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FINE ARTS.

*competicior who has outrivalled him thou shouldst expect a better situby artifice; and he who but a few ation? Wherefore is it that thou weeks since was received with uni- assumest the right to complain or versal plaudits passes quietly along pretendest to be angry with thy lot? the street, happy if he can escape The temper which has made thee the derision of the multitude. discontented under thy present cir

But it would not have been thus cumstances has proved thee unworwith me, said the unquiet Hafiz, thy of a better condition. Behold who assumed courage from the therefore the punishment that amanner of Aladdin Had I been waits thee-While Haliz paused at possessed of power it should have the thoughts which these words of been exercised with judgment and the Genius occasioned, he had distempered with mercy. Wealth in appeared from the sight; but immy hands should have procured mediately Hafiz perceived that his blessings for others, and the poor of the enemy who ravaged the fron;

cottage was in flames, and a band should have shouted at my name

tier seizerl on the defenceless and Ignorant man (interrupted Aladdin) thou art unacquainted with the for life as a slave in their galleys.

complaining Hafiz and bound him infirmity of thy nature. Every disposition is assailed by its own peculiar temptations, and that which is most congenial to it is sure to be successful.

The elevation to power or to wealth would have exposed

The following examination of the you more easily to the dangers question “What are the uliimate which surround it on every side; prospects of the Arts in England ?for the perplexities that are occa- will reward the attention it requires, sioned by it are made to arise as The writer who, “ if it be a sin to 'some kind of balance to the please covere honour, is the most of ording ures of the place. Put how unrea-soul aliuc," has conclucted his ensonable are thy complaints! see there that band of unfortunate be- mation, and has given us the result

quiry with much ability and inforings who have no home for protec- l of his labors in an easy and elegant tion, and no ability for labour, to whom idleness and poverty have

style. It is taken from the Montlı

ly Magazine, published in March. grown familiar and inseparable, who have no solace in the sentiments of most important literary information

A work that generally gives us the friendship and no acquaintance with and claims the first rank in the perithe feelings of the heart. They

odical publications of the age. live a wandering and dissolute life, unknowing when they rise, what It is proposed to consider, the prothey shall eat, or where they shall bable efforts of encouragement given to sleep again ;-borne down and dis- the cultivation of the aris, and of extressed with pain and sickness; the means of honour's, and through the

citement produced in their progress, by loathing existence and obliged to channels of distinctive rank. bear ils burthen, in society they are The experience of the naturalist de. a reproach and disgrace beyond it monstrates, that nothing more powerfulthcy have no thought, and for wantsitive plant to maturity, and finally lo

ly contributes to bring a tender and senof capacity can have no delight in perfection, than the nourishment of it reflection. What art thou then that by a constant renewal of materials agree

able to its original growth, or nature., one of the most congenial modes of elic. In a similar manner, reason will show iting the native powers of genius. us, that, iri the intellectual, as in the

But they may likewise be considered physical garden, the blossoms of the as necessary to the most salutary exer tree will ever be most beautiful, tions of genius. It is desirable, not on. when the nutrition it receives ly to cultivate the genius of our land, from the care of superintendance, is but to give to its cultivation a philan, congenial with its essential qualities.

throphic tendency, to make it beneficial Honour, if it may not be considered as as well as powerful, and that while it an innate object of desire in the breast acquires the force requisite to win ad. of men of talents, is at least the sensible miration, it should also adopt the modes image of that impression on the infant most calculated to obtain our affection. mind, inscrutable in its origin, but inde. These modes it will the most readily lible in its effects, which alone appears assume, while it looks forward to a re. to command the energies and direct the turn of favourable attention from the superior exertions of genius. The pain- minds of those, to whom it directs ito ter and the poet, indeed, often turn a influence. Merit, compelled 10 watch side from the guilding brightness of and cherish in solitude the germs of intheir guarding star, to seek support, or ternal talent, and unable finally to resease under ignobler influence ; but it cue its claims from obscurity, will not, will be found that they never do so indeed, lose its powers, nor forfeit its without a consciousness that they de- essential title to superiority, but it is in grade, or, as it were, desert their na. danger of eventually assuming an air tive faculties, nor without, at the same more savage than benevolent, of dictat. time, deviating from the paths which ing rather than persuading, of deterlead to excellence and immortality. ring instead of inviting : if urged to conOn the other hand necessity may serts the path of instruction, to obey

