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With other notes than to the Orphean lyre,
Yet not the more
Thus with the year,
• Drop serene, gulta serena, a disease of the eye, attended wila loss of vision, the organ retaining its natural transparency.
And wisdom, at one entrance, quite shut out. !
HYDER ALI. (Extract from Mr. Burke's Speech on the Nabob of Arcot's Debts.) Among the victims to this magnificent plan of universal plunder, i pursued by the company in India, so worthy of the heroic avarice of the projectors, you have all heard (and he has made himself to be well remembered), of an Indian Chief, called Hyder Ali Khan. | This man possessed the western, as the company under the Nabob of Arcot, | does the eastern division of the Carnatic.* | It was among the leading measures in the design of this cabal | (according to their own emphatic language) | to extir'pate this Hyder Ali. | They declared the Nabob of Arcot to be his sovereign, and himself to be a rebel, I and publicly invested their instrument with the sovereignty of the kingdom of Mysore. | But their victim was not of the passive kind : they were soon obliged to conclude a treaty of peace, and close alliance with this rebel, , at the gates of Madras.
Both before, and since that treaty, every principle of policy | pointed out this power as a nataral alliance; and, on his part, , it was courted by every sort of ami
* “The Carnatic is that portion of southern India which runs along the coast of Coromandel. Its length is 500 miles, and its breadth from 50 to 100, and it belongs to the East India Company. Hyder Ali and the Nabob of Arcot were neighboring princes, but the Nabob held his power from the Company. T'ne Company lent themselves to the Nabob's schemes of ambition, the object of which was (as usual), to enlarge his own dominion at the expense of that of Hyder Ali." • Plant eyes; not plantize.
cable office. | But the cabinet council of English cred. itors / would not suffer their Nabob of Arcot to sign the treaty, nor even to give to a prince', ' at least his equal, I the ordinary titles of respect, and courtesy. I From that time forward, I a continued plot' was carried on within the divan,, black, and white', i of the Nabob of Arcot', \ for the destruction of this Hyder Ali. As to the outward members of the double,, or rather treble government of Madras, / which had signed the treaty, | they were always prevented by some overruling influence' (which they do not describe, / but which cannot be misunderstood) | from performing what justice, and interest | combined so evidently to enforce.
When at length Hyder Ali | found that he had to do with men who either would sign no convention, or whom no treaty, and no signature could bind', / and who were the determined enemies of human intercourse itself, i he decreed to make the country | possessed by these incorrigible, and predestinated criminals, / a memorable example to mankind. | He resolved, in the gloomy recesses of a mind, capacious of such things, to leave the whole Carnatic/ an everlasting monument of vengeance, and to put perpetual desolation, I as a barrier between him, and those | against whom, the faith which holds the moral elements of the world together, I was no protection. |
He became at length | so confident of his force, I and so collected in his might, I that he made no secret whatever of his dreadful resolution. | Having terminated his disputes with every enemy, and every rival, I who buried their mutual animosities in their common interest against the creditors of the Nabob of Arcot, I he drew from every quarter, | whatever a savage ferocity! could add to his new rudiments in the art of destruction; and, compounding all the materials of fu'ry, hav'oc, and desolation, I into one black cloud, he hung for a while on the declivities of the mountains. Whilst the authors of all these evils, / were idly, and stupidly
gazing on this menacing meteor | (which blackened all the horizon), it suddenly burst', and poured down the whole of its contents | upon the plains of the Carnatic.
Then ensued a scene of wo'; | the like of which no eye had seen, nor heart conceived', / and which no tongue can adequately tell. | All the horrors of war, before known, or heard of, / were mercy to that new havoc. | A storm of universal fire', 1 blasted every field', / consumed every house,') and destroyed every tem ple. / The miserable inhabitants, flying from their flaming villages, I in part, were slaugh'tered; others, without regard to sex', to age', to rank', or sacredness of function — fathers torn from their children, husbands, from wives', \ enveloped in a whirlwind of cav'. alry, I and amidst the goading spears of dri'vers, and the trampling of pursuing hor'ses, / were swept into captivity l in an unknown, and hostile land. 1 Those who were able to evade this tempest, | fled to the walled cities; 1 but escaping from fire', sword', and exile, they fell into the jaws of famine. I
For eighteen months', I without intermission, I this destruction raged from the gates of Madras to the gates of Tanjore, ; , and so completely did these mas. ters in their art, | Hyder Ali, and his more ferocious son, I absolve themselves of their impious vow, that, when the British armies traversed, as they did, the Carnatic for hundreds of miles in all directions, through the whole line of their march, I they did not see one man, not one woman', ' not one child, not one fourfooted beast' of any description whatever. , One dead, uniform silence , reigned over the whole region. |
Rayless, and path less; I and the icy earth,
The wild birds shriek’d, 1