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Lago. It's true, good lieutenant.

Cas. For mine own part,—no offence to the general, nor any man of quality,—I hope to be saved.

Lago. And so do I too, lieutenant.

Cas. Ay, but, by your leave, not before me; the lieutenant is to be saved before the ancient. Let's have no more of this ; let's to our affairs.--Forgive us our sins! - Gentlemen, let's look to our business. Do not think, gentlemen, I am drunk; this is my ancient ;—this is my right hand, and this is my left hand :-I am not drunk now; I can stand well enough, and speak well enough.

Ali. Excellent well.

Cas. Why, very well, then: you must not think then that I am drunk.

[Exit. Mon. To the platform, masters; come, let's set the watch.

Lago. You see this fellow, that is gone before; He is a soldier, fit to stand by Cæsar And give direction: and do but see his vice; 'Tis to his virtue a just equinox, The one as long as the other: 'tis pity of him. I fear, the trust Othello puts hint in, On some odd time of his infirmity, Will shake this island. Mon.

But is he often thus ? Lago. 'Tis evermore the prologue to his sleep: He'll watch the horologe a double set If drink rock not his cradle.

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2 He'll watch the HOROLOGE a double set, &c.] If he have no drink, he'll keep awake, while the clock strikes two rounds, or fourand-twenty hours. Chaucer uses the word horologe in more places than one:

“ Well sickerer was his crowing in his loge

“ Than is a clok or any abbey orloge.Johnson. So, Heywood, in his Epigrams on Proverbs, 1562:

“ The divell is in thorologe, the houres to trye,
“ Searche houres by the sunne, the devyl's dyal wyll lye :

Mon.

It were well,
The general were put in mind of it.
Perhaps, he sees it not; or his good nature
Prizes* the virtue that appears in Cassio,
And looks not on his evils; Is not this true ?

Enter RODERIGO.
Iago. How now, Roderigo ?

[Aside. I pray you, after the lieutenant; go.

[Erit RODERIGO. Mon. And 'tis great pity, that the noble Moor Should hazard such a place, as his own second, With one of an ingraft infirmity": It were an honest action, to say So to the Moor. Lago.

Not I, for this fair island : I do love Cassio well ; and would do much To cure him of this evil. But hark! what noise ?

[Cry within,-Help! help!

* Quarto, praises.

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“ The devyl is in thorologe, nowe cheere in bowles,
“ Let the devyl keepe our clockes, while God keepe our

soules.”
Again, in The Devil's Charter, 1607 :

my gracious lord,
“By Sisto's horologe 'tis struck eleven." STEevens.

ingraft infirmity :] An infirmity rooted, settled in his constitution. JOHNSON.

Dr. Johnson's explanation seems to fall short of the poet's meaning. The qualities of a tree are so changed by being engrafted, that its future fruits are not such as would have naturally sprung from the stock, but derive their qualities from the graft inserted into it. Conformably to this idea, is the assertion of Hamlet concerning the same vice in his countrymen :

“They clepe us drunkards," &c. See vol. vii. p. 277. Henley.

Dr. Johnson's explanation is certainly just, though it has been controverted. So, in King Lear: “ then must we look to receive from his age not alone the imperfection of long ingrafted condition, but there-withal," &c. MALONE.

Re-enter Cassio, driving in RODERIGO.
Cas. You rogue! you rascal !
Mon.

What's the matter, lieutenant ?
Cas. Aknave !-teach me my duty !
I'll beat the knave into a twiggen bottle *.

Rod. Beat me!
Cas.
Dost thou prate, rogue ?

[Striking RODERIGO. Mon.

Nay, good lieutenant ;

[Staying him. I pray you, sir, hold your hand. Cas.

Let me go, sir, Or I'll knock you o'er the mazzard. Mon.

Come, come, you're drunk. Cas. Drunk !

[They fight. Lago. Away, I say ! go out, and cry-a mutiny.

Aside to Rod. who goes out. Nay, good lieutenant,--alas, gentlemen,Help, ho !-Lieutenant,-sir,-Montano,-sir; Help, masters Here's a goodly watch, indeed!

[Bell rings. Who's that that rings the bell ?-Diablo, ho ! The town will rise : God's will, lieutenant ! hold; You will be sham'd for ever.

Enter OTHELLO, and Attendants. Отн.

What is the matter here? Mon. 'Zounds, I bleed still, I am hurt to the

death.

