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Coordination between higher education and public education to strengthen the quality of education at all levels in the South remains the thrust of the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) effort. Under the leadership of former Task Force chairman and newly elected Florida Congressman, Buddy McKay, the Task Force conducted six months of meetings from January to June of 1981 among southern state policymakers, business and education leaders. From these meetings, 25 recommendations focusing on proposals for joint action by these leaders were embodied in what has become a key resource document, "The Need for Quality Report," published in June 1981. Recommendations range from proposals to strengthen college higher education admission standards, to approaches for relieving the mathematics and science teacher shortage, to suggestions for reciprocal agreements between states in such areas as teacher testing and certification. SREB has been involved in a continual effort since the publication of the report to work with the southern states to document what each has done in relationship to these 25 recommendations. A final report, scheduled for publication in April 1983, will summarize specific actions SREB states have taken in these recommended areas and highlight those areas in which the Task Force believes further attention should be placed. SREB has recently published two information flyers, one focusing on the issue of variable pay and other rewards for teachers, and the second, highlighting activities underway in the region on raising requirements for high school graduation and college admission. A new publication entitled, "Preparation Programs and Certification Standards for Science and Mathematics Teachers," in the SREB states will be available in early March 1983. Work encompasses an analysis of certification requirements for mathematics and science in each southern state, the shortages faced by the state in these subject areas, and an outline of some of the approaches states in the region are taking to deal with the problem.

The following states are included in the SREB membership: Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia and West Virginia.

rev. 2/24/83


Western Technical Manpower Council

Co-Chairmen: The Honorable Victor G. Atiyeh, Governor of Oregon

John Young, President and CEO, Hewlett-Packard
Principal Staff: Phillip Sirotkin, Executive Director

Holly Zanville, Director of Economic Development
P.0. Drawer P, Boulder, Colorado 80302 (303) 497-0232


The Western Interstate Commission on Higher Education (WICHE) is involved in an extensive two-year regional effort involving governors, state legislative leaders, presidents and chancellors of major universities and industrial and business leaders across the west to focus in on the education and manpower for the high technology industries critical to the western states in the 1980's. Funded by six separate foundations and corporations, the Council met for the first time in June 1982. Work encompasses four basic thrusts:

• State Profiles. Data collected in the Spring of 1982 and currently being updated, provides a snapshot of the supply and demand picture for high technology manpower in each western state. Information includes general statistics on the state's economy, the number of students enrolled in these courses and examples of state higher education and industry initiatives in high technology. Staff has already completed completed a document providing an overview of national and regional issues in high-technology manpower.

• Strategies for Action Report. This report catalogs 34 strategies divided into 9 chapter headings, one of which focuses on elementary and secondary education. Recommendations focus on leadership responsibilities for the following sectors: elementary/secondary, postsecondary, regional professionals, industry, state and federal government. Examples of where in the nation and the West these strategies are underway is also included.

• State Meetings. Plans are to conduct state meetings in conjunction with the legislative sessions in each western state between January and June of 1983 with a goal of each state developing its own plan in the high-technology area. It is expected that 150 state policymakers, industry and university leaders will participate. The updated state profiles, the Strategies for Action report and a regional high-technology fact book will be used as the basis for identifying what state actions should be taken for determining who should be responsible for implementation.

• Interstate Activities. Plans are underway to initiate interstate projects that address high-technology manpower issues of high priority to states in the region.

WICHE is a nonprofit regional organization designed to help its 13 member states to work together to provide high-quality, cost-effective programs to meet the education and manpower needs of the West. Member states are: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Hawaii, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, Washington and Wyoming.

rev. 2/24/83

New tou k Times 3/20/13
South Pressing for Wide Changes

To Upgrade Education Standards


Special to The No Yona MIAMI, March 19 - Sweeping Gov. Lamar Alexander of Tennessee changes in education policy are being and Governor Graham of Florida are pursued throughout the south by a bow traveling their states in behalf of growing number of political leaders ambitious education proposals they who assert that the ability of their have put forth in recent weeks. Gover. states to attract growth industries nor Alexander's four-year plan would hinges increasingly on the educational require $1 billion in additional revedepth of the work force.

nues, which would be raised through a - This year voters in Mississippi, the penny increase in the state sales tax, a nation's poorest state, approved sub premium tax on insurance companies stantive changes in the State Constitu- and a video arcade tax. tion. The vote cleared the way for legis Governor Graham's $1.5 billion, twolative action making it mandatory that year package would require a property children attend school, establishing a tax increase of $1 on each $1,000 of asstate kindergarten program and raising sessed property value. That is one reveteachers' pay 10 percent. The changes aue-raising proposal offered to finance will require Mississippi to raise more the package. Leaders of Legislature than $100 million in tax revenue.

have said education will get priority in Florida, the South's fastest-growing their forthcoming session. state, is expected to adopt its first set of

