Imagens das páginas

sion. Error is to reality what a choly, because we sliculd continuallandscape is to a map. In the map ly see death before us; it is error nothing has its apparent place ; in which conceals it, and extends the the landscape nothing its real place; duration of happiness by persuadbut one pleases, the other only in- ing us that time is still our own. structs us.

X. Error is still more useful than Cuvres du C. Stanislas Bouffiers, membre agreeable ; it is she who subjugates

de la ci-devant Académie Française. nations to the yoke by persuading them they are weaker than their masters ; she establishes peace and

For the Emerald. union in societies and families, by

SUMOROKOF. concealing from one that he is despised, from another that he is hated,

In No. 13, of our first volume we from another that he is deceived : gave the translation of a fable from all stations, all ages owe their felici- the Russian poet Sumorokof. The ty to her. But remark that the knowledge we possessed of him was less she is opposed the more agree- extremely small. He appears howable she will be found, and as a ever to be a poet of no little conproof, observe the pure joy of those sideration in the rising literature of who abandon themselves to her di- his country, and his works have been rection, and the sadness of philoso received with considerable approbaphy which combats' against her.-tion on the French stage. We Be convinced also by the sweetest could hardly expect that the cold seasons of life, infancy and youth ; and dreary climate of Russia would in one we know nothing, in the produce those elegant and delicate other we are imposed on by every trifles that could please the tender thing. Can we desire more here and fastidious taste of the French, below, than a zest to all good and who are educated in the school of an antidote to all evil ? we shall politeness and charmed only with owe it to error. With one hand life and volatility. That Sumorokof she enchants the rich who recline could accomplish this in spite of naon purple, with the other she con- tional prejudice is an honorable evi. soles the miserable who are stretch-dence of liis ability. ed on straw. She is man's pro

The following article adds to our tecting fairy '; happy or unhappy, information of the poet and the poeshe never abandons him · She try of his country. rocks the cradle at his birth, strews, flowers in his path during life, and Russians has been hitherto very slow

The progress of literature among the smiles upon him in his passage to and gradual. In power, in splendour, the tomb. There is nothing but in warlike achievements they perhaps error : the infant kisses a bauble equal.any other nation in Europe.-But with transport ; the youth esteems

it required all the commanding authori.. the courtezan who corrupts him ;

ty of Peter the Great, and the fostering , the father of a family caresses chil. Catherine, to raise them from the state

encouragement of the late Empress dren which are not his own; the of barbarism in which they had beenold man still talks of love ; the do- involved for so many centuries. All the tard sows his park and draws the literature of the early ages is absolutely plan of a new abode. Without er. tor and Nikon, and it was not till the

confined to the obscure annals of Nes. ror our whole life would be melan. beginning of the last century that The

phanes Procopovitz, Archbishop off of the Empress, who commanded the forogorod, first began to disseminate play to be performed before her, and en..

taste for the sciences, and to encour-couraged the author to persevere in his . ge them by his example and protec- pursuits. In the following years he ion. To him succeeded in History, successively produced the tragedies of Kilcop and Prince Scherebatof. But Hamlet, Aristona, the false Demetrius, f we except the travels of the celebra - Zemira, and others; besides the com. ed Pallas, the Historical Researches of edies of the Judge, the Tutor, the EnMuller, and some other works upon vious man, the Imposter, &c. &c. and. Natural History ; no literary production three Operas. vorthy of being noticed has distinguish. Sumorokof had no reason to complain, ed Russia during the reign of Catherine either of his country, or of the times in , II. Natural History and Mathematics which he lived. Elizabeth raised him, are the only sciences which the Rus to the rank of brigadier in the army, and sians have contributed in some degree appointed. him manager of the theatre, to advance and even those, however with a pension of 1800 roubles. Cather.. triling, have been by the help of Ger- ine II made him a counsellor of state, many yet no country is so fortunately invested him with the order of St. Anne, situated for rendering the sciences the conferred on him honours and wealth most essential services. Natural and an. till his death, which happened in 1777 cient history might expect from her the at Moscow, in 51st year of his age. most astonishing discoveries. The ru. Notwithstanding all these advantages ins of twenty cities attest that Tartary Sumorokof possessed too much of the and Mongrelia were once inhabited by genus irritabile Vatum,' to be happy. polished nations, and the monuments Blessed with talents the most uncom.. which are still discovering, would have mon, and endowed with superior ac. realised the sublime conceptions of Buf- complishments, he had all those eccenfon, and Bailli ;; whole libraries have tricities and defects which usually ac-: been discovered under the ruins of Alai- company genius. His character as an kitt, and amid the ruinous heaps which author, was that of sensibility borderskirt the Irtish. Thousands of manu. ing on peevishness, which would not. scripts in unknown languages, and many suffer him to submit to criticism, even others in the languages of the Chinese, where it was well founded ; and the Kalmucs, and the Mantschoux, are per excessive applause and Aattery of his ishing in the mouldy deserted cabincto countryman, working ina.