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into a twiggen bottle.] A twiggen bottle is a wickered bottle; and so the quarto reads. STEEVENS.

5 - Diablo,] I meet with this exclamation in Marlowe's King Edward II. 1598: Diablo? what passions call you these?”

It is, as Mr. M. Mason observes, a mere contraction of Diavolo, the Italian word for the Devil.

STEEVENS. Zounds, I bleed still, I am hurt to the death.] Thus the quarto 1622. The editor of the folio, thinking it necessary to omit

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Orh. Hold, for your lives.
LAGO. Hold, hold, lieutenant", -sir, Montano,-

gentlemen,Have you forgot all sense of place and dutyø ? Hold, hold! the general speaks to you ; hold, for

shame! Oth. Why, how now, ho! from whence ariseth

this? Are we turn’d Turks; and to ourselves do that, Which heaven hath forbid the Ottomites ? For christian shame, put by this barbarous brawl: He that stirs next to carve forth his own rage”,

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the first word in the line, absurdly supplied its place by adding at the end of the line, He dies.

I had formerly inadvertently said, that the marginal direction, He faints, was found in the quarto 1622 : but this was a mistake. It was inserted in a quarto of no value or authority, printed in 1630. MALONE.

- I am hurt to the death ;-he dies.Montano thinks he is mortally wounded, yet by these words he seems determined to continue the duel, and to kill his antagonist Cassio. So, when Roderigo runs at Cassio in the fifth Act, he

says, Villain, thou diest.” Tollet.

He dies, i. e. he shall die. He may be supposed to say this as he is offering to renew the fight. Thus likewise Othello himself, in his very next speech :

he dies upon his motion.” I do not therefore regard these words, when uttered by Montano, as an absurd addition in the first folio. STEEVENS.

? Hold, hold, LIEUTENANT,] Thus the original quarto.' The folio reads-Hold ho, lieutenant. Malone.

all sense of place and duty?] So Sir Thomas Hanmer. The rest :

all place of sense and duty ?” Johnson. to carve for his own rage,] Thus the folio 1623. The quarto 1622 has forth ; which, I apprehend to be little better than nonsense.

To “carve forth," &c. can only signify-to “cut or portion out his resentment;" whereas, the phrase I have placed in the text, affords the obvious and appropriate meaning—to supply food or gratification for his own anger.

The same phrase occurs in Hamlet :

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Holds his soul light; he dies upon his motion.-
Silence that dreadful bell', it frights the isle
From her propriety?.-What is the matter, mas-

ters? Honest Iago, that look'st dead with grieving, Speak, who began this ? on thy love, I charge thee.

Iago. I do not know;- friends all but now, even

now,

In quarter", and in terms like bride and groom

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He may not, as unvalued persons do,

“ Carve for himself.” STEEVENS. Şilence that dreadful bell,] It was a common practice formerly, when any great affray happened in a town, to ring the alarum bell. When David Rizzio was murdered at Edinburgh, the Provost ordered the common bell to be rung, and five hundred persons were immediately assembled. See Saunderson's History of Queen Mary, p. 41.

So, in Peacham's Valley of Varietie, where he is speaking of the use of bells, they call for helpe when houses in cities and townes are on fire; or when there is any mutinie or uproare.”

MALONE. At Paris the Tocsin is still rung as often as fires or disturbances break out. STEEVENS.

it frights the isle From her PROPRIETY.] From her regular and proper state.

Johnson 3 In quarter,] In their quarters ; at their lodging. Johnson “ In quarter." i. e. on our station. Su, in Timon of Athens :

to atone your fears
“ With my more noble meaning, not a man

“ Shall pass his quarter." Their station or quarter in the present instance, was the guardroom in Othello's castle. In Cymbeline we have" their quara ter'd fires," i.e. their fires regularly disposed.

In quarter Dr. Johnson supposed to mean, at their lodgings ; but that cannot be the meaning, for Montano and the Gentlemen who accompanied him, had continued, from the time of their entrance, in the apartment of Othello's castle, in which the carousal had been ; and Cassio had only gone forth for a short time to the platform, to set the watch. On his return from the platform into the apartment, in which he left Montano and lago, he meets Roderigo; and the scuffle, first between Cassio and Roderigo, and then between Montano and Cassio, ensues. MALONE.

Rather at peace, quiet. They had been on that very spot (the

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