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'It is monstrous,' says Mr. Ensor, to relief. Yet, amidst this general reproof imagine that the Catholic clergy are ini- of the Catholic clergy, and of hypocritical mical to the education of their focks, be- sorrow for the ignorant people, (whom the cause they did not leap at Mr. Orde's im- 'Edinburgh Review'assures us are ignorant, pudent project; or at this or that wily No. lxxiii, p. 61, and full of intelligence, machination. With one voice, the Dis- p. 66,) circumstances transpire which senters protested against Mr. Brougham's suggest, that if the Irish are ignorant, Bill, because it subjected education to the they are not singular in their deficiency. a uthority or auspices of the Established By a report respecting education in the Church : yet, who ever slandered the Dis- Highlands,* the expression “instructed Senting teachers by saying they wished Scotch” must be applied to that people to keep their hearers clouded or over- with some qualification. In short, by the whelmed with ignorance? The Catholic statement, not one in ten in the Highlands clergy could not be so absurd and self- ean read the Bible, which the Quarterly destructive as to oppose the education of Review considers a recompense for some the Catholic people. To impede the edu- years' disastrous commorancy about the cation of any class is to obstruct the in- North Pole; as the reviewer consoles the dustry, the ingenuity, the credit, and con- nation for the second unsuccessful voyage sequence of that class; for education by saying, that, on the return of the ships, renders men methodical, moral, inventive, “every man on board could read his apt for all purposes, abounding in resource, Bible;" No. lix. p. 243. Neither are the confident in each other, and powerful by a English all learned Thebans. At the last community of knowledge and interest. election for a common councilman for FarEducation multiplies a nation's ability a ringdon Without, three of the voters of hundred fold.
this great ward, in this great city, in one • No falsehood is more notorious, than day, declared their inability to read a that the Catholics, lay or clerical, are ad- single word; and the members of this verse to education; if so, how did know. ward showed their natural talents and acledge advance when Europe was Catholic ? quired ability by preferring Butterworth In 652, many English were sent to mo- to Galloway. nasteries in France to be educated. Circumstances still more appalling also Monast. Angl. s. 1. p. 89. In 829, schools transpiret occasionally, which prove that were established, by edict, in Pavia, Tu- the English and Scotch are not so literate, rin, Cremona, Florence, Verona, Vicenza; generally, as the Irish. To counteract and St. Benedict, it is said, had, in the this impression, supercilious critics affirm eleventh century, five thousand scholars. that book instruction is not education ;
• This slanderous abuse of the Catholic and others affirm that the Irish keep clergy, besides gratifying a general malig. schools in ditches and hedges, as if this nity, is directly aimed against the eman did not honour their love of learning, and cipation of the Catholics ; for it is held reproach their masters; while a legislator that education must be preliminary to their (a friend to the Catholics, --such are their
* Dr. Baird communicated to the Presbytery of Edinburgh, that in Glepeg, of 70,000 people, 50,000 could not read: that in a parish consisting of 1,800 persons, 60 only could read; and in another of 3,000, 200 only could read; so of Argyle, Aberdeen, Caithness, Moray, &c.
+ Mr. Newenham ascertained, that in Cloyne and Ross there were 316 schools, containing 21,892 scholars. Bishop Jebb, in his primary visitation sermon, said, 'the people of Munster have a deep thirst after knowledge ;' p. 36. The Kildare-street Society are the declared enemies of hedge-schools. They say, “In the infancy of the institution, and whilst the society received but a small degree of co-operation from the gentry throughout the country, it was found necessary, in order to rescue the Children of the lower orders from absolute idleness, or (what is perhaps worse) hedgeschools, which abounded every where in Ireland,' &c.—Twelfth Report of the Society in 1824, p. 21. From the sequel it appears, that the great evil of those schools was, that they were not under the control and superintendence of Mr. Goulburn's valuable esta
lishment. This Twelfth Report is a happy specimen of self-eulogy: The Comnittee bave the satisfaction to state,' &c. p. 21. • The Society has been peculiarly ortunate in their appointments,' &c. p. 27. Their satisfaction from their inspectors' * ports,' &c. The information of the Munster inspector · has been peculiarly pleasig,' p. 29. Your Committee feel quite satisfied of the beneficial results of the cheap ook department,' p. 30. Finally, they express their approbation of all their officers, c. p. 31. This is a flash report, in which the artists want terms as they want matter; at they are thrice satisfied; and if they can obtain a larger donation from Parliament . „xt session, their satisfaction will be quadrupled.