test by opposition, it too frequently desometimes chain down the reluctant the impulses of irritated feelings, de spirit, and the sense of honor may re: rides or stigmatizes what nature would main firm and vivid, although its call have prompted it to admire, and en: can no longer be obeyed; but, on the deavours to subvert what it is not alsupposition of the freedom of choice lowed to polish. and action being on an average footing with the moderate conditions of life, it with regard to the arts, is therefore ac

Every laudable purpose of society, is unquestionable that the wish the con complished by annexing honours to the test for honourable distinctions, may be successful exertion of talents. Nor is regarded as the invariable test of such this doctrine new in respect to the gen. talents as are designed by providence eral instruction of all civilized nations, to illumine and instruct mankind.

for the progress of intellectual studies. It is not meant, by honorable distinc. It is, fortunately for learning, new only tions, to imply the acquisition or poss in respect to the cultivation of the arts -ession of merely ostentatious, or inap- of painting and sculpture ; and, unfor

. propriate titles, but the acquisition of tunately for us, it is, in this respect, such marked acknowledgment of emi- newer in England than in any other nent powers, as may every where secure country in Europe. An Academy of the claims of the possessor to deference the Arts established by royal favour and respect. Titles and rank bear no has, indeed, elevated a certain number essential relation to intrinsic merit, yet from the common mass, and the indusare they still the agreed symbols, or, try of its members has secured then in a manner, the current and legal coin from the desolating prospect of men. of public esteem. The coin, it is allow. dicity, but there is no great honour in ed, is often debased, and often counter- attaining what it is a disgrace not to s. feit; but these are circumstances which void; the seat which mediocrity may produce no alteration in the value of its reach cannot be a ground of distinction original standard.

for other distinctions are necessary to. If distinctions, then, imply the ac- wards the exaltation of the arts. knowledgment of superior merit, if they Let us now enquire what other pepe reflect back to the mind the sensation wards of honour are open to those ar's of honour, they must be found to form I in England. The only one which our

state acknowledges, is the title of excitements, whereby liis talents might King's Painter, annexed to an office to have been fully called into exertion. which the painter is generally advanced, This instance is sufficient to explain not by public competition, but by private the views of our enquiry, regarding the favour, and so little regarded as an ob- influence of honours and rank on the ject of fame, that the artist, if he do arts. Such honours as empty titles can not disdain, at least overlooks the em- bestow, by no means appear to constiployment ; for he hires inferior painters tute the species of distinction, which at a cheap rate, to paint the pictures may be supposed at once to reward and required of him, and to enable him to stimulate genius. Before the arts can take what he regards as the only re- be expected to reach their ultimate despectable fruits of his office, into his gree of elevation in a philosophicalland, pocket. This office was, some years a more solid and permanent basis must since, ludicrously conferred on the late support the honours to be allotted to Sir Joshua Reynolds : I say ludicrousl, them, and they must find their estabfor who but must smile on reflecting lishment on fair and public ground, that an artist, to whom the sovereign where their claims may be duly investi. always declined to sit for his portrait, gated and as duly rewarded. If they was chosen to convey the resemblance be truly denominated liberal arts, it is of that very monarch to foreign nations, among the national classes of liberal and to their latest posterity ? Yet, ri- study that they must take their station, diculous as this circumstarice may ap. It is here that they must be taught to pear, it was, alas ! the only instance of seek for distinction, not from the favor royal favour which graced the profes- of a partial admirer, or a courtly patron, sional efforts of that most accomplished but from the more exalted suffrages of painter, either before or after he be learning and patriotism. came, from secondary views, the titled President of the Academy.--He, to of this point, on account of some unjust

