Imagens das páginas

eagerly consulted by every mao of science, and were as industriously pursued with considerable ad. The election of President is a anual, but the praised with a warmth that might well encourage vantage; bot the vessel unfortunately striking upon Suciety considerent itself too fortunate in its choice young men of fortune to seek the same approbation a rock, injured it so much as to threaten the destruc- to think of changing bim when the period of re. by the same means. The curiosity of naturalists tion of all on board. This occasioned a considerable election returned. For the first three or four years was turned towards the new world, as containing injury to Mr. Banks's botauical collections, a great of his Presidency, all went on in harmony and with ample treasure much less kaown, and more peculiar, part of which were entirely destroyed. From this extraordinary advantages to science : but notwitb. than those which remained to be explored in the old. coast they steered for New Guinea. At Batavia, standing the zeal and assiduity with which Sir Joseph

To go the narrow round of the common fashion-wbich they afterwards visited, every person belong. | Bauks (who had been created Baronet in 1981) able tour, could appear but miserable trifling to a ing to the ship became sick except a sail-maker, an devoted himself to the duties of his office, and neyoung man whose mind glowed with a love of scien- old mag between sevenly and eighty years of age, withstanding the general success of bis cares, discus. tific enterprise, and of the knowledge of nature. who got drunk every day. Seven died at Batavia, tents began to arise against him, eveu among the But to explore scenes unknowo, and to contemplate and three and twenty more in the course of six inost eminent members of the Suciety. A variety the beauty and majesty of nature where they had weeks after the departure of the ship from the har of complaints, the fruit of misunderstanding and not yet been violated by art, was a plan of travel bour. At length, on the 12th of June, 1771, the prejudice, were industriously circulated in regard to worthy of the desire and ihc contrivance of virtue survivors brought the vessel to anchor in the Downs, his conduct in the Presidency; it was said obat and genius. and landed at Deal.

Science herself had never beea more signally itIt was with such views operating on his mind, Mr. Banks was received in England with eager sulted thau by the elevation of a mere amateur to that Mr. Banks, upon leaving the University of admiration and kindness; and the specimens which occupy the chair once filled hy Newton. It was Oxford in 1763, went on a voyage across the Atlan- he brought at so much risk and expense to enrich alleged against him, that he arrogated to bimself tic, to the coasts of Newfoundland and Labrador. the science of natural history, placed him above the exclusive power of introducing new members That voyage was not witbout its difficulties and every other person of rank and fortune in the age, to the Society, and by this meaps to fill it witdir. dangers; but it afforded a rich compensation in the both for personal qualities and as a benefactor to norant aud trifling men of wealıb and rank ; able new knowledge with which it filled his mind, and in mankind. At court, among men of science and the inventor in art, the discoverer in science, and those cgriosities of natural bistory which it enabled literature, he was equally honoured.

the teacher of knowledge, were driven away with him to collect.

It was not one voyage, even though that voyage scorn. It was said that his hostility to matbematical The spirit of naval discovery, so eminently en-sbould be round the globe, and attended with infinite knowledge threatened to bring it into discredit and conraged since the commencement of the last reign, dangers, that could satisfy the inquiriog miod of neglect in the Society; and it was sarcastically but soon presented a new opportunity by wbich Mr. Mr. Banks; and although he did not accompany | unjustly observed, ihat “he possessed no scientific Bauks was engaged in a more distant and laborious the new expedition of discovery that was sent out, merits, but such as depended merely on body voyage than that in which he made his first adven- as he at first wished, yet bis directions and assist. labour and the expenditure of money." ture of scientific inquiry. This was in the first ance were not withheld, so far as these could pro. Such were the pumerous complaints against the voyage of Lieut. Cook, whom Government deter-mote the success and usefulness of the voyage. new President: but however respectable the persons mined to send out for the double purpose of pursu- Iceland was soon after pojoted out to Mr. Banks froin whom these complaints emanated; bowever ing still further the discoveries which bad been | as fertile in uatural curiosities, highly worthy of deep aud general the impression which they made; already made in the South Seas, and for the benefit the inspection of one whose love of nature had led they have since been proved to bave been exceedingly of astronomy, and all the arts dependent upon it, bim to circumnavigate the globe. He therefore unjust. to observe in the latitude of Otaheite an expected hired a verscl, and, in company with bis friend, Dr. Wheu Sir Joseph Banks was raised to the Presi. transit of Venus over the sun. In this voyage, Solander, visited that isle. 'The Hebudæ, those ce- dency, he found secretaries ambitions of assuming young Banks resolved to sail with Cook. His liberal lebrated islets ycultered along the north-west coast that power which alone belonged to his office, and spirit and generous curiosity were regarded with of Scotiand, were contiguous to the track of the that 100 great a facility was given to the admission admiratiou; and every convenience from the Go-voyage; and these adventurous naturalists were of members: 80 much was this the case, ital vernment was readily supplied to render the cir-induced to examine them. Among other things D'Alembert used jocosely to ask any of his # cumstances of the voyage as little uupleasant to worthy of notice, ibey discovered the columnar quaintance coming to England, if they wished to him as possible.

