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VOL. I.-NO. 19.
BALTIMORE, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1869.
THRRE DOLLARS PER ANKUSI
NOTES OF THE WEEK...
. ....313 exerted a most soothing and tranquilizing influ- sor, Judge Dent, General Grant's brother-in-law ! EDITORIAL ARTICLES: Congressional Despotism ..............
.314 ence-leading office-holding Democrats to sup- Let it not be imagined that this is an olive-branch The Wolf and the Lamb................
pose that there will be no such indiscriminate extended by the house of Capulet to the house of Ixion................................................ MUSICAL:
slaughter of the innocents, after the 4th of March, Montague, nor even that the President's action The Peabody Institute-Seventh Orchestral Concert-MM. Gevaert and Fétis..........
0-316 as their fears had suggested would be the case, has been prompted by a desire to conform to that
................................810 AMERICAN ART. (History of Art: Development of and convincing men of all parties that any further Christian maxim which shows how we may heap Painting.)...........
...........316 effort to penetrate the counsels of General Grant coals of fire on the head of our enemy. The REVIEWS: Doctor Jacob-What I Know about Ben Eccles, would be in vain. If the further inference is to President's object was simply to get rid of Kil
Essays and Lectures by Richard McSherry, M.D.318 l be drawn that General Grant means or hopes to patrick. Once before-in similar straits—the HAMMER AND ANVIL. A Novel by Friedrich Spielhagen. Chapters XV and XVI...
319 govern the country without a party—we can only same ingenious device stood him in partial stead. NEWS SUMMARY.
...322 say that such a policy, however laudable in inten- When Mr. Edwin M. Stanton refused to resign CONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY....................... ............323tion and fine in theory, will be very likely found the portfolio of the War Department, and GenTHE MARKETS.........
exceedingly difficult, if not absolutely impossible, eral Lorenzo B. Thomas was appointed to turn in practice.
him out, and couldn't—when the obstinate SecrcTHE STATESMAN will be mailed to Subscribers out of Town, and furnished to Newsdealers in the
tary would not be ejected by door or window
During the debate, last week, upon the SufCity every Friday evening : Subscription price frage amendi
front stairs or back stairs — could neither be orice frage amendment, in the Senate, allusion was Three Dollars per annum-payable in advance.
smoked out nor starved out—the President apPersons residing in the city can be served by Carmade to the possible effect of a decision by the
pointed General Grant Secretary ad interim, and riers, by prepaving at the Office, or at the rate of Supreme Court adverse to the constitutionality of
that did the business. Hence the encouragement Thirty Cents per month, payable to the Carriers. the reconstruction measures. This drew from Mr.
to repeat the trick in the present instance. VerBooks intended for Review should be sent in Drake, of Missouri, the remarkable declaration
on ily, if posterity should fail to discover in Mr. early in the Week to receive prompt notice. Ad- that the Supreme Court had no authority, under Johnson the qualities of a great statesman, it will pertisements must be left at the Office on or before any circumstances, to pronounce any Act of Con-I not be so uniust as to withhold from him the Thursday, otherwise they will be too late for inser-Igress unconstitutional. Mr. Whyte made the credit due to a first-class county-court attorney. tion in that Week's paper.
very pertinent inquiry-whether, if the Court Applications from Persons desiring, to act as
should decide the legal-tender act to be uncon- Meanwhile, it does not help the President's Agents or Canvassers received at the Office. Communications should be addressed to
stitutional, the decision would be respected ? The position, nor add dignity to the performance on THE STATESMAN,
Missouri Senator—who is a very accomplished his part, that Judge Dent, upon being informed No. 162 Baltimore Street,
graduate of the political school illustrated by the of the honors about to be thrust upon him, or Baltimore. great Elijah Pogram-was nothing daunted, but rather of the use which was proposed to be made
replied at once, with a buffalo shake of his am- of his name, has flung the proffered compiiment brosial locks, “Not at all: the Houses of Congress back into the President's face. He don't want to would have to come to that position, at last, or be Minister to Chili, and has so informed the
else sweep from the bench of the Supreme Court Chairman of the Senate Committee on Foreign General Grant, who, if he had lived three hun-| the men who dare to cripple, by their judicial de-Relations. The most successful men in public life dred years ago, would have been known to his cisions, the law-making power of the country.” are usually those who make this distinction becontemporaries, and in history, as Ulysses the
tween their friends and their enemies—that they reSilent-last Saturday was seized with a fit of un-' The rejection by the House of Representatives serve their favors for the former and their blows for usual loquacity. A joint committee of the two of the Senate's amendments to the Constitutional the latter. The only practical distinction which Mr. Houses of Congress waited upon him for the pur- Amendment in regard to suffrage, is understood Johnson appears ever to have made-is that, unpose of notifying him of his election to the office to involve the ultimate adoption of the joint der his administration, his enemies have gotten of President of the United States. Nothing resolution in some doubt. The project of the all the pennies, while his friends have come in more was required of him than that he should (House was to amend the Constitution, so far, as for the kicks. By this policy, he has lost his signify his acceptance. He took occasion, how-to guarantee the right of suffrage against any re- friends without conciliating his opponents. Judge ever, to say, in substance, that in the selection of striction imposed by the States, because of race, Dent having declined the Chilian mission, the his Cabinet he meant to please himself, and neither color or previous condition of slavery. The President ought now consistently to nominate to consult nor tell anybody about it—that people amendment, as changed by the Senate, provides John W. Forney, or one of the Managers of the would find out who were to constitute his that there shall be no discrimination in the elec-Impeachment-say Judge Bingham. Cabinet when they were told, and not before- tive franchise, or in the right to hold office, on that the good of the whole country, not of a account of race, color, nativity, property, educa- ! A tardy act of Justice nas party, would be the aim of his administration-tion or creed. We have little doubt that, in one President Johnson has pardoned Doctor Mudd. and that he should remove from office persons form or the other, the amendment will be pro- By way of preserving his equilibrium and avoid appointed by himself, if they were subsequently posed to the States. But it is more likely that ing the imputation of leaning exclusively to the found to be incompetent, with as little hesitation the original proposition of the House will be side of suffering innocence, he has also pardoned as if they had been appointed by his predecessor. adopted upon conference between the two bodies. Sanford Conover, the Government
Sanford Conover, the Government's "swift witThese observations, which were very general, and That will secure negro suffrage-and, after all, ness" in the Surratt case-the Titus Oates of delivered in an informal conversational sort of that is the main purpose of Radicalism.
