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formed from eight to ten inches thick, and amidst the trackless wilds of Melville Island. quantity as to remove all those symptoms of therefore, the crews were forced to cut a A little mound was erected to his memory, scurvy which had begun to make their appassage for three miles through the ice. in a region which had never before been pearance among the crew. The ice in Wine
The 26th of September, in short, had ar. seen by any civilized beings, nay, the soil ter Harbour was also beginning to dissolve rived before they were fixed in their winter of which has, to all appearance, been but rapidly and by the end of July it had entirequarters in five fathoms water, and within rarely visited by a few casual wanderers, ly disappeared. Yet the ships were still about 200 yards from the shore. The lat. from the most forlorn and isolated tribes of quite blocked up by the exterior ice. It of this harbour, (if we recollect rightly, the human race.
was not till the 30th, that the outside ice named Winter Harbour,) is 74 deg. N. and When the sun had its greatest southern began to crack: on the 31st of July it moved and long. 111 deg. W. Hitherto they had declination, a twilight was perceptible at off very gently, and released the crews from never lost sight of a continuous barrier of noon in the southern horizon, affording suffi- their winter prison, where they had bea ice to the southward, that is, from W. long. cient light to read a book with difficulty. shut up for 310 days. 90 deg. to the extreme of Melville Island. The day was like the fine clear evening. On the 6th of August they reached the
Every thing was soon made snug for the of winter in our climate. The stars shone western extremity of Melville Island, situ. formidable winter of these regions. The with great brilliancy, and when the moon ted, we believe, in long. 114. W, where the officers and crews formed various plans for appeared in the firmament she shone with a ice was found to be very thick and imper. passing the dreary days, or rather nights of beauty and splendour unknown in the more meable. From this island new land was od. the polar regions. Plays were performed southern and temperate regions of the served to the south-west, estimated to be by the officers for their own amusement and globe. The northern lights appeared fre- 20 leagues distant; so that they may be that of the crews; and we are told, that a quently, generally of a yellow colour, some said to have seen land as far west as long melo-drama was written, having for its ob- times green, but rarely red, and most com- 118. Many attempts were made to reach ject the probable success of the expedition, monly towards the south-west. It was re- this interesting Terra Incognita, but in vain and their ultimate return to their friends, marked, that this brilliancy was seldom so and the commander and his admirable cres through Behring's Straits, after having great as in our country; no noise was ever were, with feelings of the deepest regrein planted the British Aag in countries which heard to proceed from them, and the mag- forced to return, owing to the vast barrieta had eluded the bold and fearless darings of netic needle did not appear to be affected of ice. a Davis and a Baffin.
| by their presence. But we long to know if Having failed in this atteinpt to reach the
they were visible the whole day-and what south-western land, and the winter agala November. The thermometer was below were their various forms and motions, and approaching, the vessels now sailed directly Zero of Fahrenheit's scale, when the expe. transparency. The sun reappeared on the eastwards, through the Polar Sea, and dition entered Winter Harbour. In the 3d of February, after an absence of 83 days; Barrow Straits, Into Sir month of November, the spirit of wine and those only who have suffered the priva- | Sound, thence into Baffin's Bay, and y thermometer was 50. below Zero, and in tion of “its glorious light,” can feel and tell the usual track homewards. February, the coldest month of these re- the raptures with which the crews hailed In their progress among the islands, the gions, the spirit of wine pointed to the tre- the first glimpse from the mast head. They officers shot a few rein-deer, ptarmigan, and mendous cold of 54 and 55 below Zero. had calculated the exact period of its retorn hares.,—and the howls of the wolf were bera During these intense colds, our adventurous and were anxiously looking for it from the frequently in Melville Island. Several countrymen felt but little inconvenience so main top.
oxen were killed; and, we are informed, the long as they remained under the housing In April, some partial symptoms of thaw crews considered it, atte of their ships. A slight covering for the lappeared. By the end of May, pools and macerated, to get rid of the musay". ears, and a shawl round the neck, were streams of water made their appearance, as preferable eating to that of the rein-deer, considered as sufficient protection against and shortly after, regular thaw commenced.
One of the sailors who had ventured beyoza the most intense degree of cold; but when Nearly about this time, Capt. Parry, with
his companious in search of the reindeer, the atmosphere was agitated by gales of a party of his officers and men, crossed Mel
returned to the ship with all his fingers frost wind, then the cold became truly dreadful ville Island and reached the sea on the op
bitten from carrying bis musket too long and insupportable, and every one was posite side, in lat. 75. N. where they disco
When the fingers were plunged int forced to seek shelter below. Neverthe-vered another island. They were fourteen
water, ice was formed on its surface,
for half a1 less, scarcely any accident occurred from days absent, and, we have heard, made ma
this continued to be the case for ha exposure to cold; while the constant and ny curious observations on the forms of the
hour afterwards, as often as the fingers regular exercise, which formed a necessary hills and mountains of this island, collecting Punge comes part of thc duty of the crews, kept every witbal, very extensively, specimens of all its “Barse one lively, and active, and free from disease. vegetables, animal and mineral productions From Lancaster Sound to a One death only took place during the expe- The remains of an enormous whale was the compass, we understand, wa dition, and that was in the case of an indi. I found far inland and a few huts, intimating | be totally useless-a circumstance Lanthe vidual who had contracted the disease of the presence of man, were discovered by | to the commanders no other 5
de died, before he left England. some of the party. Vegetation had now be- heavenly bodies and the trend of poor fellow reposes in a solitary grave, I come active; and sorrel was found in such | thus at once presenting the striking of
+ Sound to Melville Island,
derstand, was found to
cumstance which left
e trend of the land; the striking spectacle
of modern navigatorstracking the ocean with Sound, along the west coast of Baffin's Bay | And though the light-winged breeze no more
Wafts the rich sweets of Summer's store, out the compass, as was done by the mari- and Davis' Straits, to Cape of God's Mercy, Though Autumn's scene no more beguiles, hers of old. We cannot, indeed, conceive and from this point through the great inlet
My cot is warni, and Sarah smiles.
