Imagens das páginas

&c.--prey s. pra.-(pre is shut, in) preb'end, preb'endary, precedáneous; pre'cedent, pre"cious, pre"cipice, predatory, pred'ecessor, pred'icable, pred'icant, pred'icate, predication, pref'ace, pref'atory, pref'ecture, pref'erable, preference, prej'udice, prejudi"cial, prel'acy, prel'ate, prelude (n.), prem'ises, preparation, preposi'tion, presbyter, presbyterian, pres'hytery, pres'ence, pres'ent (adj.), presentation, presentée, pres'ently, preservation, pres'idency, pres'ident, press'. gang; press'man,, press'money, press'ure, pres'to, pret'tily, pret'tiness, pret'iy, prev'alence, prev'alent, (presage s. prés-á je (n.), or pre-så je' (v.)

11. se, s. sè, in sea, séaboat, séaborn, seaboy, séachart, (sea s. sé in all its compounds) seal, séalingwax, seam, seamless, séarcloth, séason, séasonable, séasonably, seasoning, séaward, sécant, secrecy, sécret, secretly, (see and sei s. sė,) seed, seedcake, seedpearl', séedtime, seedling, seedsman, seedy, seeing séesaw, séignior, séignory, seine, seize, seizin, seizure, sénior, sequel, séquence, séquent, séries, sérious, seriously, sérous, sérum, séton, secéde, secess'ion, seclude, seclusion, secréte, secrétion, secrétory, secúre, securely, security, sedan', sedáte sedátely, sedáteness, sedi'tion, seditious, sedúce, seducement, seducible, seduc'. tive, seduc'tion, sedulity, select', selec'tion, senior'ity, sepnlchral, sepul'chre (v.), sequácious, sequa' city, seques'ter, seques'trahle, serag!'io, seraph'ic, seréne, serénely, seréneness, seren'ity, setáceous, sevére, sevérely, sever'ity. (ser, s sảr in ser'geant-sew s. sd.)

sewer, s. so'ůr, one who uses a needle.
sewer, s. såfúr, an officer who serves up a feast.

sewer, s. shore, a passage for water. in most other words the e in se is shut

or joined to the next letter, thus-sec'ona, sec'retary, sed'ulous, sel'dom, semblance, sensation, ser’mon, ser'vitude, set's ulement, &c.

12. sky, s. skyi, sky, sky'ey, sky'colour, sky'coloured, sky'dyed, sky'ed, sky' ish, sky'lark, sky'light, sky'rocket, (kind s. kylnd in) kind, kindly, kindness, unkind, unkindly, unkindness, gav'elkind, mankind, wom'ankind, húmankind.

13. su, s. så, in supine (adj.), supinely, supineness, suprem'acy, su. préme, suprémely, supine (n.))

14. super, s. supér, in superabun'dance, superadd', superan'nuate, superb', supercar'go, superceles'tial, supercilious, superem'inent, superex'cellents superfi"cies, superfine, super'fluous, superintend', superior'ity, supérior, super'lative, supernat'ural, supernúmerary, superscrip'lion, supersti''tious, superven'tion, supervisor, súperable, súperfice, súperflux, &c.

15. th, s. th, in thane, thank, thank'ful, thank'less, thanks giving, théatre, theoc'racy, theod'olite, theologian, théory, thermometer, thésis, thick'et, thief, think' ing, this'ule, thorax, thor'ough, &c. (th s. TH in) than that, the, their, them, then, thence, thence'forth, thencefor'ward, there, there'about, thereby', there'fore, there. from', therein', thereinto thereof', ihereon', thereto, thereunto, thereupon', these, they, this, thith'er, thith'erto, thith'erward, those, thou, though, thus, thy, thyself'. (thyme s. time.)

16. thr, s. thr, in thrall, thral'dom, thrap'ple, thrash, thrash'er, thread'bare, threat'en, threefold, threescore, thresh'old, thrift'ily, thrift·less, thrift'y, thrill, thrive, throat, throb, throe, &c.

17. trans, s. tråns, in transact', transcend', transcribe, transfig'ure, transfúse, trans'it, trans"ition, translate, transmit', transpire, transverse, &c. (transi s. trấn' she in) tran’sient, tran’siently, transientness.