American State prosecutions. Mr. Johnson was way, can not be said to throw a great deal of
moved, it is said, to this last act of clemency, by light upon the subject of General Grant's future President Johnson, wishing to remove General the recommendations of Joseph Holt, who enjoys policy. Nevertheless, they appear to have pro- Judson Kilpatrick from his position as Minister the bad eminence of being Conover's patron, produced a re-assuring effect upon the country at to Chili, has bethought him of the happy expetector and employer. How many more rogues large, while in Washington they are said to have dient of nominating to the Senate, as his succes. I will it be necessary to turn loose in order to recon
Notes of the Week.
cile the Executive conscience to the release of annexation of St. Domingo, apart from his pro-election, they might be counted, and if they did Samuel Arnold and Edman Spangler-Doctor verbial disposition to favor all projects for the ac alter the result, they were not to be counted." Mudd's fellow-prisoners at the Dry Tortugas-quisition of territory, as shown in the purchase Such was the interpretation made by the presiding fellow-victims of the Military Commission? When of Alaska and in his negotiations for the cession officer, and concurred in by the large majority of will the President be able to sign the pardon of of the island of St. Thomas. The annexation of Congress. In the result of the late Presidential these men without risk of spilling one drop of St. Domingo, it is supposed, will involve a settle- election, the vote of Georgia was unimportant. that water which it appears to be the height ment of the much-mooted Alta Vela claim upon the Deducted from the number of electoral votes cast of Executive ambition to carry safely on both basis desired by the Secretary of State. The island in favor of General Grant, the remainder left to shoulders?
of Alta Vela, as is well known, is a guano island him a large majority. But the character of the Bad habits, like burrs, will stick. A very com
claimed by the discoverers, whose rights are repre- decision made by Congress is most significant, mon one, which many military men acquired during
sented in part by citizens of Baltimore, under the when we reflect that if the vote of that State, the late war, was that of magnifying their own
Act of Congress of August 18, 1856. It is also added to the votes in favor of Mr. Seymour, had achievements in official reports by multiplying the
claimed as a dependency by the Dominican Re- resulted in his election, it is perfectly plain that number of the forces opposed to them somewhat
public, which, in turn, has sold its rights, at least it would have been excluded from the count. In in the ratio of Falstaff's men in buckram. This
so far as the deposit of guano is concerned, to other words, it is a conclusion not to be avoided, disproportion of numbers in favor of the enemy
some New York speculators, clients of Mr. Sew- that any act necessary to the success of the Reserved equally to enhance the splendor of victory
ard. It is not likely, however, that the business publican candidate would have found ready peror remove the disgrace of defeat. General Cus
will reach any termination before the close of Mr. formance at the hands of Congress, in defiance of tar's report of his late engagement with the Kio
Seward's official career, and in his successor the the popular will, and without regard to the danger ways and Arrapahoes on the Quachita, must have
Baltimore claimants may find a less interested of exciting a revolution, the character of which been written somewhat in this style. Col. Leaven
and more impartial judge. We may observe in it is appalling to contemplate. For, it is not to worth, who has since testified on the subject before
connection with this affair, that Mr. Hale, our be supposed that there would have been calm the Senate Committee on Indian Affairs, says that
Minister at Madrid, who complains that he has submission to a proceeding by which the voice of only fifteen Indians were killed, and only.thirty
been alternately bullied by his Secretary of Lega- the people would have been stifled and the decree lodges were attacked in all, though General Cus
tion and snubbed by the Secretary of State, of the majority reversed. What form resistance tar reported the number of lodges as fifty-three,
charges Mr. Seward with being concerned with to such an outrage would have assumed, it is use. and the number of warriors killed as one hundred
Mr. Perry in speculations upon the Spanish Gov- less to conjecture. History is too full of examples and three! Col. Leavenworth further states that
ernment and people. Mr. Hale offers no proofs to leave one in doubt how certainly and terribly Mrs. Blinn, the white captive, whom General
to substantiate the charge, but it is an imputation a contest for the control of the Government would Custar reported murdered by the Indians, was
which Mr. Seward can not easily afford to let pass have been inaugurated; and the experiences of shot by our own soldiers during the fight. sub silentio.
