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ladies. Of his history I knew but imposes no obstacles to the progress little; he had, I understood from my of industry. Butmother, been educated for the Church Englishmen,' I interrupted,' are of Rome, but declined holy orders, neither so foolish nor so happy as you and was now preparing for the Bar. imagine; for they, like other men,

My uncle and cousins received me have to encounter difficulties in their with

every mark of affectionate kind- progress to fame and fortune; and ness; and on the morning after my probably the same perseverance here arrival, as I was expressing to Ma- would meet with similar success.' lachy the happiness I really felt, he I spoke, of course,' he replied, replied ironically, “Oh, you will be in general terms, and, if understood quite comfortable; the Collough,* a in that sense, my observations were Knockfane beauty, arrayed in all her correct. The impediments of circumnative charms, will be your femme stances only stimulate industry, as de chambre; and you will have the the violence of the mountain stream prince of valets in the Bockcha ;t is increased by the rocks that interwhile the Gomulaght will act as your rupt its progress; but where law, auMercury, should any of our moun- thority, and prejudice, intèrpose their tain nymphs attract your regard. My influence to mar the designs of indifather, should you grow attached to viduals, miscarriage is without blame, the bottle, will bear you company at and defeat is to be expected. home, and my brother abroad. But, • As an apposite illustration,' he if a rational companion would be continued, ' let me allude to myself. more agreeable than either of these, I do not mean to say that my talents I beg you may command the services are of the first order ; neither will I of your humble cousin.'

affect to deny that they are respectI smiled at this description, though able. My education has been liberal, part of it was quite unintelligible to and the total absence of fortune and me; and, walking over to the window, patronage are circumstances sufficient I drew his attention to the prospect to make me diligent. Yet which it commanded, by remarking do? Nothing but mope about these on its beauty.

old ruins, hunt hares upon the moun• Ay, cousin,' he replied, un- tains, and vegetate in these secluded der other circumstances

Castle wilds, discontented with my situation, would be a delightful residence; but a burden to others, and useless to its attractions have long ceased to myself.' please me. In fact, they only remind * I thought,' said I, that you were me that I am an alien in the land preparing for the Bar?' of my fathers, and that the natural Ay, ay,' he replied, like a hunadvantages of my country are to be dred others, who propose doing someenjoyed only by strangers or rene thing because they are in want of emgades.'

ployment. How can I hope to sucCome, come,' I returned, your ceed where so many have failed? The observations must be unjust. Talents Four Courts, indeed, are open; and the such as you possess need only be ex- law at length permits a Catholic barerted to be rewarded ; and, if the first rister to raise his voice for a client; place in the country is not attainable, but where he is prohibited from wears a more enviable station is_independ- ing a silk gown, or filling the meanest ence and respectability.'

office in the court, is there any won“My dear cousin,' he replied, 'you der that his bag is briefless? Practice, are a Protestant and an Englishman, prejudice, and precedent, are against and know not the privations which him; and, from their perpetual opewe Papists and Irishmen are obliged ration, to contend with these would be to endure. Accustomed to the admi- to attempt the labour of Sisyphusnistration of impartial justice, and to do one day what you had done the familiar with the triumphs of merit, day before, and every evening muryou imagine that talents are every mur to find yourself still disapwhere sure of reward, and that law appointed.

can I

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* An ugly old woman.

† A lame man.

# A kind of rutional idiot.

some reason.

• No,' he continued, “I have from story is a long one, I must defer it to the present state of things no hopes a future occasion; and, as I am not from the Bar. The profession I have at liberty to disclose his name, I. relinquished has in it more of cer- shall introduce him here under the tainty. He that could humble him- cognomination which he bore among self to beg from paupers might keep his friends—the Exile. He consented himself from starving, and perhaps to stop to dinner; and I was not a grow rich on the donations of poverty: little pleased by the arrival of another but neither my feelings nor my pride guest-my recent acquaintance, Emwould allow me to stoop to such met. Of his business or purpose I practices; and therefore I declined a was then ignorant; but his manners, vocation which, however, I reverence conversation, and eloquence, were so and respect.

