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CHCI puudy and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, by To
HARTWELL HORNE, M. A. Published, in four large volumes, by E. LITTELL, 88, Chesnut

Street, Philadelphia-at Twelve Dollars, bound in cloth.
From the Christian Advocate. March, 1828.

ing up these Rynopses the utmost attention hias been given in order to present TS Grat palition of this most valuable work was printed in England, something more was practicable, at one clance, a comprehensive view of the subjects con s i

an en pense. Since that time this, in that country, reached a bith eduon. I book of Scripture. How necessary such a view 18 to the critical study of the Wheat and continued demand for a work so extensive, and of such a bature as that records, it is perhaps necessary to remark. before us, is the best evidence of its uncommon intrusick excellence. Nor have the il "In executing this part of his work, the author has endeavoured to steer Letwe Opinions of reviewers and critics, and the recommendations of clergymen and theologi-lextreme prolixity of some analysts of the Bille, and the too creat brevita

benow or feeblo in proclaiming its merits. Any such review 01, 1 and he ventures to hope, that this portion of his laboun will be found that therefore, as would be proper for a new work, would be manifestly post horam; and I useful in studying the doctrinal parts of the Scriptures. indeed wouli scarcely consist with a decorous respect for public opinion. Still we feel || "Throughout the work references have been made to such pursed that on the appearance of this first American edition, we ought not to be altogether best illustrated particular subjects and critical notices of their works ha Meu We think that we owe it to the enterprising publisher who has stereotyped duced, partly derived from the author's knowledge of them, partly from the This voluminous publication, to make know that his work has been well executed, and opinions of client biblical critics and partly from the best critical that we owe it still more to a very numerous and respectable class or our readers, who sources the preference being invariably given to those, which are define

kaos have not been able to get even a sight of an European copy to give them some l the acknowledged talent and ability with which they are conducted. The base

mation in regard to the nature and contents of this work. More than thus, with of the Continent, and the sales by auction of several valuable divinitv lih a few closing remarks, we do not propose

also enabled the author to procure many critical works that would otherwise In recard to the execution of the work, we have to state that we have found, after all inaccessible, pretty careful comparison that the American copy is, on the whole, superior to the l o f the works cited in the notes to the following pages, care has been British. The type is better, there are fewer typographical errors, the engravings are the particular editions. They are all referred to as authorities, for the states rather superior and the paper, if not entirely equal to the British, 18 unexceptionably Iltained in the text many of them fornish details which the lunits of the present 2 . The boards of the binding are covered with glazed musid, handsomely coloured I would not admit; and some few rive accounts and representations which the

fording not only a neat appearance, but a degree of durability, nearly equal to a bind- I thought he had reason to reject. All these references, however, are entradas iner in sheen and the price of the American edition (12 dollars) is about one-third less Il convenience of those readers, who may have inclination and opportunity for than the English. The two editions correspond with each other, page for pare, ting more minute inquiries.

The nature and contents of this work (which we save not read throughout, but have such are the plan and obiect of the work now submitted to the can carefully inspected) are, we think, fairly stated by the author, in the folowing extracts lic. The author has prosecuted his labours under a deep sense of the respond from the preface.

Itached to such an undertaking and though he dares not hope that he can The federation to the Crition Study and knowledge of the Holy Scriptures, I have avoided mistake, yet he can with truth declare that he bas anxiously end Dow offered to the public, is designed as a comprehensive Mamtal of Sacred Literature, not to mislead any one, leted from the labours of the most emintat Biblical Critics, both British and Foreign ll We regard the Indexes and Appendices of these volumes as really enhance

The four volumes, of which the work now consists, will be found to comprise the value. They enable the reader to turn so readily to any article he may wish to following topics:

Il that he is not discouraged from seeking what he desires, ty any difficulty to
VOLYME L. contains a Critical Inquiry into the GenerC3, Authenticity, Un-il Those who have been deeply versed iu biblical studies and inquiries Will

uted Presentation, and Inspiration of the Holy Scruption including, among I find in these volumes much with which they are already familiar. Wereita other surrects, 2 copious investigation of the testimonies from profane authors to the If the worlewend wainle halal

