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attracting notice by advertisements were then length it happened that some persons of greater very few; the means of proclaiming the publi- | delicacy and judgment found out the merit of that cation of new books have been produced by that excellent' poem, and by communicating their sen. general literature which now pervades the nation timents to their friends, propagated the esteem of through all its ranks."

the author, who soon acquired universal apIn answer to what Johnson has advanced, let us plause t." ask in his own words, “ Has the case been truly To strengthen Blackmore in a position which is stated ?" The century that was satisfied with but the very reverse of Johnson, there are other two editions of Shakspeare in forty-one years, authorities and circumstances, less curious, it is called for three of Paradise Lost in ten, and three true, but still of interest. “ Never any poet," of Prince Arthur in two. “ That Prince Arthur | writes Dennis, “left a greater reputation behind found readers,” says Johnson, “is certain ; for in him than Mr. Cowley, while Milton remained obtwo years it had three editions ; a very uncommon

scure, and known but to fewt.” “When Milton instance of favourable reception, at a time when first published his famous poem,” Swift writes to literary curiosity was yet confined to particular Sir Charles Wogan, “ the first edition was long classes of the nation.” But it was no uncommon going off ; few either read, liked, or understood it, instance, for the same age demanded edition after and it gained ground merely by its merit.” edition of Cowley, of Waller, of Flatman, and of But it had other assistance: “It was your lordSprat. There was no paucity of readers : the ship's encouraging," writes Hughes to Lord sale of Paradise Lost was slow because it was not Somers, “ a beautiful edition of Paradise Lost that to the taste of the times : our very plays were in first brought that incomparable poem to be generhyme ; and the public looked with wonder on rally known and esteemed 8.” This was in 1688; Shakspeare when improved by Shadwell, Ravens and such, if we may judge the present by the past, croft, and Tate. Dryden, who wrote when Cowley was then the influence of Lord Somers, that in a was in the full blaze of his reputation, and Milton dedication of Swift's Tale of a Tub to the same neglected and unknown, lived long enough to see

great man, the bookseller says with ill-concealed and tell of a distinct change in public opinion, satisfaction and in a very grateful strain, “ Your and Milton stand where Cowley had stood.

Lordship's name on the front, in capital letters, That the sale of thirteen hundred copies of a

will at any time get off one edition." Whatever three-shilling book in two years was an uncommon Somers did, the poem had made no great way till example of the prevalence of genius, Mr. Words- Philips published his Splendid Shilling, Addison worth was among the first to disprove. Yet so

his translation from Virgil, and his delightful difficult is it to eradicate an error insinuatingły papers in The Spectator, that seem to have written advanced by a popular author, that Jolinson's it into reputation. overthrown statement has been printed without

True it is, we must add, that it had been called contradiction in every edition of his Lives, and by Dryden in 1674, when its author was but has found an additional stronghold for its perpe- newly in his grave, “one of the greatest, most tuity in the Works of Lord Byron.

“ Milton's

noble, and most sublime poems, which either the politics kept him down,” says Byron ; “but the

age or nation has produced 11;” that The State of epigram of Dryden, and the very sale of his

Innocence was suggested by it ; that Dryden, the work, in proportion to the less reading time of its publication, prove him to have been honoured by of our nation, had repeatedly published his high

most popular of living poets, and the great critic his contemporaries." But Blackmore, who wrote when literary curi- epigram in its praise ; nay more, that the Earl of

approval, and, better still, had turned his glorious osity was yet confined, if we may believe Johnson, Roscommon, who was dead in 1684, had written in to particular classes of the nation, has told us in

Milton's measure and manner 1. Yet Johnson an acknowledged work that Paradise Lost lay would have us believe that its admirers did not many years unspoken of and entirely disregarded. dare to publish their opinions ! But all were not No better testimony could possibly be wished for ; and as the passage has hitherto passed without poetry what his name would denote, could speak

of his way of thinking; and Rymer, who was in extract or allusion, we shall,quote it at length : of it in 1678, as “ that Paradise Lost of Milton's

, “ It must be acknowledged,” says Sir Richard Blackmore, “ that till about forty years ago Great Prior and Montague, of its author, in 1687, as “ a

which some are pleased to call a poem **;" and Britain was barren of critical learning, though fertile in excellent writers; and in particular had

