Imagens das páginas

it impossible to appear within the qually valuable whether more or walls of the chapel at this season less be enlightened by the sun, but of the year—the mornings are so for those who do not love labor it is extremely short 'uis impossible to an admirable apology for idleness, be dressed in season.

and because the time is short in These short days are great dis- which much must be done, it is used turbers of public worship-they as an argument for omitting almost infringe upon the Sabbath more every thing. than on any day in the week-Sun

The fact is, any thing will satisday morning is in many people's fy an idle man that he need not exestimation the shortest in the year. ert himself—it is very easy to satisEither it is that the want of a bus- fy the mind, when it is resolved to tle of business on that day or the make no objections, and the wind necessary relaxation of a week's la- and the weather, the sun or the lide bor composes thcir minds and pre- are always at command to illustrate vents a knowledge how time passes, the necessity of any course that can or the morning is actually shorter be adopted. and the hour of church is really much sooner than the ordinary hours There is a general propensity, of common daily business. I nev- however to throw away the blame er heard however that the shortness which conscience or custom attachof the day destroyed a single party es to the conduct, from the agent of pleasure ; that it ever prevented himself to any cause that can plau. a dining party or a ball, although it :bly be made to sustain it. Buithe has been suggested that it once motive is one thing and the reasons drove the last acrost the boundary that are given to support it another. line of the week and sometimes To find the character of the mind, lengthened the other to day light you must look deeper than the acnext morning. The shortest day is tion or its assignable cause, and how, always found to have room enough ever, a man may deceire others or for pleasure and though the sun ri-himself with excuses framed from ses so late as to leave business in the course of nature and the progress the dark, the want of his rays are no of time, yet an accute observer will objection to schemes of amusement. find that ihe heart takes an interest But is it really the short days which before the mind is engaged, and prevent so much business, inter-sopbistry is brought out to palliate rupt so many avocations, and re- what is determined to be done It tard the completion of so many is not however honorable for a man economical designs? Is it a com- to shrink from the responsibility of plaint heard on the bustie of the his own actions and he who conExchange, where money depends ducts with the integrity of an upon exertion? Is it the cry of indus- right nind will have no necd of extry and the complaint of labor? Or trinsic assistance, or artificial aidrather the apology of idleness—the The weather and the time will of weak excuse for lazy and indolent necessity sometimes interfere with minds?

human calculations, but he must You will seldom hear it

be credulous indeed to carry to their

among those who are able and willing to account one half the mischief, and

accidents that are daily laid to their change time into gold, No—they

E. can make the twenty-four hours en charge.





For the Emerald.

interesting occurrence solely to the

dictates of her heart. ORIGINAL TRANSLATION.

Appollonius, king of Tyre, was Hvoluimus, magna sæpe intelligimus ex unable to resist the desire of seeing parvis.

a woman of whom so many amiable

traits of character had come to his From the French of M. Fluetry.

knowledge, and deterínined on a

voyage to Cyrene for the purpose. Fortitude under the evils of AppoNonius was young--tall, and life is absolutely necessary for our elegantly formed-gay, easy and happiness. That restlessness on viracious in his manners-brave, the contrary, which is marked by generous, and in a word, possessed peevislıness and murmuring, is an of all those vittues which entitle one attempt to elevate our own judg. man to the respect and honour of ment against that of the divinity, of others. Archestrate, in spite of her whose profound decrees we are ig- natural indifference, couid not but norant ; to reverse the order of na- behold him with pleasure, and delure for our own pleasure, and pre- lighted in conversing of him with vent the occurrence of those appar- the women of her train. This was ent calamities, which are oftentimes the first effect which love had ever productive of essential good. A been able to produce on her. Apwise man is not perplexed with this pollonius was impressed with simiuntimely capriciousness—He knows iar feelings-He found every thing the dangers to which all men are which he had heard, and tho't to be exposed; he attempts every reason exaggeration, but a weak outline of able manner of avoiding them, and those charms which were every day having exhausted the resources of before his eyes. It is easy to enhis own prudence, patiently awaits crease the allurements ofan ordinary the operations of time. The fol- beauty ; but those which nature has lowing little story is intended to il. taken pleasure in forming, cannot lustrate these sentiments, and to be traced but by a pencil the most show that virtue and constancy often delicate and true. triumph over the rigors of fortune.