stratification of the rocks surrounding the caves of become members of the Society, and intimalling, Far, however, from soliciting any accommodation Staffa, a phenomenon till then unobserved by natu- that if they thought it an houpur, he could easily that might occasion expeose to Government, Mr. ralists. The rolcanic mountains, the hot springs, obtain it for them. Sir Joseph Bauks, therefore, Banks was ready to contribute largely out of his the siliceous rocks, the arctic plants, and animals with wise and zealous attention to the true ioterests own private fortune towards the general purposes of of Iceland, were carefully surreyed in this voyage. of the Society, resolved to use every just sud bo the expedition. He engaged as his director in na- A rich harvest of new knowledge and new specimeos nourable precantion to hinder the honours of il tural history duriog the voyage, and as the compa. compensated for its toils and expense,

fellowsbip from being in future improperly bestowed. pion of his researches, Dr. Solander, of the British After his return from Iceland, where he had much The first pripciple which he thought proper to adopt, Museum, a Swede by birth, and one of the most endeared himself to the inhabitants, Mr. Banks with a view to this end, was, that all persons eminent pupils of Linnæus, wbose scientific merits passed his time for some years chiefly in London or fair moral character and decent tranners, wbo bal had been bis chief recommendation to patronage in al bis seat in Lincolnshire, associating with men of erninently distinguished themselves by discovers Eogland. He also took with him two draughtsmen, letters and of rank, corresponding with men of or inventions of high importance in any of those one to delineate views and figures, the other tó science in the most distant parts of the globe, and branches of art or scieuce which it was the express paint subjects of natural bistory. A secretary and unweariedly devoting his time and his fortune to object of this Suciety to cultivate, ought, whaleret four servants formed the rest of his suite. He took the great purposes of scientific beneficence.

| their condition in life, to be gladly received mot care to provide likewise the necessary instruments in the year 1777, wben Sir John Pringle retired its members.' But, in the next place, he was for his intended observations, witb conveniences for from the presidency of the Royal Society, the best opinion, that of those who were merely loveri preserving such specimens as he might collect of friends of that Institution did not thiok ibat they art or science, and had made no remarkably ingennatural or artificial objects, and with stores to be could promote its dignity and usefulness better than ous contributions to their improvement, none ourok distributed in the remote isles he was going to visit, by the election of Mr. Banks to fill the vocant chair. I to be bastily received into the Royal Society, those for the improvement of the condition of savage life. The honour was just such an one as a philosopher, rauk and fortune were not such as to reflect on

In the course of the voyage, dangers were encoun. who was at the same time a man of rank and for society and its pursuits a degree of new splendent, teved of more than ordinary magnitude. On the tune, Inight with laudable ambition desire. And it as well as to endow them with the means of prue corst of Terra del Fuego, in an excursion to view cannot be denied, that if the best judges had been moting ils views on Gt occasions by extraordicant the natural productions of the country, Mr. Banks desired to single out the individual who possessed expense.' It is impossible to deny that hy but and Dr. Solander had nearly perished in a storm of the most eminent union of all those qualities which principles and we know no better) has the con show. After passing a night on land amidst the were best calculated to adorn the othce and discharge of Sir Joseph Banks been ever chiefly regulo storm, they at last, and with much difficulty, made its important duties, they could not easily bave regard to the adınission of new members. A their way back to the beacb, and were received on voided fixing on Mr. Banks.

the specious philosophy of the theorist, the atheist, board the ship; but three of the persons who ac-i It was in the year 1778 that Mr. Banks entered and the innovator delighting in mere change w companied them were lost.

upon the duties of the office of President of the regard of its consequences, Sir Joseph Bank. Ai Otaheite, where the Endeavour arrived on the Royal Society, and be immediately devoted himself also to combat, aud it was his duty to prese 12th April, 1769, the voyagers continued three with the most successful zeal to the faithful dis. Royal Society from their intrusion. months, occasionally visiting the smaller coutiguous charge of them. His attentions had the happy! At length, the mutual discontents bet isl s, surveying the coasts, cultivating the friend. effect of procuring communications in the highest President and a number of the membe ship of the natives, collecting specimens of natural degree interesting and important, and of gaining an Society broke out into open discussie history, and making those scientific observations accession of persons of rank and talents to the list course of its proceedings, Dr. Huttov, a which constituted a principal object of the voyage. of members; as well as exciting the whole body to to science, was reduced in the necessils or Quitting these islands, they next visited New Zea extraordinary diligence and activity in the proper bis office of Foreign Secretary, on lear land and New Holland, where the same researches pursuits of the society.

I had been accused of neglecting his duties.


kese conduct

e without Bank's bird eSesve fue

Dr. Huttov, a name dear

i lite

de hos

lipper explained and defended his conduct, and a discriminating and inventive powers of an original

PRINTING AT OTAHEITE. pote of the Society fully approved of his defence. and vigorous miod; his knowledge was not that of * Op the evening of the 8th of January, 1784, a facts merely, or of techoical terms and complex M. Turgenieff, Counsellor of state, bas made a itt resolution that this Society do approve of Sir Joseph abstractions alone, but of science in its elementary report to the Bible Society of Petersburgh, in which 12. Bauks for their President, and will support hins,' principles, and of nature in her happiest forms. it is stated that the English missionaries have estab

was moved in a very full meeting of the Society, by Sir Joseph Banks was a member of the Privy lisbed a press at Otaheite, at which 3000 bibles have

Str Joseph's friends. It was strenuously opposed Council, and a Knight Grayd Cross of the Order of been prioted. They were all sold in the space of 2tuby several members, and in particular by Dr. Hors. the Bath. As he had died without issue, the three days, for three gallons of cocoa-out oil

ettetey; who having been interrupted in a speech of Baronetage has become extinct. He has left the each. The books of Moses, translated into the as a great force and argument, aod being furiher irri. whole of his property to Lady Banks, during her Otaheitean language, have been printed at the same PRET: Laled by a suggestion from Lord Mulgrave, arose life, with the exception of some few legacies, and a press; also a catechism for the use of the inhabitt; and epoke with great eloquence, intimating a threat, pension of £200 per annum, to Mr. Brown, bis ants. These have been distributed gratuitously.

that the and his friends were disrespectfully treated secretary. To the nation he has bequeathed his Journal of Science, No. xviii. p. 427.
by Siar Joseph Bauks, they might probably secede, valuable library, and a name that it will never cease
and Form a rival society. “Sir,' said he, in conclu to cherish while science is encouraged or respected.