18. un, s. ún, in unalterable, unbound', uncer'tain, unconcern', undaunt'ed, undirected, unequal, unexplored, unfor'ıunate, ungen'erous, unhap'py, &c. (u s. ů before n in) únicorn, úniform, úniformly, únion, únison, unit, unity, úniverse, unanim'ity, unan'imous, unifor'mity, unite, unitedly, uni'tion, univer'sal, universal'ity, univer'sally, univer'sity, univ'ocal, (unc s ång in) un'cle, unc': tion, unc'tuous.


Ån acquaintance with the terminational sounds is important to all who are de. sirous of acquiring an elegant pronunciation. Teachers will find on trial, that these exercises are well calculated to initiate their pupils into the correct principles of the orthoepy of our language.

1. ic, or ick, at the end of words, sounds ik, in cúbic, somnif'ic, sudorif'ic, mag'ic, lug'ic, pub'lic, angel'ic, academ'ic, astronom'ic, pan'ic, tyran'nic, fab'ric, rhetoric, emphat'ic, arc'tic, poet'ic, critic, eclip'tic, elas'tic, domes'tic, &c.

2. d is pronounced like t when the ed is preceded by f, k, P, s, sh, ch, or any sharp consonant, thus, engraff'ed, quaff'ed, cuff'cd, puff'ed, ingulf'ed; créaked, clóaked, ran'sacked, attack'ed, deck'ed, frol'iced, shock'ed, rock'ed, creek'ed,

ank'ed, frank'ed, link'ed, look’ed, embark'ed, remark'ed, helped, decamp'ed, cramped, developed, clasp'ed, usurp'ed, crisp'ed, lisp'ed, grasp ed, depress'ed, oppress'ed, confess'ed, profess’ed, bless'ed, wit'nessed, address'ed, transgress'ed, repress'ed, possess'ed, guess'ed, cross'ed, discuss'ed, abash'ed refresh'ed, established, pub'lished, fam'ished, dimin ished, finish'ed, aston'ished, flour'ished, languished, extin'guished, blush'ed, rush'ed, crush'ed, impéached, encroached, de tach'ed, stretched, enrich'ed, branch'ed, search'ed, march'ed, catch'ed, match'ed, despatch'ed, fetch'ed, touch'ed, avouch'ed, &c. (blessed, when an adjective, is, in grave subjects, pronounced in two syllables, thus-a bless'-ed reward.) The ed is pronounced as a distinct syllable in learn'-ed, wing'-ed, when adjectives.--The ed in aged always makes a distinct syllable, as an a'-ged man; but when this word is compounded with another, the ed does not form a syllable, as a full ag'd itorse.—Theed is pronounced as a distinct syllable in the following adverbs, though it is contracted in the participial adjectives from which they are formed.--forcedly, enforcedly, unveil'edly, deform’edly, feign'edly, unfeign edly, design'edly, re sign'edly, restrainedly, refinedly unconcern'edly, undiscern’edly, assuredly, advisedly, composediy, diffúsedly, confusedly, unperceivedly, resolvedly, deser' vedly, undeser'vedly, reser'vedly, unreser'vedly, avow'edly, perplex'edly, fix'edly, amázedly. The participial termination ed must never be pronounced as a distinct syllable, unless preceded by d or t, except in the language of Scripture.

3. in ed, a verhal termination, the e is not sounded, and the d is joined to the pre ceding, syllable, in mov'ed, prov'ed, approved, disapprov'ed, improv'ed, believed, disbelieved, imbibed, inscribed, transcribed, obliged, disobliged, engaged, convey'ed, siirvey'ed, delay'ed, plann'ed, mann'ed, crown'ed, frown'ed, mourn'ed, calm'ed, framed, blámed, támed, skilled, toil'ed, referred, deferred, preferred, raised, praised, procured, secured, inúred, received, &c.

4. ed forms a separate syllable when preceded hy d or t, in cominend'ed, recommend'ed, moulded, folded, disband'ed commanded, expanded, brand'ed, avoid'ed, befriend'ed, offend'ed, defend'ed, blend'ed, extend'ed, suspend'ed, blinded, despond ed, rebound'ed, surrounded; háted, an'imated, abstraci ed, affect'ed, lim'ited, depos'ited, revolt'ed, anoint'ed, devoted, accepi'ed, part'ed, tásted, act'ed, compacl'ed, detract'ed, extract'ed, affected, subjected, selected, collect'ed, direct'ed, protect'ed, convicted, deduct'ed, constructed, &c.