friends !- virtual representative of the the Irish are generally admitted, it is Catholics, and an “arch knave at a nomi- needless to answer the charges wbich native case,”) declared, that the school- have been made against their igno. books of the Irish consisted of “ Joe Mil- rance in those arts which have been ler," " Laugh and be Fat,” &c. Why brought to perfection in England. not? The joculator regis was once an
Mechanical knowledge is partly acci
Aloch eminent officer in the royal household. This inspector of primers in ditch-schools dental; and Irish artisans, under the (for he speaks from personal knowledge) most adverse circumstances, are geaffirmed that he saw "Moll Flanders" in nerally as good workmen as the Engthe boys’ hands ; and he might see the lish. Irish linen is inferior to none “ Williamite” in great endowed schools of in the world ; and Irish silks and popthis country, according to my personal lins are, or at least were, far superior knowledge. Of “Molí Flanders I know to those of Great Britain. In agrinothing, but I could not suppose the con- culture, however, it must be admittents of a book by Defoe could be more ted that, nearly throughout Ireland, immoral than Moll Flagon, who figures a very bad system prevails, and we in the “Lord of the Manor," and is represented on the stage. If the govern.
are not unwilling that reproach ment object to “ Moll Flanders,” let them
should be universal until it be alemploy some of their literary ininisters to
tered. Ireland must depend upon her compose a life of Moll Doyle; the agriculture, and lier farmers could not Crowd, office can afford valuable materials: be too soon taught that it is in their and some Sir Richard Musgrave will not power to double, if not quadruple, fail to make it fitting to be said or sung in the productions of the earth. SloKildare-street schools, abounding alike venly husbandry, however, is not conwith loyalty and true religion. But the fined to Ireland. In Oxfordshire we whole is a rhetorical flourish, much like have seen farm-work done as imperHotspur's “world of figures.” That such fectly as in Cork; and France, in books are taught in Catholic schools is point of agricultural skill, is very inuniversally and absolutely denied. Yet, thanks to this friend of the Catholics, the
ferior to Ireland. Mr. Cobbett saw charge at last excited the spirit of the
females employed, in the fields of the whole people; and such has been the
• Great Nation,' spreading manure throng of testimonies to the education of with their hands. the Irish, that they exceed my means of Superstition.--This word, in the offering an abstract of their amount. usual acceptation, when applied to
Ireland, signifies Catholicism; and, if Overpowered by attestations in the religion of the people be an evil, proof of the universality of educa- we can see little hopes of eradicating tion in Ireland, the Scotch philoso- it, for there is no prospect of their pliers (such philosophers !) have ad- being induced to embrace the docmitted the fact, but still they justify trines of the Established Church. their charge by objecting to the quu- We are no theologians, and shall lity of education dealt out in hedge argue this question, as Mr. Ensor schools.* Reading and writing are, says, logically. We leave the task of at all events, the rudiments of know- vindicating the abstract truths of ledge; and if these, as the reviewers Catholicity to its own divines, and say, have been taught out of impro- propose only to defend the Irish per sources, it is strange that the people, whose blind credulity and usual results of perverted instruction superstition have excited such' comhave not followed; for we shall see passion in the breast of young Noel, by-and-by, in spite of Moll Flan- Earl Roden, and the Rev. Joseph ders,' that the people are, at least, lvimey.t Tlie last gentleman was as moral as their neighbours.
secretary to a society for proselyting As the shrewdness and capacity of the Irish. * These schools are not kept under a hedge, as some ignorantly suppose; though we sannot see any reason why a boy could not learn to read as soon under a shady tree, as under a slated roof.
