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eagerly consulted by every man of science, and were as iodustriously pursued with considerable ad- The election of President is aanual, but the praised with a warmth that might well encourage vantage; but the vessel unfortunately striking upon Sveiety considerert itself too fortunate in its choice young men of fortune to seek the same approbation a rock, injured it so much as to threaten the destruc- to think of changing bim when the period of re by the same means. The curiosity of paturalists tion of all on board. This occasioned a considerable election returned. For the first three or four years was turned towards the Dew world, as containing injury to Mr. Banks's botauical collections, a great of his Presidency, all went op in harmony and with ample treasure much less known, and more peculiar, part of which were entirely destroyed. From this extraordinary advantages to science : but notwith. than those which remained to be explored in the old. coast they steered for New Guinea. At Batavia, standing the zeal and assiduity with which Sir Joseph

To go the narrow round of the common fashion which they afterwards visited, every person belong- Bauks (who had been created Baronet in 1981) able tour, could appear but miserable trifling to a ing to the ship became sick except a sail-maker, an devoted himself to the duties of his office, and subyoung man whose mind glowed with a love of scien- old mag between seventy and eighty years of age, withstanding the general success of bis cares, discus. tific enterprise, and of the knowledge of nature. who got drunk every day. Seven died at Batavia, tents began to arise against him, eveu among the But to explore scenes unknown, and to contemplate and ihree and twenty more in the course of six most eminent members of the Suciety. A variety the beauty and majesty of nature where they had weeks after the departure of the ship from the har- of complaints, the fruit of misunderstanding and not yet been violated by art, was a plan of travel bouir. At length, on the 12th of June, 1771, the prejudice, were industriously circulated in regard to worthy of the desire and ihe contrivance of virtue survivors brought the vessel to anchor in the Downs, his conduct in the Presidency; it was said ibat and genius. and landed at Deal.

Science herself bad never beea more oignally in It was with such viers operating on his mind, Mr. Banks was received in England with eager sulted thau by the elevation of a mere amateur to that Mr. Banks, upon leaving the University of admiration and kindness; and the specimens which occupy the chair once blled hy Newton. It was Oxford in 1783, went on a voyage across the Atlan- he brought at so much risk and expense to enrich alleged against him, that he arrogated to himself tic, to the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador. the science of natural bistory, placed him above the exclusive power of introducing new members That voyage was not witbout its difficulties and every other person of raok and fortune in the age, to the Society, and by this means to fill it with ig. dangers; but it afforded a rich compensation in the both for personal qualities and as a benefactor tu norant and trifling men of wealth and rank; abie new knowledge with which it filled his mind, and in mankind. At court, among men of science and the inventor in art, the discoverer ja science, and those cgriosities of natural bistory which it enabled literature, he was equally honoured.

the teacher of knowledge, were driven away with him to collect.

It was not one voyage, even though that voyage scorn. It was said that his hostility to matbematical The spirit of naval discovery, so eminently en should be ronnd the globe, and attended with infinite knowledge threatened to bring it into discredit and couraged since the commencemeut of the last reign, dangers, that could satisfy the inquiriog mind of neglect in the Society; and it was sarcastically but soon presented a new opportunity by which Mr. Mr. Banks; and although he did not accompany unjustly observed, that "he possessed no scientife Bauks was engaged in a more distant and laborious the new expedition of discovery that was sent out, merits, but such as depended merely on bodily voyage than that in which he made his first adven. as he at first wished, yet bis directions and assist labour and the expenditure of money." ture of scientific inquiry. This was in the first ance were not withheld, so far as these could pro- Such were the numerous complaints against the voyage of Lieut. Cook, whoin Government deter- mote the success and usefulness of the voyage. new President: but however respectable the persons mined to send out for the double purpose of pursu- Iceland was soon after pojated out to Mr. Banks froin whom these complaints emanated; borever ing still further the discoveries which bad been as fertile in uatural curiosities, highly worthy of deep and general the impression which they made; already made in the South Seas, and for the benefit the inspection of one whose love of nature had led they have since been proved to bave been exceedingly of astronomy, and all the arts dependent upon it, bim to circumnavigate the globe. He therefore unjust, to observe in the latitude of Otabeite an expected hired a versel, and, in company with bis friend, Dr. Wheu Sir Joseph Banks was raised to the Presi

. transit of Venus over the sun. In this voyage, Solander, visited that isle. 'The Hebudæ, those ce- dency, he found secretaries ambitions of assuming young Banks resolved to sail with Cook. His liberal lebrated islets scattered along the north-west coast that power which alone belonged to his office, and spirit and generous curiosity were regarded with of Scotiand, were contiguous to the track of the that too great a facility was given to the admission admiratiou; and every convenieace from the Go-voyage; and these adventurous naturalists were of members: so much was this the case, that vernment was readily supplied to render the cir- induced to examine them. Among other things D'Alembert used jocosely to ask any of his # cumstances of the voyage as little uvpleasant to worthy of notice, ibey discovered the columnar quaintance coming to England, if they wished to him as possible.