Then, Winter come! thy storms and rain ci more striking scene than that of our dis- at the head of Hudson,s Bay, or through Beat on this happy roof in vain :
The shivering blast, and leafless tree, pvery ships forcing their solitary course Cumberland Strait, may be a great island,
Have charms for Sarah and for me. hrough unknown regions, surrounded with whose western boundary may be in a line Then what avail thy wind and storm, ugged, dreary, and desolate wastes, in the drawn from Foxes Farthest to Prince Re.
That Nature's withering face deform,
If Fancy's brisk and sportive lay sidst of the most appalling dangers, and gent's Inlet.- From Blackwood's Magazine.
Awake to Pleasure's willing sway;
If the quick jest and lively song ieprived of the use of the compass.
Bid the slow night move blithe along ? The Hecla was forced into Leith Roads The Naturalist's Diary,
For then thy glooms, and leafless tree,
Have charms for Sarah and for me. af stress of weather-a circumstance which
For DECEMBER, 1820.
Thus, when the bloom of youth is dead, fforded us an opportunity of conversing
And Fancy's frolic hours are fled,
Tranquil, and free from passion's rage, with the officers, and of furnishing our read. What time the once unnoticed tide
I'll meet the hoary frost of age.
Then, Winter, come! these blessings bring : ers, from the recollection of their most in What time the fields are frequent strown
I sigh not for the gaudy Spring : eresting conversations, with this narrative,
With scattered leaves of yellow brown;
So shall thy glooms, and leafless tree,
Have charms for Sarah and for me. hich, although very brief, will be found, And, touch'd by frost, the ripen & sloe
Less crudely tastes; and when the sheep
The flowers mentioned as continuing in blow in se veature to say not inaccurate.
Together in the valleys keep;
January, of course afford their beauties in this From the preceding narrative, and other And all the smaller birds appear
month. Evergreens, firs, ivy, laurel, and that most In flocks, and mourn the altered year;
beautiful plant tbe arbutus, rich in flowers and stails in our possession, it appears,
The careful rústic marks the signs
fruit at the same time, serve to enliven the dreary
Of Winter-marks them and repines. 1.That Capt.Parry has discovered an openRain and wind are now extremely prevalent;
December. e into the Arctic Ocean, from Baffin's Bay. and, as the frost seldom sets iu till the latter end of his ceaseless song, and has often afforded the poet
Our old winter companion, the cricket, chirps 2. That continuous land extends along the month, December may be reckoned the most
song, and bas often afforded the poe deckoned the most an opport
an opportunity of celebrating his praises. Vincent unpleasant of the whole ver e north side of Sir James Lancosta e dorth side of Sir James Lancaster's ever, November is better entitled to this appella
Bourne's Latin Avacreontie is, perhaps, one of the
best modern poems on this subject. It is thus Sund, and Barrow's Strait, to long. 93. W. tion, and ice and snow contribute to give to Christ.
translated by ihe Rev. Thomas Cole, author of the
which form d that, beyond this, onward to Melville | the usual character of this season.
form“ Life of Hubert," and other pleasing poems. land, the land appears not continuous, but Now Christmas revels in a world of snow,
TO THE CRICKET.
Sprightly Cricket, chirping still,
Merry music, short and shrill;
In my kitchen take thy rest
As a truly welcome guest; a westerly direction, to Prince Regent's! And gems, with icicles the sheltering eaves.
For no evils shall betide slet, the land is continuous: beyond this
Those with whom thou dost reside.
Nor shall thy good-omened strain det land extends for a considerable way to herb, an unvarying death-like torpor oppresses
E'er salute my ear in vain.
With the best I can invent,
I'll requite the compliment; this extends onward to the lofty mountain of the year.
Like thy sonnets, I'll repay
Little sonnets, quick and gay.
Thou, a harmless inmate deemed, Isiand.
