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Christmas Bores.

1.7. Why is a school-boy, who has just begun to read,

IV. like knowledge itself?

First in the court of kings I take my birth, | 8. Why do fine ladies squeezing wet linen remind us Despatch'd from thence I ravage all the earth ; in the first volume of the old series of the Kalei- of going to church ?

O'er rea and land I bear a lawless sway, descope, pages 88, 91, 96, 100, and 104, we presented our! 9. Why is the sun like people of fashion ?

Revel in blood, make human kind my prey, juvenile readers with a very complete collection of puz What step must I take to remove the letter A from And slay ten thousand victims in a day.

the alphabet ? ules, problems, enigmas, &c. illustrated by several wood

Under the reign of my sworn enemy 11. 'Why is an avaricious man like one with a short

,

I first was born, my birth soon made her die. "
Agravings. Such of the readers of our present new memory!'

Tadhan
Through love and hatred of our good and ill

a and :

" Rries of the Kaleidoscope as possess the old series, will. I 12. Why is an axe like coffee ?

We do each other both create and kill. e trust, turn to the pages to which we have referred, lit the fuller the box will be?

13. What kind of snuff is that, the more you take of Th'ingenious nymph, who first reveals my name, where they will find an infinite fund of amusement for

Shall be recorded in the Book of Faine.

14. In what month do ladies talk the least ? she boliday folk. We have this week provided the fol. 15. What trade is the sun ? lowing collection of anagrams, &c. some of which are | 16. Why are Algiers and Malta as opposite as light and darkness ?

Scientific Kecords. :::. ', and the answers to which are reserved for our next;

17. What is that which God never saw, Kings seldom and we recommend to the perusal of our youthful readers see, and we see every day? a very pleasing experiment with glass tubes, to be found 18. What is smaller than a mite's mouth?

[Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve

12. When is a door not a door? under our scientific dapartment 20. Which can see the better, a blind man or a man

ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin- . that bas not eyes?

gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanicall, 21. What question is that to which you must answer RECREATIONS.

Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine", “ Yes." Asy Number being named, by adding a Figure to that. 22. You are required to make one word of “ New

ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural Number to make it divisible by nine. door ?"

History; Vegetation, &c. ; Antiquities, &c.; to be If the number named be, for example, 72.857, you 23. Why is the gallows the last refuge of a condemned continued in a Series through the Volume.) .ble : tall bim who names it to place the number 7 between man ? any two figures of that sum, and it will be divisible by 24. Why is a blind beggar like a wig? pine For by aphorism 9, if any number be multiplied

PLEASING AND SINGULAR EXPERIMENTS by 9, the sum of the figures of the product will be either

WITH GLASŽ TUBES. 9. or a number divisible by 9. But the sum of the

ANAGRAMS. figures Damned is 29, therefore 7 must be added to make is divisible by 9.

A most remarkable phenomenon is produced in You may diversify this recreation, by specifying, be.

1. All great sin

| 14. 0 I taste no gin. glass cubes, placed in certain circumstances. When fote the sum is named, the particular place where the

2. Men bar me rest | 15. 0 I send pastry. lyure shall be inserted, to make the number divisible

3. Grin O ant
16. I can't tell soon.

these are laid before a fire id an horizontal position, 4 Ten mad men. | 17. I secret no sport.

having their extremities properly supported, they ac5. A mild bear.

18. Saint Lucy beals it quire a rotatory motion round their axis, and also a prom 6. Fits creep on.

19. The wig. Person having an even Number of Counters in one

gressive motion towards the fire, even when their sup 7. Rats in deep rains. 20. A tame sin. Hand, and an odd Number in the other, to tell which

8. It lies in sugar.
21. Eat cherry.

ports are declining from the fire, so that the tubes will Hand the odd or even Number is. 9. Men die in a trot. 22. Our big hens.

move a little way upwards to the fire. Wben the proLet the person multiply the number in his right hand 10. Serve saint Peter. 23. Cool cheat.

gressive motion of the tubes towards tbe fire is stopped by a odd number, and the number in his left hand by

11. Yes lambs.

24. Peter's cable. no eren number, and tell you if the sum of the pro

by any obstacle, their rotation still continues. When 12. Tan a Lion.

25. I start gune. lucts added together be odd or even. If it be even, the 13. It is a fact Son.

Lbe tubes are placed in a nearly upright posture, leaning ven number is in the right hand; but if it be odd, the

to the right hand, the motion will be from east to wers #20 qumber is in the left hand : as is evident from ae first five sphorisms.

but, if they lean to the left hand, the motion will be

ENIGMAS.
EXAMPLE..

from west to east; and tbe nearer they are placed 10 - Xumber in the right hand 18 In the left 7

the upright posture, the less will the motion be, either Multipliers S

way. If the cube is placed horizontally on a glass When tempests deform the smooth face of the sky, All winter neglected and naked I lie;

plane, the fragment, for instance, of coach window 14 But as soon as approaches the beautiful May,

glass, instead of moving towards the fire, it will move When the fields and the meadows and nature look gay, from it, and about its axis in a contrary direction ** Their sum 68

"Tis then I step forth, à-la-mode, like the fair,
With my long silken train, and all plaited my ha

what it had done before; nay, it will recede from tbe . Number in the right hand. In the left 18 When thus I'm adorn'd, and drest in my fly,

fire, and move a little upwards when the plane inclines Multipliers O ye gods! what a beautiful creature am I!

towards the fire.-These experiments are recorded ja Of an object so striking, ye gazers beware ;

the Philos. Trans. No. 476, 81. They succeed best
21
Come not within reach of so fatal a snare.

with tubes about 20 or 22 inches long, which have in
For with malice prepense, and a desperate will,
S6
I'm bent to destroy, and determind to kill

each end a pretty strong pin fized in cork for their axla. Theis sum 57

The causes of these phenomena bave not been disco

vered.
II.