stratification of the rocks surrounding the caves of become members of the Society, and intimariega Far, however, from soliciting ang accommodation Staffa, a phenomenon till then unobserved by natu- that if they thought it an honour, he could easily that might occasion expense to Government, Mr. ralists. The rolcanic mountains, the hot springs, obtain it for them. Sir Joseph Bauks, therefore, Banks was ready to contribute largely out of his the siliceous rocks, the arctic plants, and animals with wise and zealous attention to the true interests own private fortune towards the general purposes of of Iceland, were carefully surveyed in this voyage of the Society, resolved to use every just and bow the expedition. He engaged as his director in na- A rich harvest of new knowledge and new specimeos nourable precantion to hinder the honours of its teral history duriog the voyage, and as the compa- compensated for its toils and expense,

fellowship from being in future improperly bestowed. pion of his researebes, Dr. Solander, of the British After his return from Iceland, where he had much The first pripciple which he thought proper to adopt, Museum, a Swede by birth, and one of the most endeared himself to the inhabitants, Mr. Banks with a view to this end, was, that all persons or eminent pupils of Linnæus, whose scientific merits passed bis time for some years chiefly in London or fair moral character and decent araoners

, who al had been bis chief recommendation to patronage in at bis seat in Lincolnshire, associating with men of ernidently distinguished themselves by discovers England. He also took with bim two draughtsmen, letters and of rank, corresponding with men of or inventions of high importance in any of the one to delineate views and figures, the other to science in the most distant parts of the globe, and branches of art or scieuce which it was the express paint subjects of natural bistory. A secretary and unweariedly devoting his time and his fortune to ohject of this Suciety to cultivale, ought, whatever four servants formed the rest of his suite. He took the great purposes of scientific beneficence. their condition in life, to be gladly received amok care to provide likewise the necessary instruments In the year 1777, when Sir John Pringle retired its members.' But, in the next place, he was of for his

intended observations, with conveniences for from the presidency of the Royal Society, the best opinion, that of those who were merely lovers of preserving such specimens as he might collect of friends of that Institution did not think that they art or science, and had made no remarkably ingerie natural or artificial objects, and with stores to be could promote its dignity and usefulness better than ous contributions to their improvement, none ought distributed in the remote isles he was going to visit, by the election of Mc. Bauks to fill the vncant chair

. to be bastily received into the Royal Society, a hose for the improvement of the condition of savage life. The honour was just such

an one as a philosopher, rank and fortune were not such as to reflect on that In the course of the voyage, dangers were encoun who was at the same time a man of rank and for society and its pursuits a degree of new splendour

, tered of more than ordinary magnitude. On the tune, might with laudable ambition desire. And it as well as to endow them with the means of corst of Terra del Fuego, in an excursion to view cannot be denied, that if the best judges had been moting its views on fit occasions by extraordinary the natural productions of the couutry, Mr. Banks desired to single out the individual who possessed expense. It is impossible to deny that by die and Dr. Sotander had nearly perished in a storm of the most eminent union of all those qualities which principles (and we know no better) has the conduite

After passing a night on land amidst the were best calculated to adorn the othice and discharge of Sir Joseph Banks been ever chiefly regulated in storm, they at last, and with much difficulty, made its important duties, they could not easily bave regard to the a:Imissivo of new members. Acest their way back to the beacb, and were received on voided fixing on Mr. Banks.

the specions philosophy of the theorist, the atheist

, board the ship; but three of the persons who ac- It was in the year 1978 that Mr. Banks entered and the ingovator delighting in mere change without companied them were lost.

upon the duties of the ofice of President of the regard of its consequences, Sir Joseph Banks had Ai Otaheite, where the Endeavour arrived on the Royal Society, and be immediately devoted himself also to combat, and it was his duty to prese sve He 12th April, 1769, the voyagers continged three with the most successful zeal to the faithful dis. Royal Society from their intrusion. months, occasionally visiting the smaller coutiguous charge of them. His attentions had the happy At length, the mutual discontests between the isl s, surveying the coasts, cultivating the friend. effect of procuring communications in the highest President and a number of the members of the history, and making those scientific otservations accession of persons of rank and talents to the list course of its proceedings, Dr. Hutton, a nie necoliere which constituted a principal object of the voyage. of members ; 'as well as exciting the whole body to to science, was reduced to the necessits of resigning Quitting these islands, they next visited New Zea- extraordinary diligence and activity in the properliis office of Foreign Secretary, on learning the le land and New Holland, where the same researches pursuits of the society.

I had been accused of neglecting his duties. He hors

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PRINTING AT OTAHEITE.

LITERATURE IN NEW SOUTH WALES.

ON KILLING ANIMALS.

P

WELSH INDIANS IN AMERICA.

prer explained and defended his conduct, and a discriminating and inventive powers of an original vote of the Society fully approved of his defence. and vigorous miod; his knowledge was not that of

On the evening of the 8th of January, 1784, a facts merely, or of technical terms and complex M. Turgenieff, Counsellor of state, has made a Pte resolution that this Society do approve of Sir Joseph abstractions alone, but of science in its elementary report to the Bible Society of Petersburgh, in which 22. Baoks for their President, and will support hins,' principles, and of nature in her happiest forms. it is stated that the English missionaries have estab

was moved in a very full meeting of the Society, by Sir Joseph Banks was a member of the Privy lished a press at Otabeite, at which 3000 bibles have Pic Sir Joseph's friends. It was strenuously opposed Council, and a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of been printed. They were all sold in the space of aby several members, and in particular by Dr. Hors. the Bath. As he had died without issue, the three days, for three gallons of cocoa-out oil = eta ley; who having been interrupted in a speech of Baronetage has become extinct. He has left the each. The books of Moses, translated into the bis a great force and argument, aod being furiher irri- whole of his property to Lady Banks, during her Otaheitean language, have been printed at the same Pret laled by a suggestion from Lord Mulgrave, arose life, with the exception of some few legacies, and a press; also a catechism for the use of the inhabitti and e-poke with great eloquence, intimating a threat, pension of £200 per annum, to Mr. Brown, bis ants. These have been distributed gratuitously.