LITERATURE IN NEW SOUTH WALES. sion, we shall have ove remedy in our power, if all obe os fal; we can at least secede. Sir, when the

At Sydney, in New South Wales, there are at ? hour of secession does come, the President will be

Scientific Records.

present three public journals, and five other period. Ć left with bis train of feeble umateurs, and that toy

ical publications A second printing office bas also (pointing to the mace) upon the table, the ghost of

been established lately at Port Jackson. They now that Society in which pbilosophy once reigned, and RECESSION OF THE MAGNETIC' NEEDLE. export cattle to the Isle of France, and the market Newton presided as her minister.' The motion

at Sydney is considered as plentiful in the different made in favour of Sir Joseph Baoks was, however,

Col. Beaufoy is induced to believe, from his mag

commodities of Europe, as well as of India and 11 carried by a great majority, and the dissention soun netical observations which are published in Thom

China.-Journal of Science, No. xviii. p. 427. after subsided.

son's Annals, that the greatest variation of the comThe Society now returned with new zeal and "I pass has been attained, and that the needle is now

ON KILLING ANIMALS. unagimity to the prosecution of their proper labours.

| slowly retrograding, and returning to the nortb. These labours are before the public in their Transac

During the last uine mooths of 1818, the variation The French work, Revue Encyclopedique, tom. 4, duos, whateb contain a multitude of discoveries of

gradually increased, and was 24° 41' 20' at noon. p. 185, states that a new mode of killing animals The highest importance.

It fluctuated during January, 1819, decreased in intended for food, has been adopted by a great many : All the voyages and travels that have been made

February, and again fluctuated in March. Since butchers in London. The mode is said to be to 1. durior the last thirty years, have either been sug.

that time the variation has been in a regular state of make them expire by nitrogen gas, which they say gested by Sir Joseph Banks, or had his approbation

decrease. Col, Beaufoy places the maximum of makes the meat preserve longer, and gives it a finer and support. The African Association owes its :

western variation in the month of March, 1819. flavour. We never before heard of nitrogen gas e origia to him; and Ledyard, Lucas, Houghton, and

being employed for this purpose, but have often the unfortunate Mungo Park, all partook of that

heard carbonic acid gas suggested, althougb we kind aed fostering care which he extended to the


know not whether it has ever been actually used enterprizing lover of science. The culture of the

Edit. Kal. **bread-fruit tree in the West Indies, and the estab. The Royal Academy of Sciences at Berlin have | - Tishment of our colony at Botany Bay, originated proposed Animal Magnetism as a prize subject. It

WELSH INVIANS IN AMERICA. wulely with bim,

is suggested to the candidates, that wonderful reliwas not merely to the duties of President ofcitals are not required, but a description of those The Gazette of St. Louis on the Missouri, an. Ilse Royal Societs, nor in the meetings of its meni constant laws to which magnetism is subject, and wounces the equipmeut of an expedition, the object bers, that Sir Joseph Banks confined his sphere of the connexion which it bas with other natural phe- of which is to ascertain the existence of a race of la sefulness; his purse was always open to promote nomena.--Edit. Kal.

lodians said to have descended from Welsh emai. The cause of science; and many a traveller, when in

grants, and of whom we have inserted various sce istant and inhospitable elimes, has drawn on his


counts in the preceding volume of our old series, buanty: and such was the veneration in which his

vol. i. pages 49, 53, 54, 61, 65, 73, 93, 97, 140. It is nanie was beld, wherever it was known, that the Platinumn is now prepared in Paris in leaves as intended to comprehend all the extensive southern draft was received like specie, and generously ho I thin as those of leaf gold.

ramifications of the Missouri, within the limits of voared by Sir Joseph Banks, though drawn without

the expedition. The conductors of this expedition

are Messrs. Roberts and Parry, both Welsbmen* At home, bis Sunday evening conversations were


Edit. Kal. attended by persons the most celebrated in literature and science, wbitever their rank in life; his valuable

lished th

EXPLORATION OF AFRICA. library was more accessible than that of any public rally, and especially wheu small, is composed of the institution; and be was always ready to give bis fragments of crystalline spheres of ice. During ten Mr. Bowdich, the conductor of the late mission ledvice, or to communicate his opinion, on every years' observation, he had observed that the particles to Ashaptee, bas published a prospectus of another Subject connected with science. Mr. Dibdin, in his of hail were spherical pyramids, varying in size, but expedition, in which he pledges bimself to devote Bibliographical Decameron, justly says, “The in

having the same form. The apex had sometimes bis life to the interests of science. He requires a Comparable library of Natural History of Sir Joseph disappeared, but when present was apparently part subscription in the form of five-pound shares. A Anks, in which is in a wood of ancient growth and of a hard nucleus ; next to this cane another and small sum will be sufficient. as says Mr. Bow dich. primeral grandeur, amidst insects of all hues, rep larger portion, radiated from the apex as a centre, " The mission to Ashantee did not cost £1,500 sterhet either socuvus or innocuous, and wild beasts and this was covered on the side opposite to

and this was covered on the side opposite to the ling money, including expensive presents, some mislaat walk abroad or "love the lair," you may disport apex by a drusy port

helair" von may disport apex by a drusy portion of ice. From the constancy management in the outset, much inexperience, and al case, and solace yourselves without injury, and

of these appearances, he concluded, that, in the pro- the protracted maintenance of nearly 100 followers." to your heart's delight. Such a collection should duction of hail, a nucleus, composed of concentric We wish Mr. B. every success in this very spirited hat bot saffered to be dissipated; as neither years spheres, was first formed, on which a second radiated undertaking, and, from his known abilities, many or centaries can erase the name of the owner of it formation was superposed, and that these masses important geographical, mineralogical, and botanical Frea the records of imperishable fame.'

