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tary and countersigned by their president, that the money is due and payable to the prinespal of the Normal School, or his assistants, or the teachers or officers employed, or to the members of the board, or the board of visitors, as herein authorized, or for necessary incidental expenses in the support or maintenance of said school or some of its departments.

Sec. 17. Said funds shall be under the direction and control of the board of education, subject to the provisions herein contained. The treasurer of said board shall pay out of the proper find all orders or drafts for moneys to be expended under the provisions of this act. Such orders or drafts to be drawn by the Auditor General on certificates of the secretary, countersigned by the president of the board. No such certificates shall be given except upen acer-unts audited and allowed by the board at a regular meeting.

Sec. 18. The services and all necessary traveling and other expenses alreally or hereafter to be incurred by any member of the board of education, or the board of visitors, shall be paid on the proper certificate out of any funds belonging to said institution in the hands of the treasurer, until the erection and completion of the necessary buildings. The principal, assistants, teachers and other officers employed in said school, shall be paid out of the Normal school interest fund, and from receipts for tuition; and the services and expenses of the board of education, after the erection of the necessary buildings, and other expenses incident to said institution, shall be paid for out of the Normal school interest fund, in the same manner, as near as may be, as is required in regard to moneys drawn for the payınent of the principal or other teachers. The members of the board of education and the visitors shall be entitled to two dollars per day for their actual services, and to their necessary traveling and other expen

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SEC. 19. For the purpose of rendering more efficient their organization and to enable them the more fully to carry into effect the provisions herein contained, the members of the board of education now holding their offices under the provisions of "an act to establish a State Normal school," approved March 28th, 1849, and their successors in office, are hereby constituted a body politic and corporate, by the name of “the board of education," for the purposes herein contemplated, and subject to such modifications as may be made thereto, and in that name shall have perpetual succession, and shall be and they are hereby empowered to purchase, hare, hold, possess and enjoy to themselves and their successors, lands, tenements, hereditaments, goods, chattels and effects of every kind, and the same to grant, alien, sell, invest and dispose of, to sue and be sued, plead, and be impleaded in all courts in this state, to have and to use a common seal, and the same to change, alter and renew at pleasure, and to make such by-laws and regulations as they may deem proper for the well ordering and government of said eorporation and the transaction of its business: Provided, The same be not repugnant to the constitution or laws of this state or of the United States.

SEC. 20. Said corporation shall be subject to the provisions of chapter fifty-five of the revised statutes of 1846, so far as the same can apply, and are not inconsistent with the provis. ions of this act. They shall have power to transact all necessary business at any meeting, a quorum being present; and meetings may be called in such manner as their by-laws may provide; and a quorum shall consist of a majority of the members. The first meeting under this act may be held at such time and place as may be directed by the secretary, and no publication of notice thereof shall be necessary; and the attendance of a quorum shall render valid the proceedings of such meeting. All process against said corporation shall be served on the president or secretary thereof.

Bec. 21. Sections four, fifteen and sixteen of “un act to establish a State Normal school, approved March 28th, 1819, and all of the provisions said at «nd the act supplementary thereto, which are inconsistent with the provisions of this act, a 2 hereby repealed.

Dec. 22. This act shull take effect and be in force from an i after its passage, and the Legisla. ture may at any time alter, amend or repeal the same by u vote of two-thirds of the members present in exch house.

Approved March 25, 1850.

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[ No. 180.) AN ACT to amend an act to consolidate and amend the laws relative

to the establishment of a State Normal School, approved March 25th, 1850. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatioes of the State of Michigan, That an act to consolidate and amend the laws relative to the establishment of a State Normal School, approved March twenty-fifth, eighteen hundred and fifty, be amended by striking out in section four of said act, the words "both branches of the Legislature," and by inserting in heu thereof, the words “the Senate and House of Representatives in joint convention."

Sec. 2. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
Approved March 29, 1860.

LAWS RELATING TO THE FREE SCHOOLS OF DETROIT..

[ No. 70. ] AN ACT relative to Free Schools in the City of Detroit. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatioes of the State of Michigan, That the City of Detroit shall be considered as one school district, and hereafter all schools organized therein, in pursuance of this act, shall, under the direction and regulations of the board of education, be public and free to all children residing within the limits thereof, between the ages of five and seventeen years, inclusive.

Sec. 2. In lieu of the school inspectors now required to be elected in said city, there shall be twelve school inspectors, to be elected in the manner following: At the next annual charter election, there shall be elected in each wurd of said city, two school inspectors, one of whom shall hold his office for two years, and the other for one year; and at every annual election thereafter, there shall be elected in each ward, one school inspector, who shall hold his office for two years. No school inspector shall be entitled to receivo any compensation for his sér. vices.

