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work. The Catholic Bishop's conse- of his arrogant and unscriptural faith, to cration oath, Dr. Dromgole's speech, extirpate our religion, though it were in and the nonsense about indulgences, our ashes! were catered for him by Mr. Croly ; In this extract you have the gist and, of course, he merits all the of the reverend gentleman's argulaurels which bigotry has woven for ment—the cream of his hundred and the ht Reverend Father in God. forty-seven pages; and what reply
Intolerance, being ejected from the does he merit to this farrago of aspublic mind, has taken refuge in the sertions devoid of proof, and charges sanctuary of the Church, where it has which have been a thousand times secured a momentary protection from repelled? A monosyllable, à la Benthe guardians of religious monopoly; jamin Constant, might be a very but, if they cannot find better argu- proper answer; were it not necesments in support of the exclusive sary, for the sake of minds still unsystem than those put forth by Mr. der the influence of honest prejuCroly and the Bishop of Chester, the dice, and imposed on by similar acsooner they abandon exploded opi- cusations, to prove the whole devoid nions the better ; for statements, of truth, and thus leave illiberality which can be refuted by simple facts, without a shadow of support in its will in this age of inquiry excite only opposition to the Catholic claims. contempt or ridicule.
Upwards of forty years have elapsed • Popery,' says Mr. Croly, 'stands since Catholics swore that they nei. up against the liberty of man. Its ther pay nor owe civil allegiance* to civil principles are despotic ; its any foreign prince, potentate, or government is despotism ; it has pope ; and yet, in this boasted age been habitually connected with des- of knowledge, here is an A.M. and potic governments. In religion, it F. R. L. S. ignorant, or obstinate, shuts scripture upon the people; it enough to repeat the charge so long loads thein with a yoke of ceremo- and so often denied. He endeavours, nies, contrary to the spirit and com- indeed, to justify himself by alleging, mand of Scripture ; it throws down that civil allegiance is a dream the laity at the foot of the priest; it where spiritual allegiance is not claims á haughty and unlimited do- bound up with it. When he made minion over every other faith ; and it this notable assertion, I suppose, he urges this monstrous claim by into- forgot his theological studies ; and lerance and sanguinary persecution :' this is not so surprising, since he is
better known as a poet than a divine. "A sober inquirer should dare to ask, in there is an absolute, and very mate
I must, therefore, remind hirn, that that region of free discussion, what hin- rial, difference between civil and thedrance lies between the Papist and his full enjoyment of Protestant privilege ; what ological allegiance, as well as civil rough and towering barrier rises between and theological toleration. The one the luxurious possessor and the heroic and belongs to the individual, the other formidable outcast? Might he not be to his God; and there never can be surprised to hear, that the single condi- freedom where the government pretion is that of paying the common alle- scribes the religion of the subject. giance of the realm to the king. The oath Experience, as well as common sense, of supremacy is the general demand of confirms this; for the union of civil the constitution. The Papist refuses this and temporal power has ever been oath (which every other subject takes), destructive of national liberty. Caand demands the unconditional surrender tholicism, therefore, in a worldly of the last security of the rights and lives of Protestantism. And he refuses this point of view, is superior to most allegiance to his king, while he offers it to
other religions ; for it disclaims any a foreigner, and that foreigner elected to control over the proper allegiance his throne by the influence of foreign po.