+ Essays, 8vo. 1716. so little taste for epic Poetry, and were so unac

Familiar Letters. quainted with the essential properties and peculiar § Spenser's Works, 12mo. 1715. Dedication. beauties of it, that Paradise Lost, an admirable | Pr. Works by Malone, vol. ii. p. 397. In another work of that kind, published by Mr. Milton, the place (vol. ii. p. 403), he puts Milton on the same footing

with Homer, Virgil, and Tasso. This was in 1675. great ornament of his age and country, lay many

See page 280 of this volume. years unspoken of and entirely disregarded, till at

** Letter to Fleetwood Shepherd on the Tragedies of the * Works, vol. v. p. 15.

Last Age, p. 143.

705

rough unhewn fellow, that a man must sweat to encountered in the whole collected body of estaread him *."

blished clergy, that dislike which Sprat when This was the general feeling of the age; and the Dean of Westminster professed to feel at the truth is, as Sir Walter Scott has observed t, that mention of his name,-a name too odious, as he the coldness with which Milton's mighty epic was said, to be engraven on the walls of a Christian received upon the first publication, is traceable to church. What the clergy should have read, the character of its author, so obnoxious for his honoured, and encouraged for their cloth, if not share in the government of Cromwell, to the turn for their conscience' sake, was left in the same disof the language, so different from that of the age, regarded state by the laity, who did not profess or and the seriousness of a subject so discordant wish for once to be wiser than those whose duty it with its lively frivolities. A Christian poem, was to direct their minds to good and holy books, that should have found its greatest admirers and and Milton worked his way against every obstacle received its warmest advancement from the Esta- slowly but surely. No poem ever appeared in an blished Church, met there with open and avowed age less fitted or less inclined to read, like, or opposition. Milton, hateful as he was to the understand it than did Paradise Lost I. churchmen for the violence of his political tenets,

# Yet Mr. Hallam is inclined to think that the sale was * The Hind and the Panther Tranversed, &c. Bayes says great for the time, and adds, “I have some few doubts, after quoting a liquid line, “ I writ this line for the whether Paradise Lost, published eleven years since, would ladies, I hate such a rough un hewn fellow as Milton," &c. have met with a greater demand."--Lit. Hist. vol. iv.

Misc. Pr. Works, vol. i. p. 141,

p. 427.

C.

ANNE COUNTESS OF WINCHELSEA,

[Died 1720,]

Was the daughter of Sir William Kingsmill of “ It is remarkable,” says Wordsworth, “ that Sidmonton in the county of Southampton, maid | excepting the Nocturnal Reverie, and a passage or of honour to the duchess of York, and wife to two in the Windsor Forest of Pope, the poetry of Heneage earl of Winchelsea. A collection of her the period intervening between the publication of poems was printed in 1713 ; several still remain Paradise Lost and The Seasons does not contain a unpublished.

single new image of external nature.”

A NOCTURNAL REVERIE.

In such a night, when every louder wind
Is to its distant cavern safe confined ;
And only gentle Zephyr fans his wings,
And lonely Philomel still waking sings;
Or from some tree, famed for the owl's delight,
She, hollowing clear, directs the wanderer right:
In such a night, when passing clouds give place,
Or thinly vail the heavens' mysterious face;
When in some river, overhung with green,
The waving moon and trembling leaves are seen;
When freshen'd grass now bears itself upright,
And makes cool banks to pleasing rest invite,
Whence springs the woodbine, and the bramble-rose,
And where the sleepy cowslip shelter'd grows;
Whilst now a paler hue the foxglove takes,
Yet chequers still with red the dusky brakes ;
When scatter'd glow-worms, but in twilight fine,
Show trivial beauties watch their hour to shine ;
Whilst Salisb’ry stands the test of every light,
In perfect charms and perfect virtue bright:
When odours which declined repelling day,
Through temperate air uninterrupted stray;
When darken'd groves their softest shadows wear,
And falling waters we distinctly hear;

