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Finally, a group of lay leaders and educators from all parts of the state

will convene the first Congress on Education in Indiana on June 7, 1983. It

is expected that 500 or so people, each a leader

in his or her own region of

the state, will meet to plan an educational Agenda for the remainder of the


The Congress has the full support of the private sector and the

various professional associations representing teachers, school boards,

school administrators and others.

Indiana citizens realize that the long-term

economic health of their state rests upon the strength of the educational

system, and they have initiated a series of steps that will produce results.

More concretely, here are a few things that have been achieved to date

as a result of the Commission, the state-wide conference on science and

mathematics, and other forms of collaboration.

The Department of Public Instruction has proposed the first major

changes in high school graduation requirements in 50 years.


changes include raising the mumber of total.credits needed from

32 to 38, doubling the number of required mathematics and science

courses from one year each to two years each, and adding a computer

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competency requirement.

The General Assembly is currently considering and is expected to

approve legislation that:

will provide forgiveable loans to people electing to enter

teaching fields where there are "critical shortages." At the

present time this is mainly mathematics and science;

will provide fellowships for currently certified teachers in

other subject fields who wish to return to college to take

courses leading to math and/or science teaching certification.

will provide tax incentives for businesses that employ math

and science teachers during the summer months;

will enable school systems to purchase computer hardware and


Will establish a state-wide clearinghouse of information on

instructional uses of computer hardware and software;

will equip and staff 10 training sites throughout the state where

elementary and secondary school teachers can receive training in

the instructional use of microcomputers. Funds will make it

possible for 10,000 teachers to receive training during the

next two years.

The Lilly Endowment has established a program of "linkage" grants

that encourage university-school cooperation according to problems

confronting schools. Many of the projects will deal with efforts to

improve instruction in mathematics and science and the use of


The Indianapolis Public Schools, the Indianapolis Chamber of


and local businesses and industries have established a

"partners" program that brings working scientists and engineers into close collaboration with the schools, including donations of

time in which skilled engineers and technicians provide classroom

instruction without cost to the school system.

Indiana University has recently established the Office of School

Programs that is engaged in a wide range of activities designed to

link the University more closely to schools throughout the state.

Behind these very specific actions lies & spirit of cooperation linking

state and local government, the professional associations, and the business

community in ways not typical of the past. There 18 & growing awareness that

the economic/social health of the state is bound up with the quality of

education provided Indiana youth. All have a stake in helping it improve.

If Indiana is typical of other states, then Congress should pay careful

attention to what is already underway so as to make the best use of Federal

resources and to avoid duplication and redundancy. With so few finds available,

it is important that state and Federal efforts complement each other.

The Appropriate Federal Legislative Response

In the Wited States public education is generally understood to be

primarily a responsibility for state and local governments. Nevertheless, some

educational issues are matters of national concern and demand a Federal response.

During the past 25 years we have gained considerable experience in ways that

the Federal government can contribute importantly to advancing education

without eroding state and local authority.

I know that you will be considering a member of legislative initiatives.

I have reviewed H. R. 1699 "The Emergency Mathematics and Science Education Act"

and S. 530 "Education for Economic Security Act," two of the bills you will

consider and find much in them to recommend.

With regard to S. 530 I was

pleased to note in Section 7 that vocational education has not been ignored.

I hope that as the Committee continues to consider this section it will give

special attention to the need to strengthen the basic skills components of

vocational education.

In Indiana and in many other states that are increasing

high school graduation requirements, it will be students in vocational education, more than those expecting to attend colleges and wniversities, who will be most


As states strengthen requirements in mathematics and science, it is

vital that some of the new courses be closely linked to the needs of vocational


I was also pleased to note that Section 8 of s. 530 includes a

reference to "employment-based programs." It is important that colleges and

universities be stimulated to devote greater attention and resources to helping

prepare those who will direct worker training and retraining programs and to

devise new kinds of instructional materials for facilitating employee training.

While the approaches vary somewhat between the two bills, both H. R. 1699

and S. 530 offer means to correct current teacher shortages in mathematics,

science, foreign language,

and computer technology.

These are positive efforts

and deserve to be encouraged. Loans, fellowships, teacher institutes, etc.

can attract new people into the teaching field and retain those who are

currently employed. Yet, we should be modest in our expectations regarding

what can be accomplished by depending solely upon these solutions.


main reason that we have a shortage of mathematics, science, and foreign

language teachers is that in order to teach these subjects it is necessary

for a person to undergo extensive training; they are demanding subjects to

teach; and teachers of these subjects can find jobs outside of education that

pay much higher salaries than they can earn as teachers.

We have let the

market mechanism operate to reduce the number of people entering the teaching

profession. By depressing the salaries of teachers, we have driven away

many of our

best teachers, the most ambitious, those who can command higher

salaries in the private sector.

Until we confront this problem head on, we

shall be unable to resolve the teacher shortage problem in a fully satisfactory


I also worry about the possible overlap and duplication of Federal

programs with state programs. As I have indicated, Indiana has launched a

program of forgiveable loans and fellowships to entice people into critical

sbortage teaching areas.

If other states are doing the same, there will be

less need for this kind of effort by the Federal government. Frankly, I also

worry about dribbling out relatively small sums of money over a great many

institutions, leaving too little at any single place to do much good.

Therefore, I have tried to think of tasks that only the Federal

government can do, that won't or can't be undertaken by any state acting


One such task is the establishment of four or five model demonstration

centers that would possess sufficient resources that they could possess and

demonstrate state-of-the-art technology for instruction and that could develop,

evaluate, and disseminate instructional materials aimed at improving instruction

in science, mathematics, foreign language, and computer education wherever

such instruction is needed:

elementary and secondary schools, teacher

education, employment-based training programs, etc.

Such centers could be

located on university campuses where cooperation between scientists,

mathematicians, language experts, and teacher educators already exists.

The model centers ought to be established as partnerships that involve the

university, school authorities, and representatives of business and industry.

Federal funds might be matched with money or in-kind contributions from

the various "partners."

It is also important for Congress to recognize that most schools, colleges,

and departments of education that would be asked to host programs to train or

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