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nearly thirty times as much as the clerk's fees, &c. &c. and save the amount of tithe, and it will not be Catholic peasantry from one of the going too far to suppose the produce most unjust imposts that ever was of the earth twice as much as the levied on an unfortunate people ? It rent. If so, it would appear that the is tyranny, in its most hideous feafarmer possessed no small advan- tures, to compel the members of a tage in consequence of tithes, not- church supported by voluntary, conwithstanding his hatred of them, for tributions to huild and keep in reit is a well-known fact that land, pair the temple devoted to the retithe-free, let for more than ten per ligion of the state. Algiers could cent. higher than land which paid not furnish a more cruel law; and tithe. Mr. Goulburn's bill, there. what renders parish cess still more fore, if made imperative on both oppressive in Ireland is the way in parties to enter into composition, which it is levied, by a thing called a would produce incalculable advan- vestry, whose assessments are genetages. But, to render the benefits last- rally partial, and frequently illegal. ing, the amount of tithe, when ascer- Let the legislature, at once, repeal tained, should be made perpetual, so abominable a law, and fix the according to a fixed scale, always þurden on those who have a right to bearing the same proportion to the bear it. The landlords have been rent of the land that it did at the too long in possession of the moment of composition. Such a church's property, for it is now course is absolutely, necessary to full a century since they arrogantly prevent a return to the old method, exonerated their rich domains from for the church, on seeing its de- the visit of the tithe-proctor, whom ficiency, will, in all likelihood, en- they sent to the cottier's potatoedeavour to augment her income. garden. It must be admitted that Mr. Goulburn's bill stands, there- some church has a right to certain fore, in need of amendment.
revenues; and since the Protestant If this is done the landlord alone Church is in possession of them, in supports the church; and this he the name of goodness' let her keep has every right in the world to do; them. But, if she studies her own for he either received his estate from interest, she will now make those his ancestors, or purchased it sub- pay who are in debt, and cease to ject to this impost, consequently he persecute the peasantry, who ceris as much obliged to pay it as the tainly owe her nothing: By followcrown rent; but, as he stands in- ing this obvious and direct course, debted full one-tenth of his income she will no longer inspire the Cathoto the church, why not compel him lic with hatred,
or feel it her interest to discharge what he owes ? In conse- to oppose his entrance into the temple quence of the tithe-composition bill, of the constitution. Her own indehe will have to pay only one-thir- pendence will be permanently setieth; but, as that sum goes ex- cured, without the consciousness of clusively to the incuinbents,
why not having obtained it by tyranny and compel him to pay the remainder, or injustice. at least a portion of what remains The facts I have stated and the due, to the churchwardens, or some principles I have laid down admit of other authorized persons, who would no contradiction; those whom they apply it to the wants of the church; concern will do well to profit by the such as building and repairing, instruction they impart. Z. z.
TALES OF THE CRUSADERS.
The new Waverley novel has made this country to which it belongs, alone its appearance, after a longer prepa- and unequalled ; and “St. Ronan's ration and more repeated disappoint- Well,' which is not above the ordiments than usual. We do not pro- nary run of tolerable novels. fess to be so deep in the mysteries We think that the author (for to of the trade as to guess for what talk of a plurality of pens in such reason the hopes of the reading productions seems to us little short of public' have been mocked for the absolute stupidity) is the first of his last nine months with the announce- kind, in this or in any other language, ment of this work; but unless there who united the same qualities in his be some such, better and more cogent own person. His invention, wit, in, than we can imagine, we must think genuity, learning, knowledge of manthat the delay is ill judged and has kind, and skill in composition, are too much the appearance of coquetry such as never met before in any one to produce any good effect. Let us, novel-writer; and, although it might nevertheless, be thankful for the good be possible to give examples of these we have, however long it has been in various qualities in various writers, the coming
