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NOTES OF THE WEEK......
then determining whether it will be safe, in the been equally impressed upon his assignment of EDITORIAL ARTICLES: Reynard the Fox.....................
words of Mr. Morton, “to strike the fetters from commanders to the military divisions and departThe Reconstructed Cabinet.
396 his hands” and “give him a chance to make a ments of the country. The restoration of SheriThe New Leaders of the British House of Lords...396 The Opera Bouffe ........ 396 clean sweep."
dan to Louisiana has been made the subject of The Ninth Peabody Concert-Prume.
........397 The Legitimate Drama
comment everywhere. It was an act of retribuArt.
Whatever be the decision of the Senate uponltion which the New York Tribune long since REVIEWS:
the Committee's substitute for the House bill to Planchette ...
threatened would signalise the President's earliest Earth-Closets: How to Make them and how to repeal the Tenure-of Office act, it is evident that Use them.. .....
nat exercise of Executive power; and thousands at Memoirs of Baron Bunsen
the discussion has already produced something the South, who had hoped for some practical reCORRESPONDENCE....
I like dissension among the harmonious majority. alization of the peace which, it was promised, HAMMER AND ANVIL. A Novel by Friedrich Spielhagen. Vol. II.-Chapters I. and II.........
399 | When grave Senators enter into earnest competi- I would dawn with the inauguration of the new POETRY:
tion as to who among them should express the Administration, grew sick with disappointment A London Lyric......................
.............402 News SUMMARY...............
402 greatest confidence in the President, it is not prob..........402
It is not prob- when the telegram announced a return of the seCONGRESSIONAL SUMMARY......
| able that those who are charged, because of their yere rule which had formerly oppressed and deTHE MARKETS.. opposition to repeal, with distrust of his future
graded them. But the programme is again THE STATESMAN will be mailed to Subscribers conduct, will be slow to repel the allegation with
changed. Sheridan will not resume the proconout of Town, and furnished to Newsdealers in the feeling. Thus, Mr. Howard is reported to have sulate of Louisiana but is assigned to the miliCity every Friday evening : Subscription price grown quite indignant in his protest against "the Itary division of Missouri. Why this revocation Three Dollars per annum-payable in advance. (imputations thrown out by Senators, that those of the former orders has been made does not apPersons residing in the city can be served by Car- who opposed the repeal of the law felt any distrust pear, nor is it likely that any explanation will be riers, by prepaying at the Office.
of the President." This disclaimer he was careBooks intended for Review should be sent in
care given, since military orders are usually left to in
|ful to emphasise by adding a few rounded periods early in the Week to receive prompt notice. Ad.
terpret themselves. We would be glad to find in vertisements must be left at the Office on or before
of the usual stereotyped eulogy, which is so fa- lit evidence of a different policy toward the South Thursday, otherwise they will be too late for inser
miliar to all who read Radical papers or listen to thont
listen to than the original assignment of commanding offition in that Week's paper.
the harangues of Radical orators. By this helcers indicated. It is true that Louisiana, being a Communications should be addressed to may also have designed to administer to Mr. Fes-In
es, mere department, does not afford a command comTHE STATESMAN, senden a word of rebuke, since that Senator had
mensurate with the rank of a Lieutenant General; P. O. Box 1003, Baltimore.
just before, expressed his great disgust with the but the Military Division of the South, to which
tinued slobbering over the victories of Gen-General Halleck has been assigned, and which eral Grant, which attended every discussion in embraces Louisiana is of equal dignity with that which his name was involved.
