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- when great numbers happen to be to be won by such reasoning ? Our concerned in the result ;-we say that, ancestors were never taught to study under such circumstances, it is quite pugilism as a science before they reasonable in a journalist to consult marched to victory: our Irish and even the vitiated taste or the culpable Scottish brethren are not the heroes weakness of his readers ;--- it is natural or the patrons of the 'Fancy;' and enough that he, in such a case, would yet we believe they have not been publish the matter that appeared useless in the day of battle:-away, likely to conduce to the sale of his then, with all this idle varnishing ! it paper. We quarrel not with the edi- can impose upon none; the prizetors or owners of these . papers for ring is simply a more open-a more giving to the world the particulars of popular-gaming-table: the feeling a prize-fight-they act but as the that prompts the vulgar pugilist and chroniclers of passing events ; they his titled patron is the thirst for observe and record them. We con- money—the object of the one and of demn them not for this, but we the other is gain. The high tone blame them for the extra interest assumed by these despicable characwhich they appear to take in such ters is ludicrous enough ; but the matters : we blame them because prevalence of their sports, and the they seem pleased with what they splendid support which they have publish : we condemn them because received, and continue to receive, they, as directors of the national furnish rather a melancholy proof taste, have not endeavoured to turn of the little progress which we have it into a more laudable channel: we as yet made towards perfect civilizacondemn them because, as guardians tion. It shows, after all, how little of the public morals, they have not literature has been able to effect for sought to check the wanton career of the bulk of the people : we abound brutal insolence, titled depravity, and in literary works : we riot in wealth : vulgar ferocity.
we leave all the nations far behind us When we see the press sanction- in the application of science to the ing—the people supporting--and the purposes of life: yet the stranger, nobles of the land patronizing the who might chance to hear the nature recreations of the Ring'- '-we feel of our favourite recreations, would be that our simple expression of disap- almost justified in calling us a nation probation is a matter of little mo- of plated savages—a community of ment. Let our opinions, however, lacquered barbarians--fair and polishstand upon
record : we have not dis- ed upon the surface, with ignorance guised them: we look upon these and ferocity lurking beneath. recreations, and upon the general We were on the point of mentionpatronage which they receive, as ing executions as another species of forming one of the worst features in public amusement in which numbers the character of our times. The of our countrymen delight: there are practice of prize-fighting is almost many, we believe, who look
upon expeculiar to ourselves : it may be hibitions like Thurtell's or Fauntlecalled an English vice; and, for the roy's as treats of the highest order. sake of our country, we feel sorry for This subject, however, is not to be being obliged so to denominate it. sported with; he who could be merry The advocates of the Science,' as it upon such a topic must have less is called, have much to say in its feeling than the monster who is said behalf; but their arguinents have to have preserved Thurtell's skin. never struck us as very forcible, or We have alluded, at the opening of very likely to produce conviction. this article, to the rat-killing amateurs;
We are told that the prize-ring is and to these we would earnestly ada sort of school for the development dress ourselves. To say that rational and the support of British bravery:' beings, that men enjoying the adwe are told that it is calculated to vantages of education, can calmly form the heroes who are hereafter to pay and sit down to see a given defend our homes, our property, and number of rats mangled within a our rights. We learn this, and much given time to hear that this has more to the same effect; but who is happened, and to know that it does
happen, is a matter that might excite an evil example: if they have common our pity if it did not bring along with sense, we would call upon them to it a feeling of disgust. To these use it: if they have a respect for amateurs we would give a brief ad. their own characters, we would whisper monition: if they have wealth, we to them that the society of ratwould tell them to expend it ration- catchers is not calculated to improve ally : if they have families, we would the minds or soften the manners of urge them to be cautious of giving gentlemen.
THE NEW ASSOCIATION. When men unanimously resolve to and the caluinninus inputations of their be free, no power on earth can pre- enemies increase in number, power, and vent them; and it is a melancholy effect, unless there be some permanent fact, that three-fourths of the world body, watching over Catholic interests, are in bondage, merely for want of and taking care to maintain and preserve the wish to be emancipated. Ireland the station the Cat!:olics have already at. has at length resolved not to continue further; and, on the other hand, we were,
tained, while it is not perniitted to proceed silent under her wrongs, and to this and are, unalterably determined not to national spirit we look with more suggest or advise any course, which could, confidence than to any other circum- with any degree of fair dealing or justice, stance for the ultimate accomplish- be deemed any, even the slightest, infringement of the people's rights. It is an ment on the law. We are determined to indicative of success-a proof that obey a statute which we cannot respect, Ireland deserves to be free.
and to set to our countrymen the example On abstract principles we
of a dutiful and ready submission to that averse to all kinds of associations ;
which is law, notwithstanding our convicthey never fulfil their promises, and tion of the impolicy of its enactment.