I the work would certainly be less valuable than it is for its avowed desisti leading facts recorded in the Scriptures, particularly a newboranch of evidence for their mguicate biblical and theological knowledge of the most useful kind. Erudite

ditt, which is furnished by coins, medals, inscriptions, and ancient structures. Ilgians, however, will here find not a little, which, if not absolutely new in it s This is followed by a full view of the arguments afforded by miracles and prophecy, is frequently presented under a new rupect ; and much in a coudensed for for the inspiration of the Scriptures, and by a discussion of the internal evidence for probably they had lessed from the laborious penisal of many volume their inspiration, furnished by the sublimity and excellence of the doctrines, and by the likewise find a reference to recent writers, of the highest authority in certal purity of the moral precepts, revealed in the Bible: the barmony subsisting between ll biblical criticism, by which their further researches will be facilitated every part the preservation of the Scriptures to the present time and their tendency ll. But to the young biblical student, whether layman, clergytan, or candidate to promote the present and eternal happiness of inankind, as evinced by an historical || holy ministry, these volumes will prove an invaluable treasure. If carefully eview of the beneficial effects actually produced in every age and country by a cordiat || will furnish him at once with the most useful part of knowledge on the ention of the Bible forether with a refutation of the very numerous objections Il which they relate; they will greatly aid him in the choice of other books which have been urged against the Scriptures in recent deistical publications. An Ap lry: and whenever information is desired, more particular and extensive Bendix to this volume comprises a particular, examination of the miracles supposed to which the volumes impart, they will direct him to the authors which he have been wrought by the wyptian mazicians, and of the contradictions which are vantageously consult. Supposing a theological student to possess the orizia Elle alleged to exist in the Scriptures, whether historical or chronological contra Sacred Scriptures with the usual helps for studying them. Cruden's Conca Dictions between prophecies and their accomplishments ;-contradictions in morality all one good English commentator, we have no hesitation in giving it as our jou -apparent contradictions between the sacred writers themselves, and between sacred that the next money which he expends for books, would better be laid out in and profane Writers or seemips contradictions to philosophy and the nature of things. Il chase of these volumes than of any other with which we are acquainted This discussion is followed by a table of the chief prophecies relative to the Messiah, Mr. Horne's work abounds, as it ought to do, with quotations from writer of

oth in the Old and New Testament, and by an examination of the pretensions of the Il nence. His own style is easy and perspicuous; his sentiments, so far as we ha apocryphal books of the Old and New Testament,

able to collect thein, are pious and evangelical, but not peculiarly Calvinist #VOLUME II. in two parts, treats, first, on Sacred Criticism, including au Histori-la minister in the established church of England, and his attachment to its

and Critical Account of the Original Languages of Scripture, and of the Cognate or ll yet he is not bigotted or sectarian. He appears as ready to bestow menite uded Dialects an account (with numerous fac-similes) of the principal Manu-l writers of other coinmunions, as on those of his own. He states that it was he scripts of the Old and New Testaments, together with a bibliographical and critical tant of such assistance as in this work, le las endeavoured to furish, which fin notice of the chief printed editions, and of the divisions and marks of distmction OC-ll him (and principally with a view to his own improvement) on making the inci curring in manuscripts and printed editions of Scriptures together with a history of and researches, the result of which he has lere given to the world. We the ancient and modera Versions of the Scriptures, and their application to the criticism | deemed ourselves fortunate to have met with such a publication in our early and interpretation of the sacred volume, illustrated with fac-simile specimens of the we therefore feel it to be a duty to recommend it to our younger clerical bareth Oriental versions executed at the Serampore press. In this part of the work, the history Il terms of no equivocal import. of the authorized English version of the Bible is particularly considered, and the literall Ty character of its venerable translators ir satisfactorily vindicated against the cavils of

From the Christian Observer. November, 1819. some late writers. The benefit to be derived from Jewish and Rabbinical authors is il

