

"Goes with me.' dorf through the black tempestuous night. official duties.

"Take me in his place,' I asked imploringly. I know that notwithstanding your disobedience, 'It is all over with me,' he said ; 'my old luck you are incapable of a base action, and that therefore 'It cannot be,' he said, with his foot upon the

you are so far safe, even if those suspicions are true, has abandoned me; the sooner I blow out my

: step. which God forbid. Still I entreat you, if you have brains the better. To be sure, I have a week yet; any regard left for my peace, to leave the house of 'I entreat you,' I urged, holding him by the

Herr von Zehren at once. I add, what is scarcely neSylow, who is a good fellow, has given me so

e cloak.

cessary, that for the obedient son I shall be, what I much time. In a week perhaps all may be man- have always been, his strict but just father.'

'It cannot be,' he repeated : 'we have not a aged. I must see about it, I must see about it. I had read this letter twice through, and sat still minute to spare. Good night. Drive on!

He spoke more to himself than to me. Suddenly gazing at the writing, incapable of clear reflection, The wagen drove off; the dogs yelped and barked, be stopped, looked up at the black lowering clouds, when Herr von Zehren aroused me by asking :- and then all was still again. Old Christian hobthen walked on, muttering between his teeth: Well, George, and what have you there?' I bled across the yard with his lantern, and vanished

'I knew it, I knew it, as soon as I saw the vil- handed him both letters. He read them, paced into one of the old buildings; I stood alone before lain. It could not but bring me ill-luck: his ac- the room a while, and then stopping before me the house under the trees in which the wind roared. cursed face has always brought me misfortune. said:

The rain began to fall in torrents: shivering I reAnd now to have to see how they quaff the foam 'And what do you propose to do?'

turned to the house and carefully secured the door. from the beaker of life, while they leave us the 'The opportunity is a good one,' he went on, see- The light was still burning in Herr von Zehren's bitter dregs! And I cannot have revenge-cannoting that I hesitated to 'answer. 'I have a letter room; I went to get it and also my letters that take his life !!

from the Steuerrath which compels me to start were lying upon his table. As I took them I esWe had reached a clump of shrubbery near the for the town within the hour. I will take you with pied a paper on the floor, and picked it up to see house, but still forming a part of the park. The me; it is now twelve o'clock, and in three hours what it was. A few words were written upon it, darkness was yet deeper, but I perceived, just we can be there; you can ring up the old gentle- and I had read them before I thought what I was while Herr von Zehren was speaking these last man, sleep an hour or two in the garret of which doing. The words were these:words, not three steps from me, the figure of a man you have so often told me, thank God to-morrow If the affair you know of does not succeed, I am standing close to the trunk of a tree. The trunk morning that you are clear of the Wild Zehren, I ruined. It must succeed. The coast is clear. Be more

than ever careful not to be seen in the matter, Burn was of a light color, so that I could exactly distin-and-go back again to school.'

this at once.' guish its outline, and in this way I perceived the He spoke the last words with a slight contempt The paper was not signed, but I recognised the man, who standing there in the deepest shadow, which galled the most sensitive part in the heart of writing immediately; I had seen it often enough pressing himself so closely against the tree that he a young man, that of false pride.

in the documents on my father's table, and I could seemed to be a part of it, no doubt believed him-' I will go with you wherever you go!' I ex- at once have affixed the signature with its pretenself safe from detection. A shiver ran through claimed, starting up. I said so this morning, and tious von and formal flourish. me, for I recognised the figure: one bound, one I now repeat it. Tell me what I shall do.

This paper Herr von Zehren must have dropped grasp, and he would be in my hands--the man who Herr von Zehren again paced the room for a few while hastily thrusting it with the others into his dared to pursue Constance, who had offered so moments, and then paused before me and said in |pocket. deadly an insult to Herr von Zehren, upon whom an agitated voice:

| I looked at it again, and was once more trying the latter so deeply thirsted for revenge.

| 'Remain here; for a day or two at all events, to unriddle its enigmatical contents, when the What is the matter? Why do you stop ? asked until I return. You will do me a service.' candle, already burned to the socket, gave signs Herr von Zehren.

