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accidentally learnt the accusation little. • It displays,' he says, the against the stranger, and proclaims dangers of passion in a pure and himself the murderer. The delibera ardent mind which has not learnt to tions are again disturbed, when the moderate itself; which has disdained Baron de Valdebourg, who has been the trammels of ordinary life ; which miraculously preserved from death, is involved in vagueness and idealism; appears, and puts an end to the in- which is lost in contemplative revestigation.

veries, and of which no religious The stranger, in an interview with principle has formed the basis. It Arthur, informs him that she can shows to what excesses a heart full never be his ; and makes him promise of virtuous and honourable sentito marry the Lady Izolette, who loves ments may be led, relying only upon him no less than he loves the stranger. itself, and despising acknowledged The marriage is concluded; but Ar- customs and sacred duties.' thur feels that his heart is too deeply

The chief fault of this romance is, engaged to the stranger ; and his that it is wanting in all those details passion is at its height when he which form the chief charm in learns that she is the deposed writings of this description. It is queen of Philip Augustus. In a pa- full of that passionate and poetical roxysm of despair, he tears open his feeling for which the Vicomte is so wound; and dies. The queen refuses remarkable ; and we learn with reto reascend the throne, and dies the gret, which is, however, tempered by victim of her passion for Arthur; our incredulity, that this is the last while the amiable Izolette, who is romance we are to expect from him. much more to be pitjed than any one He is going to devote himself to histoelse, retires to a monastery. Thus rical, perhaps to poetical, composiends this romance, upon the moral of tions--at least he says so-nous which the author piques himself not a

verrons.

THE WOES OF WAR.

By the Author of · The Plagues of Ireland,' &c.

**

Lo! the dark page is opened, and we read
The tale of thousands in one conflict perishing-
Of thousands shaped and gifted as ourselves,
Formed e'en like us for sorrow or for joy,
Dropping unwarned into a hasty grave,
Mangled and gory with their sins still on them,
Because some ideot willed it!-And this tale,
Though touching, moves us not; for the weak world
Hath to this sport of sovereigns lent its sanction.
Oh! could we walk the fields where crowds have died,
And view them in their dark and dreamless slumber,
And think that each poor sufferer rotting there
Had in his distant home some tie that bound him
To earth’s mixed multitude,-a sire, a mother,
Or wife, or babe, or sister, whom he loved
Could we but mark these lonely and unfriended ones-
Could we but scan the agonies of each,
Hearing or viewing their first burst of sorrow-
The orphan's sob, the wife or mother's shriek,
Or the sire's tearless misery-might we not
Turn, and, in utter bitterness of heart,
Call on the God of Justice to look down,
And, in the fulness of indignant pity,
Send forth his slumbering lightnings to consume
Those sceptred pests that desolate the world ?

ROBERT EMMET AND HIS COTEMPORARIES. NO. III.

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The Resources of Ireland, &c. Having spent a feir days in admir- land, and that she is able to compel ing the beauties of the county of what it is her interest to desire.' Wicklow, I made a trip to Dublin « That she desires it,' he replied, to transact some business of my fa- 'I have no doubt; but that she is ther's. The person on whom I had able to compel it I unhesitatingly to call was from home, and, in the deny. The belief in England's suabsence of all other engagements, I perior strength has too long prevailed amused myself in strolling through in this kingdom; but is now, happily, the streets, and viewing the public beginning to disappear. In comparbuildings. From the Castle I was ing the two countries, we must exproceeding to St. Patrick's Cathedral, clude from our estimation every thing when, in an obscure lane, I met my but physical strength alone, and then young friend Mr. Eminet. With the balance will be entirely in favour that kindness which characterized of Ireland ; for, I believe, it will be him he seized my hand, gave it a readily admitted that she has the friendly squeeze, and then inquired greater military population; and, in if I had dined. Being answered in a struggle for liberty, men only are the negative, he took my arm, and, valuable. It is a matter of arithmeafter walking through several by- tical calculation. Ireland can, in the streets, he led me into an obscure event of a well-organized revolution, tavern, and ordered dinner in a pri- turn into the field between seven and vate room.

