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ENGLISH POETS

BY SAMUEL JOHNSON, LL.D.

EDITED BY

GEORGE BIRKBECK HILL, D.C.L.

SOMETIME HONORARY FELLOW OF PEMBROKE COLLEGE, OXFORD

WITH BRIEF MEMOIR OF DR. BIRKB CK HILL, BY HIS NEPHEW

HAROLD SPENCER SCOTT, M.A., NE V COLLEGE, OXFORD

IN THREE VOLUMES

VOL. III
SWIFT-LYTTELTON

OXFORD
AT THE CLARENDON PRESS

MDCCCC V

HENRY FROWDE, M.A. PUBLISHER TO THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD

LONDON, EDINBURGH
NEW YORK AND TORONTO

LIVES OF THE ENGLISH POETS

IN ALPHABETICAL ORDER

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VOL. PAGE

VOL. PAGE ADDISON . . . . . II 79 PARNELL . . . . . II 49 AKENSIDE . . . . . III 411 PHILIPS, A. . . . . III 312 BLACKMORE . . . . II 235 PHILIPS, J. . . . . I 312 BROOME . . . . . III 75 PITT . . . . . . . III 277 BUTLER . . .

I

POMFRET , . . . , I 301 COLLINS . . . . . III 334 · POPE. . . . . . . III 82 CONGREVE. . . . . II 212

ROCHESTER ..

219 COWLEY . . . . . I I PRIOR ..... DENHAM . . . . . I 70“ ROSCOMMON . . . I 229 DORSET. . . . . . I 303 ROWE . . . . . . II 65 DRYDEN . . . . . I 331 SAVAGE . . . . .

321 DUKE . . . . . . II 24 SHEFFIELD . . . . II 167 DYER . . . . . . III 343 SHENSTONE ... III FENTON . . . . . II 257 SMITH, EDMUND ... GARTH . . . .

SOMERVILE . . . . II 317 GAY . . . . . . . II 267 SPRAT . . . . . . II 32 GRANVILLE ... II 286 STEPNEY

309 GRAY . . . . . . III 421 SWIFT . . . . . . III I HALIFAX . . . . . II41 THOMSON .... III HAMMOND . . . . . 11 312 TICKELL . . . . . II 304 HUGHES .. II 159 WALLER . . . . . I 249 KING . . . . . . II 26 WALSH . . . . . . I 328 LYTTELTON .... III 446 WATTS . . . . . . III 302 MALLET . . . . . III 400 WEST . . . . . . III 328 MILTON . . . . . l 84 | YALDEN . . . . . . 11297 OTWAY. . . . . . I 241 | YOUNG . . . . . . III 361

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SWIFT:

AN Account of Dr. Swift has been already collected, with great 1 A diligence and acuteness, by Dr. Hawkesworth, according to a scheme which I laid before him in the intimacy of our friendship. I cannot, therefore, be expected to say much of a life concerning which I had long since communicated my thoughts to a man capable of dignifying his narration with so much elegance of language and force of sentiment?

JONATHAN SWIFT was, according to an account said to 2 be written by himself }, the son of Jonathan Swift, an attorney“, and was born at Dublin on St. Andrew's day, 16675: according to his own report, as delivered by Pope to Spence, he was born at Leicester, the son of a clergyman, who was minister of a parish in Herefordshire 6. During his life the place of his birth was undetermined. He was contented to be called an Irishman by the Irish, but would occasionally call himself an Englishman”.

? Johnson recorded on his birthday, Sept. 18, 1780:- I have not at all studied, nor written diligently. I have Swift and Pope yet to write, Swift is just begun.' John. Misc. i. 94.

? See Appendix A.

3 "The original MS., under the Doctor's own hand, which I received from his cousin, Mrs. Whiteway, I have lodged in the University Library of Dublin. Deane Swift's Essay upon the Life, &c., of Dr. Swift, App. p. 2.

*His father, he wrote,'had some employments and agencies. Craik's Life of Swift, p. 513. Forster says he was an attorney of Dublin. Life of Swift, p. 18. He described himself as a younger son of younger sons,' although he had no brother. He had a sister. Works, xvii. 260.

s. Faulkner's Dublin Journal, Oct. 27, 1745, in recording his death, says he was “born in the parish of St. Werburgh's, Dublin, on St. An

LIVES OF POETS. III

drew's Day, 1667, at his uncle, Counsellor Godwin Swift's house in Hoey'salley, which was the general residence of the chief lawyers.", The Rev. W. G. Carroll, whose Succession of Clergy, &c., p. 55, I am quoting, thinks it probable that it was at Godwin Swift's house in Bull Alley, off Bride Street, that he was born. It was close to the Deanery.

• Spence's Anec. p. 161. Probably Pope's memory was at fault; though Swift's cousin writes :-'Sometimes he would declare that he was not born in Ireland at all. . . . He could never endure to be called an Irishman.' Deane Swift, pp. 26, 28.

It was his grandfather who was Vicar of Goodrich in Herefordshire.' Craik, p. 510. For Swift's account of the old gentleman's being plundered two and fifty times by the barbarity of Cromwell's hellish crew'see Works, xix. 195.

? Orrery's Remarks, p. 7. 'As to

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