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their conflicting interests will pro- are the proprietors ? By a vast and overduce better results than any positive whelming majority, the Protestant nobility law.

an I gentry. If therefore in Ireland the Speaking of the law which makes Protestant establishment be maintained under-tenants responsible for the head by contribution, it is maintained by Pro

But in truth, as we have alrent, the reviewer questions whether testants, · Morocco or Algiers sanctions any is maintained by the landowners of neither

ready shown, the Protestant establishment more flagrant and shameful abuse!' creed, but by its own property. Neither Why the same law is acted upon every doos the Roman Catholic tenant, whatday in the week, in every town in ever may be his notions, contribute any Great Britain as well as Ireland ; and, thing to its support; he stands precisely though it frequently occasions much in the same situation with every Protest individual misfortune, I know not how ant tithe-payer; be "takes his land it could be reinedied without produc- with the reservation of one-tenth as the ing evils greater than those incidental property of the tithe-owner, whether this to the present sistein.

iithe-owner be lay or clerical: þia relation Having now shown the incapacity

to the incumbent is in this respect simply of this writer for the task he under that of a debtor to his creditor; it is an

aft took, I shall not dwell on the re

purely temporal : the impropriator mainder of the article. I perfectly lay rector, or, like the incumbent of a

may, like the Duke of Devonshire, be a agree with his observations on tithes, parish, be a minister of the church ; in and should give him every credit for each case the tithe must be paid, because them were they his own ; but, having it is the property of the individual who already read them about five hundred claims it. times in different speeches and pam- All the chief landholders in Ireland phlets, the reviewer, I hope, will ex- are Protestants, the greater part of the cuse me if I withhold praise which he tenantry is Roman Catholic; is it deemed certainly does not merit. I do hope

a hardship upon the tenant that he is to that my countrymen will, from this pay rent to a Protestant landlord ? If not, day forward, place a proper value why is he to be commiserated because, upon those hollow friends who, in of the clergyman, he has to pay for it

having carried into his bam the property advocating Catholic emancipation, rem about a third of its value ? present them as the most turbulent and satage people in Europe.

Passing over the facts, as having no The Quarterly Review,

which ap kind of a blundering fellow is this?

connexion with the argument, what peared in nearly the same week as the Does he not know that parsons will

Edinburgh,' is quite as dull usual. The Life of Hayley' is pleas- tithes--that they must have corn,

not accept earth and stones for their ingly written, and the review of Campbell's “ Theodric' just. There is hay, and potatoes ; and that these are a capital essay on Rail-roads, and a labour of the Catholic tenant? Leave

produced by the capital, sweat, and lame puff of Washington Irving's the land there for ages, and what will works; but the remaining articles are dull in the extreme, unless we except

it produce ?-haws and blackberries that on the Church in Ireland, which, very unsubstantial diet for a modern indeed, is a bold attempt at justi- the Church is entitled to one-tenth of fying an existing abuse; but the evils of tishes paid to parsons without flocks the propriétor's property, it is evident are too glaring to be defended by that this does not satisfy her; for, in sophistry or special pleading. What taking the decimal part of all agria think you of a writer in this age of cultural produce, she taxes the induspolitical economy who has the hardi- try, the capital, and the seed which hood to put forth such reasoning as lie farmer to plough, harrow, and

produced it. She compels the Cathothe following ? *Suppose tithes to be remuneration

sow, to reap and bind, and then for the services of the clergy: suppose

comes and carries off every tenth them to be contributed from some quarter : shoaf, without leaving behind her a who are properly the contributors ? Cer- single grain of seed for the ensuing tainly the proprietors of estates. But who eason.