Young ladies, now give ear, I pray,
PUZZLE.
To one the most forlorn ;

Note.-The foregoing experiment is taken from the
For share my hapless fate you may,

Encyclopædia Perthensis ; but we cannot avoid ex. There is one letter in the marriage ceremony, the And grieve that you were born.

pressing our surprise at the concluding paragraph, in baituting of which by another would induce thou. Your lovely image I've display'd,

which it is stated that “ The causes of these phenonds to marry who are now single, and would give a

inena have not been discovered." We think the mo

Possess'd of life and breath; sence for unfaithfulness to thousands who are married. · I'm flesh and blood, though always made

tion in the first experiment admits of a very simple

solution ; and we shall be glad to hear the explanation hich is the letter?

By the rude hand of death.

from any of our readers who may make the experi. Now to conclude my mournful lay,

ment, which will amply repay them for the trouble.-Of mortal frame am I :

· Kdit. Kal. CONUNDRUMS.

And feel the pangs of death I may, .

Though some of us ne'er die. 1. What is that which makes every body sick, but

The following is the famous American recipe for the ose who swallow it?

III.

cure of the rheumatism, and, in some cases, even a con. 2. What word is that of eight letters, five of which

traction of the joints. I'm double, I'm single, I'm good, and I'm bad, e the same?

Take of garlic two cloves, of . . Pray tell our ladies, if you can,

As my followers abundantly prove;

yum ammoniac one drachm, bruise them wel together Who is that highly-favour'd man, By a trick it is known I'm oft to be had,

in a mortar, make the mixture into two or three boluses Who, though he has married many a wife, "But ain gain'd with more pleasure by love.

with spring water, and take one of them every and May be a bachelor all his life?

What strange may appear, I can give to the face. Why is a slaughtered ox like an ell of cloth? At one moinent both smiles and chagrin;

morning, and drink while regularly taking these boluses 5. Why is a surgeon like a kidnapper?

And though oft to mankind I bring shaine and disgrace, very strong bassafras tea. The cures performed by this $. Why is a pair of skates like an apple?

Without honour I never am seen

| recipe in America have been extremely numerous.

1.

54

Natural History.

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| You will determine how unjustifiable it is to kill very I PARODY OP A POACHER.

small pikes, when you are told the size to which they
will reach. They are taken in Whittlesea Mere of 20
pounds weight. Two very large ones in the course of l part of poacher and being taken before the

1. A poor strolling player was once caught performinele INTERESTING PARTICULARS CONCERĂING THE PIKE.

öne summer were found dead, floating on the surface of trates, assembled at á quarter sessions, for examined Blenheim Lake, each weighing 20 pounds. One that one of them asked him what right he had to kil

was forty-five inches long, and weighed 22 pounds, was when he replied in the following parody The nature of the pike is peculiar, as it is a solitary taken out of a piece of water near Naeton, in Suffolk, speech to the Romans, in defence of his kisline C* Ach. Pifas never congregate in shoals like most other March 27. 1780. by Mr. Stanley. He seized a small "

D

h an a m

Britons, dat you will rarely find more than two in the pike by the middle, that had been hooked in trolling and I cause and be silent that you may hear: believe me came hole. They frequent the deepest waters, lie near which he would not quit, but suffered himself to be my honor- and have respect for my bonor that you ne the banks, and among bull-rushes, reeds, and weeds, or drawn to the bank, and was taken out with an iron that I believe- censure me in your wisdom and anals under stumps of trees, and at the mouths of ditches and was struck into his side. Pike of the great weight of senses, that you may be the better judges. If

ille. They spawn in February or March, according to | 35 pounds have been taken in Winander Mere. Daniel, l'any in this assembly, any dear friend of This bare, che forwardness of the spring, and are then to be seen in hie Rural Sports, says, “ that pike are in great perfecI say, chat a poacher's love for hare was not less than lying motionless in ditches, where, in an unsportsman- tion in Loch Dee, near Kirkcudbright, where they grow lif then that friend demand why a poacher roue Like manner, they are taken with wire snares." The best to the size of 20 or 80 pounds, and one of 57 pounds has a hare, this is my answer, not that I loved Batele, pikes are bred in rivers, they are more firm, whiter, and been caught. They bite at the fly, or line baited with chat I loved eating more. Had you rather the water better lasted than those bred in ponds, and large sheets burn-trouts, or frogs,"

living than I had died OF stagnant water.

quite starving that To complete the climax of pikes comes Col. Thornton. hare were dead, that I might live a jolly fellom The pike bites most keenly in cloudy and windy wea. He describes one he caught trolling in Loch Alva, that this, hare was pretty, I weep for him-s here ther. He is fond of such baits as the rouch, dace, min.

was five feet four inches long, and weighed nearly 48 I rejoice at it; as he was nimble, I honor him: Le how, or piece of an cel. One of his favourite morsels is pounds. He says that it was so monstrous a fish that was eatable, I slew him. There are tears for his I gudgeon. You may substitute a small perch, but the his landing net admitted only the nose !!! We are joy for his condition, honor for his speed, and thick &in should be cut off. The fishermen of the lakes of

of much indebted to the French for many additions to the his toothsomeness. Who is here so crúd roll Cumberland and Westmorland bait their night-lines for

luxuries of our tables, exclusive of ragouts and fricasees. a starved man?' If any, speak, for bim I ham pike with frogs and mice. After all, no fish is a more They highly esteemr various kinds of cold fish, and par. | Who is here so silly that would not takes Uuring bait than a small trout ; this is a secret worth

ticularly cold pike. You will find it excelleni, whether any, speak, for him I have offended. Who is hulle Enowing, particularly when you have no other tempta.

you eat it a-la-Francaise with oil, or' fith vinegar only. that does not love his belly! If any, speil Han for him.

