« AnteriorContinuar »
Then to the church on yonder brew
O Tummus, &c.
TO THE EDITOR.
SIR,— The following lines upon which I lately stumbled, but I do not exactly recollect where, are so applicable to those fair damsels who make coquetry their chief study and employment, that I should wish to claim a portion of your interesting publication for their insertion. I have in my eye one or two females of this description who are in the habit of perusing the Kaleidoscope, and to whose serious consideration 1 an anxious to direct this just delineation of a coquette ; and, in doing so, I am actuated much more by the hope of benefiting some of my fair townswomen, than the desire of holding them up to ridicule and contempt
indignation excited, even in London, by the conduct | And, though on Bosworth, Stoke, and Flodden Mount,
Old Isis murmurs in his tuneful flood,
desolate: would seek to spare such a miscreant as this?
| From scenes like these, back to thy native shire, (34.) By the lady Mary, is probably meant the Lady Witb brow more thoughtful, eye of temper'd fire, Henrietta Maria, or Henrietta Mary, as she is styled Wand'rer return! and, may thine onward life, on the monument in York Minster. (Gents. York, p. With all the glories of thy sires be rife! 106 ) This lady married, 27th Feb. 1654, Wilian, The loyalty for which they fearless bled, Earl of Strafford, son to the great Earl of that name. « The Stanley hand, Vere's beart, and Cecil's bead," (Whittaker's Life of Radcliffe, p. : 35, p. 295; Lady Oh! may Saturnian times return with thee, Russell's letters, p. 153, 205, 209 ) She died early in And wbát time-honour'd Lathom was, may Kuowslife; and without offspring. Lady Catherine married the Marquis of Dorchester. (Orford's R. and N. Authors, vol. 2, p. 35; Wood's Fasti, vol. 2, p. 22 ; | Collins's Peerage, vol. 2, p. 79) Collins and Seacombe agree in saying that Edward and Willian, sons of Lord Derby, died infants. A reference to p. 374, vol. I, of King James the ed's Memoirs, will show they are mistaken with regard to the former of these.
(35.) I am unable to entertain the reader with pedi. grees of Lady Derby's Captain's, “et nati natorum, et qui nacentur ab illis.” Of Henry Ogle, the fullest account may be found in Gregson's Lancashire. I suspect Capt. Chissenball, who fell at Marston the very year of ibis siege, neither paid £800 composicion money, as Lloyd affirms, nor wrote the book against popery atcributed to bim. Sir Edward Chipenhall sace
THOUGHT. as member for Wigan 1688, and for Preston 1690; and it is not impossible he did both these things. Capt. Edward Rawsthorne commanded in the second siege
What is that faculty in man called Thought, (Seacombe, p. 103) when Capt. Molyneux Radcliffe (nf. That sun within the system of his frame, the Ordsall family) performed prodigies of valour;
Which, when extinguished, he becomes as nought, and, after heading iwelve sallies, perished gloriously, whilst storming a fort.
A world of darkness, only man in name, (36.). The sacre, or saker, a piece of ordnance, so Lighting his actions to their destined aim, called from the rare female falcon of that name, found Round which his feelings roll, directing all in the levant (Gentlemen's Recreation, p. 50.) the root of both appellations is the Latin adjective in its least
In harmony, tho' changing still the same ? usual sense. The sacre carried a ball of 5% pound
It is a ray divine, a portion small weight, the diameter of the bore 3 9 16chs inches, the From God, making gross matter intellectual. length of the gun 8 or 9 feet. Sling pieces were small cannon used to shoot stones. (Grose's Military Anti |
And this is man, part earthly, part divine ; quities, vol. 1, p. 402.) Murtherer, was a larger species Spirit inhabiting mortality, of sling piece, and used in later years solely on ship- Till the frail structure does its charge resign, board. (Todd's Johnson) “ Wad, a chamber, or charge, made of Brass or iron, puc in at the breech,"|
Falls to decay, and sets the prisoner free. was disused soon after the rebellion, 1540-60.
The sun his light imparts continually, (37.) (May be cancelled.)
Still is his glory undiminished ; (33.) Demi-cannon "carried a ball of 32 pound
So God's eternal essence, given to me weight." The Culverin or Colubrine (Camden's re. mains, p. 238) “ was 54 inches diameter of the bore,
And millions, is as great as when he bade and from 9 to 12 feet long, carrying a ball of 18 pound: The dust to live, and like unto himself a being made. it is a good battering gun; but it is too heavy for a
Liverpool, June 23, 1821. field-piece." The Perier (Pedrero, or Patteràra) is engraved in Grose's Military Antiquities, vol. 1. 'On the subject of the noisy, and ałniost harmless, ma. chines, dragged after the armies of our ancestors,
SONG. Grey's Note to Hudibras, part 1, canto 2, v. 355 may be consulted with advantage.
TUNE. O Nannie! wilt thou gang wi' me ?”.
I do confess thou'rt smooth and fair,
BURNING OF WIDOWS IN INDIA.