our own day demonstrate what fearful energy
would attend the struggles of an American inter
After all the repeated rumors to the contrary, The public will not have forgotten the humane it appears that Mr. Caleb Cushing has succeeded
necine war. Happily, we have escaped this danefforts made by Bishop Whipple, of Minnesota, and in his mission to Bogota. His return is an
ger, simply because of the fortune which rendered the members of the Peace Commission, to check nounced, with the further information that he
unnecessary the revolutionary acts which would the further progress of Indian hostilities by induc| brings back a treaty with New Granada, by the
have provoked it. But neither the spirit nor the ing the Government to adopt a more conciliatory
purpose was wanting-and it may be well if they terms of which the right to construct an interpolicy towards the redskins. Bishop Whipple oceanic canal across the Isthmus of Darien has
remind us of how completely the usurpation and showed how the Indians were first goaded to acts been secured to the United States. We believe
self-aggrandizement of Congress have changed of outrage by the perfidy and cruelty of the whites, an appropriation was made by Congress some
the character of the Government. and then ruthlessly hunted down and exterminated years ago for the necessary surveys, and it is not
The apprehensions of the great statesmen of by the Government troops. His views on this sub
to be doubted that positive steps will now be our early history were directed more particularly ject have received recent and unexpected confirma-||
taken to secure the fruits of this valuable treaty. Ito the danger of Executive usurpation. The leadtion from a speech of Mr.Burleigh, the delegate from
ing idea of the Revolution was hostility to every Dakotah, who, among other items of interest to CONGRESSIONAL DESPOTISM. form of monarchy; and when positive and unthe American people, demonstrates that the lux- | The scenes which marked th
The scenes which marked the joint convention mistakeable limitations had been imposed upon ury of an Indian war, prosecuted on the scale and in of the two Houses of C.
of the two Houses of Congress upon the occasion the power and prerogative of the Executive, the the manner in which Sherman, Sheridan, Custer, of counting the electoral votes, have been the framers of the Constitution seem generally to &c., are now carrying it on, can not cost less than wh;
an subject of very general comment by the press. I have anticipated no possibility of Legislative the trifle of $40,000,000 a year-considerably more
The violence, turbulence and disgraceful disorder, or Judicial encroachment upon the rights of the than half of the entire annual expenditure of the
| which characterized that assemblage of Senators people. But the prescience of Mr. Madison was Government prior to 1860. There are two classes
and Representatives, have been rebuked and ridi- not at fault. He had studied the philosophy of of persons interested in having an Indian war on
culed everywhere throughout the country. If government too closely not to perceive that in the hand ;-military men, to whom it offers a relief)
the uncouth blundering of Mr. Wade, the self-changing future of the country, the time might from the ennui of garrison life on the plains,
"Lasserting persistency of Mr. Butler, or the riotous come when the accredited agents of the people a chance of promotion, and an opportunity for a
conduct of the mob of members who filled the would abuse the trust confided to them and eslittle cheap newspaper notoriety; and army con
"vast hall were the only topics of consideration, tablish a legislative tyranny, beneath whose irretractors, who find an enormous profit in furnishing
| we would deem it no part of our duty to revert sponsible despotism the rights and liberties of the supplies for these distant expeditions and outlying
16 to what, for the sake of decency and propriety, people would be trampled under foot. While be posts. It is not unreasonably conjectured that army
y should be consigned to oblivion. But amid the looked with distrust upon an Executive departofficers are not unfrequently interested in these
events of that day there was one too significant ment, invested with numerous and unrestricted contracts and share in the profits, and hence acquiren
" in its character to be forgotten or passed over in prerogatives, the danger he most feared, and a more direct interest in fomenting and prolong
silence. The excitement which occasioned the against which he raised the voice of anxious warning hostilities. On the other hand, the country |
Y | disagreement between the two bodies was aroused ing, was one which he believed to be incident to is interested in having what General Grant has
by the decision of the question whether the elec- the representative system--the danger that the promised us-Peace---on the frontiers as well as
Astoral vote of Georgia should be counted. The Legislature would enlarge its own delegated and elsewhere.