It has much the flavour of cold turbot, or sole, and will have I offended." " You have offended ja The pleasanteat manner of fishing for pike is trolling. I be highly gratifying to your taste as an epicure, particu' I cried one of the magistrates; out of all putin I do not enter into a description of the tackle, ur a declarly if you have caught the pike with bait.From the long and strange harafigue, which began to tail of the practice, because I do not think I could | New Monthly Magazine.

time that his own belly told him had arrived." convey very dear ideas of them : you may indeed be Assured that instruction and observation taken for one

replied the culprit, gueasing at the hungry for the bench, " stnice justice s dissatisfied, i

m day from & rood troller. will make you more perfi the art, than the perusal of all the rules given in angling

have something to devour :-Heaven forbid to

Miscellanies. Hooks, not excepting Nobb's famous work upon the

keep any justice from dinner; so, if you pleta,

your worships a good day and a good appetite" subject on As the pike is the fiercest and most voracious of our DESTRUCTIOX or sit LOWER ASSEMBLY rooms with the fellow's last wish, gave him a repetund

The magistrate, eager to retire, and somewhat Hver fish, Pope has thus well described the species :

AT BATH BY 'TIRE.

change for the bare, and let him go. "And Pites the tyranus of the watery plains." With reference to the well-known properties of other We regret to announce, chat, on Thursday se'B. AN" ANECDOTE AZIATIVE' To atőfor abimals, they may be called water wolves, or fresh | night, those extensive, elegant, and far-famed preVater sharks. Fishes of prey seem desigueu uy, batu wice the choshindant omnem a m ises, the Kingston, or Lower Assembly-rooms, Bath, I When his Majesty, accumpapled by menor

were totally destroyed by fire. The loss of property is | young nobility, was viewing the curiositlei lo this oud particularly the sickly and the feeble; and as they stated to be very great. The insurances effected amount an old warder that conducted them brouro are unlike the human race, who are designed to endure a to £13.400. How the accident happened is not known aparements, when ibey came to the hors course of trial and probation with reference to another the vaults, or rather the rooms under those appropriated pointed to one of the breastplates, the lower world, they are best removed immediately out of the

| for balls, reading-rooms, - &c. were used as a private which had been carried away by a slant that de Why by these ravenous devourers

theatre, and a play had been performed there that even non ball, and witb it, as the warder ald, and proceed to give you a few well-attested anecdotes, to

ing ; next to which was a crrpenter's shop: and adjoin. bowels and rein of the man's belly that wore L} mnfirm the opinion you may have formed of the pike as I ing that a large quantity of oil; consequently, a fire withstanding which, Bethg put under the same the greatest glutton of all the inhabitants of fresh-water: breaking out amidst such inflammable matter could not skilful surgeon, the man recovered, and lived

The Glym I have before mentioned as one of the be otherwise than destructive. A gentleman named afterwards." The conspany suniled at the streains that feed Blenheim Lake. It meanders round | Houlton, one of the proprietors, had lately fitted up a which the warder repeated bio tale; and the che beautifully-situated vicarage house, at Glympton. suit of rooms in the premises, with much taste and ele. with as much good nature and pleasantry as it There the worthy rector nourished a brood of ducks, |

I ducks, gance, for his residence, where he had collected musical | been talking to his equal, said, I remember thia anticipated the pleasure of seeing them one day I instrumenus, pictures, and many other fine specim

mone day, instruments, pictures, and many other fine specimens of to have heard or read somewhere, a suny le doro his table with the delicious accompaniment of | art, which can never be replaced : the whole of these of a soldier who had his head cheft in rwn so den green peas. But how fallacious are the hopes of man!! were destroyed." The loss to the

| were destroyed. The loss to the renter, Mr. Mills, a by the enemy, that one Balf of it fell op oner It was observed for several mornings, that ihe old duck worthy industrien

worthy industrious man, is very great. Fortunately no and the other half of it on the other side; aadse had one less of her brood than she had the day before. lives were lost. The elegant chandelier, pictures of his comrade laying his bands carefully undert This gradual decrease induced a gentleman, on a visit Be nan, on a vis1! | Beau Nash: &c. were all consumed. Some gentlemen sides, and binding them clou

baadhoo to the rector, to watch the place frequented by the ducks ;) were playing cards at the time the fire broke out: but the man did well, drank his por of ate at nigdy and on looking at the spot, brightened by the sunshine, such was its fury, it could not be got under.

scarcely remembered he bad been hurt." This be saw a large pike basking. He shot the pike, and

story, so weHapplied, set all tbe company that atten when it was opened, the disappearance of the ducklings

| his Majesty into a horse laugh, which bad sud rus easily accounted for, as i wo were found in his belly A mill, upon an improved plan, has been erected inflect upon

eflect upon the old warder, that he never atten undigested; and it was easy to conjecture in what way the prison at Northallerton, in Yorkshire, which grinds had the courage to tell his accustomed story the others had been disposed of, and what fate awaited corn of every description, and is worked entirely by the the old one.

| prisoners in-confinement there. The fishermen' at Trentham, the seat of the Marquis

