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were mailed to their chairs. The bellion to blind the government, and women, now-a-days, take great liber- to urge it to sanguinary measures. ties; we must do something to pre. Their adversaries unite, they display vent them. The company then be- their forces, and they have at their gan to talk upon two subjects, when head some persons to whom moderathe presence of the ladies might have tion is a part so new, that they play been useful to them—they were gal- it rather badly. The crowd follows lantry and fashions; and, on both them blindly, as crowds always do. these, it is well known that the fair Justice is, however, on their side, sex usually talk much better than and they claim only what they are
fully entitled to; they are right, and Asrasrafel becomes very tired of that is reason enough why we should England, when his secretary comes
Listen to me, my to bring him news that a subject of friend: since we are by ourselves, I contention has, arisen, which has will point out to you the course which thrown the whole country into con- a wise and good government would fusion. This is no other than the pursue under such circumstances; it question of Catholic emancipation, will serve as a contrast to that which which is treated by the satirist with will really be taken; and so much the great impartiality, and both sides better for us. Without permitting blamed, as both sides deserve to be itself to be influenced by the one or blamed. It will be seen that it was by the other, it ought to respect both; written before the recent decision this conduct is obvious, but it is diffihad put a temporary suspension to cult to follow. To do justice to a the hopes which had been entertained sect composed of a great part of the that this question would be set at rest force of the state is not less politic for ever. Still the views which are than it is just and necessary. It is taken of the subject are correct in . not surprising that men who are opthe main ; and it may, perhaps, not pressed will unite, to shield thembe unprofitable to us to learn the selves from that oppression. But it opinions of a by-stander on a ques- is not the government that oppresses tion which we are too near, and too them—it is not against the governmuch interested in, to see all the bear- ment that they have to defend themings of. Asrasrafel thinks that the selves—but against that infainous intelligence of his secretary is too sect of political pedlars wlio embroil good to be true.
and disturb every state for their own • It is impossible,' he says, 'that, mercenary ends, and who have long in a country so free and civilized as been our only support in this fine this of the Centaurs, there should country. Let the government weigh exist factions so dreadful and so fero- well this important truth. The wise cious. · Besides, does the government and rational members of both sects not see that the prosperity of this are convinced of it. Let the adverse country is looked at with a jealous party be neutralized, but by gentle eye. by all others ? that they will means ; let them be induced to break hasten, by all the means in their up their confederacy; but, at the power, its dissensions and its ruin?
same time, let the insolence of the and this they can do without dis- other party be checked. This conbursing a sous.' He had been medi- cession obtained, let the odious yoke tating for some time when Dur-aux- be removed from their necks ; let the Hommes returned. • Well!' he said, political pedlars, who are the origin rubbing his claws together with glee, of all the evils, and who are always • it is as I told you, and even worse. hunting out blood and misery, be We have nothing to do but begin. driven from the country. The people The most violent faction insults the will then enjoy, in peace, all the most numerous one, and is willing to blessings of, a just and enlightened push things to the greatest extremi- government.' ties, that they may share the spoils. And is it you whom I hear talkI never in my life met with more ing thus ?' cried the ambassador. : zealous friends; they are absolutely Yes, it is I,' replied the other our own. They raise the cry of re- devil: ' but I speak ironically; men
Vol. 1.- No. 5,
are too fond of raking in their own renowned. Behold,' cried the Gedunghills to divest themselves so sud- nius, 'such men ! Avaunt, wretches! denly of their fatal prejudices, and to back to the darkness whence you follow so politic and generous a sprung, and learn that the empire I course.'
protect is beyond the reach of your • You are right-you are right! I machinations. The fame of this am rejoiced! A horrible war is country, and its power, shall increase about to break out; we shall swim by the union of its people! They in blood, and glut ourselves with it! shall deserve the title of Just, as they You are right! There are no men have already won that of Victorious to be found generous enough to cry His two supporters raised their hands,
Stop! unhappy people! What and swore that it should be so. At is it you would do? Behold us, ready this moment a terrible voice, proto save you from the abyss in which ceeding from the lowest depths of the you are about to fall to restore to earth, recalled, by their names, the you peace and happiness—to heal two infernal emissaries, and said, the deep and bleeding wounds of your • Your mission is ended.'— Let us ill-fated country !” No! there are curse our destiny, then, they shoutnone such. The executive power willed, for the country is saved !' be influenced by interested views. I The prediction has not been fulalready hear the frantic cries : the filled ; and, without adopting any work is begun! No such noble men more of the satirist's tone than may are to be found !'
