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wards, and reducing the extent of your thing which is solid, extended, and divisible; and, or the Novum Organum? Has he even su

thinking is the property of another soniething, which decomposing Marmion, or the Tales of my Landlords benevolence when it was most wanted.

we know only by that property, and which we have | Has he detected the slightest affinity betwixt the cakes " I have pleasure in announcing, that, in not the slightest reason to suppose is either solid, ex- Istance of the brain, and these remarkable se

tended, or divisible. To say, then, that matter thinks, No, though Mr. Lawrence thinks it very analizi the course of the last year, a legacy of is to say, that that which is solid, extended, and divi- the secretion of bile, thought is certainly not a secrets

m £300 has been left to the Infirmary, which,

sible, thinks; but that wbich thinks is not solid, ex-! Then, 3d. Is it motion ? "Is to shake the san

tended, or divisible: tberefore, to say that matter think?" No, it is not motion. Then, what ini although not yet received, will be paid at thinks, is to say it is matter and it is not matter. But is not a property of matter, and it is not a funcio

the existence of a function implies the existence of matter in any conceivable form; then it is not a unsunu v e will neresi. 10 Is we be something to which the function belongs ; thinking, it is immaterial, therefore, is a function of something; it is not a func

In answer to this reasoning, does any one maintie quest of Lady Culling Smith, the daughter tion of matter, for it has nothing in common with it;

that it is neither sensation, secretion, or notico, it is of Sir Ellis Cunliffe, formerly member in therefore the being that thinks is not matter, it is im

different function altogether, to which boʻhing analo material.

gous exists in the other functions of an animal bort Parliament for this borough; and I mention

These fundamental principles we hold to be the dic We repel the position as perfectly inadmissible; it all the circumstance, because it is the affec- tates of common sense; and, upon every principle of mere petitio principii, a taking for granted of the

sound reasoning, incontrovertible. But there are other to be proved. We have no conception of organized tionate remembrance of an ancient and views of the subject which lead to the same result.

matter exercising any other functions than thrise de

If thinking be a property of matter, it must either very respectable Liverpool family, and may

ir must either have mentioned, motion, sensation, and productie;

be an essential property of it, or a power superadded and thought has not the slightest affinity to any of them incite others who have here enriched them to it, in that state which we call living or organised and therefore it is not a material function. matter.

There are various other views which might be aben selves and their neighbours, but have finally

The essential properties of matter are necessarily in

of this important subject, aud wbich, we think, most removed their residence, to recollect that herent in, and inseparable from, the whole mass, and satisfy every candid inquirer, that the phenomena of

every particular part into which the mass may be di- mind are utterly inconsistent with any idea we can the continued attachment of old and absent vided. ******

form of a material function. Let us take a single et friends is in the highest degree acceptable.

If thinking, then, be an essential property of any ample, and inquire in a few words, how, boot the

viu particular mass of matter. it must also be a property of principles of materialism, we are to account for the “It remains that I should return my re all the parts of that mass when it is divided. But ibis phenomena of memory? We find some difficuky da spectful thanks for the honour which you tial property of matter. Is it then a property superis contrary to fact; therefore, thinking is not an essen-conceiving how the matter of the brain receives the

impressions of history, philosophy, and marbs natio; have conferred on me, by placing me in added to organised matter; or, in other words, is it a how various sciences and various languages, witb dhe function of the brain ?

addition of innumerable affairs of ordinary life, ad this situation, the duties of which I lament Many remarkable properties or functions are super received without confusion into “one small bead! added to organised maiter : to wbich of these has

But we think there is still a greater dificuky, und the that I have not been enabled to perform thought any affinity ? . It is not digestion; it is not re

is, the manner in which they are retained. It is well more adequately, and I venture to offer my production : it must either be sensation, secretion, or

known to physiologists, that all the parts of a beally motion.

body are in a constant state of change; that there at fervent wishes for the increasing prosperity | 1st. Is it sensation? The senses are very remark

constant, though gradual. removal of the old man able properties of organised bodies; but they are merely

and a corresponding deposition of new dialter in of this great establishment, and my prayers passive

place. We cannot ascertain the precise periods como that the New LIVERPOOL INFIRMARY may They are the properties by which the body receives nected with this remarkable process, but we have every have the blessing of the Author of all impressions from external material objects; and with

reason to believe that there is a period, and not a ver out these impressions from matter they are as nothing.

long one, during which every particle of the body Mercy, and be crowned with success for The eye may be sound; but, without the presence of

renewed. Now, if memory be merely an impresa a luminous body, we see not. The ear may be acute;

made upon a material organ, in what mander in the many succeeding new years." but, without a sounding body, we hear not. Besides

impression transmitted? Does an old man telate the this immediate dependence upon impressions derived

tales of his early days? How bas he retained thal froni matter, the senses are limited in their operation

There is not in his body a single particle that way Scientific Aotices. by precise material boundaries; we see not beyond a se

rerisa material boundaries we see not bevond a I sent when the incident occurred. upon which becer certain distance; we bear not beyond a certain range;

with such complacent garrulity. Has one series of pot we feel not, but from the contact of a tangible body.

cicles, as tbey departed, related the tale co tboce u kad MATERIALISM EXAMINED. But, is thought a mere sensation ? No;, it is something

came co occupy their place, as a septicel, on quieren active. Has it any such relation to matter? No; it is his post_repeats his instructions to him who rellene

an active, restless principle, which ranges uncontrolled him? Or is there some provision, "to the world i CONTINUATION OF THE OBSERVATIONS ON MR. from world to world, from sun to sun, from system secret yet," by which the newly-acquired matter i * LAWREnce's LECTURES, FROM QUR LAST.