that af he and his friends were disrespectfully treated secretary. To the nation he has bequeathed his Journal of Science, No. xvii. p. 427.
by Siar Joseph Bruks, they might probably secede, valuable library, and a name that it will never cease
and Form a rival society. Sir,' said he, in conclu. to cherish while science is encouraged or respected.
gion, 've shall have ove remedy in our power, if all
otbe os fal; we can at least secede. Sir, when the

At Sydney, in New South Wales, there are at ! hour of secession does come, the President will be

Scientific Records. present three public journals, and five other periodį left with bis train of feeble umateurs, and that toy

icat publications A second printing-office bas also ** (pointing to the mace) upon the table, the ghost of

been established lately at Port Jackson. They now that Society in which philosophy once reigoed, and RECESSION OF THE MAGNETIC' NEEDLE.

export cattle to the Isle of France, and the market Newton presided as her minister.' The motion

at Syduey is considered as pleutiful in the different marle in favour of Sir Joseph Baoks was, however,

Col. Beaufoy is induced to believe, from his mag-commodities of Europe, as well as of India and carried by a great majority, and the dissention soun netical observations which are published in Thom- China. Journal of Science, No. xviii. p. 427. after subsided.

son's Annals, that the greatest variation of the comThe Society now returned with new zeal and -2 nacimity to ibe prosecution of their proper labours pass has been attained, and that the needle is now These labours are before the public in their Transac. During the last nine months of 1818, the variation slowly retrograding, and returning to the north.

The French work, Revue Encyclopedique, tom.4, Bivos, which contain a multitude of discoveries of gradually increased, and was 24° 41' 20' at noou. p. 185, states that a new mode of killing animals The highest importance. All the voyages and travels that have been made February, and again Auctuated in March. Since butchers in London. The mode is said to be to

It fluctuated during January, 1819, decreased in intended for food, has been adopted by a great many during the last thirty years, have either been sugo that time the variation has been in a regular state of make them expire by bitrogen grs, which they say

gested by Sir Joseph Bauks, or had his approbation decrease. Col. Beaufoy places the maximum of makes the meat preserve longer, and gives it a finer -- and support. The African Association owes its

flavour. We never before heard of nitrogen gas origia to him; and Ledyard, Lucas, Houghton, and western variation in the month of March, 1819.

being employed for this purpose, but have often the unfortunate Mungo Park, all partook of that

ANIMAL MAGNETISM.

heard carbonic acid gas suggested, althougb, we kind and fostering care which he extended to the

know not whether it has ever been actually used enterprizing lover of science. The culture of the

Edit. Kal. bread-fruit tree in the West-Indies, and the estab. The Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlio have be

Tishment of our colony at Botany Bay, originated proposed Animal Magnetism as a prize subject. It - Bulely with bim.

is suggested to the candidates, that wonderful reIt was put merely to the duties of President of citals are not required, but a description of those The Gazette of St. Louis on the Missouri, anile Royal Society, nor in the meetings of its meni. constant laws to which magnetism is subject, and wounces the equipmeut of an expedition, the object beers, that Sir Joseph Banks confined his sphere of the connexion which it bas with other natural phe- of which is to ascertain the existence of a race of la sefulness; his purse was always open to promote nomena.--Edit. Kal.

ladians said to have descended from Welsh emai. The canse of science; and many a traveller, wheu in

grants, and of whom we have inserted various acistant and inhospitable elimes, has drawn on this

counts in the preceding volume of our old series, buanty: and such was the veneration in which his

vol. i. pages 49, 53, 54, 61, 65, 73, 93, 97, 140. It is nanue was belal, wherever it was known, that the Platinum is now prepared in Paris in leaves as intended to .comprehend all the extensive southern draft was receiver like specie, and generously ho thin as those of leaf gold.

ramifications of the Missouri, within the limits of woared by Sir Joseph Banks, though drawn without

the expedition. The conductors of this expedition

are Messrs. Roberts and Parry, both Welsbmen.At home, bis Sunday evening conversations were

Edit. Kal. aftended by persons the most celebrated in literature and science, wbitever their rauk in life; his valuable M. Delcros has published the idea, that hail genelibrary was more accessible than that of any public rally, and especially when small, is composed of the institution; and he was always ready to give bis fragments of crystalline spheres of ice. During ten

Mr. Bowdich, the conductor of the late mission advice, or to communicate his opinion, on every years observation, he bad observed that the particles to Ashantee, has published a prospectus of another subject connected with science. Mr. Dibdin, in his or hail were spherical pyramids, varying in size, but expedition, in which he pledges himself to devote Bibliographical Decameron, justly says, The in. having the same form. The apex had sometimes his life to the interests of science. He requires a comparable library of Natural History of Sir Joseph disappeared, but when present was apparently part subscription in the form of five-pound shares. A Banks

, in which, as in a wood of ancient growth and of a hard nucleus ; next to this came another and small sum will be sufficient, as says Mr. Bowdich, primeral grandeur, amidst insects of all hues, rep-larger portion, radiated from the apex as a centre, "The mission to Ashantee did not cost €1,500 sterthen either nocavu's or iunocuous, and wild beasts and this was covered on the side opposite to the ling money, including expensive presents, some mixlaat walk abroad or "love the lair,” you may disport apex by a drusy portion of ice. From the constancy management in the outset, much inexperience, and at ease, and solace yourselves without injury, and of these appearances, he concluded, that, in the pro- the protracted

maintenance of nearly 100 followers." your heart's delight. Such a collection should duction of hail, a nucleus, composed of concentric We wish Mr. B. every success in this very spirited niat be suffered to be dissipated; as neither years spheres, was first formed, on which a second radiated undertaking, and, from his known abilities, many e centuries can erase the name of the owner of it formation was superposed, and that these masnes important geographical, mineralogical, and botanical Prea the records of imperishable fame.'