« Invasion," in the errata, should be " inversion."
And now, gentle reader, thou hast reached the ter. mination of Notes, appended, with singular propriery, tö " the brief Journal of the Siege of Lathom House.”
Thy patience, and my abuse of it, have, alike, been extreme; yet, in parting, allow me (after the fashion of mine ancient friend Izaak Walton) to relieve the dulness my writing, and not my subject, has cast over thine oppressed eyes. Here be verses; take them, and read Fair Lathom is no more! Her goodly towers, Fashion'd for rugged war, or gaudy state, Het massy walls, her green and secrét bowers, Dowasbaken by the Roundhead's ceaseless hace ! Yet the bold spirit lives ; and yet the race Of Stanley fill their unforgotten place :
O Tummus, wilt o' go wi' me,
The interesting document we are about to pret sent to our readers affords one instance, amours very many others, of the utility and convenience of our mióor publication, the Kaleidoscope ; as id important debate on the lodian superstitious beau sacrifices would have been lost to our readers, at least in its present enlarged form, had we not possesser the advantage of the literary supplementary work, through the medium of which we are enabled i enter so much more at large upon the subject, that it is possible to do in a newspaper, wherein I* public naturally look for a diversity of miscellanesco information.
The debate, from which we now proceed to detail the most material and interesting poigts, is, foris. nately for the plan of our work, entirely diresledo party politics ; as both sides of the House laudabiy concur in their reprobation of tbese immolations, I them to be little else than murders) took | felt for the benefits which were conferred on wbich have generally been represented to be voluntary place contrary to the Hindoo law itself. By them, led them to believe that those by on ibe part of the victims; but which appear in too that law, females under sixteen years of age whom they were now governed must, in many iostauces to bear more resemblance to mur- were not allowed to ascend the funeral pile; some former period, have moved in a more ders, origigating in the most sordid motives. It is yet, it would appear from the papers for exalted state of existence, as they could not to be fervently boped, that, whether the immolation which he was about to move, that girls of otherwise account for the virtue, wisdom, of the widows of India partakes more of a suicidal twelve, thirteen, and fourteen years of age and talents which they displayed. The or murderous character, every measure within the had been sacrificed; and, in one instance, Honourable Gentleman then moved " for power of the British Legislature will be successfully a child of eight years old became a victim copies or extracts of all communications exerted, if pot to eradicate the lameotable supersti. I to the barbarous custom. By the Hindoo | received from India relative to the burning 1100, or the infamous dictation, in which the cruel
law, those widows were also exempted, of females on the funeral piles of their depractice originates, at least to interdict the repetition
who, in the event of their death, should ceased husbands." of such disgusting exhibitions throughout British
Ileave children behind them under three | Mr. BATHURST observed, that the House Jadia.-Edit. Kal.
years of age, unless sume security was given would understand this question much better that the intants would be taken care of. It | by a perusal of the papers which had been
was also specifically set down, that the sa- moved for, than from any partial statement Mr. Fowell Buxton, in moving for crifice should be perfectly voluntary; that that might now be made.“ Viewing the copies and extracts of all communications no drugs should be administered for the pur- question as he did, it was not easy to perfrom India respecting the burning of fe-pose of causing intoxication; but these ceive how Parliament could interfere in any males, disclaimed all intention of casting provisions of the Hindoo law were not com- way whatever. The honourable member reproach upon anybody; for he was aware plied with. No later than yesterday, he had (Mr. Buxton) admitted that no fault could that a feeling of delicacy upon the super-a conversation on this subject with a most be found either with the Government abroad stition of the natives, alone restrained the respectable gentleman, the Reverend Mr. or at home, in regard to their administration British authorities from interfering to pre. Thompson, one of the East India Company's of the internal affairs of India. If this were vent these dreadful spectacles. Still the chaplains, who stated, that as he was sailing the case, they ouglit to pause before they question was not, in fact, one of religious on a river in the neighbourhood of Calcutta, attempted any active interference with the toleration; but, whether murder and suicide he observed a crowd on the bank, and found religious prejudices of the natives. If the ought tacitly to be permitted under the that the people had assembled for the pur- legislature took up this question, the necesBritish jurisdiction. It might be sufficient pose of witnessing the burning of a widow, sary consequence must be the intervention for his purpose to state the extent to which who was then performing her last ablution. of public officers, to prevent breaches of the this shocking practice had been carried in When that part of the ceremony was con- Hindoo law by the natives themselves an one presidency alone; he meant that ofcluded, she was led to the pile, but she intervention, be it observed, connected with Fort William. Within the last four years, fainted repeatedly. The people began to points the most delicate that could be conin that presidency, 2,336 females had been grow impatient; and she was at last placed ceived. These persons would have to inseen to ascend and perish upon the funeral on the pile in an insensible state, and lashed quire whether a woman was ready to make piles of their deceased husbands. That was to the dead body of her husband. The un- a voluntary sacrifiee of her existence. And the number that had openly perished under fortunate creature, however, recovered her if they found that she acted voluntarily, and the eyes of the