Ljoint resolution, which was intended to settle this limited authority and usurp the powers conferred A motive, not altogether creditable, has been question in advance, provided to use the lan- upon the coördinate departments of Government. suggested for the interest manifested by Mr. Sew-guage of Mr. Wade—“that if the votes of the The language of this warning reads like the ut ard in the scheme now being agitated for the State of Georgia did not alter the result of the I terance of prophecy: “In a representative ne
public, where the Executive Magistracy is care- yet, we are aware with what listless apathy they meekness which is the most touching thing in all fully limited, both in the extent and duration of have been considered. A people who have yielded, her history, and might even draw tears from Mr. its powers, and where the legislative power is ex- in silent submission, to every demand of aggressive Secretary Seward-even England would like some ercised by an assembly which is inspired by a sup- power, who have surrendered privileges without decent pretext for looking on while a neighbor's posed influence over the people, with an intrepid complaint, and abandoned the most sacred rights throat is cut, as she did in the case of Denmark. confidence in its own strength-which is suf- without resistance, can scarcely be won to the So Count Bismarck raises anew his cry that ficiently numerous to feel all the passions which consideration of subjects, the decision of which Austria is throwing firebrands again, and informs actuate a multitude, yet not so numerous as to be they have permitted to pass from their hands. her that if her manners are not mended she must incapable of pursuing the objects of its passions- But, with the inauguration of a new Executive, expect "serious steps” on the part of Prussia ; it is against the enterprising ambition of this de- who, so far as party relations have force, is in and he points, we can fancy, significantly to Vienna partment that the people ought to indulge all sympathy with the majority which control Con- and Buda. And the National Zeitung more their jealousy and exhaust all their precautions.”gress and the country, the interest which ought plainly says that if M. von Beust is allowed to
How far the apprehensions which prompted to attend the consideration of questions so deeply play his tricks with impunity, "a war must nethis warning were justified, is a question, the affecting the public welfare, is naturally re- cessarily follow." That is, they will kill any answer to which lies in the knowledge and experi- vived. The apathetic indifference of the people man's sheep that bites them on a public road." ence of every reader. The history of the present is so far awakened that they await with anxiety There is an old Hebrew Book which perhaps may Congress presents their full realization. It re- the declarations which shall indicate the policy not be familiar to Count von Bismarck, but which quires no detail of its proceedings, no report of of the new administration. Will it demand-we, who have not yet adjusted our doctrines to its debates, no discussion of its measures or analy- and demanding, have the power to enforce- the standard of the "Connecticut churches,'' are sis of its legislation, to show to what point of a removal of the degrading restrictions imposed provincial enough to read occasionally, in which usurpation its “enterprising ambition” has borne upon the prerogative of the Executive? Will it there is a story of a certain king who looked with it. Its record demonstrates with what rapid and restore to the Judiciary the dignity and indepen eyės of desire on a piece of property that was not unbroken progress it has accumulated power: dence of which its tribunals have been deprived ? his own. As the owner refused to part with it, how it has enlarged the sphere of its control and Will it rebuke the arrogance of an usurping Con- because it was the inheritance of his father, the influence; how completely it has absorbed all the gress, and reduce, within its legitimate limits, the king had recourse to the Prussian policy. His attributes and authority of government. The absolute power it has so recklessly wielded ? These official organs (Sons of Belial is the IIebrew voice of the Judiciary has been silenced, and its are questions of paramount interest and impor- term) were loud and unanimous in their denunciaindependence repressed ; the prerogatives of the tance, upon the decision of which depends the tions of the man, as having used incendiary lanExecutive have been limited, restrained and neu- future destiny of the country. What that de-guage highly hostile to the Government, or, in tralized; while the rights of States and the liber-cision will be it is useless to conjecture. A few the antique phrase, “blasphemed God and the ties of citizens have been made the subjects of brief weeks will determine whether the new Presi- / King.” “Serious steps” followed in due course; repeated outrages. But it would be a waste of dent will be governed by the inspirations of an with what ultimate consequences Count Bismarck words to recall in detail the steps by which it has honest and intrepid patriotism, or weakly sur-would perhaps do well to ponder. thrown aside all the restraints and limitations render the powerful influences of his position to
IXION. originally imposed upon its power. It is sufficient the demands of an absolute Congress.
The amusing burlesque of Ixion, which has been to say, that the process has been complete by
so successful in New York, where it has had an which it has subverted what was designed to be THE WOLF AND THE LAMB.
uninterrupted run of over three months, was peran assemblage of representatives of the people There would be something ludicrous in the formed for the first time in this city on Monday into a convention of delegates of a party. Such clamor of Count von Bismarck's official organs, night. The idea, as well as the name, is borrowed is the character of the American Congress to-day. followed by the whole Prussian press in full cry,
are from the familiar classical fable. Icion, King of Such will be the character of that which will suc- against the threatening and aggressive tone of the
the Lapithæ, a people of Thessaly, who is repreceed it. The old conflict of parties is practically | Austrian papers, were it not that we have seen
sented as a sort of mythological Don Juan, having ended. A majority of two-thirds in both the this game tried once before, and remember the to revolt, is offered an asylum by Jupiter, who
e seen murdered his father-in-law and driven his subjects Senate and the House of Representatives is, in tragedy to which it was part of the prologue. sends his courier, Mercury, to escort his guest to itself, the source and the assurance of absolute Just before the war of 1866, Count von Bismarck the Hotel d'Olympe. As soon as he arrives in the and irresponsible power. It can control the Exe- I called upon all the world to see how the wolf celestial abode, the incorrigible Irion begins a cutive, because it is independent of his approval Austria was making ready to devour the lamb desperate flirtation with Venus, which excites the of its measures. It can intimidate the Judiciary, Prussia: Austria was the great make-bate and ire a because of its jurisdiction over the organization trouble-waters: Austria forsooth was arming,
vites the earth-born Lothario to "pistols and cofof the courts.