were then broken into pieces by a kind of explosion. discoveries may be expected.-Edit. Kal. For some years Sir Josepb Bauks was much afflicted In a storm which happened at la Bacconière, in wille due gout; and during the last few months his the Department of Mayenne, in France, on the 4th becaith was su much on the decline, that he expressed of July, 1819, M. Delcros had an opportunity of

wab to resign the office of President of the Royal observing these spheres, the fragments of which he Society. He was induced, however, to retain it supposes generally form hail. The hail-stones which Letters from St. Petersburgh (says the Journal Antil his death.

fell at that time were very large, some of them being of Science) dated March, state, that a new-voyage Sir Joseph in person was tall and manly, and his 15 inches in circunference, and they were globuler. of discovery is to be made this summer. The expeCountenance expressive of dignity and intelligence. When broken they cousisted of a very small oucleus, dition is to sail from the mouth of the Leua for the his manners were polite and urbane; his conversa- round which a larger had formed, and then this Frozen Ocean, exploring the coast of Siberia, and Pion rich in instructive information, frank, engaging, again was surrounded by a very compact radiated the islands which were a few years ago discovered waffected

, and without levity, yet endowed with ice, more transparent than the rest; the surface ex- to the northward. A suspicion seems to exist that fufficient vivacity. His information was general bibited the appearance of pyramids ranged one by a passage may be possible through these islands. ed exteusive. On most subjects, he exercised the the side of another.---Biblioth Univer, 13. p, 154, Edit, Kal,

PLATINUM LEAF.

por his permission

NATURE OF HAIL.

EXPLORATION OF AFRICA.

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LITERARY SQUINTING.
The late Mr. Homer, of London, once dined
With a friend at Blackheath, who was liberal and kind.
His two lads, Bob and Bill, bad arriv'd fresh from

college,
Where they aim'd more at wit than at science or

knowledge. When the cloth was remov'd, with an aspect of doubt Mr. Homer in silence got up, and walked out! Quoth Bob, “ Homer leaves us, without e'en a ned, 1 “ He does," replied Bill, “ but, in fact, Homer's

odd-1-see. " Oh, oh!” exclaim'd Bob," you are witty, good Bil, “ But you shan't outdo me; for, observe Homer's

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see.'

my lad;

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Monsieur grown sick of fricasèe,
And England wishing much to see,
To London came, where roasting beef,
and puddings large, surpass belief.

Monsieur found fault with all he saw,
Poetry.

And swore we ate our mutton raw;
So out he pull’d his pocket book

And wrote “ De English no can cook.".
TO THE EDITOR.

Before the 'Change this Frenchman stood,

Said he, “I do smell something good ;”. SIR,- In a late number of your interesting miscellany

His nose then led him, slap, bang, pop, you gave an extract from Barry Cornwall's Marcian

In far-fam'd BIRCH's pastry shop. Colonna, beautifully describing the ocean. Without in

Some soup he took, and then a puff,

A tartlett, and a pinch of snuff. tending an inviduous comparison, I enclose you Lord “ Ma foi,” said he, “ down in my book, Byron's sublime apostrophe at the conclusion of the I mark dis Birch de pastry cook.” fourth canto of his Childe Harold.

D. Mad Bedlam next to view he went,

In front he saw a regiment; Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean-roll!

“Sure invalids,” said he, "might do Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain ;

To guard such lunatics as you. Man marks the earth with ruin-his control

Your Colonel, vat is his name? Stops with the shore ;-upon the watery plain

BIRCH-de pastry cook ? - the very same.

Mon Dieu," said he, " where is my book? The wrecks are all thy deed, nor doth remain

Vat! Colonel BIRCH, a pastry cook !" A shadow of man's ravage, save his own,

For Guildhall next, his course he steered, When, for a moment, like a drop of rain,

Where bawling out on high appeared, He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan,

Of Britain's boast-HER HEARTS OF OAK.

“ Dat cratur-vat is his name? Without a grave, unknell’d, uncoffin'd, and unknown.

BIRCH-de pastry cook ?--the very same. His steps are not upon thy paths,—thy fields

Parbleu," said he “ give me my book, Are not a spoil for him,—thou dost arise

Vat Cratur-Colonel-Pastry Cook!" And shake him from thee; the vile strength he wields St. Paul's he next with wonder viewed, For earth's destruction thou dost all despise,

Its school he entered-no boy rude

“How quiet,” said he, “ just like our church," Spurning him from thy bosom to the skies,

For that,” cried one, “thank Old Tom Birch.” And send'st him, shivering in thy playful spray

“Vat! Monsieur BIRCH ? you joke,” said he, And howling, to his Gods, where haply lies

But they all cried, “Oui, Monsieur, Oui."

