Justice and the Genesis of War

Capa
Cambridge University Press, 10/08/1995 - 356 páginas
Studies of the causes of wars generally presuppose a 'realist' account of motivation: when statesmen choose to wage war, they do so for purposes of self-preservation or self-aggrandizement. In this book, however, David Welch argues that humans are motivated by normative concerns, the pursuit of which may result in behaviour inconsistent with self-interest. He examines the effect of one particular type of normative motivation - the justice motive - in the outbreak of five Great Power wars: the Crimean war, the Franco-Prussian war, World War I, World War II, and the Falklands war. Realist theory would suggest that these wars would be among the least likely to be influenced by considerations other than power and interest, but the author demonstrates that the justice motive played an important role in the genesis of war, and that its neglect by theorists of international politics is a major oversight.
 

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Índice

THE JUSTICE MOTIVE AND WAR
7
WAR AS A DECISIONMAKING PROBLEM
9
REALISM AND MOTIVATION
10
THE JUSTICE MOTIVE
18
THE POTENTIAL CONTRIBUTION OF THE JUSTICE MOTIVE TO DECISION THEORY
22
SOME HYPOTHESES ON THE AGENCY OF THE JUSTICE MOTIVE
30
PROBING THE AGENCY AND RELATIVE IMPORTANCE OF THE JUSTICE MOTIVE
32
SOME OBJECTIONS ANTICIPATED
40
WORLD WAR II
127
THE ROLE OF ADOLF HITLER
129
HITLERS AIMS
131
HITLERS RISE TO POWER
135
PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR HITLERS PROGRAM
139
THE LULLING EFFECT OF THE SENSE OF JUSTICE
141
THE APPROACH TO WAR
147
CONCLUSIONS
153

THE CRIMEAN WAR
48
BACKGROUND
49
RUSSIAN MOTIVATIONS
58
ALLIED MOTIVATIONS
68
CONCLUSIONS
73
THE FRANCOPRUSSIAN WAR
76
THE SETTING
77
THE COMING OF THE WAR
81
FRENCH AND PRUSSIAN GOALS
86
RETROSPECT AND PROSPECT
92
WORLD WAR I
95
THE RISE OF GERMANY
97
ALSACELORRAINE
102
SERBIAN NATIONALISM
106
SARAJEVO AND AFTER
112
CONCLUSIONS
125
THE FALKLANDSMALVINAS WAR
155
THE NATURE OF THE DISPUTE
156
THE ARGENTINE DECISION TO INVADE
163
SOME FINAL THOUGHTS
184
JUSTICE AND INJUSTICE IN A GLOBAL CONTEXT
186
JUSTICE AND ORDER
192
THE PROBLEM OF MORAL DIVERSITY
194
JUSTICE AND JUSTIFICATION
197
JUSTICE BEYOND BORDERS
200
TOWARD A JUST WORLD ORDER
210
SOME FINAL THOUGHTS
214
CONCLUSION
217
NOTES
220
BIBLIOGRAPHY
309
INDEX
328
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