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obstructions to, on navigable waters, 739.
regulating speed of, 734, 741.
(See JURY TRIAL.)
evidence required to convict of, 385.
of the United States, to be the supreme law, 14.
States forbidden to enter into, 19.
laws against, 773.
of right to property, 459.
must be speedy, 382.
(See CRIMES; JURY TRIAL.)
the legislative not to be delegated, 141, 249.
special statutes authorizing sales by, constitutional, 118–129.
municipal corporations as, 231, 339, n.
as a defence in libel cases, 530, 549, 577.
necessity of showing good motives for publication of, 577.
exercise of eminent domain for, 664, 665.
change of, to common highways, 683, n.
punishment of same act under State and national law, 24.
what constitutes, 171.
contracts of municipal corporations which are, 237, 258, 259, 267, n.
required in jury trials, 396.
definition of the term, 4.
(See Courts; STATUTES.)
UNEQUAL AND PARTIAL LEGISLATION,
special laws of a remedial nature, 488.
discrimination against citizens of other States, 20, 497.
in construction of constitutions, 67.
of the Colonies before the Revolution, 6.
division of powers between the States and Union, 2.
consent of, to formation of State constitutions, 38.
no vested right in, 461.
in constitutions, must be enforced, 87.
(See PARTIAL LEGISLATION.)
(See ILLEGAL CONTRACTS.)
restraining from running at large, 748.
not to be required, 380.
are void, 243.
(See SEARCHES AND SEIZURES.)
prohibiting sale of, 748.
USAGE AND CUSTOM,
(See Common Law.)
right to defence of, may be taken away by legislature retrospectively, 468.
in office filling, 79, n.
(See RETROSPECTIVE LEGISLATION.)
(See EMINENT DOMAIN.) :
in criminal cases, 393, n., 395.
change of, 393, n., 396, n.
jury not to be controlled by judge in giving, 396.
but cannot be compelled to do so, 398.
or if indictment fatally defective, 405.
cannot be received from less than twelve jurors, 395.
revenue bills to originate in lower house, 160, n.
privilege of legislators in debate, 556, n.
not conferred by charters of municipal incorporation, 233.
VESTED RIGHTS, - continued.
in legal remedies, parties do not have, 448, 449.
or of defence of usury, 468.
(See MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS.)
in England, 362–365.
when publisher of newspaper not liable to, 469.
(See OBLIGATION OF CONTRACTS.)
repeal of acts of Parliament in, 34, n.
excluded from suffrage in, 753.
in military service, municipal bounties to, 274–281.
franchise of, cannot be made to depend on impossible condition, 451, n.
upon elections, are illegal, 774.
WAIVER, - continued.
of irregularities in judicial proceedings, 511.
763. WAR AND PEACE,
power of Revolutionary Congress over, 7.
control of questions concerning, by Congress, 12. WARD,
control of guardian over, 421.
special statutes for sale of lands of, 118–129. WAREHOUSEMEN,
regulation of charges of, 742–746. WARRANTS,
general, their illegality, 368–372.
(See UNREASONABLE SEARCHES AND SEIZURES.) WATER RIGHTS,
right to front on navigable water is property, 680.
(See NaviGABLE WATERS; WATER-COURSES.) WATER-COURSES,
navigable, and rights therein, 735–741.
(See NavigaBLE WATERS; Water Rights.) WAYS,
(See HIGHWAYS; PRIVATE ROADS; ROADS; STREETS.) WEIGHTS AND MEASURES,
Congress may fix standard of, 11.
regulation of, by the States, 749. WEST VIRGINIA,
special statutes licensing sale of lands forbidden, 119, n.
exclusions from suffrage in, 753. WHARFAGE,
right to, is property, 680.