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benefit of Ireland, the Union has been left stand before we meet at dinner, lest any incomplete in the one essenţial point, with. conversation there should appear to come out which there is no hope of peace or upon him by surprise. prosperity for that country. As long as
“C. J. F." religious disqualification is left to “ lie like Arlington Street, Sunday.” lees at the bottom of men's hearts,” in vain 'It would be rash, without some further doth the voice of Parliament pronounce insight into the circumstances of this sinthe word “ Union” to the two islands, gular interference, to enter into any spea feeling, deep as the sea that breaks be- çulations with respect to its nature or tween them, answers back, sullenly, motives, or to pronounce how far Mr. Separation.”—P. 585.
Sheridan was justified in being the instruIn 1804 the office of Receiver of the ment of this communication. But on the Duchy of Cornwall, worth about share of Mr. Fox in the transaction, such 15001. a year, was conferred on him suspension of opinion is unnecessary. We by the Prince of Wales, who at the have here his simple and honest words same time regretted that he had before us, and they breathe a spirit of nothing better to give.
sincerity from which even princes might Next
take a lesson with advantage.? he acted a part which
year requires explanation. The following
The Morning Chronicle' has inextract deserves to be read with at- ferred from this, that his present Matention :
jesty is averse to the Catholic claims. • On the 10th of May, the claims of the We do not think so. Sheridan, in one Roman Catholics of Ireland were, for the of his letters to the prince, alludes to first time, brought under the notice of the his royal highness's delicate șituaImperial Parliament, by Lord Grenville tion respecting Emancipation; and in the House of Lords, and by Mr. Fox in Mr. Moore, at page 428, speaking of the House of Commons. A few days be the regency, has the following refore the debate, as appears by the following markable words :- The ready and remarkable letter, Mr. Sheridan was made ardent burst of devotion with which the medium of a communication from Ireland, at this moment, like the Carlton House, the object of which was to prevent Mr. Fox from presenting the Pythagoreans at their morning worpetition.
ship, turned to welcome with her ~ Dear Sheridan,
harp the rising sun, was long remem" I did not receive your letter till last bered by the object of her homage night.
with pride and gratitude,-and, let us “ I did, on Thursday, consent to be the trust, is not even yet entirely forpresenter of the Catholic petition, at the gotten.'* This subject, however, rerequest of the delegates, and had further quires elucidation. conversation on the subject with them at Lord Grenville's yesterday morning. Lord tered office as treasurer of the navy
In the year 1806,-Sheridan enGrenville also consented to present the much against his inclination-but petition to the House of Lords. Now, his embarrassed circumstances left therefore, any discussion on this part of the subject would be too late ; but I will him no choice. In the same year he fairly own, that, if it were not, I could not was chosen representative for Westbe dissuaded from doing the public act, minster; but, at the next election, which, of all others, it will give me the he was defeated by Sir Francis Burgreatest satisfaction and pride to perform. dett. He came in, however, for No past event in my political life ever did, Ilchester. and no future one ever can, give me such Previous to 1811 the Whigs had pleasure.
been split into parties, and when the " I am sure you know how painful it king's illness gave them hopes of would be to me to disobey any command of liis'royal highness's, or even to act in power under the regency, we find any manner that might be in the slightest them, with the help of Sheridan, imdegree contrary to his wishes, and, there- prudently putting it almost out of fore, I am not sorry that your intimation the power of the prince to honour came too late. I shall endeavour to see
them with his confidence. The dothe prince to-day; but, if I should fail
, cuments relative to this affair, given pray take care that he knows how things by Mr. Moore, are curious and im
** This vain hope was expressed before the late decision on the Catholic question had proved to the Irish that, where their rights are concerned, neither public nor private pledges are regarded.'