5. old, s. old, bold, blindfold, inföld, unsóld, behold, withhold, inhold, uphold, retó!d, untold, mistõld. (old s. old) thréefold, man'ifold, pin' fold, marigold, freehold, house'hold, thresh'hold, cop'yhold. (old s. åld in scaf'fold.)

6. ind, s. ind, in bind, behind, gav'elkinsi, mankind, wom'ankind, húmankind, unkind, pur'blind, remind, wind (v.) unwindl. (ind s. înd in) abscind', rescind', prescind', discind', interscin«l , tam’arind, whirlwind, wind, or wind, (n.)

in e final, s. e, in ac'me, epitome, extem'pore, sin'ile, apos'trophe, hyper'. bole, syn'cope, syn'drome, synecdoche, tem'pore, sys'tole.

8. ibe, s. Ibe, in imbibe, ascribe, misascribe, subscribe, describe, rescribe, prescribe, circumscribe, transcribe, inseribe, proscribe, superscribe, interscríbe.

9. ice, s. is, in jaun'dice, cowardice, prej'udice, benefice, ven'efice, office, ed'ifice, or’ifice, pontifice, ar'tifice, supertice, chatice, mal'ice, com'plice, accom'

plice, surfplice, pum'ice, cor’nice, precipice, au'spica, av'arice, dent'ifrice, licorice, cic'atrice, ma trice, prac'tice, maleprac'tice, poultice, pren'tice, appren'tice, nótice, ar'mistice, solstice, in'terstice, jus'tice, injus'tice, cre'vice, nov'ice, service. (ice s. Ise in) ice, dice, bespice, entice, advice, device. (ice s. Ize in) suffice' sac'rifice. (ice s. èès in) police caprice'. (oice s. oys in) choice, rejoice', voice, in'voice, outvoice'.-juice s. júse-ver'juice s. vēr'jůs--sluice s. sluse.

10. ance,* s. åns, in disturb’ance, guidance, attendance, abundance, bal' ance, appearance, remem'brance, fragrance, en'trance (n.) obei'sance, úsance, ex pect'ance, reluctance, exor'bitance, inheritance, repent'ance, acceptance, import'ance, contrivance, allow'ance, &c. (ance accented, or in monosyllables, s. åns in) bechance', perchance', mischance', enhance', askance', 'romance', finance', entrance', disentrance', complaisance', advance; ; dance, chance, lance, glance, prance, trance.

11. ence, s. éns, in in nocence,t acquies'cence, cadence, confidence, depend'ence, prúdence, defi" cience, efi'cience, insufficience sci'ence, pre scien omnis'cience, conscience, obédience, expe'rience, si'lence, excellence, in'dolence, op'ulence, commence', pref'erence, occurrence, omnipresence, pen'ilence, consistence, exist'ence, af'fluence, in'fluence, con'sequence, cloquence.

12. scence, s. séns, in quies'cence, coales'cence, invales'cence, convales'. cence, adoles'cence, concres'cence, excres'cence, putres'cence, efferves'cence, &c

13. duce, s. dåse, in tradúce, abduce, obidúce, subdúce, educe, dedúce, redúce, sedúce, indúce, superindúce, condúce, reprodúce, introdúce, prodúce (2.) prod'uce.

14. ide, s. Ide, in bide, decide, incide, coincide, conside, backslide, deride, astride, bestride, aside, subside, beside, reside, preside, weakside, withinside, betíde, springtide, noontide, misguide, divide, subdivide, provide, de'icide, re'gicide, hom'icide, par'ricide, mat'ricide, fral'ricide, infan'ticide, suicide, broad'side, blind'side, in side, outside, twelf'tide, e'vcntide, whit'suntide, countertide.

15. lude, s. lúde, in acclúde, reclúde, preclude, seclúde, inclúde, conclude, interclúde, exclúde, elúde, prelúde, (v.) allúde, illúde, collúde, prel'ude, in'terlude.