And by housewives much esteemed, or actually no longer exist, except in the unformed
Wilt not pillage for thy diet, 3. That the land seeu to the northward, rudiments of a future progeny. Many of the birds Nor deprive us of our quiet; and quadrupeds,* are retired to concealments, from
Like the horrid rat voracious, stending from Barrow's Straits and Melwhich not even the calls of hunger can force them;
Or the lick'rish mouse sagacious; Ile Island, appears to be a groupe of islands; and the rest, intent only on the preservation of a joyless
Like the herd of vermin base,
Or the pilf'ring reptile race: at the land on the north side of Barrow's life, have ceased to exert those powers of pleasing, which, at other seasons, as much contribute to their
But content art thou to dwell trait, named by Capt. Parry, North Devon, mutual happiness as to the amusement of their
In thy chimney-corner cell;
There, unseen, we hear thee greet probably an island, being separated from huinan sovereign.
Safe, and snug, thy native heat. Man, at this season, should be peculiarly impressest Greenland by some of the sounds at
Thou art happier, happier far, ed with the advantages which he enjoys over the
Than the happy grasshopper, e top of Baffin's Bay; and that, probably, other portions of animated nature; i he pleasures Who, by nature, doth partake
of social life, of domestic happiness, of intellectual est Greenland itself may prove to be al
Something of thy voice and make. st Greenland itself way prove to be a enjoyments are all reserved for him; and, at no
Skipping lightly o'er the grass, eat island, separated from the islands, in time of the year, is he so much in need of these
As her sunny minutes pass,
For a summer month, or two, e line we have just mentioned, by some blessings as in the Winter, when all nature is, as it were, spread out in ruins before bim. How few are
She can sing, and sip the dew; the openings at the head of Baffin's Bay. sensible of these exquisite pleasures ! how few are
But at Christmas, as in May,
Thou art ever brisk and gay ; 4. Either that the land observed to the grateful for them!
Thy continued song we hear,
Trilling, thrilling, all the year.
Ev'ry day and ev'ry night
Bring to thee the same delight;
Winter, summer, cold, or hot, ast of islands skirting the north coast of That saw meek Spring her blossoms rear, And lead along the infant year;
Late, or early, matters not ; america, or that some of the masses of
Mirth and music still declare
Have charms for Sarah and for me. and may be projecting points of the great
Thou art ever void of care.
Whilst with sorrows, and with fears, cnerican continent. • As the frog, lizard, badger, hedgehog, &c. The
We destroy our days and years ; m e in all neobebility
Thou, with constant joy and song, 5. Finally, That, in all probability, the the bat is found in caverns, barns, &c. suspended by the
Ev'ry minute dost prolong, claws of its hind feet, and closely enveloped in the Making thus thy little span Ad extending from Prince Regent's Inlet, membranes of the fore feet. Dormice, squirrels, waterrats, and field-mice, provide a large stock of food for
Longer than the age of man. tough Barrow's Straits and Lancaster the winter sonson.
(To be concluded in our nest.)
LORD ULLIN'S DAUGHTER.
A chieftain to the Highlands bound,
Cries, “ Boatman, do not tarry ! And I'll give thee a silver pound,
Ta row us o'er the ferry." “ Now who be ye, would cross Lochgyle,
This dark and stormy water?" “Oh! I'm the Chief of Ulva's isle,
And this Lord Ullin's daughter. And fast before her father's men
Three days we've fled together ; For should he find us in the glen,
My blood would stain the heather, · His horsemen hard behind us ride;
Should they our steps discover, Then who will cheer my bonny bride
When they have slain her lover?” Outspoke the hardy Highland wight,
“ I'll go, my Chief; I'm ready: It is not for your silver bright,
But for your winsome lady:
In danger shall not tarry;
I'll row you o'er the ferry."
The water-wraith was shrieking ;
Grew dark as thcy were speaking. But still as wilder blew the wind,
And as the night grew drearer, Adown the glen rode armed men,
Their trampling sounded nearer. “Oh! haste thee, haste! the lady cries,
Though tempests round us gather ;
But not an angry father.”
A stormy sea before her ;
The tempest gather'd o'er her.
Of waters fast prevailing ;
His wrath was chang'd to wailing.
His child he did discover :
And one was round her lover.
“ Across this stormy water:
My daughter! O my daughter!”
Return or aid preventing :
And he was left lamenting.
PARODY ON GRAY'S ODE,
Was fond of a chair, took a coach to the play,
| And swoon'd if the horses were not dapple grey;
She gave to all beggars that begged with devotion ; 'Twas on the pavement of a lane,
And misconstruing the Bible, which better would teach Where a hard shower of soaking rain '
her, Had made a pretty mess;
She saved all she could for a Methodist preacher.
When Christmas came round, and the bills were brought
I found myself ruin'd, and scarec worth a pin.
By sipping the creature a dropsy she got,
She died and was buried, and then was forgot. His powder'd head, his silken hose,
Before all my mourning waxed old, I looked round, The dashing buckles on his toes,
And soon an old maid to my fancy I found; Seem'd suited for a Court;
One who always exclaimed against figuring away, The muslin round a padding rollid,
Yet powdered her hair, as it rather grew grey ;
In chests she had hoarded some clothes and some pizz, In which he kept his chin from cold,
Tho' the plate was obscure and the clothes out of dait, Was of the finest sort.