eight hundred thousand effective I have seldom spent a happier men-an army certainly more numehour, in my life, than I did that even- rous than any force England could ing with Emmet. His manners, his send against her.' eloquence, and the sincerity, as well Admitting your calculation to be as the kindness, which breathed correct,' I returned, you are not to through every thing he said, banish- deny the superiority of disciplined ed all reserve on my part, and we troops over rebel numbers. An conversed more like long-tried friends army of fifty thousand men would than casual acquaintances. We talked soon rout your invincible phalanx.' of literature, of London, and of

po

• The time has passed, my dear sir,' litics. My sentiments regarding Li- he rejoined, when such an exploded berty—the goddess he idolized—were notion found credence among manwarm; and, as I spoke with becom- kind. In a barbarous age, when two ing abhorrence of tyranny, he seemed armies drew up within gun-shot of delighted with my opinions. Before each other, each serving as an imwe separated he made me promise to moveable target for its opp nent to call on him that night at his lodg- fire at, such a belief was natural, heings; and, when I did so, about eight cause he who possessed a musket had o'clock, I was agreeably surprised to a fearful advantage over the man who find the Exile there before me. After had not But modern times supper the conversation took a poli- have a different and more natural tical turn, and Emmet, whose mind mode of warfare: personal prowess was then filled with the project of now, as in periods of antiquity, is liberating his country, began to ex- likely to be victorious; and all necespatiate on the ease with which Ire. sary discipline can be learned in a land could throw off the English very few days. A man does not neyoke, and the benefits that would cessarily acquire either superior couensue from such a measure.

rage or address from the colour of Your enthusiasm, my friend,” said his coat; and a soldier with a fixed I, interrupting him, • carries you be- bayonet has no advantage over a fierce yond the bounds of probability; for, peasant with a well-tempered pike. in anticipating a revolution in this Almost every victory of modern times country, you forget that England has been gained by coming to close calculates on the subjection of Ire- action; and that mode, to which a

one.

well-regulated army is indebted for a nation has been unanimous. It is success, is as available to a deter- giving the enemies of man a new mined band of freemen as to any weight, to add to the burden of ophired troops in Europe.

pression, by dignifying pigmy insurBut, as different animals have rections and partial rebellions with different modes of attack and de- the name of open revolt. They should fence, an insurgent army has a dis- rather be called sanguinary riots : cipline of its own, recommended by and, thus reduced to their proper reason, and sanctioned by experience. level, their ghosts might not be sumWith walled towns and close garri- moned from oblivious neglect to scare sons they have nothing to do: the mankind from an assertion of their hills of their country serve them as rights. Instances of national resusplaces of retreat; marshes, rivers, citation are neither few nor unfreand lakes, are their best bastions; quent. Tyranny was expelled from while defiles afford them opportu- Rome by the rebellion of the people ; nities of attack, and woods and val- and Switzerland and the Netherlands leys serve them as places of ambush. are memorials of successful revolts.

** The face of nature solicits the In our own day America has shown oppressed to regain their freedom; what a few thousand peasants could and, certainly, no country on the accomplish when actuated by a globe has so many invitations to re- love of liberty. Ireland is superior volt as our own. Scarcely a mile, in numbers to any of these ; equals from one extremity of the island to them in address and courage; and is the other, in which an hostile army stimulated by wrongs greater than could not be successfully harassed, have been experienced by all these and, if needful, successfully op- together. posed. To this may be added, that Soldiers are but men; and, genean Irish insurgent army would mate- rally, the most imbecile of men. rially differ from a similar one in any Let the people be taught to despise other kingdom of Europe ; for nearly the glare and glitter of polished arms, every peasant, and certainly every and the terror they are wont to inman above the rank of a peasant, is spire will be converted into objects of intimately acquainted with the use of ridicule and contempt. Happily an fire-arms. Those near the sea-shore opinion prevails in Ireland that a (and those are a large portion) are ex- soldier is an inferior mortal; and cellent marksmen; while the inha- that three hundred athletic peasants bitants of inountains, and the neigh- would be equal to a regiment of a bourhoods of bogs, lakes, and thousand men. I don't say that this marshes, are expert fowlers. The opinion is correct; but it must be Wexford insurgents, in the late re- admitted that, in case of a rising, it bellion, gave a proof of their abili- would be of infinite service, as tendties; and showed that the peasantry ing to inspire confidence in the inof Ireland, when aroused, are nothing surgents, and contempt for their eneinferior to the best disciplined troops mies—two things that materially conin Europe.'