It is saying much-yet as far as our knowledge of Biblical works extends next discussed, and the geruimeness of the celebrated Jewish historian's account of Jesus

| much to assert of these volumes, that they constitute the most important the Christ is vindicated and established. These discussions are followed by dissertations. Il

21 publication of their kind, which has appeared in this or any other counts for -On the Various Readings occurring in the Scriptures, with a digest of the chief criti

Il years. *

sorted theological library can be Jong VOD cal canons for weighing and applying them:-On the Quotations from the Old Testathe Nan with Neta Tribles of the Quotations at length, in Helmo, Greek, and Il ton expenditure, would do well, even on the score of economy, to include these you

I those students in divinity whose pecuniary resources are too limited to attai English, from new types cast expressly for the purposez showing, first, their relativell

Tuy in the list of their library. We say even on the score of economy, because Mr. Hon Acreement with the Hebrew and with the Septuagint; and secondly, whether they are

has contrived to condense and conceptate in these volumes, the real income prophecies eated as literally fulfille : prophecies typically or spiritually applied; pro. in nenumadated : or simple allusions to the Old Testamentin

many quartos and folios; and what is of hot less importance, he has furaished

e POCTY TI merous and mininte references to his authorities as must be of very extes the elrens its construction, nature, and genius; different species of Hebrew poetry sll

cw poetyll those who desire to obtain more detailed information. with observations for better understanding the productions of the Hebrew poets and

11 This outline is very inadequate to give the reader an idea of the copious and On Harmonics of the Scriptures, including remarks on the principles on which they il

pected treasures which await him. sliguld be constructed. * The Second Part of the Second Volume is appropriated to the Interpretation of the

From the Eclectic Review. January, 1819.
Scriptura; comprehending an investigation of the different senses of Scripture, literal,
Spiritual, and typical, with criteria for ascertaining and determining them the signs. This work we bring forward with confidence to the notice of our read
fication of words and phrases, with general rules for investigating them; emphatick Il best introduction to the critical study of the Holy Scriptures, in
words, rules for the investigation of emphases, and particularly of the Greek article: 11 English literature. It is a comprehensive digest of the labours of the ma

-the nutridiary means for ascertaining the sense of Scriptore, the analogy of lan- I writers, both foreigti and domestic, on subjects of Biblical criticism
Puager, analogy of Scripture, or paralla passages, with rules for ascertaining and ll attention of the author for a considerable number of years, and is replete with
applying them scholia, and glossaries; the subject matter, contor, scope, historicall his industry nor is this the only qualification for the undertaking which led

I the execution o the work: it exhibits a sound judgment and considerable a circunstances, and Christian Writers, both fathers and commentators.

t *These disen arellowed by the application of the preceding principles, for is altogether an invaluable work and cannot fail o procuring for the author

e author te

To the Biblical student it exertaining the sense of Scripture, to the historical interpretation of the Sacred Wri-1 commendation of every liberal scholar. tings; the interpretation of the figurative language of Scripture, comprehending the commended, ag aftonding him more assistance in the pursuit of his proper oh principles of interpretation of tropes and figures; together with an examination of the | kuowledge of the Scriptures, than any other publication whatever metonymies, metaphors, allegories, parables, proverbs, and other figurative modes of place in his library, whether it be large or small, among the books which he

which he will speech occurring in the Bible: the spiritul or mystical interpretation of the Scrip-Il regret having purchased. Lures the interpretation of prophecy, including general rules for a containing thell We art greatly pleased wito the serious spirit which pervades these volume

use the prophetic writi s ervations on the accomplishment of prophecy in Il rit which, we regret to say, has bot always distinguished the labour of BaiPeneral, and especially of the predictions relative to the Messiah the interpretation | Too any of them have treated the literature of the Scriptures as a subiect

h o t and seral parts of Scripture of the promises and threatening: Il tion, apart from its real afility in menting the understanding to aprehend the therein contained and the inferential and practical reading of the Sacred Writings. Il and import of Revelation, for the purpose of applying its truths and in A copious Appendix to this volume comprises (among other articles) bibliographical