magistracy, exclusive of the senses, and struggled to escape. A Brah. I therefore did not fall within any of the exnumber which had been consumed in secret, min immediately placed a torch in the hand ceptions of the Hindoo law, then the na. or by the connivance of a mercenary police. of one of her children, who set fire to the tural and unfortunate consequence would By the Mohammedan law the practice was pile, and the whole was consumed in a few be, that the ceremony thus practised would discountenanced, and, therefore, in many minutes. He had also been informed of an be described as taking place after the inplaces discontinued; but it was to be re-instance where the family of the individual spection, and under the sanction, of a British gretted that it still prevailed to a great had not money to procure wood enough to officer. It was an extraordinary circumextent in countries under the British juris- form a proper pile. In that case, the child stance, that since the promulgation of cerdiction. Not only had the disciples of Ma- of the parties about to be consumed began tain regulations on this subject, the number hometabolished this practice, but the French, by applying fire to the face of his deceased of persons who had sacrificed themselves Dutch, and Danes had accomplished the father, and then proceeded to place the flame had been doubled. “In 1815 the nuniber was same object in their East India settle- beneath the body of his living mother. The 378; in 1816, 442; in 1817, 707 ; in 1818, ments. Many of the native princes, amongst fire soon took effect, but it was a consider. (1,339. In Calcutta alone, the number was, whom were the Rajah of Travancore, and able time before the sufferings of the unhappy in 1815, 153 ; in 1816, 289; in 1817, 442 ; the Peishwa, the latter of whom was a woman were terminated. Though he did in 1818, 544. Undoubtedly the increase Hindoo and a Brahmin, had also put an end not think it would be proper to put an end was in some measure attributed to an epide to this revolting custom. He hoped, that, to this practice by force, yet he was of mic diorder which raged in the country, the when the proper time arrived, the British opinion that the natives of India ought to ravages of which had deprived many women Government would exert their utmost efforts be restrained within the laws of their own of their husbands. The Indian Government to extinguish so great an evil, and show that religion. Beyond these they should not be doubted very much the policy of the interthey would not be behindhand with their suffered to depart. All these evils arose ference which had already taken place. If predecessors in the great work of justice from one cause the ignorance of the na- that were the fact, might it not be supposed, and humanity. He did not wish anything tives; and the only cure for them was their that the sort of sanction which the practise to be done on this subject which would be instruction. Every person, therefore, must would receive, if the Government here inlikely to excite the apprehension of the perceive how imperative it was on the Go-terfered, would tend to strengthen it, and natives of India, or to shock their religious vernment of the country, to extend, as far to render it more common, by drawing the feelings or prejudices; but he certainly was as possible, the benefits of education to the attention of the people more frequently anxious that steps should be taken to prove natives of India. He was happy to observe to it than in former times? He greatly the detestation with which this government, what had been done by the Governor-gene. I doubted, therefore, whether any interference Viewed so abominable a practice. Many of ral with reference to this object. The would be proper. The Honourable Mem. these murders (for, although they were natives began to admit the superiority of ber had spoken of the conduct of other Called voluntary sacrifices, he considered European intellect; and the gratitude they powers, and he had particularly instanced
the Mahometans, whom he denominated with the religious prejudices of the natives / was absolutely necessary to inquire of every persoa our “ predecessors," in the Indian Empire. of India.
about to be immolated, whether it was a voluolary The Mahometans governed with a rod
act done in comformity with the Hindoo law. No
Mr. WILBERFORCE said, the situation of individual was allowed to be burnt in Benares, of iron-they were a despotic power ; of the people of India always filled his mind unless the regulations of the Government were come and might certainly use means to carry any with the most painful anxiety. There were plied with. He was pretty sure that the instance point, which a free government never would 80,000,000 of their fellow subjects in that
alluded to by the Honourable Mem her for Bramber resort to. The Honourable Member also
had not occurred in the Company's territories; but country, over whose happiness they ought I what's
| what might have taken place under the Mabratta spoke of the conduct of particular European to watch with the tenderest care. It was, Government be could not tell. He doubted very governments which had abolished this prac- l however, but justice to say, that no people much the correctness of the observation made by tice in the East India settlements. He did on the face of the earth were better the Right Honourable Gentleman (Mr. Bathuru not, however, state the case as it really was, governed. He wished to see all super
when he said that this was not a proper subject for because those who were prevented from Istitious practices banished from
the consideration of Parliament, li was most es. among
traordinary, that a member of his Majesty's Govere. pursuing the practice in particular places, them ; but he trusted that nothing like vio ment, who had voted for a bill to prevent cruelty proceeded to some district in the neighbour- llence would be used in affecting that impor being exercised towards “ asses and mules," should
much the jurisdiction of the Go-tant object. He understood that it was think it improper to prevent the infliction of cruelly vernment did not extend, and there the sa. proposed to erect a large building in Cal.
(for cruelty it was in all cases) on the females of crifice was effected.
