Imagens das páginas

as in all things. The world is not likely to give up again. Yet if they had not come, people would out with it then. Up!..Up! "Whatsoever thy hand

findeth to do, do it with thy whole might. Work dancing, in public or private, to please either have complained of the omission, and of want while it is called To-day, for the Night cometh in Archbishops or Governments; but then in these of enterprise or liberality in some quarter. It which no man can work.” days of sewing-machines and cheap fabrics, man- is as Dion Boucicault says in a late letter to Now, with all deference to Mr. Southard (if this agers might afford a little more outlay in the way the Pall Mall Gazette about the outcry in re- device be his) we will say, if he has anything to of skirts for the ballet, without incurring ruinous gard to the decline of the legitimate drama. offor us really illustrative of the music, we will acexpense. No doubt there is a point at which it When there was a legitimate drama, illustrated cept it thankfully; but we prefer not to have exbehooves the authorities who are custodians of the by the brightest names in the history of the Eng- tracts from entirely irrelevant works thrust upon public morals equally with the public peace, to lish stage, did the public support it? Did mana- us because he happens to associate them with this step in and curb the freedom of theatrical repre-gers or actors fare better in their pockets than in or the other piece of music. If it be his pleasure, sentations, which threatens to degenerate into these days of the sensational drama, the spectacle we should prefer to read our Carlyle in our studies, license. There are in this city to-day, cheap thea- and the burlesque? The presenco next week at and to have our Beethoven pure, without any adtres which are nightly crowded, where the charac- the Holliday Street of the entire Fiske or Bateman mixture of Teufelsdröckh, or any other of Mr. ter of the entertainment offered is sufficiently indi-troupe, will fairly test the disposition here to sup-Southard's favorite authors. cated by the advertisements which appear in the port an opera and the extent of the demand for an The Overture to the Wasserträger of Cherubini daily prints. We do not propose to describe the opera-house. In New York, this company has evidently felt the effects of the fifth Symphony's features of these performances, inasmuch as there been playing with uninterrupted success since the performance, and, in the last bars, the orchestra are some things which become more disagreeable commencement of the theatrical season in Octo-was ahead of its leader. Cherubini was born (1760) in proportion as they are stirred. The strictures ber. During the month of January their receipts in Florence, and died (1842) in Paris, where he of the press would have no effect upon the propri- at the Grand Opera House, as shown by the Inter- was Director of the Conservatory from the year etors of these places of amusement or the audi- nal Revenue returns, amounted to $37,377.00, 1822. His principal title to the admiration of posences which frequent them, unless it should be to nearly fifteen hundred dollars per night. Accord- terity will be his church music. He composed his increase the latter and enrich the former. The ing to the New York Herald, the subscription for first mass when thirteen years old, and his first regulation of this evil falls within the province of seats in Philadelphia this week exceeded $14,000. Jopera at the age of nineteen. His more popular Grand Juries and the Police. With respect to the

operas are “Ifigenia in Aulide," "Lodoiska," better class of theatres—those which are patronized


and “Les Deux Journées." His Overture to by refined and cultivated people-the abuse of The eighth concert of the Peabody Academy of “la Belle Portugaise" is considered his best ; which we have spoken exists in a much less degree Music was not so well attended as usual. Was we prefer it to the “Wasserträger," although than the wholesale denunciation with which they the cause the sharp wind which blew from the they are both distinguished by a complete absence are at times visited from the pulpit and by a por-north; or was it, on the part of the public, a sort of melody. The Overture to the “Bohemian tion of the religious. press, would lead the non- of premonition of the fate reserved for one of Girl" of Balfe, was better performed. Balfe has theatre-going public to believe. As it is, and for Beethoven's master-pieces ? In fact, the Fifth composed two French Opéras-Comiques—"Le the reasons already given, the evil is on the wane, Symphony was coldly and deliberately murdered. Puits d'Amour' and "Les Quatre fils d'Aymon." and the class of exhibitions complained of will It would take too much time to enumerate the im This will explain why the Overture to the "Bosoon be confined to the lower and less reputable perfections and faults which occurred in almost hemian Girl'' is written in the French style, so class of theatres which have lately sprung into every bar; to say nothing of a perfect misunder- much so as to recall, at each moment, the overtures existence.

standing between the bâton of Mr. Southard and of Auber. Passing from general observations to particulars, the musicians of the orchestra. Still, we will not The march from Tannhäuser was well played, we have said so much heretofore in commendation too severely reproach the Director for such a per- considering its difficulty. It was very much liked of the acting of the Chapman Sisters, who, since formance. It would be tiresome to repeat a third by the audience, and this should encourage Mr. their first appearance in this city four weeks ago, time what we have before-said of the orchestra. Southard to give us a hearing of the "Prelude" of have played chiefly in burlesque, and during the There are in it some individual features that are Lohengrin, and of "Les Entr'actes des Maitres past week have gained additional credit by their good; but the general character-its ensemble-Chanteurs," by the same composer, Richard performance in The Forty Thieves, that we have is most imperfect; and wo must say, with resig- / Wagner. The execution of a cavatina from Lucia left ourselves little to add in their praise. We nation, that “what can not be cured must be en- di Lammermoor by a lady amateur, a pupil of the can only repeat, that one marked characteristic dured.” But, if the means of the Academy are Academy, received the honor of an encore. and especial charm of their performances has so limited as to admit of no improvement in this Concordia Hall was crowded last Tuesday evebeen their thoroughly modest and lady-like de- respect, it would have been more dignified andning, on the occasion of Ole Bull's concert. Ole portment on the stage. This—to sum up-in both more prudent to have avoided puffing advertise- Bull is an eminent violinist, known all over the sisters, is combined with a manner entirely natural ments, speaking of the Conservatories of Paris world, and it is almost useless to say that he played and free from stage affectations, a native sense of and of Leipsic, and promising the highest degree with that sureness of bow, and that grandeur and humor and the vivacity and freshness that belong of execution. Such advertisements have not only elevation of style which are his prominent qualito youth, and an evident desire to please and to been injurious to the Academy, but they are in ties, performing with irreproachable precision the excel. In addition the elder, Blanche, has a voice sulting to the musical taste and intelligence of the most complicated runs, and expressing with the which only needs further cultivation to qualify her public.