attractive and pleasing, that I had • Confess the truth,' said I, laying formed a very high opinion of his my hand on his shoulder as he walked merits, and esteemed him accordover to the window where I was stand- ingly. Would to God!- but there ing; ' confess the truth, cousin Ma- is no use in moralizing now. lachy, for I have heard it surmised in When the cloth was removed, the London that it was some bewitching conversation turned on the politics of earthly vision, some creature scarcely the day, and the state of Ireland. mortal, who first distracted your Eimet, always the enthusiast, inpiety. Say, sinner, was she not sisted that there were no hopes of reclothed in petticoats?'

dress unless by an appeal to armsI will admit,' he replied with a the last resource of the oppressed. smile, or at least an endeavour to smile, • The patriot and the philanthro

that the ill-natured and censorious pist,' replied the Exile, will hesitate have attributed what they call my to recommend the application of phyapostasy to some such cause; and sical force to the removal of a politiperhaps I cannot deny but they had cal evil, because the benefit of suc

With you I will be cess is problematical, while the micandid, and acknowledge that most sery of failure is certain. Abortive of my unhappiness, and a sense of rebellion has ever been the forge my political degradation, have, in a wherein tyrants have wrought chains great measure, proceeded from a pure for nations, and by which the spirits and sincere attachment to a woman of men have been the most effectually of virtue and accomplishments. I subdued. Insurrections, prematurely might, it is true, unite my fate with commenced, have done more injury hers; augment the number of slaves; to the cause of truth and freedom than and stand myself a nucleus for col- all the kings that ever exister. lecting the reproaches of her friends,

· Leave revolutions to the progress and the censure of the world. Sooner of events, and to the march of public than make myself,' he proceeded ve- opinion. These will do their work hemently,' such an object of scorn with the certainty of fate ; and, what and contempt, I would risk my life in is more, they will do it appropriately, any endeavour to redress the wrongs, and suit the light of freedom to the which cut me off from every honor- national vision; they will gradually able pursuit, and debar my progress accustom the slave to walk without to respectability and independence.' his chains, and suit the measures of

Our conversation was here inter- the government to the disposition of rupted by the announcement of a

the people. stranger, who proved to have been a . It is a principle in society that it schoolfellow of Malachy's. He had must resolve itself into its original been obliged to expatriate himself elements, which consist in individual from Ireland during the preceding benefit and general happiness. This five years, in consequence of his con- is the end of all society; and to this nexion with the business of Ninety- end it perpetually tends, under whateight, and had only then returned to ever form of government men may his friends, who lived in the neigh- live; and there is no form from which bourhood of (astle

As his they cannot derive a portion of feli

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city, as becs extract their liquid sweet But,' interrupted my uncle, 'sup. from the flowers of the most noxious pose we should admit the Irish Goplants.

vernment to be a tyranny, we must • But the moment existing institu- not forget that it may be irritated tions prove inimical to general good, to revenge any attempt at self-emanfrom that moment their downfall may cipation, should that attempt fail be dated; for they then become a ty- of success. We know such efforts ranny; and, as tyranny is not the off- have already proved abortive ; and, if spring of Nature, it quickly meets the we cannot profit by experience, we fate of all abortive things:--it is either must submit to the consequence of overwhelmed in the general indigna- error. Your enthusiasm does honour tion, or it drops all its ferocity, and to your heart; and, if there be a fault sinks into insignificancy; as Sylla, which admits of palliation, it is that from being the most atrocious of pa- amiable and generous one which tricides, became the humblest of Ro- springs from excessive partiality to mans. Tyranny can have no perma- freedom-- that idol of mankind, so nent existence, as it is always op- often sought for, and so seldom found. posed to the designs of Providence But, like the adventurers in search and the interests of society.'

of the land of the living, we may, in • With some limitation,' said Em- pursuit of the goddess, discover new met, ‘1 an inclined to subscribe to regions to compensate for our toil, your opinion, that the politic body, and reward us for our journey :like the corporal frame, possesses may light upon rational freedom while within itself a radical cure for many we are seeking liberty. But what no external diseases, as well as most in- nation has yet realized it is not a deternal ones; and that the application gradation to us to want: and, since of supposed remedies, in many in- the British constitution is acknowstances, serves only to obstruct or im- ledged to be the most perfect system pede the progress of convalescence; of government in Europe, let us be or, at best, does only for Nature what content to seek admission into that Nature would have done for herself. without plunging into the sea of But this is one of those rules which anarchy, to