I to system: in an instant it pervades the regions of structed in what it is expected to know! Min boundless space: “how fleet is the glance of the mind P”

new matter that is added to the body of a watu It owns no dependence upon material impressions. In

| undergo, from cime to time, a course of inte We know nothing *f the essence or occult qualities the fairest scene of poetic stillness the tempest may rage

physic! Was the nutriment of Porson regals, our eitber of matter or of mind. We see around us in the within; and, mid the convulsions of matter, the mind

in Greek? Do the particles of Wilberforce test structure of our own bodies, various substances, which may be serenity and peace. It is equally independent

one another the tale of Afric's wrongs? Did the use are solid, extended, and divisible; and to this parti- of ihe state of the corporal functions. While these are

of Bonaparte urge on the conscript atoms in the cular combination of properties we give the name of the prey of the most frightful diseases, the mind may

career of ruthless ambition? Is it to this simple matter. We are conscious of a power within us, which

emanace tranquillity and hope ; and, when every func easy course of transmission, that we are all buto.com thinks and reasons, desires and loves ;, and to this par

tion is pursuing its course with such placidity as when | for what little learning we have been able to take ticular combination of properties we give the name of an infant sleeps, the mind may be tossed by contending

and have certain negligent atorns failed in their ch. mind. The words matter and mis

mere arbi. I passions, distracted by anxiety, or racked' by anguish, I regard to much useful knowledge that we all have trary terms, intended to express these two combina

ina- remorse, or despair. Thought has no affinity to sensa- 1 gotten! We cannot enlarge upon this curious...! tions of properties, which are quite distinct from each tion.

but it is highly important in a moral point of vi other. Or the various substances to which we give Then 2d. Is it secretion ? By secretion, fluids of pecially in regard to crimes and punishments the name of matter, the properties are obvious to our various kinds are separated from the general mass of the principal of materialism, it will evidents, eonsee: but we have not the smallest reason to sup- I the animal body; and, the substances which are se: Lance for if a single day intervene bet wit bling

the punishment shall immediately love pose that any of them thinks. Of the power which

parated in this manner have, not only the general offence; for, if a single day intervene beleid we call mind, the properties are known to us only by l properties of matter. solidirý

Dy properties of matter, solidity, extension, and divi. some of the peccant matter will have eluded our s'

extension and consciousness; they are obvious to none of the senses; sibility. but by chemical analysis, they are resolved and some innocent matter will be pubisieu and we have not the slightest reason to suppose that it into the same elements as the body from wbich | gulty. is either solid, extended, or divisible.

they are separated. It is indeed the philosophy of Upon this obvious principle what shall web, It has nothing in common with that which we have called nratter; we therefore say it is not matter; or, I matter: that whatever is separated from a

common sense, that matter can produce nothing but remarkable instance, in which an individual

matter ; or, matter; that whatever is separated from an animal | the highest award of British justice on accome! in orber words, it is immaterial.

body, must have some of the properties of animal sub-crine coinmitted in a foreign country in Now the name is nothing; when we say it is im ma

stances. But what are the properties of the secretion before? Whatever ideas we may entertain terial, we merely say it is not matter; and, when wel of the brain ? Has Sir H. Davy analyzed a parliamen. enormity of the offence, we shall be obliged to aca.. say it is not matter, we merely say it is not solid, ex.

tary harangue, or a lecture on physiology?' Have his ledge, that long before the period we have me tended, or divisible: it has properties essentially dif- most delicate tests made any impression upon the Iliad every particle of the real offe ferent from that class of substances to which we have

from justice." given the name of matter, and bas pothing in common

But why talk we of morals? Upon the prins. with them. If any one say that matter may think, icl solidity is nor her emioved in that sense in which is of materialism there can be neither morante is not, properly, to be treated as unsound reasoning; is opposed to fluidity; but as expressing a property.

ter will be punished with #

* It is almost unnecessary to mention that the term

| responsibility. Are all the manifestations ! ic is a mere absurdity, or contradiction in terms : for which is common to all material substances, wherber malter is only a pame wbich we have given to some- l'solid, fuid, or gaseous. which is common to all material substances, whether call mental or intellectual the functions of

| as digestion is of the alimentary canal, mosos

tion'

The Naturalist's Diary,

muscles, and the various secretions of the respective. We are led to this conclusion by every idea we cannected with this subject, see Drew on the immortality glands? Then justice, humanity, benevolence, and form of matter and of mind : and we are confirmed in of the soul. patriotism are the healthy condition of this important it by every view we can take of the operations of mind every fibre quivering in death, he exults in the prospect fonction; and injustice, robbery, murder, and sedition, itself, and of the order and harmony of the universe. of immortality? Whence the arrow that rankles in are merely the function in a state of disease. But why The whole phenomena of nature compel us to believe the breast, when the stoutest mind has been wounded should diseases of this function be considered as objects in the existence of a great First Cause, and every de- by deep remorse? Whence the pang unseen by huof punishment, while hepatitis and jaundice escape partment of it exhibits ample evidence of wise design man eye, and unknown to human ken, that can chill with impunity ? 'Tis strange, 'is passing strange," and boundless power. From the planets that revolve the heart which never feared before, and make it that, in this enlightened nation, one function should be in their appointed orbits, to the insect on which we shrink with all the terror of childhood from the stillleft to the care of the physician, while another is con- | tread, each is endowed with properties exactly suited ness of the tomb ? Can this be a property or a funcsigned to his Majesty's advocate for his Majesty's in- | to the situation in which it is placed, and each fulfils in tion of matter? No, it cannot be. They bave reaterest; that calomel and Cheicenham water should be the most perfect manner the purpose for which it was soned well who have told us, that, in all these workconsidered as remedies adapted to che one, while, for created. In this fair field of harmony and order, the ings of a mighty mind, there is there must be somethe other, nothing will answer but Newgate and Ty only anomaly is man. He alone is endowed with thing immortal. burn-tree !