greatest feeling all the emotions that music can for a high place in English opera. Although in no The printed “illustrations' designed to be given evoke. None of the artists who lent him their cosense novices, as their thorough self-possession of the Symphony, in the form of printed quo-operation deserve particular notice. The audience, before the foot-lights and aptitude in all stage- tations from Carlyle, added still more to the gro-perfectly silent and attentive when Ole Bull was business testify, it is to be remembered that this tesque nature of the performance. Such illustra- playing, was restless, talkative and distrait during is the first star-engagement which the Chapman tions, when clearly written, are necessary for works the other pieces. Why do not artists, who have Sisters have filled. It has been of unusual length, such as the Ode-Symphony of Félicien David, not enough in themselves to command attention, and attended throughout by evidences of increas-called “Le Desert,” because that composition is, try at least to pique curiosity by playing or sing. ing favor and popularity. The impression they throughout, intended to imitate "the calm of the ing something new? The field is so immense, and hare made will rot only inspire, at parting, cordial Desert" -"the rest of the night'—"the Dance of the we are in that respect so far behind the age. The wishes for their success, but ensure them a warm Almées." It is merely imitative music, and the air from Martha, the cavatina from the Barbiere welcome whenever and as often as they may return. composer wishes to have understood what he has di Siviglia, and the duett Guarda che bianca luna

On Monday, English burlesque gives place to attempted to imitate. But Beethoven had no such of Campana, have been so much sung, so often reFrench opera bouffe. La Perichole will be given plan; he obeyed the inspirations of his genius, and peated, that every one is tired of them, and would at the Holliday Street, with Irma, who has charmed every one can feel the passions expressed by his prefer to hear something from the new operas all young New York, and Aujac, in the principal music. And we should like to know to whose in which have so much success abroad, but are comroles. Neither opera nor artists have been heard genious public-spiritedness wo are indebted, for paratively unknown here. here before. On the following nights will be pre-serving us up scraps of Sartor Resartus as a run-1 M. Martens' selections were good. He is a pupil sented Orphée aux Enfers, La Barbe Bleue, and ning commentary upon Beethoven. Here for in- of the Conservatory of Leipsic, (so we understand so on to the end of the week and of the entire re-stance is a fragment offered as an illustration of the words, "from the Conservatory of Leipsie," pertoire of pieces performed by this same company the Scherzo :

| which accompany his name, because, if he be. in New York. When part of this troupe (Tostee,

New Life in harmony with Destiny. &c.,) were here last, they played at the Concordia * * * Be no longer a Chaos, but a World, or even not be traveling in America,) and in fact he plays

It is written “Wo unto him who is at rest in zion..longed to that establishment as a teacher, he would to houses one-third or one-fourth filled. We als Worldkin. Produce! Produce! Were it but the pitie lubec

like a good scholar, with that correctness which is | rullest infinitesimal fraction of & Product, produce it most wonder at their courage in visiting this city in God's name! 'Tis the utmost thou hast in thee, acquired under the control of a strict teacher-11

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that expression, merely, that a teacher can impart, [NOTE.-In the first sentence of the article on Mo- the sanction of imperial legislation. Yet the idea but without any warmth or any original and per-zart in our last No., by a transposition of words, the of this new impulse is Christian, as well as that sonal feeling of his own. He had to sit twelve

final clause read-"a view of Mozart's somewhat ad- I which is going to kindle so wonderfully the arts times at the piano, and this ought to excuse him, venturous character," when it should have read~"a

in the Western world. somewhat adventurous view of Mozart's character." perhaps, for the manner in which he accompanied 'A correction of the mistake is due to our own respect

The only explanation for the anomalous condiOle Bull's Norvegian Fantasia. Besides, this for the memory of the illustrious composer.-ED.) tion of Byzantine art is the fact of the divipiece was not printed, but manuscript.

sion of the empire. The Western spirit, which Mr. W. Macdonald has a rather agreeable nasal


had always proved more independent, now lost its voice. Mrs. Barry, contralto, sang better the bal

(Continued from No. XIX.)

former control, and with Oriental influence unlads than Rossini's music. The cabaletta of the

checked, the exclusive notions of Asia came again cavatina, Una voce poco fa, was very slackly sung. 111.--History of Art: Development of Painting.

into the ascendant. Even in the West, art might It requires a great deal more of spirit, and the

Throughout the long period from the age of Pe-l have been circumscribed in the same manner, had scales and runs should be whipped off.

ricles to the reign of Constantine, in the fourth it not been for the invasion of the barbariang. The t in France the musical century of the Christian era, the successive changes Vandals, Goths and Huns, the Franks and other pitab of all orchestras has been determined by a lot art are limited to the expression. The imitative branches of the Germanic race by constantly inlaw for the sake of the singers.

gers. The Choral So- qualities--that 18, form, style and arrangement-fusing a new blood into the veins of a degenerated

The Choral So. qualities--that is, form, style and arrangementciety of London, and the orchestra of M. Hallé, although more or less grand, beautiful or graceful, | people, imparted at last have recently adopted the French musical pitch, and more or less perfectly done at different times, that spirit of personal freedom and independence Great efforts are being made at this time to have present strong family features. All artistic pro- of thought which in G

na to hava present strong family features. All artistic pro-l of thought which in Greece had already been the the English musical pitch lowered, and it is strange Cuctio

|ductions reflect a distinguishing character which secret lever of a flourishing art. They would soon

s not yet been adopted shows them to flow from one-that is, from the create for the modern era equally brilliant results, by a nation so liberal, it is only because such Hellenic source.