were then broken into pieces by a kiod of explosion.discoveries may be expected.-Edit. Kal.
For some years Sir Joseph Banks was much afflicted lp a storm which happened at la Bacconière, in
Wilde the gout: and during the last few months his the Department of Mayenne, in France, on the 4th
Health was su much on the decline, that he expressed of July, 1819, M. Delcros had an opportunity of

al to resign the office of President of the Royal observing these spheres, the fragments of which he
Society. He was induced, however, to relain it supposes generally form bail. The hail-stones which Letters from St. Petersburgh (says the Journal
Antil his death.

fell at that time were very large, some of them being of Science) dated March, state, that a new voyage Sir Joseph in person was tall and manly, and bis 15 inches in circunference, and they were globular. of discovery is to be made this summer. The expeCountenance exuressive of dignity and intelligence. When broken they cousisted of a very small oucleus, dition is to sail from the mouth of the Leua for the His manners were polite and urbane; his conversa- round which a larger had formed, and then this Frozen Ocean, exploring the coast of Siberia, and lion rich in instructive information, frank, engaging, again was surrounded by a very compact radiated the islands which were a few years ago discovered Waffected and without levity, yet endowed with ice, more transparent than the rest; the surface ex- | to the northward. A suspicion seems to exist that Pufficient vivacity. His information was general hibited the appearance of pyramids ranged one by a passage may be possible through these islande.Sed exteusive. Oa most subjects, de exercised the the side of another.-Biblioth Univer. 13. p. 1540' | Edit. Kal,

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The late Mr. Homer, of London, once dined
With a friend at Blackheath, who was liberal and kind.
His two lads, Bob and Bill, bad arriv'd fresh from

Where they aim'd more at wit than at science of

knowledge. When the cloth was remov'd, with an aspect of deubt Mr. Homer in silence got up, and walked out! Quoth Bob, “ Homer leaves us, without e'en a nod, 1 " He does," replied Bill, “ but, in fact, Homer's

odd-1-see." “Oh, oh!” exclaim'd Bob,“ you are witty, good Bill,

my lad; “ But you shan't outdo me; for, observe Homer's



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Monsieur grown sick of fricasée, '
And England wishing much to see,
To London came, where roasting beef,
and puddings large, surpass belief.
Monsieur found fault with all he saw,

And swore we ate our mutton raw;

So out he pull'd his pocket book

And wrote “ De English no can cook.". .

Before the 'Change this Frenchman stood,

Said he, “I do smell something good ;”. SIR,- In a late number of your interesting miscellany His nose then led him, slap, bang, pop, you gave an extract from Barry Cornwall's Marcian

In far-fam'd Birch's pastry shop. Colonna, beautifully describing the ocean. Without in

Some soup he took, and then a puff,

A tartlett, and a pinch of snuff. tending an inviduous comparison, I enclose you Lord “ Ma foi,” said he,“ down in my book, Byron's sublime apostrophe at the conclusion of the

I mark dis Birch de pastry cook." fourth canto of his Childe Harold.

D. Mad Bedlam next to view he went,

In front he saw a regiment; Roll on, thou deep and dark blue ocean-roll !

“Sure invalids,” said he, "might do Ten thousand fleets sweep over thee in vain ;

To guard such lunatics as you. Man marks the earth with ruin-his control

Your Colonel, vat is his name?

BIRCH-de pastry cook ?--the very same. Stops with the shore ;-upon the watery plain

Mon Dieu," said he, “where is my book? The wrecks are all thy deed, nor doth remain

Vat! Colonel BIRCH, a pastry cook !" A shadow of man's ravage, save his own,

For Guildhall next, his course he steered, When, for a moment, like a drop of rain,

Where bawling out on high appeared, He sinks into thy depths with bubbling groan,

Of Britain's boast-HER HEARTS OF OAK. Without a grave, unknell'd, uncoffin'd, and unknown.

“ Dat cratur-vat is his name?

BIRCH-de pastry cook ?--the very same. His steps are not upon thy paths,-thy fields

Parbleu," said he “ give me my book, Are not a spoil for him,-thou dost arise

Vat Cratur-Colonel-Pastry Cook !" And shake him from thee; the vile strength he wields St. Paul's he next with wonder viewed, For earth's destruction thou dost all despise,

Its school he entered—no boy rude

“How quiet," said he,“ just like our church," Spurning him from thy bosom to the skies,

“For that,” cried one, thank Old Tom Birch.” And send'st him, shivering in thy playful spray

“ Vat! Monsieur Birch ? you joke," said he, And howling, to his Gods, where haply lies

But they all cried, “Oui, Monsieur, Oui." His petty hope in some near port or bay,

“ Professor Birch will fill my book, And dashest him again to earth :--there let him lay.

Orateur, Colonel, Pastry Cook."