+ This Rev. Gentleman has lately approved of, and affixed his signature to, a blasphemous and nonsensical tract, published by a youth named Benjamin Lawson, who was, it is intimated, miraculously restored to his speech, after being deprived of it by scrofula,
The first charge made in proof of cient to create surprise The • EdinIrish superstition, or, as some have it, burgh Review,' while treating them fanaticism, is the credulity of the with derision, admits, that they were people in believing in miracles. We wonderful; and more than one phyare no advocates for Prince Hohen- sician has published treatises, to lohe, but yet we are at a loss to dis- prove that the Hohenlohe cures might cover the consistency of those who have taken place through the operacircumscribe the apostolical power, tion of natural causes. It does not, and would have every man read and therefore, imply either superstition or believe the Bible. Christianity has ignorance, in an ordinary Christian, no supporter but miracles; and mi- to look upon thein as miraculous ; racles preceded the conversion of all unless we suppose every man to be nations who have at any time em- acquainted with the nervous system, braced the doctrines of Christ. That as well as anatomy. Even Dr. this power, which, according to Pro- Crainpton does not absolutely say testant and Catholic divines, once ex- that Nature effected the cure; he isted, has ceased, we have no proofs; only shows that it was, according to . and Mr. Southey, in his “Life of his opinion, adequate to the operaWesley,' seems to wish, that super- tion; and leaves his readers to attrinatural things had been inore fre- bute it to what they please, for it quent in these days of infidelity. certainly was not owing to medi· The Irish,' says our author, "are
cine. charged with credulity, as if all nations
To impute ignorance to the people, had reached the consummation of pure
tion of pure in consequence of their credulity on intelligence; and some occurrences in Ire- this occasion, implies a want of knowland have excited extraordinary animad. ledge. They know not man,' says version. The last on record is, that a Mr. Ensor, who make such obsermad priest attempted to exorcise a child, vations; and they want humanity and who, he said, was demoniac. Is this illu- honesty, who, on such casual circumsion so enormous, even if the man were stances, reflect on a whole nation. not insane? To be possessed by devils Man is a motley creature ; and some was a common infirmity; and whence the of the able
e of the ablest, as Agrippa and Cardan, proof or the intimation that the malady has ceased? On the contrary, bishop
seem to have reached at once the exHurd rather sustains the affirmative. Her
tremes of folly and philosophy. Conwrites, “ that, for any thing we know, he
sider the fatuity of whole regions, (the devil) may (still) operate in the way with the eternity of the delusion, and of possessing. I do not see on what cer- the occasional credulity unconnected tain grounds any man can deny."-Ser- with religious opinions, which have mons, v. iii. p. 239. While this bishop commanded rumerous votaries in the favours the entry of devils into human superior ranks of society. Mesmer beings, Bishop Purteus, in paraphrasing imposed not only on the multitude, the 10th verse in the 18th chapter of but many eminent physicians es. Matthew, adopts the popular notion of
poused his doctrine of the efficacy of guardian angels.'
the magnet in medicine. The French Much ignorance prevails respecting Government offered to purchase the the doctrine of the Church of Rome secret from him, which he declined, on this point, and Protestants would but afterwards he sold the vain nosscarcely believe that it is optional trum for 30,0001. to three hundred with a Catholic to give credit to these pupils, who, in their turn, became miracles : yet, nothing more true. heads of magnetic schools. Then They are bound to believe that the there was Perkins and his metallic power of working miracles remains tractors, and the certificates of mediin the Church; but they are left to cal men in favour of their virtue : exercise their individual judgments and Greatrix, the Stroaker. All this respecting what is or is not an should teach sneerers and scoffers intervention of Divine Providence that men may be very foolish, and Apart froin all religious considera- very sincere. Dr. Adam Clarke, a tions, there was something about the man of extensive erudition and acmiracles of Prince Hohenlohe suffi- knowledged talents, has recorded his helief in a modern miracle.* With selfish motive. They wish to monothis fact before them, the Methodists polize all the miracles to themselves; should not have been found among and, with something like a spirit of the ranks of those who have endea- trade, cry down the cures of the voured to bring the Catholics into German, that they might secure the contempt for believing in the cures market for themselves. To extract of Prince Hohenlohe.