I looked at him interrogatively.

of going out. 'Burn this at once !'-it was as if "I stumbled over a stone,' I said, taking his arm 'If you return now, to-day,' he continued, 'that a voice had uttered this command close to my ear. and hurrying on, dragging him with me:

will only have the effect of confirming the rumors I held the paper in the dying flame; it blazed up, Is that any reason I should break my neck?' he of which your father writes. The rats are leaving the candle went out at the same moment, a glowsaid with a half-impatient laugh, pulling his arm the house, they will say, and justly. And just now ing scrap of tinder fluttered to my feet, and then from my grasp.

it is of importance to me that people shall say all around me was thickest darkness. I drew a long breath: the danger was over. In nothing, that as little attention as possible shall be I groped my way from the room, through the the mood in which Herr von Zehren then was, he directed to me. Do you understand, George?' dining-room to the hall, up the narrow stairway would have found a delight in shedding the blood 'No,' I answered: 'why now especially?

to my chamber, and after searching in vain for a of an enemy, and his own afterwards.

| I looked fixedly at him: he bore the scrutiny, match, threw myself dressed upon my bed. In the hall we were met as usual by the sleepless and after a while answered, speaking slowly and A terrible storm had arisen ; the wind raved old Christian. Letters had come by express : he in a low voice:

about the old pile, which shook to its foundations. had laid them on his master's writing-table.

'Ask no further, George. Perhaps I would tell The tiles rattled down from the roof; the rusted Come in,' said Herr von Zehren, and finish you if you could help me; - perhaps I would weathercocks groaned and creaked; the shutters your cigar while I see what they are about.' not. They say of me that I use men and then banged, and the third shutter to the right made

We entered. This one is for you, and so is throw them away when they can be of no further frantic efforts now or never to get loose from the this,' he said, handing me two of the letters from service to me. It may be so: I do not know that single hinge by which it had hung for years. The the table.

the most deserve any better treatment. With screech-owls in the crevices of the walls hooted The first letter was from my friend Arthur. It you, at all events, I would not thus deal, for I like dismally, and the dogs howled, while the gusts of read :

you. And now go to bed, and let the Wild Zehren wind dashed torrents of rain against the windows. You have not sent me the money I asked you for; play out the game. Perhaps he will break the It seemed as if the ancient mansion of Zehrenbut that is the way: when we have anythin friends may look out for themselves. I only w rite to

10 bank, and then I promise you it will be the last of dorf knew what fate was awaiting its possessors you now, in order through you to entreat my uncle to

and itself. do something to help papa. Our affairs must be in an awful state, for the merchant G.-you know whom I At this moment the carriage drove up: while And I, tossing sleeplessly upon my bed, or startmean-from whom I borrowed twenty-five, saw papa reading my father's letter, I had not heard the ing up in terror when my excited sense seemed to about it to-day, and I did not get the smallest scolding. Mamma howls all day long. I wish I was a order to old Christian to have the horses put to. distinguish amid the general uproar a voice calling thousand miles away.

wein Herr von Zehren looked through his papers, put for help, or a step hurrying toward my chamber, P. 8.-Papa has just come from Uncle Commerzienrath with a terribly long face. It is plain that the old some in his pocket, and locked others in his cabi- still kept racking my brain for some means to save Philistine will do nothing for us. I tell you Uncle Malte must help us, for we are in a terrible strait.'

net. Then old Christian helped him on with his the two so dear to me from the ruin which I had a

furred cloak, he put on his hat, and stepping up to presentiment was impending over them, whose The second letter was from my father.

coming the elements themselves seemed to an• My Son: In renouncing your filial obedience to me, offered me his hand. me, you compelled me to abandon all control over I had watched all his movements in a sort of nounce in thunder; and execrated my cowardice, you. I have vowed not to restore you to your place as my son, until you acknowledge your misconduct and sup

my indecision, my helplessness. entreat me to do so; and this vow I will keep. To the

It was a fearful night.
choice that you have made for yourself, I have offered
no opposition, have allowed you perfect freedom of

el 'No,' he replied, 'or only by waiting quietly
No, ne reputed, of only by waiting quietly! At length, towaram

At length, toward morning, the storm abated, action, for which you have always hankered, and am here until I return. Your hand is cold as ice: go and as it grew quiet without, I became calmer, resolved to do this for the future. But all this cannot prevent me from wishing with all my heart that it mav he well with you in the path that you have chosen

and at last fell asleep.

I accompanied him to the door. His hunting. for yourself, though I doubt it much; nor can it keep me from warning you where warning seems neces. wagon was waiting, and Long Jock, who usually

CHAPTER XIII. sary. And this is now the case. Things have reached filled the office of coachman, was on the front seat. My first sensation, as I awaked late, was a feelmy ears concerning Herr von Zehren which I trust in heaven may be founded upon error, but which are of 'The wagon will only take me to the ferry, and ing of thankfulness that it was day; my second such a nature that I think with horror of my son being in the house of a man under such suspicions, even

was one of shame at having been so powerfully if false. What I have heard, I cannot reveal to you, 'And Jock? I asked in a whisper.

affected by the terrors of the night. When but a

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