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If the case is at present bad enough, many of those who now resort to the it surely would be much worse then; Continent from motives of economy. for one-fourth of the people would At all events, Irishmen of small fornot be employed on the adoption of tunes will not then desert their counthe new system, which, according to try; and, if they do not serve to proa Scotchman,* requires only twenty- mote industry, they will add to the two labourers to every thousand acres. charms of society-a society perhaps But these poor people, if disinherited, more pleasing in consequence of the would not become day labourers ; absence of those who, big with their they would apply for farms else- own ridiculous importance, think where, and thus augment the preva- themselves privileged to prescribe lent cause of discontent.
the kind of persons who shall pass In the foregoing we have consi- the cordon of high life, or figure in dered the subject in its most en- the circles of the beau monde. larged sense, and treated it as if every The contents of the voluine before nobleman and man of property in us originally appeared in the New Ireland had been a permanent ab- Monthly Magazine,' and are written sentee. This, however, is far from in that style of energetic eloquence being the case ; and we are quite which characterizes all the producconfident that there are, compara- tions of the Irish De Staël. The tively, many more English than Irish work bears ample testimony to her land proprietors resident in London ; ladyship’s love of country, her deep consequently, if absenteeism were an research and extensive reading, the evil, the peasantry of one country playfulness of her fancy and dignisuffer more than the peasantry of the fied satire. But we cannot say ihat other; for they have precisely the her views of absenteeism' are alsame market for the disposal of their ways correct. The preface, which farm produce, and absenteeisin af- introduces the volume, is written by fects the native of Tipperary no more Sir Charles Morgan; and concludes than the native of Devonshire. The with the following just and candid manufacturer is similarly situated ; observations, which must be our apoand we are at a loss to understand logy for not having made any exSir Charles, who repeats the opinion tracts from her ladyship’s work: of his lady, when he tells us there is
* In taking up the subject of absenteeism, po room for enterprise in Ireland.
the peculiar bent of Lady Morgan's mind, A variety of circumstances are in and the character of her habitual pursuits, continual operation to keep a large have inevitably given a picturesque tum number of the Irish gentry in Eng- to her ideas, and induced her to view the land; but it is satisfactory to think matter less as an economist than as a that their absence from their native poet and a woman. But the great truth country is no longer an evil. Let has not escaped her, that absenteeism is the legislature abolish the odious dis- less a cause than an effect : and while, in tinctions which keep man from man, delineated what Ireland might be under
the romance of her imagination, she has and remove the cause which poisons the fostering protection of an enlightened the social intercourse of life. In a word, let them give the people their gotten that under existing circumstances
and liberal aristocracy, she has not forrights, and Ireland will possess so it must remain for ever the blighted vicmany real advantages, that she pro- tim of an oppressive and ignorant bureaubably will become the residence of cratie.'
* We have known several of these Scotch stewarts in Ireland, and never knew one of them to succeed. Different soils require different modes of cultivation.
MEMOIR OF THOMAS SPRING RICE, ESQ. M.P. It must be admitted, in point of scended from an opulent and highly equity at least, that Ireland is not respectable family, and was born at fairly represented in the Imperial Limerick, in February, 1790. At parliament. A hundred members are eighteen years of age he was entered not a just proportion for seven mil- a fellow-commoner of Trinity Collions of people, if the interests of four-lege, Cambridge, where he soon gave teen millions require tive hundred and indication of those splendid abilities fifty-eight. This becomes more ap- which were one day to make him the parent when we consider the circum- ornament, not only of his native counstances of that country. Remote from try, but of the British senate. In the seat of government, distracted by 1810, being the second year of his refactions, and discontented with the sidence at college, he obtained Dr. state of the laws; trade and agricul- Hooper's first prize for English orature only in their infancy; oppressed tory; and, in consequence, delivered by monopolies, and burdened with a a prize declaration in Trinity Chapel, church, which the majority of the in December, 1811. On this occapeople disclaim ;-the evils which sion he evinced his sound political and spring from such a combination of moral principles, by selecting for his misfortunes can only be effectually subject Mr Fox's celebrated maxim, 'made known by the representatives • What is morally wrong can never of the people. It is impossible for be politically right.' In the same those who want local knowledge to year he led to the hymeneal altar the apply proper remedies; and perhaps