It may be the more requisite to insist whose hand nature gave her own truth; prejudices under which the arts of deand from whose pencil she borrowed sign evidently labour in this country. grace, he, by whom Alexander would The degree of rank or estimation, in have chosen, in the polished age of which we hold those studies, is at vå. Greece, to transmit his image to future riance with the terms in which we ages, absolved his long career of public speak of them. We call them liberal admiration, wholly unemployed by the arts ; but how can that be construed sovereign whose reign and country he liberal which is unconnected with esadorned.

tablished liberal education and in which This extraordinary, nay,almost incre- no person in the liberal classes of life dible circumstance, leads to the fuller would professionally engage ? The fathelucidation of the nature of those na- er who would bring his son up to the tional distinctions which may be con practice of physic, or the law, will besisidered as provocative of talent. Rey. tate to make him a painter or a sculptor. nolds, with us, was a Knight, and Our present system of opinions thereKing's Painter ; but these honours were fore, allows painters to be gentlemen, so far from serving as a ground of fu. but will not allow gentlemen to be painture emulation in his art, that they have ters. Men of liberal rank, in their intermerely left a riddle, scarce to be solved course with artists, rather consider them by posterity, wherefore no picture of as entitled to their condescension, than an artist so signalized, is to be found in as admitted to their presence on a foot. any of the various palaces of his sovering of equality. Indeed, so little has eigo. It is evident, therefore, that the the profession of a painter been hithercase of Reynolds, notwithstanding nom- to made the subject of attention, by the inal honours, cannot be quoted as an reflecting classes of society, that the instance of due distinction conferred on mental part of it, and the mechanical, merit; on the contrary, it may he safely are still spoken of under the same deasserted, teat at least half of the oppor-nomination; and a painter is equally a tunity offered by the life of so illustri. term expressive of the man who fills Ous an artist, to raise the character and the mind with the awful exhibitions of general estimation of English art, was the Sistine Chapel, and of him who cov. lost to our country for want of proper ers thc wainscot or the walls of our

....

houses, to secure them from the injuries | alike. Look round thee, Oh man; of smoke and rain.

trace the infinitely diversified modi. There is, no doubt, a reason of a more substantial nature to be given,

fications of nature. Must not that wherefore, an English gentleman should mind be omniscient which conceiro not consider painting as an eligible em- ed so grand a design-Must not thai ployment for his son, viz. the impossi- arm be omnipotent, which thus easi. bility of acquiring wealth by the pur- ly executed its purpose ? suit of it ; and this, is a fault inherent in its nature. With regard merely to honour, many situations in life are pre

ADVICE. ferred for our children, which yet we can hardly esteem more creditable to Advice from the lips of experithe holders. It certainly is no where ence, however great our veneration thought more honourable, for instance ought to be for the speaker, some: to brew than to paint, to fabricate that times fails of making proper im. which eclipses the intellect than that which enlightens it; but brewing is pression upon a young mind. We productive of immense opulence, pain are apt to suspect that age has chill. ting of none.

ed all sensibility to pleasure, and To state the whole result of the ques; that maxims of prudence are the eftion : in congenial cultivation, watch ful fects of apathy and indifference.encouragement, and just, public distinc. tions, will be found the true supports

That when amusements have lost of genius. Such is the real channel of their attraction and pleasure can no honour, in which the graphic artist, un- longer charm, age commences its der the philosophic guidance of English monitory caution and would reduce patrictism, may hope to rival

the ardor of youthful feelings to the “What e'er of Latin or of Grecian fame coldness of the isicles, which time Sounds in the ear of Time ;."

has collected round its own bosom. and such are the desirable means of perfecting the ultimate prospects of the Arts in England.