be necessary, we may be permitted to • Yes! they are to be found !' cried say that the devil himself must be in a a loud voice. The thunder rolled government which could renounce over the apartment in which the de- the obvious course of justice and conmons were, and the Genius of the ciliation for that which is in itself Empire stood before them, holding unjust; and which, in its effect, carby one hand the king of the threaten- ries disappointment and discontent ed nation, and by the other the minis- into the bosoms of a large and value ter whose philanthropy, talents, and able portion of the community. eloquence, have made him universally
THE CHURCH OF IRELAND. It has been remarked that Ireland conduct there is an evident want of can claim but few profound thinkers ; comprehension; an impolicy borderthat, while her literary children stand ing on fatuity, and a silliness only conspicuous in all the departments equalled by that of the peasant, who, of wit, humour, and eloquence, she instead of killing the viper, warmed has produced but few philosophers; it in his bosom until it stung him to that she can boast neither a Newton death. nor a Locke; and that, in fact, the I remember the time when a memvivacity and superficial nature of ber of the Catholic Committee was Irish mind is averse to laborious and threatened with expulsion for a reabstract inquiries; the consequence mote ällusion to tithes, so apprehenof which is, inistaken notions in poli- sive'were that body of offending the tics, and the other inconsiderate fail- Church;'and, later still, they passed a ings for which Paddy is remarkable. vote of censure on Dr. Dromgoe, for Into the truth of this last assertion delivering 'sentiments which were in I am not going to inquire; but, were perfect accordance with the doctrines those who make it called upon fór of Catholicity. Conciliation pursued proofs, I think they might reason- at 'the expense of patriotism and ably adduce the fact--that, while the candour cán serve no purpose but Catholics complain of grievances, that of exposing the duplicity and they have totally neglected to remove folly of those who are alike deficient the cause which perpetuates their in courage and policy; and the result slavery; and that they seek justice of Catholic forbearance has been from those they should arraign at such as any man of common sense the tribunal of the public. ' In this might have foreseen-a retrogression
measure neither openly nor prehension she never can be freed fearlessly pursued.
from while an iota of her income is It would appear as if the Catholic derived from the Irish farmer. leaders of the period I allude to were
The Catholic leaders have, from guided by a kind of left-handed po- time to time, acted very absurdly in licy, by which they hoped to smuggle disclaiming all idea of hostility to. themselves, as it were, into their birth- wards this church. For my part, rights, without a detection of their I never thought them sincere in so real' principles, and hoodwink their doing, because I consider it impossiopponents by an appearance of con- ble for the Irish Catholic to view the cession they did not intend to make. establishment otherwise than as a It was impossible they could have deadly blight upon the energies of been sincere, unless we suppose them his country-—as a religious innovablind to the immediate interests of tion—as a strange creed,
,--as a black their country; for emancipation it- pool, which sends forth periodical self would be only useful as a means locusts to devour the tenth of his of procuring the people justice, and harvest. He regards it, and justly a relief from local and national insti- too, as the source of past evils, and tutions, whose existence are incom- present sufferings as the harlot of patible with the happiness and wel- the state, whom he is obliged to dress fare of Ireland. In seeking emanci- and support, notwithstanding his pation, however, before they had ex- moral and religious antipathy: For posed the nature of church mono- her aggrandizement he sees that his poly, lay their great error, for nothing own Church has been despoiled of her but extreme inexperience, and a total fair possessions, stripped of her hoabsence of reflection, could have in- nours, and pursued with hatred and duced them to believe that their contumely. He finds the legislature, claims would be granted while it for the last three hundred years, was in the power of those who lived prodigal of its bounty to institutions by tithes to withhold them. The established for the avowed purpose Church, like the sensitive leaf, feels of kidnapping and proselyting his at every point the first contact of children to the faith of this church; assailants, however gently they ap- whose abuses and exactions are deproach her and, while she stands fended by the government, and prothe strong hold of intolerance, she tected by the civil power. has abroad her thousand bigoted
• On either side, with ready hearts and conductors, who wait, in sable so