Her boxes contain'd some desirable things
Old buttons, old seals, old watches, old rings: He trod on slow; but, midst the tide,
Money too she had saved by withholding good cheer, A brewer's dray was seen to glide,
Yet injured her stomach by drinking small beer. Unmindful of the mud;
Thank fortune! I cried, here's a wife to my mind, Before which stalk'd, with steps quite bold,
Who is prudent and chaste, sentimental and kind,
To recover the world I shall now soon be able, Two high-fed steeds of beauteous mold,
I never shall see much profusion at table; The pride of Whitbread's stud.
But mark how the Devil opposed all my scheme,
She was troubled with vapours and haunted with dreich, The splashing made on every side,
She always had wind in her stomach, and took
Such drugs as she saw in a cookery book.
A Doctor was always attending her room,
My bed smelt of ointment, my drawers of perfume :
In dozens the vials and gallipots came,
Now the lap dog was sick, now the monkey was lane;
By every old woman she would be advised, At length, poor youth! he made a stop,
And sent for each med'cine she saw advertised;
But the quacks with their powerful med'cine filled her And would have got into a shop;
So much, that, though tough as a thong, they soon kilde] But, ah! the door was shut!
• her. When, lo! the advanc'd procession greets
Till I married again, foolish, I had no rest,
I went to a lady who lived in the west,
One whose ancestors had figured much in the field,
As appeared by an helmet and rusty old shield; He swore, and called the drayman wight,
But tiine, which all things here below will decay,
Had frittered her rag of a fortune away,
And weary of serving a fickle relation,
She married, but could hardly brook, with her station
That pride which her poverty long had kept under
Broke out, and she rattled like hail or like thunder Alas! no Hercules was nigh,
My family failings she heightened and toldTo give Narcissus aid!
Should a woman of pedigree e'er be control'd ? Then, all ye bucks, who walk the street,
She call'd me a scrub, and took it quite ill,
When I chid her for losing large sums at quadrille. So spruce, so buxom, and so neat,
A general rummage she made of my things, Learn this sad tale by reading,
My plate was old-fashion'd, and trumpery my rings, To keep at home on rainy days,
Yet my house with some things, as superfluous, TV
stock'd, Lest you should meet with any drays,
When with bargains the Jews and the jewellers facta
She order'd my furniture all to be sold,
Such whimsies surprised me, till once to her face,
A friend gave a hint 'twas a family case;
That her mother for madness Monro had long tried Four wives I have had, believe me, my friend,
Till she languish'd some years, till in Bedlam she dite
Three years in distraction' I hurried about,
I swallowed my spittle, and durst not speak out;
Some chapter in Job I perused o'er and o'er; Who seemed to be fashion'd like Venus above ;
I smiled when she frown'd, and look'd kind when she She was tall and genteel, had read Grandison o'er,
swore. And wrote such a hand as I ne'er saw before ;
One morning I found, with a cord from the shelf, Could dance like an opera-girl, and could play
She had ventured to make a long I of herselt;
I sent for a Doctor, who lived at a distance,
To come with all speed, and to give her assistance.
He came, and with much solemn gravity told; But all kitchen business she let run to ruin,
He could do her no good, for her body was cold; She minded not washing, nor baking, nor brewing;
The shock was so great that I instantly swore,
After so much ill luck, I would marry no mo
Butler to Miss Jane Going.
By the papers, I see Mr. Butler has carried
His suit to Miss Going, to whom he is married.
But, methinks the said papers have made a mistake,
Which I wish to set right for Miss Jane Going's sake
The bride left the place, and the marriage was done :
She was no longer Going; in fact, she was gone. 1. For eyer to Bath, or to Tunbride, was flaunting ;
Liverpoola - .
five intelligence, obscured and darkened, or of nobler | But I feel I am jojuring the cause of Ibis institution
impulse, more miserably perverted. The mind of when I view it either in the light of temporal policy, Vide “ Mr. Mathews at Home."
Ireland has by no means hitherto bad fair develop- or temporal fame. Yes, though I am convinced ment. Acute, but inactive; magoificent, but not that the most permanent foundations of a people's
cultivated; the passing stranger beholds the people prosperity are only to be laid in the popular civiliDear Cousin, I write this in haste, To beg you will get for mamma
as he does their country, with admiration it is true, zation; though I am convinced that crime decreases,
but still with mousuful admiration, at their neglected and jodustry advances in exact proportion to the A pot of best Jassan ine paste, And a pair of shoe buckles for • Pa,'
graudeur and their unproductive lovelivess! It has progress of kuowledge, still I acknowledge in your At Exeter Change: then just pop
been to little purpose that the genius of the nation ambition a much nobler object, jo comparison of Into Aldersgate-street for the prints;
has occasionally burst the bondage that enthralled it; wbich the fame and wealth and dignities of this And while you are there you can stop
that Nature, as it were to vindicate herself, has shot world are but as the rainbow's gem, that sparkles For a skeine of white worsted at Flint's.
some spirit of light athwart ihe gloom, in whose lus- and disappears. Ob! you are right, when lighting Papa wants a new razor-strop,
tre the land became for a moment visible; it was up the torch of knowledge, to jovoke no flame but And mamma wants a Chinchelli muff;
but for a moment, and the cloud it touched scarcely that of heaven to illumine it. The ligbts of earth Little Bobby's in want of a top,
retained a tioge of the profitless phenomenon. There are transient and uncertain; vapours that only dazzle And my aunt wants six pen'orth of snuff.