To Drury-lane he found his way, The armaments which thunderstrike the walls

The Adopted Child was then the play; of rock-built cities, bidding nations quake,

When looking at the printed book, And monarchs tremble in their capitals,

He found 'twas wrote by Birch the Cook. The oak leviathans, whose huge ribs make

Said he " when Monsieur Birch does die,

His bones in lead will surely lie ; Their clay creator the vain title take

To Westminster dey will be took, Of lord of thee, and arbiter of war;

For all he is von pastry cook."
These are thy toys, and, as the snowy flake,

They melt into thy yeast of waves, which mar
Alikc the Armada's pride, or spoils of Trafalgar. The following Words are from MOORE'S NATIONAL
Thy shores are empires, changed in all save thee

MELODIES; adapted to a simple and beautiful Ve.
Assyria, Greece, Rome, Carthage, where are they?

netian Air :Thy waters wasted them while they were free, And many a tyrant since; their shores obey

O come to me when day-light sets,

Sweet, then come to me; The stranger, slave, or savage; their decay

When smoothly go our gondolets, Has dried up realms to desarts :-not so thou,

O'er the moonlight sea. Unchangeable save to thy wild waves' play

When Mirth's awake, and Love begins,

Beneath that glancing ray, Time writes no wrinkle on thy azure brow

With sounds of lutes and mandolins, Such as creation's dawn beheld, thou rollest now,

To steal young hearts away. Thou glorious mirror, where the Almighty's form

then's the hour for those who love, Glasses itself in tempests ; in all time,

Sweet, like thee and me,

When all's so calm below, above, Calm or convuls' d in breeze, or gale, or storm,

The Heaven, and all the Sea ; Icing the pole, or in the torrid clime

When Maidens sing sweet Barcarolles, Dark-heaving ;-boundless, endless, and sublime

And Echo rings again, The image of Eternity--the throne

So sweet that all with ears and souls

Should love and listen then !
Of the Invisible; even from out thy slime
The monsters of the deep are made; each zone

Barcarolles are, according to Rosseau, (Dictionnaire de Mu.
Obeve thee. thou mest forth
Obeys thee; thou goest forth, dread, fathomless, alone. / SIC,

dread forhomloce alone sic,) the songs chanted by the Venetian Gondoliers,
And I have loved thee, Ocean! and my joy
Of youthful sports was on thy breast to be

Borne, like thy bubbles, onward : from a boy
I wantoned with thy breakers-they to me

“No man,” said a doctor one day to his friend, Were a delight; and if the freshening sea

Can complain of ill-usage from me." Made them a terror 'twas a pleasing fear,

“That's true,” said the other for all you attend, For I was as it were a child of thee,

From the cares of this world you set free." And trusted to thy billows far and near,

JACOBUS. And laid my hand upon thy mancas I do here. | Strand-strect.







6 5 4


1 Knight..5-6+ 1 King ....5-9
2 Bishop....1-4+ 2 Pawn ....3-6
3 Bishop....3-6+ 3 Bishop....3-6
4 Queen ....3-6+MATE.


On Monday last, Rufus Gregory, eldest son a San muel Gregory, Esq. of this town aged about thirteen years, was out in the fields shooting squirrels, he saw a bear not far off, making directly for him. As gun was loaded only with small squirrel-shot, to bro at it with them would have little or no effect. Instead of quickly leaving the ground, as would naturally be expected from one of his age, he drew from his pocket some rifle balls, and instantly put them into his mustel: and, before the bear had reached him, he levelled i piece, and shot it through the heart. From the Motha irose Gazette, May 20.

The Naturalist's Diary,

| About the 11th of August, the puffin (alca| In their own bright Kathaian bowers,
arctica) migrates. Priestholme, or Puffin's Island,

Sparkle such rainbow butterflies,
For AUGUST, 1820.
about three quarters of a mile from the Isle of

That they might fancy the rich flowers,
Anglesea, abounds with these birds; and their

That round them in the sun lay sighing,

Had been by magic all set flying. Lalla Rookh. docks, for multitude, may be compared to swarms [To be continued throughout the year.] of bees.

The caterpillar of the death's-bead, bee-tiger,

jessamine-hawk, or potato-motb ( sphinx atropos), To the middle of the month, the swift disappears AUGUST.

is found about this time upon potatoes, artfully and probably migrates to more southern regions.

concealing itself in the day time on those parts of the Sertilis was the ancient Roman name of this Rooks begin to roost in their nest trees, and young

stems of the plants which are best covered with month, being the sixth from March. The Emperor brooks of goldfinches (fringilla carduelis ) appear;

over-shadowing leaves. They are sometimes found Augustas ebanged this game, and gave it bis own, I lapwings (tringu vanellus) and linnets (fringilla because in this month Cæsar Augustus took posses.Tlinota congregate : the outbatch chatters and to also upou greeu elder and Jessamine. A specimeli

of this rare and noble insect, taken in July 1818, sion of his first consulsbip, celebrated three trimphs, wards the eud of the month, the redbreast is again

| is described as being about four inches long, yellow, recluced Egypt noder the power of the Roman peoheard.

with purple spots on the back, and purple streaks ple, and put an end to all civil wars.

At the beginniog of August, melilot (trifolium | down the sides. It ate the tops of potatoes very

officinale), rue (ruta graveolens), the water parsnip greedily. It is the only insect of the lepidoptera Now past each gentle zephyr, summer gale,

(sysimbrium nasturtium), horehound (marrubium order that has a voice. The raging heats of Sirius prevail :

vulgare), water-nut ( mentha aquatica), the orpine Tbe barvest-bug (acarus ricinus), in this and the No more the air refreshing breezes yields,

(sedum telephium), and the gentiana amarella, following month, proves a very troublesome and disWhose balmy breathings scent the mantled fields : have their flowers full blown. The purple blossoms agreeable insect, particularly in some of the southPair Flora now to Ceres leaves the plain,

of the meadow saffron (colchicum autumnale) nowern counties of England. The best cure for the bite Diffusing plenty o'er her wide domain ;

adora the low moist lands. The number of plants is hartshorn. Flies now abound, and torment both She opes her stores, and strews them through the mead, in flower, however, is greatly lesseoed in August, men and animals with their perpetual buzzing. And golden harvests all the surface spread.