powers, for which there appears no adequate range, Bat enough of this. Materialism is formidable enly | in the spot of earth on which he his fixed, and the point when viewed at a distance : when closely examined, it of time to which his existance is limited.' After a long is a system from which the mind revolts as perfectly 1 and helpless infancy, and a protracted period of intelinconceivable. They who require us to believe that lectual culture, his powers at length

, his powers at length expand in all their

For FEBRUARY, 1821. the intellectual manifestations of a Newton were a glory, and oft, alas ! how oft! when they have just mere corporeal function, resembling the secretion of opened in their meridian splendour, is he cut down as a bile, require us to stretch our faith, till faizb utterly flower and withereth? If this be his end, he is an

[To be continued throughout the year.) faiks us. “From such a monstrous doyma the mind wil. anomaly which in the wide expanse of creation stands kogly takes refuge in the belief of an immaterial being alone; a beacon set to record the fact, that, in the The only question then is, whether the existence of an mightiest works of omnipotence, something has been O Winds, howl not so long and loud; immaterial being be really probable? And who can niade in vain. But farther, can the being who has in

Nor with your vengeance arm the snow; doubt that it is not only probable, but certain and ne- (troduced such order and harmony into the whole ecocessary? The whole phenomena of nature compel us nomy and course of nature, be indifferent to the dis Bear hence each heavy loaded cloud, to believe the existence of a great First Cause. This order that pervades the moral world; to virtue writh And let the twinkling star-beams glow. cause must be a living agent; and this agent must, oting beneath the iron hand of oppression: to vice tric

In the course of this month all nature begins, as necessity, be independent of material organization; inumphant, raising its head and defying the face of other words, be must be immaterial. The existence of heaven; to deeds of foulest aspect unseen by mortal it were, to prepare for its revivification. God, as such an essence as an immaterial being, is, therefore, eye; to crimes of the blackest malignity of which no the Psalmist expresses it, 'renews the face of the not only probable, but necessary; and that this Being, human law takes any cognizance, and no human power earth;' and animate and inanimate nature seem to the great cause of all things, should create immaterial requireth vengeance ? No, it cannot be. There must | vie with each other in opening the way to spring. beings is fully as probable as that he should create be a harmony yet to be disclosed; there is there must | About the 4th or 5th, the woodlark, one of our material beings. Without pushing this argument far-be-something immortal. But in this great inquiry, I earliest aud sweetest songsters, renews bis vote: a ther, then, there is no improbability in the belief of an shall we allow nothing to the operations of mind itself,

to the power, that we feel within, which revolts from

esent: week after, rooks begin to pair; the thrush sings; immaterial soul. Now, if thought be not a function of matter, we have the thought of ceasing to be? Whence the sublime

and the yellow-hammer is heard. The chaffinch no reason to suppose that it should be affected by any conception of surviving the wreck of matter? Whence

sings; and the redbreast continues to warble. Turchange in the conibinations of matter. What is death? | the might that animates the good man, while with key-cocks strut and gobble. Partridges begin to It is merely a change of combination. That wbich

pair; the house-pigeon has young ; field-crickets was formerly a living body is then resolved into | knowledce of mind is derived entirely from conscious.

open their boles; missel-i hroshes couple; and orygen, hydrogen, carbon, and azote, and various newness. mess. We observe numerous bodily actions which in

wood-owls hoot; gnats play about, and insects combinations of these elements. If thought, as we ourselves result from mental operations, or, in other

swarm under sunny hedges; the stone-curlew cla. have seen, has no affinity to master, we have no reason words, are manifestations of mind; but the question mours; and frogs croak. to suppose that it should be affected by such a change comes to be, do these necessarily imply mental opera By the latter end of February, the raven has of combination. But thought is something active, and tions? What do we see in the automaton! It moves, most, therefore, be the function of an active living be- it writes, it draws figures, it performs music, it plays commence their subterraneous operations. About

generally laid its eggs, aod begun to sit. Moles ing. It is therefore, in the highest degree probable, chess. These actions are in ourselves manifestations this time the green wood pecker is heard in the that be being which thinks shall continue to think of mind, but here they are the result of mere mechan. after has change which we call death; and if it con- | ism, set in motion by an impulse communicated by

woods, making a loud noise. Bullfinches return to tinue to exist and to think after that change, have we the exh the exhibitor. Why may we not suppose that certain

our gardens in February, and though timid balf the any reason to believe that it shall at any time cease to manifestations in animals may result from particular

year, are now fearless and persevering : the miserist. We never knew any thing cease to exist. All arrangements of matter, ordained by the Creator to chief effected by these birds at this period is greater ter the change which we call the death of an animal act in a certain manner, and to be set in motion at cer.

than is perhaps supposed, and we are deprived of a body, it can be demonstrated, upon the strictest prin

tain times by bodily feelings or by an impulse commu large portion of the produce of many of our best ciples of chemistry, that not a particle of that body

nicated through the senses. They resemble the mani-fruit-trees by this insidious plunderer. The idea ceases to exist. We have no conception of annihila festations of mind, but they are clearly distinguished that has been entertained sometimes, that they tion; our whole experience is against such an idea. from them

from them. We call them instinct; and even in the only select such buds as contain the larva of an inNow, the being which thinks and reasons has a real highest degrees of it we perceive the line drawn with esistence. independent of any combination of matter. I great precision betwixt it and reason.

seci, and so render os a kindness by destroying a We have no reason to believe that it is affected by any The acts of animals that are regulated by instinct,

colony in embryo, is well meant, but not the fact, change in the combinations of matter, or that it is itself we have every reason to believe, are called into action