was no perinanent source whence its radiance could to mislead, and shine the brightest on the eve of Just call in St. Martin's le Grand For some goggles for Mary (who squints)
be fed ; and ihe mere glimmerings of uoassisted na their extinction: but the beam of heaven is steady Get a pound of bees-wax in the Strand,
ture struggled but faiutly through the denseness of and eteroal; it enters the soul; it expands and ra. And the skeine of white worsted at Flint's. the atmosphere. To rescue the country from this rifies, and lifts it to a region wbere human vanity And while you are there you may stop
fuul disgrace; to dispel the mist of barbarism and has no voice, and human splendours are but darkness. For some Souchong in Monument-yard;
iguorance, with their attendant train of vices and of You are right in making the Bible the primer of the And while you are there you can pop
crimes; to elevate the peasantry from vice and su. ivfant; place it ia bis band by day; place it on his Ioto Marybone-street for some lard;
perstition to a moral practice and an holy contem- pillow by night. Full of glorious thought and And while you are there you can call
plation, your iustitution has been founded. A glo- glowing images, it will inspire the fancy, full of Por some silk of the latest new tints,
rious work, and wortlıy of a Christian! A work noble sentiment and virtuous precept, it will form At the mercer's, not far from Whitehall;
characterized by the most glowing benevolence, and the principles; full of holy zeal aud beavenly inspiAnd remember the worsted at Flint's.
not less replete, even in a worldy sense, with the ration, it will guide, exalt, and purify the faith; and And while you are there, 'twere as well
wisest and the soundest policy; for you may depend it is a wise philosophy which associates it with that If you call in Whitechapel, to see
upon it, thal, sooner or later, national good caunot season whose impressions fade not even in nature's For the needles; and then in Pall Mall
fail to Avw from a moral regeneration. The sobri. winter. When the daring infidel interposes its mysFor some lavender-water for me : And while you are there you can go
ety, the temperance, the good faith, the industry, teries, in order to rob those children of their morals, To Wapping, to old Mr. Clint's;
naturally consequent upon early culture, will in ask bim, What is this world but a mystery: Who But all this you can casily do,
lime, “ like a rich stream, run back and hide their can tell how nature performs her simplest operaWhen you get the white worsted at Flint's. fuuutain." The principles of freedom, by being tions? Ask bim to tell you how the flower acquires I send in this parcel, from Bet,
better understood, will become, of course, more its perfume, the eagle his vision, or the comet its An old spelling-book to be bound,
fondly cherished; the impolicy, as well as the im- resplendence? Ask him to tell you how those gloA cornelian brooch to be set,
piety of crime, by being more clearly prored, will rious plagets roll around us in their lucid circle, or And soine razors of Pa's en be ground.
be, of course, more sedulously avoided. An educated how that miraculous order is maintained which holds o dear! what a memory have I !
slave, an educated criminal, are moral contradictions. throughout creation, even from the minutest worin Notwithstanding all Deborah's hints,
Tu the very dawn of knowledge, the phantoms that that grovels in the dust, up to the pinion that plays I've forgotten to tell you to buy
affright, and the vices thai despoil us, gradually amid the lightning? These all are mysteries, and A skeine of white worsted at Flint's.
disappear; and it is only when its light has vanish- yet we see ihem; and surely we may trust the word ed, that you find ignorance and superstition crawling of him, who, io his own good time, will teach us
from their cavern, and amid spectral shapes and their solution. Meanwhile, amid the bigot's cant, MR. PHILIPS'S SPEECH,
horned apparitions, taking their incubus station and the polemic's railing, suffer those little cbildren | Delivered at the Annual Meeting of the London Hi- upon the bosom of society, If truths like these to come unto the Lord. They will bless you with bernian School Society, held in the Town Hall of Sligo,
needed an example, all history is eloquent on the their lips, in their lives, and in their deaths; the
subject. No barbarous country ever rose to grert. God to whom you have turned them will bless you; Ireland, in the Month of October, 1820.)