those whicb bloomed in the former months running Wasps and hornets become, in this and the succeedWe have commonly fine wather* in August, and fast to seed. Yet, we are continually reminded of ing month, very annoying to us in our rural walks. this is particularly desirable, that the principal the bounty of our Creator; though the flowers of Another troublesome insect wbich abounds in AuSooree of the farmer's wealth may be safely housed. Spring and the lovely rose are no more, the fruits gust, is the tabanus pulvialis, sticking on the Nor o'er his corn the sturdy farmer looks,

of Summer and of Autumn now pour in their hands and legs, and, by piercing the skin with its And swells with satisfaction to behold abundant stores.

proboscis, causing a painful inflammation. Cattle The plenteous harvest which repays his toil. We too are gratified, and feel a joy

Heaths and commons are now in all their beauty; are severely exposed to its attacks, though the dragon Inferior but to his, partakers all

the flowers of the various species of beatb (erica fly (libellula), the beautiful insect that frequents of the rich bounty Providence has strewed

covering them with a fine purple bue. Ferns also the shaded ponds, bears the blame of the other's Is plentiful profusion o'er the field.

begin to flower, the commouest sort of which is the mischief, under the name of horse-stinger, but is Tell me ye fair, Alcanor tell me, what fero or brakes (polypodium filix-mas); but the

perfectly harmless. Is to the eye more cheerful, to the heart female (pteris aquilina, is the most beautiful

(To be concluded in our next.) More satisfactive, than to look abroad, And from the window see the reaper strip,

plaat. Look round, and put his sickle to the wheat? Insects still continue to swarm; they sport in the

Correspondence. Or hear the early mower whet his scythe,

sua from Aower to flower, from fruit to fruit, and And see where he has cut his sounding way, subsist themselves upon the superfluities of nature.

TO THE EDITOR. E'en to the utmost edge of the brown field

The white-bordered butterfly (papilio antiopa) apOf cats or barley? What delights us more,

pears about the beginning of August, lives through Than studiously to trace the vast effects

SIR--lo your last week's-Kaleidoscope appeared Of unabated labour?

the winter, and appears again in the spring, in com- | To observe Hor soon the golden field abounds with sheaves ?

pany with papilio io, the peacock butterfly, &c. a letter, the author of which seemed considerably How soon the oat and bearded barley fall,

There is something very extraordinary in the perio- annoyed at the support which the Eye Institutions In frequent lines before the keen-edged scythe ?

dical but irregular appearances of this species, lately established in this town were receiving, and The clatt'ring team then comes, the swarthy hind

edusa and cardui. Tbey are plentiful all over the thought the money subscribed towards the establishDown leaps and doffs his frock alert, and plies kingdom in some years, after which, antiopa in parThe shining fork. Down to the stubble's edge ticular will not be seen by any one for eight or ten ment of one The easy wain descends half built, then turns or more years, and then appear again in as great ated to other charitable purposes and subjects; the And Isbours up again. From pile to pile

abundance as before. To suppose they come from propriety of handing over the subscriptions towards With rastling step the swain proceeds, and still Bears to the groaning load the well-pois'd sheaf.

the continent is an idle conjecture, because the EngThe gleaner follows, and with studious eye

the formation of another Dispensary; that another, lish specimens are easily distinguished from all And bended shoulders traverses the field

others by the superior whiteness of their borders. Dispensary would be highly useful nobody can deny. To all the scattered ear, the perquisite

Perhaps, their eggs in this climate, like the seeds of but at the same time subscriptions solicited for a By heaven's decree assigned to them who need, some vegetables, may occasionally lie dormant for

purpose ought to be devoted to that only for which And neither sow nor reap. Ye who have sown,

several seasons, and not batch, until some extraorAnd reap so plenteously, and find the grange

they were intended; and at the same time I must diuary, but indiscovered coincidences awake them Too Larrow to contain the harvest giv'n,

into active life. (Haworth's Lepidoptera Britanobserve, that I think the money could not be em. Be not severe, and grudge the needy poor

nica) Papilio autiopa was in great abundance in ployed to more beneficial purposes, than in affording so small a portion. Scatter many an ear, Nor let it grieve you to forget'a sheaf,

the year 1792; but scarcely a single specimen has relief to those labouring under that most afflicting of And overlook the loss. For He who gave been since tiine. P. cardui was common ip 1808,

all diseases, sore eyes, which incapacitates the sufwil bounteously reward the purposed wrong

but very scarce till 1818. P. edusa was common Done to yourselves; nay more, will twice repay in the years 1808, 1811, and 1818; but, in some

ferer from following his usual avocations, and withThe generous neglect. The field is cleared;

seasons, scarcely a single specimen has been ob | out immediate relief, in some cases, the poor creaNe sheaf remains, and now the empty wain served.

tures who derive the benefit from these institutions A load less honourable awaits. Vast toil succeeds, And still the team retreats, and still returns Above the sovereign oak, a sovereign skims,

would loose that valuable blessing eye-sight; and To be again full fraught. Proceed, ye swains,

The purple emp'ror, strong in wings and limbs;
There fair Camilla takes her flight serene;

the superior skill which surgeons attached to these And make one autumn of your lives, your toil Adonis blue, and Paphia silver queen;

places must have in the treatment of that tender Still new, your harvest never done. Proceed, And stay the progress of the falling year, With every filmy fly from mead or bower,

organ, whose practice will, in a large town like this,

And hungry sphinx who treads the honied flow'r; And let the cheerful valley laugh and sing,

She o'er the larkspur's bed, where sweets abound,

be of the greatest benefit in taking out of the hands of Crowned with perpetual AUGUST. Never faint,

Views every bell, and hums th' approving sound; And ever let us hear the hearty shout

ignorant quacks the power of doing evil, of which

Pois'd on her busy plumes, with feeling nice Sent up to Heaven, your annual work complete

She draws from every flower, nor tries a flowret twice.