They are very dainty and particular in their assortresolvable into elements; bave we then any reason to by bodily feelings, or by impressions on the senses,

ment, seldom feeding on two species at the same conceive that it should ever cease to exist ? None

and they are regulated by fixed and determinate laws. time, commencing with the germs of the large or wbatever. le is, therefore, in the highest degree pro

This uniformity and regularity shows something re- early gooseberry. When the cherry buds begin to bable that it is immortal.*

markably different from those actions in man which swell, he quits the gooseberry, and makes tremen

are governed by reason. These are called into action, dous havock here: the Orleans and gage plums We are aware of an objection that may be urged not by impulse, but by motives, and motives are ad- | next appear, and attract him from the remains of ainst some points in this argument: that it leads dressed to mind fence a power of reasoning and the cherry: having banquetted awhile here, he leaves to the belief of an immortal principle in brutes, or in deliberating; of acting or abstaining from action : of

our gardens entirely, resorting to fields and bedges, the words of a late writer, " It immortalizes the dog following a present impulse or of resisting it, under

where the sloe in April furnishes him with food, till that barks at us, and the insect that annoys us in our the influence of a motive which refers to something sleep.” Now, though this were really a fair inference future, and which consequently can exist only in mind.

May brings its plenty, and the pleasures and from the argument, it would neither destroy nor wea- | This power of being influenced by the future in oppo labours of incubation occupy bis time, and draw ken it ; it would have nothing in it of the nature of a sition to present feelings and present impulse, indicates him from our observation, reductio ad absurdum, but would leave the great ques. at first sight the remarkable distinction betwixt reason The Aowers of the crocus appear, before their tion of the immateriality of the human soul quite un- and instinct; betwixt man and animals. We see its leaves are grown to their full length ; the barren affected. But is it really such a consequence of the influence in man in the daily occurrences of life, and it strawberry ; the laurustinus; and the yew tree, are argument? We conceive that it has nothing to do leads us to the high principle of moral responsibility, in Aower. The elder-tree begins to put forth its with it. We have already alluded to the important to which animals exhibit nothing in the smallest degree Aower buds, and the catkios of the hazel are very distinction betwixt an immaterial soul, and the mere analagous. There may be in animals much appear. condition of organic life. The latter we have not the ance of contrivance and sagacity; but whenever there

conspicuous in the hedges. The gooseberry-bush slightest reason to consider as immaterial, but merely is this acting upon impulse, and this inability to resist apa in

and the red currant show their young leaves about as a property superadded to matter in a particular state impulse under the influence of soniething future, there the end of the month. The hepatica, unless the of combination, for in the zoophytes it is divided. is nothing of the nature of mind or soul, nothing of the weather be severe, gives brilliance to the garden The objection, theretore, can only apply to the higher nature of moral responsibility, and nothing that we with its bright pink flowers; and the hounds-tongue classes of animals, in whom we perceive something have the slightest reason to believe is either immaterial with its more modest flowers of pink or light blue. Desembling the manifescations of mind. Now, our or inmortal. On this point and several others con- | Many plants appear above the ground in February,

THE GENEVESE - MEETING OF THE

WATERS." BY THOMAS MULOCK, ESQ. (LATE OF LIVERPOOL)

but few lowers, except the snowdrop are to be found. This “icicle changed into a flower" is sometimes fully opened from the begioning of this mootb.

Pheasant-shooting usually terminates about the ' Ist, and partridge-shooting about the 15th, of this month.

lo ibis month early potatoes are set, hedges repaired, trees lopped, and wet lands draiued. Poplars, willows, osiers, and other aquatics are planted.

The few tine days towards the latter end of Fe- bruary afford many opportunities of cultivatiog our knowledge of Nature, even in her minutest works.

But it has fled to brighter skies,

Upheld on Seraph's wings,
To reap the never-fading prize

Of all its sufferings.
And though a little while our feet

May tread this vale of tears,
Yet, gentle Spirit ! soon we meet

Where endless joy appears.
Oh! who would wish alone to stray

On Life's deserted waste,
When all the ties that bid us stay

Are withered and past;
But for that promise, smiling bright,
· Which cheers our pathway's gloom,
And points to realms of calmer light

Which lie beyond the tomb ?
This little span will soon be sped,

And when that moment's nigh, The ray which gilds our dying bed

But lights us to eternity. Drogheda-place, 29th Jan. SINCLAIR.

There are spots of creation, where Nature imparts, Thro' her soul-stirring beauties, such joy to our hearts, That the thrilling remembrance, wherever we ruam, Sends us back to the scene, as if there was our honie. And we live in this past, as the moment I live, In the distant delights recollection can give; Till all my waked feelings, wish tenderness fraught, On Geneva are fix'd, with a fulness of thought! And before me, snow-vestur’d, austerely arise The Alps, whose proud summits are lost in the skies; And, beneath me, and by me, like arrows are fous, Thy far-darting surges, bright blue-rushing Rhone! And in swiftness is safety; for, see by the side Of the current of crystal what dim waters glide! 'Tis the Arve, on whose surface no sun-beam can play: While the Rhone, glancing glories, pursues his fun way. And thus be Thy fortune, who, far from my gale, Art enshrin'd in my memory, my hopes, and my late: Still move, in chaste brightness, thy lustre as clour, Prom a dark world's taint, as the stream that shina here

Poetry.

(ORIGINAL.]

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TO THE RAINBOW.

BY T. CAMPBELL.

TO BETSY.

And art thou gone, thou lovely one !

And left this mortal sphere,
To soar beneath a brighter sun

Than ever lit thee here?
Oh, short and sad, through pain and woe,

Thy pilgrimage has been,
Unmarked by. Pleasure's sunny glow,

Neglected, and unseen •
No lightsome Morning's joyous bea.