and will never fail to call them forth when they change would cost a few thousand francs. The

The same aspect reproduces itself in the carly

are accompanied by proper encouragement. English pitch is a semi-tone. higher than the Christian art of the Catacombs, which has an im

Italy led off in the artistic movement. Com parFrench one, and such a state of things creates a press of highly religious feeling, but does not

atively free, and sufficiently protected from feudal revolution in the larynx of the French and Italian otherwise materially differ from its contemporary |

abuse under the surviving Roman institution of singers who cross the channel in the spring. Mr. above ground, except by the greater technical ex

the municipia, she could not but take the lead; Bishenden, teacher of vocal music and author of a cellence of the latter. Even no radical change of

while in her lap, formerly the centre of a worldTraité pour la voi.c, is at the head of the move-form was effected by a complete reform in the

empire, the monuments of pagan civilisation were ment to effect this change, and it is interesting to ideas of mankind through the subversion of idola

numerous and well preserved. Yet with so many read his correspondence on the subject with Mlle. Itry. A single but very important fact will show

advantages, the movement was retarded till the Nilsson, the celebrated singer. Here is Mr. Bis- the truth of this remark. After the Christian faith

" thirteenth century. In that long interval, from henden's letter: had become the religion of the empire, A. D. 313,

the fall of the empire, the only thing artistic known MADAM-I trust you will pardon my addressing you its services were performed not in a temple exupon the following subject, but it is one that com

to have been produced is "Mosaic," a kind of wall mands the attention of the musical profession, es

and floor-painting, executed in small blocks of pecially solo vocalists, viz: The lowering of the musi. cal pitch in England. By the enclosed slips I think

sundry colors. The fact is, that Cimabue, born you will see the importance of the subject.

at Florence in 1240, learned the manipulation of Will you kindly give it your serious consideration cultus. The largest of those given was the Ba and favor me with an answer as to the result of your silica. This pagan construction, of which four

colors from Greek artists summoned from Byzanopinion, and if you favor the lowering of the pitch ?

tium by the Florentine Senate to give instruction My reason for asking the favor of an answer from you teen existed in Rome, was composed of a large is, because being what I might call the "Queen of

in painting. This information indicates plainly Song," all your subjects will of course follow your hall, separated in three longitudinal parts by

that previous development had been withheld for example.

C. J. BISHEXDEX. two rows of columns, with a rotunda at the Here is Mlle. Nilsson's reply:

the want of knowledge in the process of mixing end and a peristyle in front of the building. SIR-In answer to your letter in regard to the lower- | It had been formerly used both as a court-house

and applying the materials. There can be no other ing of the musical pitch in England, I must say that

cause; for, as soon as initiated in the secrets of their we singers consider that change as being of first vocal necessity. If you succeed in effecting it you will be

art, Cimabue surpassed his masters. The little left gy took it in possession, the internal arrangement entitled to our gratitude. We tbink that art also will

ht of his work, consisting of fragments of fresco and owe you some obligations, because, by adopting the French musical pitch, the Italian theatres of London

gum-color painting, shows that although flat and will secure a better execution. Besides, they will stor or judge used to take his seat (cathedra), which!

naïvely done, it is free from Byzantine mannerism, avold unfortunate transpositions, which have for the composers the great inconvenience of impairing the

and really an attempt toward the study of nature. unity of tone of their operas. For my part I am ready

The latter fcature becomes more evident in the for any step or subscription having for its object the adoption in England of the French musical pitch.

works of his pupil Giotto, who chose the noble and CHRISTINE NILSSON. Ithat the actual plan of the Catholic and Episcopal|

piscopal virtuous for the models of his subjects, and was Among the novelties which have been lately churches, and its divisions into choir, sanctuary,

Y, anxious to give them an expression of religious published for the voice and for the piano, we can naves and aisles, are neither arbitrary nor preor.

feeling at the cost of physical beauty. * His sucrecommend to our musical readers two songs of dained, but the result merely of the adaptation to

ation to cessful efforts in that direction cleared the way for F. Gumbert, Ma musette and La Chanson du the new worship of things as they were found. the

. T the deeply felt and grandly conceived art of Fra Printemps, and a waltz, for the voice, Danziam, It means, further, that in order to have Christian

an Angelico and Masaccio, with whom, under the by the Baroness Villy de Rothschild; three pieces templos, it was not deemed immediately necessary

Te patronage of the powerful and art-loving family of for the piano by Marmontel, Impromptu (Op. 103), to alter the form and style of the old pagan edi.

caithe Medici, the Florentine school reached its highAir de Ballet (Op. 102), and Scherzo (Op. 101), fices, but only the spirit which dwelt in them; just

est development. All the important productions and besides a very pretty duet for two pianos and as the expression had been continually modified in

of that period wero exocuted in fresco, which, with two performers, by Lysberg, on the airs of La antique art, without a corresponding transtorm &- the gum-coloring, were the only processes known. Aute enchantée. If we did not have sent us from tion of its formal nature.

