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PREFACE.
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ANY selections of excellent matter have lately been made for the benefit of young persons. Performances of this kind are of so great utility, that fresh produetions of them, and new attempts to improve the young mind, will searcely be deemed superfluous, if the writer make his compilation instructive and interesting, and sufficiently distinct from others.

The present work, as the title expresses, aims at the attainment of three objects: to improve youth in the art of reading; to meliorate their language and senti. menis; and to inculcate some of the most important principles of piety and virtue.

The pieces selected, not only give exercise to a great variety of emotions, and the correspondent tones and variations of voice, but contain sentences and members of sentences, which are diversified, proportioned and pointed with accuracy. Exercises of this nature åre, it is presumed, well calculated to teach youth to read with propriety and effect. A selection of sentences, in which variety and propor, tion, with exact punctuation, have been carefully observed, in all their parts well as with respect to one another will probably have amuch greater effect properly teaching the art of reading than is commonly imagined. In such structions, every thing is accommodatet-to the understanding and the voit per the common difficulties in learning to read well are obviated. When has acquired a habit of reading such sentences, with jnstness and faci/ces muro readily apply that habit, and the improvements he has made, to s complicated and irregular, and of a construction entirely differey

The language of the pieces chosen for this collection, has beggance of diction
ed. Purity, propriety, perspicuity, and, in many instances
distinguish them. They are extracted from the works of the
egant writers.

From the sources whence the sentimy
der may espect to find them connected and regula
for this species of excellence; and to produce a habit of thee of exu..
ing, with judgment and accuracy.*

learner, Some rules ani! That this collection may also serve the , however, be found useful, to the Compiler has introduced many extras modes of utterance; to give the able light; and which recommend a f the subject; and to assist hin in lence of their nature, and the bappy rate mode of delivery. The user

* The learner, in his progress thro] inake, for these purposes, may be with numerous instances of cerrallowing heads : PROPER LOUDNESS OF ting perspicuous and elega English Grammar. JJINESS ; SLOWNESS; PROPRIETY OF PRONU) ed in the utility of APHASIS ; TONES; PAUSES ; and MODE OF RF : terity. It is proper

NOTE. read accuraty of the observations contained in this preliminary tract, the Author is! auxiliarische writings of Dr. Blair, and to the Encyclopedia Britannica. ciples or

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are exhibited in a style and manner, ybich are calculated to arrest the attention of youth ; and to make strong and durabie impressions on their minds.*

The Coin piler has been careful, to avoid every expression and sentiment that might gratify a corrupt mind, or, in the least degree offend the eye or ear of innocence. This he conceives to be peculiarly incumbent on every person who writes for the benefit of youth. It would, indeed, be a great and happy improvement in education, if no writings were allowed 10' come under their notice, but such as are perfectly innocent; and if, on all proper occasions, they were encouraged to pe. ruse those which tend to inspire a due reverence for virtue and an ahhorrence of vice, as well as to animate them with sentiments of piety and goodness. Such im. pressions deeply engraven on their minds, and connected with all their attainments, could scarcely fail of attending them through life ; and of producing a solidity of principle and character, that would be able to resist the danger arising from future intercourse with the world.

The Author has endeavored to relieve the grave and serious parts of his collee. tion, by the occasional admission of pieces which amuse as well as instruct. If, however, any of liis readers should think it contains too great a proportion of the former, it may be soine apology, to observe that, in the existing publications, de signed for the perusal of young persons, the preponderance is greatly on the side of gay and amusing productions. Too much attention may be paid to this medium of improvement. When the imagination, of youth especially, is much entertained, the sober dietates of the understanding are regarded with indifference; and the infuence of good affections, is either feeble, or transient. A emperate use of Ich entertainment seems therefore requisite, to afford proper scope for the opera

of the understanding and the heart. to yceader will perceive, that the Compiler has been solicitous to recommend work, kersons, the perusal of the sacred Scriptures, by interspersing through his ings. To f the most beautiful and interesting passages of those invaluable writof so high ime an early taste and veneration for this great rule of life, is a point

ance, as to warrant the attempt to promote it on every proper

occasion.

To improve they duous and important

ng mind, and to afford some assistance to tutors, in the aron If the Author sbous be so successful as to accomplish these ends, even in a

k of education, were the motives which led to this producall degree, he will think that this time and pains have been well employed ; and

I deem himself-mply rewarded.

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OBSERVATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLES OF GOOD

READING. To read with propriety is a pleasing and important attainment; productive of improvement both to the understand ing and the heart. (It is essential to a complete reader that he minutely perceive the ideas, and enter into the feelings of the author, whose sentiments he professes to repeat or how is it possible to represent clearly to others, what we have but faint or inaccurate conceptions of ourselves if there were no other benefits resulting from the art of reading well, than the necessity it lays us under, of precisely ascertaining the means ing of what we read; and the habit thence acquired, of doing this with facility, both when reading silently and aloud, they would constitute a sufficient compensation for all the labour we can bestow upon the subject. But the pleasure derived to ourselves and others, from a clear communication of ideas and feelings; and the strong and durable impressions made thereby on the minds of the reader and the audience, are considerations, which give additional importance to the study of this necessary and useful art. The perfect attainment of it doubtless requires great attention and practice, joineil to extraordinary natural powers: but as there are many degrees of excellence in the art, the student whose aims fall short of perfection will find himself amply rewarded for every exertion he

may
think

proper to make. 'To give rules for the management of the voice in reading, by which the necessary pauses, emphasis, and tones, may be discovered and put in practice, is not possible. After all the directions that can be offered on these points, much will remain to be taught by the living instructor: much will be attainable by no other means, than the force of example inti!encing the imitative powers of the learner. Some rules and principles on these heads will, however, be found useful, to prevent erroneous and vicious modes of utterance; to give the young reader some taste of the subject; and to assist him in acquiring a just and accurate mode of delivery. The uservations which we have to inake, for these purposes, may he comprised under the following heads : PROPER LOUDNESS OF VOICE; DISTINCTNESS ; SLOWNESS; PROPRIETY OF PRONU) CIATION; EMPHASIS ; TONES; PAUSES; and MODE OF RFI ING VERSE. 3

NOTE. For many of the observations contained in this preliminary tract, the Author is! debled to the writings of Dr. Blair, and to the Encyclopedia Britacnica.

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