16. ee, s. e. in bee, fee, refugée appellée, assignée, epopée, decrée, agrée, disagrée, degrée, fricasée, foresée, oversée lessée, fusée, legatée, guarantéc, grantée, absentée, presentée, patentée, devotée, repartée, trustée, setiće, ada vowee, coffee, feoffee, ap'ogee, tro'chec, spon'dee, prith’ee, ju'bilee, ped'igree, committee, lev'ee.

17. age, s, idje, în cal»'hagę, herb'age, bond'age, cord'age, vas'salage, pil'lage, assem'blage, dam'age, im'age, man'age, spin'nage, patronage, stop'page, av'erage, cour'age, her'mitage, advan’tage, port'age, cottage, lan'guage, voy'age, pres’age (n), car'riage, miscar’riage, mar'riage, intermar'riage, &c. (age s. aje in) age, cage, incage', gage, engage', pre-engage', disengage', page, ii'tlepage, rage, sage, presage' (v.), stage, assuage', wage, ad'age.

18. dge, s. j, in trudge, grudge, judge, lodge, par'tridge, abridge', ridge, wedge, knowledge, sledge, pledge, fledge, hedge, edge, badge, &c.

19. arge, s. årj, in barge, charge, recharge', overcharge', surcharge', discharge', enlarge', overlarge'.

20. able, sok-bl, in ap'plicable, for'midable, com'mendable, peace'able, agreeable, per'ishable, sociable, mag'nifiable, ámiable, pit'table, es timable, resumable, defin’able, sufferable, númerable, ven'erable, an'swerable, advis'able, cred'itable, hab'itable, im'itable, suitable, notable, comfortable, &c. (able s. abl in) a'ble, fáble, gable, enable, unáble, sáble, disable, táble, stáble, instáble, unstable.

21. ible, s. é-bl, in evin'cible, invin'cible, do'cible, forcible, iras'cible, de. dúci credible, au'dible, le'gible, intelligible, fran’gible, discern'ible, ter'rible, vis'ible, defen'sible, comprehen'sible, . pas'sible, impos'sible, plau'sible, com

* The learner should be required to give the meaning of the prefixes in, un, en, &c.-and terminations ance, enee, &c. See Exp. p. 24, 25, 26, &c.

The pupil should be made to comprehend the difference between a compound and deri. vative word.

pat'ible, convert'ible, resist'ible, combust'ible, inflex'ible, &c. (ible s. ibi in bible. -oible s. oy-bl in foi ble.)

22. uble, s. 4-bl in sol'uble, indis'soluble, vol'uble. (ouble s. ubl in) dou'ble, redou'ble, semidou'ble, trou”ble.

23. ile, s. il, in fa" cile, croc'odile, do''cile, a"gile, juvenile, feb'rile pu'erile, ten'sile, mis'sile, volatile, ver'satile, project'ile, duc'tile, mer'cantile, rep'. tile, fer'tile, hos'tile, fútile, sex'tile, ser'vile, flex'ile, &c. (ile s. lle in) rec'oncile, cham'omile, in'fantile, gen'tile, pen'tile, ex'ile, défile. (n.) awhilé, some'while, erewhile, otherwhile, compile, revíle, beguile (v.) (ile ś. }le in) profile. (ile s. èle in) mobile-ile s. élé in) sim'ile, a'tile; when utile is used as an adjective, it is pronounced in two syllables, with the accent on the first.

24. stle, s. sl, in cas'tle, fore'castle, nes'tle, tres'tle, wres'tle, this'tle, whis'tle, epis'tle, bris'tle, gris'tle, jos'tle, thros'tle, bus'tle, jus'ile, nus'tle, rus'tle. (stle s. si in pestle). 25. some, s. sům, in some, glad'some, whole'some, long'some, dark'some,

some, toil'some, ran'some, bur'densome, light'some, cum'borsome, &c. 26. sume, s. súme, in absúme, desúme, consúme, assume, reassume. (sume s. zúme in) resume and presúme.