Repartee.-On Counsellor Bethe budg of Stafford, saw the body of a swan with its neck and

brother barrister in the hall of the Pour Co and head under water. This position did not at all sur

and. A traveler was tempted to go into a cook's shop by this on Friday the 8th instant; who lamented the prise him : but as he observed the swan in the same inscription: “Roast and boiled at 2d. a hend." 'He was nary robbery of his clothes, he replied

w ith ptice and the same position the next day, his curiosity

not a little disappointed by two courses of potatoes Inaiteté“ It an extraordinaroppe was awakened—he rowed his boat to the place, and to

for, without vanity, I may way this is the data

lost!Pythagoras. When any one of his scholars was given

, his astonishment saw a large pike adhering to the swan. The ravenous fish had gorged the swan's head and part up to sin, and so excommunicated, he placed a coffin in of his neck; and the swan and the pike were both dead. his place; denoting thereby, that he was dead as to their ! A lendet Wife. Dr. Mourine of Chdan That pikes will devour any of the finny, or the fea- society.

was apt to quarrel with his wife. Returning fra R n a Amrita of the truth

hám, he was overtaken by a terrible store : no and An inhabitant of Carmarthenshire, who, like most of hearse came up going to Chelsen. Any Port tained that they require po proofs of their truth. An An inbabitant of Carma

*** old angler informed me, thai as he was playing a roach his countrymen, was very superstitious, went to the The doctor crept in, with the pall and pluma in deep water in the river Wensum, a snjall pike seized parson of his parish a few days ago, and declared that companions. The hearse stopped at his door: i, and as he was playing this small pike a much larger he saw the ghost of his friend Tatty Evans, a convivial | looked out: “Who have you got there, cucine one IN the like. 'The angler added, that if his compa. hostler; who died a month before;'" and how did you The Doctor, ma'am." . Thank Hare! hou had been alert with the landing-net; an the three know," said the parson, that it was the ghost of Taffy, she;" he's safe at last." "Thanky Blok might have been caught. I'assure you I met with friend Owen?"' Oh!" answered Owen because the Doctor (getting out of the heads) "* a similar occurrence whua fishing in Bldabeiste Lake, Thous was staggering drunk."

anxiety for my safety."

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sorthy and facetions Alderman. whose Cockney. an appalling width of hoop. But I was a bold young perhaps be requisite. What comes of this are proverbial, started the following conumdrum

the poor, at pocial party the other evening :-"Why is a Towel Tellow in my day, Mr. Editor; (I could tell you some who seem sometimes to forget the gratuitous nature of the Swake.It was in vain the ingenious persons pre-tricks of mine that would make you die with laughing, I plain of an apparent want of attention inseparable from

Il assistance they receive, and to claim it as a right, com betrack their brains for an explanation. The worthy but I reserve them for å private meeting) I watched existing circumstances the Institution falls into dis Alderman was applied to, when the following udmirable her. Sit. I watched her lotion was given :- Because its & Wiper."

ber, Sir, I watched her; and every day that we met credit, and its funds become involved. Let any one in the Pump-room, and every night at the Assembly, 11

that is inclined to question the truth of these conclusions I could perceive that she rose nearer and nearer to the The increase of its subscriptions bears no ratio to the

look at the history of the Dispensary for some time past. Correspondence.

centre of her boop, till at last, (by the way, it was the increase of the town. It is in vain that a vigorous effort night after I returned from taking possession of my in

sion of my l is now and then made by those who interest themselves

in its welfare-the improvement in its circumstances TO THE EDITOR.

sunt can only be temporary, for the causes which operate from the centre, and rose three quarters of an inch in against it go on increasing, and we cannot wonder if the

advance! Upon that hint, I spake, as my old friend band of charity ceases to be held out, when it percei ves Written for the Kaleidos ope.] Mr. Shakspeare used to say; I took my hair out of

of the inefficiency of the Institution it has so often beHET I club, got a new Brutus, and soon became the happy increase the number of medical officers at the Dispen

| friended. Now the remedy for this is simple: we may Men,-Looking over some former numbers of your busband of my poor wife, Mrs. Modish. But I don't sary, or we may establish a second in an eligible situsmasing publication, I fell in with that in which you know how it was, Sir, during the whole of our long

w how it was. Sir, during the whole of our long I ation; the latter alternative appears to me the best. bare inserted the truly humourous letter on “Shaking union, a period of thirty-three years and a balf, she lous district of Harrington, on the south side of the

In my former letters I have always mentioned the popu Handa. After reading it, and when I had a little never gave me a courtesy so much in advance by four town, as being peculiarly in want of an Institution of recovered from the repeated fits of laughter into which inches, as that she bestowed on the Captain. How the kind; and I see no títter situation to propose. The bad thrown me, I was led to the consideration of lever, I never complained; for besides being a par

ained for heridae haine

public, seeing at once the real utility of such a plan,

public, seeing at various forms of salute used in general society. ticular friend of mine, he was a very pretty hand at I casions, where the interests of the lower classes have been

I will come forward as liberally on this as on all former ornode of the old school, and, as such, have a pardon-the small-sword; but this, by the way. But I see at stake generous emulation will arise between the se predilection for old customs. Having confessed my paper runs short, and at seventy-five my fingers old and the new Dispensary-both will fully answer the 5 laudator temporis acti," you will not be are rather stiffer than shey used to be ; $o I shall con I the sum of human misery will be diminished.

I purposes of charity, and by the blessing of Providence, prised at my regret for the gradual disappearance of clude, by recommending to your young female readers If any thing in the manner in which I have treated

Courtesy," wbich is exchanged, in these degene the practise of the Courtesy, and the adoption of the the subject appear to you to render this letter unfit for te days, for an undignified dip of the head; a mode hoop, which may serve to keep off rude young fellows; insertion, I must beg you, Gentlemen, to take the sub

ject into your own hands: I have long known your

I willingness to undertake any project for the increase of importance attached to the manner in which a before, I keep the history of my pranks io pello, till human happiness; our cause is the same, equally good artery was executed was extreme; and there were we meet, and am, Mr. Editor,

and glorious, whether it be pleaded by the Editors of gulacions laid down for the use of young beginners.

