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men on an embassy or other public situation, because while I kept my

self perfectly calm I would fret him THE WANDERER,

into a passion and during the intoxi

cation of anger he would betray to No. 78,

me his secret instructions or the di

rect objects of his mission. Do'st thou well to be angry

? But although philosophy may This interrogation to the pro

lead us to very pleasant speculations phet may be applied with no little

on the weakness and the folly of anpertinence to almost every individ- ger, yet it is nevertheless a passion ual at certain moments of his life. implanted for wise purposes in our Do'st thou well to be angry? Have

nature and all our resolutions to preyou so little firmness as to permit first instance of unprovoked assault

vent it will be overthrown by the the petty vexations of life to throw your mind from its balance ; so lit- or attempt at personal insult. ile fortitude as not to be able to bear which strives rather to direct than

That will then be the best effort, what it is impossible to avoid, I destroy, and is contented with diand submit in silence when complaint rather aggravates than lessens minishing what it is impossible to the subject of your affliction ?

annihilate. Do'st thou well to be angry, when

There is a display of spirit necesanger is one of the most painful pas

sary for the support of character. sions of the soul? Is it judicious to He who once stoops, will soon be yield to the domination of a power

called upon to kneel, and the enwhich rules with arbitrary sway and croachments of his neighbors will keeps the mind in a tumult like the presently take from him the prosea in a storm ; which never answers posed advantages of this humble the end that it aims at and passing situation. The tameness which has away leaves its subject in the same once submitted to aggression invites difficulty and under the same mis- future insult, and the quiet subject fortunes as when it first began ?

is soon considered as a fair object on Do'st thou well to be angry, when which every bully may exercise his anger commonly places you in the courage and ferocity. most foolish situation imaginable ? It The anger therefore which is first affords merriment to the unconcern- displayed in a spirit to defend a. ed spectator and makes those despise gainst aggression, and appears in who would otherwise only pity you. moderate resentment against an in

I should like, said my Lord Ches-jury, is such a discovery of the pasterfield, to meet one of your cholcric , sion as may answer affirmatively to


VOL. 11.

the question, Dost thoy yell to be require its exercise, yet like others angry?

to which our nature is subject, it is The emotion is a guard against regulated by care, and disciplined insult and a protection from in- by art. In the business of life it is dignity, and properly displayed often convenient to conceal the feelgives no room for censure or ridi- ings and repress the irritation which cule. It ought however to be the they suffer, and he who has frequent inspiration of the moment, not the occasion to mix with the multitude odium in longa jacens. of Tiberius, for the purpose of observation, must which is nourished in the breast to first acquire an ascendancy over his a deep and spiteful malignity. Let own teinper, and prevent the ebul. not the sun go down upon your litions of anger and the paroxysms wrath," is an admonition of an in- of rage. spired writer, and should be taken As no passion is so distinc:. as a motto by every choleric man. ly marked on the features, and There is more danger however by its none with so much difficulty consudden appearance than by its con- cealed when it is felt, it becomes tinuing for any unreasonable time. necessary not merely to dissemble, Any man mav be surprised into e- but in reality 19 diminish its power, ror, but the vicious only will remain and thus in a singular degree the there, when the error is discovered. purposes of busy life conspire with

A particular liability to the influ- the precepts of morality to check ence of anger makes a man an un

the passions and counterpoise tl.cir pleasant companion, and a very dan- power. gerous friend. It is necessary at

This combat however, between all times to be upon guard lest fa- policy and passion, untess it be miliarity should be taken for provo-submitted to the arbitration of cation, and humour for insult, and morality, produces a character ile as the passion approaches to deliri- most odious in the circle of depravi. um in proportion to its violence, ty. Feeling the full force of a victhere is no determining what wounds lent and vindictive passion, but it will inflict, or what injury it will

afraid to throw it off in the rash and occasion. The secrets of friend- hasty display of itself which marks ship, the interests that were com

the impetuous conduct of a genermunicated in a moment of confi- ous anger, he allows it to stagnate dence, are disclosed in the impetu

in his own breast till it acquires a ous torrent which rolls from the more malignant and corrosive, tho' tongue of the provoked and angry in appearance a less dangerous nafriend ; those ties, dear as

ture ; and as it must have vent, ture, which were drawn round the finally comes) forth in treachery, heart in the season of intimacy, are robbery and' assassination. forgotten, and the most outrageous Mrs. Radcliffe, whose knowledge maniac is not more wild and unreas of human cliaracter justly enusonable than that vindictive dispo- tled her to be called " the Shakesition which unwitting!y tramples speare of Romance," has very alily on ryery right of friendship in the illustrated a being of this kind ungratification of its prevalent passion. der the name of Father Schedori,