Dawned o'er thy infant breast;
No softened Twilight's mellow gleam

Shines on thy last, sad rest.
Thy life has been one struggling ray,

With tears and clouds o'ercast,
and linger'd through a winter day,

And feebly sunk at last :-
Like dewy rose, at morning light,

We saw thy bud appear ;
Like it, thy leaf, at coming night,

Still trembled with a tear :
· We saw thee pine ; and, day by day,

Upon thy angel-face,
We marked the hues of pe'e decay.

Their silent progress trace: .
And, oh! that bitter, bitter task,

To watch the fading eye,
And see the hope, we dare not ask,

Quench'd in thy agony:
And still, at times, a smile would stead?

Across thy palid cheek,
As if you wished to make us feel

The hope you could not speak :
And someti nes, too, a sudden gleam:

Would brighten in thy eye;.
But soon we found it all a dream,

A sad, fond mockery.
We did not wish thy soul to keep

From out a purer sphere;
But, oh! we could not help but weep,

To lose, tby, spirit here..

When first I heard thee speak, I thought

Or rather I believ'd,
'Twas melody by magic wrought,

Or heav'nly harp that breath'd :
But when I saw thee dance, my heart

Began with joy to beat,
And take as blythe and quick a part

As thy enchanting feet.
And when thy song of rapture fillid

My lisi'ning ear; my soul
Pregnant with admiration thrillid,

And gasping clasp'd the whole ::
But when I gaz'd on thee my love,

'Twas like some cheating dream,
Nor could my eyes from thee remove,

Thou fairest of the scene.
Once I must confess they turned,

'Twas when those eyes of thine,
Saw that I impatient burned,

To press thy lips divine :
For who uninov'd can see thy face,

Those lips and lovely eyes,
Or who can view, such peerless grace,

Without a thousand sighs.
Ah! none, so Betsey cautious be,

For some thy peace would kill,
And see thee fade with wicked glee,

A victim to their will;
They'd watch the roses from thy cheek

Depart, with tearless eye,
And even hear thy heart strings break,

Without a single sigh.
But one there is whose love for thee,

Can never be surpass'd,
Whose arm will shield like lofty tree

The feeble from the blast ;
Who shares the joy and all the care

Attendant on thy frame,
And will, shouldst thou be false as fair,

While living, feel the same.
Speak, then, and bid these tumults cease;.

And let my bosom know,
From henceforth nothing else but peace,

Or pain and endless woe:
And should it be that thou art true,

I shall indeed be bless'd;
But if thou'rt false, dear Girl, adieu

Anticipate the rest.
Liverpool, February, 1821.. BELIAMY.

Triumphal arch, that fill'st the sky

When storms prepare to part,
I ask not proud Philosephy

To teach me what thou art.
Still seem as to my childhood's sight

A midway station given,
For happy spirts to alight

Betwixt the earth and heaven.
Can all that optics teach unfold

Thy form to please me so,
As when I dreamt of gems and gold

Hid in thy radiant bow;
When Science from Creation's face

Enchantment's veil withdraws, What lovely visions yield their place

To cold material laws ! And, yet fair Bow, no fabling dreams

But words of the Most High, Have told why first thy robe of beams

Was woven in the sky. When o'er the green undeluged earth

Heaven's covenant thou didst shine, How came the word's grey fathers forth

To watch the sacred sign!
And when it's yellow lustre smiled

O'er mountains yet untrod,
Each mother held aloft her child

To bless the Bow of God. Methinks, thy jubilee to keep,

The first-made anthem rang, On earth delivered from the deep,

And the first Poet sang. Nor ever shall the Muse's eye

Unraptured greet thy beam:
Theme of primeval propkecy,

Be still the Poet's theme.
The earth to thee its incense yields,

The lark thy welcome sings,
When glittering in the freshened fields

The snowy mushroom springs. How glorious is thy girdle cast

O'er mountain, tower, and towna Or mirror'd in the ocean vast

A thousand fathoms down! As fresh in yon horizon dark,

As young thy beauties seem, As when the eagle froin the Ark

First sported in thy beam. For, faithful to its sacred page,

Heaven still rebuilds thy span, Nor lets the type grow pale with age

That first spoke peace to make

( Written for the Kaleidoscope.)

| a style which was peculiarly bis own, baving never | Last Minstrel. For some years, in the language of

been used before by any Eoglish poet. Justead of GRAY at the head of this paper, bis tin HORÆ OTIOSA.

that smoothness in the sound, which had previously “ Thoughts that breathe, and words that burn

been the aim of most of our poets, be substituted a - are heard no more :" No. V.

kind of verse just suited to give vent, in the most and, in the language which he makes use of in the WALTER SCOTT.

expressive manner, to bis enthusiastic genius. He introduction to one of his own poems, addressing

hurries the reader on from page to page, froin cauto bioself to the Genius of Scottish Poetry, we would ** Hark! his hands the lyre explore !

to canto ; for it is not when one canto is perused I say to his Muse: Bright-eyed Fancy, hov'ring o'er,

that the charm is dissolved: it is not until the vo ** O wake once more ! Scatters from her pictur'd urn

lume is finished that we are able, as it were, to col. Thoughts that breathe, and words that burn. lect our scattered, wandering senses. Our feelings

And if one heart throb higher, at thy sway, But, ah! 'tis heard no more."

Gray.
ilien are those of ove, who in a moment of time

The wizard note has not been touch'd in vain ; could be carried through the universe, and catch a

Then silent be no more; Enchantress, wako again!" Dazzled by that halo of glory which the constel. glance at all the kingdoms of the world. When the Lirerpool, January, 1821.

