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486

Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Pag.

Hume. 455 104 Character of Oliver Cromweli

Noble. 477

Lingard. 456 105 Character of Charles II.

Hume, 477

Hume. 456 | 106 Another

Smollelt. 478

Smollett. 457 107 Another

Burnet. 478

Hume. 457 | 108 Another

Macpherson. 479

Smollett. 4597 | 109 Character of James II.

480

Hume. 458 110 Another

Macauley. 489

Smollett. 458 111 Character of William 111.

Smollett. 483

Hume. 458 112 Another

Macpherson. 483

Smollett. 459 113 Character of Mary, Queen Consort

Hume. 459

of William III.

Smollett. 481

Smollett. 460 114 Character of Anne

484

Henry. 460 115 Another

Chamberlaine. 484

Hume. 460 116 Another

Macpherson. 485

Smollett. 461 117 Character of Mary Queen of Scots

Smollett. 461

Robertson. 485

Lingard. 461 118 Character of Francis I.

Hume. 462 119

Charles V.

487

Smollett. 462 120

Epaminondas Leland. 489

Lingard. 463 121 Comparison of Political Principles

Rapin. 463

and Conduct of Cato, Atticus, and

Hume. 464

Cicero

Middleton. 489

Smollett. 464 122 Character of Lord Townshend Chesterf. 490

Hume. 464 123

Mr. Pope

Lingard. 465 | 124

Lord Bolingbroke

491

Hume. 465 | 125

Mr. Pulteney,

492

Lingard. 466 126

Sir Robert Walpole 493

Burnet. 467 | 127

Lord Granville

494

Smolletl. 467

128

Mr. Pelham

495

Lingard. 468 | 129

Earl of Scarborough 495

Hume. 468 130

Lord Hardwicke

496

Lingard. 468 131

Duke of Newcastle 497

469 | 132

Mr.Pitt (Lord Chatham) 498

Macauley. 473 | 133 Another

Anon. 499

Smolleit. 473 134 Another

Burke, 499

Hume. 474 135 Character of Mr. Fox

Anon. 500

Rapin. 474 | 136 Characters of Mr. Pitt and Mr. Fox

Smollett. 475

Edgeworth. 502

Hume. 475 137 Character of Mr. Grattan

Anon. 503

Macauley. 476 138

Mr. Curran

505

491

To make an Epic Poem

Goldsm. 526

554

13 Ulysses and Circe

Dial. Dead. 528 | 28 The Duty of a Clerk

554

14 Love and Joy; a Tale

Aikin. 530 29 Cruelty to Animals

555

15 Scene between Col. Rivers and Sir Harry 531 30 Pastoral Comedy

556

16 Dialogue betwixt Mercury, an English 31 Dogs

557

Duellist, and a North-American 32 To Lady Mary Wortley Montagu 557

Savage Dialogues of the Dead. 531 33 The Manners of a Bookseller

558

17 Bayes's Rules for Composition Bucking. 533 34 Description of a Country Seat

560

18 Dialogue between the Plinys Dial. Dead. 534 35 Apology for his Religious Tenets 562

19 Scene between Boniface and Aimwell

36 Defence against a Noble Lord's Re-

Farquhar. 536 fections

563

20 A Dialogue between M. Apicius and

37 The Death of Mr. Gay

565

Darteneuf

Dial. Dead. 537 38 Envy

Rambler. 565

21 Scene between Iago and Cassio Shaks. 540 39 Epicurus's Character

Orrery. 566

22 Dialogue between Mercury and a

40 Example, its Prevalence Boling. 567

Modern fine Lady

Dial. Dead. 541

dang us when copied with-

23 Scene between Shylock and Tubal Shaks. 542 out Judgment

567

24 Scene between P. Henry and Falstaff 542 41 Exile only an imaginary Evil

568

25 Scene between Moody and Manly Cibber. 544 | 41 cannot hurt a reflecting Man 568

3

Sect.

Authors. Pag. Sect.