* To how great advantage, compared with some other writers And critical notices of the principal ommars and lexicons of the Hebrew, Greek, and the present author appear. Cacuate Languages, of the most remarkable editions of the Septuagint Greek Vor sion of the Old Testament, of the principal writers on the criticism and interpretation

From the Enghal Wesleyası Methodist Magazine of the Scriptures, and a select list of the chief commentators and expositors of the Bible, To the library of every lover of the Holy Scriptores, who has the leisure to per

In VOLUME I will be found a sketch or summary of Biblical Ecography and it, this elaborate work will form a most valuable addition, but to the Biblicals Antiquities, in four parta:

and to young Ministers, it is at once indispensable and valuable: no single w PART L. includes an outline of the Historical and Physical Geography of the Holy Ilany of the four mais branches of Biblical Study which are here so copiously tre Land.

having, we believe, ever issued from the prest, which comprehends so much infor PART II treats on the politial and military affairs of the Jews, and other nations tion in itsell, or points out, by references so ample, where that information may be beidentally mentione in the Scriptures.

tained without which the Scriptures can beither be folly understood, por la PART UL discusses the sacred aliitia of the Jews, arranged under the headall Almost every author of note has been consulted by the industry of the Author,

a t Samed P . Samed Persone. Sarned Times and Seasons, and the Corruptions of iltaost important contributions of the learning, research, and observation of other Religion among the Jews, their idolatry and various teets, together with a descriptionll be here found collected, and arranged with a sober and temperate judgment, and their moral and religious state in the time of Jesus Christ.

the guidance of the light of evangelical truth. The last an important circut PART IV. discusses the domestic antiqilier, or the private life, manners, cus and renders the work saft as well as instructive. brus, amemte, &c of the Jews, and other nations incidentally mentional or alud- "In recommending, in the strongest manner, this very important work to the can In in the Holy Scriptures

study of Your Ministers, we feel ourselves discharging an important duty, DOS me & APPENDLX to this Third Volume contains (besides chronological and other to the praiseworthy Jabours of the author himself, but to those on whom the hope e money weight and measured.) a Geographical Index of the principal placall the Church of Christ, as to future years, principalle renses entioned in the Bible, especially in the New Testament; Including an abstract of pro- The work before us is certainly one of the most valuable ever bublished

tal histo rom the time or Solomon to the captivity, Illustrative of the 19-11 h attainments and the Christian world owe to its excellent and indes are of the Hebrews as referred to in the prophetic writines, and presenting historical Mahest thanks For ourselves, we think it an indispensables d e to ptices of the Assyria, Chadee. Median, and Penian empires.

Church O r youn Minister, and it will be more

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[From Ballantyne's Novelist's Library.] The Life of this excellent man, and ingenious author, has been written, with equal spirit and candour, by Mrs. Barbauld, a name long dear to elegant literature, and is prefixed to her publication of the Author's Correspondence, published by Philips, in six volumes, in 1804. The leading circumstances of these simple annals are necessarily extracted from that performance, to which the present Editor has no means of adding any thing of consequence.

SAMUEL RICHARDSON was born in Derbyshire, in the year 1689. His father was one of many sons, sprung from a family of middling note, which had been so far reduced, that the children were brought up to mechanical trades. His mother was also decently descended, but an orphan, left such in infancy by the death of her father and mother, cut off within half an hour of each other by the great pestilence in 1663. Her name is not mentioned. His father was a joiner, and connected by employment with the unhappy Duke of Monmouth, after whose execution he retired to Shrewsbury, apprehensive, perhaps, of a fate similar to that of College, his brother in trade, and well known in those times by the title of the Protestant Joiner.

Having sustained severe losses in trade, the elder Richardson was unable to give his son Samuel more than a very ordinary education; and our author, who was to rise so high in one department of literature, was left unacquainted with any language exceptjag his own. Under all these disadvantages, and perhaps in some degree owing to their existence, young Richardson very early fol lowed, with a singular bias, the course which was most likely render his name i

We give his own words, for they can not be amende. “I recolle

ly noted for having invention not fof

: my school-fellows y
: of them particularly

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