description, I believe your author Aliquis, to be, And harvest ended. Hurdis.

from the virulence with which he attacks one of Crabbe.

the lastitutions, or else he is a disappointed candi. • There are some exceptions. In the year 1799, per

Some of the Chinese butterflies, called, in the lanpetual rain rendered the country in August as green as

date for dispensaral honours, and hopes by the forit usually is in May. Many thousand acres of wheat guage of the country, 'flying leaves,' have such shinand other grain were covered with water.

mation of another Dispensary, to have a forlorn hope The rivers

ing colours and are so variegated, that they may ban

| be truly called “flying flowers ;' and, indeed, they of sometime getting employment. Yours, overflowed, and swept away the produce of whole farms;

. and a great scarcity of bread ensued. are always produced in the flower gardens.


ore u


A Witty Way.--Flowerdew, when teacher of rhetoric and elocution, at Hackney, was patronized by several of

oori The Brama. our first citizens and Aldermen. Calling to pay a Awful event... An article from. Coblertz of the 14th friendly visit to a worthy Ex-Mayor, Alderman, and in the first volume of the old series of the Kakita h ult. describes the following magnificent, but calamitous | Pastry Cook, among other refreshments he was honoured event :-On the evening of the 7th a manifest motion by Mr.


scope, No. 38, we gave at great length the singular

B serving him with a glass of whey was observed throughout a considerable part of the great on a silver salver. Upon taking the cooling and unin

story of The Vampyre. This horrid narative has mountains of Seven Hours, [Siaben Uhren), situated

toxicating beverage, observed-Pray, Sir, is this your since become the groundwork of a new and pepair on the Moselle, something less than a mile from Bruttig.

whey?, was the reply. Then, Šir, this is my As large fissures had been previously remarked on the

melo drama, of the plot, &c. of which, we subjih top of the hill, the circumstance excited much anxiety, way, and away F. went.

the following outline, abridged from the Exit which was fully justified by the result. About midnight

ANECDOTE OF OUR LATE KING AT HIS of the 7th, huge fragments of rock began to roll from

10 sauf india is THE VAMPYRE. the upper region of the hill; as they descended, they

CORONATION. bore along with them masses of the mountain of greater


After the annointing was over in the Abbey, and size; and the whole side at length gave way, pouring

“A new melo drama called The Vampyre was down an uninterrupted tortent of earth and rocks, which the crown put upon the King's head, with great shout- duced at the English Opera on Wednesday, and continued rolling until four o'clock the following morning, the two Archbishops came to hand him down from

| with an excellent reception, which it continued to di ing. Forty vineyards were completely overwhelmed with the throne to receive the sacrament. He told them perience on the succeeding nights. It is founded on the the prodigious ruin, which bore before it houses, trees, he would not go to the Lord's Supper, and partake of story which was lately imposed upon the public as IA and every other obstruction until it reached the river,

that ordinance, with the crown upon his head; for hel Byron's, who had suggested it in conversation. The the bed of which it soon Aued up throwing back the looked upon himself, when appearing before the King hero (if we may call such a brutal phantom of a ftiga water upon the cultivated country to a height of three of kings, in no other cbaracter than as a humble Chris a hero, as indeed is too often the case) is a spirit of the or four feet ; thus effecting a second mischief, the extent

tian! The Bishops replied, that although there was class of Vampyres, who are doomed to be annihil of which cannot be appreciated.

no precedent for this, it should be complied with. I when they can no longer sustain themselves with head Immediately he put of his crown, and laid it aside.

blood. He gets into the body of Earl Ruthven, te "Middleburg (Virginia) May 30.-On the 13th in-He then desired that the same should be done with

has lately died, and re-appears before Lord Ronaldo stant, a piece of land of upwards of five acres, lying on respect to the Queen. It was answered. that her 1 of the Earl s travelling acquaintances who bad the east side of the bank of the Lake Champlain, sunkcrown was so pinned on her head that it could not be his expiring moments. His Lordship's astonish. about forty feet into the lake, throwing the bed of the easily taken off. To which the King replied, “ Well,

ly taken to which the King replied, “Well may be conceived; but the Vampyre has spells alot lake up about ten feet above the surface of the water. A let it be reckoned a part of her dress, and in no other

him, which help him over these kind of obstacles, and part of the land was covered with small trees of various light."

by the same means he contrives to inspire his Lordships kinds, some of which were torn up by the roots. Thc

daughter with a sudden passion for him. In fact, pressure against the water occasioned it to rise nearly

There are at present 1634 students on the books of has no time to lose ; he must have his usual meal ta three feet on the opposite shore, which is about a while | Trinity College, Dublin ; an unprecedented number; | very evening, or be annihilated. The nuptials tenen and a half distanta duint

Oxford 'has 4102, and Cambridge 3058 members; also fore under pretence of his being obliged to go to some 2015

quite beyond all former example. Horrid Transaction.

distant place upon business, are fixed for the afternoon The Western Reserve Chroni.

and the Earl in a transport of delight, looks at his tata ek, of Ohio, of the lst ult. gives a distressing account

bride as if, he could devour her. Our ferninivona of the death of Philemon, William, and Cyrus, three THEATRICAL COINCIDENCES. bridegroom however is somewhat inconsistently reptes only children of Mr. Zaphna and Mrs. Lois Stone, of

sented as consenting to exist in this manner, and a Kinsman, in that State, who were drowned by the hand

capable of being touched with pity. The beauty of their mother! The circumstances are peculiar, and


qualities of his intended supper give him a pang of were communicated for publication by a clergyman.

morse, and finding that there is a very pretty piece a Mr. and Mrs. Stone possessed amiable dispositions, sus

flesh about to be married to a young rustic, he attente tained unblemished characters, and had lived together in