Echoing several Southern governors, minimum requirements for graduation Governor Graham said, “In order for trom high school, a part of several

us to be competitive, we have to be able plans being pursued by leading state to guarantee businesses and their emlawmakers and Gov. Bob Graham. Ala ployees' children that they will be able bama and Kentucky have began an in- to attend a public school that is comnovative low-interest program of finan. petitive with the best in America." cial aid for college students under which part of a loan would be forgiven if

Seeking Higher Teacber Pay the student became a teacher in a pub In Texas, where plunging revenue is lic school. In Texas and Virginia, teach- forcing cutbacks in state spending. ers of mathematics and science are Gov. Mark White is pushing lawmakers paid bonuses.

to approve a 24 percent pay increase for Graduation Requirements

teachers over the next two years. The

Legislature is calling for an increase of The Atlanta-based Southern Regional

at least 18 percent. The Governor and Education Board says that nine of its 14

legislators say better pay is essential to member states are increasing or con- attract top college graduates to the sidering increasing their high school teaching profession and keep good graduation requirements, requiring teachers in it. more credits in such basic studies as

Noting the recent wave o education mathematics, science, history and Eng- reforms in the South, Russell Vlaanderlish and reducing the number of elec- en, coordinator of information cleadngtives students can choose, like art, house services for the Denver-based drama and speech.

Education Commission of the States, Also, Dearly a third of the member said: "The South has at least said that states have raised their college admis- in order to compete economically they sion standards in the past year. Half the are going to have to beef up their educastates in the region are considering tion systems. I think that as a region adopting the low-interest loan program they are trying to move forward." that provides for partial forgiveness of He noted that several years ago the the debt in exchange for service.

Southern states began what became a "I doubt that there is another region national movement to improve teachin the nation that is pursuing quality im ers' competency by developing knowlprovement in education as is the edge and skills tests for teachers as a South," said Mark D. Musick, the state prerequisite for a teaching certificate. services officer of the Southern Re- The South had historically lagged in gional Education Board. "For better or educational support

and student worse, we're getting people who are achievement, although dramatic gains tending to take action rather than study were made in the past 30 years, accord. things to death."

ing to numerous studies on Southern Loterstate Board Dates to 1945 education. The education board, founded in 1949

A study of Federal Census data by the

Southem Growth Policies Board, an inas as interstate compact of Southem states and states bordering the South,

terstate compact of governors of 12 completed a special report in 1981, “The

Deep South states, showed that from Need for Quality," that has been a blue

1870 to 1980 the percentage of high print for some changes emerging today.

school graduates in the board's memBob E. Childers, executive director of

ber states rose by 35.5 percent, to 59.2 the Soutbera Association of Colleges

percent of all people 25 years old and and Schools, also based in Atlanta, says

older. The figure for the nation was 66.3 be sees emphasis extending beyond at

percent, and 68.6 percent for states outtendance to encompass student per

side the South, that study reported. formance.

The policies board also found that exOfficials of both organizations said

penditures per pupil in public elementhe initiative for change appeared to be

tary and secondary schools in its memcoming from governors and legislators.

ber states rose to $1,546 a year in 1980 In the past, the officials said, such

from $602 in 1970 but continued to lag impetus was almost exclusively from

behind the national figures of $2,021 in school boards, school systems' adminis

1980 as against $816 in 1970. The level of trators or college officials.

spending for non-Southern states was

$2,124 in 1980 and $827 in 1970. Gov. Winter Lad Campaign

There is concern that the gaps be The changes in Mississippi were tween the South and the rest of the counchampioned by Gov. William Winter try could remain wide. "Although some and his wife, Elise. They spent most of of the rich states are getting poor, last year stumping the state for the con Southern states are poor states, with stitutional changes that were approved poor tax bases, and they can't spend as by the voters last November. Gov. much per kid," said Mr. Vlaanderen of James B. Hunt Jr. is given considerable the Education Commission of the

credit in North Carolina for leading the States. | move for education reforms in his state.

21-390 O



Denis P. Doyle

Wackington Post


Playing Politics
With Math and Science

As Congress was busily marking up a major math-science bill, 40 of the nation's brightest and most energetic high school seniors were assembled at the other end of town to be honored as finalists in the 42nd annual Westinghouse Science Talent Search.

An inoonynkus par of events: the stu. dents, proud, happy and distinguished; Con gress earnestly logrolling, giving this to that



Half-baked science and math classes do more harm than good; it is better not to offer them at all.

interest group and that to this interest group as it proposes to spend more than a quarter of a billion dollars to improve math and science instruction in the US. Distributed us Con. gress envisions it, it will be more of the same. some teacher training and summer institutes. It is a plan to detribute federal money an inch deep and a mile wide: $300 million is about $6 per school-age child.

Spending money this way certainly supported by ample precedent: keep the interest groups happy by giving a little to everyone. But it makes no sense as a mathscience program. It will not improve teaching or learning to any appreciable degree.