of the Missouri. We are remitted, therefore, to The Tenure-of-Office act is one of those ghosts We are glad to note, apropos of this debate,
| conjecture, the accuracy of which can only be which will not down. Although its repeal is de- that Mr. Fessenden has not forgotten the lessons
tested by events. In the meantime, the edict of
banishment issued against General Hancock remanded by the voice of the people, uttered through of statesmanship which were taught in the purer |
"mains unrevoked. a large majority of the House of Representa- and better days when he first entered the Senate. tives, the Senate hesitates, and seeks to compro- His ideas of legislative duty ought to be impressed From the instruction of midshipmen, Admiral mise. The Judiciary Committee clings to its re- upon his colleagues who occupy-but alas! do not Porter has been transferred to the more important port, and insists upon the suspension of the act fill the places of the great men who have passed and distinguished duty of playing dry nurse to until the next session, instead of its absolute re- away. His remark, that the President is a Gen- the new Secretary of the Navy. He is presumed peal. There is some special purpose lying at the eral no longer, but a President-and that he would to know everything in reference to naval affairs, base of this extraordinary decision of the Com- be more than mortal if he should not commit of which Mr. Borie is ignorant, from which premittee. Mr. Trumbull declared, in the discussion grave blunders-shows that the glitter of gold sumption the most skeptical must infer that the of Tuesday, that the suspension of the act had lace and the tinsel of epaulets have not confused measure of the Admiral's knowledge is limitless. been recommended "in view of the great confi- his ideas of Executive responsibility. It must But such an inference rises to the dignity of condence which the people have in the present Ad-have awakened unaccustomed echoes in the Senate viction, when we analyse the first series of general ministration.” Does that “great confidence" go Chamber, when Mr. Fessenden declared that, in orders issued by the Navy Department. They no farther than to trust the President for a few his consideration of matters of legislation, he did bear the impress of a vigorous and practised months? Is it the object of Mr. Trumbull, and not care who was President; that he did not re- mind. Only the experience of many years of those who act with him, to give General Grant gard the office or the incumbent, but looked only arduous service could have suggested theni. free license to remove from office, and when he to his own duty as a man and a legislator, to his There have been gross malversations in our navyshall have filled all vacancies with such persons as conscience, and the interests and welfare of his yards. Improper signs, subversive of all disthe Senate may approve, then apply the shackles constituents. Words like these do not often fall. Icipline and organization, have been erected. These of the law and prevent him from removing the in these latter days, from the lips of those who are to be taken down, and instead of the pretennew appointees? Is there any reason why the sit in the high places of power. They are the tious word "Bureau," the simple designation of suspension should not apply to the whole term of utterances of a broad and conscientious statesman- "Office'' or “Store" is to be painted in regulaan Adıninistration in which such great confi- ship-now almost traditional-something of which tion letters. Nor are surgeons, paymasters or dence' is reposed? The proposition of the Com. has survived in Mr. Fessenden, though dimmed engineers to be permitted to wear the uniform of mittee, we are forced to infer, means a lurking and degraded by the alloy of partisanship. a higher grade than their assimilated rank will distrust of the President. Or, at best, it signifies
authorise. Moreover, those staff officers are to that degree of doubt which suggests the propriety. The instability which attended General Grant's walk humbly in the wake of their executive of putting him on probation for six months, and original organization of his Cabinet, seems to have brethren-and are not hereafter to attempt a pre
Notes of the Week.
cedence which it appears their aspiring ambition | his demand, that men shall be sent to the South any Legislature shall be sufficient, without regard has led them to assume. With such evidence of "whose very names shall mean vengeance-to the number the Constitution of a State may intelligent zeal, can any grumbler doubt the wis- deep, terrible and most effective vengeance," by prescribe to be necessary to a quorum. The dom which has given to the Navy Department the fact that already one-distinguished for his answer to all this is very plain. The course of such a chief as Mr. Borie--and to Mr. Borie such severe and relentless exercise of arbitrary author- the Indiana Democrats was not revolutionary. It a mentor as Admiral Porter ?
ity-has been sent back to renew a rule which was simply an act of counter-revolution, fully
Phillips and the disciples of his school were swift justified by necessity—a necessity forced upon Indeed, reform in the naval service seems to
to approve as approaching the vindictive standard them by the revolutionary and radical action of a been commenced in earnest. Secretary Borie,
borle, they prescribed. And yet we can not permit our-centralising and usurping Congress. During the under the tutelage of Admiral Porter, hasselves to regard this significance as more than discussion of the Suffrage Amendment the fair evidently devoted the entire resources of his in
seeming. The President whom he invokes to in- proposition was made, that it should be submittellect and experience to the remedy of ancient
augurate the reign of the bayonet and the halter, ted, not to the existing Legislatures in the wrongs. The days of Benbow and Trunnion havelis
mion have is a soldier to whom must be attributed some- several States, but to those to be next elected. passed away forever, and to them has succeeded [thing of a soldier's generosity towards a conquered This would have secured an expression of the an era of radical changes and improvements.