27. ine, s. in—in sab'ine, med'icine, ima"gine, en'gine, amaran'thine, hyacin'thine, alkaline, a'quiline, cor'alline, metalline, chrys'talline, dis'cipline, mas'culine, fam'ine, jes'samine, exam'ine, re-exam'ine, cross-exam'ine, er'mine, deter'mine, predeter’mine, exter'mine, ver'mine, jas'mine, relúmine, illúmine, fem'inine, her'oine, rap'ine, supine, (n.) nec'tarine, salaman'drine, Alexan'drine, per'egrine, doc'trine, cit'rine, palpatine, adaman'tine, lib'ertine, asbes'tine, des'. line, predes'tine, clandes'tine, intes'tine, pris'tine, amethys'tiné, sang'uine, ensang'uine, gen'uine, jac'obine, (ine s. Îne) wood'bine, columbine, car'bine, concubine, mus'cadine, incar'nadine, brig'andine, con'fine, (n.) fe'line, out’line, cal'. amine, car'mine, counter'mine, sat'urnine, por'cupine, sac'charine, fe'rine, vi'perinc, brig'antine, val'entine, ser'pentine, tur'pentine, ves'pertine, combine, calcine, saline, decline, recline, incline, disincline, underline, interline, undermine, countermine, canine, repine, supine (adj.), divine, untwine, intertwine, woonshine, outshine, defiue, refine, &c. (ine s. enė in) fasciné, machiné, tambarinė, mariné, ultramariné, submariné, transmariné, tabouriné, quarantiné, colbertiné, routine, magazine. (essoine s. essoyn').

28. ire, s. ire, in ire, dire, bemire, quag'mire, aspire, respire, transpire, inspire, conspire, perspire, suspire, expire, desire, retire, entire, intire, attire, acquire, require, prerequire, inquire, esquíre, wild'fire, bon'fire, em'pire, umpirc, ac'rospire, grand'sire. (ire s. ir in) cam'phire, sapph'ire.----sa'tire or sat'ire-solitaire s. sol-e-tárc.

29. sure, s. zhůre, in pleas'ure, displeas'ure, meas'ure, outmeas'ure, treas'. ure, intreas'ure, incis'ure, exposure, press'ure, impress'ure, sciss'ure, fiss'ure, commiss'ure, rasure, leisure, "closure, enclosure, disclosure, composure, discomposure, disposure, cen'sure, compress'ure, coún'terpressure, express'ure, ensúre, unsúre, assúre.

30. ture, s. türe, in judicature, feature, créature, lig'ature, min’ature, al. bre’viature, entab'lature, le'gislature, na'ture, sig'nature, illnátore, tem'perature, literature, curv'alure, manufac'ture, conjec'ture, lec'ture, ar'chitecture, picture, stric'ture, junc'ture, for'feiture, fur'niture, hor'ticallure, adven'ture, pas'ture, mix'ture, mature, premature, immatúre.

31. re, preceded by a consonant, s. er, in sábre, fibre, om'bre, a'cre, wise'acre, mas'sacre, lúcre, théatre, amphitle'atre, elec'ire, spec'tre, métre, pe'tre, saltpétre, mitre, nitre, cen’tre, scep'tre, lus'ue, accou'tre, livre.-parterre', s. pår-tåre.

32. ise, s. lze, in criticise, cir'cumcise, ex'ercise, ex'orcise, mer'chandise, meth'odise, cat'echise, mon'archise, eter'nalise, naturalise, disnaturalise, e'qualise, syuon'omise, com'promise, epil'omise, man'umise, recognise, tyranise, col’onise, patronise, glut'ronise, modernise, éler'nise, au'thorise, disau'thorise, tem'porise, contem'porise, en'terprise, up'rise, (n.), like'wise, length'wise, nowise, otherwise, slant'wise, demise, premise, surmise, presurmise, despise, rise,

arise, sun'rise, reprise, comprise, surprise, misprisc, uprise (v.), adveruse, çdas. tise, advise, devise, revise', disguise, supervise, weatherwise. , (ise s. iz in) franchise, affran'chise, enfran'chise, disfran'chise, amor'tise. (ise s. is, in) prom'ise, break'promise, tor'toise, trea'tise, prac'tise, divertise, mor’tise. (ise s. Ise in) paradise, impar'adise, precisé, rise* (n.), concisé. (oise s. oyz in) noise, poise, équipoise, coun'terpoise, overpoise. (aise's áze in) chaise, appraise, dispraise.

-chevaux-de-friese s. shểv-o-de-frèze.

33. ciate, s. sheáte, in glaciate, congláciate, emáciate, depreciate, offi'ciate, provin'ciate, enyn'ciate, annun'ciate, consóciate, (v.), associate (v.), dissóciate, crúciate, excruciate, consociate (n.), associate (n. or adj.)