dive after Utopian admit of exceptions, whether applied pearls. to society or individuals; for there • Even admitting,' returned Emmet, are certain cases in which Nature re- " that the English constitution be the quires assistance: and, though the in- best possible form, it does not follow stances are few, the necessity of ap- that it is therefore more available to plication is not the less obvious. The Irishmen. On the contrary, the very mortified limb requires amputation, attributes for which it is lauded are and the career of oppression should those that must for ever exclude them be arrested. Nature here solicits aid; from a participation in its blessings. and, if not timely obtained, death and The Irish Catholic, like the foolish tyranny triumph.

peasant in Horace, may wait for ages And the triumph,' interrupted the on the verge of the constitution withExile, 'is accelerated if the physician out seeing the food of intolerance mistake the case.'

pass, for the fountain which supplies * But,' rejoined Emmet, “there are it is inexhaustible. symptoms and appearances which in- What,' he continued, o is the dicate the disease beyond the possi- boasted English Government? Is it bility of doubt; and, if ever it was the not a compound of Church and State? duty of men to oppose injustice and and if the preservation of the forms oppression, that duty devolves noiv of the constitution, and of its prinon the people of Ireland. Every cir- ciple, be the same, we inust adlınit cumstance inperiously calls upon that whatever should separate these them to assert and enforce their nust occasion destruction to the rights; and, as they cannot be with whole. This is the opinion of all held, it only requires an effort to the political writers, from Hooker to snatch them from the feeble grasp of Paley; and what has been so often tyrannv.

enforces, and so frequently acted.



upon, is not likely to be disregard. in Ireland, like the pigeon in Paley, ed when Catholics ask for emanci- is fed by the toils, privations, and pation.

hardships of millions. Corruption is Men, however obtuse their intel- the bud it springs from, and whatever lect, know pretty well when they pos- destroys that corruption destroys Prosess an advantage; and the more de- testantism in Ireland.' ficient they are in understanding, the Rather say,' interrupted my uncle, more obstinate are they in denouncing that it would destroy its luxuriance, all innovations that tend to impair or but improve its fruit; that it will undermine their own privileges. The make it the religion of the heart, and Church, as established by law, is not of the passions; and that it would nearly omnipotent in the legislature; direct men in the way to heaven, and and it is not in the nature of things tó not to the Court. This is what it expect that it will admit Catholics to wants; this, however needful, is not a participation of power, when they to be effected in a moment, lest, in know one claim only leads to an- eradicating the weeds, we destroy the other; and that the man who has once hopes of harvest. The progress of beheld Liberty will not desist until he right thinking, and proper feeling, is possesses her. Emancipation cannot rapid in Ireland. I remember when satisfy the Catholics; for, though it the opening of Parliament closed the may put them in possession of most doors of the Catholic Chapels, and of their rights, it will not procure when a Papist could not vote for a them justice while the Protestant member of the legislature that was to Church, like a mighty incubus, tor- tax him. But now how different the tures the people, while it paralyses case is; and who shall be presumptive their energy, and blasts all hope of enough to say, thus far liberality shall improvement. The abolition, or com- go, and no farther? Protestant jusmutation, of tithes, would follow tice has done much in redressing Caemancipation as surely as the dawn tholic wrongs.' of day is succeeded by the rising • Pardon me, sir,' interrupted Emsun; and so well is the Church met, but I cannot admit your posiaware of this, that emancipation never tion. That Catholic privileges have will be granted.

been increased I don't mean to dis• The self-interest of the Church pute; but I am borne out by facts alone is sufficient to exclude Catho- when I allege that they have been lics from power, even overlooking its wrung from Protestant fears, and not intolerance, prejudice, and bigotry. conceded by legislative justice; and But, taking all these into considera- that they were bestowed upon Cation, what rational hope of einancipa- tholics, not for their benefit, but to - tion can the Irish Catholic entertain? increase the power and wealth of Would you have him remain, like the Protestants, as the Roman bondsmen foolish peasant, idly waiting on the were patronised by their masters. verge of freedom for the torrent of • What have Catholics gained these interest and animosity to pass by, that, fifty years? The privilege to vote at at the expiration of a thousand or elections; but, recollect, they must ten thousand years, he might step vote for a Protestant candidate. The unobstructed into the possession of privilege to serve in the army, but his political rights ?