We have, in fact, lately received from are frequently, productive of indivi
our Protestant fellow-countrymen such dual and national calamities. But
support as requires our utmost gratitude, Necessitas quod cogit defendit is per- and such advice as commands our ready haps a good political as well as poet- and respectful obedience--we allude in ical maxim ; and we are firmly per- particular to the advice of the illustrious suaded that the situation of the Irish noblemen lately assembled in London. Catholics, at the present moment, re- They have recommended to the Catholics quires such a permanent body as the firmness, temperance, and union; we place Association just formed in Dublin. full and cordial confidence in them and in On Wednesday, the 13th of July, the their councils, and we are resolved to merit following plan of a New Association their patronage and protection by the alawas adopted at an aggregate meet- crity, with which we ourselves submit at
all times to the law of the land, and the ing. We give it insertion, as it is zeal and activity which we shall ever dislikely to become matter of history :
play to procure a similar submission from
all classes of our countrymen. The Committee appointed by a general With these impressions, we have come ballot, to consider, in pursuance of the re- to the determination to recommend to the solution of the last aggregate meeting, Catholics of Ireland 10 conduct their affairs,
whether there can be framed, without any in future, in strict obedience to the law, by violation of the existing law, a permanent managing, by means of a permanent Assobody, to assist in the conducting or manage- ciation, such portion thereof as has no rement of such portion of Catholic affairs as ference to obtaining relies or redress, or any it may be by law permitted to have ma- alteration of the existing code; but to renaged, without resorting to the too frequent serve every thing that relates to petitioning holding of aggregate meetings, and, in par- for relief, or obtaining legal redress, or al. ticular, without in any way infringing on a tering the existing code, to such separate recent statute,' have agreed to the follow- or aggregate meetings, of short duration, ing report:
as shall be in strict conformity with the The Committee have anxiously endeavoured to fulfil the duty imposed upon We therefore beg leave to lay before the them. They have been deeply impressed, public the following plan of a New Cathoon the one hand, with the conviction, that lic Association, and io express our unanithe cause of the Catholics must retrograde, mous and fixed conviction, that it will not
Vol. I...No. 6.
in any wise violate or infringe upon any 8. The third purpose of the New Catho. law or statute whatsoever:
lic Association is, and shall be, that of asPLAN OF THE NEW CATHOLIC certaining the number of the population of ASSOCIATION.
Ireland, and the relative proportions which No. 1. As it is desirable that the pro- the professors of the various Christian perposed New Catholic Association should suasions bear the one to the other; and in parcombine Irishmen of all religious persua- ticular to ascertain the number of children of sions, it is expressly declared that no per- each persuasion, in a course of education. sons professing any the forms of religious 9. The fourth purpose of the New Ca. faith, allowed or iolerated by law, shall be tholic Association is, and shall be, to deexcluded therefrom; but, on the contrary, vise the means of erecting suitable Catholic Christians of all denominations are invited churches for the celebration of divine worto become members thereof.
ship, and to procure and establish Catholic 2. No member of the New Catholic As- burial-grounds, wherein the Catholic dead sociation shall be required to take any oath, may be interred without being liable to any or make any declaration whatsoever, species of contumely or insult.
3. To avoid the possibility of its being 10. The fifth purpose of the New Caalleged, even by means of any perverse in- tholic Association is, and shall be, to proterpretation of the act of 6th George IV. mote all improvements in science, and in cap. 4. that the New Catholic Association Irish agriculture, to encourage the concan come within the provisions thereof, it is sumption of Irish manufactures, and the expressly declared, that the New Catholic extension of Irish commerce. Association shall not assume, or in any 11. The sixth purpose of the New Cathomanner, or by any means or contrivance, lic Association is, and shall be, to encou. exercise the power of acting for the purpose rage, as much as possible, a liberal and enor under the pretence of procuring the re- - lightened press, to circulate works calcu. dress of grievances in church or state, or the lated to promote just principles, and mutual alteration of any matters by law establish- toleration and kindness; and to vindicate ed in church or state, or for the purpose, the principles of the Catholics against the or under the pretence, of carrying on, or unjust and slanderous attacks daily made assisting in, the prosecution or defence of upon them. causes, civil or criminal.