India. His opinion was, that the individuals bursed Thus it was at Se-l cutia for the purpose of educating mission
with their husbands were, in almost all cases, cartirampore. The Danes would not suffer any laries who were to be employed in endea ficed to the interest of ibose wbo were connected widow to be burned there; but the Brahmins | youring to convert the people of India. with them. If it were repdered necessary to take cat went to a place in the neighbourhood, where this plan (as we unders
2, where | This plan (as we understood the Honoura- a license, at an expense of 2 or 3,000 rupees for the the ceremony was performed. These, there-ble Gentleman) had his entire approbation.
privilege to burn ( A laugh) the evil would be reis fore, were no authorities at all. It was a The individual'with whom it had originated
much diminished. Though this, at first sight, apo
e individual with whom i nad originated peared ludicrous, yet the benefit which such a sp mere evasion of terms to say, because no was of opinion that if we did not attempt tem would produce could easily be explained. 1o scenes of this kind were acted within the im- Irudely to shock the prejudices of the natives, J large sum were demanded for a license, the relativa
, that there was no people more ready to listen to of widows, who now urged them to buro, would not therefore they had put down the practice. I the voice of instruction. With respect to
supply a rupee towards the expense, and the widows It was for the House to consider whether its the regulations to
would thus escape death. With respect to the plze
which the Right of building a college at Calcutta for tbe education would not be better to trust to the gradual Honourable Gentleman had referred, they of missionaries, he was convinced that it would proamelioration of the Hindoos, by the exten- I could not fairly be considered as the cause duce more mischief thao a positive law for indicting sion of education, the foundation of which of increasing the practice which his Ho
punishment on all who aided and abetted at the fa had happily been laid, and on which a moral
crifice of a female. He hoped the practice would nourable Friend (Mr. Buxton) wished to
ultimately be done away, but it would require a superstructure might be reared, rather than remove. That circumstance was mainly very considerable time. If the British Govertiment Lo sanction any legislative measure for the
attributable to the epidemic disorder which bad equal power over all the Hindoo states, il migde purpose of putting down this practice. The raged in the country. By the books of the soon be removed: but wbile some Hindoo Guvero. question had been discussed by the public Hindoos, those sacrifices ought to be volun
ments existed over which they bad vo porer, and press of India, with a warmth and freedom tary:but this, he believed, was very rarely the
by which the practice was tolerated, it could not be which he believed were quite new in that case. He recollected being told of an indi-| Mr. CANNING said, that, whatever shades of dif,
eradicated. part of the world. It was evident from those vidual, who, having heard that a widow was ference might exist with respect to some parts of productions, that the minds of individuals, labout to immolate herself, proceeded to the the present subject, there were two points on
obri there, were not prepared for a cool and ami-place. He was informed that it was a yo. every Gentleman appeared to cable discussion of the subject. The persons liuntary act.
T ously was, that it would be in the highest degree gra
But seeing the woman tied, lifying to every feeling of humanity if Ibis aboch. most interested were divided in opinion with he asked the presiding Brahmin, “Why havenable practice were eradicated; the second, that it 3 respect to the Hindoo law on the subject ; you bound this voluntary sufferer?”extremely desirable that the attempt made to attaa and authorities had been quoted on each « Oh," answered the latter, with great this ob side of the question. While they were dis- simplicity, so if she was not tied, she would interference on the part of the British Goveromear. cussing the matter between themselves in Irun away."
The only maiter for consideration lay therefore ko
He was desirous to do every ltween these two extremes; and in going over this way, would it, he asked, be prudent for thing to promote the moral improvement of ground, he begged Gentlemen to bear in files the legislature to interfere? In conse-I the natives of India : and he could positively ihat, of all the exercises of buman authority a quence of these disputes, circulars were dis. affirm, that there never was. perhaps, a se
affirm, that there never was, perhaps, a set of human discretion, tbe most difficult and des tributed by the government, stating what the of people in any part of the world more
licate was that of an interference, al once law was. The effect of this must evidently anxious to receive instruction, or more barshness of power. The problem wbich the la
fective, and at the same time divested of the be, to make the natives say to those who grateful to those by whom it was imparted. India Company had to solve was, thus, one of my would dissuade them from the practice, | That circumstance alone ought to induce difficulty and delicacy; and though he w • You have been telling us, that you felt Government to make every exertion in fa.