Yours,

the Liverpool Mereury, or by a less skilful, but not ever could discover that there were more than two

wato MARMADUKE MODISH."

less sincere advocate,

JUNIUS. mers in this system; but ther, they admitted of an Great George-street, Dec. 27. Seite variety of modifications; and, when backed by diful management of the boop, conveyed a grcar

10 THB EDITOR. more than met the eye. The first of these was

NEW DISPENSARY.

SIR.-Allow me to point out a mistake of some Recreating Courtesy, executed on the pripciples of

t ounsequence in your copy of the Rev. Mr. Phillips 3. Nash; head drawn up: and throwa a little back: T

TO THE EDITOR. T

J address; at the buttom of the first column your oder eye steady, elbow ibeat at an angle of 778; 3.

1 tot di tanke bira spend the evening at au ipo, and see Wenger and thumb lightly grasping the circumle- Sir, Allow me to call your attention once more to a Higblauders approaching in all directions to school. ce of the hoop; then right foot brought (if I mis subsect, hot the less important, because it has so otten and then, although he had travelled night and day

subject, not the less important, because it has so often and

* ineffectually been offered to the public notice. I mean ke nor) five inches three lines behind the left; knces the establishment of a second Dispensary in this popu

Con to reach that iun, you do not allow, his days' journey ding slowly; body, in risiog, throwi gracefully lous and increasing town. It is needless to dwell on the lo close.l t And, so as to rest on the right leg; countenance un general principles which should prompt us to assist our This paragraph beginning " It was, indeed, tgo

| poorer brethren, whose situation, exposed to all the small," has lust from its commencement the notice Moted. Such, as I rentember, was the retreating evils of life, should at least have an admitted claim to l of setting out next day for the wilds of Stanache:

artesy, as practised by my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, its sympathies. I should be sorry to think that any one In the second column there is Jona" for " long, Se's gone now, dear woman) at the Lower Rooms, could be found to deny the principle on which these “ Lisurora” for “ Lismore.” In the third column Batb, in 75. Permit this passing tribute from a claims are founded; yet it would appear, that, in the

claims are founded; yet it would appear, that, in the Tirec" for Tiree."" lo the the first columu,

particular instance which is the subject of this letter, third pays, “ gloomy complacency” for “glowing consolate husband, my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, the better feelings of our richer fellow-townsmen are not universaliy allowed to execute the Retreat is easy to be roused, perhaps from an ignorance of the

complacency. ter style than any lady of her day, the Dowager real state of the case. It is impossible for any one Stream

A READER. to doubt the extensive utility of the present Dispensary, untess of M. not excepted. The other genus is the and the zeal of its medical officers. But that zeal,

TO THE EDITOR urtesy is Advance, used only in cases of the strictest

which finds its utmost exertions fall short of their macy so much s9, indeed, that I never recollect object, might well be excused for yielding to despair, have seen my poor wife, Mrs. Modish, indulge in and forgetting the motto of successful labour;

Sır, - If any of your ingenious correspondents but cace, and that was to Captain Coupdetain, of "Nil actum reputans, si quid superesset agendum. will favour me with solutions of the following Hig goalet's regiment, the handsomest man then extant, Now, though the medical gentlemen at this Dispensary

torical Queries, I shall feel infinitely obliged.

at A SAXON. a particular friend of mine. Rules: head in- disdain to relax in their efforts and shelter themselves med a little forward; countenance gracious and en-behind so tolerable an excuse, there is yet much want

1. Who and what was the name of the Saxon ing towards the furtherance of their object-there is a araging; hoop firmly grasped ; right foot en avant,

Chieftains whe

re is a Chieftaio, who first invaded Devonshire; wbere did. want of medical aid to the poor, which it is physically

cally be land where was the first battle, and was he the

a distance regulated by the degree of ictimacys impossible for them to supply. The Dispensary was

d wes bent, rather more alertly than in the Retreat originally in a tolerably central situation, but of late founder of the Kingdom of the the West Saxons ?

2. Who and what was the name of tbe Saxon dy exactly at the centre of the circle, formed by the years the town has spread so much, particularly to

wards the south, that the inhabitants of the outskirts Chieftain who invaded Yorkshire; where did he

(wlio have as good a title as others to assistance) have come from, where did he land, and where wan bis samference; whereas in the other case it rises at the to go such a distance in search of advice and medicine, lont battle? matess point, '80 as to interpose between the parties; that their journey may, and does, no doubt, occasion-1 egular chevaur-de-frixe, in the shape of nearly tbe ally, most materially interfere with the progress of their

cure. These circumstances operate in the same unfa- 4 Who'founded the Kingdom of Mercia? ide of the hoop. Ah! Sir, those were glo- vourable way against the attendants of those who are who founded the Kingdom of Northumber us times. When I was presented to my poor wife, visited at their own houses, and the consequence must . Modish, for the first time, I was struck with awe, I be that the patient will neglect to go for his medicine. I laud, and what its extent?0177

6. What Saxon Chieftain was the first King of I saw her perform the Courtesy in Retreat, in her and a large portion of the time of his physician will be

ET taken up in paying him an occasional visit, which can the Piets? st syle, with a steady eye, a frigid countenance, and not from the nature of things, be repeated so often as may 17. Who was Ezbert the first King of England

,

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A The writer of the following essay has chalked out ever has seen the confident air of some young men Co Correspondents.

for himself a task of no ordinary difficulty, in his on eutering a room; the embarrassment of others meditated series of papers on the state of society and whoever has perceived the inattention and beglect | of inany towards their partners, the awkward off.