Authors. Pag

49 Love of Fame

Fitzosb. 568 95 Conversation, how to please in Rambler. 622

43 Enthusiasm

569 96

various Faults in Connoiss. 623

44 Free-thinking, Abuse of Connoiss. 570 97 Citizen's Country House described 624

The Unbeliever's Creed

571 98 Humorous Scene between Dennis

45 Fortune not to be trusted Boling. 572 the Critic and the Doctor

Swift. 625

her Evils disarmed by Patieace 572 99 The Two Bees

46 Delicacy constitutional Hume. 572 100 Pleasant Scene of Anger

Anon. 627

Spect. 627

of Taste desirable

573 101 Falstaff's Encomiums on Sack Shaks. 628

teaches us to select our Com-

102 Hotspur reading a Letter

628

pany

573 103 Falstaff's Soliloquy on Honour

628

47 Defraction a detestable Vice

Rambler. 573 104 The Perfect Speaker

629

48 Learning, its Application

574 105 Distempers of the Mind cured Thornton. 629

its Progress

Hume. 575 106 Character of a Choice Spirit

690

useless without Taste

576 107 A Citizen's Family setùng out for

its Obstructions

Idler. 576 Brighthelmstone

691

49 Mankind, a Portrait of

Sterne. 576 108 Character of a mighty good Kind of

50 Hard Words defended

Idler. 577 Man

693

51 Discontent, its common Lot Rambler. 578 109 Character of a mighty good sort of

52 Feodal System, History of Blackstone. 579

Woman

634

53 Of British Juries

Orrery. 583 | 110 On the affected Strangeness of

54 Justice, its Nature, &c. defined Goldsm. 583 some Men of Quality

635

55 Habit, Difficulty of conquering Idler. 584 W1 On the Arrogance of younger Bro-

56 Halfpenny, its Adventures Adventurer. 584

thers of Quality

697

57 History, our natural Fondness for it,

112 Persons of Quality proved Traders 699

and its true Use

Boling. 585 113 On Pedantry

641

58 Human Nature, its Dignity Hume. 587 114 A Sunday in the Country

642

59 Operations of considered Orrery. 587 115 On the Militia

643

60 Operas ridiculed

Lyttelton. 588 116 On going to Bath, &c.

645

61 Patience recommended Bolingbroke. 688 117 The faint-hearted Lover

647

62 exemplified in the Story of an

118 Coronation, Detail of

Ass

Sterne. 588 119 Letter from a successful Adventurer

63 Players in a Country Town described

in the Lottery

659

Connoiss. 590 | 120 Characters of Camilla and Flora Greville, 653

64 often mistake the Effect

591 | 121 A Fable, by Linnæus Dr. Thornton, 654

65 True Pleasure defined

Seed. 591 122 Mercy recommended

Sterne. 655

66 Politeness, how manifested

Hume. 591 123 The Starling

655

67 Poet, Business and Qualifications of

124 The Captive

656

described

Johnson. 592 125 Trim's 'Explanation of the Fifth

68 Remarks on some of the best,

Commandment

666

both Ancient and Modern Dryden. 593 126 Health

657

69 Remarks on some of the best

English Dramatic ones

594 | 197 A VOYAGE to LILLIPUT

Swift.