ness and continued barbarous. No peasantry ever the country to which you have restored them will
yet became educated without becoming compara. bless you; and should your own little ones ever SIR,I have very great pleasure in acceding to lively virtuous; the spirit of inquiry consequent mourn a parent, the Great Spirit will recollect the the request of your zealous Secretary, and proposing upon literature, and the spirit of genuine freedom, deed, and surely save them from the perils of their a resolution of congratulation on the success of this have been in general co existent, and flourished and orphanage. In the discharge, then, of this sacred Institution, aod of approbation of the sacred priuci-decayed together. Turn your eyes to Athens in the duty, which you have voluntarily undertaken, listen plas on which it has been founded. I confess, that ancieut time, the temple alike of liberty and letters, not to the imputation of any onworthy motive; reustil I perused the report with which he was su po- the seat of the arts, the mount of the Muses, the member that calumuy is the shadow of merit, and lite as to furnish me, 'I had a very imperfect idea of immortal shrine of all that could constitute the bea that though it ever follows, it never overtakes it. the value of this institution, or of the great gratitude then's immortality, where even battle smoothed bis Were the solitary charge which hostility bas Aung which we owe to our generous English brethren, rugged front, and the warrior's sword was garlanded on you even true, it is in my mind, under your cir. wbo have so nobly and disinterestedly established it with roses ! Bebold her now! her sages silent, and cumstances, not a crime, but a virtue. You use nu a noogst us. It is an emanation of that glorious her temples fallen; an Ottoman slave enthroned weapon but the bloodless gospel; you assume no spirit which has spread their name among the pa. amid her ruius, and a degenerate people crouchiog armour but the nakedness of truth; and in a good tious of the earth; and made that oame synonymous to the Turk, even, ob shame! even within sight of cause, and with an earnest conviction, I would rawith every virtue. I had no idea that no less a Marathon! Yet there, wbere Mabomet now revels ther court than avoid this accusation of proselytism. pumber than fifty-eight thousand of the iufant pu. in contented ignorance, Socrates was heard and Solon The foreign and pious potentate who made the pulation of this kingdom, including two thousand legislated, and echo listened to the thunder of De-charge should be the very last to utter it; for dechildren of our own country, who now crowd this mosthenes. Look in our own day to a part of our based, as I admit and deplore that the Irish peasant hall with pious gratitude, were thus gratuitously I own empire, the once neglected Scotland; the coun- politically is, still he and his predecessors, as far as in seceiving from them tbe blessed fruits of education try from whose lake and moor and mountain the theni lay, have left him illiterate, imbruled, and deand religion. How gratifying it is to turu from the imperial conqueror strode without a thought. What based; fallen in his meutal debusement even below abomioable and infernal perjuries by which the pub. is she at this day? A land of less crime, because of | ibe level of his political degradation. But the ace lic miud is now hourly polluted, and the public ( more intelligence, than any in the world: wherever cusation is untrue. You have not borrowerl even a heart afflicted, and the public morals insulted, to her oame is mentioned, literature hails it; wherever | rag from the establishment; the word ascendancy the coutemplation of such a subject! Fifty-eight her people tread, temperance and industry, attest is not heard within your walls. You have studiously thousand children, raised from the coire of ignorance their presence; a primeval piety consecrates her excluded every book of controversy. You have reand superstition; redeemed from a state of almost church ; peace aod plenty meet upon her plains, jected no one on account of his creed, and yon have brate barbarism, and led througb the temple of aud the laurel, which her genius and her heroism invited the scrutiny of every pastor of every persuaknowledge even to the very altar of God, is a spec has won, is intertwined witb the palm-leaf of an sion; you have introduced the Bible, upspotted by cicle which I envy pot the man who can behold immaculate morality. Let Scotland then, even if a single pen of this world. You have allowed the
ithout enthusiasm. In this country it borrows she stood alone, prove the advantage of an educated sainis, the sages, and the martyrs of Christianity to rom circumstances even au adventitious interest, peasantry; and should the sceptic awake not at her unrol with their own bands the records of their wisje surely there never was a country more ripe for voice, may the spirit of Burns pass across bis sluin- don, their sanctity, and their fortitude. You have
exhibition; never was there a land more full of ber, and burst upon him in the blaze of its refutation. I expunged the comment whether of council or syood,
or conclave, or convocation, and left the sacred his- | kins are almost the only things raised by the native Ameri
cans for themselves and cattle; but the English are not the miracles, the sufferings, and the triumphs of the fond of their Indian corn bread. The corn is considered gospel, from the conception to the Cross! Sir, if very good for horses, pigs, &c. so are the pumpkins, which
TO THE EDITOR. grow to a very large size: they make excellent pies, and this produce proselytes, such conversion can bave
are often preserved, by cutting them in slices and drying its origio only in the truth. In one sense, indeed,
them, for winter use. Apple and peach trees are not yet SIR, -The following very interesting remarks I have you do profess to proselytize, but it is from vice 10
come to perfection, but grow very well. A few miles from the pleasure to copy from “ Kirby's Entomology; 07, kle. virtue, from idleness to industry, from ignorance to us, in the state of Indiana, apple and peach trees were
us, in the state of Indiana, apple and peach trees were very monts of the Nalural History of Insects ;" and, bar og knowledge, froin sin to salvation. Go on then, and plentiful: as we came through the country, we were once a firm conviction that it will be perused with satisfacmay prosperity attend you, and when your enemies offered five bushels of peaches for a dollar, not quite 11d. tion and improvement, by the generality of your reta. are clamorous, be your only answer tbis " Behold. per bushel. I have got about 20 peach-trees, and shall have ders. I earnestly request you will have the goodness to fifty-eight thousand subjects restored to the state;
100 apple-trees to plant in an orchard in my land in a few give it as early a place as possible in your veryamucing behold 6 fty-eight thousand sools introduced to their days. The native Americans are an idle set of people; those publication, and you will copfer a favour on one who is
who live around us here subsist principally by hunting; but Redeemer !!" Proceed and prosper. Let the sacred
Yours, very respectfully, the country round us being now more settled, many of them
· A' CONSTANT SUBSCRIBER stream of your benevolence flow on, and though wish to sell their land, and move up to a less settled place : Liverpool, Nov. 25, 1820. momentary impediments may oppose its progress, some are alreadygone to the Red River, 700 miles south-west depend upon it, it will g000 surmount them; the from here: indeed, moving a few hundred miles is not Swammerdam, speaking of the metamorphosis of the mountain rill, and the rivers of the valley will in thought any thing of by them. The hunters bring in insects, uses these strong words, « This proces is time and in their tura become tributary; the roses
venison. turkeys, prairie fowls, and rabbits for sale very I formed in so remarkable a manner in butterflies that of Sharon will bloom upon its banks; the maids of
often. A good deer of from 30 to 100lb. weight, is often we see therein the resurrection painted before our eyes, Sion will not weep by its waters; the soil it has fer
| bought for a dollar; and I have bought many large turkeys and exemplified so as to be examined by our banda
for a quarter dollar each. William and John frequently. tilized will be reflected on its surface, and as it glides
To see indeed, a caterpillar crawling upon the I kill deer rabbits, raccoons, opossums, prairie fowls, quails, I earth, sustained by the most ordinary kinds of love, along in the glories of the sunbeam, the sins of tbe &e. The rabbits do not burrow in the earth, but mostly which when it had existed a few weeks or months people will become regenerate in its baptism.