After Cimabue, however, the Greek manner of abroad a copy of every new piece of merit, either of one Greek style, to wit, the Byzantine, it may

wall-coloring had come to great perfection, and vocal or instrumental, we should not be able to be said that it changed its form with the expres.

constantly improved with the experiences and infind them, as the publishers of New York, Phila sion. The establishmont of the Eastern empire by

ventions faithfully transmitted from master to delphia and Boston, though they have not the Constantine, in the fourth century, produced all

pupil. slightest scruple about printing music published strange phenomenon among the remnants of a peo- Thus far the efforts of the artist's imagination abroad, do not do so in proper time, and the pieces ple renowned for its power of original conception. In

Al conception. had been limited to subjects illustrative of Chris. published here, as new, have been played for years We allude to the cultivation, at Byzantium, of altid

1.1 a tian faith; but a change of expression followed the in Europe. It would be to their own interest to disciplined art, the aesthetic value of which is no

ch is no classic mania which, as already mentioned, seized be more prompt. We would suggest to them also higher than the Egyptian or Assyrian. Like the the Italian mind. With this change fully operato adopt, uniformly, either the German fingering latter, it was clad in a garment of which the min

he min-ting under Pope Julius II., the Florentine and (which would be more sensible) or the English utest details were regulated by the priesthood, with

Roman schools, in that period of brilliant but one. Some of them use the latter, some the for

* For the Roman Basilica consult De Caumont's qu mer. It embarrasses musical scholars who are but

quasi-licentious civilisation called the age of Leo usical scholars who are but Cours d'Antiquités.

| X., reached unprecedented excellence in all that little advanced, and in such matters uniformity + The remark holds good for a great many rites and ought to be established. As well as in the case of ceremonies of both churches, and of whose origin *Photographs taken directly from the works of these

from the old Roman cultus there can not be the least masters afford ample means for studying the characweights and measures and coin. donbt.

I ter of old Italian art.

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regards grandeur of conception and dignity of meditation and study. The difficulties of their Little Barefoot, a novel by Auerbach translated style in the art of painting. Under the reign of multiplication made every book a real treasure, for this magazine, which seems to promise well, the last-named Pontiff, the most illustrious mem- and so no means were spared to enhance its value; form the allotment of serial fiction. We think the ber of the Medici, Rome became, like Athens that is, intrinsically, by a gold or metal binding, editors have done well in going to a German source under Pericles, the centre where the arts and sci-often enamelled or set with precious stones; and for their new story. There is something in the ences found protection and encouragement. The artistically, with chasing and engraving the cover, better class of German domestic novels which is poets Ariosto and Aretino; Vida and Fracastor in and colored illustrations of the text. About the peculiarly congenial to the tone of thought and letters and science; Machiavelli, Guicciardini and artistic merit of the latter little more can be said feeling in our latitude; and Auerbach's producSadoletto in history and politics, gave splendor to for them than that they are very valuable as his-tions stand, by general allowance, among the first that epoch, which was equally illustrious with the torical and archæological sources, disclosing many of their class.- The Luck of Roaring Camp is a sculpture of Michel Angelo and Cellini, and the points of dress, manners, etc., which would other- short story in which humor and pathos are compainting of Perugino, Raphaël, Andrea del Sarto, wise be unknown.

bined in a very remarkable manner. The strange Caravaggio, Giorgione and Julio Romano.

An art, Christian in expression, but entirely new features of a mining camp in California in the Before considering the peculiar esthetics of this in character and formal conception, was born in early gold-digging days, when the land swarmed art, and without referring for the present to those the North of Europe during the thirteenth cen- with wild adventurers, outcasts and fugitives from of the Veronese and Venitian schools, let us see tury, simultaneously with the Ogival style* of all nations, afford a rich field for the display of what had been done among the other nations of architecture. Raised in a part of Europe free of that peculiar wit which seems to belong to the the European continent. Under feudal rule, as the pagan traditions and the numerous vestiges of Pacific slope; and the sad fate of the poor little long as ignorance reigned supreme and right was antique art, which in Italy had left an indelible Luck and his rough friend, is told in few words, to the mightiest, when Gaul and Germany were mark on the modern art-productions, it developed but with real and deep feeling.-From the Pall ravaged and kept in a constant blaze by the petty itself from the stem, nursed by the thoughtful, Mall Gazette they extract a bit of advice to Eng. wars of merciless nobles, when the man of thought both gay and sombre, highly individual mind of lishmen How to treat Americans, which we think had to seek refuge in the convent for his studies, the Teutonic race. At once it took a direction of rather a work of supererogation. American genand while the peaceable, useful pursuits of life which the results were the reverse of those ob- tlemen are pretty sure to be treated as gentlemen were almost universally treated with contempt, we tained in antique art. Indeed, upon close analy-in all circles that the Pall Mall Gazette reaches; can not expect to find among the Northern popu- sis, we find that the great aim of Greek æsthetics and American boors are not likely to be concilialations even a desire of cultivating the delicate was unity; therefore Greek art, in its different ted and refined by any amenities.- Pechnazi the arts. Religious and civil architecture and its in-phases of development, was always highly system- Chamois Hunter is a very laughable and graphic separable companion, sculpture, had been culti-atic. As we noticed before, it soon went to pro- bit of Münchausenism. Several Reviews, of which vated, nearly without interruption, in Gaul as well | portion the human form, and was every ready to we single out for especial praise one on James as in Italy. As early as the eighth century a very adopt as prototypes a few artistic conceptions more Parton's Smoking and Drinking, some well-chosen characteristic style was developed in both coun- generally admired; it did not even hesitate to in- poetry, and the usual miscellany complete the list. tries, known as the primitive Roman,* which in its fer from those productions the laws of the beautisecondary and tertiary stages (thirteenth century) ful which should guide the artist, even despite his The Atlantic Monthly.-This magazine, as usual, has left remarkable specimens, the beauty of which individual sentiment. Moreover, with the artist's puts forth its greatest strength in its more purely in boldness of construction and naïvely fantastic eyes constantly fixed on grandeur, beauty, and intellectual articles. Its best writers are often ornamentation, is better appreciated since the grace, almost every production of Greek art and brilliant, but almost always cold and clear. The prejudices have been removed which so long ex-poetry appears like a single great pathetic effort, paper which strikes us as of most importance, is isted against everything pertaining to what were without anything like a diversion on which to re-called A New Chapter of Christian Evidences, a styled the "dark ages.".