of the individual, and allows him to tentates, who may be our enemies at any exercise his own judgment respecthour; himself the ancient disturber of ing the conduct and legality of his England, and bound by the severest bonds rulers; while it leaves him free to
* 31 Geo, III, c. 32,
pursue his rights in any manner which Catholic republics have sprung up in may seem most advantageous to him- spite of despotism, unassisted and self, provided he does not offend unopposed by the church they beagainst those laws which all man- longed to. Whether we consult the kind acknowledge and reverence.- records of the past, or the history of • In your proceedings, very reverend our own times, every thing tends to and dearly beloved brethren,' says a prove Catholicism. more liberal than Roman Catholic Prelate, who has the reformed creed. Hungary, Ausbeen unjustly stigmatized by Mr. tria, Maryland, France, &c. set the Croly as a traitor, 'avoid inter- first example of toleration;
and in no mingling the politics of the world nation, pretending to any thing like with the sublime and heavenly freedom, are men excluded in consemaxims of the Catholic religion- quence of religious opinions, except they have not the smallest connexion in England alone! So much for the with each other. The one is spiritual despotic principles of Catholicisin, and the other is temporal—the one and the boasted excellence of Proregards the transitory affairs of this testantism! Oh! George Croly, A.M. world, the other the eternal affairs of and F.R.L.S. read history before
you the world to come. As the Catholic write another political and theologifaith is a religion preached to all na- cal pamphlet. tions, and to all people, so it is suit- Now for another extract:able to all climes and ail forms of go- · The man who dares not confess the vernment-monarchies or republics Pope to be the head of Christ's church and -aristocracies or democracies. Des- Popery to be the true faith, is put altogepotic or popular governments are not ther out of the pale of salvation. And in the concerns of the Catholic faith. what ferocity would the believers in this
* It may well suit the laity dreadful doctrine legislate for us, if in our of your respective districts to pursue blindness and folly they were suffered to their temporal concerns, and their have the power! In what spirit of evil temporal politics, by such ways as
would men legislate for those whom they appear to them fair,' peaceable, and declared to be damned! or capable of salloyal.'*
vation only by being dragged into the
church of Rome!' The history of Europe illustrates this doctrine; for, though Catho- Who does not wonder, after this, licism has been found in con- that the Protestants and Dissenters nexion with despotism, it likewise of France, Austria, &c. &c. are not has been the religion of the most free dragged into the church of Rome, or states in Europe. At present the de- rather, who does not wonder at the mocratic portion of Switzerland is intolerant and uncharitable appeal Catholic; which religion was pro- made here, to the prejudice of Protesfessed by England when she obtained tants. Argument it has none, and the hat bulwark of her liberty-Magna whole statement is false; for though Charta. It was, therefore, in the Catholics hold that theirs is the only face of facts that Mr. Croly had the true church, they do not believe that temerity to say that Popery stands their neighbour is doomed to eternal up against the liberty of man. South perdition, because he conscientiously America is a case in point; for it adheres to the Protestant faith. Their proves two things: first, that Catho- religion, so much belied and misrelics are capable of appreciating and presented, restrains them from usurpobtaining their rights; and, secondly, ing the office of Omnipotence, and that their church”dares not interfere numbers presumption among sins the with their temporal concerns. The most deadly. They believe the surest mother country is Catholic; and if way to damn tliemselves would be to the Pope possessed the malignity and pronounce damnation on others, while, the power attributed to him, here was as Christians, they are taught that an opportunity for the exercise of mankind of every denomination are both : but he takes no notice, and their neighbours, and they are bound
* Pastoral Charge of Dr. Hussey, R. C. Bishop of Waterford.
to love their neighbour as themselves. form an exception. Protestants, CalThe Catholic Church has never taught vinists, Armenians, &c. &c. have prothe doctrinè, however confidently claimed the same doctrine, and if they it has been attributed to her, that had not, the world would have been those who die without her pale are unable to determine whether their necessarily damned. She has always wickedness or folly predominated. drawn a line between false doctrine For if they thought the Church of and those who conscientiously adhere Rome contained all the essentials of to error * ; and while she condemns salvation, their conduct was at once the sin, she prays for the sinner. absurd and criminal; because, if Hea
Can there possibly be a religion ven were to be obtained by continuing more tolerant than this ? Assuming Roman Catholics, why protest against that no two religions can be right, and popery, and preach against papists ? concluding that God cannot be pleased The truth is, they thought no such with error, Catholics certainly be- thing; and every one of their profeslieve that in their church there is sions of faith arrogates to themselves, every help to salvation, and this neces- as well as the Church of Rome, exclusarily is the doctrine of every religion sive salvation. on the globe, unless the Arnoeuntst I am tired with hearing Protestant
* As Mr. Croly appears to have read but very few Catholic books, I shall quote here, for his instruction, the opinions of an American, an Irish, and an English Catholic, respecting the doctrine of exclusive salvation ;
• Whilst the holy Catholic Church, guided by the Holy Ghost, for ever fulminates her anathemas, or curses, against all kinds of heresies, or false doctrines, she feels nothing but charity and compassion for so many individuals, professors of heresy; she charitably supposes them honest in their errors, and therefore not guilty, in the sight of God, of the crime of heresy. She considers them as invincibly ignorant of the true church, and consequently as excusable in the sight of infinite mercy.' Defence of Catholic Principles, by Demetrius A. Gallitzin, a R. C. Priest, United States of America.