portant. His royal highness, it ap- destined gradation towards the result at pears, sent for Lords Grenville and which it at last arrived, after as much Grey, to draw up his aðswer to the fluctuation of political principle, on one address of Parliament. They did so side, as there was of indifference, perhaps, ---but in a manner injurious to his to all political principle on the other. feelings, but complimentary to their
*Among the arrangements that had own consistency:
been made, in contemplation of a new
Sheridan, who disliked the coalition, drew up an
ministry, at this time, it was intended that
Lord Moira should go, as lord lieutenant, answer to the address, more agreeable to Ireland, and that
Mr. Sheridan should to the prince; and the coalesced lords accompany him, as chief secretary.'afterwards sent in a kind of remon- P. 662, 3. strance; which afforded Sheridan • The political career of Sheridan was what he thought a good opportunity now drawing fast to a close. He spoke of making them feel his power.
but upon two or three other occasions * Though privately alienated from thein, during the session; and among the last on personal as well as political grounds, sentences uttered by him in the House he knew that, publicly, he was too much
were the following ;-which, as calculated identified with their ranks, ever to serve,
to leave a sweeter flavour on the memory, wiih credit or consistency, in any other.
at parting, than those questionable transHe had, therefore, in the ardour of under. actions that have just been related, I mining, carried the ground from beneath have great pleasure in citing his own feet. In helping to disband his “My objection to the present ministry party, he had cashiered himself; and is, that they are avowedly arrayed and there remained to him now, for the residue embodied against a principle,--that of of his days, but that frailest of all sublu- concession to the Catholics of Ireland, nary trea sures, a prince's friendship.
which I think, and must always think, With this conviction, (which, in spite essential to the safety of this empire. I of all the sanguineness of his disposition, will never give my vote to any adminiscould hardly have failed to force itself on tration that opposes the questiun of Cathohis mind,) it was not, we should think, lic Emancipation. I will not consent to with very self-gratulatory feelings that he receive a furlough upon that particular undertook the task, a few weeks after, of question, even though a ministry were inditing, for the Regent, that memorable carrying every other that I wished. In letter to Mr. Perceval, which sealed the fine, I think the situation of Ireland a fate at once both of his party and himself, paramount consideration. If they were to and, whatever false signs of re-animation be the last words I should ever utter in may afterwards have appeared, severed this House, I should say, "Be just to the last life-lock by which the “ struggling Ireland, as you value your own honour ; spirit*" of this friendship between royalty -be just to Ireland, as you value your and whiggism still held ;
own peace." '.-P. 677. i " dextra crinem secat, omnis
On the dissolution of Parliament,
in 1812, he tried his old friends at Dilapsus calor, atque in ventos vita Stafford; but, as his purse was not recessit."
quite so heavy as that of his oppoWith respect to the chief personage nent, he lost his election. The connected with these transactions, it is a prince regent offered to bring him proof of the tendency of knowledge tờ in, but he declined entering Parliaproduce a spirit of tolerance, that they ment with the royal mark upon him. who, judging merely from the surface of The calamities of his life may be said events, have been most forward in repro- now to have commenced. Drurybating his separation from the Whigs, as a Lane Theatre, which was burnt in rupture of political ties and abandonment 1809, had been re-built ; but Sheriof private friendships, must, on becoming dan was excluded by the committee more thoroughly acquainted with all the from having any thing further to do circunstances ihat led to this crisis, with it. Even the sum for which he learn to soften down considerably their angry feelings ; and to see, indeed, in the disposed of his title was paid him whole history of the connection, from its grudgingly; and at one time he suffirst formation, in the hey-day of youth fered the profanation of having been and party, to its faint survival after the carried to a spunging-house. death of Mr. Fox, but a natural and The disorder of Mr. Sheridan, a
* Lucians anima.
diseased stomach, now grew rapidly behalf of poor Sheridan, whose door on him, while the embarrassment of was soon thronged with such visitors his affairs helped to accelerate the as the Duke of York, the Duke of approach of death. In the beginning Argyll, &c.: but it was now too late. of 1816 his powers began to fail him; Sheridan died on the 7th of July, 1816, but still the wretched spot where he aged sixty-five,and was buried in Westlay down to die was not secured minster obey. Seldom has there against the incursion of clamorous been such an array of rank as graced creditors; and bailiffs at length gain- his funeral; and it was well reinarked ed possession of his house. During at the time by a French journal, that all this time it does not appear that, France is the place for a man of letwith the exception of Lord Holland, * ters to live in, and England the place any of his noble or royal friends call- for him to die in.' ed at his door, or even sent to in- Mr. Sheridan lost his first wife-to quire after him.