di-poilion of the Academy; had they remained un- naturally proud and vain, induced him der the ruins.tiil a government less bar. to form the most extravagant opinion: barous had brought them to light, they of himself, and of the particular line of would have been better preserved. literature in which he excelled.

Lomonosof distinguished himself in several departments of literature, and ranks high as a poet ; but of all the na. tive Russians likely to be known by oth

For the Emerald. er countries, the most extraordinary genius, was Sumorokof,, who may be DESULTORY SELECTIONS, called the Shakespeare of Russia, and the founder of its drama.

He was born at Moscow in 1727, but received his education at St. Petersburg where he obtained the protection of

The following curious account. Count Schovalof, the favourite of the Empress Elizabeth. An early admira- from the correspondence of Sir tion of tbe French drama, and particu. Robert Walpole with the Cardinale larly for the works of Racine, of whom de Fleury, gives a view behind the he always spoke with enthusiasm, led curtain in the administration of this him to devote his whole time to dramat: ic studies. His first tragedy of Kor: original mivister. ef,' was the only piece in Russia which “I am hard put to keep these folks was not a series of nonsense. The great from fighting, not that they are fully de.. success of Koref attracted the notice termined for war, but because I am in




clined to peace. Our English must al. y Approach most unhappy, thy dwelling ways skirmisli in the field of Mars, ot of clay !" on the benches of Westininster."-A- Alas, thou sole dwelling of all i hold gain,

dear, "I pay a subsidy to one half the pat. How little this meeting once augurd liament to keep it withiti pacific boutids;

my breast! brit as the King has not money enough, from a wanderer accept, oh myFathers, and as those to whom I have given none

this tear, declare themselves openly for war, it Receive him, the last of his race, to would be proper for Your Eminencé tờ

your rest. send me three millions tournois for lowering the voice of those who cry loud.

LOVE, A CHILD. est. Gold is here a metal that has a prodigious effect in cooling hot blooä My mother, dear good creature says and martial spirits, There is no im. That Love, with all his coaxing ways, pétuous warrior in the parliament, but a Is fierce as any ferret ; pension of two thousand pounds wduld But Lord, she'll never prove to me make him exceeding gentle. Besides, that such a little child as he, if England declares herself, you will be

Can lurt å girl of spirit. obliged to pay in subsidies to potrers I'm sure, the ev'ning before last, for making the balance, withơut reck. The choicest, sweetest whispers passi oning that the successes of war may Between--but that's no matter : uncertain ; whereas by sending me

I know, I thought Love very charming, money, you will purchase peace at the And not by any means alarming, first hand."

For all my mother's clafter. THÉ TONE OF MY FATHERS. Hotteter, just to ease my mind, Sué pued by misfortunes, and bowed (Though we keep my mother blind) down with pain, [cline :

I'll search for Love with Thorias; I sought on the boşom of peace to re.