What will improve math-science instruction was amply demonstrated at the Westinghouse Awards ceremony: a genuine commitment to excellence, high intelligence, very hard work, and a reward structure that recognizes these things. In fact, to discover how one improves math and science teaching and learning, simply look to those who do it well already. The Westing. house award winners, a remarkable group of students, reveal a good deal

of the 40 finalists, 10 were awarded substantial scholarships. Of these 10, eight were from New York; four were Asian American, one black, one His. panic, four white; five were young men, five young women

The grand prize winner, Paul Ning, is a 16-year-old Taiwan-born student at the Bronx High School of Science. His comments speak volumes"I'd fin. ish my homework in half an hour and then go into this. I often worked into the wee hours." Among the Westinghouse "alumni," five have won Nobel prizes. The se. cret of their success is not just innate brilliance, though that

was amply represented; it was discipline, of labor and compensation for performance, hard work, and access to real mathemati there is no mystery. It is important to cians and scientists. The chairman of the remember that there is no shortage of judging panel, Dr. David Axelroxi, says that mathematicians and scientists: the "teacher "many of these students have sught con- shortage" is the problem. There is no tact with scientists, who have given of their teacher shortage either, simply a serious im

balance in supply and demand. These students-and the remaining 30 The "equality call teachers" solution of who did out win majur prices are the proxid

. fered by the NEA condemns us to the conuct of schools and families that care about tinuing equality of mediocrity. If the recent math and science; and their teachers know congressional pay raise is any example, one their subjects and know how to teach. Even might assume that Congress believes you get more important, the 40 in Washington Were what you pay for. But unfortunately, the just the visible ones: more than 13,000 stu. modern Congress is not likely to endorse dents entered the competition. What does higher pay for qualified math and science this.mean for the nation as it worries about teachers because of the political muscle of the math-science "crisis"?

the NEA The single most important thing that The spectacle of congressional activity in could be done to improve science and math instruction is a simple, direct and easily understood structural change: imaxe the discipline of the market on teachers' slaries. Increase the pay of guxl math and science teachers. The issue is not just more money, it is how that money is spent.

l'hree elements are involved. First, rational criteria for math and science teacher licensing must be established. For example, teachers of high school mathematics should hold a bachelor's degree in mathematics from an acceptable institution or pass a stilt examination; they do not need a raft of education courses. On the contrary, they should be spared education courses, just as university math and science teachers are.

this area is enough to make one long for the Second, offer science and math courses gond old days, when logrolling was a class only is qualified teachers are in the class. act and not a inatter of scattering crumbs to tom (internists don't do the work of sur. special interest groups. Once upon a time geons; equally, there is no rational reason to powerful committee chairmen kept the rereassign kindergarten teachers to calculus

wards for theinselves and their constituents. courses unless they can pass a math exami

(Remember Mendel Rivers and the amount nation),

spent for military installations in his disThird, pay the salary required to attract trict? When you get right down to it, it qualified teachers. And if the school district

makes as much sense as any other way to can't or won't pay the going wage for mathe

distribute the largess.) maticians and scientists, no axurses

In the care of science and mathematics, should be offered Half-baked science

we might all be better off if Carl Perkins und math cluses to more harm than

would simply target most of the funds for good; it is better rut to offer them at all his congressional district A few hundred The National Education Association

million dollars for math and science in eastis horrified by salary differentials, as.

ern Kentucky has a certain appeal to it; and serting that math and science are no

it could make quite an impact

. With that more important than anything else,

kind of money, Perkins and the various that all teachers of equivalent experi

school officials of his district could afford to ence should be paid the sime. Now, it

hire 50 or 100 of the past Westinghouse sciis true that math and science are in

ence winners at competitive salaries and trinsically no more important than

turn part of Appalachia into a math-science English literature or latin. Most of us lighthouse for the nation. assume that in the eyes of God, an

It couldn't happen to a more deserving English teacher is the moral equal of part of the country, and paying good teach10, the math teacher. But that is not the

ers what they deserve has a better chance of issue. the question is how to raise

sticcess than do the bills before Congress, standards, impruve performance and get math and science teachers back

The writer is director of education into the classroxun.

policy stiulies ut the American Enter. In a society that believes in division prise Institute.

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Senator PELL. I apologize on behalf of the committee for the hastiness with which this hearing may seem to be accompanied, but we are under some pressures here. For example, I was down here on the Hill for a church breakfast. I spent an hour and a quarter with the President at the White House on San Salvador. We then floor-managed a bill on the floor. There is an executive meeting of another committee going on and we have had this hearing going on.

So, you can see we are not doing our job very efficiently, but we are doing it the best we can. We will submit some questions to you in writing. The record will be kept open for a month, at least. I would like to stay and ask them myself now, but I am a host to a luncheon that started 20 minutes ago to nine people from my State. I hope that none of you will have to operate under those pressures.

I wish you well, and the hearing is recessed until 10 a.m. tomorrow.

[Whereupon, at 12:34 p.m., the subcommittee was adjourned.]

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