• They consider that whoever is baptized is incorporated with Christ, “and has no damnation in him,” and that if he retained the grace of that first adoption, pure and unsullied until death, he enters Heaven, no matter to what sect or denomination of Christians, while on earth, he may have belonged. They believe that if there be such ignorance of truth in any one as cannot be removed, by prayer proceeding from a pure heart, and that industry and research which every person doubting is obliged to use in what coucerns his salvation, that such ignorance will screen him from the anger of his God; that he will not be punished for errors that are not wilful, nor judged by truths which he could not know. Letter of Dr. Doyle to Dr. Magee, Protestant Archbishop of Dublin.
Catholic divines, and the holy fathers, at the same time that they strictly insist on the necessity of adhering to the doctrine and communion of the Catholic Church, make an express exception in favour of what is termed invincible ignorance, which occurs when persons out of the true Church are sincerely and firmly resolved, in spite of all worldly allurements on one hand, and all opposition to the contrary on the other, to enter into it, if they could find it out, and when they use their best endeavours for this purpose This exception in favour of the invincible ignorant is made by the same saint Augustine who so strictly insists on the general rule. His words are these, The Apostle has told us to reject a man that is a heretic, but those who defend a false opinion, without pertinacious obstinacy, especially if they have not themselves invented it, but have derived it from their parents, and who seek the truth with anxious solicitude, being sincerely disposed to renounce their error as soon as they discover it, such persons are not to be deemed heretics. Our great controvertist, Bellarmine, asserts that such Christians, ' in virtue of the disposition of their hearts, belong to the Catholic Church.' Dr. Milner's End of Religious Controversy.
+* These people, living between Christians and Mahometans, and not being skilled in controversy, declare that they are utterly unable to judge which religion is best; but to be certain of not entirely rejecting the truth, they very prudently follow both ; they go to the Mosques on Fridays, and to ihe Church on Sundays, saying for their excuse, that at the day of judgment they are sure of protection from the true proplier, but which that is they are noi able to determine in this world. Lady Mary W. Montague, Letter XXVII,
liberality so ostentatiously proclaim- those who belong to the Church of ed, while the eighteenth article, and Rome are Idolaters ! the Athanasian Creed, form a part of I shall pass over Mr. Croly's expothe Book of Common Prayer. I care sition of the opinions of O'Connell, not for the casuistry that defends or &c. as individual inconsistency does extenuates these; they are there, and not militate against general arguwhile they continue to be printed and ments; but I cannot omit correcting sanctioned, let Protestants refrain from two mistatements of the worthy reproaching Catholics with their divine. First, he quotes from an creed, or admit that the established edition of Mr. Gandolphy's book Church is inconsistent, and that the which was condemned, and then tells doctrine she once taught is no longer us the work was approved of by the true. Some minor sects may not have Catholic Church, forgetting to say published these principles; their inso- which edition. Secondly, he says, lence may have been repressed by the Dr. Dromgole's speech was hailed paucity of their numbers, but their with eciat; whereas the board passed conduct announced what they had a resolution condemnatory of it. So not courage to proclaim; for if the much for Mr. Croly's accuracy; now old religion was correct, what need of for his logic and theological knowa new one?
ledge. I am no theologian, nor am I rea- The pope calls the council and soning on the abstract question of who dissolves it at pleasure. So his will is right, or who is wrong; all I mean is the law after all.' to prove is, that the harsh doctrine, I shall show the absurdity of this exclusive salvation, taken in its proper reasoning by a parody- The king sense, is chargeable on every other calls the parliament and dissolves it church as well as the Church of Rome, at pleasure. So his will is the law and if I had not facts to support me, after all.' I would rely on common sense alone. None of our Lord's miracles The question as it respects Protestants shock the human understanding.' and Catholics resolves itself into a Here is a notable discovery! Pray, very narrow compass. Are the Catho- Mr. Croly, did not our Lord himself, lics of Ireland right or not, in adhering apparently man, and declaring himto the religion of their forefathers ? If self the Messiah, shock the human the Protestants say they are not, my understanding? Which is more reassertion is proved; and if they are, pugnant to the human understandwhy endeavour to bring them into the ing,' God in the sacrament or God in established Church, or why deny them a carpenter's son?