hands, lemnity, to quench every flash of libe. Her chosen guard of bold believers stands, rality that may chance to irradiate the Young fire-eyed disputants, who deem darkness that surrounds her. Her their swords, influence extends to every corner of On points of faith, more eloquent than the British empire, and while she has words. * power she will exert it to perpetuate His feelings must be hostile, and exclusion. Viewed apart from tem- the history of Ireland proves that poralities, I don't mean to assert that they are so. But what gives them she is malum in se. God forbid ! But poignancy and force is a sense of opwhile her ministers are supported, as pression, too apparent to be doubted; they are at present, by laws which and thus every thing that can act on unjustly tax the Catholics, it is not the human mind impels him to hosin the nature of things that she could tility, which, if not always openly he otherwise than intolerant and per- avowed, is continually evinced by secuting; for men always feel least discontent, complaint, or open confor those they have oppressed. Eman- fict. On these occasions he frecipation is therefore an useless pursuit quently overlooks his own interest ; until the Church is modified in a and charges the Church with even manner that will completely leave more injustice than she is really “her without an apprehension in case guilty of. of Catholic freedom, and which ap- I differ with nearly all those who have given us their opinions on the spires, in the estimation of the Bishop income of the Irish Church; and of Limerick, give the country a civiconsider it a proof of bad policy.in' lized appearance,* in several parishes the Catholics to make any complaint they produced any thing but civil
* Lalla Rookb.
. whatever respecting the aMuence or treatment for 'those who collected non-residence of the Protestant cler- the tax which was to pay for such gy. Their misconduct could only rustic ornaments. Thousands and increase the growing disrespect; and, tens of thousands of pounds have the richer they are, the more certain been levied on the Catholic peasantry, they would be to prove inattentive; for building churches where there. for where have a wealthy clergy been was no congregation, and glebe eflicient ministers of religion? houses where ministers had no occa
The opponents of the tithe system sion to reside, unless to give an adhave acted very inconsistently in ditional proof of civilization by apsupporting laws to compel the resi- pearing in the proper season accoutred dence of beneficed clergy; and few as sportsmen; for it must be admit.. measures of parliament, during the ed that they are last twenty years, have proved more
Oftener seen oppressive to the Irish peasantry. With belted waist, and pointers at their Previous to the introduction of
heels, discussions on this subject by Sir Than in the bounds of duty.' John Newport, Mr. Hume, and others And where is the use in telling them in the House of Commons, the ex
that istence of the Protestant religion was only known, in several parts of
* The province of the soul is large enough Ireland, by the demands of the tithe To fill up every cranny of their time, proctor ; but within a comparatively And leave them much to answer if one short period a new and heavy tax Be damned by their neglect,' has been levied.
The building of churches, and erection of glebe since the whole province, in all houses, have been carried to an un- probability, does not supply one soul necessary extent; and though the who asks or requires their spiritual
Some men have taken singular appearances as indications of civilization. I once read of a traveller, wlio, seeing a gallows in a desert, exclaimed, " Thank God, I'm now in a civilized country!:
+ It would appear that Iconoclasts no longer exist in the church, for the Protestants are now as partial to ornaments as ever the Papists were, as the following extract from the evidence of the Rev. Mr. Collins, P. P. of Skibbereen, will show : The island of Innisherkin is a small island, forming part of the parish of Tullah, and being off the harbour of Baltimore. The island is not in my district, but the main part of the parish is ; it is separated from the main land by a distance of about a mile. The inhabitants are about a thousand, having about 200 houses. They are very poor ; so much so, that when the attempt was made by the priest residing there, not long since, to 'levy an assessment of threepence halfpenny per house for the repair of the old chapel, which was in utter ruin (it was a mere hovel, partly covered with ragged straw, and without door or window), he failed in raising that sum, from their inability to pay it; and shortly after the churchwarden, residing on the main land, came in with his assistants, to levy a tax of 4s. 6d. in the gneeve, imposed by the church vestry, for the Tepayment of a sum of money, advanced by the Board of First Fruits for the building of a church on the main land, to which they were liable. The common people thought it hard and unnatural, that whereas they could not contribute any thing to shelter themselves from the wind and rain in their chapel, they should be obliged to pay a heavy tax for a church not in the island, but far from them; and particularly when they recollected that that church was built more for ornament than for use; inasmuch as a good church had previously existed in another part of the parish, which might have been kept in good repair at a moderate expense... But it was deemed more ornamental and more picturesque to transfer the site of the church to a prominent point at the opening of the harbour, where it would have a pretty effect of landscape. The church was built there, and a tax has been these five years annually levied upon the small and poor population for the building of that church, unnecessary both in the minds of Catholics and Protestants.'