70 Riddles defended

Fitzosb. 596 Chap. I. Author's Account of himself 657

71 Senses perverted by Fashion Smollett. 596

II. The Emperor of Lilliput vi.

72 Suicide, Essay on

Connoiss. 598

sits the Author in his Confinement 661

73 Enumeration of Superstitions observed

III. The Emperor and his No.

in the Country

600 bility diverted by him

666

74 Swearing, indelicate and wicked

602
IV. Metropolis described

670

75 Sympathy, a Source of the Sublime Burke. 603

V. Author prevents an Invasion 672

L-, its Effects in the Distresses of

VI. Inhabitants of Lilliput 675

others

604

VII. Author's Escape to Blefuscu 679

77 Tears pot unworthy of an Hero Dryden. 604

VIII. Return to his Native Country 683

78 Terror, a Source of the Sublime Burke, 604

79 Tragedy compared with Epic Poetry

128 A VOYAGE to BROBDINGNAG.

Dryden. 605 Chap. I. A great Storm described 686

80 Translations, History of

Idler. 607

II. Description of the Farmer's

81 Talents to form a good Translator Dryd. 609 Daughter

692

82 Wit, the Nature of in Writing

611

III. Author sent for to Court 692

83 Examples that Words may affect

IV. The Country described 699

without raising Images Burke, 612

V. Adventures that happened to

84 Characteristics of Whig and Tory

the Author

701

Parties

Áume. 613

VI. Contrivances of the Author

85 Painting disagreeable in Women Connoiss. 614

to please the King and Queen

86 On the Progress of the Arts Idler. 614

VII. Author's Love of his Country 710

87 Astronomy, Study of, delightful Tatler. 615

VIII. His Return to England

713

88 The Planetary and Terestrial Worlds

comparatively considered Spect. 615 129 Detached Sentences

Various. 718

89 Character of Toby Bumper Connoiss. 616 130 Proverbs

723

90 Causes of National Characters Huine. 617 | 131 Old Italian Proverbs

728

91 Characters of Gamesters Connoiss. 618 132 Old Spanish Proverbs

735

92 Tatler's Advice to his Sister Tatler. 620 133 The Way to Wealth

Franklin, 741

93 On Curiosity

Sterne. 621 134 View of Rome

Eustace. 745

94 Controversy seldom decently con-

135 Celebration of Divine Service by the

ducted

Browne. 622

Pope

746

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APPENDIX.

CH

HRONOLOGICAL Table of remark.

ventions; and of the Aras of Men

able Events, Discoveries, and · In-

illustrious for Learning and Genjus 747

ELEGANT EXTRACTS

IN PROSE.

BOOK THE FIRST.

MORAL AND RELIGIOUS.

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$1. The Vision of Mirza, exhibiting a made himself visible. When he had Picture of Human Life. raised my thoughts, by those transporting

airs which he played, to taste the pleaN the fifth day of the moon, which, sures of his conversation, as I looked fathers, I always keep holy, after having ed to me, and, by the waving of his hand, washed myself, and offered up my morn- directed me to approach the place where ing devotions, I ascended the high hills of he sat. I drew near with that reverence Bagdat, in order to pass the rest of the which is due to a superior nature; and day in meditation and prayer. As I was as my heart was entirely subdued by the here airing myself on the tops of the captivating strains I had heard, I fell mountains, I fell into a profound con- down at his feet, and wept. The genius templation on the vanity of human life; smiled upon me with a look of compasand passing from one thought to another, sion and affability that familiarized him Surely, said I, man is but a shadow, and to my imagination, and at once dispelled life a dream. Whilst I was thus musing, all the fears and apprehensions with I cast my eyes towards the summit of a which I approached him. He lifted me rock that was not far from me, where I from the ground, and taking me by the discovered one in the habit of a shepherd, hand, Mirza, said he, I have heard thee with a little musical instrument in his in thy soliloquies; follow me. hand. As I looked upon him, he ap

He then led me to the highest pinnacle plied it to his lips, and began to play up- of the rock, and placing me on the top on it. The sound of it was exceeding of it, Cast thy eyes eastward, said he, sweet, and wrought into a variety of and tell me what thou seest. I see, said tunes that were inexpressibly melodious, I, a huge valley, and a prodigious tide and altogether different from any thing I of water rolling through it. The valley had ever heard: they put me in mind of that thou seest, said he, is the vale of those heavenly airs that are played to the misery; and the tide of water that thou departed souls of good men upon their seest, is part of the great tide of eternity. first arrival in Paradise, to wear out the What is the reason, said I, that the tide impressions of the last agonies, and qua-: I see rises out of a thick mist at one lify them for the pleasures of that happy end, and again loses itself in a thick mist place. My heart melted away in secret at the other? What thou seest, said he, raptures.