whosc amiable character Mr. Moore About this period Mr. Vaughan has done justice-in 1792, and was intimated to Dr. Bain that he was married to his second wife, the daughcommissioned to appropriate two ter of the Dean of Winchester, in hundred pounds for Sheridan’s user 1795. This lady did not long survive to be paid at the rate of fifty pounds her husband. She had no child. at a time. Mrs. Sheridan refused re. Sheridan's only son died when ceiving this petty sum, as the imme. young. diate wants of her high-minded hus- Copious as have been our extracts band had been supplied from the from this interesting work, we cannot purse of Mr. Rogers, by the hands of conclude without giving Mr. Moore's' Mr. Moore. • Mr. Vaughan,' says character of Sheridan. the biographer, ' always said that the donation, thus meant to be doled
* His political character stands out so out, came from a royal hand; but fully in these pages, that it is needless, by this is hardly credible. It would be any comments, to attempt to raise it into safer, perhaps, to let the suspicion of the subject, and guard them against the
stronger relief. If to watch over the rights rest upon that gentleman's memory encroachments of power, be, even in safe -of having indulged his own bene- and ordinary times, a task full of useful. volent disposition in this disguise- ness and honour, how much more glorious than to suppose it possible that so to have stood sentinel over the same sacred scanty and reluctant a benefaction trust, through a period so trying as that was the sole mark of attention ac
with which Sheridan had to struggle corded by a
gracious prince and when liberty itself had become suspected master” to the last death-bed wants
and unpopular-when authority had sncof one of the most accomplished and ceeded in identifying patriotism with faithful servants that royalty ever yet deserted friends of freedom were reduced
treason, and when the few remaining and raised or ruined by its smiles. When
to take their stand on a narrowing isthmus, the philosopher, Anaxagoras, lay between anarchy on one side and the angry dying for want of sustenance, his incursions of power on the other. How great pupil, Pericles, sent him a sum manfully he maintained his ground in a
“ Take it back," said position so critical, the annals of England Anaxagoras; “ if he wished to keep and of the champions of her constitution the lamp alive, he ought to have ad- will long testify. The truly national spirit ministered the oil before."
100, with which, when that struggle was In the mean time a sheriff's officer past, and the dangers to liberty from had arrested the dying man in his without seemed greater than any from bed, but was deterred from removing
within, he forgot all past differences in the him, in consequence of the physician while others «
one common cause of Englishmen, and,
gave but the left hand to representing the responsibility be the country," proffered her both of his, should incur in case of death. At stamped a seal of sincerity on bis public length an article in the Morning conduct,which, in the eyes of all England, Posť arrested public sympathy in authenticated it as genuine patriotism.
* Among the few who did not forsake him in his misfortune, the names of Rogess' Moore, and Dr. Bain, stand conspicuous.
• To his own party, it is true, his conduct The poet Cowley, in speaking of the un. presented a very different phasis; and if productiveness of those pursuits connected implicit partisanship were ihe sole merit with wit and fancy, says beautifully, of a public man, his movements, at this and other junctures, were far too indepen
" Where such fairies once have danced, no dent and unbarnessed to lay claim to it.