* Tithes are not only an oppressive impost, but an impolitic one, for they act as a bounty on idleness, while they tend to impede national improvement, In the times

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After this will any man be so the North will prefer losing ten stupid or so perverse as to say the pounds in litigation sooner than Catholic farmer does not contribute quietly submit to the demands of the to the support of a Church which af- parson. fords him neither spiritual nor tempo. Where is the proof, asks the reral assistance? But the unjustly viewer, that the insurrections in treated Catholic pays more than the Ireland are to be traced to the title tenth of his annual produce to this system ?' I answer-in the wellplethoric Church: he builds the edi- known fact that, in every commotion fice, erects the steeple, purchases the during the last seventy years, parsons minister's surplice and the sexton's and proctors were the objects of gown, remunerates the parish clerk, Whiteboy vengeance ; and I can tell and keeps the house of God' in re- this very silly writer that had it not pair. Nay, more, he is taxed to pay been for tithes we should never have for the communion bread and wine witnessed systematic opposition to used by orthodox Protestants ! The the laws in Munster. I will adinit. pareon is no sooner satisfied than in that tithes, obnoxious as they are, walks his clerk; and when he is dis- were never the first provocatives to missed the churchwarden enters.- insurrection. To land monopolists, À succession of plagues thus beset and the growing taste for large farms, the poor

man's door; and, while his I attribute that evil; but to the hard-earned substance goes to satisfy Church is certainly due the merit of their rapacity, a mercenary scribe protracting the servile war; for, in some London Review insults the while comparatively few had to comcommon sense of mankind by assert- plain of cruel landlords, or dreaded ing that the Catholic peasant of Ire- being turned out of their farms, all land contributes nothing of his own felt the evil effects of tithes and

the Protestant establishment. church rates; and, therefore, we uniChurch rates are, at all events, taken formly find these placed on the deout of poor Paddy's pocket; and it re- voted list, that all might be stimuquired more than usual etfrontery in lated to activity, by having constantly this scribe to make the statement he before their eyes the name of that did with these facts staring him in · from the destruction of which every, the face.

man anticipated some personal beneThis article may be justly called fit. Tithes, therefore, though not a the last dying words and declaration paramount, have been an extensive of ecclesiastical monopoly in Ireland.' evil, which served, like certain All former arguments are renewed, cutaneous diseases, to irritate without and no common industry displayed maddening. in bringing forward new ones : but If, as the reviewer asserts, the land all will not do; the interested veil of proprietors pay the Church, why not, sophistry is seen through, and those instead of a Tithe Composition Bill, that run may read. I care not about enact a simple law, which would give residents or non-residents. The Pro- one-tenth of the rent, and not of the testant minister is without followers, produce, to the parson? Let the and how can the people regard him legislature do this, and no party will as a disciple of the 'meek and lowly have a right to complain.—The tenant Jesus' when he does not scruple to will then see exactly what he has to fatten on the labour and industry of pay, and the minister will be remu. those who neither require his services nerated without being suspected of nor believe in their efficacy? The Irish demanding too much; and I would Protestant seems to be aware of this, even give him the same power as the and, contrary to the reviewer's opi- landlord to compel payment. There nion, pays his tithe with the utmost can be no doubt but that the price of reluctance; while the Presbyterian of land is lower now than it would be if in which we live, they are a tax upon industry, upon enterprise, and upon agricultural skill. Is a man intelligent and industrious-does he by agriculture reclaim a tract of land, and make it productive of corn, he is visited and harassed by the tithe proctor; does his neighbour, through want of inclination or of skill, keep his farm in pasture and unimproved he is exonerated from the burden of tithes.'-JUDGE FLETCHER'S Charge to the Grand Jury of Wexford in 1814.

titfie-free; and I assure you I have amiable prelate and worthy character, no wish to see the aristocracy put in I must say he appears to me a very their pockets what undoubtedly be- simple and credulous man. Few of longs to some Church : but, until the his countrymen will read the followmeasure I recommend is carried into ing, quoted by the reviewer, without effect, you will have nothing but a smile :tithe-battles both in Ireland and England. In the latter country these ob- land are not odious to the people. On the

• Assuredly the Protestant clergy in Irenoxious imposts are enacted with a contrary, I believe in my conscience, and severity and pertinacity unknown in I know from a thousand other proofs, that, the former.

when the people are left to the free exerI pass over all the fine compliments cise of their judgments, and the natural paid by the reviewer to the Protestant flow of their affections, the clergy, as inclergy as a thing of course, and cer- dividuals, and as a body, are among the tainly felt not a little surprised on

most popular, if not entirely the most pofinding pot one slap at popery in the pular, members of society!! whole six-and-thirty pages: but, as a proof of his impartiality, he excluded circumstances not within the control of