HOUSELESS POOR. manners, in Liverpool; and, if it be not using too

In order to lose no time in this ciousness of several, and ju fart the total absence

important business, we take this opportunity to state, great a freedom with him, we shall venture to express of ease and grace in the generality, will think the

that notwithstanding what we remarked in the las

Mercury, finding by inquiries from the street watch the hope, that his satyric vein may be tempered with latter part of iny position well advanced; and I am men, that there really was occasion for the re-establisb. all possible candour and good humour ; by which he couvipred that the entire silence of the younger ment of an asylum for the houseless, we on Saturday will be ultimately most successful, if his aim be to part of the Gentlemeo, though fortunately relieved last procured a cellar, with good tires and clean strav, improve those who may be the subject of his stric- l by the striking witticisms of the more forward, will in Kitchen-street, opposite the weighmg-machine, tures, rather than to inflict castigation, however me.

bear me out in the former. For, what is the male where there are about six inmates. All the watching

portion of Liverpool suciety composed of?_Of mer. of the town were apprised on Saturday, previously so rited it may occasionally be. We cannot choose but

chants, whose education (generally speaking) has
he

going their rounds, of this establishinent, with diron observe, en passant, that we have had the pleasure to been circumscribed, and whose couversation turns

tions to pass on to Kitchen-street any houseless veg. associate with many young gentlemen resident amongst far more frequently on subjects relating to com

derer with whom they might meet. The pecuniary

means with 'which we have been favoured towards the us, whose minds are highly cultivated, and who cer- merre than on those of general interest ; -of pro

prosecution of this establishment, shall be schner. tainly may claim exemption from the genus alluded feesional men, who have certainly far better oppor.

ledged in thə next Mercury. lo in the following essay.-Edt. Kalcidoscope.

tunities of acquiring information, and who may be
deenied enlightened; and lastly, of young men in CHRISTMAS.Such of our readers as possess the forea

ufficer. These deserve some attention. The greater volumes of the Kaleidoscope (old series) may stree ORIGINAL ESSAY.

part are taken from school at an early age, loug be and instruct their young friends, by turning to make fore they have acquired any taste for learning, and most interesting sketches of Geoffrey Crayon, white are sent from different parts of the kingdoin to fill

appeared in the second volume, and which have been : (Written expressly for the Kaleidoscope.] situations, of whose duties and employments they

recently copied into the London and provincial papers are wholly ignorant. Perhaps they have a few jo

We allude particularly to the following incomparable

sketches : * Christmas," “ The Stage Coach, ...SIR, -No performance has lately interested me Iroductions given them, and are ihen left in lodg.

• Christmas Eve," "Christmas Day." See Kalda more than the sketches of society from the admira ings tu use or mispend their time at pleasure. The

doscope, old series, Vol. II. pagus 141, 145, 149, 154, ble pen of The Hermit in London. It has fre. consequences are obviously of a bad tendency, for

157. There are also, in the same volume, about likes quepily struck me, ibat obsertations confined to

independent of other and more important cousider. choice stratagems of Chess, which will be a sources onir own town, written on a similar plan, would alious, youths seldooi prefer society which will im. much anzusement to such of our youthful tendens be acceptable to your miscellany. I have often |

I prove them. They feel a pleasure in being at ease, have cultivated the game. thought of attempting such : idleness, or * diffidence and therefore descend below the level of rank to

CHRISTMAS HOLIDAY READERS. We have edo of my own powers, bas hitherto preveuted my put. which they are entitled. Their names become propor

voured to render our publication of this dayusanne ting my design into execution, until I fear it is too tionably degraded, and when, after some time, ihey

as possible to the juvenile part of our readers who late. An esnay, similar to the one in my coutem.

have felt and regretted the bad taste which induced our arrangements for their recreation have, for the plation, has, I am told, already, appeared in the

them to make so upfortuvate a choice, and agaio week, interfered with the original paper on the Four Monthly Magazine, and thus my purpose has been re-enter into company, it is plain ibat much atten OF Max, and the third number of HOLA Otsoa, anticipated. I have not read the publication in

tion and great pains will be required to rub off the which shall appear in our next. question; hut any informants assure me that it con- must

rust and containination contracted by degrading tains an able delineation of the present manners and associativo8. But it is more easy to commit a fault RED Snow-A correspondent enquires whether

rod appearance of the snow in the Arctic regions, ses customs of society in Liverpool. Such being the than to repair it, and even after the most strenuous case, it may seein presumption in me to follow the exertion I exertions for that purpose, something of a stain L. tioned by Captains Ross and Parry, is not owing to

presence of oxide of iron. A quantity of the net, | will often remain behind, and betray to the eye of same track, since I shall neither possess the cbarm

preserved in bottles, was submitted to Mr. Braak of novelty, nor the merit of originality. Perhaps, an "an observer that such politeness is an effort, and

of the Royal Institution, who determined that these however, YOU will give precedence to ibis allemninut the result of natural apd easy acquirement.!

colour was owing to an immense quantity of a mer la consequence of its being written expressly for! I have spoken of manner only, but the same rea. small species of Fungus, of a red colour. He your paper; and to those who may not have an op.son will hold as to the general cultivation of the

succeeded in separating the fungi from the snow, portunity of perusing the sketch. I allude to, the mind, which is even worse attended to than the

making them vegetate in another medium. present will prove amusing, as they will recognise,

Lother. It will hardly be necessary to add any thing We shall do all in our power to render the Kaladonur at all events, that the picture, tbougb imperfect, is further on this head, than to say that suine Gentle l as entertaining and instructive as possible wbila drawn from the life. meu descend so low io poiot of literary attainments,

Christmas vacation continues. Our public amusements, during the winter, are

as not to be able to spell correctly. few; the Wellington Rooms and concerts constituiel On the whole, such is the impression I bave re.

