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1. (a) What is a drama?

(b) Name three English and three American dramatists and a work of each.

(c) What is the condition of American drama at present? 2. Give a sketch of the life of Chaucer, tell what influences affected his productions, and

the importance of his works. 3. (a) Name the comedies which Shakespeare wrote. (b) In any one of his comedies outline the mental and moral qualities of five of the

chief characters. (c) Give a brief statement of Shakespeare's influence upon his immediate suc4. What are the chief characteristics of the literature of the Victorian period? 5. Compare the novels of Sir Walter Scott with those of a present day novelist. 6. (a) Name five good magazines and the editor of each.

(b) Discuss "yellow journalism” and its influence. 7. Who is William Dean Howells and what does American literature owe to him? 8. How has the West and Middle West influenced American literature? Name ten of

the best writers whose productions show this influence. 9. (a) What is a realist? a humanitarian?

(b) Name ten authors whose productions have one of these qualities.
(C) What can you say of these qualities in the literature preceding the Elizabethan

10. (a) Give a biography of Longfellow'.

(b) What are the chief qualities of his productions?
(c) How is he regarded in (a) America, (b) England?


1. Do you teach written or oral spelling? Give the arguments for each.
2. How do you account for poor spelling?
3. Do you teach diacritical marks? Where?
4. How do you teach pronunciation?
5. What use do you make of spelling in other subjects?





1. recede 2. stalwart 3. surly 4. languor 5. inertia 6. heinous 7. malign 8. soliloquy 9. ravel 10. veil 11. 12.

erase 13. furlough 14. ellipsis 15. poultice 16. treatise 17. emery 18. judiciary 19. coral 20. rinsing 21. flourish 22. smolder 23. bivouac 24. falcon 25. lyceum

27. sycamore
28. correspondent
29. tympanum
30. waive
32. clique
33. Houghton
34. reservoir
35. ptomaine
36. arguing
37. conscience
38. truly
39. hoeing
40. Roosevelt
41. changeable
42. separate
43. hemorrhage
44. Sault Ste. Marie
45. scepter
46. syncline
47. frieze
48. steppe
49. abridgment
50. Sebewaing


1. What is the momentum of a battleship of ten thousand tons steaming 18 knots per

hour? 2. (a) Explain the terms foot pound, kilogrammeter, foot-poundal, erg.

(b) Give laws of falling bodies. 3. (a) Give Boyle's law. (b) If the barometer stands at 281 inches, what is the elastic tension of the air in

dynes per square centimeter? 4. Explain musical interval, scale, gamut, fundamental and overtones, covibration,

coincident waves, resonance. 5. A mass of air at 0°, and under an atmospheric pressure of 30 inches, measures 100

cubic inches; what will be its volume at 40°, under a pressure of 28 inches? 6. Define radiant energy, a ray, a shadow, an image, photometry. 7. Draw figure to illustrate spherical aberration of light. Give effects of same. 8. How should 50 cells each with a resistance of 3 ohms be arranged so as to secure the

greatest current through a circuit of 30 ohms external resistance? What current

strength may be obtained in the foregoing circuit if each cell is of two volts force? 9. (a) Give Ampere's theory of magnetism.

(b) Give Ohm's law, 10. Explain construction and use or uses of transformer, induction coil, Crookes tubes,

Wheatstone bridge.


1. What benefits have been derived from the teaching of scientific temperance? (Do

not theorize.) 2. Is the medical inspection of schools feasible in small towns? Is it advisable? 3. What can a teacher do in looking after the health of children? 4. What is the difference between contagious and infectious diseases? Give examples. 5. Name some of the common means by which communicable diseases are spread. 6. Name some of the common disinfectants and tell how they are used. 7. Tell some of the things you teach relative to “first aid to the injured.” 8. Explain the art of cooking and the part it plays in health. 9. Give some good rules as to the use and care of clothing. 10. What are some of the common insanitary conditions and sources of disease and what

may be done to correct these?


1. What styles of composition, oral and written, should be required in high school work?

Give the chief characteristics of each. 2. How do you correct manuscripts in work in English and what work do you require

on the part of pupils after the return of papers? 3. Discuss force, illustrating by reference to standard authors. 4-5. Write a complete description of some picture which appealed to you. 6. Discuss the development and the relative importance of thought and expression. 7. (a) What matters of form should be taught in regard to the paragraph?