I know a parish which, from peculiar from the catalogue of publications, the bishop, was for several months left which, like sentinels, stood guard at vacant, and unprovided with a resident the head of his article, every one of minister. The population were predomithose works upon the subject which nantly Roman Catholic ; and they had an alone deserved notice. In vain I excellent pastor of their own communion ; looked for Captain Rock 'or Dr. but still they absolutely felt as sheep withDoyle's Letters. No, no, these would out a shepherd, and were yearning for a not serve his cause, and, therefore, Protestant clergyman !!! he mostly supplied their place with My paper is exhausted-Mrs. O'R. anonymous pamphlets. The Bishop has sent for me ; 80 adieu. of Limerick, indeed, is introduced;

Rory O’ROURKE. . and, though I look upon him as a very Bedford Square.

SONG.

Air - Patrick's Day.'
My country, the inorning of freedom, in shining,

Its lustre and splendour around thee has cast;
The darkness of fate and the night of repining
Now far from thy valleys have gloonily passed :

The day-break of right

Is cheerful and bright,
Reluming our hopes and our friendships at last :

The brow that would dare,

The hand that would spare,
The look of high thought, and the soul of emotion,

No longer in thraldom shall steal to decay,
But, glowing with all the warm native's devotion,

Shall brilliantly brighten on Patrick's Day.
Why talk of our gratitude ? how can we owe it

For ages in suffering and calumny passed ?
If freedom be given us,

let them who bestow it
Be told it is freedom wrung from them at last.

Yet, grateful and proud

Of merit avowed,
That monarch with firmness we still shall obey,

Who 'sanctioned the claim

Of our faith and our fame,
Enriching our hopes with what long was denied us

In dignity's counsel, in valour's array,
When few had befriended, but many belied us,

Obscuring our joys on each Patrick's Day.

But now, in the dawn of our rank and our glory,

With feelings arising in friendship and fire
At the name of our country, the pomp of her story,
The song of her bard and the sound of her lyre ;

As friends will be known

Around the throne
Of the monarch who bade us with nature aspire

To rank and to right,

At the feast, at the fight,
As brothers in honour, as soldiers in action,

And men of one country, in pride to array,
Dispelling for ever the thick clouds of faction
From Erin's green bosom on Patrick's Day.

Hugh CLARBE.

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THE CATHOLIC ASSOCIATION.-On unprofessional reader. It will appear song Friday, the 19th of March, this distin- time in May or June. guished body held their final meeting. WILLIAM Owen, Esq. R. A...This disA spirited but teinperate Address to the tinguished artist died at his house in LonCatholics of Ireland was voted; and va- don, on Friday, the 11th of March, after rious resolutions were passed, fron which a protracted illness of nearly six years; we extract the followiug paragraphs: and it is lamentable to record that he did

• Resolved, That the Catholic Associa- not fall a victim to his long suffering, but tion, in that perfect obedience to the law was burried out of the world by having which we have always inculcated, by pre- laudanum administered to him in mistake. cept as well as by example, will, from this Mr. Owen was a native of Wales, and day forth, totally cease to hold any meet- tanked in the first class of portrait painting whatsoevers during the period prohi- ers. bited by law.

The Late Mn. MATURIN. We rejoice • Resolved, That, in the same spirit of to find that a subscription has been sel on obedience to the law, we do hereby vest foot in Dublin, for the benefit of the in Lord Killeen the sum of money now in widow and children of this distinguished the hands of the gentlemen who have been character. hitherto treasurers of the Catholic Associa. DR. SAMUEL PARR, LL. D. This tion, being well convinced that the moneys eminent selolar died at Hatton on the so vested in him will be applied by bis 6th of last month. From the year 1780, lordship to the purposes for which the (when he commenced his literary career same were collected, or to such only of the by the publication of two sermons,) till a said purposes as shall be found to be per- late period, he frequently employed his feetly legal, if any thereof have been pen on critical, political, and theological (which at present we do not believe) ren. subjects. His Bellendenius de Statu, and dered illegal.'