pose the mind. The same obseryations may be piece of remarkably firm and precise expression, Till late in the twelfth century nothing seems to more or less applied to the works of Italian art embodying, if not novel views, at least an original have been done in the line of painting, except some till Raphaël and Michel Angelo.

mode of stating them. The author's first thesis is decorative coloring in the Byzantine manner. The As a whole, Greek art is, in our opinion, like a that every other religion is ethnic, that is fitted to only mediaeval production which can strictly be tragedy of Racine, beautiful from first to last, yet one peculiar race alone; while Christianity is uniclassed under that head is the so-called art of illu- it lacks the richness of contrasts and the mental versal, and from its own nature adapted to all mination, or the colored illustration of valuable and physical diversity of real life which is so mankind. His second thesis is that "the ethnic books and missals. If difficult to ascertain the date abundantly met in the works of Shakspeare and religions are one-sided, each containing a truth of of its birth, there is no lack of evidence to show Schiller, and in all the other chief productions of its own, but wanting some corresponding truth," that it was extensively practiced in Byzantium the modern era.

while Christianity "is complete on every side." since the time of the Emperor Justinian. Its ori

His illustration of this, by opposing Brahmanism, gin, doubtless, is due to the scarcity of books, the


the religion of the infinite, with the motire of reproduction of which, done by copyists, was ne

piety, to Buddhism, the religion of the finite, with cessarily very slow. In an age of so general igno


the motive of morality; the system of Confucius, rance of letters that even barons, unable to write

The New Eclectic.-We can only repeat what

founded on patient conservatism, to that of Zorotheir names, acknowledged engagements with the hilts of their swords, the patient labor of copying

| aster, on active propagandism; the cultus of Nawe have so often before said of the judgment and good taste which characterize this excellent mag

ture in Egypt, to that of Man in Greece, is ingenicould only be done in the place where mental cul

azino. Indeed it ought to be good, drawing as it

Jously made, and is perhaps as well supported as & turc found shelter and protection—that is, in the

generalisation of the kind, where so many of the convent-by the monks, who were almost the sole does upon the first literary sources in the world

| principal facts are unknown to us, can well be. possessors of the skill required for this work. This for its supply. Keeping up the feature with which

From this point he shows how Christianity gathers accounts for the strong Byzantine resemblance it commenced the new year, of giving brief sketches,

into itself the vital elements from all these, and which is met in the illuminations from the Caro

with portraits, of eminent men, we are this month
presented with an engraving of John Bright, and

thus becomes a pleroma or fulness, the crowning lingian period. Indeed, the religious orders did if it is as good as a likeness as it is as a piece of

and completing faith of the world. Objections not originate in Western Europe; they were trans

might be urged to this, which, as we are not theoengraver's work, the great Liberal leader is a betplanted from Greece, truly with the more militant

logians, we shall not attempt. One point, howaim of converting the barbarians to the Gospel,

ter-looking man than we had supposed. A sketch
of his character and talents is inclosed with notices

ever, we will touch. Where is the general or but otherwise in the traditional form, † to facilitate of Mr. Gladstone and Mr. Mill, in a paper en

typical Christianity referred to, to be found? * A more proper name for this style, as regards its titled The Liberal Triumvirate of England.

Does not, in actual fact, the ethnical element special and very artistic development in Gaul, would

always impress itself upon Christianity as it exists be the Gallic. In reality, however, it is a derivation

in practice ? Admitting the grand fundamental from the Latin, and for that reason, probably, the French archæologists gave it the name of "Roman,"

doctrines of the Faith to be the same among all in order to show its parentage. soldiers marking time, and the commencement of

Christians, is not the Christianity of Northern and + The Greek, Basilius the Great, Bishop of Cæsarea, and one of the Church-fathers is the founder of the ledict, and of the Egyptian ascetic St. Pacomes. Louis Protestant Europe different from that of the muutus first religious community on the borders of the Iris. the Good-natured made him chief of all the religious met A. D. 357. In the beginning of the sixth century St. communities of the empire.

not merely in certain doctrines and rights, but in Benedict founded on the Mont Cassin the first West * This style is more generally, but very improperly its character, coloring, induence? Is not the ern monastery. Another St. Benedict was celebrated called the “Gothic," which qualification leads the Christianity of our Northern States, even, oh in Gaul as a reformer of monastic abuses in the ninth | mind to imply that it was derived from the Goths, century, and surnamed of Aniane, from a river in with whom it never could have had anything to do, Languedoc, on the borders of which he founded a coming, as it did, into existence nearly six centurieslern States ? If so, Mr. Clarke's arguments only

Cola's grouments only monastery where he applied new rules, in which were after the last traces of Gothic nationality had been combined those of St, Basilius, of the Italian St. Ben-leffaced by the followers of the Crescent,

point to a certain hypothetical type of Christiabi


from which he has eliminated all that is adverse to responds to “it is struck." Mr. White's great will I learn a language,'' once replied a wit, on his views, and preserved all that is confirmatory.-original argument which nobody has yet pointed being advised to study German-"never will I. The paper on Co-operative Housekeeping is very out that "it makes the verb to be an auxiliary to learn a language in which you can say :-'Shut well written; but no amount of good writing can itself,” is altogether a mistake. He does not see the door open, and tie the dog loose!'” The “Inconvince us that not even the magnificent advan- that the substantive verb "it is” is an entirely dif-structions” of the Committee to the candidate comtages promised-palaces resplendent with sculp-ferent thing from the passive voice'is struck;'' and bine the ideal with the practical in a manner that ture and painting and resonant with music, inhabi- yet this distinction lies at the very root of gram-is beyond praise.-The Shadow of Fate is a bit of ted by a "splendid society presided over by ladies mar. There is no logical reason why the auxiliary sensationalism of surpassing stupidity.-Our Profamous for their beauty, their wit or their tact" should not accompany the passive as well as the vincialisms exhibits a curious collection of local which is to be “the crown of our new civilisation,"active voice.-The paper on The Horse-growers idioms and peculiar phrases, among which we find can compensate for the loss of home-of our own is full of interest, and does no more than justice to none assigned as peculiar to Maryland. By the peaceful fireside—the little kingdom of love and that noble result of selection and breeding, the way, are there any special Maryland provincialthe sweet household affections