grass will ever grow." But however useful may be the bond of But, unfortunately, thorns will grow there; party, there are occasions that supersede and he who walks unsteadily among such it; and, in all such deviations from the thorns as now beset the once enchanted fidelity which it enjoins, the two ques. path of Sheridan, ought not, after all, to be tions to be asked are-were they, as re- very severely criticised. garded the public, right? Were they,
Having taken a cursory view of his as regarded ihe individual himself, un. literary, political, and social qualities, it purchased ? To the former question, in remains for me to say a few words upon the instance of Sheridan, the whole coun- that most important point of all, his moral try responded in the affirmative;, and to character. the latter, his account with the Treasury, . There are few persons, as we have seen, from first to last, is & sufficient an- to whose kind and affectionate conduct, in sparkles up for ever in the pathway of died a rich apostate, instead of closing a such a man :
some of the most interesting relations of Even, however, on the score of fidelity domestic life, so many strong and honourto party, when we recollect that he more able testimonies remain. The pains he than once submitted to some of the worst took to win back the estranged feelings of martyrdoms which it imposes that of his father, and the filial tenderness with sharing in the responsibility of opinions which he repaid long years of parental from which be dissented, and suffering by caprice, show a heart that had, at least, set the ill consequences of measures against out by the right road, however, in many which he had protested ;-when we call years, it may have missed the way. The to mind, too, that during the administra- enthusiastic love which his sister bore him, tion of Mr. Addington, though agreeing and retained, unblighted by distance or wholly with the ministry, and differing with neglect, is another proof of the infuence of the Whigs, he even then refused to profit' his amiable feelings, at that period of life by a position so favourable to his interests, when he was as yet unspoiled by the world. and submitted, like certain religionists, We have seen the romantic funduess which from a point of honour, to suffer for a faith he preserved towards the first Mrs. Shein which he did not believe it seems im. ridan, even while doing his utmost, and in possible not to concede that even to the vain, to extinguish the same feeling in her. obligations of party he was as faithful as With the second wile, a course, nearly could be expected from a spirit that so far similar, was run; the same “ scatterings outgrew its limits; and, in paying the tax and eclipses” of affection, from the irreguof fidelity while he asserted the freedom of larities and vanities in which he continued dissent,showed that he could sacrifice every to indulge, but the same hold kept of each thing to it, except his opinion. Through other's hearts to the last. Her early letters all these occasional variations, too, he re- to him breathe a passion little short of mained a genuine Whig to the last ; and, idolatry, and her devoted attentions beside as I have heard one of his own party hap- his death-bed showed that the essential pily express it, was " like pure gold, that part of the feeling still remained. changes colour in the fire, but comes out • To claim an exemption for frailties and unaltered.”
irregularities on the score of genius, while • The transaction in 1812, relative to the there are such names as Milton and Newhousehold, was, as I have already said, ton on record, were to be blind to the ex. the least defensible part of his public life. ample which these and other great men But it should be recollected how broken he have left, of the grandest intellectual was, both in mind and body, at that period - powers combined with the most virtuous his resources from the theatre at an end- lives. But, for the bias given early to the the shelter of Parliament about to be taken mind by education and circumstances, from over his head also—and old age and even the least charitable may be inclined sickness coming on, as every hope and to make large allowances. We have seen comfort vanished. In that wreck of all how idly the young days of Sheridan were around him, the friendship of Carlton
wasted-how soon be was left (in the House was the last asylum left to his pride words of the prophet) " to dwell careand his hope; and that even character" lessly,” and with what an undisciplined itself should, in a too zealous moment, temperament be was thrown upon the have been one of the sacrifices offered up world, to meet at every step that neverat the shrine that protected him, is a sub. failing spring of temptation, which, like ject more of deep regret than ot wonder. the fatal fountain in the garden of Armida,
life of patriotism in beggary; He might “Un fonte sorge in lei, che vaghe e monde (to use a fitie expression of his own)
a bid his head in a coronet," instead of Ha l'acque si, che i riguardanti asseta. Ma dentro ai freddi suoi cristalli asconde
earning for it but the harren wreath of
public gratitude. While, therefore, we Di tosco estran malvagita secreta."
admire the great sacrifice that he made, let • Let it nevér, too, be forgotten, in esti- us be tolerant to the errors and imprumating this part of his character, that bad dences which it entailed upon him : and, he been less consistent and disinterested in recollecting how vain it is to look for any his public conduct, he might have com- thing unalloyed in this world, rest satisfied manded the means of being independent with the Martyr without requiring also the and respectable in private. He might have Saint.'
TALES OF LOW LIFE.
The smoky town was just in sight-
And she was in a ragged plight.
In pity look on me;
Away in charity!
That I am old I'm sure appears;
Just eight-and-sixty years.'
What have you through that time been at?'
For me to tell all that.
To service I was sent ;
But, to whatever place I went,
My sweet young mistress on me doted ;
In a dark kitchen under ground,
When other business could be found.
My kitchen clothes aside were laid :
A dressy children's maid.