as you rent Government to make every exertion in fa. that this suhject was brought under the considera: great doubt with respect to the law, but Ivour of those efforts which were directed to
tion of the House for discussion, he could not nene here we have the actual authority of Go-l the amelioration of the people of India; cessary effect of discussion here must be greatny,
with those who thought that the immediate and to vernment. They have quoted the precise and from which, as his Right Honourable | facilitate or to abridge ibe task imposed on authority under which we have always acted. Friend had on
e nave always acted. Friend had observed, the most beneficial | dian Government. He rather thought tha! If we avoid certain exceptions, we have the
consequences might naturally be expected. I effect of any hostile discussion (none such, opdoes sanction of Government for contending that
edly, had occurred on this occasiop) or of any series | Mr. HUME wisbed to know how far the motion of interference or dictation on the part of Parlia the practice is legal, and an officer of the
the his Honourable Friend extended ? Because, if it did Government will even stand by, and see the not comprise the regulations of 1792, 1793, and wbich, in fact, wanted no such stimulus
use, it it did would not tepd much to stimulate that Gorert megle execution performed.” These regulations 1794, it would be defective. He bad lived at Be in this work. It would, perhaps, rather ala had produced the most serious mischief-a nares, where the Brahmins had their college, and natives of ludia; and, in consequence, occasions circumstance not at all contemplated, when I whicb iodeed might be considered the cradle of all relaxation on the part of Goveromeot with taken they were issued. He did not object to the
e their absurdities; and there, be believed, the regula- to the course which they might have thought propter
u tions bad produced a good effect. The Honourable to pursue, for the purpose of removing appreu production of the papers, but he hoped the Member for Bramber bad spoken of a woman having from the minds of the people of India. . Honourable Member would not call on the been forcibly tied to a log. Now, his belief was, mean to say, that ultimately the effect of legislature to sanction any active interference I that under the regulations of Goveroor Dookin, it might not be good; because the bands of Gore
should not be an
ke a coerent
rebepsioa Je diu pol discuss
nent would certainly be strengthened by the opi-, of the children of the Rajpoots, for instance, which | The novelty of the art proved considerably at Diops collectively aud individually expressed. But was made a capital offeuce. There was, among | tractive; but the want of talent, necessary to render That would not be the immediate effect. Iu a former another tribe,a singular aud horrible custom,--that it respectable, soon withdrew from it public estima. session, when the Honourable Gentleman stated his of a man who fancied himself injured by some person tion, and the art was debased as being merely a care jotentions to make a motion of this kind, be (Mr. in power, collecting wood, making a pile of it, and ricature of Nature. But in 1802, Madame Tus. Caudiog) earnestly but civilly dissuaded him from placing at the top two living animals-a cow and an saud arrived in this country; and the public began bis purpose, because the information was defective | old woman, whom he saw consumed with fire; being to estimate modelled figures. Her collection was in one material poiot, namely, that though it was himself impressed with the belief ibat all the tortures patronized by some of the first personages in the
u possible then to say that the Governor-Gene- , which they suffered would be experienced by his | Metropolis. The difficulty of conveyance precluded Tai was joattentive to tbis object, or that he had enemy. Another case was that of the Brahmius, the the possibility of copying historical subjects, and
et porsued it in the most proper manner, yet they sacredness of whose persons throughout all India confined lier to the correct representations of single har no means of forming a correct judgment of was proverbial, and wbo had, in consequence, long I figures, which could not produce so striking an
be effects wbicb bad been produced. He would ask committed crimes with perfect impunity. In both effect as a proper combination of figures, naturally bis Honourable Friend (Mr. Buxton) whether, if be these instances, however, the British Government grouped; but within the last twelve months she has was legislating as the conqueror of a Catholic coun. | bad thought proper to interpose; and did so effec-| discovered a method which enables ber to improve try, he would thiuk his infuence well exercised tually. But this was not all: not only had they her collection to the extent of her wisbes; and as under these circumstances. Let him suppose one, interfered with respect to the native priests, but on a specimen of her success, she has prepared for ibe out of the many cases which would occur, of young one occasion they bad taken liberties with their inspection of the public an historical representation females offering themselves to take the veil before favourite God. (Hear, and a laugh. The great of the Coronation of Buona parte, copied from a Their miods could either be well made up, or accu-Jaggernaut was not exempled from their visitation; | fine picture, by David. The effect produced by it is rately informed with respect to the nature of the for there being some delay in the payment of the greater than the most sanguine lover of the arts could
nga venent they were about to coutract; would his revenue of a certain province, this goveroment laid | anticipate; the anecdote which marked Bonaparte's Hvourable Friend think that his jouence would their bands upon him, by way of security, and kept | Coronation is too well koown to require particular be well exercised by sending some one to inquire bim in pawo till the whole amount was paid up. detail: suffice it to say, that he crowned himself for the victim at the cloister or the monastery, in (Laughter.) The motion was then agreed to.
and bis Empress Josephine: it is this moment which order to examine her, and to tear her, upon her
the painter bas chosen. The Pope is represented in manifesting tbe slightest hesitation in answer 10
the act of giving his benediction; and the Cardinal also eucb inquiries, from the sacrifice that she was on
offers up his prayers for the prosperity of the new Emthe poiot of performing? The feelings of the Hin
peror; and a figure of a Mameluke seems to be actiog doos were not less acute upon such subjects than
[From a Correspondent.]