it would be impossible to find one by One of the disadvantages insepa- whom any of them are surpassed, rable from the Author of Waverley' and not less difficult to find one who is, that the reputation which he has possessed them all. The author of already obtained has begotten in his Waverley is identified with the lanreaders an expectation that every guage and literature of England, and succeeding production shall be better as long as they last his fame must than those which have preceded it; endure. His works are no more for and this it is, according to our notions, an age than were Shakspeare's; and, that has induced so much cavilling without making between him and and criticising at his later works. the immortal bard a comparison, at Novel-readers are an ungrateful set; which (if he be the man we take him and we'doubt very much whether a for) he would scoff, we pronounce man who has already satisfied them unhesitatingly our opinion, that, once, ought not to be content with Shakspeare excepted," he has no his good fortune, and forswear ever rival among the past and present again trying or trusting them. It is authors of works of imagination in perhaps impossible for a man to go England. beyond a certain mark; it is very This much premised--and we have likely that, if not in his first, at least felt it a duty, on the first occasion in his early efforts, while all the that has presented itself, to express freshness of the task inspired him, our opinions as to this popular author he reached that mark; and although, -We proceed to the task of examinlet him write as often as he will, ing his last novel. It consists of two (with due care,) he will never fall distinct tales; the first called The back from the point he has achieved, Betrothed ;' the second, “The Talisyet it is not in his nature to make a man.' The first opens with a dehigher flight-and this we believe to scription of the warfare carried on be the case with the author of Wa- in the Welch marches between a verley. We do not, however, mean by Norman knight, Sir Raymond de this, to disparage his talents in the Berenger, who held the fortress called slightest degree ; we are too warmly Garde Doloureuse, and the British and too sincerely his admirers to seek Prince Gwenwynwen, Lord of Powis. to detract or abate from his merit The Welch prince proposes to one single iota, and we do not think marry Eveline, the fair daughter of that he has, in the whole of his career, the Norman; but his offer is refused either deceived or exceeded the hopes by her father, on the pretext that which his first novel gave rise to, her hand has been promised to Hugo with two exceptions : the first “the de Lacy, the Constable of Chester. Bride of Lammermoor,'which stands, The Briton, who, notwithstanding in that branch of the literature of his old blood, is little better than a
savage, immediately attacks De Be- His helmet, hanging at bis saddle-bow, renger ; and the latter, from a chival- showed a gallant countenance, coloured rous feeling, in which the point of highly, but not inflamed, which looked out honour is carried sufficiently far, from a rich profusion of short chestnut curls; goes out of his castle to give him and, although his armour was of a massive battle, and is defeated. The fortress such elasticity and ease, that it seemed a
and simple form, he moved under it with (is then in great danger ; but is pro- graceful attire, not a burden or incumtected by the good sense and courage brance. A furred mantle had not sat on of a Fleining, one Wilkin Flammock, him with more easy grace than the heavy who had settled upon the knight's bauberk which complied with every gesestate, and who had, with good rea- ture of his noble form. Yet his counteson, left his mills, and withdrawn nance was so juvenile, that only the down himself and his people to the castle on the upper lip announced decisively the -as soon as the news of the proposed approach to manhood. The females, who attack reached him. The Lady Eve- thronged into the court to see the first enline, in the moment of her terror, voy of their deliverers, could not forbear swears before a holy relic in the mixing praises of his beauty with blessings chapel that she will bestow her hand on his valour; and one comely middleupon whomsoever shall deliver her. the tightness with which her scarlet hose
aged dame, in particular, distinguished by The Constable of Chester no sooner
set on a well-shaped leg and ancle, and hears of the attack than he comes by the cleanliness of her coif, pressed up with his forces, routs the Welch, close up to the young 'squire, and, more kills the prince, and sends his ne- forward than the rest, doubled the crim-phew, the gallant Damian de Lacy, son hue of his cheek by crying aloud, that to relieve the castle, he himself being our lady of the Garde Doloureuse had under a vow not to enter a house sent them news of their redemption by an until he shall have visited the Holy angel from the sanctuary.' Land, where the wars of the crusade
Eveline's affection is, however, an were then waging. The Lady Eve
Her father had proline sees in Damian her deliverer, and falls in love with him off-hand; mised her to the elder De Lacy, who
claims her hand. Damian does not whence spring all the disasters which
Woo her; she cannot woo him, nor Let any young lady read the description of this same." Damian,
can she refuse such an alliance (reand then, if she can blame the Lady feudal times, when people did not
'member, ladies, this happened in the Eveline for falling in love with him, we shall think (although we dare not enjoy so much freedom as at present) say) that she is marvellously hard to
as that of the constable. She, thereplease.
fore, becomes his affianced bride, and
is betrothed; that is to say, the pre1. "A single horseman advanced from the liininary ceremony of marriage is constable's army towards the castle, show- performed, but the consummation is ing, even at a distance, an unusual dexterity of horsemanship and grace of de postponed until the constable's reportment. He arrived at the drawbridge, his vow leads him.