Tthink the following will apswer to the queries in


to carry her off secretly, in order to give some resh the utmost harmony. During a late revival of religion,

at least to his other dish. Unluckily the second cu Mrs. S. was awakened, and supposed she had experienced

No. 1. answers to The Farmer.

shrieks; and the young rustic coming up, deliver a change of heart. Soon after, however, she settled

The Romp. down in a state of gloom and melancholy, and declared

19... .

from his jaws by shooting him. Lord Ronald is to A Tale of Mystery.

witness the second death of his friend (Ruthten; that she had committed the unpardonable sin. Under

4. - Wedding Day.

the spell is still upon him, and he consents, with this inpression, and believing, that if taken off at their

The Lotrery.

lemn oath to fulfil his " more last words" in keeping a present tender age, the children would be happy, and

Sleeping Draught.

death a secret till the going down of the moon, ang believing also that, having committed the unpardonable

- Miller and his Men.

throwing a ring he gives him into a particular pan sin, no injury would follow to herself, while her husband

- Mignight Hour.

the sea. He does so: when he hears a voice which was gone to meeting, on Sunday, the 14th day of May,

- Blind Boy.

takes to be his friend's spirit, exclaim, ** Rememan she drowned the little innocents in a spring about three


your oath." There is a little bit of underplot here feet deep.—The verdict of the Coroner's inquest was

-Follies of a Day.

the rustic, who has fled from his Lordship's vengea “ Drowned by the mother in a fit of insanity.”

- Past Ten o'clock.

and meets him on the sea-shore. Ronald thinks hea Ertraordinany Fact.-A short time since, two gen- following to be answered next week :

Perhaps you would so far oblige me as to insert the killed and thrown him into the sea; but he sufrites slemen residing at Brighton, 'having visited Horsham,

meets his friends again, who, encountering a

1. Cabinet---2. Hypocrice-3. Bold Stroke for a clown, that is going to fetch a friar for Lord Ruth looked into the work house of that town, to observe how Wife-4. Henry VIII.-5. The Exile-6. Jealous Wife wedding, sees that there must be some terrible y the poor were taken care of. The master conducted

7. New Way to Pay Old Debts-8. George Barn- the business, and resolve to go and inform the o them about most parts of the building, and at length well-9. Gamester--10. Julius Cesar-11. Road to at all events. Lord Ronald, in the mean white, pointed to a door in the yard, in which was a small | Ruin-12. All in the Wrong.

home, and does not know how he shall break the grated opening, remarking, that therein was confined a

intelligence to his daughter; when she astonishes poor lunatic, a female, named Evans, who had been

| by saying that she has just parted with Ruthoch, u there for several years, and whose father had been an


has urged her to marry him before the going occupant of the same cell for many years also, previous

the moon. The truth instantly flashes upon the to his daughter's affliction, from a similar cause, his

SIR, malady only terminating with his dissolution. Curiosity

stricken father, who, on Ruthven's entrance, eam conceive the following are appropriate an

a phrenzied loathing, calling out to his daughter induced the gentlemen to take a peep through the grate swers to the list of Plays you were pleased to insert.

e, and

touch him, and exclaiming that he saw him akt: at the unhappy woman : she was seated on a low chair, 1 last week.

that he is a

“ Rember your oath!" say and busied in a most extraordinary employment, that of No. 1. answers to The Farmer.

Vampire apart ; and the honourable old man feeding two enormous rats in her lap with crumbs of

The Romp.

nev lamentations. He only entreats his daug bread, which she had evidently reserved for them.

The Adopted Child.

to marry before the going down of the moon : bu The approach of the strangers had been noticed by her,

Lovers Quarrels.

conduct appears to her su unaccountable, that the and while “ hush” gently issued from her lips, she

wie The Lottery.

tre persuades her that he is seized with a fit of the lightly motioned with her hand for them to depart, lest

How to Die for Love.

and she is so much under the influence 01. their presence should disturb her company. What she

-Honest Thieves.

that when her father is taken out half lifeless by, apprehended presently occurred, and the rats the next

-The Midnight Hour.

dants, she consents that the wedding shall as instant disappeared. The maniac was now convulsed

-The Blind Boy.

The chapel is accordingly prepared, the phy with rage, and in her ravings uttered imprecations the

Of Age To-morrow.

others in readiness, the altar blazing., most dreadful that could be listened to, and which had

11. -
-The Intriguing Chambermaid.

bridegroom about to approach it. The lady the effect of occasioning her overlookers to retire. This 12.

Past Ten o'Clock.

| tates a little, and begs him to indulge her p poor creature they found, of whom every possible care N.B.No. 10, instead of “The Mirror," Foote's

his wish, however idle: but he gets impatien was taken, derived a solace in her affliction from the comedy of The Minor."

oeremony is just about to proceed, when the employment they had witnessed, which nothing else Your correspondent Stagebor, bas preceded me invoice is heard, coming in, and he appears could bestow, and which, as the vermin never injured No. 6; but as my friend Puff says, it is but two men tic and others, and forbids it. The goblin her, was allowed, to avoid plunging her into those hor- thinking allke, and I believe you will think that I press his fury and horror, and he urges mi rible paroxysms, in one of which they had left her, and thought first. :

trifling wish so fiercely, that we are bound which they were told was not likely very soon to subside.

had, 1.93... CHARLES DANGLE. 'incompatible with the spell that is upon mula


9. 10.


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he influence of his spells,

half lifeless by the attenading shall take place.

hared, the priest and ar blazing, the bride and ach it. The lady hete hesi

dulge her poor father in gets impatient, and the cd, when the old man's

rs with the ris. 6. The goblin tries to sup" he turges his apparently We are bound to suppose it

is upon his bride, for

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