12. The seventh purpose of the New 4. That ihe New Catholic Association Catholic Association will be, to prepare a shall not be composed of different divisions, detailed statement of the various charges or of different parts, acting in any manner made against the Catholics, in the petitions separate or distinct from each other; and presented to Parliament during the recent that there shall be no separate or distinct sessions, and to publish authentic refutasecretary or delegate, or other officer, elect- tions of such charges in the places where ed or appointed by, or for any particular they respectively originated. part, or authorized to act for any particular 13. That every person who shall think part; neither shall the New Catholic fit, on or before a day to be named, to pay Association communicate or correspond; the sum of one pound on his admission, neither shall its constitution contain any shall be a member of the New Catholic provision for communication or correspond- Association; and after that day, each perence with any other society, committee, or son paying one pound, and procuring one body of persons; neither shall it in any re- member to propose, and another to second spect act in any manner inconsistently with him, shall also be a member. the said statute of the 6th Geo. IV. cap. 4. The Committee having thus stated, affir
5. The New Catholic Association can matively and negatively, the limits within and may be formed merely for the purposes which the New Catholic Association can of public and private charity, and such and ought to act, deem it their duty to call other purposes as are not prohibited by the the attention of the Catholics in general to said statute of the 6th of Geo. IV. cap. 4. those provisions of the statute of the 6th
6. The first purpose of the New Catholic Geo. IV. cap. 4. which must restrain the Association is, and shall be, that of pro- sphere of the New Catholic Association, moting public peace and tranquillity, as and render it necessary for the Catholics well as private barmony and concord, in general to seek for redress and relief amongst all classes of his Majesty's sub- through the medium of other meetings, and jects throughout Ireland.
by the intervention of other instruments. 7. The second purpose of the New Ca- That most unconstitutional statute protholic Association is, and shall be, the en- hibits these two things :couragement and extension of a liberal, en. 1. The sacred right of petitioning for the lightened, and religious system of educa. redress of real and substantial grievances, tion, founded on ihe basis of Christain in the only mode likely to be successful charity, and perfect fair dealing.
namely, hy the intervention of a Connuittee or Association of sufficient duration to be and oppressive nature of that statute, and able to make useful, and, in fact, neces. expose to Parliament the falsehood of the sary arrangements.
pretexts on which it was enacted. 2. The right of such Committee or Asso- The Commitee further beg leave to sugciation giving any pecuniary assistance to gest, that in the management of the future the poor and oppressed, in order to enable petitions of the Catholics of Ireland, care them to punish, by the due course of law, be taken to have our claims for relief their oppressors, it being obvious that, with: brought before Parliament, and kept free out money, there can be little prospect of from any extraneous matier, or any details being able to take the measures necessary on subjects of any other description, we to obtain redress from any legal tribunal. being convinced, that the simple and sin
Now, as the New Catholic Association gle object of obtaining unconditional and cannot interfere in any way to procure re- unqualified relief from our disabilities, dress from parlianent, or the courts of law, should be solely attended to as well by the and as the Catholics certainly suffer the Catholics themselves, as by their friends in cruelest oppressions, and the most unjust Parliament. exclusions from the undoubted rights of The Committee have further agreed to British subjects, it is incumbent on them the following resolution :-to adopt other means, altogether uncon- Resolved, -That the Committee of nected with the New Association, of pre- twenty-one gladly avail themselves of the paring and presenting petitions to parlia- present opportunity to return to Daniel ment; and also for preventing and punish- O'Connell their narked thanks for the ing acts of individual oppression, and of undiminished zeal and talent with which pariy violence.
he has prepared the plan of a Report, for The petitions to Parlianient must, of the formation of a new association. course, be altogether unconnected with the Grenville Ffrench, chairman ; GormanNew Catholic Association, and must ori- ston, Killeen, E. Preston, John Burke, ginate with, and be conducted by, general O'Connor Don, Nicholas Mahon, C. or aggregate meetings ; which, as the law M'Loghlin, James John Bagot, Daniel now stands, may be continued by adjourn- O'Connell, Nicholas P. O'Gorman, Wm. ment for fourteen days, and no longer. Murphy, Michael O'Brien, Richard Sheil,
It is obvious that it would be impossible Philip Fogarty, Michael Bellew, Stephen to arrange all the petitions necessary to be Coppinger, George Bryan, Hugh O'Conpresented to Parliament during the ensuing nor.- July 11, 1825. sessions, in the space of fourteen days. It is deemed advisable to have a petition
It will be seen from the above that presented from every parish in Ireland.