“ Professor Birch will fill my book, His petty hope in some near port or bay,

Orateur, Colonel, Pastry Cook.”
And dashest him again to earth i--there let him lay.
The armaments which thunderstrike the walls

To Drury-lane he found his way,

The Adopted Child was then the play; of rock-built cities, bidding nations quake,

When looking at the printed book, And monarchs tremble in their capitals,

He found 'twas wrote by BIRCH the Cook. The oak leviathans, whose huge ribs make

Said he “ when Monsieur Birch does die,

His bones in lead will surely lie ; Their clay creator the vain title take

To Westminster dey will be took,
Of lord of thee, and arbiter of war;

For all he is von pastry cook."
These are thy toys, and, as the saowy flake,
They melt into thy yeast of waves, which mar
Alike the Armada's pride, or spoils of Trafalgar. The following Words are from MOORE'S NATIONAL
Thy shores are empires, changed in all save thee

MELODIES ; adapted to a simple and beautiful Ve.

netian Air :-
Assyria, Greece, Rome, Carthage, where are they?
Thy waters wasted them while they were free,
And many a tyrant since; their shores obey

O come to me when day-light sets,

Sweet, then come to me; The stranger, slave, or savage; their decay

When smoothly go our gondolets, Has dried up realms to desarts :-not so thou,

O'er the moonlight sea.. Unchangeable save to thy wild waves' play

When Mirth's awake, and Love begins, Time writes no wrinkle on thy azure brow

Beneath that glancing ray,

With sounds of lutes and mandolins, Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now,

To steal young hearts away. Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighty's form

then's the hour for those who love, Glasses itself in tempests; in all time,

Sweet, like thee and me,

When all's so calm below, above, Calm or convuls'dmin breeze, or gale, or storm,

The Heaven, and all the Sea ; Jcing the pole, or in the torrid clime

When Maidens sing sweet Barcarolles,* Dark-heaving ;-boundless, endless, and sublime And Echo rings again,

So sweet that all with ears and souls The image of Eternity--the throne

Should love and listen then ! of the Invisible; even from out thy slime The monsters of the deep are made ; each zone

Barcarolles are, according to Rosseau, (Dictionnaire de Mu.
Obeys thee; thou goest forth, dread, fathomless, alone. sic,) the songs chanted by the Venetian Gondoliers,

And I have loved thee, Ocean! and my joy
Of youthful sports was on thy breast to be

REPARTEE.
Borne, like thy bubbles, onward : from a boy
I wantoned with thy breakers--they to me

“No man,” said a doctor one day to his friend, Were a delight; and if the freshening sea

Can complain of ill-usage from me.” Made them a terror-'twas a pleasing fear,

“ That's true," said the other " for all you attend, For I was as it were a child of thee,

From the cares of this world you set free." And trusted to thy billows far and near,

JACOBUS. And laid my hand upon thy mane as I do here. Strand-stract.

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On Monday last, Rufus Gregory, eldest son of Samuel Gregory, Esq. of this town aged about thirteen years, was out in the fields shooting squirrels, he sam á bear not far off, making directly for him. As bis gun was loaded only with small squirrel-shot, at it with them would have little or no effect. lastead of quickly leaving the ground, as would naturally be expected from one of his age, he drew from his pocket some rifle balls, and instantly put them into his musket; and, before the bear had reached him, he levelled bis piece, and shot it through the heart. From the More Trose Gazette, May 20.

The Naturalist's Diary,

About the 11th of August, the puffin (alca In their own bright Kathaian bowers,
arctica) migrates. Priestholme, or Puffin's Island, Sparkle such rainbow butterflies,

That they might fancy the rich flowers,
For AUGUST, 1820.
about three quarters of a mile from the Isle of

That round them in the sun lay sighing,
Anglesea, abounds with these birds; and their

Had been by magic all set flying. Lalla Rookh. Hocks, for multitude, may be compared to swarms [To be continued throughout the year.] of bees.

The caterpillar of the death's-bead, bee-tiger, To the middle of the month, the swift disappears is found about this time upon potatoes, artfully

jessamine-hawk, or polato-moth (sphinx atropos), AUGUST.

and probably migrates to more southern regions. concealing itself in the day time on those parts of the Sexülis was the ancient Roman name of this Rooks begin to roost in their nest trees, and young stems of the plants which are best covered with montb, being the sixth from March. The Emperor brooks of goldfinches (fringilla carduelis), appear; over-shadowing leaves. They are sometimes found Augustas ehanged this name, and

gave it bis own, Japwings (tringu vanellus) and linnets (fringilla also upun green elder and jessamine. A specimen because in this month Cæsar Augustus took posses- linota) congregate ; the nutbatch chatters; and, to of this rare and noble insect, taken in July 1818, sion of his first consulsbip, celebrated three trimphs, wards the end of the month, the redbreast is again is described as being about four inches long, yellow, recluced Egypt noder the power of the Roman peoheard.

with purple spots on the back, and purple streaks ple, and put an end to all civil wars.

At the beginning of August, melilot (trifolium down the sides. It ate the tops of potatoes very

officinale), rue (ruta graveolens), the water parsnip greedily. It is the only insect of the lepidoptera Now past each gentle zephyr, summer gale,

(sysimbrium nasturtium), horehound (marrubium order that has a voice. The raging heats of Sirius prevail :

vulgare), water-nut ( mentha aquatica), the orpine The barvest-bug (acarus ricinus), in this and the No more the air refreshing breezes yields,

( sedum telephium), and the gentiana amarella, following month, proves a very troublesome and disWhose balmy breathings scent the mantled fields : have their flowers full blown. The purple blossoms agreeable insect, particularly in some of the southFair Flora now to Ceres leaves the plain,

of the meadow saffron (colchicum autumnale) now ern counties of England. The best cure for the bite Diffusing plenty o'er her wide domain ;

adorn the low moist lands. The number of plants is hartshorn. Flies now abound, and torment both She opes her stores, and strews them through the mead, in flower, however, is greatly lessened in August