amiable and highly-accomplished this accounts, in a great measure, for lady, Theodosia Pery, daughter of the 'the tardiness with which Irish griev- Earl of Limerick, and niece to the ances are redressed. Imperfect, how- celebrated Lord Pery,t formerly ever, as the Irish representation is, in Speaker of the Irish House of Comregard to numbers, it is more imper- mons, and the friend and corresponfect, as far as political knowledge and dent of Burke and Grattan. honesty of principle are concerned. Mr. Rice was not one of those who, A vast proportion of the one hundred ainidst all the pleasures of wealth, members are the mute supporters of literature, and domestic enjoyment, every bad scheme for enriching them- could remain insensible to the clainis selves, or oppressing the people; and which his country had to his services. such of them as have talent enough Seeing, in 1814, the abuse of the Irish to act even a subordinate part in the grand jury system, he published in political arena of the country make London a pamphlet on the subject, use of their power and opportunities which had the effect of leading to a to disseminate national" calumnies, correction of this, perhaps, greatest suppress the growing appetite for of all local grievances. "Soon after truth, and perpetuate exclusion, by this his countrymen began to regard filling honest English ininds with un- him as one likely to do the state founded and religious prejudices. To some service,' and, accordingly, solithis charge, however, there are some cited him, in 1818, to become a cansplendid exceptions; and none more didate for the city of Limerick. This conspicuous than the talented and corporation, like all corporations in patriotic statesman whose portrait* Irelanıl, had long degenerated from embellishes our present number. its original purity; and, as Mr. Spring
Thomas Spring Rice, Esq. is de- Rice started on liberal principles, his
* This portrait is a most correct likeness, and was drawn by Comerford, a Dublin artist, whose superior talents are justly appreciated in the Irish metropolis.
1. It may be justly said, that there was scarcely any great public measure adopted in Ireland, whilst Lord Pery engaged in business, which had not its seminal principle in his comprehensive mind. The corn laws, the free trade, the independence of the Irish parliament, the tenantry bill, were framed with his assistance, and would noa have been carried without it. The tillage of Ireland may be regarded as his child.'Hardy's Life of Charlemont. VOL. I. No. 6.
opponent was returned, after a con- tion, the bigoted corporation of Dubtest of twenty-one days. Mr. Rice lin voted him the treedom of the city, petitioned, and failed only on a point on Friday, the 18th of October, 1822. of form. The recurrence of such a While labouring for the good of Ire: case was, however, prevented, by a land, Mr. Spring Rice has not been subsequent act of parliament. neglectful of his constituents; for, in
At the general election in 1820, Mr. 1823, he obtained an important bill S. Rice again stood forward as candi- to regulate the city of Limerick, and date for his native city; but his op- procure justice for its inhabitants. ponent was again returned by the On this occasion he displayed even sheriff and corporation. Once more more than his wonted abilities, and he petitioned ; an inquiry was insti- facilitated the progress of the meatuted—the town-clerk was reprimand- sure, by printing, and putting into ed-the recorder committed to New: the hands of members, remarks on gate for gross prevarication and the bill. Thomas Spring Rice, Esq. declared Mr. S. Rice, though a very young sitting member. The decision of the man, is listened to in parliament with committee on this case was the most that respectful attention, which eximportant since the Union, as it de- tensive information, and splendid prives city corporations of the power talents, are always sure to command. of making non-resident freemen. His opinion, particularly on Irish sub
It must be quite unnecessary, as it jects, is looked up to bv both sides of would, indeed, be almost impossible, the House as a kind of directing to particularize every occasion in beacon whereby to ste s;and, though which the subject of our memoir has usually opposed to ministers, they distinguished himself in his place in have frequently followed his advice. parliament. There has been, since His voice, though not loud, is pleashis return, no question connected ing; and, as a public speaker, he with his native country on which be ranks very high, though the matter has not taken a leading part ; and all of his speeches is never sacrificed to who have watched his zeal in the oratorical display. cause of her liberty and rights must In private life, Mr. S. Rice is espronounce him the most able and teemed and beloved by all who have efficient Irish member at present in the pleasure of his 'acquaintance; the House of Commons. Such were and, in or out of parliament, there is his services in the two first sessions no measure, even remotely calculated as to force his political opponents to to be advantageous to Ireland, which an expression of thanks; and, though does not receive his support and conthe advocate of Catholic emancipa- currence.
I GAZED, Clontarf, upon the waves
That whiten on thy shore,
The same, unfettered, free;
To Albion bow the knee.
To ages yet to be,
The base of liberty!