"6" fee." It can reject or admit, at pleas- though Prussia had months before made a treaty
A diversion is, however, effected by Cupid, ure its own members, and by its usurped author- with Italy, which could have but one object; Aus-l in another direction. Imperial Juno, the spouse
who turns the current of Ixion's wayward fancies ity over a portion of the States, can decide who tria had broken the Convention of Gastein in of Jupiter, is now the object of Irion's audacious shall be their representatives. The country is June, though Prussia had trampled it underfoot love, and the tender feeling is fully reciprocated thus in the condition that it is governed by alin May.
by the goddess. The other inhabitants of Olympus, party-not in the sense of mere party ascendancy But in fact, Prussia having once committed who are highly scandalized at these improper pro-but in the sense that all its legislation is con-herself to the policy of force and aggrandisement, ceedings, partic trolled in the interests of a party, designed ex- can not now go back, nor can she pause by the
and Minerva, who has in vain endeavored to atclusively to promote its aggrandizement and se-way. The good fortune that she thought she had
tract the attention of the handsome young mortal, cure the perpetuation of its power.
lose no time in informing Jupiter of the danger That this is seized, has really laid hold upon her. Like the
the which threatens his domestic repose. The result a true representation of the relation which Con- magician in the story, the man that guides her follows that Ixion is ignominiously expelled from gress bears to the country, needs no demonstra- destinies has raised a spirit that he can not lay, the abode of the gods, whose hospitality he has tion of argument. It is a fact known, recognized, and which must be kept employed or it will de- profaned, and sentenced to everlasting punishment
-and submitted to by the people, although they stroy its evocator. The Prussian people, bitterly "at the wheel.” realize that it involves the most menacing danger loth. were forced into a bloody strife with their It is easy to see that here we have all the eleto their institutions and their liberties.
I brethren, and now they will have nothing less ments of a very clever and amusing burlesque. What will be its influence upon the future destiny than the promised price. But the world can not
The plan of the piece suggests so many incongru
ous and laughable situations; there is room for tho of the republic? To what conclusions will this be expected to look upon such wholesale spolia-int
introduction of so many absurd anachronisms and usurpation of all power-this abrogation of the fun- tions with indifference; and even England, though such capital fun--that it is strange that the author. damental principles of government-ultimately of late her policy seems to be to bare her back and with such promising materials to his hand, should lead? These are questions of grave import; and I offer her cheek to the smiter with a pathetic not have made more out of them. As it is, the piece is amusing-it would have been much more tremely well, exhibiting the same vivacity and were good selections, which were fully appreciated so, if a tithe of the ingenuity had been bestowed grace which have made her, in other parts, such a by the audience. In this last piece, the principal upon the invention of incidents, which was wasted favorite with the public. Her songs and dances tune of the march was played rather too fast at in the manufacture of bad puns, with which drear- were repeatedly encored, and on Friday evening first; and subsequently in the right time when it iest of all possible descriptions of wit, it abounds of this week, she, too, was the recipient of her first was brought in again. We would suggest to whoalmost ad nauseam.
congratulatory and complimentary benefit. In ever has charge of the advertisements relating to On Monday night, the representation gave un- addition to the life and spirit which both sisters the Peabody concerts, to have the programme anmistakable evidences of too much haste in the infuse into all their performances, their acting has nounced without any addition whatever, as such preparation and of want of sufficient study and this especial charm-it is thoroughly lady-like; addition is undignified for an Academy of Music rehearsal. These defects, with each successive per there is nothing rude, boisterous, indelicate or hoy- The "celebrated Coronation March" is a puting formance, became less apparent, and next week, if denish in any of the fun which they permit them- expression only to be used by some nomad orches. continued, the piece ought to run with the utmost selves. Adhering to this standard of propriety, tra. Meyerbeer's works are celebrated enough, possible smoothness. It is one of the disadvantages which thus early in their career they have marked and they need not that the programme of a Conattending theatrical representations in this city, to out for themselves, and which their own good taste servatory of Music should say so. which we have heretofore adverted, that no play, has evidently prompted-with the versatility of Mrs. Rosewald's voice seemed somewhat fatigued however well-mounted and well-performed, can talent of which every change of piece-each new or hoarse, and she was evidently frightened; so it command a sufficiently long run of success, to jus- character in which they appear, give evidence is rather difficult to judge fully of her talent on tify managers in the expense and labor in the way these young ladies can not fail to win a high po in this occasion. We must say, however, that she of previous preparation, which, for example, was tion in the difficult and laborious profession to sung some parts of the cavatina of Donizetti's bestowed upon this identical piece in New York. which they have dedicated their freshness and Fille du Regiment with taste and signs of a good Several weeks of careful rehearsal preceded its first their youth.
school. We hope that Mr. Southard will continue representation at Wood's Museum, where it was! It would be unjust to close this notice without to take the greatest pains in diversifying the prosubsequently played for eighty consecutive nights. giving due credit for the manner in which other grammes. As a contrast to the school of Haydı, Considering, therefore, the shortness of the time al- characters in the burlesque are sustained by Mrs. Mendelssohn, Mozart and Beethoven, it would be lowed for preparation, great credit must be given Hamilton, Mrs. Bishop, Miss Stanley, Miss Parker, desirable to play some compositions of Schumann, to all concerned in getting the piece up at the Holli- Miss Harrison, Messrs. Kennedy, Meeker, Parker, Wagner, Rubinstein, etc. We would suggest the day Street. Some of the scenery which was painted etc., who represent the various personages in the Symphony in F of Bouvy, which is always perby Mr. Parker, besides having a very happy ar- Greek mythology.
