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part of his behaviour. He chuscth rather to be counted a spie, then not a politician: and maintaines his reputation by naming great men familiarly. Hee chuseth rather to tell lics, theu not wonders, and talkes with men singly: his discourse sounds big, but meanes nothing: and his boy is bound to admire him howsoever. He comes still from great personages, but goes with mean.
Hce takes occasion to shew jewels given him in regard of his ver. tue, that were bought in S. Martines : and not long after having with a mountbanks method, pronounced them worth thousands, impawneth them for a few shillings. Upon festivall dayes he goes to court, and salutes without resaluting: at night in an ordinary he canvasseth the businesse in hand, and seems as conversant with all intents and plots as if hee begot them. His extraordinary account of men is, first to tell them the ends of all matters of consequence, and then to borrow money of them; he offereth courtesies, to shew them, rather then himselfe, humble. He disdaines all things above his reach, and preferreth all countries before his owne. He imputeth his want and poverty to the ignorance of the time, not his owne unworthinesse : and concludes his discourse with halfe a period, or a word, and leaves the rest to imagination. In a word, his religion is fashion, and both body and soule are governed by fame: he loves most voyces above truth,
A Wise man
S the truth of the true definition of man, that is, a reasonable creature. His dis
position alters, he alters not. He hides himselfe with the attire of the vulgar; and in indifferent things is content to be governed by them. He lookes according to nature, so goes his behaviour. His mind enjoyes a continuall smoothnesse ; so commeth it, that his consideration is alwaies at home. Ile endures the faults of all men silently, except his friends, and to them hee is the mirrour of their actions; by this mcanes, his peace commeth not from fortunc, but himselfe. He is cunning in men, not to surprize, but keep his own, and beates off their ill affected humours, no otherwise than if they were flyes. He chuseth not friends by the subsidybook, and is not luxurious after acquaintance. He maintaines the strength of his body, not by delicates, but temperance: and his mind, by giving it preheminence over his body. He understands things, not by their forme, but qualities; and his comparisons intend not to cxcuse but to provoke him higher. Hee is not subject to casualities; for fortune hath nothing to doe with the inind, except those drowned in the boily: but he hath divided his soule from the case of his soule, whose weaknes he assists 110 other
wise then commiseratively, not that it is his, but that it is. He is thus, and will bee thus : and lives subject neither to time nor his frailties, the servant of vertue, and by vertue, the friend of the highest.
A Noble Spirit
ATH surveied and fortificd his disposi
tion, and converts all occurrents into ex
perience, between which experience and his reason, there is mariage; the issue are his actions. He circuits his intents, and sceth the end before he shoot. Men are the instruments of his art, and there is no man without his use : occasion incites him, none enticeth him: and he mooves by affection, not for affection; he loves glory, scornes shame, and governeth and obeyeth with one countenance; for it comes from one consideration. He cals not the varicty of the world chances, for his meditation hath travelled over them; and his eye mounted upon his understanding, seeth them as things underneath. He covers not his body with delicacies, nor excuseth these delicacies by his body, but teacheth it, since it is not able to defend its own inbecility, to shew or suffer. He licenceth not his weaknesse, to weare fate, but knowing reason to be no idle gift of nature, he is the steeresman of his owne destiny. Truth
is the goddesse, and he takes paines to get her, not to looke like her. Hee knowes the condition of the worlal, that he must act one thing like another, and then another. To these he carries his desires, and not his desires him, and stickes not fast by the way (for that contentment is repentance) but knowing the circle of all courses, of all intents, of all things, to have but one center or period, without all distraction, he hasteth thither and ends there, as his true and naturall element. He doth not contemne fortune, but not confesse her. He is no gamester of the world (which onely complaine and praise her) but being only sensible of the honesty of actions, contemnes a particular profit as the excrement or sciun. Unto the society of men he is a sun, whose clearenesse directs their steps in a regular motion : when he is more particular, he is the wise mans friend, the example of the indifferent, the medicine of the vicious. Thus time goeth not from him, but with him : and he feeles are more by the strength of his soule, then the weaknes of his body; thus feeles he no paine, but estcomes all such things as friends, that desire to file off his fetters, and helpe him out of prison.
An Olde man
S a thing that hath been a man in his
daies. Old men are to be known blind
folded : for their talke is as terrible as their resemblance. They praise their own times as vehemently, as if they would sell them. They become wrinckled with frowning and facing youth; they admire their old customes, even to the eating of red herring, and going wetshod. They call the thumbe under the girile, gravitie; and because they can hardly smell at all, their posies are under their girdles. They count it an ornament of speech, to close the period with a cough ; and it is venerable (they say) to spend time in wiping their criveleu beards. Their discourse is unanswerable, by reason of their obstinacy : their speech is much, though, little to the purpose.
Truths and lyes passe with an equall affirmation : for their memories severall is wonne into one receptacle, and so they come out with one sense. They teach their servants their duties with as much scorne and tyranny, as some people teach their dogs to fetch. Their envy is one of their diseases. They put off and on their clothes, with that certainty, as if they knew their heads would not direct them, and therefore custome should. They take a pride in halting and going stiffely, and