American trotting horse.-Mr. Reade's new novelisms? Is not the general average speech of the "Qui m'est une province, et beaucoup davantage." promises to be full of interest.--The ill-fated Ex- people in this State purer, as regards both idiom We Southerners are a people in whose blood is an

Empress, Carlotta, has the misfortune to be the and pronunciation, than that of any other? Our ineradicable affection for localisation and auton

subject of a sketch by Mr. Abbott. The remain- own observation leads to this conclusion. We omy. We love the Family, the organic cell of ing papers are of moderate interest.

throw this out as a question, hoping for an answer the highest civilisation, more than the State; the

from some one qualified to give it.-The serial ficState, our immediate sovereign and general parent,

Putnam's for this month we think hardly up to tion we have not read, but the name of Marlitt more than the Nation. The party of Progress

crece its usual mark; though in saying this we pass no may be considered a guarantee of a good story. may melt and re-cast, in the crucibles of their

opinion on the fiction, which we have not read. The German novelists are in favor with our magaalchemy, the Family into the Phalanstery and the

M. de Lacharme's article called The Interoceanic zinists.-Two sentences from The Revolution in

Canal-Route is a valuable contribution to knowl-Cuba will spare us the necessity of criticism either States into the Empire, but we will resist it step by step; and when that resistance ceases, it will be

edge. It appears that in 1865 certain ancient doc- of the matter, motive, or style of this paper. "Let because Southerners, as a people, have ceased to

umonts, accompanied by a map, were found in the the red and yellow flag go down-the accursed be.-Our Painters is an extremely disagreeable,

Spanish archives, giving an account of a practica- colors of blood and gold, the dishonored colors of dull and egotistic article; Howard at Atlanta is a

ble pass in the mountains permitting the construc- effete Spain, false to liberty and to herself. In its

tion of a canal across the Isthmus of Darien, place shall arise the new flag of the Republic of bit of rubbish about the negro, the most wretched

which pass the authorities were anxious to re-Cuba, legended with the memories of Spain's bittheme for poetry that poets and poetasters-from

discover and secured the services of M. de La- ter past."--The remaining papers are comme ça. Whittier, who can do better, to Duganne, who can't-ever scribbled doggerel upon. The verses

charme for the purpose. This exploration was en

tirely successful; and a map is given of the route Among the green, yellow, orange and scarlet "He listened and heard the children of the poor and long enslaved,

recommended by this engineer. The river Tuyra, | liveries with which the monthlies delight to beReading the words of Jesus,

which flows into the Bay of San Miguel on the deck themselves, our homely old friend The Old Singing the songs of David'

Pacific coast, would be used for about one-fourthGuard is conspicuous by its plainness. But there remind us of the Shaker hymn sung in accompani

of its distance, and the canal would then proceed is both good sense and pleasant reading under its ment to their saltatory devotions

in a straight line, in a direction E. 20° S. to the Indian unattractive cover and in its blunt type. The "I will take nimble steps,

village of Paya, near which is the passage between Proofs of the Plurality of the Human Species we I'll be a David; I'll show Michal twice

the Cordilleras and the Andes. From this points have only glanced at, having long since settled How he behaved.''

lit would be continued without difficulty to the that question in our own mind, and not observing Perhaps Mr. Whittier took it for his model. river Atrato, which flows into the Gulf of Darien. here any argument which is not already familiar

The plan was laid before the U. S. Government, to all who have given the subject any considera- The Galaxy is about equal to the average, but and received favorable attention, and a Mr. Spoon-tion.-Mr. Watkinson's article on The Ethnology not better. Will Murder Out? is a paper in confu- er with two gentlemen of the U. S. Coast Survey, of the Bible contains important and novel views tation of the popular and proverbial notion. In Messrs. Robinson and Holter, came out for the of the primeval races of mankind as indicated in truth all the murder that outs is about in the pro- purpose of examining the route more fully. The the Hebrew Scriptures, and he supports his views portion of three out of four known homicides. Of sudden illness of Mr. Robinson, however, and with, as far as we are able to judge, a very sufficient wilful and deliberate murders, we doubt if much some disagreement between Mr. Spooner and Sr. weight of learning. Without expressing an opinmore than half is ever fixed upon the perpetrators. de Gogorza, the originator of the plan, put a check ion upon the validity of his argument, we comMr. Crapsey, in confirmation of his views, gives to the enterprise. M. de Lacharme publishes this mend the paper to the attention of thoughtful the particulars of four very strange and mysterious paper for the purpose of putting his discovery on readers.-Mr. Simms gives us the opening chapmurders, accompanied with unusually unaccount- record, and to serve as a guide for any future at-ters of a story called "The Mountain Legend,"' in able circumstances, of comparatively recent oc- tempt with the same object.--Mr. Towle contrib- his peculiar vein, which will probably please the currence. Of these the Ricard caso is one of the utes a moderately interesting sketch of Mr. Glad-numerous admirers of his works.-Of the poem most extraordinary that we ever heard of. The stono, whom he asserts, correctly enough, to be called Thirty-two, a specimen will suffice :-English Positivists gives an account of a group "drifting," but on the question whether it is in the

"Let England say God Save the King,

Or Queen, as it may be; or clique of Englishmen such as Frederick Har-right or the wrong direction, we beg to differ from

I sing a nobler sentiment rison, Richard Congreve, Professor Beesly and Mr. Towle.- Napoleon at Gotha is an incident in

