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young sophister doth of the grammar-schoole. He talkes of the University, with that state, as if he were her chancellour; finds fault with alterations, and the fall of discipline, with an, It was not so when i was a stulent; although that was within this hilfe yeare. He will talke ends of Latine, though it be false, with as great confidence, as ever Cicero coulıl pronounce an oration, though his best authors for't be tavernes and ordinaries. He is as farre behinde a courtier in his fashion, as a scholer is behind him : and the best grace in his behaviour, is to forget his acquaintance.
He laughs at every man whose band sits not well, or that hath not a faire sloo-tie, and he is ashamed to be scene in any mans company that weares not his clothes well. His very essence he placeth in his outside, and his chiefest praier is, that his revenues may
hold out for tè ffata cloakes in the summer, and velvet in the winter, For his recreation, he had rather go to a citizens wife, than a bawdy house, onely to save charges : and he holds fee-taile to be absolutely the best tenure. To his acquaintance he offers two quarts of wine, for one he gives. You shall never see him melancholy, but when he wants a new suit, or feares a sergeant : at which times onely, he betakes himselfe to Ploydon. By that he hath read Littleton, he can call Solon, Lycurgus, and Justinian, fooles, and dares compare his law to a Lord Chiefe-Justices.
A meere fellow of an house,
E is one whose hopes commonly exceed
his fortunes, and whose mind soares
above his purse. If he hath read Taci tus, Guicchardire, or Gallo-Belgicus, hce contemnes the late Lord Treasurer, for all the state-policy lie had ; and laughs to think what a foole he would make of Solomon, if hee were now alive. He never weares new clothes, but against a commencement or a good time, and is commonly a degree behind the fashion. He hath sworne to see London once a yeare, though all his businesse be to see a play, walke a turnc in Pauls, and observe the fashion He thinkes it a discredit to be out of debt, which he never likely cleares, without resignation mony. He will not leave his part he hath in the privilege over yong gentlemen, in going bare to him, for the empire of Germany: he prayes as heartily for a healing, as a cormorant doth for a deare yeare: yet commonly he spends that revenue before he receives it.
At mcales, he sits in as great state over his penny-commons, as ever Vitellius did at his greatest banquet: and takes great delight in comparing his fare to my Lord Mayors.
If he be a leader of a faction, he thinks himselfe greater than ever Cesar was, or the Turke at this day is. And he had rather lose an inheritance then an office, when he stands for it.
If he be to travell, he is longer furnishing himselfe for a five miles journcy, then a ship is rigging for a seven yeares voyage.
He is never more troubled, then when hee is to maintaine talke with a gentle-woman : wherein hee commits more absurdities, than a clown in eating of an egge.
He thinkes himselfe as fine when he is in a cleane band, and a new paire of shooes, as any courtier doth, when he is first in a new-fashion.
Lastly, he is one that respects no man in the University, and is respected by no man out of it.
A worthy Commander in the Warres
S one, that accounts learning the nou
rishment of military vertue, and laies
that as his first foundation. He never bloudies his sword but in heat of battel; and had rather save one of his own souldiers, then kill ten of his enemies. He accounts it an idle, vaineglorious, and suspected bounty, to be full of good words; his rewarding therefore of the deserver arrives so timely, that his liberality can never be
said to be gouty-handed. He holds it next his creed, that no coward can be an honest man, and dare die in't. He doth not thinke his body yeelds a more spreading shadow after a victory then before; and when he looks upon his enemies dead body, 'tis with a kind of noble heavines, not insultation; he is 80 honourably mercifull to women in surprizall, that onely that makes him an excellent courtier. He knowes, the hazard of battels, not the pompe of ceremonies, are souldiers best theaters, and strives to gaine reputation, not by the multitude, but by the greatnes of his actions. He is the first in giving the charge, and the last in retiring his foot. Equall toyle hee endures with the common souldier : from his example they all take fire, as one torch lights many. He understands in warre, there is no meane to erre twice; the first, and least fault being sufficient to ruine an army : faults therefore he pardons none; they that are presidents of disorder, or mutiny, repaire it by being examples of his justice. Besiege him never so strictly, so long as the ayre
is not cut from him, his heart faints not. Hee hath learned as well to make use of a victory, as to get it, and in pursuing his enemie like a whirle-wind carries all afore himn; being assured, if ever a man will benefit himselfe upon his foe, then is the time, when they have lost force, wisdome, courage, and reputation. The goodnes of bis cause is the speciall
motive to his valour; never is he knowne to slight the weak’st enemy that comes arın'd against him in the hand of justice. Hasty and overmuch heat he accounts the step-dame to all great actions, that will not suffer them to thrive: if he cannot overcome his enemy by force, he does it by time. If ever he shake hands with war, he can die more calmly then most courtiers, for his continuall dangers have beene as it were so many meditations of death; he thinkes not out of his owne calling, when he accounts life a' continuall warfare, and his prayers then best become hiin when armed cap à pe. Hee utters them like the great IIebrew generall, on horseback. He casts a smiling contempt upon calumny, it meets him as if glasse should encounter adamant. He thinks warre is never to be given ore, but on one of these three conditions : an assured peace, absolute victory, or an honest death. Lastly, when peace folds him up, his silver head should lean neere the golden scepter, and dye in his princes bosome.
A raine-glorious Coward in Command
S one, that hath bought his place, or come.
to it by some noble-mans letter: he loves
a life dead payes, yet wishes they may rather happen in his company by the scurvy, then