formed with success at the Conservatory of Paris tistic effect, is made the vehicle of some palpable
We wish to say a few words, to our musical hits-as, for instance, the scene representing the PEABODY INSTITUTE-SEVENTH OR-I readers abou
'H OR- readers, about a controversy which has lately arisen cave of Bacchus, with the sign conspicuously dis
CHESTRAL CONCERT-MM. GEVAERT between M. Fétis, Director of the Conservatory of played over the door-" Bacchus, Rectifier and AND FETIS.
Music at Brussels, and M. Gevaert, the well-known Compounder of Liquors." Is our friend, Mr. Ford, The programme of the seventh and last concert composer, who is now publishing, together wit aware that under the law, any person displaying has shown at last the willingness of the Director to M. Wilder, a most interesting work called Colee. this sign without a Government license, is liable to have variety and difference of style illustrated in tion des Chefs d' uvre de la musique rocale ita. a very heavy fine? We suppose Olympus, how the music performed, as well as to present lighterienne. The object of this controversy is to show ever, is beyond the Supervisor's jurisdiction. compositions side by side with the more scientific. who is the composer who first used the chord o? Bishop, without whom no burlesque at the Holli- We are happy to see that our suggestions on the the dominant seventh. M. Fétis holds that You. day Street would be complete, figures as Minerva subject have been proved correct. The first piece teverde was the first person who used the medern in a Grecian robe and "Grecian bend,” with spec- was Haydn's Symphony in D. Haydn was a great tonalité and the chord of the dominant setenta. tacles on nose, and a huge reticule on his (her) genius, especially when we consider that, born in M. Gevaert maintains that the priority of the ese arm, containing a bottle of Mrs. Winslow's Sooth- 1732, he preceded by a great many years Mozart of that chord belongs to Caccini. ing Syrup, and a manuscript essay on the Rights and Beethoven. His instrumentation is, of course, / We believe that the evidence of M. Fetis alole of Women. We wonder whether Bishop will not less rich and complicated, but his ideas run always is not sufficient to confer on Monteverde the cole feel queer in male habiliments when he gets into clearly and intelligibly. His modulations are ex-tested honor, and M. Gevaert has perfectly protei them again.
quisite, and always brought up and prepared with that Caccini was the first to use that chord. La The soul of the performance, however, is Miss the greatest care. His talent consisted mainly in perusing M, Gevaert's publication we find the ci Blanche Chapman. This charming young actress, the development of the most insignificant themes of the chord of the dominant seventh well e who has been steadily improviug upon the first The finale of the Symphony in D affords an exam- tablished since 1640. In the preceding years then impression she made in Cinderella, and who, on ple of this, as this beautiful movement is only the is unfortunately a chasm of more than twedi Friday of last week, the evening of her benefit, rich and varied development of a trifling and rather years, as the first five pieces are from 1600 to 16the first occasion of the kind in her professional common-place idea expressed in the first bars. The Composers showed at first a certain shyness in te career-received an ovation of which any actress, whole of it was fairly performed except the Minu- gard to using the new chord, but one finds in the though an acknowledged queen of the stage, might etto, in which the time was not equally sustained. a singular form of perfect cadence, in which 1 have been justly proud-has achieved her most We always, in the general performance, find the chord of the dominant seventh is preceded by decided success in the character of Ixion. Admi- same faults--the result of the organization of the perfect chord of the same fundamental. M. be rably dressed-looking every way like the capti-orchestra. The delicacy and niceties of the details vaert says that this form is found at least twe! vating young Lothario she is supposed to repre- escape the ear of the best musicians, as there is no five times in Caccini's Nuove Musiche. 1. le sent-she seems to have caught perfectly the spirit proportion between the stringed instruments and however, has not been convinced by the area of the piece and of her part. There is something the brass and the wind instruments, which latterments of M. Gevaert, and each one of them claims exceedingly amusing in the airy impudence with constantly stifle the former. Besides, each time the victory for himself.
NIMO which Ixion narrates to Jupiter the story of his that they had occasion to come in by themselves, crimes and of his subjects' revolt, and requests the they mutilated the few bars they had to perform.
AMERICAN ART. Thunder-bearer to stop the rain and light up the This state of things requires a change. and Mr.