Until you answer the rights of fellow citizens ?' Who this I have no further question to ask have persecuted them because they you ; though, had I more time, I were Catholics? Protestants. Who should laugh at your contempt of have excluded and continue to ex- penance, and your announcement of clude them ? Protestants. And yet we a prophetic war. Your comments on hear nothing, in or out of parliament, the sacrifice of the mass display your but Protestant liberality.
ignorance, and your knowledge of I could quote a host of Protestant, Irish history is as imperfect as your and other authorities, to prove that description of indulgences. There is Catholics are considered by them as not a barefooted brat in a hedgenot entitled to salvation. Not many school in Munster who could not sucdays since, I heard Mr. Irving an- cessfully repel your charges against nounce from the pulpit that Popery ,his religion. was the beast, the scarlet whore, &c. I send you the pamphlet, my dear But what need of proofs? Protes- Editor, that you may see what fudge tants, on entering office, swear that it contains; and believe me yours, the Catholic doctrines are damnable,
Rory, O'Rourke. and Mr. Croly has asserted over and Belford Square. over, in this stupid pamphlet, that
THOMAS CAMPBELL, ESQ. The life of this highly-gifted indi- return he came to London, and turned vidual presents few incidents calcu- his whole attention to literary purlated to impart novelty to his 'Me. suits. In 1803 he married, and went moirs.' Unlike many of his cotem- to reside at Sydenham, where, we poraries, there is nothing about him believe, he still lives. In 1809 he either eccentric or remarkable ; and, gave the world •Gertrude of Wyoafter stating that he has always sus- ming,' and other poems. This tale tained the character of a private gen- is written in the Spenserian stanza, tleman, his biographer has little more and is too well known and appreto do than specify the time of his ciated to need any comment from us. birth, and record the periods and On becoming Professor of Poetry complexion of his works.
to the Royal Institution, Mr. CampThomas Campbell was born at bell delivered a course of lectures, Glasgow, in the year 1777. He was since published in the New Monthly educated at the Grammar School of Magazine, of which he is the nomihis native city; and such was his ra- nal editor. He has also published pid progress in classical learning, • A selection of the Beauties of the that at the age of twelve he was en- English Poets ;' not very remarkable tered a student of the University, for the taste displayed in the selecwhere he distinguished himself the tion; but, in the introduction, he has following year by gaining an exhibi- given the world a code of poetical tion, or (as it is called there) a bur- criticism deserving a high place in sary on the foundation, by a victory English literature, not only for the over a man then esteemed the first justness of the remarks, but the elescholar in college, and who was, be- gance of the style in which it is sides, twice the age of our poet. The written. career he so triumphantly began con- Early in the present year he pubtinued during his academical course, lished " Theodric,' accompanied by for he successively gained every prize several minor pieces collected from for which he contended ; and, though the 'New Monthly. This last poem college fame is seldom a promise of has disappointed even his friends.; future excellence, yet, in Mr. Camp- and, we trust, the failure will only bell, more than the hopes he then stimulate him to some new exertion excited has been fulfilled. His ar- better calculated to sustain his poplication was as unremitting as his pularity. Mr. Campbell, with pargenius was remarkable ; and such donable fastidiousness, has not chosen was the merit of his translations from to acknowledge any but his poetical the Greek dramatists, that the last of works; but report says he is the them elicited a high eulogium from author of a history of the late the Glasgow Professor, at the time of king's reign. Many of his lyric his awarding the prize.
compositions and minor poems posMr. Campbell, on quitting Glas- sess the highest merit; and none gow, went to reside at Edinburgh, more than • Erin go bragh' and where he published his . Pleasures of O'Connor's Child;' two pieces which Hope;' a poem of such varied and declare his sympathy with the opcharacteristic excellence, that few in pressed people of Ireland, and which the English language are deservedly eminently entitle him to their gratimore popular. Critics, however, ob- tude and 'favour. His portrait, thereject to it, as exhibiting too much the, fore, must be acceptable to appearance of labour: but, in this readers ; and we can assure them it age of loose and irregular poetry, is an exact likeness, being copied perhaps what some consider a fault from a painting by the President of is not undeserving of commendation. the Royal Academy. In private life
In 1800 Mr. Campbell visited the Mr. Campbell is beloved by his Continent, where he remained about friends, and in public he is esteemed a year; the greater part of which for an inflexible attachment to the lime he spent in Germany. On his rights of man.