(b) What things should be taught regarding the devolopment of the paragraph? 8. (a) Name five persons of the present time whom you consider masters of English "

(b) Criticise the current papers and magazines from a rhetorical standpoint. 9. (a) Deine scansion, metre, poetry, rhyme, couplet.

(b) Define solecism, idiom, figure of speech, climax, syllogism.

(c) What qualities of composition are derived from word study? 10. (a) Write the essential form for a business letter, a formal letter of introduction, a

friendly letter.
(b) What are the chief rhetorical requisites for a good conversationalist?

SCHOOL LAW. 1. How many rerents of the University, when elected, and for how long? 2. Under what conditions may corporal punishment be inflicted? 3. Give the law in regard to holidays, and in regard to loss of time when school is closed

on account of contagious diseases.

4. What is the legal procedure in hiring a teacher? When must the contract be exe

cuted? Who are parties to it? 5. Give the chief provisions of the compulsory attendance law. 6. (a) How may a school district library be established?

(b) What funds are distributed for the support of libraries? 7. Who fixes the length of the school year and when? 8. What are the powers and duties of the township board of school inspectors? 9. Give powers and duties of the county commissioner of schools. 10. (a). Under what conditions may a graded school district be organized ?

(b) Give the substance of the law governing the issuing of bonds by a school district.


1. Name a text in psychology, one in school management with which you are familiar. 2. Discuss school sanitation from the standpoint of the teacher. 3. (a) What constitutes professional ethics in the teacher?.

(b) In what ways do many teachers violate these principles? 4. "A class recitation is a business proposition.” Explain fully the foregoing statement. 5. Give three laws of mind and the three corresponding laws of teaching. 6. Can pupils be taught to study? If so, how? 7. How should reading classes be conducted? Give pedagogical reasons. 8. (a) Give five characteristics of a good course of study.

(b) What subjects taught in the public schools do you consider practical? 9. (a) Define education.

(b) What do you consider the most important work of the teacher? 10. Give the laws of association and illustrate each.


1. What is the present status of the Panama canal? What is the "canal zone?” How

did we secure the right to build this canal on foreign territory? What are the

chief difficulties that have developed? 2. Give an outline of history work for the first eight grades. 3. How much use can be made of outside reading in connection with the United States

history work? Name some books you have used successfully for collateral

reading. 4. What would you say concerning the teaching of dates? Name the dates that you

consider pivotal. 5. Trace the origin and development of the two leading political parties of to-day. 6. What is source material? What source material have you used? 7. Make an outline for teaching the causes of the Civil War. 8. What are national banks? What is their place in our government? 9. Discuss “The United States as a World Power." 10. Give an estimate (not over 200 words) of the life, character, and service of Theodore



1. Give apparatus necessary in a zoological laboratory. Where have you studied this

subject? Under what method? 2. What specimens may be secured as typical of each of the following branches: mol

lusca, vertebrata, orthropoda? 3. If you have examined specimens of the foregoing name them and give your findings. 4. Give the branch to which each of the following belongs: snail, fly, sponge, crayfish,

frog. 5. The animal kingdom is divided into protozoa and metazoa. Explain this. 6. Describe the circulatory and digestive systems of the cow. 7. Give the method and history of the development of the butterfly, frog, oyster. 8. Describe the habits, skeleton, plumage of the robin, hawk, quail. 9. Name the injurious insects common in Michigan. Name the insects that are beneficial. 10. Describe as briefly as possible the development of the nervous system in the verte


II. Questions prepared by [the State Board of Education for the State

examination held at Lansing and Marquette, August 12-16, 1907.



(a) If a man walks s miles in r hours, at what rate does he walk? (b) If

a man can do a piece of work in m days, how much of the work can

he do in r days? (c) If a thermometer at 1 o'clock p. m. indicates s degrees below zero and

at 7 p. m. c degrees below zero, express the difference in temperature

of the two hours. (d) How many times is m a factor of (2 m) (3m)? (a) Given 53+21x=62. Solve. (b) What name is given to this equation from the fact that it contains both

and r?



