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compass, which are not so in a larger, 'tis dealing in many affaires which tries a man.

97. All governments in their constitutions, and in their practice tend to monarchy, and where ever the better sort of people bear rule, there is alwayes some one that resembles a King amongst them; yea, though in their State of Venice, their Duke is as it were a dead name, yet were it impossible that their own wcalth should long withold it selfe without him.

98. Good lawes must be made by a few men and reasonable, and not by a multitude.

99. That a theife shall be punished is God's law; but after what manner, is left to the government of every State.

100. Sir Henry Wotton sending a letter to his maty from Venice, related how the Prince of Conde, sued for the title of Altess from the Synode of Venice, which was refused; the King answered, that the Prince had good reason to sue for the same, and the Seigniory had done ill to deny it him, considering all the world knew how he deserved it; it being his custome to raise himselfe upon every man's tayle he could get upon ; and by that custoine he hoped to see himselfe clevated by the just justice of God, to as high a dignity as the gallows at last.

101. There is noe good fancy in long speeches, for in speaking much it is impossible to shun little errors, therefore short and pithy is the best forme for business.

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102. Wheresoever Kings have many people, they have many friends.

103. My Lord of Bucklew said the border men were not valiant at the first onsett, but after, they proved good men; the King replyed, 'Tis true, borderers fight to live, and not to dye.

104. A man would have thought the invention of guns would have ruined mankind, but God hath made it a meanes to save mens lives, for since that time men have retired themselves within walls, and few sett battailes have been fought.

105. A knowing man is hott in arguing for truths sake; an ignorant man for opinion sake.

106. The Church is to be believed in the interpretation of the Scriptures, but not directly against it, for when it differs from that, 'tis noe longer the church.

107 If a man have committed a publick scandalous sinn, he ought not only to satisfie his conscience with repenting it, but withall to repaire the scandell by professing it.

108. The same sentence with divers relations may be both holy and devilish.

109. Incest is so odious, because there are a few forbidden thee; and all the world beside open for thee.

110. Outward civility, and inward heresie, is harder to be converted to a better religion than an Indian.

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111. Because Christ came, it was enough for the Patriarchs to believe only. Since his coming, we must not only believe, but understand.

112. In disputeing with a Papist, one must maintaine the grounds of Divinity, and sceke to destroy the building upon it; but against Puritans, one must destroy the grounds and maintaine the building; that is to say, the major position is false in the Puritans, and the mynor in the Papists.

113. If God gave not the kingdome of Israel to Saul and his posterity, what tooke he from him upon his offence, for he enjoyed it all his life?

114. The Chancellor Metelyn of Scotland, was suspected by the King to be in conspiracy against him; the King one day called him unto him, telling him how just grounds he had to suspect him, and bad him be more dutyfull hercafter. His answer was, that to his knowledge those attempts intended to be made were nothing but fitt and necessary to be done. The King replyed, if those words you have spoken were uttered by a foole, they were to be laughen at, but being spoken by him, thought a wise man, were worthy of hanging. The Chancellor submitted himselfe hereupon, and dyed within a very few dayes after.

115. There are three kinds of wisdome usual in Kings, a sanctified wisdome, a pollitick wisdome, (which often straines itselfe to a less evill to avoid a

greater) and a wisdome of falshood. The first is both lawfull and necessary, the second is lawfull but not necessary, the third is neither.

116. Colonel Gray coming to him out of Germany in a garb of a soldier, buckl’d up in a buff jerkin, a great belt and a huge sword, and a case of pistolls; the King said, that this towne was so well fortifyed, that if it were well victualled, it seem'd impregnable.

117. My ends are still constant, howsoever my wayes to them may seem to differ according to occasion.

118. There are many things which my selfe would not doe, and yet, in my judgement, think lawfull to be done; but where there is a broadway besides, what need I tread nere the borders of vice.

119. I will not reward any man in matter of justice, for that is not mine, but God's and the people's

120. The art of governing is a deep mistery, and noe man can judge who is fitt to be a King, till he see him one.

121. The people do never esteem truly of the present state, for some thing in it they must mislike whilst it is at present; and yet such and such men either to be good or bad, their censure is almost infalliable. 122. I desire to live no longer than I am ac

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counted an honest and reasonable man, of honest and reasonable men; nor longer to be a King, than I use my power to maintain reason, and not to overthrow it.

123. I will never offer to bring a new custome upon the people without the peoples consent, but only like a good phisitian tell them what is a-miss ; and after, if they will not concur to amend it, yet I have diseharged my part.

124. At Oking, being shewed a gentleman's house, a great part whereof was burn't by the Queens servants when she was entertain'd there, for which the Queen never gave him satisfaction; one said, that if it had been done by a common person, he had been bound to sattisfaction hy law. The King said, whatsoever a private man ought to doe, by law, a King is bound to doe by conscience.

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