Por even if hér fears are true, Thie’d to the Home of my Fathers again, An infant is no match for tro ; But the Home of my Father's no lon

He'd meet with something from us ger was mine,

GOOD COMPANY. Thomhthropoken gladness and ret come was gone ;

The language of the fashionabk The blaze that shone bright in the world like their manners is very dit

hall was no more. (stone, A stranger was there with a bosom of

ferent from general and accustomed And cold was his eyes as I entered forms. It was a good idea there. his door.

fore, in one of our dramatists to put 'Twas his, deaf to pity, to tenderness a dictionary in the hands of a prisdead,

[to spurn : ciple character for the pnrpose of The falling to crush, and the bumble explaining the paradoxies to which But I staid not his scorn-from his fashion in opposition to commo

mansion I fed,
And my beating heart vow'd never

sense someumes gives rise.
more to return.

The following definition migh: What Home shall receive' me ! One very well be added to his catalogue :

Home yet I know ;
O'er its gloomy recess, see the pine

“Any one on the list of Peerage branches wave!

any Member of Parliament; Of 'Tis the tomb of my Fathers ! The cers of the Guards ; Colonels of

world is my foë, And all my inheritance now is a grave. willing to lose, or has credit enough

every description ; any one who is 'Tis the tomb of my Fathers ! The grey to be admitted to win an estate ;

moistened walls, [eay : Declining to earth, speak aloud of de.

Dowagers with good jointures : The gate, off its hinge, and half open- epicures with good receipts ; pirip ing, calls,

of ready talents; any one who can


dress to the point of the mode, pro- TO A FRIEND ON HIS MARRIAGE. vided only that he exercise no visi

There is a tenderness and proble trade—that is to say, any one priety in the following lines which who has no other means of liveli- entities them to attention. They hood but his wits :_all, or any of combine nature with art, and the these, are men of fashion, and are smoothness of poetry with the sen. comprehended under the general timents of affection. term of good company."

On thee, blest youth ! a father's hand


The Maid thy earliest, fondest wishes The beau-monde, like the chance

knew : world of Descartes, is composed of a Each soft enchantment of the soul is certain number of circles; all who live


[due. in these circles are the native and le. Tbine be the joys to firm attachment gitimate offspring and children of fash. As on she moves, with hesitating grace, ion : each of these, therefore, are sume- She wins assurance from his soothing body ; but as by far the greatest part of

voice ; his Majesty's subjects are excluded | And, with a look the pencil could not from this distinguishing privilege, they

trace, are marked with the general name of Smiles through her blushes, and connobody.

firms the choice. I received, a few days ago, a letter Spare the fine tremors of her feeling

frame ! from a fashionable friend, in which was the following passage :-

To thee she turns-forgive a virgin's

fears! “ There is nothing, my dear, so dull To thee she turns with surest, tend'rest as this dullest of all towns : the streets,

claim; indeed, are crowded, but there is really Weakness that charms, reluctance nobody here. The playhouse was so that endears ! full, and so warm with the odious multi- At each response the sacred rite rc: tude, that I had much difficulty to sup- quires, port it; but though I threw my eyes From her full bosom bursts th' unbid. into every corner of the house, I saw

den sigh:

(spires ; nobody. The public mall is every day. A strange mysterious awe the scene incrowded ; but the company consists of And on her lips the trembling acnobody. I have inquired the charac

cents die.

(play! ter, quality, &c. of the stranger we O'er her fair face what wild emotions met at the Wells : I find she is very What lights and shades in sweet charitable, and much beloved in her confusion blend ! sphere, but that she is nobody ; I have Soon shall they fly, glad harbingers of therefore dropped the acquaintance."


(scend !