One of our correspondents, whom we need not partes

larize, will perceive that we have taken the libertya the whole. But we are by no means destitute of ceived; but, I beg to observe, that tbere are many

omit a simile in which he had indulged, as we gaiety, by reason of the hospitable disposition of exceptions. There are numbers of gentlemen of all

ceive, in violation of analogy and fact: the dian the genteel part of society. Few families suffer the the above classes in this town, who possess eminent

docs not become corroded Ot tarnished in the full season to pass without giving one route at least : talents and acquirements; who uvite the charm of alluded to. many treble that pomber. Geperally speaking, Ibese perfect ease of manner to the still greater grace of hallo entertain from fifty to one or two hundred refinement of mind, and whose acquaintance it is an

The Lines transcribed by L. G. are very acceptable persons, and are given in a style, which, if it doex honour to cultivate. It will barılly be expected

PINCHER'S Letter in our next. pot emulate the magnificence of nobility, yet makes that I should omit meotiooing something about the op in real gratification what they want in splendor. il important article of dress; an article mort truly | We entirely agree in opinion with A SUBSCRIMI would by no means be understood to imply that they important to the majority of those whom I have be WELL-WISHER, and shall endeavour to Back are deficient in this respect, as I have more ibaú fure noticed. If a cravat with a paper stiffeuer, out with as good a grace as possible. once compared, and to advantage, the entertaiuments which occupies an hour in tying on in the proper given in this town, to those of the highest circles in form; if a head, curled till it becomes a perfect wig | London and Bath. The decorations ; the lights: in appearance; if a long-waisted and short-tailed

Printed, published, and sold the music; the crowds of elegaotly-dressed ladies : coat, with a gay watch ribbon, constitute fashionable BY EGERTON SMITH AND ÇO. all conspire to steal away our senses, and lead us to costume, you have here “ the full, true, and parti.

Liverpool Mercury Office. faney, almost, that we are enjoying an Elysium, snch cular" description of a Liverpool beau. This dress, | Sold also by John Bywater and Co. Pool-lese: War as Mohammed promised, and Moore describes.' 'Tis with the assistance of the information acquired in Evans, Chegwin and Hall, Castlo street; Mr. TI sq illusion so dear and delightful, that I love to in. sitting behind a huge ledger, or a ponderous law | Smith, Paradise-street ; . Mr. Warbrick, Pulk dulge in it. As for those who ocver felt as if they book, is all ibat is necessary to enable a young man Library, Lime-street; Mr. G. P. Day, News vere entranced and transported beyond the common to imagine himself an accomplished member of so Dale-street; Mr. Lamb, Hanover-streer; asd ki. realities of life, I pity them; they will not under ciety iu this place.

John Smith, St. James's-road. for ready money stand me. But, to returu to the subject.

turo with pleasure (as save a celebrated writer) London, Sherwood and Ca' Warrington, Mr. Harris It seems evident to me that the minds of the from that barreu waste, in which so few salutary

Dublin, J. K. Johnston & co Preston, Mr. Whittle Ladien in Liverpool are better cultivated; their man

Manchester, Mrs. Richardson Stoke, Mr. Tomkinad plants take root, to characters fertile, as I willingly

Stockport, Mr. Dawson. Hanley, Mr. Abbut. hers more refined than those of the men. This may believe, jo many excelleut qualifications to the Leeds, Mr Dewhirst. appear ao iodiscriminate and sweeping assertion, | ladies.

Wlan, Meses Lyon Bolton, Mr. Kell

Ormskirk, Mr. Gandhi but I believe any accurate observer will agree with

Hull, Mr. Perkins

Blackburn, Mr. Bogel me in thinking ibat it is borne out by facta. Wbo!

(To be continued in our next)

| Lancaster, Mr. Benthal North ton, Y.

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Scientific Notices.

| being most excited into action, become the great foci We come now to the consideration of aliments from

of the vital energy of the system; and, instead of the the animal kingdom. It is allowed by all that the ORIGINAL ESSAY.

pineal gland of Descartes, are the seat of the soul, and milk of the mother; or of a healthy nurse, is the most

deprive the brain, nerves, and muscles of their due wholesome and nutritious food for the infant; and No. III.,

proportion of vitality. This did not escape our poet next to tbis, the new, warm milk of the cow, ass, or ON THE FOOD OF MAN. . of nature,

goat. The eggs of our came fowls afford a simple,

"Fat paunches have lean pates, and dainty bito | pure, and nourishing food to man. Flesh in a raw (Written erpressly for the Kaleidoscope.)

Make rich the sides, but hanker out the wits."

state, although more nutritious than when roasted or I shall now proceed to make a few observations boiled, is rarely eaten, unless it is salted or smoked. Sad multi mortales dedite ventri atque somno, indoction the quantity and quality of the food of man. For We generally use the flesh of berbivorous, but very incultique vitam, sicuti peregrinantes, transegere; quibus rufecto, contra naturam, corpus voluptati, anima oneri

the proper nourishment of the human body, it seems seldom that of carnivorous, animals. The accounts of fuit, eorum ego vitam mortemque juxta æstumo, quoniam requisite that we partake of the food which agrees Anthropopbogi, or such as eat human flesh, have been de utraque siletur.

best with our juices,--that of a bland, diluted, muci supposed to originate more from a taste for the marSallust.