When through the gloom more venerable shows
Some ancient fabric, awful in repose;
While sunburnt hills their swarthy looks conceal,
And swelling haycocks thicken up the vale:
When the loosed horse now, as his pasture leads,
Comes slowly grazing through th' adjoining meads,
Whose stealing pace and lengthen'd shade we fear,
Till torn-up forage in his teeth we hear;
When nibbling sheep at large pursue their food,
And unmolested kine rechew the cud;
When curlews cry beneath the village-walls,
And to her straggling brood the partridge calls;
Their short-lived jubilee the creatures keep,
Which but endures whilst tyrant man does sleep;
When a sedate content the spirit feels,
And no fierce light disturbs, whilst it reveals;
But silent musings urge the mind to seek
Something too high for syllables to speak;
Till the free soul to a composedness charm’d,
Finding the elements of rage disarmid,
O'er all below a solemn quiet grown,
Joys in the inferior world and thinks it like her own:
In such a night let me abroad remain,
Till morning breaks, and all 's confused again;
Our cares, our toils, our clamours are renew'd,
Or pleasures, seldom reachd, again pursued.

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GENERAL INDE X.

* The Roman numerals refer to the Essay ;-the Arabic figures, to the body of the Book.

ABSENCE. Jago, 565.
ADDISON (Joseph), specimens of, 338, 339.

Elegy on the Death of. Tickell, 367.
Agrippina, a Fragment. Gray, 508.
AKENSIDE (Mark), notice of, 488 ; allusion to, 548.

Specimens of, 489–494.
ALEXANDER (William). See STERLINE (Earl of).
Ambition, reflections on. Anon., 211.
America, discovery and happiness of, predicted. Dright,

617.
Anacreontics, by Oldmixon, 370.
Angler's wish. Walton, 279.
Anglo-Saxon Language, influence of the Norman Conquest

on, xxix.

When it began to be English, xxx.
ANONYMOUS Poets, specimens of, 186, 210, 286, 320, 516,

542, 544.
ANSTEY (Christopher), notices of, 291, 695.

Specimen of his Bath Guide, 695-697.
Argalia, adventures of. Chamberlayn, 202—208.
Argentile and Curan, a tale. Warner, lxvi, 71.
ARMSTRONG (Dr. John), notice of, 546–548.

Specimens of, 548- 550).
Athens described. Milton, 259.
AYRES (Philip), specimens of, 287.
AYTON (Sir Robert), Songs by, 210, 321.

Poem said to have been written by, 77.

Beauty, vanity of. Gascoigne, 39.

Final cause of our pleasure in. Akenside, 491.

Mental. Akenside, 492.
Bedford (Lucy, Countess of), epigram on. Ben Jonson, 146.
BEHN (Aphra), specimens of, 286, 301.
Bird's Collection of Songs, specimens from, 60.
Bishop (Rev. Samuel), specimens of, 633, 639.
BLACKLOCK (Thomas), notice of, 626.

Specimens of, 627.
BLACKSTONE (Sir Wm.), specimen of, 563.
Blam (Robert), notice of, 399.

Specimens of, 400-402.
Booth (Barton), specimen of, 357.
Bowles (Rev. Mr.), his strictures on Pope, remarks on,

lxxxvi-X0, 375.
BRATHWAITE (Richard), specimen of, 256.
BRAMSTON (James), specimen of, 389—392.
BRERETON (Jane), Poem attributed to Lord Chesterfield,

written by, 521.
BRETON (Nicholas), Ixv, 84.

Specimens of his Poems, 85.
BROME (Alexander), notice of, 230.

Specimens of his Poems, 230, 231.
BROOKE (Lord). See GREVILLE.
BROOKE (Henry), notice of, 566.

Specimen of, 567-569.
BROWN (Dr. John), notice of, 473.

Specimens of his Poems, 474.
BROWN (Thomas), specimens of, 315, 316.
BROWNE (Isaac Hawkins), specimens of, 413-445.
BROWNE( lliam), notices of, lxvi, 189.

Extracts from, 189, 190.
BRUCE (Michael), notices of, 476, 604.

Specimens of his Poems, 476, 477.
BULTEEL (John), specimen of the Poetry of, 246.
Bunyan's Pilgrim's Progress, remarks on, lvi.
BURNS (Robert), account of, 640—614; notice of, 439.

Specimens of, 645—652.
Thought borrowed from Dr. Young, 467, note.
Anecdote of, 553, note.

His opinion of Cowper's Task, 676, note.
BUTLER (Samuel), specimens of, 269–279; alluded to,lxxxii.
BYROM (John), Pastoral by, 445.

Epigram by, 516.
Byron (Lord), referred to, lxxxv, 436, 478,505, 526, 572, 579,

644, 674,676, notes.