assistance? Inactive, however, they that such grants have been made, uo longer are. The bench of magis- and that the Protestant church of trates have found many of them Ireland is now in possession of them,' żealous
supporters of the civil having wrested them from the Cathopower; while not a few are em- lic clergy, to whom they of right ployed in disseminating the new belonged. Opinions and times, howlight, which in time, it is appre- ever, have so changed, that, if now hended, will swallow up the old one; offered to be restored, they would as Aaron's rod did that of the magi- not be accepted, experience having cian. Converted themselves, they convinced the people of their mishave endeavoured to convert others, chievous tendency. With the Protesby the distribution of Bibles, and tant church, therefore, they are likely the opening of proselyting schools. to remain, and it is only necessary, Some wealthy patron lends his aid, to see whether it can hold them and a war commences between the without injury to the community. parish priest and the landlord : re- Church or glebe lands are let ligious hatred has been thus engen- (with some slight difference) and dered to an extent unknown even in cultivated like other lands; and the times when the penal laws were surely it matters little to the farmer in full force; and Ireland, in conse- whether he pays his rent to a gouty quence, presents at the present mo- bishop or a bloated lord; the one is ment a conflict of opinion more in- as likely to spend his inoney as the tense and determined than any other other, so that it is quite immaterial nation in Europe. The cause I have whether the landlord be lay or cleripointed out; for I have watched its cal; and, if titles are examined, no progress, and I am satisfied it origi- doubt of them could show nated in the laws and discussions equally as good a claim as the other, relative to the residence of Protes- Respecting, therefore, that portion tant incumbents; for such is the of the income of the church which situation of the church of Ireland, is derived from glebe lands, the pubthat any attempt, as the law now lic have nothing at all to do with it; stands, to give every parish entitled and, though the legislature could unà place of worship, must create ex- doubtedly dispose of it, I don't see tensive local distress, great injustice, any benefit that could accrue from and consequent complaint.
such a measure.
Mr. Hume's proIt is necessary, however, to bear posal to limit the bishops to four in mind that the Protestants of Ire- would prove of no benefit to Ireland, land, be they few or many, obviously though it might be of some service require religious instruction and to religion. One thing, however, is places of public worship; but it is wanted, -a law to restrain members equally obvious that the Catholics of the church from taking or enactshould not be compelled to pay for ing fines. either.
Tithes are the next source of inFortunately there exists, if the come to the church: less it appears legislature and the church are not than the former, but still much foolish or infatuated, no occasion to more obnoxious. Were one-tenth oppress the one, or deny the other of the earth’s produce collected, cerspiritual superintendence, as a fund tainly tithes would be a monstrous is already provided, fully adequate to impost on industry and capital; but the purpose, without encroaching on the truth is, this never was, nor ever the industry or property of any sect could be, generally the case. By a or individual in the community: return lately laid before parliament,
Great misconception prevails re- it appears 417 parishes have entered specting the nature of church pro- into a composition for their tithes at perty, and those who assert that it is a rate which would give something taken out of the pockets of the like 600,0001. for all Ireland; from people labour under a strange mis- which we may infer, that on an avertake. At the present day it matters age, the church only receives onelittle whether the original grant of thirtieth in the place of one-tenth. tithes and church lands was wise or Mr. Wakefield estimates the rental mischievous ; enough for us to know of Ireland at 17,228,5401.–a sum