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(a) Reduce to simplest form the complex fraction 1+1


1-a x2 + 3 1

X-3 (b)

x+3 x + 3 4. Prove, giving the fundamental principles of fractions, that the expression a b7bis equal to the expression

- b

-b 5. Three towns are at the three angles of a triangle. From the first to the

second through the third is 82 miles; from the first to the third through the second is 97 miles; from the second to the third through the first

is 89 miles. Find the direct distance between the towns. (a) Simplify the expression 4-9. (b) Divide 3 v 7 by 2/8 and express the re

sult in its simplest form. 1 (c) Simplify the expression




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m 21



b" 7. Two persons, A and B, can do a piece of work in 16 days. They work together

4 days; after which В finishes the work in 36 days more. In what

time can each do it separately? 8. (a) State an axiom which gives authority for changing the signs of all the

terms of an equation. (b) Define elimination. (c) Define and give illustration of like, or similar


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7 9. Solve without clearing of fractions:


15 +


7 10. Two cubical vessels have together a capacity of 1072 cubic inches, and the

sum of their heights is 16 iuches. What is the capacity of each? Note--What is your preparation in this subject? Where obtained ?


All solutions of problems must be explained by analysis. Solutions by algebra will not be accepted. 1. An article was sold at 50% above cost. Had the cost been 50% less, the

gain would have been $120. What did it cost? 2. Which is the better investment-$4,752 in a real estate mortgage at 5% or

4% R. R. bonds at 1.10 brokerage 1-8%, the mortgage being taxed 14%

per annum? 3. Write a 90 day note payable to your bank, drawing the legal rate of in

terest, such that discounted at a bank at 8% it will produce $5,000.

4. How far apart are two cities, one being 200 miles south of the other and

whose time is 20 min. 19 sec. slower? 5. When 34 of an article is sold at the cost of 12 of it, what is the rate of

gain or loss? 6. Explain the effect upon the value of a fraction when the same thing is

added to both terms. 7. (a) Explain as to a class, standard time.

(b) From what geographical line is standard time taken for your locality? 8. (a) Mention the “checks” you would teach in arithmetic. (b) Why does the product of the L. C. M. and the H. C. D. of two num

bers equal the product of the numbers? 9. A ladder 45 feet long stands against a building, the top reaching to a window

30 feet high. How far is the foot of the ladder from the house? 10. At what time in the study of arithmetic would you introduce the equation?

Geometrical demonstrations? Business arithmetic?


1. (a) Where have you studied botany, how long, and from what texts?

(b) How much time have you given to laboratory work? 2. Discuss the important characteristics of protoplasm. 3. Describe in detail the origin and development of the root, and give its

functions. 4. Describe the various devices by which nature prevents self-pollination. 5. Give the botanical name of the edible part of the following plants: potato,

bean, celery, strawberry, cabbage, apple, rhubarb, peanut, beet, walnut. 6. Describe three types of bundles found in fibro-vascular tissue. 7. Name three legumes and state their commercial and fertilizing value. 8. (a) Explain photo-synthesis.

(b) Describe osmosis in roots and root hairs. 9. Describe cell contents and multiplication of cells. 10. Name ten plant families with a type under each.



1. Define alotrophy; endothermic and exothermic compounds. 2. Write the formulae and briefly describe each of the following: alcohol, sugar,

iime, gypsum, iron rust, potassium nitrate. What experimental facts led to Avogadro's hypothesis? Prove it to be a

theory and not a law. 4. Give the main assumptions made by the dissociation theory. Define ion,

anion, kation. 5. State in full the process for making Le Blanc soda. 6. What is the basis of the classification of the elements? 7. What salts may be fornied from sulphuric acid and a monivalent metal? 8. State the laws of "definite proportions," "multiple proportions,” and give the

law of "equivalent combining proportions of compounds." 9. Give a few tests to detect the presence of chlorine, arsenic, potash. 10. Outline an approved method for the sanitary analysis of water and milk.


1. Outline the work of a course in civics for the public schools. 2. What is meant by a "city of the fourth class"? 3. How may a village be incorporated in Michigan? A city? 4. What is the work of the board of supervisors? 5. How are the following selected: justice court jury, coroner's jury, grand

jury, circuit court jury? 6. What is an inheritance tax, a game law, the "third house"? 7. How is the coming constitutional convention to be organized ? 8. What was done by the last legislature? 9. Describe the United States dipiomatic service. 10. Name some points of difference between the Michigan legislature and Con

gress of the United States.

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