B. 2. Jarinn of Genius cast upon the poetic world at the book is closed, we are not able to unravel the conDampiog of the last century; a constellation, in tending passions wbich bave seized us; we turn ith Pore shone as a star of the first magnitude, back with delight to those passages which have

THE CHINESE JUGGLERS, and in which GAY, PARNELL, and others, were so

NOW EXBIBITING AT THE BOTTOM OF LORD

fforded this raplurons pleasure ; and having been couspirvous, men were for near a century content already hurried on with the poet, and been forced

STREET. with reading, adıniring, and imitating the works of to feel his powerful sway, and to own the command These aathars, none daring to turn into an unbeated which he can exercise over us, we seem ouder the

We seldom insert any article of the nature of an adver. ait or to make use of armns which had not been spell of some magic influence, and are not masters

ment in the Kaleidoscope ; but the extraordinary peri proved by these mighty combatants; and, as a of our own feelines; we make a boast of our slavery.

formances of the Chinese Jugglers deserve to be put walural consequence, scarcely a single poet of first and idolize our conquerors.

upon record in our pages, as matter of reference for * Tale talents is to be found, from that period to the If that man be the greatest poet who possesses the the curious and the philosophical; and it is obvious 139 beginning of the present century, with the excep- most unbounded control over the hearts of his that such a record may as well be made while these pe stion however of GRAY, who, had he written no readers, and if poetry be an indescribable something bing but the Ode on a distant prospect of Eton which takes full possession of, and unbounded com

interesting strangers remain in town, so that they College, would yet have deserved to stand secundus mand over its volaries ; if it consist not in a studied

may share the benefit of its effect upon our readers, lli Cowper, as already mentioned (see No. 1. of application of any rules or forms, but in a sort of

as when they may be in distant places, and the stateT hese sketches, was destitute of that enthusiasm and continued rapture, which animates the poet, and

ment we have subjoined rendered difficult of proof. apiure, which constitute the very soul of poetry; I almost convulses his reader; theo WALTER Scott The following is a list of their performances, which ret he charms by his smoothness and playfulness, must be ove of the first, not of modern or of English they repeat every day at 12, 4, and 8 o'clock. nd, above all, by the purity of his language and poets, but (par ercellence) of poets. deas. Servile imitators, it has been justly remarked, This overpowering spirit of poetry, as it is called ist. Throwing about three gilt balls in various diree.

opy the fiulis instead of the excellences of those by a great writer, * who says, and truly says, tbat. tions, with amazing velocity, making them form circles ļ bow they set before thein as ipodels of excellence; by labour a map may become a tolerable imitator of every denomination round the head, neck, legs, arms, ..and when, instead of relying upon their own strength, of SPENCER, SHAKSPEARE, or MILTON, but un.

&c. horizontal, perpendicular, elliptic, &c. which to the **** ind boldly daring to stand or fall unsupported, they less he be born a poet, he will never attain the true

eye appear perfect rings. to oihers more powerful than themselves, their spirit of poetry," is possessed in a great degree by I and catching it sideways upon the flat of the hand, then

and.-Tossing up a large China basin to the ceiling, reakness is betrayed, often merely by a comparison | WaLTER SCOTT, and is visible in every page of his turning it upside down in various ways, making it apurith the superlative excelleoce of their model. The productions : it is particularly so in the following pear to the beholder as if glued to the hand. atbusiasm which had inspired Pope and his con.

extract from the most adınired of bis poems, the 3rd. From under the carpet on which the performers mporaries was inherited, in a very small degree, I Lady of the Lake:

| walk, and where it appears impossible to conceal any yibeir successors; consequently, the failures of

“ He paus'd; the word his vassals took ;

thing, an immense flower-pot is produced, afterwards a bu seir innitaturs gave adiditional lustre to their talents

With forward step, and fiery look,

large basin full of water, and live fish sporting in it; I ad success; and of the numerous poets who have

On high their naked brands they shook :

and, lastly, a large China dish, entirely filled with eggs. prung up for the last century, few are now even

And first, in murmur low,

4th.-Several very curious and diverting evolutions sead, and most have sunk into deserved neglect or Then like the billow in his course,

are performed with three small sticks, which are well

worth the closest attention. blivion.

That far to seaward finds his source,
Their productions, it is true, often ac.

And flings to shore his monstrous force, ise an ephemeral popularity, rather in consequence

5th.Upon an empty China plate a shower of nuts the worth of the subject, than of the manuer in

is made to fall from an empty handkerchief!
Burst with loud roar the answer hoarse,
Woe to the tyrant ! woe!'

1 6th. With eight solid brass rings, in none of which hich it was treated. Who, for instance, now reads

Benan's grey scalp the accents knew,

can any break be discovered, one of the artists performs engmerous productions of PETER PINDAR, which

The joyous wolf from covert drew,

several very curious tricks; namely separating and exhi. ice were so mucb adipired? the subjects upon

The exulting eagle scream'd afar ;

biting them, nay, handing them about singly for inspecbich be wrote, are to us destitute of interest, which

They knew the voice of Alpine's war."

tion among the visitors, and then, at one touch, linking caonot create by his ribaldry, his coarseness, or

Lady of the Lake, Canto 3, p. 109.

them together in various forms, sometimes like a chain, Es ten by bis wit.

a pair of spectacles, a globe, &c.; then shaking them

There are innumerable passages of equal or su-asunder on the floor. The reading world was inundated by rhyrnes, con

dl perior worth to the above in the works of Scott; 7th.--A large China bowl is thrown aloft, and caught ining a very moderate proportion of poetry, and pe

I but his roems being in general one connected story, I in its descent, bottom downwards, on the peint of a at, even if excellent in itself, yet losing much by

Tit is difficult to fiud passages which will not lose small stick, where it is spun and tossed about with great en parison with Pope and his contemporaries, in hose style it was written when WALTER SCórt most of their beanty by being separately introduced. / velocity ; and, to all appearance, with a certainty of de The following description of a Maniac, also from

struction. 'st made his ap. Parance in the character of a poet :

8th.-Several astonishing feats are performed with h which has the Lady of the Lake, is truly beautifui and natural: ugged as the world was by the trash which had

three large knives, which are Hung about with equal long been offered it, bis originality would have “ Such spoils her desperate step had sought, velocity with the balls, and caught in such a way as to

Where scarce was footing for a goat; sured him success, even had his pretensions beep

require great steadiness of nerve to behold, without apThe tartan plaid she first descried,

prehension for the safety of the performer. r beneaib what they were. His was not the slow

And shriek'd till all the rocks replied ;

9th.–At each end of a long cord or bowstring, is atraggling of the man of genius agaiost many oppo.

