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CHAPTER I.

THE END OF OOtiRT-POETiiY.

CAUSES OP DECLINE—' ENrAVCES ' - -jtE^CLLTlONARY S?I21T—CYCLICAL POEMS—FRANCO-ITALIAN 1*1(58—FRENCH PATRIOTIC V3RSE—ROMANS

D'AVENTCRE 1 CEMTO NOV3LLE ANTICHE' — THE ""A-VVENTUROSO

CICILIANO'—THE 'REALI DI FRANCIA'—GERMAN EPICS—ICELANDIC
RIMUR— FORNSOGUR AND LYGISOGUR— ENGLISH ROMANCES—AL-
LITERATIVE POETRY—SCOTTISH ROMANCES—THE 'BRUCE'—LAURENCE
MINOT. •••'*'» , . '-' °

How came the old. poetry—epic, romance, wianesong —to die out as it didin.the^ourteentfr.cenjAiry'? Was who wied it suffocated by adverse outward- conditions, court-poetry? or had it completed.its natural term of life? Perhaps it is not necessary to choose between these solutions. It seems probable that more than one cause was at work. That there were hostile agencies abroad cannot be doubted. In this task of

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