Notwithstanding the universality a. man in whose breast all the hateof this passion, and its almost in- ful passions concentrated, and who, stinctive display on occasions that fearful of destroying an acquired


reputation, nurtured them in secret, minister. In the fifth year of his and made the darkness and solitude age his parents removed with him acquainted with his terrible crimes. to Grace-hill, in the county of An

If such be the tendency of the trim, Ireland. In the following passion of anger ; if displayed in year he was separated from them its own form it subjects one to ridi-for ever, and placed in the seminary cule and contempt, or alienates the of the United Moravian Brethren, affections of friendship and puts its at Fulneck, near Leeds, in Yorksubject to a distance in society; or shire. His parents were, afterwards, if concealed and harbored in the sent as missionaries to the West breast it eventually produces the Indies, to preach to the poor negro worst of crimes, its first approaches slave, the consoling doctrine of anshould be watched vith caution, and other and a better world ; “ where the question be seriously put to the wretched hear not the voice of himself by the angry man in a the oppressor,” and where the moment of reason and reflection, servant is free from his master :" Do'st thui ave!l to be angry? in this service both died. In the

L. Fulneck academy, amongst a peo

ple remarkable for their ardour in

religion, and their industry in the "SELECTED FOR THE EMERALD. pursuit of useful learning James

Montgomery. Teceived his educaBIOGRAPHICAL SKETCH OF MR. tion. He was intended for the min. MONTGOMERr.

istry, and his preceptors were every

way, competent to the task of pré[The poetry of James Montgomery has paling him for the important office,

been recently introduced to the pub- for which he was designed. His lie, and has created a desire to be studies were various: the French, ebnie Acquainted with the writer. German; Latin, and Greek lanFrom the following sketch it will be snages history, geography, and ksiind tliat like most other admirers inusit; but a desire to distinguisha of the Muse he has been familiar with himself as a poet, antongst his poverty and surrounded by thisford schoolfellowrs, 'soon interferred with tuheś. Witholiti ekperience of the his more beneficial pursuits. Whti itörld anitt with no other knowledge of only ten years old, tic began the its manners than through the medium unprofitable employment of writing of books, his introduction was em. verses, which was continued with barrassing sind bis progress unfa unabating arcour; till the period rourable, but his genius has shone when he quitted Fulneck, in 1787: through the clouds of misfortune and they were chiefly on religious sulpreserved his reputation although it jects. This early devotion to poe

try he lias ever regarded as the was unable to confer upon him wealth

source of many troubles.

It was E!'rs.]

fthis unpropitious attachment which, JAMES MONTGOMERY, the author at school, stood in the way of his of the Wanderer of Switzerland, &c. improvement; this, which finally and the subject of this short biogra- altered his destination in life, and phical sketch, ivas born in Scotland, scluced him to exchange an almost at Irvine, in Ayrshire, November 4, inonastic striusion from society, for 1771: his father was a Moravian the "Hurry and bustle of a world, which, hitherto, has but ill repaid tablishment more congenial to hi him for the sacrifice.