turn from the Holy Land, whither which was instantly lowered to receive him, whilst Flammock and the monk (for
Previous to this the Lady Eveline, the latter, as far as he could, associated on a visit to an old relation of hers, “himself with the former in all acts of au- has been induced to pass the night *thority) hastened to receive the envoy of in a chamber said to be haunted by their liberator. They found him just the spirit of one of her female ancesalighted from the raven-coloured horse, tors, who had been murdered by her which was slightly flecked with blood as husband, and who foretels to all the · well as foam, and still panted with the daughters of her house whether their exertions of the evening; though, answer; fate in wedlock shall be happy or ing to the caressing hand of his youthful otherwise. She is accompanied by rider, he arched his neck, shook his steel Rose Flammock, the daughter of the caparison, and snorted, to apnounce his unabated metile and unwearied love of Fleming, who is, however, not alcombat. The young man's eagle look bore lowed to enter the haunted chamber. 'the same token of unabated vigour, min- Rose keeps watch; and, hearing her gled with the signs of recent exertion. inistress scream, she calls out for
help to a Norman soldier on guard, nounces his bride, whose passion he who bursts the window of Eveline’s has learnt, to her more youthful chamber, and carries her to Rose; lover. after which he retires, without dis- A good deal of interest is made to covering himself. Eveline tells Rose turn upon the following incident, in that she has seen the spectre, who which the minstrel, Vidal, whose predicted to her a fatal doom in these character has always been mystemysterious words :
rious, plays a conspicuous part. It
happens at an asseinbly of the con• Widowed wife and wedded maid, stable’s tenants, when he is about to Betrothed, betrayer, and betrayed.' grant a charter to Flammock, and is
immediately after the return of the After the fiancialles the constable pilgrims from the Holy Land. goes to the wars, leaving Dainian at home to keep his own castle, and
• Vidal made incredible exertions to apguard that of his bride. Dainian proach the leader of the procession, whose pines, and is almost at death's door, and right hand holding his truncheon or
morion, distinguished by its lofty plumes, for love, which he dare not utter, of leading-staff, was all he could see, on ac; the Lady Eveline; and both of them
count of the crowd of officers and armed are as miserable as any pair of lovers
men around him. At length his exertions, can be imagined.
prevailed, and he came within three yards By a contrivance of Randal de of the constable, who was then in a small Lacy, an unprincipled relative of circle which had been with difficulty kept the constable, Eveline is decoyed, clear for the purposes of the ceremonial of under the pretext of a hawking the day. His back was towards the minmatch, from the castle, and, at a
strel, and he was in the act of bending convenient distance, is surprised by
from his horse to deliver the royal charter some Welch outlaws, and carried off.
to Wilkin Flammock, who had knelt on
one knee to receive it the more reverenDamian goes to her rescue, which he achieves ; but is so dreadfully stable to stoop so low, that his plume
tially. His posture occasioned the conwounded in the attempt, that he is seemed in the act of mixing with the flowconfined for a long time to his bed in ing mane of his noble charger. the castle of Garde Doloureuse, his * At this moment Vidal threw himself, hopeless passion, at the same time, with singular agility, over the heads of the retarding his cure. His military du: Flemings who guarded the circle, and, ere ties, in the mean time, are neglected; an eye could twinkle, his right knee was his soldiers mutiny, and refuse to go
on the croup of the constable's horseto the assistance of one of his feudal the grasp of his left hand on the collar of allies, who is in consequence de- De Lacy's half coat; then, clinging ta stroyed. The king is incensed ; his in the same instant of time, a short, sharp
like a tiger after its leap, he drew, enemies take advantage of his ab- dagger, and buried it in the back of the sence; and at length he is de- neck, just where the spine, which was nounced as a traitor, and an officer of severed by the stroke, serves to convey to the king sent to seize him. The the trunk of the human body the mysteriLady Eveline, like her father's daugh- ous influences of the brain. The blow was ter, refuses to give him up; the cas- struck with the utmost accuracy of aim tle is attacked and taken, and Damian and strength of arm. The unhappy horsedoomed to a dungeon.
