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S. HRG. 98-251

EDUCATION FOR ECONOMIC SECURITY ACT

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON
EDUCATION, ARTS AND HUMANITIES

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON
LABOR AND HUMAN RESOURCES

UNITED STATES SENATE

NINETY-EIGHTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

S. 530 TO PROVIDE FOR A PROGRAM OF FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE TO STATES

IN ORDER TO STRENGTHEN INSTRUCTION IN MATHEMATICS, SCIENCE, COMPUTER EDUCATION, FOREIGN LANGUAGES, AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES

MARCH 8, 9, AND APRIL 8, 1983

WASHINGTON, D.C.
MARCH 21, 1983
WARWICK, R.I.

Printed for the use of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

21-390 0

WASHINGTON : 1983

KF 26

2 1983

COMMITTEE ON LABOR AND HUMAN RESOURCES

ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah, Chairman
ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
DAN QUAYLE, Indiana

JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia DON NICKLES, Oklahoma

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island GORDON J. HUMPHREY, New Hampshire THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri JEREMIAH DENTON, Alabama

DONALD W. RIEGLE, JR., Michigan
LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut HOWARD M. METZENBAUM, Ohio
CHARLES E. GRASSLEY, Iowa

SPARK M. MATSUNAGA, Hawaii
JOHN P. EAST, North Carolina

CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut
PAULA HAWKINS, Florida

RONALD F. DOCKSAI, Staff Director
KATHRYN O’L. HIGGINS, Minority Staff Director

SUBCOMMITTEE ON EDUCATION, ARTS AND HUMANITIES

ROBERT T. STAFFORD, Vermont, Chairman
ORRIN G. HATCH, Utah

CLAIBORNE PELL, Rhode Island
DAN QUAYLE, Indiana

EDWARD M. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
JEREMIAH DENTON, Alabama

JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia
LOWELL P. WEICKER, JR., Connecticut THOMAS F. EAGLETON, Missouri
JOHN P. EAST, North Carolina

CHRISTOPHER J. DODD, Connecticut
POLLY Gault, Professional Staff Member
DAVID V. Evans, Minority Professional Staff Member

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CONTENTS

Page

7

11

WASHINGTON, D.C.

Bell, Hon. Terrel H., Secretary of Education, accompanied by Carol Ci-

chowski, Acting Director, Special Education, Rehabilitation and Research

Analysis Division, Department of Education.....

McGuire, Willard, president, National Education Association; Al Shanker,

president, American Federation of Teachers; and Patricia Albjerg Graham,

dean, graduate school of education, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.,

on behalf of the American Educational Research Association......

Fretwell, E. K., Jr., chancellor, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, on

behalf of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities;

Howard D. Mehlinger, dean, school of education, and professor of education

and history, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.; Rev. William J. Byron,

president, Catholic University of America; Richard Brod, director, foreign

language programs, Modern Language Association, and secretary-treasurer,

Joint National Committee for Languages, Washington, D.C.; and Joshua

Smith, president, Borough of Manhattan Community College, New York,

N.Y., on behalf of the American Association of Community and Junior

Colleges, and the Association of Community College Trustees ..

Johnson, Gilbert D., manager, education and training, Information Technol-

ogy Group, Electronic Data Systems, accompanied by Milton Russell, gener-

al counsel, Association of Data Processing Service Organizations, and Wil-

liam Lucas, assistant superintendent, Los Angeles Unified School District ....

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MONDAY, MARCH 21, 1983

Page 550

552

564

571

WARWICK, R.I.
Fogarty, Charles, on behalf of Hon. J. Joseph Garrahy, Governor, State of

Řhode Island
Pontarelli, Arthur R., commissioner of elementary and secondary education,

State of Rhode Island, accompanied by Charles Shea, chairman of the

Rhode Island Board of Regents.
McMahon, Eleanor M., commissioner of higher education, State of Rhode

Island..
Liston, Edu ard, president, Community College of Rhode Island; and William

Flanagali, executive secretary, Rhode Island Independent Higher Education

Association...
McElroy, Edward, president, Rhode Island Federation of Teachers, and presi-

dent, Rhode Island AFL-CIO; Herman Coleman, executive secretary, Na-
tional Education Association, Rhode Island; Elizabeth Ann Kenyon, presi-
dent, Rhode Island Association of School Committees, and member, South
Kingston School Committee; Burton Froberg, executive secretary, Rhode
Island Association of School Superintendents; Sister Marie Andre Buay,
superintendent of diocesan schools; Donald Gainey, president, Rhode Island
Association of School Principals, and principal, West Warwick High School;
and Joanne Corbett, legislative chairperson, Rhode Island Congress of Par-

ents and Teachers ... Sweet, David, president, Rhode Island College; and Frank Newman, president, University of Rhode Island

THURSDAY, APRIL 8, 1983

577

607

619 624

672

705

WASHINGTON, D.C.
Warner, Hon. John W., a U.S. Senator from the State of Virginia
Tsongas, Hon. Paul E., a U.S. Senator from the State of Massachusetts
Roberts, Jessie S., science teacher, Welch Junior High School, Welch, W. Va.;

Dr. Quincalee Brown, executive director, American Association of Universi-
ty Women, Washington, D.C.; Maida Townsend, president, Vermont Nation-
al Education Association, Montpelier, Vt.; and Maudine Cooper, Urban

League...
Hamburg, Dr. David A., president, Carnegie Corp. of New York, New York,

N.Y.: Dr. Roger Nichols, director, Museum of Science, Boston, Mass.; and
Stephen Salyer, vice president and director, education division, WNET-TV,
New York, N.Y., a panel..........