wishes. This he declined, frank) When removed from Fulneck, explaining the causes of bis lati the views of his friends were so far melancholy, but concealing the ani changed, that we find him placed by bitious motives which had secrets them in a retail shop at Mirfield, prompted him to withdraw fron near Wakefield. Here, though he their benevolent protection. Find was treated with great kindness, and ing him unwilling to yield, they sur: had only too little business, and too plied his immediate necessities, an. much leisure to attend to his fa- warmly recommended him to the vourite employment, he became ex- kindness of the master he had cho ceedingly disconsolate, and after re- sen. It was this master, with whom maining in his new situation about le remained only twelve monttis. one year and a half, he privately ab- that, many years afterwards, in the sconded, and with less than five most calamitous period of Montshillings in his pocket, and the wide gomery's life, sought him out a world before him, he began his ca- midst his niisfortunes, not for the reer in pursuit of fame and fortune. purpose of offering consolation only, His ignorance of mankind, the re- but of serving bim substantially bę sult of his retired and religious edu- every means in his power. The ir. cation ; the consequent simplicity terview which took place between of his manners, and his forlorn ap- the old man and his former servant, pearance, exposed him to the con- the evening previous to his trial ai tempt of some, and to the com- Doncaster, will ever live in the repassion of others, to whom he ap- membrance of him who can forget plied. The brillant bubble of pat- an injury, but not a kindness. No ronage, wealth and celebrity, which father could have erinced a greater floated before his imagination, soon affection for a darling son: the tears burst, and on the fifth day of his he shed were honourable to his feel. travels he found a situation, similar ings, and were the best testimony to to the one he had left, at the village the conduct and integrity of James of Wath near Rotherham. A re- Montgomery. sidence in London was the object From Wath he removed to Lon. of his ambition ; but wanting the don, having prepared his way by means to carry him thither, he re- sending a volume of his manuscrip: solved to remain in the country till poems to Mr. Harrison, then a book. he could procure them : according- seller in Paternoster-row. Mr. ly he wrote to his friends amongst Harrison, who was a man of correct the Moravian brethren, whom he taste and liberal disposition, receive had forsaken, requesting them to him into his house, and gave himn the recommend him to his new msster, greatest encouragement to cultivate conscious they had nothing to al- his talents, but none to publish his ledge against him, excepting the poems; seeing, as he observed, do imprudent step of separating him- probability that the author would acself from thein ; and not being un- quire either fame or fortune by ap der articles of apprenticeship'at Mir- pearing at that time before the pubfield, he besought them not to com- lic. The remark was just ; but it pel him to return. He received conveyed the most unexpected art from them the most generous pro- afflicting information to our youth:positions of forgiveness, and an es- ful poet, who yet knew little of the


world except from books, and who had permitted his imagination to be dazzled with the accounts which he r Pranslated for the Emerald from the had read of the splendid success,

French.) and munificent patronage, which poets had formerly experienced.

(The French delight in paradox. Ros. ·

seau maintained that ignorance was He was so disheartened by this cir- better than knowledge, and Boufflers cumstance; On occasion of a with equal skill has demonstrated misunderstanding with Mr. Harri- that Error is superior to truth. There son, he, at the end of eight months,

is a display of genius in this exercise quitted the metropolis and returned

which delights by its novelty and cor

rects by its satire...... Em. Éd'rs.] to Wath, where he was received with a hearty welcome by his for- You ask if usefulness can be demer employer. While in London, rived from error : can truth confer having been advised to turn his at-it ?.... The one lisps the accents of tention to prose, as more profitable gaiety, the other only the sounds of than verse, he composed an eastern sadness. Are we happy ; error ás.. story, which he took one evening sures us we shall remain so, butto a publisher in the east end of the truth proves to us that happiness town. Being directed through the must have an end; are we unhappy; shop, to the private room of the truth convinces us it is from our great man, he presented his mam- own folly, and our misery must script in form. The prudent book. continue ; error on the contrary seller read the title, marked the persuades us it is unjust and feetnumber of pages, counted the lines

ing. Of two mirrors, one reflectin a page, and made a calculation of ing you adorned by the graces, the the whole ; then turning to the auto other exhibiting you covered withy thor, who stood in astonishment at defects which will you choose ? this summary mode of deciding on

Truth which is constantly the the merit of a work of imagination, he very civilly returned the copy, who is continually changing. Er

same must be a stranger to man saying, “Sir, your manuscript is too ror on the contrary is infinitely versmall_it won't du for me---take it 10 K—, he publishes these kind satile, and accommodates herself

better to our variable nature. Obof things.” Montgomery retreated with so much confusion from the serve too, that she always has some.. presence of the bookseller, that, in thing in conformity to our wishes; passing through the shop, he dashed misled by our passions and all out

for our judgments are especially his unfortunate head against a patent lamp, broke the glass, spillederrots end in compliance with our

inclinations. The ambitious hope the oil, and making an awkward apology to the shopmen, who were what they desire ; the misèr enjoy's

what he denies himself; the lover tittering behind the counter, to the nö small mortification of the poor ceives himself as fancy dictates.

dreams he is beloved ; each deauthor, he rushed into the street,

Why should we not décéive our: equally unable to restrain his vexation or his laughter, and retired to selves? every thing conduces to it: his home; filled with chagrin and error is in, us and around us ; qur disappointment at this ludicrous and perceptions are false, our judguntoward misadventure.

ments are precipitate, and our ac- ' Po be concluded next

week. . quired knowledge the result of illu

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