much extraneous matter is introThe country should be thereiore taken duced; and perhaps it had been betseparately by counties. There can, in ter if their sphere of action had been point of law, be fourteen days given to each more limited. All bodies are weakcounty separately and distinctly; but the ened by expansion, and the more business of petitioning for such county business the Association prescribe must be conducted by general or aggregate for themselves, the more imperfectly meetings, unconnected with the New Ca- every portion of it will be done. tholic Association; and such general or Some of their objects, however, are aggregate meetings can continue to sit for the petitions of each county during four- quite unattainable; and, in a politeen days, according to the provisions of tical point of view, absurd. Comthe statute.
merce, we are sure, will neither be Thus the New Catholic Association will retarded nor facilitated by any interhave to attend to details in Catholic af- ference of the Association; and if, by fairs, consistent with the duration of our encouraging the consumption of present grievances, and with an acquies- Irish manufactures,' they mean the cence in our present sufferings.
domestic manufactures of the peaThe separate or aggregate meetings must santry, we agree with them, though and will seek for the redress of grievances, we cannot see in what way they are and the alteration of those matters in likely to effect it; but if they mean, Church and State, by which we are op- as Mr. O'Connell hinted, to wear no pressed.
cloth but that of the Irish loom, they The Committee further very earnestly recommend 10 the Irish people, to make will evince a strange want of pruthe repeal of the said statute of the oth Geo. dence, and an ignorance of political IV. cap. 4. the first object of a petition to economy not to be expected from the legislature; and that such perition do persons of their information. slate to the legislature the unconstitutional The first article in our Magazine
had been written before the proceed- them-it is their disqualifications ings of the Catholics had reached us, which make tyrants of their enemies. or probably we might have entered Remove these, and Orangemen will zpore at large into the subject; but cease to insult, and Catholics cease enough, we are persuaded, has been to complain ; unanimity will be resaid to convince every thinking man stored, and Ireland will be liappy. that Ireland reaps as much advantage The other objects of the Associafrom a loom effectively employed at tion perfectly coincide with the adManchester as at Kilkenny; and, if any vice we ventured to give two months laws existed which did not make that ago; and, though probably it is not the case, the sooner they were abo- in the power of any such constituted lished the better. The time has body to effect any of these in the Swift's advice into practice that of the good that can reasonably be ex
, burning every thing that came from pected from them under all the cirEngland but coals'—for, if England cumstances. They will keep their retaliated, Ireland would be in a bad question before the public, and force
that inert mass of prejudice which It appears to have been forgotten, still exists in England into thought. by those who talked about encou- They will compel the intolerant and raging Irish manufactures, that, for the bigoted to examine the merits of the few yards of broad cloth Ireland their claims; and as John Bull, with takes annually from Great Britain, all his faults, is rational, time and England pays full thirty per cent argument will convince him of their more for the produce of Ireland* justice. It is to England the Cathothan she could import them for from lics must look for emancipation; and other countries. The interests of only convince the British public that these kingdoms are now the same, the real cause of Irish grievances is the benefit of one is the benefit of the penal laws, and they will soon the other-and we hold the Irishman strangle the faction which prevents who would pay one shilling a yard their repeal. To this end we have more for cloth, because it was not laboured, and shall continue to lamanufactured at Leeds, a fanatic of bour. the very worst species.
It has been objected to the New From the commencement of our Association, that they admit persons publication we have endeavoured to of all religions. This, in our opiimpress upon our Irish readers one nion, constitutes one of their merits, important truth-that the monster and proves that they are not so much which oppresses them has many a religious as a national body; and fangs, but only one head, that the we can see nothing inconsistent in a penal laws are the Alpha and Omega Protestant sitting down to vindicate of Irish grievances and that, by Catholic principles. These objeccomplaining of imaginary wrongs, tions have acquired some weight, in they only divert public attention consequence of being urged by a man from the vital cause of their suffer- who was the fulsome eulogist of all ings. Ireland is, indeed, a most un- the proceedings of the late Associahappy country-perhaps the most tion: we mean Cobbett. Of this unhappy in the world—but, remove man's talents, as a political writer, the disabilities which affect her people, there is but one opinion; and of his and show us, in Europe, a lovelier gross inconsistency and mean hypospot, or one possessed of so many crisy there is, in England at least, real advantages. Let the Associa- but one opinion also. The Cathotion, therefore, concentrate all their lics, contrary to their own notions, energy on one point let them cease have profited nothing by the advoto talk idly about manufactures and cacy of this man; for he has long absentees and hold up to the gaze since ceased to possess any influence of the world the chains which gall over the minds of thinking Englishthem. It is their fetters which pain men. They regard him as a politi
* In Ireland five millions depend upon agriculture for support, and not more than six thousand are employed in the manufacture of cloth.