As loud she laugh'd when near they drew,

tached a large brass ball. With this cord and ball they eats; be had not to repel the calumnies or ihe

For then the lowland garb she knew :

perform with the most extraordinary activity and manageurping of criticism ; por had he to make repeated

And then her hands she wildly wrung,

ment that can be conceived. He makes those balls tly ppeals to the public, before he could obtain a fair

And then sbe wept, and then she sung.

round in every and opposite directions, each forming a earing : 80 sooner had he entered the lixts, as a She sung ! the voice in better time

separate and distinct circle, he himself holding the cord andidate for i he laurel wreath, than he received the Perchance to harp or lute might chime;

in only one hand at the middle. image of the mullitude; he copied no mau, hel And now, though strain'd and roughen'd still, 10th. ---One of the performers eats a quantity of cut isilaiped even to make use of the metre which had Rung wildly sweet to dale and hill."

paper blazing on fire, which he afterwards, apparently een subservient to his predecessors; and the only Even should this “highly gifted genius" he the

with great pain, discharges from his mouth and nostrils lebis seened to be, who should be fureurost or author of the famed Scotch Norels; yet, in the mouth at least one hundred yards of white riband, and

in smoke and real flame. He then draws from his Sudeer in the praises of one who had dared to out- opinion of many of his readers, they are far from afterwards as many more yards of red riband.

en the distinctions and boundaries which had being a satisfactory substitute for such poetry as Ilth.-A great quantity of the shreds of white paper Greviously been set up, to trust sulely to his own | Marmion, The Lady of the Lake, or the Lay of the is cut small, and put into a basin of water, covered up, wers, to give vent to the enthusiasm which in.

' which, on removing the cover is found to be a perfect spired hjm, iu the most rapturous style, and yet in

a John Westley.

| string of red paper, of nearly a hundred yards..

Scientific Records.

Mr

| This model has two iron knees on the starboard, | LUMINOUS PHENOMENA PRODUCED BY A FLOWTE and t

two on the larboard side. In the northern Mr. Johnson had last July, a fine plant, the Polyanthus

hemisphere, the upper ends of these knees will pos- | Tuberosa, about five feet in height, in blossom, in a 1 Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improve-sess a south, and their lower ends a portb polarity. | which heobserved emitted its effluvium most strongliata ments in Science or Art; including, occasionally, sin-On the vessel's head being turned either due porth |

sunset. One sultry evening, after thunder (it is believe

the 16th of July, on which day the thermometer stond gular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical,

or due south, it is evident that the compass placed 81 deg. in the shade) when the atmosphere was evidene's Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mine

| highly charged with the electric fluid, Mr. Johnsch was in the bioacle must be upaffected by the magnetic ralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural

surprised at seeing small sparks, or scintillations of alum influence of the iron knees. Remembering that Aame-colour, darted, with apparently excessive tarihe History; Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be continued in a Series through the Volume.) poles of a similar nature repel, while those of a dis- and momentum, from two or three of the expand

flowers, which were beginning to fade, and at the same similar nature attract each other, it is evident, that

time the odour was so powerful as to be palling and use on the vessel's head being tarned to the west, the pleasant. He could not perceive any difference in se MAGNETISM. knees on the starboard side will attract the portb strength of the odour at different intervals, but duri

the whole evening its intensity seemed to be equal end of the compass needle, and cause a deviation to

| He has subsequently noticed, that the smell from the We have perused with pleasure a pamphlet by the west ; which deviation will be assisted by the

Aower is most diffuse in the light, but has not az bywater, opritian, of this town, on the mag- I knees on the larboard side being possessed in their

observed the singular electric phenomenon, though

has nightly and attentively looked for it. During the netic deviation of the compass. It may perhaps be upper extremities of south polarity, and consequeutly time of the appearance of the flashes, or sparks, bers necessary to explain to some of our readers tbe repelling the southern extremity of the needle to the

anxious to know whether their emission was aheaded meaning of the term deviation of the compass, and

LLI by a crackling or snapping noise, as is the case wet

eastward. Jo precisely a similar manner it may be electric spark is elicited from a charging jar; bus, cough wherein it differs from the variation. The variation

shown, that when the vessel's head is turned to the he was most attentive, he was not conscick of beurre of the magnetic needle is well kuown to be a decli- leastward. the deviation will be easterly. In all the least noise. Edin. Journ. nation either to the east or west of the true north or other positions of the vessel's head besides these

INSTRUMENT OF DEATH. south. In the same geographical position, this vari-four (supposipy no other influential causes) it is ation is comparatively fixed; its regular annual plain, that the deviation must increase as the vessel's

“ We have seen the new-invented and descritte

repeating musket,' so called, calculated to distingen increase or decrease being very small, and the daily head approaches to the east or west, and decrease as eight single balls, in regular succession, where oscillations unworthy of notice in any other than a it gets nearer to the compass north or south.

space of about sixteen seconds. The musket has to theoretical point of view. The deviation, on tbe

locks, one at the usual place and the other nearly 1.