is that portion of eternity, which is called I had been often told, that the rock be- Time, measured out by the sun, and fore me was the haunt of a genius; and reaching from the beginning of the world that several had been entertained with to its consummation. Examine now, that music, who had passed by it, but said he, this sea, that is bounded with never heard that the musician had before darkness at both ends, and tell me what

B

thou discoverest in it. I see a bridge, in their hands, and others with urinals, said I, standing in the midst of the ride. who ran to and fro-upon the bridge, The bridge thou seest, said he, is buman thrusting several persons on trap-doors life; consider it attentively. Upon a which did not seem to lie in their way, more leisurely survey of it, I found that and which they might have escaped had it consisted of threescore and ten entire they not been thus forced upon them. arches, with seve:al broken arches, which, The genius seeing me indulge myself added to those that were entire, made up in this melancholy prospect, told me I the number about an hundred. As I had dwelt long enough upon it: Take was counting the arches, the genius told thine eyes off the bridge, said he, and tell me that this bridge consisted at first of a me if thou seest any thing thou dost not thousand arches; but that a great flood comprehend. Upon looking up, What swept away the rest, and left the bridge mean, said I, those great flights of birds in the minous condition I now beheld that are perpetually hovering about the it: but tell me further, said he, what thou bridge, and settling upon it from time to discoverest on it. I see multitudes of time? I see vultures, harpies, ravens, corpeople passing over it, said I, and a morants, and, among many other featherblack cloud hanging on each end of it. ed creatures, several little winged boys, As I looked more attentively, I saw se that perch in great numbers upon the veral of the passengers dropping through middle arches. These, said the genius, the bridge into the great tide that flowed are envy, avarice, superstition, despair, underneath it; and, upon further exami- love, with the like cares and passions pation, perceived there were innumerable that infest human life. trap-doors that lay concealed in the I here fetched a deep sigh: Alas, said bridge, which the passengers no sooner I, man was made in vain! how is he trod upon, but they fell through them in- given away to misery and mortality! to the tide, and immediately disappear. tortured in life, and swallowed up in ed. These hidden pil-falls were set very death! The genius being moved with thick at the entrance of the bridge, compassion towards me, bid me quit so so that throngs of people no sooner broke uncomfortable a prospect. Look no more, through the cloud, but many of them fell said he, on man in the first stage of his into them. They grew thinner towards existence, in his setting out for eternity; the middle, but multiplied and lay closer but cast thine eye on that thick mist into together towards the end of the arches which the tide bears the several generathat were entire.

tions of mortals that fall into it. I directed There were indeed some persons, but my sight as I was ordered, and (whether their number was very small, that conti- or no the good genius strengthened it nued a kind of hobbling march on the with any supernatural force, or dissipated broken arches, but fell through one after part of the mist that was before too thick another, being quite tired and spent with for the eye to penetrate) I saw the valley so long a walk.

opening at the farther end, and spreading I passed some time in the contempla- forth into an immense ocean, that had tion of this wonderful structure, and the huge rock of adamant running through great variety of objects which it pre- the midst of it, and dividing it into two sented. My heart was filled with a deep equal parts. The clouds still rested on melancholy, to see several dropping un one half of it, insomuch that I could disexpectedly in the midst of mirth and cover nothing in it: but the other apjollity, and catching at every thing that peared to me a vast ocean, planted with stood by them, to save themselves. Some innumerable islands, that were covered were looking up towards the heavens in with fruits and flowers, and interwoven a thoughtful posture, and, in the midst with a thousand little shining seas that of a speculation, stumbled and fell out of ran among them. I could see persons sight. Multitudes were very busy in the dressed in glorious habits, with garlands pursuit of bubbles, that glittered in their upon their heads, passing among the eyes, and danced before them: but often, trees, lying down by the sides of founwhen they thought themselves within the tains, or resting on beds of flowers; and reach of them, their footing failed, and could hear a confused harmony of singdown they sunk. In this confusion of ing birds, falling waters, human voices, objects, I observed some with sciinitars and musical instruments, Gladness grew