accounts of all the Protestant miraBut, it would appear, that the cles, although prohibited by Act of anger of Protestants arises from a Parliament, which have been recorded
* The following is Dr. Adam Clarke's account of the miraculous growth of a woman's bair :- Margaret Home, an inhabitant of St. Peter du Port, in the Isle of Guernsey (a woman of unblemished character, about seventy years of age), came to me to Les Terres, in June, 1787, to be electrified, hoping it would cure her of a settled deafness, by which she had been long afflicted. I gave her a few gentle shocks through the head, which were followed by such a severe head-ache as deterred her from making a second trial. This continued till the latter end of the same month, when, in a very singular manner, she was cured of that, together with a serere pain in her stomach and bowels, by which she had been long much distressed.
One Saturday evening, about the end of June, having combed out her grey hair, and, according to her custom, tied it on the top of her head (which it would barely do, being very short), she went to bed, and the next inorning was astonished to find, on taking off her cap, that her hair had, in the night, increased eight or ten inches in length. She immediately called Mrs. Johnson, in whose house she lodged, who, viewing it, was equally astonished, being perfectly acquainted with its former shortness. She now found that she could not conveniently put on her cap, her hair being so much increased beyond its former bulk; this induced her on Monday morning to cut off six or eight inches of the miraculous lock.
• The same day she was seized with a severe sickness, which constrained her to take to her bed, and induced her to exclaim thus to Mrs. Johnson and some of her neighbours : “ The Lord wrought a miracle for me, in causing my hair to grow so suddenly; but I have cut it off, and regarded not the operation of his hands, and now he has visited, and in judgment afflicted me. O Lord ! if thou wilt once more cause it to grow, I will keep it as a token of thy mercy as long as I live!” This was on Monday evening ; on Tuesday morning she found the pain in her head entirely gone, together with that in her stomach and bowels before mentioned. On examining her hair, she found it had once more grown eight or ten inches ! Since that time her bodily strength has been so amazingly increased, that she solemnly assured me, “She found her health and vigour nearly equal to what she possessed in the prime of life.” Indeed, I have been surprised to see her strength and activity evidenced in walking sometimes before me up the hill from Les Terres, being before well acquainted with the poor state of her health.
This miraculous lock (for so I must term it) is of a colour different from the rest of ber hair. The other part is entirely white, but this is of a very fine brown, only a little. mottled with grey. This is the real fact, of which there may be every attestation which the nature of the thing is capable of. The circumstances as above I have taken from the conjoint testimony of Mrs. Horne and Mrs. Johnson, who are both members of our Society in St. Peter's, and who walk in the light, love, and liberty of the Gospel of Christ.
• There are some, who, not being able to deny the fact, nevertheless say, they cannot see what end God can have in an affair so trivial as this. But, by the same mode of reasoning, they may deny the divinity of the Mosaic law, because they cannot immediately see the design of the fringes, loops, books, &c. which are mentioned therein ; and which, nevertheless, were typical of particular links in that important chain, let down from heaven to draw a world to glory: or, they may accuse the great Sir Isaac Newton of folly, when, like a child, he was employed in blowing concave globules of soap and water out of a tobacco-pipe ; for these wise men could not have foreseen that this would lead him to the much-admired discovery of the doctrine of light and colours.
• We, whose names are underwritten, having had a particular acquaintance with the person and fact as related in the above by Mr. Clarke, scruple not to add our testimony in vindication of its truth.