[Continued from No. XIV.) moon; with which he makes love by turns to Venus Southard ought to insist upon it; as, whether 111.-History of Art: Development of Paint and to Juno-laughs at the anger and the threats rightly or wrongly, he will be held responsible by The history of Art sustains the conela of Mars-and finally, like Don Juan in Moliere's the public.
| drawn in a preceding article, from the princip comedy, accepts his final and inevitable doom. I Miss Gaul plays wonderfully well for her age, and nature of art. We found that man ad
The spirit of the burlesque is well maintained and does much credit to the teaching of her father. passions, noble and ignoble, are the elemen throughout. Mars draws a Lilliputian dagger from The neatness and the precision of her execution the intelligible expression of the spiritual a Brobdignagian scabbard, and brandishes it to the are most remarkable, and she will doubtless become moral impressions in tangible or visible air of Voici le Sabre! Minerva and Ixion execute an eminent artist, if such prematurely severe stu-| A retrospective glance to prove that m a comic dance at a solemn assembly of the gods, dies do not have a bad influence on her health and been the main object of artistic concepti and all the divinities, male and female, join in her growth, or make of her a mere mechanical every remarkable epoch, will equally ser singing, to appropriate music, the Pindaric ode of prodigy. She was warmly applauded, and, as en-cidate other important points connected “Taffy was a Welshman,
core, played with the same talent the first two subject. Tafly was a thief."
movements of Beethoven's Moonlight Sonata. Let us first state that painting, or the te Miss Ella Chapman, as Mercury, has less to do The overture to the Dame Blanche, the Polonaise tation on a level surface, of things as se than her elder sister, but that little she does ex-l of Wolff, the Coronation March of Meyerbeer, Iture, is not as ancient as sculpture. The
equally serve to e'xo
upture. The reason is
obvious. Indeed, sculpture, so far as regards its For all this early and general practice of color. factures. In this respect, and for the reign of imitative and material part, is coeval with the ing in Egyptian architecture, no simultaneous in- David and Solomon, the names of Tyre and Sidon earliest fabrication of earthenware; even before, dication is found of real paintings--that is, of are often referred to in the Scriptures. Here we when and wherever it gave clay, wax, or other subjects designed and colored on a level surface. read of the weavings and rich embroideries; the plastic substances easily put in shape and form. Many works of this description exist on the banks dyes, among which the famous purple; and furIt may be said that the first brick hardened by the of the Nile, but they have all been executed in ther, the fine beaten (gilding) gold of Tyre; of the heat of the sun, contained the material principle constructions of a more recent date, principally of skill of both Tyrians and Sidonians in architecwhich could give life to plastic art. Not so with the Ptolemean reign. Let us here remark that ture and ship-building, in ungraving and carving, painting, the practice of which, in its simplest form, the walls of the most primitive edifices abound in casting or chasing silver and metal; as a celeband without reference to its æsthetic requisites still with carvings and low-reliefs, so low and flat, in-rity in the latter branches, of the artist, Hiram, demands a variety of complicated tools and mate- deed, that the sculptured part of them amounts to whom the wise King calls from the city of Tyre rials, the product of a developed industry
little more than a deep chiseled furrow, abruptly to finish the famous temple of Jerusalem. The The present and the past verify this theory. rounded to the edge which marks the outline. The elaborate and graphic scriptural account of this Among savage tribes, coloring the skin or tatoo- space between the outlines is filled with an even edifice, and of the palaces and porches built by ing, is the extent of what some affect in the line of tint, of a color chosen according to what it is de- Solomon about 1000 B. C., does not contain a word painting. Those barbarians who ignore painting, signed to represent. As far as known, the first about anything like painting. Let us further rehave an idea of sculpture, rough, unshapen, we real painting is executed in the Hypogeum, or un- mark that during the siege of Troy, 200 years beadmit, yet existing in the form of an idol, or as a derground burial-place of the Pharaohs. It still fore, the Phænician cities were the advanced guard carved ornament on bow and quiver. No matter exists there in well preserved condition, and can of civilization; so that if the art in question had what ancient art we recur to, it follows the same be studied from the copies collected in Wilkinson's really existed in Europe or Asia, it would have there course of developmeni. The oldest structures on Egyptian Antiquities, and still better from the been practised. For, if cultivated in Sidon or the borders of the Nile discloso traces of the chisel chromos of the richly illustrated work on the same Tyre, we do not see why it should not have been before those of the brush. Where paint is ap- subject, published by the Prussian Government. somewhere used for the embellishment of Soloplied, it is in answer to the laws of harmony, to Well considered, it is evident that its origin rests mon's temple or palaces, 200 years later. remove the monotonous aspect of a building, not on the principle of the painted bas-relief, differing Homer's liad is equally silent in regard to with any purpose of imitating nature on a level from the latter in its chiseled outlines, which are painting. The poet speaks of Sidonian weavings surface.