run in the hollow trees. Horses are mostly of a light kind, I der this humble form.its appointed work being the and sell as high as 100 dollars for a good one. Oxen and
passes into an intermediate state of seeming death, MR. BIRKBECK'S SETTLEMENT. COWS are of a middling size and good shape. A good cow
when it is wound up in a kind of shroud, and encased * Wanborough, English Prairie, State of mlinois, North
and calf may be bought for 20 dollars; beef sells from 9d in a coffio. and is most commonly buried under ! America, Feb. 10, 1820.
to 3d. per Ib.: mutton is scarce, there not being as yet many learth (thongh sometimes its sepulcbre is in the water, “I arrived at this place on the 26th September, 1819, after
sheep kept around here, and those that are kept are mostly
ry and at others in various substances in the air) and after a travel of upwards of 5,000 miles, by sea and land, in good of a poor coarse sort, but mutton is as low as beef. Hogs
this creature and others of its tribe, have remained health, as well as all my family, and have been so throughare very plenty, and of a middling good sort; but owing
their destined time in this death-like state, to be bold out our journey, except a little sea sickness and slight to the many hundreds that are left to shift for themselves
earth, air, and water, give up their several prisoners colds. The weather was very hot when we landed at Bal
in the woods during the winter, they are as poor as well
can be, and many die of hunger when the snow is deep. timore, on the 6th July, and continued so until the end of I
to survey them when called by the warmth of the son
lar beam, they burst from their sepulcbres, cast on October, with the exception of a few nights, and then warm Cows, sheep, and hogs, are all marked in different forms,
their cerements, from this state of torpid inactivity, and pleasant until the middle of December, after which it each has his own mark, and the marks of different persons
come forth as a bride out of her chamber; to survey was mostly cold until the beginning of this month (Feb.) are all entered in the county court. Most of the first
them, I say, arrayed in their nuptial glory, prepared to sometimes much colder than I ever knew it in England. houses or cabins are built with logs and plaistered with
enjoy a new and more exalted condition of life, in
elay : the tops of the houses are covered with cleft boards. . We have had a very deep snow, of at least 18 inches upon the level: but since the beginning of this month, it has and most of them have a glazed door, but few windows.
which all their powers are developed, and they are Many of the cabins of the native Americans (or backwoodsrained almost every day, and the creeks are now pretty full of
arrived at the perfection of their pature: wbeu da men) have not even ight, except what comes down the water, which makes it bad travelling, as there are no bridges
longer confined to the eartb, they can traverse the built yet in this part of the country. Until now, there chimney, or in at the door. We have no mill at present
fields of air, their food is the nectar of flowers, 204 nearer than seven miles, but there is one to be built near has been but little rain at any time since the last spring,
love begins his blissful reign. Who that witnesses tas us, to be worked either with oxen or horses. Amalthouse which has made water scarce in these parts, there being as
interesting scene can help seeing in it a lively represt? yet no wells dug: but we have now many digging, and is begun building to malt Indian corn. Most of the land
tation of man in bis threefold state of existence, albo ponds, so that there will be no want of water this sum. near us is entered, but a large quantity will be offered for miore especially of that bappy day, when, at the call Mer, even should it prove as dry as the last. The Ameri
sale six or eight miles north of us in April next, so that of the great Sun of Righteousness, all that are 10 cans say the last summer was the dryest they ever knew,
there will be plenty of good land for settlers near us. This graves shall come forth, the sea shall give up berda and that this has been the coldest winter that has been
is a very good country for a man with a family, and work, and death, being swallowed up in life, the patitis known for many years. The country round us is partly
ing people, but not for gentlefolks, as labour is high and the blessed shall live and love to the ages of eter! prairie (or open land) and partly woodland; the prairies
provisions low, so that it will not do for people that will But, although the avalogy between the discret have a handsome appearance, much like a gentleman's
not work. Clothing, and grocery articles, are in general states of insects and those of the body of man, 15 Oy park, only much more extensive. The land is mostly of a
dearer than in England. Most of the land the people occu- general, yet it is much more complete, with respecte lightish soil, and very easy of tillage, much more so than
py is their own, and as there are no taxes worth mention- ( his soul. He first appears in his trail body, a chile I ever knew any in England, yet it bears the dry weather
ing, nor any tythes or poor rates, people who are industri. tbe earth, a crawling worm, his soul being in a com well, owing, I think, to the reddish loam that lies under
ous get a good living, and provide well for their families. of training and preparation for a more perfect anca the top mouid. I bought, soon after I got there, 322 acres
" Yours, &c.