, men avd animals with their perpetual buzzing. And golden harvests all the surface spread.

those which bluomed in the former months running Wasps and hornets become, in this and the succeedWe have commonly fine wather* in August, and fast to seed. Yet, we are continually reminded of ing month, very annoying to us in our rural walke. this is particularly desirable, that the principal the bounty of our Creator; though the flowers of Another troublesome insect wbich abounds in Ausource of the farmer's wealth may be safely housed. Spring and the lovely rose are no more, the fruits gust, is the tabanus pulvialis, sticking on the Now o'er his corn the sturdy farmer looks,

of Summer and of Autumn now pour iu their hands and legs, and, by piercing the skio with its And swells with satisfaction to behold abundant stores.

proboscis, causing a painful inflammation. Cattle The plenteous harvest which repays his toil. We 100 are gratified, and feel a joy

Heaths and commons are now in all their beauty; are severely exposed to its attacks, though the dragon Inferior but to his, partakers all

the flowers of the various species of heath (erica), Aly (libellula), the beautiful insect that frequents of the rich bounty Providence has strewed

covering them with a fine purple bue. Ferns also the shaded ponds, bears the blame of the other's 1. plentiful profusion o'er the field.

begin to flower, the commouest sort of which is the mischief, under the name of horse-stinger, but is Tell me ye fair, Alcanor tell me, what Is to the eye more cheerful, to the heart

fero or brakes (polypodium filix-mas); but the perfectly harmless.
female (pteris aquilina, is the most beautiful

(To be concluded in our next.)
More satisfactive, than to look abroad,
And from the window see the reaper strip,

plant. Look round, and put his sickle to the wheat?

Insects still continue to swarm; they sport in the Correspondence. Or hear the early mower whet his scythe,

suo from Aower to flower, from fruit to fruit, and And see where he has cut his sounding way, subsist themselves upon the superfluities of nature.

TO THE EDITOR. E'en to the utmost edge of the brown field

The white-bordered butterfly (papilio antiopa) ap. Of onts or barley? What delights us more, pears about the beginning of August, lives through Than studiously to trace the vast effects

SIR-In your last week's Kaleidoscope appeared Of unabated labour? To observe

the winter, and appears again in the spring, in com. Hot soon the golden field abounds with sheaves ?

pany with papilio io, the peacock butterfly, &c. a letter, the author of which seemed considerably How soon the oat and bearded barley fall,

There is something very extraordinary in the perio- annoyed at the support which the Eye Institutions la frequent lines before the keen-edged scythe ?

dical but irregular appearances of this species, lately established in this town were receiving, and The dist'ring team then comes, the swarthy hind edusa and cardui. They are plentiful all over the thought the money subscribed towards the establishDown laps and doffs his frock alert, and plies

kingdom in some years, after which, antiopa in parThe shining fork. Down to the stubble's edge ticular will not be seen by any one for eight or ten meni of one of them might be more usefully appropriThe easy wain descends half built, then turns or more years, and then appear again in as great ated to other charitable purposes and subjects; the And Isbours up again. From pile to pile With rustling step the swain proceeds, and still

abundance as before. To suppose they come from propriety of handing over the subscriptions towards Bears to the groaning load the well-pois'd sheaf.

the continent is an idle conjecture, because the Eng: the formation of another Dispensary; that another The gleaner follows, and with studious eye

lish specimens are easily distinguished from all And bended shoulders traverses the field

others by the superior whiteness of their borders. Dispensary would be highly useful nobody can deny, To aull the scattered ear, the perquisite

Perhaps, their eggs in this climate, like the seeds of but at the same time subscriptions solicited for a By heaven's decree assigned to them who need, some vegetables, may occasionally lie dormant for purpose ought to be devoted to that only for which And neither sow nor reap. Ye who have sown, several seasons, and not batch, until some extraorAnd reap so plenteously, and find the grange diuary, but indiscovered coincidences awake them they were intended; and at the same time I must Too narrow to contain the harvest giv'n,

into active life. (Haworth's Lepidoptera Britan-observe, that I think the money could not be em. Be not severe, and grudge the needy poor So small a portion. Scatter many an ear,

nica ) Papilio autiopa was in great abundance in ployed to more beneficial purposes, than in affording Nor let it grieve you to forget'a sheaf,

the year 1792; but scarcely a single specimen has relief to those labouring under that most afflicting of And overlook the loss. For He who gave

been since tiine. P. cardúi was common in 1808, all diseases, sore eyes, which incapacitates the sufWill bounteously reward the purposed wrong

but very scarce till 1818. P. edusa was common Done to yourselves; nay more, will twice repay

in the years 1808, 1811, and 1818 ; but, in some ferer from following his usual avocations, and withThe generous neglect. The field is cleared; seasons, scarcely a single specimen has been ob-out immediate relief, in some cases, the poor creaNo sheaf remains, and now the empty wain served.

tures who derive the benefit from these institutions A load less honourable awaits. Vast toil succeeds,

Above the sovereign oak, a sovereign skims, And still the team retreats, and still returns

would loose that valuable blessing eye-sight; and To be again full fraught. Proceed, ye swains,

The purple emp'ror, strong in wings and limbs ;
There fair Camilla takes her flight serene ;

the superior skill which surgeons attached to these And make one autumn of your lives,

your toil
Adonis blue, and Paphia silver queen;

places must have in the treatment of that tender Still new, your harvest never done. Proceed, And stay the progress of the falling year,