Bale (Bishop), an early dramatic author, ļvii.
BALLADS.

Robene and Makyne. Tienrysone, 20.
Dowsabel. Drayton, 118.
On a Wedding, Sir J. Suckling, 181.
The Chronicle. Couley, 234.
Colin's Complaint. Rove, 334.
From the What-d'ye-call-it. Gay, 356.
Colin and Lucy. Tickell, 369.
Sally in our Alley. Carey, 453.
William and Margaret. Mailct, 464.
Sir Charles Bawden. Chatterlon, 498.
May-Eve, or Kate of Aberdeen. Cunningham, 517.
Owen of Carron. Langhorne, 555.

Hosier's Ghost. Glover, 598.
BAMPFYLDE (John), Sonnets by, 639, 640.
Barbour (John), his Bruce, 17.
BARKLAY (Alexander), critical notice of, xlix.
Bateson's Madrigals, specimens from, 61.
Bath, public breakfast at, described. Anstey, 695—697.
Baucis and Philemon, a Tale. Suifl, 383,
BEATTIE (Dr. James), account of, 687.

Specimens of, 689—694.

His admiration of Thomson, 403,
BEAUMONT (Francis), and FLETCHER (John), notices of,

86, 87.
Specimens of their dramatic productions, 88–99.

Critical observations on them, lxxiv.
BEAUMONT (Sir John), notice of, 105.

Specimen of his Poems, 105.
Further Extracts from, 701.

Cambyses's Army, destruction of. Darwin, 685.
Cambyses, Preston's Tragedy of, lviii.
Canace, death of. Lydgate, 15.
Canterbury Tales, Prologue to, 6.
Canzonet. Anon., 58.
Care, personification of. Tho. Sackville, 37.
CAREw (Thomas), notices of, lxxix, 153.

Specimens of, 154-157.
CAREY (Henry), Ballad by, 453.
CARTWRIGHT (William), notice of, lxxii, 183,

Specimens of, 183—185.
Castle of Indolence. Thomson, 403.

DANIEL (Samuel), notice and specimen of, lxiii, lav, luri,

79, 80.
DARWIN (Dr. Erasmus), notice of, 684—687.

Specimens of,
Brooke's “Universal Beauty" the prototype of his

Botanic Garden, 566.
DAVENANT (Sir William), notices of, lxxxiii, 29.

Specimens of Gondibert, 240—242.
Davie (Adam), an early English poet, notice of, xli.
DAVIES (Sir John), notice of, lxx, 100.

Specimen of his Poems, 100—102.

Critical remarks on them,
Davison's Rhapsody, specimen from, 58.
De Brunne. See MANNYNG.
DEKKER (Thomas), notice of, 160

Specimens of his Poems, 160, 161.
DENHAM (Sir John), notice of, 242.

Specimens of his Poetry, 242—246.
Alterations in his Cooper's Hill, 244, note.
Influence of his numbers upon English versification,

Appendix A.

DESCRIPTIVE, DIDACTIC, AND PATHETIC POEMS.

On the gratification which the lover's passion receives

from the sense of hearing. Gouer, 14.
Death of Canace. Lydyate, 15.
A lover's description of his mistress, when he first

saw her. James I. King of Scotland, 19.
Dance of the seven deadly sins through hell.

bar, 22.
Description of Squyre Meldrum. Sir D. Lyrisay,

25.
Description of such a one as he would love. Sir T.

Wyat, 29.
Spring described. Earl of Surrey, 33.
A prisoner's reflections on his past happiness. The

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CHALKHILL, observations on, lxvi.

Specimen of his Poetry, Ixvii.
CHAMBERLAYNE (William), notice of, 202.

Specimens of, 202-208.
Chambers (Sir Wm.), Heroic Epistle to. Mason, 661.
CHAPMAN (George), no ice of, 130.

Specimens of his Plays, 130, 131,
Character of his Translation of Homer, Ixviii.

His share in the tragedy of Chabot, 228, note.
Chastity described. Milton, 263.
CHATTERTON (Thomas), notice of, 494—497.

Ballad by, 498.
CHAUCER (Geoffrey), anecdotes of, 1-5.

Observations on his Poetry, xliv.