laginous, or gelatinous nature. A soft and gelatinous vellous, so common to travellers, chan from a regard Excess in food and drink is the principal cause of matter is contained in plants as well as flesh ; but that to truth; but, if any such exist, they are confined to a bose manifold diseases which desh is heir too. In this which is procured from che former is rather acidulous, few of the islands of the South Pacific Ocean. Amrespect as the toe of the peasant galls the kibe of the contains more carbon, and is consequently less liable to phibious animals, such as eels, vipers, and turtles, like. Dertier." The shepherd of the hills, and the plough-decomposition or putrefaction than animal matter of si- wise administer to our repasts. From the fowls of the man of the plains, after a day of labour and fatigue, milar qualities, in which a greater proportion of a zote re. air, and of the lake, we obtain some of the most -panate of their humble fare with a keen appetite, sides. This highly nutritious aliment is procured ingreat agreeable, wholesome, and elegant of our dishes. The njoy a night of uodięturbed repose, and awake in the abundance - from the farina of seeds : of our common ingenuity of man, stimulated by the cravings of healthy

ning with buoyant spirits and renovated strength. corn, wheat affords it in the greatest quantity, barley and pampered appetite, has devised various means of But the wealthy citizen and refined courtier are next and then oats. It resides to a greater or less de rendering the fish of the sea and of the lake more trangers to these pleasures. After wallowing in all gree in others ; such as rice, millet, peas, beans, ches- delicious to his taste, and more easily preserved ; for, De luxuries of Epicurus, they consigo themselves to nuts, and hazel-nuts. Likewise in some fruits; such as by the process of toasting, smoaking, and salting, we test; but sleep seldom visits their sad eyes, and they cucumbers, melons, figs, olives, prunes, apples, pears, can enjoy this prevalent article of food, when the tant

rike in the morning weak, melancholy, and irritable. grapes, and black mulberries; and in roots, some bul- pests of the one, and the freezing of the other, pro - fu in the digestive organs which chitfily suffer by these bous plants, a few flowers, various fungi, and in thote serve their finoy treasures safe from the hardy fisher. habits, and thus diseases are generally contracted, trees which produce gum arabic and sugar. But vege- man. We even extend our appetite to insects and which cerminate sooner or later in death. This, bow- table bas been found less nutritious to man than ani. worms; from the former we select the crab, and from poet, is not the only evil consequence; the brain be- mal matter, as the juices of plants are not so analagous the latter the oyster, one of the most admired, and by bines secondarily affected, and many derangements to his juices; thus those who are fed solely on vege- some supposed to be the most salubrious, of the various

the mind, sopposed to proceed from moral causes, tables, particularly if they are of sedentary habits, and articles of food. ile solely to be attributed to material ones. Thus the bave been previously accustomed to animal food, be- Upon the whole, we may reckon the flesh of her. picure and the hard drinker will find the springs of come debilitated, lean, and pale, and are frequently bivorous animals the most nutricious article of food beir mental energies often lost, and many imaginary afflicted with acidity in the stomach. Of fruits, ripe to men, from the great quantity of gelatine and fat lificulties arise to embarrass their pursuits and defeat apples seem to be the most agreeable to nature, and which it contains, and from its property of restoring heir objects. :

the most simple and useful kind of aliment, for the the wasted strength of our bodies, and, as some sup

following reasons they contain a sufficient quantity of pose, of rendering the manners more fierce, to 'a Enterprises of vast pith and moment, In this re-pect their currents turn away,

nutritious matter, as a solid gelatine can be extracted greater extent than any other species of diet. The And love the name of action."

from them by the simplest process; they belong to hunter is generally bolder and fiercer than the peasant bas been well remarked by the Florentine moralist, that species of food which is grateful to our palate : 1 of the fields; but whether this is to be ascribed to Elat " luxury renders us unfit for the studies of litera-the

of litera, they allay both hunger and thirst, and in the sandy and physical or moral causes is uncertain. To me it apure, shakes the strength of the limbs, makes a woman

arid deserts of Arabia, administer both food and drink pears, that the superior ferocity of the veteran soldier fa man, causes the learned to be ignorant, and the

to the pilgrim who travels to the shrine of his prophet; and of the experienced hunter, is deducible from the wise to be foolisb; therefore," he continues, “ you in the sick room they are not less valuable, and convey | same cause a long acquaintance with dangers and lways find that those who are given to luxury have no both refreshment and nourishment to the feverish hardships. Courage, the most characteristic quality ind, no vigour, no prudence; and that they are fool

patient. In the primitive ages they were the chief of the English nation, has been imputed' by some à, abject, and contemptible." This moral reflection

article of fond to man, and the poets in their glowing theorists to their living chiefly on animal food; but i Poggio is confirmed by datly experience, and by the descriptions of Arcadian b

nce, and by the descriptions of Arcadian bappiness, generally assign for a refutation of such an opinion, we bave only to esearches of the physiologist, who has discovered this them the hig

them the highest rank amongst the viands of the pas- adduce the Swedes, who are by no means over fond nportant law in the animal economy, that where one

coral banquet. Thus, the shepherd Tityrus, in his of that diet, but who have gained a name in arms, rgan, or set of organs is over-exerted, the others fall | benevolent invitation to the banished Melibæus to which is exceeded by that of no other country. ' to a state ot quiescence or deficient action. Thus in spend the night with him, promises him the following! Although the mineral kingdom has unlocked its e luxurious: the stomach and neighbouring organs | humble repast:

Creasures to us for various purposes, we have been Sorne French writer his quaintly oliservcd, that “ most men

"Sunt nobis mitia poma,

ouly enabled to select, with the exception of water, their graves with their teeth."-Note by the Editor... il Castanæ molles, et pressi copia laciis.'

..lone article from its vast stores, for the gratification of

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