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shortest and the longest return of tenantry: for it is an advantage, market will find few abettors on the which agriculture alone possesses, Royal Exchange; and, even were it that the price of land is always regutrue, Liverpool and Bristol are as near lated by the price of agricultural proas Dublin to Cork or Waterford. duce. The landlord may reside where What Mr. Ensor calls a farce are the he pleases-even in Algiers—without natural operations of commerce; and injury to his tenant; for rent is that sum there is no circumvolution that would which remains, after the farmer has not take place, were Irish proprietors made his proper deductions for labour, all residing in Dublin. We have interest of capital, &c. If the landlord known that city before and since the by his presence enables the farmer to Union, and are prepared to say that get high prices, he gets a high rent: it exhibited quite as much misery if, by his absence, he contributes to when Grattan and Flood shook a na- low prices, he gets a low rent. In tive senate as it has since money, either case the farmer's profits are the changers took up their abode in the same.* Absence or residence is a temple of the legislature. It is an question of prudence to be decided by error tu suppose that the presence of the landlord. Irish proprietors are aristocratic wealth banishes distress. the last men who should declaim Dublin, and twenty miles round, is against England, for the connexion inhabited by nine-tenths of Ireland's contributes considerably to their anresident gentry and men of wealth : nual income. yet it does now, and always did, exhi. Mr. Ensor has fallen into another bit within that circle more misery error, by saying that we give a prethan all the rest of Ireland combined. ference to absentee landlords. We The same thing happens in rural dis- do no such thing; we only say that tricts ; for a resident proprietor of the resident landlords are some of the county of Cork, in his examination very worst; and a thing so notorious before the Select Committee, reite- does not require proof. The estates rates the fact, that where there are of some absentees may be badly mano gentry the people are most con- naged; and so is the property of tented and happy. Leave man to many residents. We could never see himself; God did not create him to any difference between them. depend upon either charity or the We did think that Mr. Ensor had generosity of noblemen.
in him more of the spirit of demoWe do not exactly understand cracy than to become the advocate of what Mr. Ensor means by a double a bloated aristocracy. That they are market. If he thinks that England useless, Mr. Ensor's favourite Amewould receive Irish corn and provi. rica bears witness; and Switzerland sions, though Irishmen refused to has for centuries done very well withmake use of her manufactures, he out them. Were every proprietordeceives himself. She now pays like Mr. Ensor himself-blending lithirty or forty per cent. more than terature with humanity, and looking she could import these things from upon his fellow man, in whatever stathe Continent for; and, if Mr. Ensor tion, as a being equally favoured by doubts the encouragement which Eng- nature, and equally entitled to civil land gives to Irish agriculture, we rights—then we would hail their rerefer him to his own rent-roll. Were sidence on their estates as a peculiar grain only ten shillings a barrel in blessing. But this is notoriously not place of twenty, Mr. Ensor could ex- the case; and, therefore, we rejoice pect only ten shillings an acre for that Ireland's aristocracy may reside land which now produces him twenty. where they please in his majesty's We don't mean to say that such a dominions, without injury to their state of things, provided they were country. permanent, would be injurious to his Mr. Ensor's letter shows what er
* This shows, contrary to Mr. Ensor's opinion, that there is a material difference between rent paid to absentees, and tribute paid to a tyrant. The one is fixed, the other is variable. The one is taken by force, the other is demanded as an equivalent for the use of lands.
rors a noble and a generous mind may land, and are quite sure that we could fall into when over-zealous for the not evince that love better than by good of an abused and injured coun. proving that her grievances are not try. We admire his patriotism, but as her enemies say-attributable in are confident that in this instance his the slightest degree to absenteeism. views are mistaken. We, too, love Ire
MEMOIR OF LORD GRENVILLE. WILLIAM WYNDHAM, Lord Gren- of Lords. In 1810, however, he adville, is the second son of the cele- dressed a letter to Lord Fingal, debrated George Grenville, brother of claratory of his opinion respecting seEarl Temple, and who, previous to curities then agitated, from which it apthe American war, was regarded as peard that he was an advocate for the an able financier. One of his pro. veto. Such a measure,'said he, acjects (the Stamp Act), however, led companied by suitable arrangements, to eventful consequences, one of maturely prepared and deliberately which was the American Revolution. adopted, would, I am confident,
The subject of our memoir was above all others, give strength and born October the 25th, 1759; and, unity to the empire, and increased after receiving a liberal education, security to its religious and civil estahe entered parliament at a very early blishments. To those establishments age. He joined the party headed by I am unalterably attached ; their inMr. Pitt, and greatly distinguished violable maintenance I have ever himself by his speeches in support of considered as essential to all the measures recommended by the mi- dearest interests of my country : but nistry. From the abilities he thus they rest, I am certain, on foundaearly displayed his party looked upon tions much too firm, they are far too him as one qualified to fill the highest deeply rooted in the affections of that offices in the state. Accordingly, he community to which they dispense was soon after appointed Speaker of the blessings of religion, order, and the House of Commons; and, in 1791, liberty, to require the adventitious he succeeded the Duke of Leeds as and dangerous support of partial secretary of state for the foreign restrictions, fruitful in discontent, department.
but for security wholly inefficient. At this critical period he evinced In consequence of these sentiments great political knowledge in his ne- the Catholic petition was withdrawn gotiation with the European powers; from his lordship, and confided to and, about the same time, he was the care of the late Earl of Donoughelevated to the peerage by the title of more. Lord Grenville and his party, Lord Grenville.
however, are entitled to Catholic In 1796 he retired, and remained gratitude, for they have always been out of office until his celebrated zealous advocates for emancipation; coalition with Mr. Fox, in 1800. and, latterly, they have supported The result of that measure is well that measure independent of reknown. The Whigs were soon dis- strictions. Mr. Plunkett owes his carded, and the Tories continued in late elevation to the Grenvilles. the exclusive enjoyment of power Lord Grenville now resides exuntil 1819, when the Grenville party clusively at his country seat, and were once more admitted to office. has not for some years taken his
Lord Grenville was long distin- place in the House of Lords. guished for his zeal and perseverance. The portrait which accompanies in advocating the claims of the Ro- the present number exhibits his man Catholics. When in office in lordship in his robes as Chancellor 1800 he brought that measure for- of Oxford University. It is drawn ward, and, at two subsequent periods, by Hoppner, and engraved by the supported it in his place in the House first of British artists, Mr. Heath.
The sternest sages at thy altar kneel;
Before thy beauty bend, and deeply feel
And earth and heaven conspire against his weal-
Even in his hours of deepest piety,
And give thee foretaste of the Deity:
And penetrate the depths of mystery ;
'Gainst which the waves eternally have beat-
That drives the mind of mankind from its seat ;
Or sunk with woe, or raised with joy elate;
A ray of feeling borrowed from on high,
And wakes our senses into ecstacy,
Only one object of idolatry,
Alike are centred in thy glowing heart;
Which thrills, like lightning, through his inmost part ;
Feels love's delightful, sadly-pleasing, smart;
With fond idolatry before thy shrine;
My best reward will be a smile of thine.
Of sinless seraphs sent down most benign;
To sing thy praises with an earthly tongue;
Which pours its waves unceasingly along
Or like the echoes of an angel's song,
And almost feels the influence of his rays.