The part of Champion. The whole produces an enwould be those of the destined nun in the imaginary
tirely novel effect, and bids us still hope to see case which he had just been citing. Tudia was to THE FINE ARTS, AS CONNECTED WITH THE this collectiou further improved and eplarged. We be regarded as a country retaining, by the habits of FIGURES BY MADAME TUSSAUD, NOW EXHI. were led to the above reflections by a desire to education as well as by our own policy, all its BITING,
place this truly pleasing art in its proper light; and ancient institutions. The Honourable Gentleman,
as we profess to be siucere admirers of whatever who made this motion, and of wbose speech he (Mr The study of the Fine Arts has always been en- tends to the improvement of tbe Arts and Sciences, Canning) was sorry tu have missed any part-so couraged by nations that pride themselves upon we trust the above will not be unioteresting to the much had be been gratified with that portion of it their advancement ia civilization, and the decline poblic. which he had heard had stated (not invidiously to of empires now fallen, and debased by misrule, was be sure, but in a way that might be open to such a marked by the decline of the Arts and Sciences. construction) that other conquerors in India, whom | The Greeks were the first who arrived at eminence,
Correspondence. we had superseded, had found no difficulty in ex- and this they owed to the encouragemeut given to tinguishing similar superstitious rites and sacrifices. artists by distributing national rewards for works of
TO THE EDITOR. But the Honourable Gentlemen must bave forgot-geoius. Statuary and Architecture occupied their feu, that by a singular and unprecedented indul. chief attention, and they have left behind them SJR,-Professing myself to be a plain Englishgenre of colonial policy we had left the religious speciinens which have never been equalled. The man and a Manchesterian, you must give me leave system of ludia as we found it. That system was not Romans, their successors in the cultivation of the to enter my protest against the illiberal remark of forcibly invaded by us, but merely placed under a arts, wisely encouraged them, as a means of lead your indefatigable correspondent Pyrus. more efficient protection than it had previously en-ing to that national refinement at which they soon I allade to a passage in his last letter, or (as he joyed. That protection, secured by us alone, the after arrived. It was then, that pajoting, so much modestly styles i hem) essays, io which he observes, rulers of an empire which contained upwards of an admired in the present age, was brought to an ex- that we breathe Bæotian air; or, in plainer terins, hundred millions of io habitants, without there being cellence which rendered it the admiration of all that ours is the land of dulness. Now, Mr. Editor, one amongst us who might fairly call one foot of Europe, and it was followed by the cultivation of is it to be tolerated, that, because a pedant chuses to the territory his own, was, perbaps, one of the most the minor liberal arts. Modelling in wax was not cram his writings with scraps of Latin (which not signal and splendid effects of human wisdom and introduced until the 101h century: it took its rise in the one half of readers in general understand;) is it human fortune wbich could be named. The Hon. the monasteries of Italy, where the monks used to to be borne, I repeat, that, upon his being respect. Gentleman had said, that it was to gradual means, place tlie figures of their patron saints on the altars fully solicited to give a translation, he should turn such as those which he had mentioned, that we must dedicated to them. They duly appreciated the effect round and task iben yriter with dulness; and not look for the improvement of these people, and that to be produced by the resemblance of real life; and him only, but the very air he breathes ; and for the diffusion of knowledge was the sole legitimate the custom is continued to the present day, particu. what? Why, truly, for not being so learned as bim. and effective mode of subduing ignorance. He larly in Sicily, where, and in oiber countries, figures self. I have observed, it has been very much the (Mr. Canning) concurred in this opinion; but be modelled in wax are carried in processions: hence practice of late, for such writers as Pyrus, to interibought also that this was the sole legitimate means arose the idea of forming collections of figures for lard tbeir compositions with French, Greek, and of subduing superstition. The Honourable Gen- exhibition. In Italy the art has been confined Latin. This answers a twofold purpose; first it tleman had seemed to hold out the conduct of the chiefly to scriptural subjects : but it was reserved tickles the author's vanity, as it shows his learning; Mohammedan conquerors as an example to be fol- for Monsieur Courcis, uncle to Madame Tussaud, and, secoudly, it is a great help to those whose ideas lowed by us; but the Honourable Gentleman well first to briog it to variety and perfection. He copied are not over exuberant, as it materially serves to knew tbat the great distinction between the two bistorical subjects so faithfully, that they bore a lengthen out the paper. I wish not to make an religions, professed by the two races of Conquerors, comparison with the great originals. His reward invidious comparison between our towns, but I cap. was, that the one was the religion of arms, and the was commensurate to his abilities : Louis the Six-not allow Manchester to be the region of dulness. other of persuasion; that the one bad fought its way teenth appointed him artist to bis family, with an Liverpool, no doubt, is, of the two, the more lite. with the sword, and that theother prevailed in spite of appropriate salary. His collection at Paris be-rary, it is the residence of a Roscoe ; but I think power; ard that this latter and purer faith must became the resort of every stranger who visited you must allow that the papers produced by our left to win its silent way among those nations before that capital, and his fame spread throughout Eu. Philosophical Society are of the first order. It was tbe total extirpation of their frightful sacrifices rope. His cabinet portraits were eagerly sought not my intention to trouble you witb so much writing would be looked for.