STATEMENTS
Adler, Susan B., director, Washington office, Education Commission of the

States, Washington, D.C.; Calvin M. Frazier, commissioner of education,
State of Colorado, Denver, Colo., and president, Council of Chief State
School Officers; Robert Wolfenbarger, vice president, New Jersey State
Board of Education, Summit, N.J., and director, National Association of
State Boards of Education; Robert L. Smith, executive director, Council for
American Private Education, Washington, D.C.; and M. Joan Parent, first
vice president, National School Boards Association, Washington, D.C., a
panel

Prepared statement.
American Educational Research Association, Patricia Albjerg Graham, on

behalf of, prepared statement..
American Electronics Association, David B. Leeson, on behalf of, prepared

statement. Bell, Hon. Terrel H., Secretary of Education, accompanied by Carol Ci

chowski, Acting Director, Special Education, Rehabilitation and Research
Analysis Division, Department of Education...

Prepared statement
Brod, Richard, director, Foreign Language Programs/Modern Language Asso-

ciation, prepared statement ......
Brown, Dr. Quincalee, executive director, American Association of University

Women, prepared statement.

84

87

354

70

273 276

432

686 Page 444

769 16 20

6 7

550

121

372 375

592

584

543

Byron, Rev. William J., S.J., president, Catholic University of America, pre

pared statement.....
Children's Television Workshop, Joan Ganz Cooney, president, prepared state-

ment.....
Chiles, Hon. Lawton, a U.S. Senator from the State of Florida

Prepared statement
Dodd, Hon. Christopher J., a U.S. Senator from the State of Connecticut,

prepared statement.....
Domenici, Hon. Pete V., a U.S. Senator from the State of New Mexico......
Fogarty, Charles, on behalf of Hon. J. Joseph Garrahy, Governor, State of

Rhode Island
Frazier, Calvin, president, Council of Chief State School Officers, prepared

statement.
Fretwell, E. K., Jr., chancellor, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, on

behalf of the American Association of State Colleges and Universities;
Howard D. Mehlinger, dean, school of education, and professor of education
and history, Indiana University, Bloomington, Ind.; Rev. William J. Byron,
president, Catholic University of America; Richard Brod, director, foreign
language programs, Modern Language Association, and secretary-treasurer,
Joint National Committee for Languages, Washington, D.C.; and Joshua
Smith, president, Borough of Manhattan Community College, New York,
N.Y., on behalf of the American Association of Community and Junior
Colleges, and the Association of Community College Trustees..

Prepared statement
Frobert, Burton, executive director, Rhode Island School Superintendents'

Association, prepared statement....
Gainey, Donald D., president, Rhode Island Association of School Principals,

prepared statement..
Great Lakes Colleges Association and Associated Colleges of the Midwest, Jon

W. Fuller, president, prepared statement.
Hamburg, Dr. David A., president, Carnegie Corp. of New York, New York,

N.Y.; Dr. Roger Nichols, director, Museum of Science, Boston, Mass.; and
Stephen Salyer, vice president and director, education division, WNET-TV,
New York, N.Y., a panel.............

Prepared statement
Handler, Dr. Harry, superintendent, Los Angeles Unified School District,

prepared statement..
Hart, Hon. Gary, a U.S. Senator from the State of Colorado..
Huddleston, Hon. Walter D., a U.S. Senator from the State of Kentucky,

prepared statement...
Johnson, Gilbert D., manager, education and training, Information Technol-

ogy Group, Electronic Data Systems, accompanied by Milton Russell, gener-
al counsel, Association of Data Processing Service Organizations, and Wil-
liam Lucas, assistant superintendent, Los Angeles Unified School District ....

Prepared statement
Liston, Edward, president, Community College of Rhode Island; and William

Flanagan, executive secretary, Rhode Island Independent Higher Education

Association...
McElroy, Edward, president, Rhode Island Federation of Teachers, and presi-

dent, Rhode Island AFL-CIO; Herman Coleman, executive secretary, Na-
tional Education Association, Rhode Island; Elizabeth Ann Kenyon, presi-
dent, Rhode Island Association of School Committees, and member, South
Kingston School Committee; Burton Froberg, executive secretary, Rhode
Island Association of School Superintendents; Sister Marie Andre Buay,
superintendent of diocesan schools; Donald Gainey, president, Rhode Island
Association of School Principals, and principal, West Warwick High School;
and Joanne Corbett, legislative chairperson, Rhode Island Congress of Par-

ents and Teachers. McGuire, Willard, president, National Education Association; Albert Shanker,

president, American Federation of Teachers; and Patricia Albjerg Graham,
dean, graduate school of education, Harvard University, Cambridge, Mass.,
on behalf of the American Educational Research Association.

Prepared statement (with attachments).
McMahon, Eleanor M., commissioner of higher education, State of Rhode
Island.

Prepared statement
Mehlinger, Dr. Howard D., dean, school of education, and professor of educa-

tion and history, Indiana University, prepared statement (with attachment).

705 710

483 11

669

471 473

571

577

290 294

564 566

405

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