rious existence.. When it has finisbed ibis courie, of land, partly prairie and partly woodland, from a piece
“JOHN WOODS. casts of this vile body, and goes into a bidden stars of land called Birke's Prairie, about four miles from hence,
P.S..I saw Edward K. at Baltimore, when I first landed, being in Hades, wbere it rests from its works, 200 which had on it two cabins, a stabie, about 18 acres fen
with Mr. S. He had just taken a house a few miles from prepared for its final consummation. The time for ced in with rails, on which was a crop of Indian corn,
thence, and he expected to come with Mr. 8. to look over being arrived, it comes forıb, clorbed with a pro
the Western Country; but I have not heard any thing of body, not like its former, thcugh germinating which yielded me 400 bushels; there were also planted pumpkins, French beans, and also a little cotton. The live
him since. J. C. and family are all well; so is E. C. and his for, though “it was sown an anioral body, it s stock in the purchase consisted of three cows, three calves,
family; they both live within a mile of us. Remember me raised a spiritual body," endowed with augue. three sheep, and thirty hogs and pigs, 11 geese, and some
to their father, to Mr. C. and Mrs. M., of B. R. C. was powers, faculties, and privileges, commensurar fowls, all for about £320 English. I shall remain near Mr.
with me a few days ago; he informed me that many of the new and happy state. Aud here the parallel bo Birkbeck's, but Wiiliam, Ann, John, and George live at w young men had built themselves houses, but had no part. I tween the insect and the man. The butterky,
inchelorta for its Birke's prairie, and Elizabeth with us at Wanborough. The
ners to take there, as females are less numerous than men. preseаtative of the scul, is prepared in the larva to woods round us contain but little under-wood, and consist
Both the c.'s have built themselves cabins, bought five future state of glory; and, if it be not destroje of a great variety of trees, such as white beech, red post, acres of land for a garden, and so has G. L. Some shoe theichneumons and other enemisto which
al life o laurel, several sorts of oak, ash, elm, hickory, poplar, honey
makers are much wanted in this neighbourhood, and also symbolical of the vices that destroy locust, two sorts of maple, cotton wood, dog wood, pergi.
a good blacksmith. Should any young man from your the soul, it will come to its state of mon, black walnut, and several other kinds of trees. In
neighbourhood think of coming, I should advise him to whicn is its Hades; and at length, when it assu. the woods are a few bears, panthers, wolves, foxes, and bring a wife with him."
imago, breaks fortb with new powers and beauty wild cats, and plenty of deer, rabbits, raccoons, opossums,
tinal glory and tbe reign of love. So that, in this and two or three sorts of squirrels; also turkeys, prairie
of the subject, well might tbe Italian poet exclaim, fowls, and quails: wild geese and ducks, on the rivers and
Non v'accorgete voi, che noi siamo veroni creeks, but not inany small birds. There is also plenty of
Some years since, and before stage coaches were so Nati a formar l'angelica tarfallait wild fruit, viz. strawberries, raspberries, very good wild
numerons in Ireland as at the present day, the proprie-! The govnrian Gheg is ie enoposed to be of CP. cherries, great quantity of grapes, haslenuts, walnuts, / tors of tr
tors of the only one between Newry and Dublin had pid and Psyche, stems built upon this four pacons, persimons, papaws, hickory nuts; and in the gar: emblazoned forth on a conspicuous pannel of their i Psyche sa emblazoned forth on a consp . announce their in Greck the buman soul: and it means a. -charbe
| “Psyche, says an ingenious and learned writer, cu den we grow melons, squashes, cucumbers, French beans. | coach, the words “Paratus ad arma;” to announce their in Greek, the buman soul, and it means also a du and most of garden vegetables. The land round us bears | promptness for action, as well as their prepar
parent Indian corn, wheat, potatoes, turnips, tobaceo, flax, hemp. I put down all opposition. A learned inhabitant of the led reason is, that a butterfly was a very ancient
e, oats, peas, buck wheat, and cotton. Beans do not so ancient Pontana, (Drogheda,) began very gravely to well, and I have not yet seen any barley in this part; but spell the motto : thus, “ P-A-R-A-T-U-S-Pratoes !”
• Hill's Swamm. I. 127. as the country round us has been mostly settled within exclaimed he in surprise, “ Pratoes at Armagh ! Great | Do you not perceive that we are caterpillars, bo these two years, there has been no large quantities of corn | news indeed on a coach! Wby, we have pratoes (pota. ( the angelic butterfly! go rain yet raised. Indian corn, fax, cotton, and pump. I toes) every where !"
| (a) Nures's Essays, 1, 101.9.
e caterpillars, born to forg