rovements. enemy; a feeling naturally accompanied by that popular judgment upon the amendment. Of Henceforth, “no ship shall carry more than two
contempt which all brave men feel for blatant course, a proposition of this character was boats' davits on each quarter." It is true the
true the non-combatants, who fight only with fierce words promptly rejected. The sentiment in most of boats may be hung double, but if this cannot be
cannot be -and, like the vultures of the camp, grow cour- the Northern States had been too plainly indicated done, they must be stored on board; and if that ageous only when the battle is over and the field to leave the fate of this pet measure of Radical. be impossible, the matter must be brought to the is covered with the prostrate and doing
ism in doubt. The organised majorities in the notice of the Department. We congratulate the
present Legislatures might be counted upon withcountry that a long-endured evil is at last to be The Protectionist Secretary of the Treasury
out apprehension; but a full discussion of this removed. There have been too many "boats' whom General Grant has substituted for Mr. l
IT: last effort to farther degrade the sovereignty of davits' on the quarters of our gallant men-of-Stewart, his Free-trade first love, is the same Mr.
le wr; the States, before the people, could only result war. It is better that boats should be stored Boutwell who originated the famous bargain and a
and disastrously to Radical purposes. The appeal to aboard; and whatever difficulties commanders of intrigue in 1850, by which he was made Governor
the people, which a Republican Congress did not squadrons in far distant seas may encounter, in of Massachusetts and Charles Sumner was sent to
.Co dare to risk, the Democratic members of the Inadopting this alternative, will soon be solved by the United States Senate. In that year, parties dia,
ear, partes diana Legislature determined should be made, so referring them to Secretary Borie and his ad- in the Massachusetts Legislature were so divided far as
were so divided far as their own State is concerned, and this, and mirable preceptor. We rejoice to learn, too, that that the Democrats and Free-soilers combined no me
ne no more, is the extent of their alleged revolutionthe injurious custom of covering the berth-decks were more than equal to the Whig members. Nolaro
ary conduct. of ships with shellac, is to be abolished. It has candidate having been chosen by the people, it proved of great detriment to the service, as has became the duty of the Legislature to elect the The precise condition of affairs in Cuba can also that other demoralising habit of painting Governor. Mr. Boutwell had been the Demo- not be learned with certainty. Little faith can spars yellow. In the future, yards will be painted cratic nominee for that office, and he soon decided | be reposed in the accounts which are published black, and junior officers will touch their caps to what his "little game" should be in the contest in the interests of the insurgents; and the official superiors, the grand salutation of “laying on” or before the Legislature. He proposed to the Free-| bulletins promulgated by the authorities are gen"tossing" oars being reserved for commanders of soilers that if they would unite with the Demo- erally regarded with distrust. Apart from this squadrons, naval stations and vessels. It is to be crats in effecting his election, in return, the Demo- confusion as to the respective positions, strength hoped that the work so nobly begun will be prose- crats would join them in sending Mr. Sumner to and success of the contending parties, there cuted with vigor. Whatever fears may have been the Senate. Such was the origin of the latter's seems to be difficulty in determining what were entertained of Secretary Borie's want of experi- long career in the national councils, and such the the causes which originated the rebellion. The ence may now be allayed. With Admiral Porter capacity for political trade and traffic which after- address of the Revolutionary Junta to the Presiat his right hand he can commit no blunder. The wards resulted in Mr. Boutwell's apostacy to dent of the United States declares the movement thorough radical and important reforms which Abolitionism. It is a little singular, by the way, not to be that “of a few discontents, but the grand that wise and gallant officer has already initiated, that the old Democratic organization has furnished and sublime uprising of a people thirsting for give full promise of a complete naval reorganiza- so much of the composite material out of which liberty, and determined to secure to themselves tion which may well alarm John Bull, and silence the Administration has been constructed. To say and their posterity those unquestioned rightsthe muttered thunder of the London Times upon nothing of the President's antecedents, it is stated liberty of conscience and freedom of the indithe Alabama question.'