duce to victory • I know it,' interrupted the Exile, 'Leaders, in a harassing war, would • for I witnessed their skill in bring- be easily procured; for the sagacity ing down an enemy; and I must con- of an unlettered peasant might serve fess that, had they leaders of expe- for the purpose. "Who does not rerience, they were nothing inferior, member the servant-boy at Oulard, man for man, to any force that might whose advice was followed by the debe brought against thein.'

struction of a whole regiment?• There is always a deficiency,' said Great occasions produce great men; 1, in some part, that renders every and generals are formed in the study effort of the remainder abortive. as well as in the camp. The CathoOut of a hundred revolts, scarcely lics are not now what they formerly one has been successful.'

were : intelligenee is diffused; thouPardon me,' said Emmet, if I sands of them are in the British set you right; for history furnishes army; and every man of these would us with few instances of failure where desert on the first opportunity, if there were a hope of their country- of this country? They are not to be men being successful; for the amor procured.' patriæ is not extinguished by the im- • The loyal part of the people,' position of the military oat

said I, 'would volunteer in defence *All this is very plausible,' I re- of their king and laws. Many Caturned, over a tumbler of punch; tholics, and nearly all the Protestbut saying and doing are two things. ants, would support the arıy.' While your rebel thousands would be * Loyalty in Ireland,' rejoined Emcutting off one regiment, the British met, “is a very scarce commodity; navy would be landing twenty. and, when brought to the test, I beMoney is power; and, while Eng- lieve the greater part of what is proland has an Exchequer, she can easily fessed would be found, like the shield procure soldiers. A host of Ger- of Martinus, to be a deceit. In the inans, as in Ninety-eight, could be event of rebellion, few Catholics landed on your shore; and, if need- would be trusted; and the Protestful, the Autocrat of Russia would ants, when opposed to the people, furnish twenty or thirty thousand would be only like an infant in the Cossacks.'

grasp of a giant. But it would be *Oppression,' replied Emmet, “per- libelling the independent Protestants petuated by knavery, is to be removed of the kingdom to suppose they do only by prudence. There is a sea- not feel the degradation of their son (said the wise man) for all things; country with as much quickness as and a time for sowing the seed of dis- any other body of men, or doubting, affection as well as sowing the seed for a moment, that they would not of plants. Tyranny is a monster lend their assistance in achieving her that is to be attacked only in the liberty. The base and grovelling weakest parts; and experience tells wretches who feed on the tainted us that the Irish Government is most carcass of corruption might, indeed, feeble when England is engaged in make a show of resistance; but war. In Eighty-two, Ireland obtain- thousands of Irish Protestants, and ed from Great Britain all she de- the great body of the Northern Presmanded ; because her oppressors, byterians, would fly to the standard being unable to oppose, were com- of independence, and unite with their pelled to concede. Such opportuni- Catholic countrymen in resisting the ties of casting off the yoke of foreign enemies of freedom. Can this addomination have occurred, and will mit of a doubt, when we recollect perpetually present themselves to the that these very men were the originapeople of Ireland; for it is one of tors and fomentors of the last rethe ways of Providence, for which bellion?' mankind should be grateful, that no But did not,' I asked, “the leadnation need endure permanent op- ers of the last rebellion calculate on pression, as the means of freedom foreign assistance ?' are, in the revolution of events, * * And so may all future leaders,' from time to time, in the power of returned Emnet. I know the opithe people.