34 lute, s. lúte, in salute, elúte, dilute, pollute, ab'solute, res'olute, irresoolute, dis'solute.

35. ue is silent in league, colleague, intrigue, fatigue, harangue, pedagogue dem'agogue, syn'agogue, di'alogue, catalogue, prologue, opaque, antique, hur lesque, mosque, &c. (ue s. 8 in) águe, ar gue, val'ue, underval'ue, overval'v ay'eme, rev'enue, ret'inue, contin'ue, discontin'ue, stat’ue, vir'tue, unglúe, (ue 88 in) rue, congrue, true, untrue, construe, miscon'strue, iss'ue, tiss'ue.

36. ive, s. iv, in give, forgive, olive, outlive, evasive, suasive, dissuasive, adhésive, decisive, repulsive, expan'sive, defen'sive, apprehen'sive, pen'sive, osten'sive, explosive, corrosive, subver'sive, extor'sive, pas'sive, transmis'sive, precur'sive, 'abúsive, conclusive, amúsive, vindic'ative, communicative, rec'reative, neg'ative, pal'liative, talk'ative, rel'ative, appel'lative, contem'plative, super'lative, em'ulative, affirm'ative, prepar'ative, demon'strative, disputative, abstrac'tive, disjunc'tive, defin'itive, inquisitive, incep'tive, distrib'utive, dimin utive, &c. (ive s. lve in) five, hive, bee hive, live (adj.), alive, conníve, over drive, derive, deprive, arrive, contrive, revive, connive, survive.

37 before n in the same syllable is silent in imprégn, campaign, champaign, arráign, condign, sov'ereign, for'eign, malign, benign, subsign, design, resign,en'sign, consign, countersign, assign, impugn, propugn, oppúgn, expugn.

38. ing, s. îng, in amazing, dy'ing, say'ing, knowing, deserv'ing, last'ing, writing, bless'ing, hearing, mourning, morn'ing, opening, alarm'ing, chángeling, lord'ling, breathing, accord'ing, understand'ing, build'ing, bid'ding, trading, reading, pleading, leading, facing, piercing, &c.

39. inging, s. îngîn, in cling'ing, fling'ing, ring'ing, spring'ing, stringing, wring'ing, singing, sting'ing, wing'ing, swing'ing, sling'ing, bring'ing:

40. ong, s. ông, in thong, dip'thong, triph'thong, along', ob'long, head'long, end long, belong', side’long, erelong', live'long, prolong', o'verlong, fur'long head'strong, e'vensong (ong s. ủng in) among', amongst.

41. ough, s. 6, in fur'lough, bor'ough, thor'ough, although', (ough s. ow) bough, plough, slough, a deep mire ; (ough s. 8f in) cough, hooping-cough' chin'cough, clough, an allowance in weight; trough. (ough s. ủf in) enough rough, toughough s. 68 in through--ough s. ůp in hic'cough.

42. th, s. th, in death, heath, breath, wreath (n.) path, breadth, zenith, here with', therewith', wherewith', forthwith', forsooth', betroth', az'imuth, &c. (th s. Thin) sheath (v.) unsheath', beneath', underneath', withi, smooth, sooth (v.) mouth (v.)

43. ciał s. shål in spe'cial, judi''cial, benefi'cial, offi'cial, artifi" cial, super fi"cial, provin'cial, social, commer'cial, fidúcial, &c.

44. lial, s. shål, in ini'tial, solsti'tial, substan'ıial, circumstan'tial, creden'tial, den'tial, prudlen'tial, pestilen'tial, reveren'tial, essen'tial, peniten'lial, poten': tial, nuptial, inartial, par tial, impar'tial, &c. (tial, preceded by s, sounds tshèá? in) bes'tial, celes'tial, subceles'tial, superceles'tial.

45. ful, s. fål, in dreadful, need'tul, handful, peace'ful, graceful, changeful, venge'ful, revenge'ful, guileful, tuneful, hopeful, careful, grateful, spiteful, wasteful, wish'ful, faithful, slóthful, plen'tiful, boun’tiful, thank'sul, mournful, won'derful, delight'ful, &c.

* Those words are pronounced according to Waiker,

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