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terns, every way thoroughly finished, and capable of accomodating eighty head of stock, received the first premium of the New York State Agricultural Society. Such a barn cost the proprietor $3,000. It was destitute however, of adequate facilities for preservation of manure, and also of cellars for root crops. On the other hand it was somewhat larger, perhaps, than we should immediately require. It was erected where labor and material would cost about the same as with us. Taking this model barn as a criterion, the cost of a wooden one necessary for our present uses may be estimated at $3,000.
Bards, sheds, and fences are required for each of the four dwelling houses erected for Professors, and also for the small house at the east end of the farm occupied by the farmer. The dwelling house, nearly completed, should be finished. An appropriation of $2,000 would probably be sufficient for these objects.
If the policy should be resolved upon, of erecting all buildings on the estate of brick, so that they be in conformity to each other, it may be deemed advisable to erect barns more permanently and durably. If so, larger sums would be required.
In considering the question of the accommodation of two hundred students, it becomes apparent that neither the Diving Hall, nor the Wash-rooms, where students exchange their working clothes for citizen's garb, nor the Kitchen and its appurtenances, are adequate for the in- ' creased number. It is equally apparent that the present conveniences cannot be enlarged in their existing position and connection. At the same time, in the present Board ing Hall, four students are placed in each room together, an arrangement at war with every scientific truth, and with all the natural laws we inculcate relative to the preserva. tion of health. If changed entirely into dormitories, two students in each room, it would accommodate fiftyfour, one room being reserved for a Professor, and an
other for a reception room. The rooms were originally designed for two, but have been so far occupied by four
Experience is already conclusive to prove, that the best interests of the Institution require that the Dining Hall, Kitchen, and accommodations for all persons connected with the culinary department, should be in a separate building from that occupied by the students. A building, therefore, might be erected for these united purposes. In the selection of its site, and in its arrangements and construction, reference should be had, as it should in all future buildings on the estate, to the vital idea, which seems to have been forgotten in the construction of the present buildings, that all organic matter, all fertilizing substances, must be preserved. A building for the purposes named, should be capable of extension or elongation, without change of general plan, and therefore without expense, except in proportion to increased accommodations. Indeed if such a building is erected, it should be capacious enough for Dining Halls and Kitchens for double the number it is designed to accommodate. Occasions may arise when double that number must be provided for. Experience has already taught us also, that the Washingrooms and Stalls for exchange of clothing, should be ample, easily penetrated by a flood of air and light, and exposed to examination of visitors. The ground floor might be appropriated to Kitchens and Wash-rooms, the second floor to Dining Hall and Closets, and a third story to the Steward's family, and employees.
It would then remain to provide rooms for one hundred and forty-six students, and perhaps three Professors in a new Hall. In no case should more than two students occupy one room.
For any person not a professional builder or architect, to estimate the cost of such buildings, would be an impossibility. The recent rapid improvements in contrivances
for lighting, heating, ventilation, supply and distribution of water, drainage, and also in appliances for cooking, have been so great, that no plaus should be adopted, which have not been prepared by an experienced and skillful archi. tect on the spot, after he has personally examined the sites, and made himself perfectly familiar with the purposes to be subserved, and practical objects to be effected, and any plan once adopted should be inflexibly adhered to.
Should the construction of buildings be commenced, every tenantable spot on the premises would be sought for accommodation of workmen. It is necessary that the duties of students, and their routine of life, should be infringed upon as little as possible. The encroachments of persons baving little sympathy with their pursuits, must have a tendency to distract attention. Inasmuch as the room would all be sought for, additional students may be received. It would be better for students to be crowded by each other than by strangers. In that case our own students and teams would afford efficient aid in the construction of new buildings. Team work can be done by students, and much of the labor in and about the buildings, not requiring mechanical skill, can be performed by them. Thus, not only can the organization of the Institution be preserved undisturbed, but the buildings more economically erected. I am aware that the proposition to aid in such various and formidable work with students, will be viewed with incredulity; but guided by tests and experience, we feel entire confidence that efficient and very profitable assistance can be rendered.
In case it is determined to prepare for reception of two hundred students, the Farm Barn should be erected the approaching season. The Cooking, Washing, and Dining Hall should also be erected by the time the next Winter Term commences. During the vacation of six weeks, the present Boarding Hall could be entirely changed into dormitories, and additional students could be supplied there
after with more comfortable accommodations. The barns for the dwelling houses might also be erected the coming
For the commencement of structures, the Institution has 280,000 brick now on hand.
During the summer, brick enough could be manufactured for the completion of all brick buildings demanded by the increased number of students. Preparation of designs and materials, and employment of skillful workmen being done with entire deliberation, the Hall for students could be commenced in early spring, and be ready for occupation the Winter Term of 1860.
Not only should the plans of important and permanent structures be adopted by your Board, and inexorably adhered to, but the foremen should be directly employed by them, the Executive of the Institution preventing any vio: lation of contract, or any interference with or interruption of the discipline or progress of the Institution by any em. ployee. This was the course pursued in the erection of dwelling houses the last season.
The erection of the first buildings upon the estate was attended by a series of calamities and misfortunes. With superior facilities now afforded, the design and practical use of each improvement understood with distinctness, the Institution itself being able to supply a large proportion of aid and material, when labor and food are diminished in value, I have no fears, but that additional buildings can be erected with as much economy as any heretofore con structed by the State for any public use.
The most eligible spot for the chief Farm Barn, appears to be in the rear of the present Boarding House, on the terrace above the overflowed banks of the Cedar river, from which the stream is easily accessible, a site at the same time conveniently near to the lodgiugs of the students.
Whatever sites for other buildings may be deemed most eligible on a cursory examination of the grounds, they
might all be changed on a more critical examination, by architects employed. Fitness and economy must rule the location.
Having in view the expositions made above, I submit, marked C, a List of Appropriations necessary, if the views expressed were adopted.
Although, not specially requested in your Resolution, I herewith submit, marked D, an enumeration of the Real and Personal Property belonging to the Agricultural College, as it embraces an aggregate hardly appreciated without a formal examination.
In reply to the clause of your resolution, requesting general suggestions, I would call your attention specially to my Report of the first of April last, which embraces a history of the progress of the Institution from the time it was dedicated to that date.
Educationally, the Institution continues to be successful, if rapid acquisitions on the part of the students, a laudable observance of the Rules and Regulations, good morals, abstinence from vicious habits, and an earnest zeal in availing themselves of the peculiar and signal advantages afforded, are evidences of success. The use of tobacco is almost entirely abandoned. No spirituous liquors are ever found upon the place. No games of hazard are tolerated. It has been only at long intervals that a student has been reprimanded for want of punctuality in his field labors. In fact, none of those habits and vices exist, which usually distract the energies, degrade the morals, and injure the health of students. In this connection, I herewith submit the Rules and Regulations of the Institution now in operation, marked E.
The most advanced class in the Institution have concluded, under Prof. FISK, a course of Experimental, Agricultural and Analytical Chemistry. In Mathematics, they have pursued under Prof. TRACY, Algebra, Geometry, Plane and Spherical Trigonometry with their application to