For proud America!” (“Amerikee"?) some others, who are followers of the doctrines--the career of the first Emperor, which is probably | Political Satires under George III. should have for they can not be called a philosophy-of Comte. apocryphal, but is related in fluent pleasing verse | been twice as full, with the material at the writer's When we remember that these men have appa- | by Bayard Taylor.-An Imaginary Conversation command, especially since the appearance of Mr. rently constituted themselves the champions of is supposed to take place between a "Preacher,” | Wright's work.-In Philological Burglary we savagery and brutality wherever it is to be found, I a "Soldier,” and “The Chief of Men,” which lat-have a sharp but most richly deserved censure of that they were fierce in the prosecution of Gov- ter modest appellativo is applied to General Grant. the practice pursued by men who may be scholars, ernor Eyre for the prompt decision with which he | So modest a title for the President Elect? Why and ought to be gentlemen, of foisting their own trampled out the horrible outbreak of a set of not "The Autocrat of the Universe ?”

peculiar views, and even deliberate falsehoods ferocious semi-brutes in Jamaica, and saved the

and perversions of history, for partisan purposes, colony from death and worse than death; and that Lippincott's Magazine strikes us as not so good into works of education. Even worse than this, At least one of their number advocated, or de- as usual. Hans Breitmann, however, of whom Mr. they deliberately pervort and falsify the text of fended, or palliated, that most fiendish system of Leland has made a real person, as individual as standard works, thus gaining for their doctrines organized assassination in Sheffield-remembering Mr. Micawber, shows to great advantage as a Pol- and assertions a borrowed weight, and making the these things, we can only say that this "small, res- itician, in a poem in the good old measure of the authors apparently give their sanction to stateolute, aggressive body" of men can not possibly | Nibelungen Lied. A disadvantage, not a defect, ments which they would have indignantly repube too small.-Mr. Richard Grant White con- of these capital pieces is, that to understand their diated. Webster's Dictionary, for instance, though tributes a paper very much too long on the phrase humor fully, the reader must be acquainted with very far from being a classical authority for the "being done." The phrase is an awkward one and German. What will he make of "fore shlog," English language, is a work of immense research the best authority is against it; but for all that it unless he knows that Vorschlag is a proposal; or and learning, and has a vast circulation, So mag. is logically correct. As “it is striking'' corres- how see the joke of "tying a dog loose," without nificent an instrument for insidious propagandism ponds to “it strikes," so it is being struck" cor-I knowing the German idiom losbinden? "Never was not to be neglected, and accordingly a "Re.

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vised Edition” was prepared under the direction not despair of seeing a Corpus Scriptorum Afro- asked for water 'that was not burning: it must of the Faculty of Yale College. Here is a speci- rum before we close our earthly pilgrimage. not be burning.' Perhaps he might revive after men of their "revision.” Webster gives as his

quenching his thirst: I had so firm & faith in the definition of the word Congress :


inexhaustibility of his strength. "The assembly of Senators and Representatives of From J. H. Waite & Co., 138 Baltimore street:- Thus I tried to encourage myself as I hastened the United States of America, according to the pres- The Shakspeare Treasnry of Wisdom and Knowledge. carefully to the ruin with the water in my bat, ent Constitution or political compact, by which they are united in a federal republic.”

By Charles W. Stearns, M. D. New York: G. P. Put- and from dread of stumbling scarcely cast a glance

nam & Co. 1869. The revisers make Webster define it:

l in the direction of the beech-wood, over which

Studies in Shakspeare. A Book of Essays. By Mary the flames were still glowing. While still at some "The assembly of Senators and Representatives of Preston. Philadelphia: Claxton, Remsen & Haffelthe people of a NATION, especially of a republic, for the ang e inger. 1869.

distance, I thought I heard Herr von Zehren's purpose of enacting laws and considering matters of NATIONAL interest, and constituting the chief legisla- From Jas. S. Waters, North Charles street:

voice calling my name, then resounded a shrill live body of the NATION."

Madame de Staël: An Historical Novel. By Amely | laugh, and as I rushed up in terror, I saw the un. The idea of our Government being founded on a Bölte. Translated from the German by Theodore happy man standing at the entrance to the exca

I was present in the minds of Johnson. New York: G. P. Putnam & Son. 1860. vation, his face turned to the fire, gesticulating the framers of the Constitution, must be sup

| The Shakspeare Treasury of Wisdom and Knowledge. I wildly with his uninjured arm, and now pouring

"By Charles W. Stearns, M. D. New York: G. P. Put-out every pressed at every cost. Webster defines compact: name son. 1862

ut out execrations, now bursting into frenzied laugh"An agreement; a contract between parties; a word From Geo. Lycett, 35 N. Charles street:

ter, or calling for water 'that was not burning. I that may be applied, in a general sense, to any cove

I drew him in deeper between the walls, and made nant or contract between individuals: but it is more Planchette: The Despair of Science. Boston: Roberts generally applied to agreements between nations and Bros.

him a kind of bed of the heath that grew thickly States, as treaties and confederacies. So the Constitu

around, over which I spread my coat. Upon retion of the United States is a political contract between the States; a national COMPACT,"

HAMMER AND ANVIL. covering from a brief swoon into which he again The revisers (under Webster's name) define it:

fell, he drank deeply of the water, and then A NOVEL,

thanked me in a voice, the gentle tone of which "An agreement between parties; a covenant or contract;-either of individuals or of nations."


singularly contrasted with his previous shrill voWhat term, consistent with the decorum due to [Translated from the German for The Statesman.] ciferations, and deeply moved me. our own self-respect, can be applied to such con


'I fancied,' he said, 'that you too bad abandoned duct?