nion of the French Consul on that • Your dreaded armies of barba- subject, and have no hesitation in asrous Cossacks and German boors serting that another Hoche would be could not, in time of war, be spared sent out, were there once a rising in to murder the people of Ireland ; Ireland. Where then would be the nor would the British navy be at lei- chance of England holding this counsure to convey such unworthy freight try in subjection? The very effort Take the present time, for example, would be her own ruin; for, if she (and such a time will often occur,) refused to acknowledge the indepenand where are the forces, even for dence of this island, an united Irish English money, to awe the people and French army would, in less than

* "The people, generally ill treated, and contrary to right, will be ready, upou all occasions, to ease themselves of a burden that sits heavy upon them: they will wish and seek for the opportunity, which, in the change, weakness, and accidents, of human affairs, seldom delays long to offer itself.'-Locke on Government.

Vol. I.-No. 4.

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six months, sit before the gates of Even if he wished it, he could not ; London.'

for the people who arose to shake off I must say you are an enthusiast, one yoke would never submit to enMr. Emmet, said I ; "and, if a Cock- dure another; and Ireland is fully ney heard your statement, how he able to expel the most potent power would shake his sides with laughter!' in the world who should attempt to

‘Ridicule,' rejoined Emmet, is enslave her. Fashion has too long but a poor weapon against the force coincided with interest to treat this of reason. The Grecians despised country with indifference; but, the Thebes ; but Thebes humbled both moment she compares her strength Athens and Sparta. Rome contemn- with that of other nations, she will ed those she called barbarians; but, blush for her present abject condition. behold, those barbarians ultimately Of the twenty states of Europe, she is destroyed Rome! The history of the inferior only to four,t equal to four I world is full of such instructive les- others, and superior to the remaining sons; and those who will no: learn twelve. § I will not laud either the wisdom from the volume of experi- courage or enterprise of my countryence must expect to endure the con- men; but their greatest enemy must sequence of folly. England once adınit that they possess these qualiheld the same opinion of America ties in an eminent degree; and these that she does now of Ireland ; and no qualities are all that is wanted to doubt she will, one day, be made to make a nation independent.' acknowledge the latter as erroneous as • And if separated from England the former; for Ireland is now nearly to-morrow,' said I, “ Ireland must retwice as strong as America was at the sort to some other country for what time of the revolution.'

this island does not produce.' • There is no doubt,' returned the • That is,' replied Emmet, 'she Exile, 'but, with foreign assistance, belongs to the great family of naIreland might separate herself from tions, and must resort to commerce ; England; but I am very far from re- and so must all countries. But, garding such an event as desirable, though a wall of brass, as Berkley for then we should only change mas- said, were raised round Ireland, she ters; as those who came as friends could maintain twice her present inwould remain to domineer, and, in habitants; and that's more than can place of being subject to England, be said of the sister kingdom. Spewe should be subject to France.' culators have detected our want of

• Such an opinion,' returned Em- various articles ; but they might as met, “is prevalent in England, and well say England cannot maintain her has found some advocates in Ireland; independence because she is obliged but it is quite erroneous. America to go to China for tea, and to Russia was assisted by France without being for hemp. Away with such objecenslaved. The French never con- tions—they deserve no answer: for, templated such a thing; for, if they if nations could not be free without had, Ireland was long since lost to possessing within themselves all a England: and I know Buonaparte in- nation wants, no country, except tended to make this country an inde- China, could be independent. pendent republic * at the tiine Hoche If ever Providence,' he contiwas sent here. The friendship of nued, destined any spot on this Ireland would be much better than globe for the residence of a pure reher possession to a foreign power; public, it was Ireland. Rousseau || and there are so many reasons for selected Corsica ; but, had he exmaking this apparent, that no Conti- tended his vision from the Mediternental sovereign would ever attempt ranean to the Atlantie, he would holding this nation in subjection. have discovered in this country all he

*• I would have separated Ireland from England; the former I would have made an independent republic.'-NAPOLEON.–Vide Voice from St. Helena.' + Russia, Austria, France, England.

Prussia, Spain, Turkey, Naples. ☺ Sweden and Norway, Denmark,

Portugal, Netherlands, Saxony, Hanover, Bava. jia, Switzerland, Sardinia, Tuscany, Popedom, Parina,

Du Contrat Social.

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