Sec. 3. In case of a vacancy in the office of school inspector, the conuinon council of the city of Detroit may fill the same, until the next annual election, when, if such vacancy happen in the first year of the term of said office, the electors of the proper ward may choose a suitable person to fill the remainder of such term: Provided, The city clerk shall give notice of such vacancy prior to such e lection, as may be required in other cases.

SEC. 4. Every person elected to the office of school inspector, who, without sufficient cause, shall neglect or refuse to serve, shall forfeit to the board of education, for the use of the library, the sum of ten dollars, to be recovered in an action of debt in some competent court: Provided, No person shall be compelled to serve two terms successively, and the snid board shall make all necessary rules and regulations relative to its proceedings, and punish by fine, not exceeding five dollars for each offence of any meinber of the board who may, without sufficient cause, absent himself from any meeting thereof, to be collected as they may direct.

Sexc. 5. The school inspectors, together with the mayor and recorder of said city, (who are declared to be ex-officio school inspectors,) shall be a body corporate, by the name and style of “The Beard of Education of the City of Detroit;" and in that name, may be capable of suing and being sued, and of holding or selling and conveying read and personal property, as the interest of suid common schools may require; and shall also succeed to, and be entitled to demand, all moneys and other rights belonging to, or in possession of, the board of schools inspectors, or any ineinber thereof, or of any school district board, or any member thereof, or any real and personal property or other rights of any such district in said city, and the clear proceeds of all such property which may come into the possession of said board, as last aforesaid, shall be accounted for and distributed among the several persons of whoin the same may have been collected, in such manner as the said board may deem just and proper. 1: Sec 6. The board of education, (eight members whereof may form a quorum,) may meet from time to time at such place in said city as they may designate: the mayor shall be president of the board, and shall preside at all meetings thereof; but in case of his absence, or the absence of the recorder, a majority of the inspectors present at any meeting, may choose one of their number president pro tempore.

Sec 7. The clerk of said city shall be ez-officio clerk of said board, and shall perform such duties as the board of education may reasonably require. lu case of the absence of said clerk, or for any other cause, the board may choose some suitable person to perform his duties, either as principal or deputy clerk.

Sec. 8. The recorder of said city shall be entitled to a seat at the meeting of said board, for the purpose of deliberation, and of acting on committees, but shall have no vote therein, except when the mayor shall be absent, in which case he shall act as president.

Sec. 9. The board of education shall have full power and authority, and it shall be their duty, to purchase such school houses, and apply for and receive from the county treasarer or other officer, al moneys appropriated for the primary schools and district library of said city, and designate a plue where the library may be kept therein. The said board shall also have full power and authority to make by-laws and ordinances relative to taking the census of all children in said city between the ages of five and seventeen years; relative to making all necessary reports and transmitting the same to the proper officers, as designated by law, so that said city may be entitled to its proportion of the primary school fund; relative to visitation of schools; relative to the length of time schools shall be kept, which shall not be less than three months in ach year; relative to the employment and examination of teachers, their powers and duties; relative to regulation of schools and the books to be used therein; relative to the appointment of necessary officers, and prescribe their powers and duties; relative to any thing whatever that may advance the interest of education, the good government and prosperity of commou schools in said city, and the welfure of the public concerning the

same.

Sec. 10. The mayor's court shall have jurisdiction of all suits wherein said board may be a party, and of all prosecutions for violation of said by-laws and ordinances.

Sec. 11. The said board shall annually, in the inonth of February, publish in some newspaper of the city, a statement of the number of schools in said city; the number of pupils in. structed therein the year preceding; the several branches of education pursued by them, and the expenditures for all things authorized by this act, during the preceding year.

Sec. 12. The board of education shall establish a district library, and for the increase of the same, the common council are authorized annually to lay a tax on the real and personal property within said city, of a sum not exceeding two hundred dollars, which tax shall be levied and collected in the same manner as the moneys raised to defray the general expenses of said city.

Sec. 13. The common council of said city are hereby authorized, once in each year, to assess and levy a tax on all the real and personal property within suid city, according to the city assessment roll of that year, which shall not exceed one dollar for every child in said city between the ages of five and seventeen years; the number of children to be ascertained by the last report on that subject, on file in the office of the clerk of the county of Wayne, or in the office of the clerk of said board of education, and certified by the president (thereof, and the said tax shall be collected in the same manner as the moneys raised to defray the general expenses of said city; all such moneys shall be disbursed and expended by the authority of said board for the support and maintainance of said schools, and for no other purpose whatever.

Sec. 14. The treasurer of said city shall be the treasurer of said board, unless otherwise directed by said board; he shall keep all moneys belonging to said schools separate from the moneys belonging to the corporation of said city; and he shall not pay out or expend the school moneys, without the authority of the said board.

Sec. 15. The collector of said city, when he shall have paid any school moneys to said treasurer or other person, shall take a receipt therefor, and file the same with the clerk of said board; and it shall be the further duty of the collector, when he shall have made his final return concerning the collection of said tax, to make a report to said board, stating the whole amount of school tax, the amount collected, and the amount returned by him to the common council as unpaid or uncollected.

