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"7th. A detailed statement of the appropriations required to meet the wants of the Institution for the same length of time.
"8th. Any further suggestions deemed of importance to the success of the Institution.
"9th. Legislation required to promote. the interest of the College."
IRA MAYHEW, Sec'y Board of Education.
To the BOARD OF EDUCATION, of the State of Michigan:
In reply to the first branch of the foregoing Resolution of Inquiry, I submit the Report of the Treasurer, Prof. T. C. ABBOT, of Receipts and Expenditures from April 1, 1858, to Dec. 1, 1858, marked A. The following is an ab stract:
Balance received from former Treasurer,
on hand April 1, 1858,....
ollected by former and paid to present
Treasurer, May 26, 1858, when he en
Vouchers for each and every expenditure are duly filed in the office of the Secretary of the Institution, subject to the inspection of your Board and the public.
Balances from the students which will become due near the termination of the present term, may be estimated at $1,000, liable to be diminished from unforeseen causes. This estimate is on the presumption that the Institution remains full. The receipts will probably equal in amount (omitting salaries) the current expenditures of the term, but the expenses will be incurred before the balances are paid.
I submit herewith statement marked B, which exhibits indebtedness to date, and amounts due for salaries of Professors, Steward and Farmer, to Jan. 1, 1859.
The aggregate amount is $5,749 78.
If your inquiry is intended to comprehend the amour placed to the credit of the Treasurer, T. C. Abbot, by your Board, $6,000, and also $1,622 95 placed to credit of J. C. Holmes, Treasurer before April 1, 1858, the aggregate amount of indebtedness will appear to be $13,472 73.
In regard to repairs, the boarding house will demand a new roof, and must be replastered throughout. The principal College building must be kept in good condition. The dwelling houses will require no repairs. I should place an approximate estimate of amount demanded for these purposes at $4,000.
Whether more Professors are demanded depends upon the policy pursued. If the thorough Four Years Course of Study is adopted, which your Board have recommended, and the public expect, the necessities of the Institution demand that the Chair of Natural Science be filled by the commencement of the next term. A Professor of Civil Engineering, whose range of duties, however, should not be limited by what would be technically included in such a Professorship, will be required at the same time. At the beginning of the winter term, next December, the ser
vices of the Professor of Animal and Vegetable Physiology and Entomology, 'will be demanded. At the same time, it is perhaps necessary that a Professor of Intellectual and Moral Philosophy be chosen, with the understanding that instruction in Political Economy, and such other English branches as cannot be embraced within the range of duties of the Professor of English literature, shall be confided to him.
The Professors named, seem more imperatively required by the existing exigencies of the Institution than others before Jan. 1, 1861. But there are other Professorships equally indispensable in the future development of the Institution.
A Veterinary Professorship is fundamental to the very idea of an Agricultural College. As an illustration of the difficulties in the acquisition of the knowledge of the Science and Art of Veterinary Surgery, it may be mentioned that the charge by an eminent practitioner in the Eastern States, is one hundred dollars for tuition for four months, and two hundred dollars for double that period. Stock breeding and raising is impossible till the Farm is cleared and possesses a sufficiency of pasture and meadow land. Hence this Professorship can, for the present, be postponed.
Horticulture, the Professorship of which has been suspended in the present immature and uncultivated condition of the Farm, should engage largely the attention of the Institution as soon as it can be profitably pursued. It is a kind of culture, where not only an abundance of knowl edge involving the most profound and interesting princi ples of science, and the most delicate skill, can be taught, but where the peculiar labor of the ingenious and inquisitive student, whose intelligence outruns his physical capacity, can be employed most successfully for the Institution. In the enumeration of Professorships, therefore, for
such an Institution, that of Horticulture should be in due time embraced.
The Institution will require a Professor of Political Economy, within the range of whose duties may be embraced Rural Economy, and Household Economy, instruction in regard to the application and results of capital and labor upon the Farm and in the Kitchen, as well as in the wider sphere of communities and nations.
The application of Science to the Mechanic Arts, including especially the economy of machinery and farm implements, should be embraced in a special Professorship of Technology, though perhaps for the present, the duties may be required of a Professor of Civil Engineering.
If it shall become the policy of the State to appoint a State Geologist, in order to disclose, more searchingly than has ever been done, the incalculable wealth and resources hidden within her bosom, it is worth consideration, whether he should not be a Professor in the Institution, and most appropriately publish the results of his investiga tions from the Agricultural College of the State.
Such a map as your request demands, would require a Topographical survey, and involve the necessity of more time, means and professional skill, than at this season are at our ready disposal. I therefore furnish a diagram for present reference.
In considering your sixth query, I will proceed first to state what buildings seem indispensably necessary, without reference to the accommodation of any additional number of students.
The building at present occupied as a barn is not adequate, and was never designed for the uses to which it is applied. It is a brick building 28 by 40 feet, with basement, ground floor and loft. In case of the erection of a new Farm barn, the building in question will become convenient to the premises. There is immediate necessity for room similar to the basement for root crops. The ground floor
would supply a tool house, of which the Farm is yet des titute, and the loft, for the present, can be converted prof itably into a workshop.
It is obvious that in the construction of barns, their design, arrangement, and cost, must be as various as the positions in which they are erected, and the tastes and dissimilar crops of their respective owners. In the construction of a barn for this estate, all plans must be subordi nated to the peculiar case. The barn is for an Agricultural College, and as it will be the duty and mission of the Institution to inculcate the great truth fundamental to all Agricultural success, that everything of an animal or vegetable nature abstracted from the soil, or its equivalent, must be restored to it, no barn should be constructed upon the property, which does not provide for the preservation in compost, of all manure solid and liquid, under cover, in such relative position to stock, as not to be noxious or destructive to health, and in such manner that its volatile elements can be arrested by cheap substances for which they have affinity. The preservation and perpetuation of health, being another vital idea which will be inculcated, it seems necessary that the barn should be easily lighted, dry, well ventilated, and constantly supplied with pure water. As the business of the estate must be various and extensive, the barn should be comprehensive, and any structura plan adopted, should be capable of expansion, and the barn at option be built entire, or in sections, to meet the increasing wants of the estate. A poor barn is the poorest economy for an individual, and would be still more suicidal for a State Institution. It should be built with all the plainness and cheapness compatible with durability, and the objects for which it is designed, that if possible it may prove a model of its kind.
A very commodious barn of wood, 100 ft. by 50 feet, widened with a tier of stables the whole length on each side, flanked with extensive sheds, supplied with two cis