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four at one corner, and four at another, who descended upon the stare, downright perpendicular fashion, like a bucket into a well, but came gently slipping down. These cight, after the sacrifice was ended, represented the eight nuptial powers of Juno Pronuba, who came down to confirin the union. The men were clad in crimson and the women in white; they had every one a white plume of the richest herns' feathers, and were so rich in jewels upon their heads, as was most glorious. I think they hired and borrowed all the principal jewels and ropes of pearl, both in court and city. The Spanish ambassador seemed but poor to the meanest of them. They danced all variety of dances, both severally and promiscue; and then the women took in men, as, namely, the Prince, who danced with as great perfection, and as settled a majesty, as could be devised. The Spanish ambassador, the Archduke's ambassador, the Duke, &c., and the men, gleaned out of the Queen, the briile and the greatest of the ladies."*

After the ceremony it was thought proper to sepitrate the youthful pair till they had arrived at riper years. The young Earl was sent on his travels, while the bride remained at court with her mother, a lady whose indifferent morals rendered her totally unfit for such a charge. The Countess of Essex was suffered to mix at this early age in all the vanities and temptations of a profligate court; the danger of which measure was heightened by her acknowledged beauty, which soon constituted her the idol of

* Mr. Pory to Sir Robert Cotton, Jan. 1606, in Bishop Goodman's Court of James the First, vol. ii. p. 125.

general admiration, and the object of amorous aildresses.

In the mean time, after an absence of three or four years, her husband returned to Englanıl, full of natural cagerness to beholl the young and beautiful creature whom he was to claim as his wife. But so far was the lady from sharing his anxiety, that she had engaged her affections to another, and regarded with the utmost horror the prospect of passing her days with the homely Essex. Among her admirers she reckoned the favourite Somerset, and Ilenry the heir to the throne.* The Prince had been from the beginning extremely jealous of the favours which his father had heaped upori his pampereel minion, aml liis antipathy was not diminished, when on their becoining candidates for the favours of the same ladly his rival proved successful.

Essex, discovering that his person and matrimonial claims were treated with disdain, applied to the

* The authors who have asserted the fact of the prince's passion for Ladly Essex are Wilson, Sandlerson (the writer of Aulicus Coquinariic) and Sir Simouds D'Ewes. Ou the other hand Sir Charles Cornwallis, who was the prince's treasurer, assures us, that Henry never showed à particular inclination to any of the ladies of the Court. See Birch's Life of Prince Henry, 8vo. 1760, p. 102.

† A great enmity certainly subsisted between Sumerset and the Prince, whatever were the grounds of it. “Some that knew the bickerings between the Prince and the Viscount muttered uut dark sentences that durxt not look into the light; especially, Sir Jaines Elphington, who, (observing the Prince one day to be discontented with the Viscount) offered to kill him: but the Prince reproved him with a gallant spirit, saying, If there were cause he would do it himself.'"- Wilson's Life and Reign of James I. 1653.

father of his bride to prevail on her to consummate the marriage. But the first principles of virtue in the Countess being undermined, her mind revolted at the idea of retiring with her husband to his seat in the country, or residing with him on conjugal terms.

“A belief in the arts of necromancy is well known to have characterised this ace; a creed which had the king himself for its patron, and rooted superstition for its source. Nay, there is little doubt but many practised and studied it from a confidence in its efficacy, and thus had really dealings with the Prince of Darkness, as far as the gross impicty and turpitude of such attempts could place them in connexion with him."

The dilemma in which the Countess was now placed, suggested the idea of applying to some black magician of the day, in order to divert the affection of her husband from her, debilitate his body, and heighten and enflaine the illicit passion of Somerset. She found a willing assistant in Anne Turner, doctor of physic's widow, a woman whom prodigality and looseness had brought low; yet her pride wonkl make her fly any pitch, rather than fall into the jaws of want."* This woman introduced her to Dr. Forinan, of Lambeth, a reputed wizard, one of those

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* Mrs. Turner was remarkable for her great beauty, and for the introduction of the “starched yellow rull." When Coke, the Lord Chicf Justice, sentenced her to death for her share in the murder of Overbury, he alıed the strange oriler, that as she was the person who had brought yellow starched ruffs into vogue, she should be hanseri in that dress, that the same inigit enil in shame and detestation." Even the hangman who executed this unfortunate woman was decorated with yellow ruff's on the occasion.

singular compounds of science anil knavery of whom the age boasted many. After being made acquainted with the nature of the case, the magician commenced liis spells, and produced several little waxen images, inten«leil to represent Somerset, the Earl of Essex, and the Countess herself, assuming a power of working upon them by these forms sympathetically.* He dispensed also his philtrous doses, to be all

There is a wood-cut of Mrs. Turner attached to her dying speech and confession, preserved in the Library of the Antiquarian Society. She was executeil at Tyburn, 15th November, 1613, and according to the authority of a by. stanvier (Bishop Gourman's Memoirs, vol. ii. p. 116), died a true penitent. Nicol., in bis charming poein of “Overbury's Vision,” 1016, thus eulogises her :

"The roses on her lovely checks were deadl;
The carth's pale colour hal all overspread
Her sometime lively look ; and cruel Death,
Coming untimely with his wintry breath,
Blasted the fruit, which, cherry-like, in show,
Upon her dainty lips did wliilon grow.
() how the cruel com chid ini-become
Her comely neck! and yet ky law's just doom
Had been her death. Those lucks, like gollen threaul,
That used in youth to enshrine her globe-like head,
Hung careless down ; and that delightful limb
Her snow-white nimble hanel, that used to trinn
Those tresses up, now spitefully did tear
And rend the saine ; nor did she now forbear
To beat that breast of more than lily white
Which sometime was the bed of sweet delight.
From these two springs where joy diil whilor dwell,
Griet's pearly drops upon her pale cheek fell."

The Death of Edward VI, was said to have been coin. passeil "boy witchcraft and tigures of wax." The practice of attempting to destroy the lives of indiviiluals by such processes, was formerly not uncommon. Dubenek, in his • Volkslauben des Deutschen Mittelalters, ii. 20-28, has a curivus chapter on this subject. Secal:- Thoms' Aneulotes and Tralitions, printed by the Camden Society, 1839.

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ministered to the respective parties; and Mrs. Turner having an inclination for Sir Arthur Manwaring, a gentleman of the Prince's household, some of the love-powder was secretly aclministered by her intervention to him, by the effect of which they believed he was made to ride fifteen miles in a dark night, through a storin of rain and thunder, to visit her. The Countess however was creilulous as to the operation of these doses on her own husband, and on Somerset, and observed with admiration their effects, "although," as Mr. Kemp observes, “the licentious passion of the one which she encouraged, and her coldness towar is the other, were quite sufficient to fan the lawless flame on one side, and extinguish conjugal affection on the other, without the aid of the Siilrophel of Lambeth."

The Earl of Essex, however, now beginning too plainly to observe the misdirected inclination of his wife, interfered once more with her father, to point out to her the obedience due to him as a husband, and, fortified by his authority, removed his Countess to his seat at Chartley, in Staffordshire, one hundred miles from the court.

On her arrival there, she affected to be overcome with a deep melancholy, refused all society whatever with the Earl, shut herself up in her chamber with her female attendants, and stirred out only in the dead of the night.

In the mean tiine, she continued to receive and administer Forman's dainable compositions to her husband, by means of her corrupteil agents.* He,

Simon Forman, the wizard and astrologer, though

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