With every filmy fly from mead or bower,

organ, whose practice will, in a large town like this, And let the cheerful valley laugh and sing,

And hungry sphinx who treads the honied flow'r ;
She o'er the larkspur's bed, where sweets abound,

be of the greatest benefit in taking out of the hands of Crowned with perpetual AUGUST. Never faint,

Views every bell, and hums th' approving sound ; And ever let us hear the hearty shout

ignorant quacks the power of doing evil, of which

Pois'd on her busy plumes, with feeling nice Sent up to Heaven, your annual work complete And harvest ended. Hurdis. She draws from every flower, nor tries å flowret twice. description, I believe your author Aliquis, to be,

Crabbe.

from the virulence with which he attacks one of • There are some exceptions. In the year 1999, pero

tbe lustitutions, or else he is a disappointed candithe

Some of the Chinese butterflies, called, in the lan- date for dispensaral honours, and hopes by the forIt usually is in May. Many thousand acres of wheat guage of the country, 'flying leaves,' have such sbin: mation of another Dispensary, to have a forlorn hope and other grain were covered with water. The rivers ing colours and are so variegated, that they may

Yours, overflowed, and swept away the produce of whole farms; be truly called “Aying flowers ;' and, indeed, they of sometime getting employment.

TIMOTHY. and a great scarcity of bread ensued.

are always produced in the flower gardens.

د قلم انه

- Miscellanies. sa A Witty Way.-Flowerdew, when teacher of rhetoric
and elocution, at Hackney, was patronized by several of

i The Drama. Awful event. An article from Coblertz of the 14th friendly visit to a worthy Ex-Mayor, Alderman, and ot In the first volume of the old series of the Kaleiden

our first citizens and Aldermen. Calling to pay a ult. describes the following magnificent, but calamitous Pastry-Cook, among other refreshments he was honoured event:-On the evening of the 7th a manifest motion by Mr.

LB serving him with a glass of whey

scope, No. 38, we gave at great length the singular was observed throughout a considerable part of the great on a silver salver. Upon taking the cooling, and uninmountains of Seven Hours, (Siaben Uhren), situated toxicating beverage, observed --Pray, Sir, is this your

story of The Vampyre. This horrid narative de on the Moselle, something less than a mile from Bruttig: whey? Certainly, was the reply. Then, Šir, this is my

since become the groundwork of a new and peynir As large fissures had been previously remarked on the way, and away B. went.

melo drama, of the plot, &c. of which, wie lubjain. top of the hill, the circumstance excited much anxiety,

the following outline, abridged from the Examinat wfiich was fully justified by the result. About midnight of the 7th, huge fragments of rock began to roll from

ANECDOTE OF OUR LATE KING AT HIS

103:n

THE VAMPYRE. the upper region of the hill; as they descended, they

CORONATION. bore along with them masses of the mountain of greater size; and the whole side at length gave way, pouring

After the annointing was over in the Abbey, and

“A new melo drama called The Vampyre was down an uninterrupted tortent of earth and rocks, which the crown put upon the King's head, with great shout- duced at the English Opera on Wednesday, and continued rolling until four o'clock the following morning, the two Archbishops came to hand him down from with an excellent reception, which it continued to ing. Forty, vineyards were completely overwhelmed with the throne to receive the sacrament. He told them perience on the succeeding nights. It is founded on the the prodigious ruin, which bore before it houses, trees, he would not go to the Lord's Supper, and partake of story which was lately imposed upon the public as Les and every other obstruction until it reached the river, that ordinance, with the crown upon his head; for he Byron's, who had suggested it in conversation. I the bed of which it soon 'filled up, throwing back the looked upon himself, when appearing before the

King hero (if we may call such a brutal phantom of a felbo water upon the cultivated country to a height of three of kings, in no other cbaracter than as a humble Chris. hero, as indeed is too often the case) is a spirit of de Or four feet ; thus effecting a second mischief, the extent tian! The Bishops replied, that although there was class of Vampyres, who are doomed to be annibilid of which cannot be appreciated.

no precedent for this, it should be complied with. when they can no longer sustain themselves withis Middleburg (Virginia) May 30.-On the 13th in. He then desired that the same should be done with tras lately died, and re-appears before Lord Roneli, a start, a piece of land of upwards of five acres, lying on respect to the Queen. It was answered, that her of the Earl's travelling acquaintances who had witnesst the east side of the bank of the Lake Champlain, sunk crown was so pinned on her head that it could not

be his expiring moments. His Lordship's astonishme about forty' feet 'into the lake, throwing the bed of the easily taken off. To which the King replied, “ Well

, may be conceived ;. but the Vampyre has spells alone lake up about ten feet above the surface of the water. A let it be reckoned a part of her dress, and in 'no other him, which help him over these kind of obstacles, part of the land was covered with small trees of various light."

by the same means he contrives to inspire his Lordship kinds, some of which were torn up by the roots. The

daughter with a sudden passion for him. In fact, three feet on the opposite shore, which is about a thile Oxford has 4122, and Cambridge 3058members ; also fore under pretence of his being obliged to the

There are at present "1634 students on the books of has no time to lose ; he must have his usual meal the pressure against the water occasioned it to rise nearly Trinity College, Dublin ; an unprecedented number; very evening, or be annihilated. The nuptials en and a half distant.

quite beyond all former example. Horrid Transaction. The Western Reserve Chroni.

distant place upon business, are fixed for the afternoch ck, of Ohio, of the 1st ult. gives a distressing account

and the Earl in a transport of delight, looks at his fair of the death of Philemon, William, and Cyrus, three

bride as if he could devour her. Our ferniniromus

THEATRICAL COINCIDENCES. only children of Mr. Zaphna and Mrs. Lois Stone, of

bridegroom however is somewhat inconsistently repica

sented as consenting to exist in this manner, and ta of their mother! The circumstances are peculiar, and ,

TO THE EDITOR.

capable of being touched

with pity. The beauty and

qualities of his intended supper give him a pang of Mr. and Mrs. Seohe pages oublication by a clergyman.

morse, and finding that there is a very pretty piece et tained unbicmished characters, and had lived together in

Tthink the following will answer to the queries in flesh about to be urarried to a young rustic, he attempt the utmost harmony. During a late revival of religion, your last.