Preface,' &c. and Character of the late Another resolution expressed the grati- Mr. Fox,' in two octavo volumes,(published tude of the Association towards Daniel under the name of • Philopatris VarvicienO'Connell, Esq. and their undiminished sis,') are his most distinguished works. He confidence in hin,

was celebrated as a Greek scholar, and After the business of the day was con- in his time associated with almost all the cluded, three cheers were given · for old great and learned among his cotempoIreland,' and the Exchange rang with loud raries. His age was near 86), being born and long.continued appeals of acclaman at Harrow, the 26th January, 1746-7. tion. Mr. Conway then moved that the GREENWICA HOSPITAL.Owing to the Association should adjourn sine die, which great laboor bestowed on the embellishwas carried unanimously, and the meeting nents for this work, it cannot appear until separated in solemn silence.

the first of May. The engravings are on Mr. JAMBS, the paval historian, has a a scale hitherto unattempted by Mr. George new and improved edition of his · Naval Cruikstrank. History' now in the press, which promises CAMPBELL AND BYRON.-The author of to be the most complete and valuable ac-, •The Pleasures of llope' has addressed the count of sea engagements ever yet brought oditor of the Edinburgh Review, stating before the public. Many of the actions, that the idea of his poem, the Last Man, are illustrated by diagrams, so as to rens was not borrowed froņi Lord Byron's poema der the details perfectly intelligible to the of Darkness.

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DUBLIN AND LONDON MAGAZINE.

MAY, 1825.

DEFENCE OF THE IRISH.

So much of what we call civiliza- under the following heads :- 1. Igtion and barbarism depends upon norance ; 2. Superstition; 3. Barbanational ideas, and preconceived no- rism; 4. Immorality; 5. Idleness ; tions, that the attributes of a people and, 6. Poverty. In this order we are best ascertained by comparison; shall consider them; and, firstand if, in defending the Irish from a Ignorance. This is a relative term, long catalogue of imputations, we and bears different significations unshould occasionally make reprisals der different circumstances, and in upon their neighbours, it would be different places. Mr. Cobbett is igno more than retributive justice re- norant of Latin, and Dr. Johnson quires, since from them the charges was partially ignorant of Greek; yet we repel have emanated.

assuredly neither of these men is to English and Scotch writers, of all be accounted ignorant. If by ignosects and parties, have so long in. rance is meant the absence of book dulged in sneers and invectives against learning, the charge is false ; for the people of Ireland, that it is time to the people of Ireland,' says Mr. reverse the tables-to make the lion, Wakefield, are universally educated;' for once, the painter-and, by com- and, though sensible that this asserparing the inhabitants of both king- tion was calculated to excite the rididoms, see to which reproach most cule of his countrymen, he reiterates fitly applies. To this method there it. Lord Selkirk,' says he, who is can be no reasonable objection ; for, well known, wherever he goes, to as the English and Scotch are super- travel to good purpose, has seen lative in every thing that does honour touch of Ireland ; and on the 5th of to human nature, they need not May, 1810, his lordship remarked to shrink from a contrast with their me that he was struck with the savage neighbours, as the 'Edinburgh extraordinary anxiety of the lower Review' accurately describes the Irish. orders, in every part of Ireland where

But Ireland, perhaps, has not been he had been, to educate their chilmore industriously, misrepresented dren.' Mr. Ensor assures me that by foreigners than by natives ; and education is universal.' In the Mr. Ensor was quite correct in wildest and most unfrequented mounstating that he proposed to defend tains of Kerry Mr. Wakefield found his country not only against enemies, English schools ; and adduces the aubut friends: for to the mistaken pa- thority of an English resident rector, triotism of the latter many of the Mr. Rowley, in confirmation of what falsehoods which have gone abroad he advanced respecting the education are to be attributed. If we were not of the people in those districts. the first, we are certainly among the Schools abounded every where long few, who have endeavoured to prove, before Education Societies by facts, that Ireland is neither the thought of; for the value set wretched nor the ignorant country learning, by the people, is most exgenerally described, and it is with no travagant. They imagine that it small satisfaction that we find our supplies the want of fortune, and opinions, in many points, confirmed other advantages ; and that it always by an authority like Mr. Ensor, ensures to its possessor honour, apwhose patriotism is as undoubted as plause, and riches. This opinion is his talents are conspicuous.

still prevalent, notwithstanding nuThe charges usually made against merous and melancholy proofs of its the Irish people may be comprised falsity.

* A Defence of the Irish, and the Means of their Redemption. By George Ensor, Esq. Scully, Dublin, 1895.

VOL. 1.- No. 3.

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