only in the rank of subalterns, under • But not only the Protestant Protestant officers. The privilege to Church, but the Protestant laity, hold and purchase lands, because Promust, while men's interests influence testants wanted to let and sell them. their actions, oppose emancipation. When you add to these the privilege There is scarcely a Protestant family of going to mass, because Protestants in Ireland that does not benefit, di- dare not prevent them, you have enurectly or indirectly, by the system that merated the mighty blessings conoppresses the country. They hold, ferred upon Catholics. To call this exclusively, places of trust and emo- justice is to libel common sense ; and lument. The Church is open to the to tell the Catholics to be grateful son, the Corporation to the father, is to insult their reason and their and the Castle to all. Protestantism feelings.'

Vol. 1.-No. 3.


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• But have they not,' asked my or risking national tranquillity: Conuncle, been made eligible to certain cession first sprung from one or both situations of trust?'

of these causes,

and, like water, must Yes,' rejoined Emmet,' the legis- run on while they continue to operate, lature gave them the key of certain till it comes to its own level; that is, offices, but the Protestants remained until there is nothing more to coninside to bolt the door. It was an cede. The progress of knowledge act of solemn mockery; for, when and events are neither to be resisted men are excluded from privileges by nor evaded, and these must shortly practice, it is a poor compliment to place the Catholic on a perfect equamake them eligible by law. But the lity with his Protestant fellow-sublittle concessions from time to time ject. They will then find their intemade to Catholics fulfilled their pur- rests to be the same, and every benefit pose: they were the rattles intended to be mutual.' to please the infancy of national dis- • A consummation devoutly to be content, but they could not please wished, rejoined Eminet; . but, like long; for, as the people grew out of the base of the rainbow, however near leading-strings, they required some- it appears, is, I fear, never to be arthing more substantial than the bau- rived at. Legislators are but indifbles which pleased their childhood. ferent barometers for ascertaining the

• To prevent growing discontent strength of public opinion-and ours from bursting into hostility has been least of all, for an act, before it bethe temporizing policy of the Go- comes effective, has to run the gauntvernment. Justice never entered into let through every form of governtheir measures; for Justice is con- ment, from democracy to despotism. sistent, and would not have granted The House of Commons might pass to a Catholic in Ireland what she it, but it would be cushioned either refused to a Catholic in England. by the aristocracy or the monarch; Here the cloven-footed motive ap- and, on the subject of Catholic emanpears, behind the folds of the acts cipation, his Majesty's opinion is of parliament. From the English pretty generally known. Thus the Catholics, few in number, they had hope of Catholic freedom has not nothing to fear; but from those of only to encounter the intolerance and Ireland, if their constitutional appre- interest of one part of the legislature, hensions were sincere, every thing to but the ignorance and prejudice of dread:

: yet they neglected the Catho- another. After this, whoever would lics at home, and transmitted their preach patience would be well qualiconciliating liberality across the fied for undertaking the cleansing of Channel. Can you doubt the reason ? another Augean stable.' Was it not to bribe the Irish Ca. Kings,' said my uncle, tholic to forbearance? and, had their tal, and live only the natural age of brethren in England been equally other men. His majesty, it is said, is as resolute and as formidable, they opposed to unqualified emancipation, would have experienced the same but it is hoped his successor will be bounty upon their loyalty. Ireland of different principles; and we know has received nothing from Government the will of the king is omnipotent. but what has been extracted from its His prerogative, like the caduceus of fears by the course of events and the Mercury, can lay the bench of bishops force of circumstances.'

asleep, or infuse into their souls all • A wise nation,' said the Exile, the attributes of Christian charity. will expect nothing from the justice It can hush the still small voice of or generosity of others, but will hope expectancy, and command the vote every thing from their selfishness and of every man in office. We may say their pride. Ireland, it is true, has of it, as a foreigner, enamoured of not received any thing because it was the British constitution, said of parą right, but because it was neces- liaments~" It can do any thing but sary; nor need the Catholics expect make a man a woman and a woman a any further privilege while it can be man." What then may we not exsafely withheld by the Government, pect when George the Fourth shall without incurring national reproach, fill the throne in all the omnipotence

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