And settled sunshine on her soul deQUEEN MAUD, ·

Ah! soon, thine own confest, extatic

thought! The wife of Henry the first of Eng- That hand shall strew each flinty Jand, had these lines written on her, path with flow'rs; which at the same time, exhibit both And those blue eyes, with mildest lusa specimen of the poetry of that age

tre fraught,

Gild the calm current of domestic as well as of her singular virtues.

bours ! When prosperous, not overjoyed; when cross, not sad,

EPITAPH ON A MR. PECK, Things Bourishing made her fear; ad. Here lies a peck, which some men say verse, made glad ;

Was first of all a peck of clay ; Sober, tho' fair ; lowly, tho' in throne For sixty years Peck felt life's bubbles, placed ;

Till death reliev'd this peck of troubles ; Great, and yet humble ; beautiful, yet Thus fell poor Peck, as all things must, chaste.

And here he lies--a peck of dust.



GENERAL PAOLT. From a lady, whose personal charms The following remarks at the haul been much iinpaited by the small conclusion of a biographical notice pox, accusing her former admirer to of this celebrated chief give a corneglect.

rect and summary vicw of his chaSoon as the glow of health return'd, racter. My care-worn spirits to renew,

Few foreigners, however distinguishAgain my faithful bosom burn'd With fond attachment, Charle's, for you ed, have been so much caressed in Eng.

land, as the late General Pascal Paoli. To blighting sickness long a prey,

By living in habits of familiarity with A feeble victim Mary lay ;

men of letters,his name and exploits acYet ev'ry thought, and sigh would be quired fresh celebrity ; and Boswell

, Unprais'd to leav'n, in prayer for thee. Goldsmith, Jolmson, Macaulay, Bar

bauld, and Lord Littelton, although Then, when to meet my love I fly, differing in almost every thing else, Why droops thy head in silent woe ? most cordially united in his praise, A-ah! love ne'er taught thut mournful broad too, his reputation was greatly

respected ; and the eulogium of such Ah! joy ne'er bade those tears to flow. a inan as Rousseau, then in the zenith

of his reputation, was alone sufficient What sorrow can thy bosom bear, to ensure reputation throughout the That Mary will not gladly share. ?. rest of Europe. From painful doubt then set me free, While his laurels were still gféens, it Nor woundja lueart that doats not thee. was usual to compare Paoli to Timoleon,

and Epimanondas ; and it was appositeTRÉ NEFLYI

Hy remarked by an Englislı minister, That Mary to my soul was dear,

that the sånne thing might have been

said of him, as had been formerly ut. Each look, each word, each action

tered by the Cardinal de Retz, in re shew'd ; Nor did I doubt the Same sincere

spect to the famous Montrose, “ that

he was one of those men, who are ito With which my; ardent bo'som glow'd.

longer to be found any where, but in the Thy blooming cheek thy sparkling eyes,

Lives of Plutarch." Thy face of evry charm' combin'd, That the Corsican Clief, was a great First won-then taught me how to prize man, cannot well be denied ; but it is The equal beauties of thy mind. the opinion of thoste, who have enjoyed But, ah! the fatal storm wag nigli, opportunity of studying his characOn that sweet face its pow'r to wreak;

ter, that he was a politician rather than To chase the fire that tl'd thine


a soldier ; that he shone in council more The rose that blossom'd on thy cheek.

than in arms; and that the leading tea

ture of his public conduct, was The beauteous wreck with grief I view'd tain degree of Italian Policy, which That awed and chill'd why trembling taught him to refine and speculate on frame ;

every event. And as the spark of love renew'd, Among his countrymen he was a. A tear from Pity check'd the flame. dored ; and to support his superiority,

he made tise of those arts which have PRIDE.

usually passed under the name of pious Boileau never dined with any of dispensably necessary for the govern

frauds. These, perhaps, appeared inhis most intimate friends, without ment of barbarians : Accordingly, like being invited in particular; observ- Numa, he pretended to a difeet coming, on this caution, that a certain munication with the Deity, and also pride of mind was the characteris- affected on all occasions, after the man. tic of men of honour'; but that a

ner of the heroes of old, to be surround

by dogs, of a particular breed, which pride of air and manner was the were indeed necessary te préserve him mark of fools and blockheads. from assassination.


a cer.

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