that, in addition to Mr. Boutwell, General Raw-vidual.” Previous to the revolution in Spain, the
lins and Mr. Cox were Democrats. Mr. Creswell meaning of these words would have been plain Two very distinctly marked classes at the North
represents the original Secessionists, and the enough. But the most enthusiastic sympathiser represent different phases of feeling toward the Douglas
"Douglas Democracy may claim some recognition with Cuban independence is forced to doubt South. One is the combatant-composed of those in the fact that a son of their old leader has been whether, under the infl who signified the strength of their loyalty by
appointed a private Secretary to the President, which have been inaugurated in Spain, and will taking up arms and risking life and limb in the w
We are not aware whether Mr. Borie, in the days inevitably control its future government, every fierce struggles of the war. The other consists of of his shing and mercha
01 of his ships and merchandise, indulged in the result of even successful revolution would not truculent non-combatants, who, having heretofore superfluous luxury of politics. Mr. Fish, we take I have been ultimately ac ventured nothing but words and anathemas, are it is the sole representative, and an honorable All the benefits of reform would have come unwilling that the embers of the strife they one
yone, of the old-fashioned silver gray Whigs. them in good time, and they would have proved kindled should be permitted to die out. The
none the less valuable and permanent, if derived weapons employed to provoke a conflict, all par- We know of no greater absurdity than the out- from the reactionary movements which deposed ticipation in which they were most careful to cry raised against the Democratic members of the Isabella, than if wrought out of the red heat avoid, they continue to use with a malignant pur- Indiana Legislature, because they defeated the of a bloody and useless rebellion. pose to stimulate sectional animosity and arouse ratification of the Constitutional Amendment by bitter and revengeful feeling. Ordinarily, the resigning their seats, thus leaving both branches Mr. Banks has introduced into the House of dyspeptic and atrabilious ravings of Wendell of that body without a quorum. Their action is Representatives, a joint resolution authorising Phillips—the arch-type of this latter class—have denounced as revolutionary by the Radical press; the President to recognise the independence of been received by the Southern journals with si- and Mr. Morton has invoked the omnipotence of Cuba, whenever in his opinion a republican form lence, or at best, with but a word of contemptuous Congress to declare that, in the ratification of of government shall, in fact, have been estaba allusion. But a possible significance is given to Constitutional Amendments, a simple majority of lished. The resolution was referred to the com
mittee on Foreign Affairs, of which Mr. Banks of the other. By the very words which he realized the hopelessness of any ulterior political is chairman, and will undoubtedly be reported employed to express his own apprehension of the aspirations, Mr. Seward has been content to play upon favorably. Mr. Sherman has offered a simi- state of the question, Mr. Seward removed the a subordinate and unimportant part in politics, lar resolution in the Senate, which is likely to whole subject of Slavery and all its attend- which has led to the impression that he has bereceive equally favorable consideration. Coupled ants, beyond the pale or possibility of com- come Conservative, and does not approve or symwith this action, is the semi-authorised statement promise, and indicated the necessity of an ulti- pathize with the extreme ideas and measures of that General Grant sympathises with the objects mate resort to force. There existed, according to his party. A more likely explanation of his of the joint resolution, and rumor declares that him, between the two sections of the country, not silence is the supposition that he knows that he his unofficial sanction has been given to the fitting only a "conflict," but an "irrepressible” one ;-has nothing more to gain. It is the cunning of out of one or two expeditions composed of vol- one which it was useless, therefore, to attempt to the old fox who, if he can not hope longer to unteers from both sections, who propose to join avert. If it be said that in this Mr. Seward was fatten upon the spoils of his neighbors' farmithe insurgents. Whatever foundation there may merely prophetic, we can only answer that it was yards, is satisfied, if he can escape the attention be for this rumor, it is certain that the United one of those prophecies which largely contributed of the hunters, the pursuit of the dogs his States naval forces in the West Indies are to be to its own fulfilment. The same consideration de natural enemies, and the just vengeance of the largely reinforced, with a view, it is announced, prives Mr. Seward of the defence made for some honest folks, whom he has robbed and despoiled. to show the Spanish authorities that the rights of of the illustrious men whose exposure of existing After having been from the first the brains of the American citizens must be regarded. This may social and political abuses in France, in the latter Republican party, the engineer of its great sucbe all very well--but have the commanding officers part of the eighteenth century, and advocacy of cess-after having devoted to its service his talents, of these ships orders to prevent the landing of ex- democratic theories and ideas the tendency of which are unquestionably great, and his labors, peditions from this country upon the Cuban coast? / which they very imperfectly comprehended, paved which have been immense-Mr. Seward's reward The end of these movements--the first step of the way for the Revolution which followed, and has been at the end of his career, to see others which is now taken, may be serious complications raised the storm in which they perished them-reap where he has sown. He will be known herewith Spain, if the rebellion be suppressed; or, selves. Such were Turgot and Malesherbes, who, after while he lives, probably as the Sage of Aushould fortune crown the insurgents with success, in the language of the latter, helped on the Revo- burn, a favorite designation for old politicians the annexation of the island. It is difficult to deter-lution without wishing it, without knowing it.'' who have worn themselves out in the service of mine which result would cost the least in the end. The plea which ascribes to Mr. Seward merely a party, and for whom neither party nor country
prophetic ken of events which subsequently hap-has further use. His conversations with a tranREYNARD THE FOX.