Sec. 16. The collector and treasurer shall, before they enter on their duties under this act, enter into such bonds to said board, and with such sureties as may be deemed necessary, conditioned for the faithful discharge of their duties respectively, under this act."

Sec. 17. All parts of acts, so far as they relate to the city of Detroit, inconsistent with this act, are hereby repealed; and it shall not be necessary to elect any school district officers in said city, as heretofore required by law.

Sec. 18. This act shall take effect from and after its passage.
Approved February 17, 1842.

[ No. 20. ] AN ACT to amend an act entitled “an act relative to free schools

in the city of Detroit.” SECTION 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, That all taxes which have been, or may hereafter be assessed and levied by the common council of the city of Detroit, under and by virtue of the authority conferred on said common council by the thirteenth section of an act, entitled "an act relative to free schools in the city of Detroit," shall be set forth in the assessment roll of said city, in a separate column, apart, and distinguished from all other city taxes; and that the collector of said city, shall collect, and is hereby authorized and required to collect said taxes in money, and said collector shall not be required or permitted to receive in payment of said taxes, any liabilities or evidences of debt against said city.

Sec. 2. That all the fifth section of said act after the words "as the last aforesaid,” in the thirteenth line of said section, be stricken out, and the following be inserted in its place: “shall be expended and disbursed by and under the authority of said board of education, for the support of the said schools, after paying all just and legal demands existing agninst the several school districts heretofore existing in said city: Provided, That said board shall not be liable to pay an aggregate amount of indebtedness against any one district, greater than the amount received from the same by said board."

Approved February 13, 1843.

[ No. 87. ] AN ACT to amend an act entitled "an act relative to Free Schools

in the city of Detroit,” approved February seventeenth, eighteen hundred and forty-two. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, That the collectors of the city of Detroit, elected in the different wards of said city, shall act as collectors of the school tax assessed and levied in said city in their respective wards, under

and by virtue of the provisions of the act to which this act is amendatory; and that each of said collectors previous to his entering upon his duties, shall, in addition to the bond now re. quired by law, make and execute to the board of education of said city of Detroit, a bond with two good and sufficient sureties to be by them approved, in the penal sum directed by said board, conditioned for the faithful performance of his duties as such collector; and that in case of neglect or refusal of any one of said collectors to execute and obtain such bond according to the provisions of this section, he be subject to a penalty of one hundred dollars, to be collected in an action of debt, which may be brought in any court in this State at the suit and in the name of the said board of education of the city of Detroit.

Sec. 2. The board of education of the city of Detroit may elect one of their own number president of the board, who shall perform all the duties and be vested with all the powers conferred by the act to which this act is amendatory, upon the mayor and recorder of said city of Detro, or citlicr of them; and all the prorisions of the act to which this act is amendatory, providing that the mayor or recorder of suid city shall be president of suid board, are hereby cepealed. The term of othce and time and mode of election of said president to be prescribed by said board.

Sec. 3. Six members of the board shall constitute a quorum for the transaction of busi

Deng.

Sec. 4. This act shall take effect and be in force from and after its passage.
Approved April 28, 1846.

[ No. 40. ] AN ACT to amend an act entitled "an act relative to free schools

in the city of Detroit,” approved February seventeenth, one

thousand eight hundred and forty-two. Section 1. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Michigan, That in addition to the taxes mentioned in the act to which this act is amendatory, the conmon council of the city of Detroit is hereby authorized and empowered to levy and collect a tax not exceeding fifteen hundred dollars in any one year, to be expended in the purchase of lots in said city for the use of the public schools thereof, and in the erection and building a school house or school houses, with the necessary out buildings and fixtures, on any lot or lots which may be so purchased, or any other lots now owned by the board of education of said city, or which the said board may hereafter acquire: Prorided, That said tax, when so levied and collected, shall be paid to the treasurer of said board of education, and be vested in said board, to and for the purpose herein before stated, and no other, and also that the title to such tots purchased shall also be vested in said board for the purposes aforesaid.

Sec. 2. Said tax shall not be levied or collected, unless, at a meeting of the freemen of said city, called for such purpose as hereinafter provided, a majority of the treemen present shall 26sent to the same.

Sec. 3. It shall be the duty of the mayor, or recorder, in case of the absence of the mayor, or a vacancy in his office, to call such a meeting of the freemen of said city, for the purpose of giving their assent or dissent to such tax, when it shall be requested by petition signed by twenty-four freemen of said city; which call shall particularly express the object of such meeting, and shall be published in two of the daily newspapers, published in said city of Detroit, one week previous to such meeting: Provided, That the mayor may call such meeting opon the notice herein mentioned, without such petition at his own option.

Sec. 4. If the said mayor or recorder shall refuse to call such meeting upon the presentation to either of them of such petition, or shall neglect to do so for three days after the presenta

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