ADONIS. to carry her off secretly, in order to give some respire Mrs. S. was awakened, and supposed she had experienced No. 1. answers to The Farmer.

at least to his other dish. Unluckily the second cu a change of heart. Soon after, however, she settled

The Romp:

shrieks; and the young rustic coming up, deliten down in a state of gloom and melancholy, and declared

Tale of Mystery.

from his jaws by shooting him. Lord Ronald is mara

witness the second death of his friend Ruthton; that she had committed the unpardonable sin. Under

Wedding Day. this inpression, and believing, that if taken off at their

The Lotrery.

the spell is still upon him, and he consents, with present tender age, the children would be happy, and

lemn oath to fulfil his "more last words" in keeping Sleeping Draught.

death a secret till the going down of the moon, and a

Miller and his Men. sin, no injury was a follow to herself, while her husband

Mignight Hour.

throwing a ring he gives him into a particular part

the sea. He does so; when he heats a voice which : was gone to meeting, on Sunday, the 14th day of May,

Blind Boy.
she drowned
the little innocents in a spring about three

10.
Illusion.

takes to be his friend's spirit, exclaim, " Remember feet deep. The verdict of the Coroner's inquest was

your oath." There is a little bit of underplot here with II.

Follies of a Day. ** Drowned by the mother in a fit of insanity."

12.

ihe rustic, who has fled from his Lordship's vengears

- Past Ten o'clock. Extraordinany Fact.-A short time since, two gena following to be answered next week :Perhaps you would so far oblige me as to insert the killed and thrown him into the sea; but he surrires til

meets his friends again, who, encountering a drunken looked into the workhouse of that town, to, observe how witega. Henry HimmonsThe Exile 426. Sealous Wife Wedding, sees that there brust be some tertible mysterie the poor were taken care of. The master conducted --1. New Way to Pay Old Debes. George Barn- the business, and resolve to go and inform the old pointed to a door in the yard, in which was a small Ruin-12. All in the Wrong. grated opening, remarking, that therein was confined a

intelligence to his

daughter; when she astonistes bin

home, and does not know how he shall break the fatal poor lunatic, a female, named Evans, who had been there for several years, and whose father had been an

TO THE EDITUR. occupant of the same cell for many years also, previous

has urged her to marry him before the going down of to his daughter's affliction, from a similar cause, his

the moon. The truth instantly flashes upon the horror malady only terminating with his dissolution. Curiosity

SIR, I conceive the following are appropriate an- stricken father, who, on Ruthuen's entrance, exhibit at the unhappy woman : she was seated on å low chair, last week.

touch him, and exclaiming that he saw him die, and and busied in a most extraordinary employment, that of No. 1. answers to The Farmer.

that he is a “ Rember your oath !” says the feeding two enormous rats in her lap with crumbs of

-The Romp. bread," which she had evidently reserved for them.

Vampyre apart; and the honourable old man faús into - The Adopted Child.

new lamentations. He only entreats his daughter not The approach of the strangers had been noticed by her,

Lovers Quarrels.

to marry before the going down of the moon : but his and while “ hush" gently issued from her lips, she

conduct appears to her so unaccountable, that the sper:

The Lottery: lightly motioned with her hand for them to depart, lest

-How to Die for Love.

tre persuades her that he is seized with a fit of madness; their presence should disturb her company. What she

Honest Thieves.

and she is so much under the influence of his spells, apprehended presently occurred, and the rats the next

-The Midnight Hour.

that when her father is taken out half lifeless by the atten. instant disappeared. The maniac was now convulsed

The Blind Boy.

dants, she consents that the wedding shall take plate. with rage, and in her ravings uttered imprecations the

-Of Age To-morrow. most dreadful that could be listened to, and which had

The chapel is accordingly prepared, the priest and -The Intriguing Chambermaid.

others in readiness, the altar blazing, the bride and the effect of occasioning her overlookers to retire. This

-Past Ten o'Clock.

bridegroom about to approach it. The lady hete hesipoor creature they found, of whom every possible care

tates a little, and begs him to indulge her poor father in

N.B.-No. 10, instead of “The Mirror," Foote's his wish, however idle; but he gets impatient, and the was taken, derived a solace in her affliction from the comedy of “The Minor." else

oeremony is just about to proceed, when the old man's

Your correspondent Stagebox, bas preceded me in voice is heard, coming in, and he appears with the rus. her, was allowed, to avoid plunging her into those hor- thinking allke, and I believe you will think that I press his fury and horror, and he urges his apparently

, in one of they had left her, and first. which they were told was not likely very soon to subside.

CHARLES DANGLE.

trifling wish so fiercely, that we are bound to suppose it 'incompatible with the spell that is upon his bride, for

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