in me at the discovery of so delightful a his wishes, the gradual change of his scene. I wished for the wings of an disposition to all external objects, and eagle, that I might fly away to those the thoughtlessness with which he floats happy seats; but the genius told me along the stream of time, I sunk into a there was no passage to them, except slumber amidst my meditations, and, on through the gates of death that I saw a sudden, found my ears filled with the opening every moment upon the bridge. tumult of labour, the shouts of alacrity, The islands, said he, that lie so fresh and the shrieks of alarm, the whistle of winds, green before thee, and with which the and the dash of waters. whole face of the ocean appears spotted My astonishment for a time repressed as far as thou canst see, are more in num- my curiosity; but soon recovering myself ber than the sands on the sea-shore; so far as to inquire whither we were gothere are myriads of islands behind those ing, and what was the cause of such clawhich thou here discoverest, reaching fur- mour and confusion; I was told that they ther than thine eye, or even thine imagi- were launching out into the ocean of Life; nation, can extend itself. These are the that we had already passed the straits of mansions of good men after death, who, Infancy, in which multitudes had perishaccording to the degree and kinds of vir- ed, some by the weakness and fragility tue in which they excelled, are distri- of their vessels, and more by the folly, buted among these several islands, which perverseness, or negligence of those who abound with pleasures of different kinds undertook to steer them; and that we and degrees, suitable to the relishes and were now on the main sea, abandoned perfections of those who are settled in to the winds and billows, without any them; every island is a paradise accom- other means of security than the care of modated to its respective inhabitants. the pilot, whom it was always in our Are not these, O Mirza, habitations power to choose, among great numbers worth contending for? Does life appear that offered their direction and assistance. miserable, that gives thee opportunities I then looked round with anxious eaof earning such a reward? Is death to gerness; and, first turning my eyes bebe feared, that will convey thee to so hind me, saw a stream flowing through happy an existence? Think not man was flowery islands, which every one that sailmade in vain, who has such an eternity ed along seemed to behold with pleasure; reserved for him.--I gazed with inexpres- but no sooner touched, than the current, sible pleasure on these happy islands. At which, though not noisy or turbulent, length, said I, Shew me now, I beseech was yet irresistible, bore him away. Bethee, the secrets that lie bid under those yond these islands, all was darkness; nor dark clouds, which cover the ocean on could any of the passengers describe the the other side of the rock of adamant. shore at which he first embarked. The genius making me no answer, I

Before me, and on either side, was an turned about to address myself to him a expanse of waters violently agitated, and second time, but I found that he had left covered with so thick a mist, that the me: I then turned again to the vision most perspicacious eyes could see but a which I had been so long contemplating; little way. It appeared to be full of but instead of the rolling tide, the arched rocks and whirlpools, for many sunk unbridge, and the happy islands, I saw no- expectedly while they were courting the thing but the long hollow valley of Bag- gale with full sails, and insulting those dat, with oxen, sheep, and camels, graz- whom they had left behind. So numering upon the side of it.

Spectator. ous, indeed, were the dangers, and so

thick the darkness, that no caution could 5 2. The Voyage of Life; an Allegory. confer security Yet there were many,

· Life,' says Seneca, is a voyage, in who, by false intelligence, betrayed their the progress of which we are perpetually followers into whirlpools, or by violence changing our scenes: we first leave child. pushed those whom they found in their hood behind us, then youth, then the way against the rocks. years of ripened manhood, then the bet The current was invariable and insur. ter or more pleasing part of old age.'— nountable; but though it was impossible The perusal of this passage having ex to sail against it, or to return to the place ciled in me a train of reflections on the that was once passed, yet it was not so state of man, the incessant fluctuation of violent as to allow no opportunities for

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