Mr. Bywater's mode of obviating the inconve- I way down the barrel; the balls are perforated, and asse? other hand, varies considerably, according to the niences resulting from this almost momentarily | fusce passes through each, which is lit by the premium relative positions of the vessel's head; on this sub-changing deviation is very simple : we give it in his

discharge, and communicates to the cartridge to vie

it is attached. The priming, in the first instance, and ject we will quote Mr. Bywater's abstract of Captain own words, cxtracted from a letter, addressed to the fire to by the lock fixed on the barrel, the trigger i Flinder's observations.-Ed. Kal. Lords of ihe Admiralty.

which is drawn by a wire, and the charge in the che " That the deviation to which we have just alluded! " Let a temporary ladder, or stage, about twenty | Dec. 6.

ber of the gun may be kept in reserve."-Hahfet page", arises from the magnetic influence of the iron on board feet high, be erected, just before the mizen-mast, ard

a ship, and does not depend merely, as some writers then place a good compass on the top, which, in all - have imagined, on a principle of magnetic attraction, probability, will be beyond the local attraction of the

has been rendered evident by the investigation of Cap. I ship. If this should prove to be matter of fact, it will tain Flinders. After he had made numerous experi- furnish a good standard by which the ship's compasses ments and observations on this deviating irregularity may be compared, whenever it is desirable to know of the compass, be discovered, during the progress of whether the iron on board draws them from their true

I am but a gatherer and disposer of other enti bis voyage, that this influence decreased as he ap-bearing. To take advantage of this arrangement, a

stuff.

Worte, proached the equator, but again increased as he pro person should go up to inspect this compass every time ceeded southward, which led him to imagine that it the ship goes about, or whenever there is any suspicion

TO THE EDITOR. followed some rule or law in its variableness; and, by I tha

law in its variableness ; and, by that the ship's compasses are influenced by the iron allowing to pass before his judgment the stores of al on board; and, from his report, and a comparison well-regulated memory, he made one of those happy with the ship's compasses, such remarks should be en. Sir,-Allow me to recommend to the peros * selections which often prove of the highest advantage tered in the log.book as will enable the sailing-master your readers a work, entitled Lacon, or maky/> to difficult investigations. It has long been known to to make those allowances in the day's work as shall ex-l in few Words, navigators, that the dipping needle, which almost actly counteract this local attraction. Perhaps this cor.

it is a collection of marins stands perpendicular in some high northern latitudes, I re

titudes, recting compass might be applied in the round top, if deductions from a survey of human life to take becomes less so as it approaches the tropical regions, there be not too much iron in that quarter, or it may and that, on the equator, it assumes an horizontal po- be applied in other parts of the ship, with equal, it not

ners, and exhibits much soundness of thinking wat sition. It is also known, that, after it has crossed the more durant

more advantage than the places mentioned; but. of some originality. The author has applied to be equator, one of its ends again becomes depressed in this practicamen will be

this, practical men will be the best able to judge.” power of observation and reasoning with a depan proportiori as it proceeds southward; hence, in all probability, originated Capt. Flinders's belief that this de. Two gentlemen sailing from this port, Captains

of freedom from all bias, which it is not usta." viation corresponded with the law of the dipping neeWilliams and Neverson, have given Mr. Bywater

meet with; and though he has occasionally folket dle. In the progress of Capt. Flinders's inquiry, his mind seenas to have been clearly impressed with the most satisfactory testimonials of the efficacy of his

the steps of his great predecessor, Rochefauciboho fact, that iron bars wbich have stood long in a perpeno plan, which, from its great simplicity and easiness

little too closely, there runs through his world dicular position in high latitudes, acquire a permanent

view of fairness that proves him to bave wall magnetic character. In the northern hemisphere the of application, we trust soon to see more generally

through the world with his eyes fully open t: 1 lower end uniformly acquires a northern polarity; and ) adopted. this fact, when associated with the magnetic varieties

streogth and its weakness.I send you a fer vil he had witnessed during his voyage, readily suggested to him the idea, that it was the upright pieces of iron

Maxims, as a specimen. METHOD OF PRODUCING LIGHT BY FRICTION, on board, which produced this deviation of his com

EVEN UNDER WATER.

Liverpool, 9th Feb. 1821. pass, from its being in a state of magnetism, a conclusion which subsequent experiments and observations Rub two pieces of fine lump sugar together in the 1. " When the million applaud you, serices! have completely established.

| dark; the effect is produced, but in a much greater de- yourself, what harm you have done; when they gree, by two pieces of silex or quartz : but that which

co sure you, what good?” << Although the experiments which had been made affords the strongest light of any thing is a white quartz |

2. “ We should act with as much energy as ("} from the Land's End, considerable quantities of which on the various ships at different ports completely de

inle are brought to Bristol, and enter into the composition of monstrated to men of science the magnetic principle ar

who expect every thing from themselves; sed! on which the effect in question depended, yet they were

should pray with as much earnestness as those" china ware. By means of two pieces of such quartz,

expect every thing from God." not of that obvious nature as to render them useful to pretty forcibly rubbed together, you may distinguish the

e time of the night by a watch : but, what is most surpris. all practical navigators; therefore, for the purpose of

but, what is most surpris- 3. “ We ask adrice, but we mean approbation showing the magnetic law which gives rise to what is

ing, the same effect is produced equally strong on rubbing 1 4. “ The greatest friend of Truth is called the deviation of the compass, I constructed a the pieces of quartz together under water.

greatest enemy is Prejudice; her constant car small model of a vessel, with moveable iron knees, that

* The white pebbles found on the banks of the Mersey, al. nion is Humility."

though not a pure quartz, answer the purpose perfectly well. paint out, in the most satisfactory manner, the mag. I It is singular that the friction is invariably accompanied by al

5.4 A great mind may cbange its ou Decic law which produces the effect in question." strong sulphureous emell,- Edl, Kal.

| cannot relinquish tbem; it must have somein?

The Gleaner.

bange its objects, heated

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