THE BIBLE. The Bible, whether we consult it as the earliest and most correct his

tory now extant; whether we conFor the Emerald.

sider the awful sublimity of its senMESS'RS. EDITORS,

timents, the picturesque beauty of its If the following sketches written as images, the boldness and brilliancy different circumstances suggesteu them ofits metaphors, the unaffected symto my mind be suitable for the Emerald, plicity of its style, the noble range of it would gratify me to see them in your its beautiful poetry, the cogency interesting eollection,

and force of many parts of its rea

soning; but above all the pure VARIETY:

system of morality it inculcates , Variety gives a zest to amuse- ought to be read and attentively ment. The same scenes, the same studied. The man who objects to pleasures, or the same food however its principles can claim as little cre. delightful at first, lose all their dit for his morality as he can for his charms by repetition. In the com- taste, who cavils at the manner in plex scenery of nature all is variety. which these principles are conveyed Its regularity is produced by an op- If religion be false the Bible is nerpositon of contrarient parts. The ertheless valuable; if revelation be species of its productions are simi-a fable the Bible should be deserved lar, but the individuals no where I ly dear,

THE YOUNG ROSCIUS.

A WISH.

human existence-He who can with Sost be every wind that fans the microscopic eye discover freckles, bosom of Almyra-Sweet be every roughness, wrinkles and squalid flower, whose fragrance meets her colours on a face that is to me be. in her walks. May no rude care witchingly beautiful, has only the disturb the serenity of her mind, nor misfortune to be frightened by uglithe widest scope for reflection ever ness where I am ravished with give cause for a tear.

charms. He that is so nice a conMay thy path in life be such as noisseur in good eating as to find poetry has feigned for its favorites, that of twenty dishes of any one of where Love presides with Virtue, which I eat with appetite there is and Beauty rests with Wisdom.- none so dressed as to be fit to be May the dew of heaven's favor like tasted by an epicure of his nice skill, the choice ointment of Aaron de- has by this only the misluck to scend in blessings on thy head make a bad dinner while I at the till possession anticipates every same table enjoy a very good one. wish that reason can create.

May thy sleep be sweet, Oh Innocence! may thy dreams be Whenever public opinion adopts pleasant, oh my beloved. When any sentiment it always holds it the sky shall darken, when the with avidity, and it is most of all clouds gather, may thy fear be con- zealous in concerns that are rather ducted on the electrical points of reli- connected with pleasure than intergion, and the “Genius of the storm” est. A player makes as much be some sister angel, who shall noise as a statesman, and the mimic gently guard thee to the eternal leader of mock battles is of equal world. Such for Almyra are the rank (in the daily papers at least) affectionate wishes of

with the chief of the national army. This was manifestly the case with master Betty, the wonder of whose

performance at first crouded every For the Emerald.

avenue to the theatre and engaged DESULTORY SELECTIONS,

the attention of every admirer of the drama. He appears now to have

descended to the level of a good acIt is the pleasing apologue of tor, and to possess no more celebTrajano Boccalini that to a famous rity than good talents in any procritic who presented all the faults

on ought to command. The of a celebrated poet to Apollo. A- following article respecting him in a pollo gave a sack of undressed dramatic review for February, may wheat-desired the critic to sepa- perhaps be perused with pleasure rate the chaff from the wheat-and by some of our readers. when the good man had with sol- “ On Monday the 9th of Feb. Masemn and impatient industry done ter Betty's engagement at Shrewsso, bestowed on him the chaff for bury Theatre closed, with the Earl

of Essex, and The Wage of Windsor, Nearly similar I much suspect for his benefit. The house literally. is the fate of those who hav pecu- overflowed ; and probably it was liar quicksightedness to discern the never graced with the attendance of minute and evanescent miseries of so many of the first families of the

GLENALVON.

AND ORIGINAL REMARKS.

his pains.

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