by the admirers of talrnt, and are now highly og so trifing a subject; bat, as honour pricked Mr. Powell Buxton, in explanation, hegged to prized as specimens of his skill, and are not me on, I hope you will excuse it. Herewith, I have observe, that if the East India Company bad unfor equalled by any artist since his time. How dif. sent you one or two more of my poetical attempis, tunately been advised to retract their regulatioos, ferent was the situatiou of this pleasing art in known only to myself. If you think thein worthy he should feel it his duty to bring that subject at an England! Some Italian, allored by the flou- of insertion, well and good ; if not, it will be the early opportunity before Parliament. The British rishing state of this country, began to model an some to your constant reader, Government in India had interfered in other cases exhibition which has for many years been well
ALCANDER. of almost equal enormity. There was the murder known under the name of the London Wax Works, Manchester, 27th June, 1821.
TO THE EDITOR..
is rather a scarce work; if you notice this in your THE LEARNED LANGUAGES. Our correspondent,
next Kuleidoscope I shall have an early opportunity! ALCANDER of Manchester, is somewhat too wartu -S1R,—The letter of A. Q. W. who exposes the ano- of sending both down free of expense to a friend in
with PYRUS, and other writers who occasionally-in*malies, and shows the capriciousness of our language, Liverpool, who, I understand, is acquainted with
terlard their compositions with quotations from fo\ is deserving of attention. I am ignorant of the sixth you, and would deliver them safe, and probably
reign or dead languages. It very often happens that sound of the letters ough, unless it be the word lough." call at your office for the poem when you bave done
the idiom of one language is much better adapted
for the expression of a particular idea, than our nawith it. Yours, · I remember reading, somewhere, an epigram, where
tive language; and in such instances we can see no A CONSTANT READER.
pedantry in the adoption of the more suitable phrase. the letters ough were often repeated in a very small
Plouery Field, Hyde, near Manchester,
We agree, however, with ALCANDER and A SUB. compass. The lines were on the occasion of Bishop.
15th of June, 1821.
SCRIBER from Manchester, that such foreign auril. Goodenough preaching before the House of Lords, in
aries should be as sparingly used as possible, and
seldom employed, when our native force is competent 7806 or 1807. They ran as follows:
0} We feel obliged to our correspondent for his polite offer of the work in question, which we shall peruse and
to accomplish the purpose. But we must protest “ 'Twas right enough, that Goodenough take proper care of. In consulting a biographical notice
against our correspondents quarrelling on the subject; Before the House should preach; of Cotton, we find, however, in reference to the work
and it is with regret that we foresee a gathering For, sure enough, quite bad enough in question, the following comment: “A poem, pub
storm, which we must endeavour to avert, by the lished by Cotton, in 1681, entitled Were those he had to teach.
suppression of irritating phrases, which in our
The Wonders of the Peak,' shows that he was absolutely disqualified for
judgment are more harsh than the occasion jus. Yours, &c.
tifies. describing the sublime or beautiful scenes of nature."
One of the correspondents, we have just CANDIDUS. Edit. Kal.
noticed, has pressed into his service the high authe
rity of the Prince of Poets, rather happily in the * In Johnson's Dictionary, lough is said to be Irish
following lines: for lake ; and Walker pronounces it lok. If this be
"O, good my Lord, no Latin;
THE CORONATION JUBILEE, admitted as the sixth sound of ough, there is a seventh,
I am not such a truant since my coming, au, to be found in the word thought.- Edit. Kal.
As not to know the language I have lived in:
Pray speak in English : here are some will thank you. TO THE EDITOR.
If you speak truth."
In addition to the variety of amusements which are FEUILLE D'ANNONCES JUDICIARES, &c.—The sin. said to be in the contemplation of our Mayor and
gular advertisement for a rara avis, with a copy of SIR,- If you think the following suitable for
which we have been favoured by a friend, shall appear your Kaleidoscope, I should be glad to see it inserted Corporation to gratify the people, on the day of the in our next, with a translation; without sbich se the first opportuoity.
Coronation, I think it would afford, considerable must not presume to introduce it, lest we should relo a remote part of Newton, in Cheshire, not far amusement, if there should be a SWIMMING RACE
kindle the wrath of certain of our correspondents, wbo from Ashton-under-Lyne, there lies a gravestone
are so truly English as to hold every other living or over the body of ope James Hill, who, it seems,
in the Regent's Dock; a sort of St. Leger Stakes; dead language in sovereign contempt. strangled bimself (according to tradition) in a wood admitting as many candidates as chose to enter the | AMATEUR is informed that we shall, in all probability. not far distaut; and the public feeling being so lists, each of whom should be furnished with a light introduce into our second volume, the series of critical much excited by so uncommon a circumstance, at I and decent dress for the occasion, as worn in many
situations in the game of Draughts, according to the that time, expressed a wish tbat his body might be
promise we made at an early period of our career. interred at three lane ends; aod a stone laid upon
of the swimming schools abroad. The number of
expert swimmers in this town, since the establishthe place with an appropriate inscription, to cast
CHARMING OF SNAKES.—We some time ago received
an interesting article on this subject, transcribed fro an odium on so shocking a deed. ment of the Floating Bath, has become very consi
the Calcutta Journal, by some kind friend, to wbs. The literati in the neighbourhood were called derable; aud the extent of the dock would put them we believe, we have unintentionally neglected a upon to compose something for the purpose, and a
make our acknowledgments until now. We sho upon their mettle. A prize might also be provided remuneration held out for the best production.
take an early opportunity of giving it a place in cu The competitors were numerons. The successful for the best diver, which would be productive of still columns. candidate for poetic fame was the late Thomas Moss, greater amusement. Yours, &c.