pened, convicts him of deliberately continuing a sient visitor or lion-hunter may occasionally find A day or two after the accession of the new policy of agitation upon the Slavery question, with their way into the public prints. A letter now President, Mr. Seward retired from the office of full knowledge where such agitation would end. and then on public affairs may remind the public Secretary of State, which he had held since thel It can not be forgotten that at a later day, when of his existence. He will fill the place made beginning of Mr. Lincoln's administration in the conflict' was actually impending after the vacant by the death of the Sage of Kinderhook,
the American statesman whom in character he 1861. It has been said that this was the longest election of Mr. Lincoln and the secession of some term for which the office has ever been held by of the Southern States, but before hostilities had
most resembles. After that-among living men one individual, but that is a mistake. Mr. Madi- actually commenced, and while moderate and pa
| he will be forgotten; and history will record his son, who was Mr. Jefferson's Secretary of State, triotic men of both sections were laboring for
name among those who have been distinguished
* without being either good or great. and John Quincy Adams, who filled the same peace and seeking to find some means of adjustoffice during the long administration of Mr. Mon- ment--when all eyes were turned upon Mr. Sew- THE RECONSTRUCTED CABINET roe, held it for eight years, the game length of ard, whose influence with his own party at that The labors of our Cabinet-making President time as Mr. Seward. Here, however, the parallel time was paramount, he made a speech in the are, it is to be hoped, for the present ended. Any ends. Mr. Madison and Mr. Adams each stepped Senate on the issues of the day, and said-noth-more changes, and he will from the office of Secretary of State into that of ing. If he did not actually hasten the collision the Silent, but as Ulusses the President. Mr. Seward, who would have liked to which followed, he did nothing to prevent it. He really comical, after the great mystery that Genfollow their example, retires from the State De- simply let matters take their own course. His eral Grant had made partment to the shades of private life, without subsequent career as Secretary of State during net Ministers, that the affair when disclosed should
zing the one darling ob-| Mr. Lincoln's administration, it is unnecessary to prove to be so badly botched. After exciting public man like Mr. Seward | re, iew in detail. It is fresh in everybody's mem. curiosity to the highest pitch, when the whole
-to have ory. At home-he was the Fouchè of that period country was on tip-toe watching to see what missed the end to which his whole public career of our national history—the contriver and engi- should come fo was but a means.
neer of that vast system of espionage which cov- which General Grant sent in to the Senate for He was one of the originators of the Free-Soil ered the land with spies—the Minister, the tinkle confirmation had a really burlesque effect. Of the party, when the opponents of slavery professed of whose little bell sufficed, in any of the loyal names oris to limit their opposition to its introduction into States, to consign to a dungeon the citizen who have since been replaced by other nominations. the territories. It was through his influence that dared to dissent from or criticise the policy or It is true, it was understood from the first that the old Whig party ceased to be national and be- measures of the Administration. Abroad--that General Schofield was only keeping his place as came sectional, and finally throughout one-half of is, in his intercourse with the representatives of Secretary of War warm for somebody else, but as the Union became merged in the Republican or- / foreign governments, and in his instructions and General Rawlins' nomination to that office folganization. He was the author of the "irrepres-dispatches to the representatives of our own-he lowed within a week, and had doubtless been degible conflict." _of the phrase certainly, and to a realized to perfection Sir Henry Wotton's idea of cided upon long before, no good reason can be great extent, of the fact. For words which, diplomacy when he defined an Ambassador to be given why it should not have been sent in with ordinarily, are no more than the garb of thoughts, 1 an honest gentleman sent to lie abroad for the the rest. Boutwell for Stewart is a doubtful im. sometimes are the mould or matrix in which ideas, good of his country.”
provement. If Stewart could have served, he before vague and undefined, floating dimly in the The key to Mr. Seward's political career may would have carried into the department a thorough popular mind, take shape and substance. Thus be found in his desire to be President. His char- knowledge, at least, of the weak points of the it happened with Mr. Seward's memorable phrase, acter may be summed up in a single phrase : he revenue system, and of the New York Customwhich converted the apprehended antagonism of is a political Jesuit, that is, he embodies in him- house in particular. It is doubtful whether views and interests on the Slavery question, between self all the traits and all the arts which are vul Governor Boutwell possesses any special knowNorth and South, into a deadly irreconcileable garly, we do not say justly, attributed to the ledge. As Commissioner of Internal Revenue feud, which could only be terminated by the ab- members of that order, and are supposed to be he flooded the country with attempted explasolute subjugation of the one party to the power limplied in the epithet Jesuitical. Since he has nations of the law which explained nothing,
the budget of insignificance