Specimens of his Poems, 6–12.
CHESTERFIELD (Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of), speci-

men of, 520.
Chorus, the ancient, 652.
CHURCHILL (Charles), notice of, 454; alluded to, 583, 584.

Specimens of, 456–460.
CIBBER (Colley), specimen of, 433.

Ode on a Pipe of Tobacco, in imitation of. I. H.

Broune,
Cleveland (John), his knotted deformities, lxxii.
Coleridge (8. T.), opinion of Thomson and Cowper com-

pared, 403 note.

Of Beaumont and Fletcher, lxxvii, note.
Collier (John Payne), his character of Brathwaite's Strap-

pado, 256, note.
Collins (William), notice of, 429.

Specimens of, 430–433.
A Sonnet by, 663, note.
His Poems, 664.

His History of the Revival of Learning, 666, nole.
CONGREVE (William), specimens of, 346–349.
CONSTABLE (Henry), 84.

Sonnet by, 84.
Content, a pastoral. Cunningham, 516.
Contentment, hymn to. Parnell, 331.

Ode on. Harte, 541.
COOPER (John Gilbert),

Song attributed to, 479.

Song by, 479.
Cooper's Hill described. Sir J. Denham, 242.
CORBET (Bishop),

Notice of and Extract from, lxvi, 134-136.
Commendatory Poems, their importance in biography,

87, note.
COTTON (Charles), notice of, 291.

Specimens of, 292—297.
Cottox (Nathaniel), specimen of, 615.
Country Justice, duties of. Langhorne, 552.
Country Life described. Herrick, 233.
COWLEY (Abraham), notices of, lxxii, lxxix, 233, 234.

Specimens of his Poetry, 234-238.
Critical remarks on it,
Note upon, 238.
Line in imitated by Cowper, 675, note ; his country.

loving spirit, 447.
CowPER (William), account of, 669–676.

Specimens of, 676—684.
Compared with Thomson, 402, 403.
His character of Thomson, 403, note.

I. H. Browne, 443, note.
Notes on Milton by, lxxx, lxxxi.
Of similes, lxxxvii, note.

Passage in his Homer, lxxxix, note.
CRASHAW (Richard), notice of, 198.

Specimen of his Poems, 198–200.
CRAWFURD (William), Songs by, 424.
Croker (J. W.), note on Dr. Young by, 387.

On the identity of Thales with Savage, 572.
Cromwell's Conspiracy, a Tragi-Comedy, extract from, 210.
Cuckoo, ode to. Logan, 604.
Cunningham (Allan), notes by, 345, 661, 663.

Life of Burns by, characterised, 643.
CUNNINGHAM (John), specimens of, 516.
Custom, influence of. Pomfret, 314.
Cymon and Iphigenia. Dryden, 310.

same, 32.

A lover's request for comfort. Rich. Eduards, 34.
Allegorical personages described in hell. Tho. Such

ville, 36.
Arraignment of a lover. Gascoigne, 3.
Una followed by the lion. Spenser, 47.
Description of the witch Duessa's journey to the in-

fernal regions. The same, 48.
The Bower of Bliss. The same, 52.
Glauce and Britomart exploring the Care of Merlin.

The same, 54.
Belphæbe finding Timias wounded. Spenser, 55
Successive appearances of nature during a summer's

day. A. Hume, 63.
Mercy dwelling in heaven, and pleading for the

guilty. Giles Flelcher, 81.
Justice addressing the Creator. The same, 82.
Mercy brightening the rainbow. The same, $2.
The palace of Presumption. The same, &2.
Nymphidia, the court of Fairy. Drayton, l@.
The Poet's Elysium. The same, lxv.
Morning, birds, and hunting of the deer. The same,

117.
The priestess of Diana. Chalkhill, lxvii.
The image of jealousy. The same, lxvii.
Abode of the wit Orandra. The same, Ixvil.
Address to his native soil. 1. Brorene, .
Evening. The same, 190.
Death of Rosamond. May, 197.
Soliloquy of Satan. Crashaw, 198.
To Meadows. Herrick, 232.
To Daffodils. The same, 232.
To Blossoms. The same, 232.
The Country Life. The same, 233.
The Complaint. Cowley, 235.
The Waiting-Maid. The same, 236.
Honour. The same, 237.
Wit. The same, 237.
The father of Rhodalind offering her to Duke Gordi-

bert. Davenant, 240.

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