RAUF BOBBIN has some humour, but is rather to one of the seven sons of the late John Moss, of Lirerpool.
coarse. The disorder of the animal to which he sAshton-under-Lyoe, of ringing celebrity.--The in
ludes would afford as little amusement to our reader: scription is, '.
as to the poor creature itself.
THE CAVALIER. “ Here was deposited the body of the unfortunate James
If CENSOR is bent upon breaking a spear in our arest Hill, late of Droylsden; who ended his life, May 6, 1774, in The newspapers have attributed the new work, called
it must be with a champion' who will not disgrace th: the 42d year of his age.
“The Cavalier," to some of the Roscoe family. This list. The thing which he would tilt, is really man “Unhappy Hill with anxious cares oppressid, report, we are assured from undoubted authority, is
mean to excite anger, or any other sentiment ta Rashly presum'd to find in death his resta
utter contempt. There are things so filthy, thai, wholly unfounded. With this vague hope in lonesome wood did he
use a kitchen phrase, one would not take them up Strangle himself, as jury did gree;
even with a pair of tongs. For which a Christian burial he's denied, And is consigned to lie by this way side.
STEAM ENGINE NUISANCES.—The evidence tato
on this important subject before the Committee on the "Reader, reflect then, what may be the consequence of
House of Commons, shall be inserted in the nert er a crime which excludes all possibility of repentance." Town EMBELLISHMENTS.-The letter of Pyrus
the succeeding number of the Kaleidoscope, illastrated Que of the competitors (the late Isaiah Bardley) shall have a place in the first number of our second
by a wood-cut. feeling himself chagrined at his own production
volume this day se'nnight. The proposal to convert not being accepted, wrote the following parody on
the old stone quarry behind the Mount Gardens, into A CONSTANT READER, who has favoured us with an
a beautiful cultivated promenade, was suggested in the extract on the Pores of the Skin, &c. will oblige that of Moss; which is said to have had such an
Mercury, vol. 8, pages 414 and 416; and we under- by further communications at his leisure. effect on the mind of Moss that he never could for stand, from unquestionable authority, that estimates get it. The parody is,
have subsequently been made of the probable expense
ARREARS.—The necessity we were under to complete the Unhappy Moss! with itch of verse oppress'd, of clearing and laying out the ground, and planting it
“ Walks in Derbyshire," and the “Notes to the Rashly presum'd to rhyme himself to rest; with variegated shrubs. We have been told that it
Siege of Lathom House," within the first volume, bas With this vague hope, in rueful style did he . would require a considerable sum of money to carry
induced us to extend it to 53 numbers instead of 52. Write six bad lines, as judges do agree, the plan into execution ; but we trust that circum
and must plead our excuse for the transfer of pas Which even a Pagan funeral were denied ; stance will not operate upon a wealthy and public
communications to our next volume, to which it s And, to be laugh'd at, laid at this way side. spirited Corporate Body; particularly when the capia
our intention to devote the most unremitting care to tát employed would be so soon repaid, with good in
render it worthy of the very flattering patronage it tas I have what I conceive to be a good specimen of terest, by a small toll, to be paid by all visitors. The
attained, not only at home, but abroad. Amongs the pompous style of writing which I transcribed number of labourers which would be requisite to com the articles displaced to enable us to complete the from an American paper above forty years ago. plete so grand a metamor bosis, is another strong arrangements alloded to are J. N. S.PRO Boxo Also, the “ Wonders of the Peak," a poem of the 17th recommendation of the measure. We shall have
PUBLICO_G.P.-THÉODOBIUS TIGHT LACEcentury, by Charles Cotton, Esq., author of " Virgil occasion to resume the subject next week, when we READERA QUEER TAXE-IN-H.-AVERY OLX Travestie, translator of the Essays of Montaigne, 1 notice the communication of PYRUS, with whom we
Man. &c. whicb I think would not be unacceptable to differ somewhat upon certain minor points.
Letters or parcels not received, unless free of charge. many of the pumerous readers of the Kaleidoscope, The word preventative, in the last Kaleidoscope, is, of and should have no' objection to favouring yon with
course, a typographical error, and ought to have been Printed, published, and sold by E. SMITR and a both, on condition that you return the poem, which preventive.
54, Lord-street, Liverpool