man dropped from his saddle, without At this juncture the constable, who groan or struggle, like a bull in the amhas been wrecked on the coast of phitheatre, under the steel of the tauridor;
and in the same saddle sat his murderer, Wales, returns disguised as a pil- brandishing the bloody poniard, and urggrim, with a single follower and a ing the horse to speed. minstrel, Renault Vidal, who has accompanied him during the whole This, however, is not the real conof his travels in the Holy Land. His stable, but Randal de Lacy, who, presence sets all things to rights; he upon a false report of his kinsman's visits his nephew in prison, in the death, had assumed his title and disguise of a palmer, and after try- state. The supposed Vidal is, in ing his fidelity, which stands the fact, Cadwallor, the bard of the proof, he discovers himself, and re- Prince of Powys, who, upon his más
ter's death by Hugo de Lacy's hand, Lord de Vaux, the faithful friend of swore to be revenged on the latter. the king, who, with a justifiable disFor this he assumed the character of trust, refuses to admit the knight una Norman minstrel, and for this he til he has seen some proof of his followed De Lacy to the crusades. skill. This Sir Kenneth offers him He is seized, confesses his intentions, in the person of his own esquire, and is immediately executed. The then sick of the same fever; but he Lady Eveline, in a vision, sees the makes some excuses to the English spectre again, who, with a smiling lord for the poor appearance which face, revokes her prediction. The his quarters present. They are thus news of De Lacy's return, and of described ; and this little sketch will his generous intentions, arrive im- serve better than a more lengthened mediately afterwards; the lady is extract to give a correct notion of happily married to Sir Damian ; and the persons we have mentioned, and thus ends the tale.
the style of the work :The second story is superior to that which we have just left in all • The interior of the hut was chiefly ocrespects, save that most important cupied by two beds. One was empty, but, part which relates to the loves of the composed of collected leaves, and spread hero and heroine. The scene is laid with an antelope's hide, seemed, from the in the Christian camp, in Palestine. articles of armour laid beside it, and from The hero of the tale is a young Scot- a crucifix of silver, carefully and reverentish knight, Sir Kenneth, who has tially disposed at the head, to be the joined the British standard with a
couch of the knight himself. The other
contained the invalid, of whom Sir Kensmall troop of men, all of whom the neth had spoken, a strong-built and harshwars have destroyed, with the excep- featured man, past, as his looks betokened, tion of a single esquire. Upon a the middle age of life. His couch was journey, which he has undertaken at trimmed more softly than his master's; the request of the council of Chris- and it was plain that the more courtly tian princes, to the hermit of En- garments of the latter, the loose robe, in gaddi, Sir Kenneth encounters a Sa- which the knights showed themselves on racen cavalier, with whom, after a
pacific occasions, and the other little spare short skirmish, he comes to a parley, applied by Sir Kenneth to the accommo
articles of dress and adornment, had been and, like generous foes, they proceed dation of his sick domestic. In an outtogether to the hermit's abode. Sir ward part of the hut, which yet was within Kenneth, notwithstanding the lowli- the range of the English baron's eye, a ness of his state, has fixed his affec- boy, rudely attired with buskins of deer's tions upon Edith Plantagenet, the hide, a blue cap or bonnet, and a doublet, cousin of Cour de Lion; and her whose original finery was much tarnished, heart, although as proud as that of sat on his knees by a chafing-dish filled her kinsman, owns a passion which with charcoal, cooking upon a plate of her tongue has never yet uttered. iron the cakes of barley-bread, which were Sir Kenneth is introduced at the her- then, and still are, a favourite food with mit's abode to a mysterious chapel, the Scottish people. Part of an antelope in which he discovers among a troop props of the hut; nor was it difficult to
was suspended against one of the main of ladies, who had come thither upon know how it had been procured, for a a pilgrimage, his mistress and her large stag greyhound, nobler in size and royal relation, the queen of Cæur de appearance than those even which guarded Lion.
King Richard's sick bed, lay eyeing the Sir Kenneth returns to the camp, process of baking the cake. The sagacious where Richard is lying sick of a fever, animal, on their first entrance, uttered a which has bafiled the skill of his phy- stifled growl, which sounded from his deep sicians. The sultan, the glorious chest like distant thunder. But he saw Saladin, whose fame was never sur
his master, and acknowledged his presence passed by the ancient or the modern by wagging his tail and couching his head, world, hearing of the king's illness,
from more tumultuous or noisy sends him a physician to effect his greeting, as if his noble instinct had cure, and a present of cooling fruits. sick man's chamber.
taught him the propriety of silence in a Sir Kenneth visits the royal tent, but • Beside the couch sat on a cushion, also is repulsed somewhat rudely by the composed of skins, the Moorish physician