Somo feeling of this kind must have been me, and I must perish miserably here like a

Lin the breast of the unhappy man at my side. wounded stag. Is it not strange that the last Hours at Home gives us some pleasant reading, for the said once or twice, as we clambered up Zehren who is worthy of the name, here, from the in delightful typography.-The biographical no- the ravine, up which a steep path led between ancient fortress of his ancestors, now a pile of tice of Emile de Girardin, is an extremely inter- I thick bushes from the strand to the top of the ruins, must watch the house that later generations esting and well-written sketch of that eminent cliffs, Thank God, it is dark here at least! built, consumed by the flames? How did it take journalist and political writer.-Books and Read-| During the ascent he had several times com- fire? What do you suppose? I have many other ing contains some sound and valuable counsels for plained of his arm, the pain of which had now I questions to ask you, but I feel so strangely, the young; and Tally-ho is a portrait of Reynard lerown excessive, and at last he was scarcely able such strange fancies pass through my head. I the Fox, in Professor Schele de Vere's sprightly to move forward, although I supported him as never let thus berore: an

I supported him as never felt thus before: and my arm too is very style.—The other papers, as far as we have looked well as I could. I hoped that when we reached painful. I think it is all over with the Wild Zehat them, seem to be agreeable light reading. the top, and he had rested a little, the strength of ren--all over, all over! Let me lie here, and die

which he had already given such extraordinary quietly. How long will it be before the fire eats Our Young Folks opens with the continuation proof, would return; but no sooner had we gained its way through the

sooner had we cained its way through the subterranean passage, and the of the really delightful Story of a Bad Boy.-The the plateau than he sank fainting into my

teau than he sank fainting into m arme Jold Zehrendorf flies into the air ? interesting paper on Glass Cutting and Ornamen- True, he instantly recovered and declared that it! Thus reason and madness contended in his fe. tation, gives a pleasing account of a curious and was but a momentary weakness, and that the at-/vered brain. Now he spoke connectedly and inimportant handicraft.-Hannibal at the Altar is tack was over; but still he could hardly stand. telligently of what was next to be done, as soon as the most proposterous piece of bombast that ever and I was glad when I succeeded at last in getting he had recovered his strength a little, and then he our eyes rested upon; and it is unpardonable in him to the ruin, where an excavation, half filled suddenly saw Jock Swart lying before him on the the Editors not to preface it with a note stating with rubbish, between the walls, offered at least ground, and again it was ne that it was inserted to give their young readers an some protection from the east wind, which blew the brother

heir young readers an come protection from the east wind which blev the brother of his wife, whose heart his sword had example of the most vicious style that it is possible sharp and bitter cold over the ridge.

I pierced. And yet-and I have often reflected upon to write. As it lacks this word of preface, we re-! Here I begged him to sit down, while I de. this, while pondering over the singular character joice to see that the publishers prohibit its repub-scended the ravine where about half-way from the of this man these terrible memories recurring in lication. The other papers, so far as examined, top there was a tolerably abundant spring, at

his delirium were accompanied with no words that seem well suited to boys and girls.

which we had made a short pause in our ascent, to indicated the slightest remorse. On the contrary, get him some water, as he complained of a burn

they had been rightly dealt with, and so should it Packard's Monthly gives us a readable paper oning thirst. Fortunately, on account of the rain. I be with all that ventured to resist his will. If they Printers, their Character and Characteristics, in had put on in the morning the oil-skin hat which

had burned his house, all castles and villages for which some amusing anecdotes are told of the I had on at my arrival at Zehrendorf, but had not leagues around should be ravaged by the flames. humors of the fraternity.--Edwin de Leon would sinco worn, as Constance expressed such a dislike

He would see if he could not punish his vassals as mako our hair stand on end with his revelations of to it. This hat now served me for a bucket and he thought fit, if they had dared to rise in revolt. The Opera Bouffe, if anybody's hair ever did was glad when I succeeded with some difficulty in

He would chastise them until they howled for stand on end, which we don't believe.-Horace Alling it to the brim. I hurried back as fast as I mercy. Such utterances of his haughty spirit, exGreeley enlightens us as to his views of Education was able without spilling the precious Auid. full of alted to madness by the fever that was raging in as it should Be, in a "practical” paper, which is anxiety for the man to whom my heart drew me

bis veins, contrasted frightfully with the utter well enough, but only looks at ono side of the all the more powerfully, as calamity smote him

wretchedness of our position. While in fancy he question. Education is something considerably with such terrible blows. What would become of was charging

oh terrible blows. What would become of was charging through burning towns that his more than Mr. Greeley, intelligent man as he is, him if he were not able soon to continue the flight? wrath had gi

< Twain, in his rough, | After what had happened at the edge of the lering with ague, and his teeth chattered audibly. caustic style, tells Commodore Vanderbilt some morass, no exertion would be spared to take us,

The cold, which grew ever keener toward day. wholesome truths.- A Bird's Eye View of Things and that an amply sufficient force could be em

/break, seemed to pierce to my marrow, and as gives a most heart-sickening picture of crime and ployed, was but too certain. The second pass had

often as the unhappy man whose head rested upon misery in New York.

been beset by soldiers : that I had plainly seen my lap, ceased for a while his ravings, my head How long a time would elapse ere they came up 5

sank forwards or sideways to the cold wall against The Riverside attracts by the beauty of its illus- here? If we were to escape, we must be at least

which I was leaning; and with ever more painful trations and letter-press. There were no such six ore

no şuch six or eight miles from here before morning, and I magazines for young people in our time, eheu! I thought with a shudder how he had twice fainted pressed me with leaden weight. What wo now so long ago. The opening paper is n graceful

ilin my arms, and the wild words in which he had come of us if my strength gave way? Indeed fable by Hans Christian Andersen.-- Negro Fables

what would become of us as it was? We could we presume is intended as an initiatory movement

Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year not remain thus: I was afraid that he would die

1868, in the Clerk's ofilce of the United States District towards a compilation of negro literature. We dol Court of Maryland.

in my arms if I could get no assistance. And yet


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