replaced by dark-colored drawn contours. Other and embroideries. He mentions the arts of inlayColoring the sculptured and ornamental parts of points are similar. From these data it will readily ing, enameling, of wood, stone and ivory carving, an edifice is a feature of architecture in antiquity. I occur why the Egyptian painting first saw the of chasing in silver and copper. For the latter In the modern era it existed down to the time of light in a dark place-under ground. All secrecy art, his fertile imagination conceives magnificent the so-called revival of the Arts and of Letters in is removed by this very antithesis: then, with the pictures in the description of Achilles' buckler the fifteenth century. The remains of the Egyp-fact that hewn marks or furrows on a wall, lit by and Agamemnon's breast-plate. % Besides, Hotian, Assyrian and Babylonian temples and palaces; lamps and torches, missed the sharp and even mer never fails to admire the beauties and to some fragments in the Museums of Munich from effect they possessed in full day, with a steady praise the author of an artistic work, whenever the pediment of the Ægian temple; descriptions light falling from above, it became necessary to an occasion for that purpose presents itself in of ancient writers; and, for the art of the middle replace them by dark-colored lines which could the natural order of his subject. When, thereages, the minute researches of archæologists, such be seen in all lights and from any situation. fore, as regards architecture, he details the in as de Caumont and James Weale, leave no doubt! From the Hypogeum, this kind of painting made and outward appearance of Priam's palace and on this head. They attest that it has always been its way above ground and lived in the same con- of other monuments, without mentioning paintcustomary to enliven buildings inside and outside, dition, without material alteration, till the end of ing, we may take it for granted that during the either by a symmetrical disposition of stones, the Egyptian empire. In all its incompleteness Heroic period, this branch of art was still unmarbles, or other materials of different color, or it was an important step, when we consider that known. The question then is an open one, whether else by a coloring in keeping with the surround-progress now only became a matter of opportu- even at Homer's time it had an existence. If not, ings. A departure from this rule was affected in the nity. The art-relics of the Medes and Persians at we should come nearer to the opinion of Plinyl age of Pope Leo X., pursuant to an exaggerated Persepolis; those of the Assyrians and Babylo- who contends, first, that the Greeks commenced devotion to classical Greek studies and to pagan nians, exhumed from the ruins of Nineveh and practising painting after Homer's time (900 B. C.); ideas, which, propagated by the influence of Greek Babylon, present already a deeper study of nature second, that the most primitive manner was in the exiles after the fall of the Byzantine empire, were and are a decided improvement in comparison Egyptian style; that is, adds Pliny, by filling the misunderstood and misapplied. with Egyptian art.
space between the outlines with an even color. No style of architecture has used ornamental An artistic dash was to be expected as soon as No evidence being offered to the contrary, both coloring as profusely as the Egyptian. Its tem- the imagination should be left free from dogmatic assertions must be admitted to rest on a good ples, palaces, and even private dwellings were lit- rule and theocratic constraint; when the artist foundation. erally covered with different paints from the base could rely on himself for the interpretation of the The historians further agree that Greek Art to the roof. This, according to all writers and trav- idea, and freely address himself to nature for the began to be cultivated not in the Peninsula, but elers,* does not in the least destroy the harmony, models of his subject. In such condition the arts along that part of the Asiatic coast settled by the nor does it affect the impression of grandeur, were first placed in Greece. No soil on earth, it is more peaceable and industrious Ionic race. The which the sight of those structures produces upon true, did ever produce a people so thoroughly Doric invasion of the Peloponnesus, known as the the mind of the spectator. A rational explanation artistic. Was this quality acquired or inherent; return of the Heraclids, obliged the defeated of what elsewhere would appear a medley of the result of physical circumstances or of national Æolians and Ionians to escape submission, and colors, is to be found partly in the brilliancy of the institutions ? Without deciding, for the present, perhaps slavery, by a general emigration. . Egyptian sky, which, like the Italian, admits of on the relative merit of either influence, we may This caused the establishment of colonies along an intense coloring. Still more, it is explained by contend that the institutions had no small share in the shore and on the islands of Asia Minor, and the uniform tint of the sands and rocks forming cultivating the æsthetic tastes of the nation. Cer- the growth of important communities. It is but the Egyptian landscape, in which the natural color tainly, by provoking and encouraging a noble natural that from an easy and direct commerof the building-stone would be lost. Nothing, emulation among artists, and on the other side, by cial intercourse with the luxurious Phænician therefore, but a judicious, which means in this eliciting for their works both admiration and a se- cities, the colonies, at least the wealthiest, like instance lively coloring of the monument, could vere criticism from a refined public, the Greeks Milete and Samos (both of Ionic descent,) should restore its pre-eminence in the scenery.f
have left us literary and artistic productions which bo foremost in bearing the fruits of civilization.
will forever stand as models of simplicity, taste There is nothing strange in the fact that, although * Wilkinson, Champollion, Bunze. + This judicious spirit in adorning an edifice, accord- and judgment.
the Peloponnesus was the centre from which emiing to situation of the whole and disposition of its! With the Hellenes, art seems to have followed gration radiated, the mental culture of the Greeks parts, by either line or color, is not often met in American architecture. Our buildings, generally, look once more the course which we observed it to have should commence in their colonies, and that to too odd, and in some cases they are too monotonous and simple. Sometimes a structure of merit is placed taken in the land of the Pharaohs; at least the reach its highest development it had to go back in a narrow street, where its beauties can be admired plastic art, in its different forms, is alone mentioned from the circumference to the centre, from Milete, only from the top of the houses on the opposite side. It could do no harm, we think, if our architects, and described by the oldest Greek author. Before Samos and Syracuse, to Sparta and Athens. already experts in the art of erecting commodious and well planned dwellings, would give a little study to
* I Kings. Chap. VII.; Vs. 13 and 14. esthetics. Nobody would lose by the innovation, coast of the Mediterranean sea had already become
FI Kings. Chaps. V., VI. and VII. and it might enrich the community with real works limportant commercial centres, and were renowned of art disposed and ordained in such a manner that
I Iliad. Book XVIII. none of their beauties could escape inspection. "Ifor their skilled labor, their industry and manu-l i Iliad. Book XI.—35.