· CHARLOTTE JOHNSON, Rachel DowTEY,
during the last twenty years, would come hundred miracles recorded, not fill half a dozen numbers of our Ma- a whit less wonderful than this; yet gazine. Take the following as a these are the people who laugh at specimen, which we extract from a Catholic credulity. In this case, as in London religious publication : we others,' says our author, ‘ it happens question if any thing half so wonder that those who reproach the Irish for ful has found believers among the credulity are themselves the egremost ignorant Catholics.
gious victims of the most besotted • Mrs. J _-8, of Winchelsea, had been
on credulity. In 1809, Bath was emptied
creau much afflicted for many years, with a of its inhabitants, because it was procontinual inward pain of body; yet applied phesied that on a certain day it was to to none but the great and wise Physician be overwhelmed by an earthquake. of body and soul. She laid her case before Last August, Caermarthen was thinned him in prayer: sincerely entreated him to of its people, for Merlin prophesied deliver her from the dark veil she had been that it should be destroyed by an inunder for some time, respecting her soul; undation. Who has not heard of to forgive her sins, and take her to himself. Marv Toft, who brought forth rabbits, But, if it was his blessed will she should
uld and of Joanna Southcott, * who raised
an be here a little longer, to heal and restore
the dead to life; whose pregnancy her to her former strength for the sake of
was proved by Dr. Reece; whose the Gospel, her husband, and children.
iOn July 29th, 1790, as she was lying votaries in London vouched she was in bed, fervently praying to God for par pregnant with the Messiah, votaries doning mercy, and likewise for a blessing amounting to many thousands, who on the preachers in conference, 'particu- meet in a temple having an inscription, larly for our aged and honoured father, “ The House of God,” in which the Mr. Wesley, the Lord broke in upon her Rev. Mr. Toser officiated as high soul in a wonderful manner. At the same priest, and who'still continue to meett time she saw her Saviour stand at her in Pitt Street, and in different parts?'bed's feet, and thought she was going to (Times, Sept. 10, 1824.) The memory him; and was willing to leave this world,
world, of such things should chastise the suher husband, children, and all.
• Her hands and feet were cold and stiff. perlative indiseretion of the English, She then prayed to the Lord, if he had who rail night and day at the creduforgiven her sins, to give a proof of it in lity of the Irish. healing her side. When immediately her hands and feet grew warm; she could use . Besides, does not the Protestant them; her side was healed, and her pain church effect many miracles daily, gone.' She rejoiced in God her Saviour, and, like Hohenlohe's, of the sanative and sung part of a hymn.
order, by praying ? Prayers are offered • She sent for her husband, and told generally for the sick, and indivihim what the Lord had done for her ; that dually and by name also, in all he had not only forgiven her sins, but
ut churches and chapels.
hur healed her side. They then rejoiced to
have or have not effect : if ineffectual, gether: she got out of bed, and came down stairs, to the astonishment of the people they are worse than absurd ; if effecwho saw her. Since that time she has tual, they are miraculous.-(Observe. been better in health than for many years l argue all these points logically, and past, and also walked in the light of not as a theologian, saying that ProGod's countenance ever since.
testants are not authorized to flout • She desires that the above may be believers of modern miracles.) made public, for the glory of God, and for 'Again, prayers for wet and for the encouragement of all persons who may dry weather were offered during the be in similar circumstances.
summer of 1823, by the Protestant CHARLES Kyte.
TE. clergy. To be sure, the rain did not Whoever takes the trouble of turn- then intermit; at last it ceased, and ing over the religious publications of the clergy recognised the boon by a Protestants and Dissenters will find thanksgiving. Now, this implies a
* A follower of this mad woman was tried the other day at Lancaster, for having taken away a child's life in the act of circumcising it. His name was Henry Lee, and he appeared to be of rather a respectable rank in life. -Ed.
+ They are numerous at Ashton-under-Line, and at Colne. Times, Oct. 4, 1824.