Appollonius soon discovered to Thcecles, king of Cyrene, had a Archestrate the feelings of his daughter named Archestrate-his bosom, and she, all nature and vir. only child. She united in a person tue, was ignorant of the arts of cothe most elegant and beautiful, the quetry, now so well understood, noblest qualities of the heart and the which leads a lover by slow degrees mind, and had arrived at an age to the happiness he aspires to. when these advantages call forth With the consent of Theocles, the tribute of love. The report of who had no other wish than the her charms drew to the court of her happiness of his daughter, the marfather a crowd of princes, wlio riage was soon celebrated with all strove for the honour of her smile. that pomp which should be expectBut the princess, devoted entirely ed from two kings wlio prider themto the exercises of Diana, had no selves on their magnificence and heart for any thing that was not con- grandeur. nected viib her service. Theocles Theocles could not consent to be tenderly loved his daughter, and de- separated from bis only child, and teunined to use no authority in con- engaged them to stay for some time straining her marriage, leaving this at the court of Cyrene. Archestrate shortly gave promise of adding to becoming a mother, yef the violent the felicity of her husband and agitation of the vessel brought on father, by the birth of a child.- those pains which rendered it cerThis was a new source of joy ; fetes tain that nature would be delivered the most splendid were recommenc-of the burtheo which she carried. ed, and the people had another op- In fine, during the horrors of the portunity of expressing their at-tempest she gave birth to a daughter. tachment to the family and person Appollonius received the charge and of their affectionate monarchs. But trembled to view the dangers to the presence of the prince of Tyre which this innocent creature was exbecame absolutely necessary in his posed at the moment of its birth.own dominions, and obliged them The violence of the storm continued to quit Cyrene. The king equip- to increase, and drove the ship on a ped a vessel, in which he put every rock, where she remained. Ar accommodation that


new chestrate reduced to the most dequeen could desire ; and the happy plorable situation, collected the litcouple, still regarding each other tle strengh that remamed, in order as lovers, embarked, after taking to be placedon a part of the railing; the most tender adieu of Theocles. but in the act of doing it was wash

The first days of their voyage ed into the sea. Appollonius was were extremely fine, and they had unwilling to survive the loss of his completed nearly one half the beloved he would have thrown passage, when the signs of an ap- himself into the sea to have saved proaching tempest were discovered. his Archestrate or perished with The sky was obscured with black her, but despair fixed him to the clouds the sea foamed-the mon- spot on which he stood.-Ah-the sters of the deep were floating moment of returning reason inon its surface. Presently the im- formed him he was a father-be petuous winds broke out and drove held his young daughter in his arms, the agitated waters in tremendous the little unfortunate stretched out waves—the lightning succeededwith her hands and seemed to implore his astonishing rapidity-the airappear- protection-he could not resolve to ed in flames--the thunder roared injure a deposit so precious—no re. in continued peals the winds re- source was left to him but to invoko doubled their efforts, and rendered the protection of the Gods for his every maneuvre of the mariners in dear Archestrate, who semed to pervain-till the vessel, without any ish before his eyes. thing but its scattered ropes and masts was thrown about at the sport of the elements, now raised as it

SKETCH of the HISTORY OF LITERAwould appear to the heavens and then

TURE in Europe from the Age of av. plunged in the most frightful abyss.

Gustus to that of LOUIS Xiv. By N. The timid Archestrate, almost terrified to death, believed herself ar- ( Concluded from p. 41.) rived at her last moments-her ten

It was at the same period that Eng. der husband held her in his arms, land had her Shakespeare, who, with endeavouring to animate and support the beauties and faults of the two her during the tremendous scene, Spanish writers, and without carrying when a new accident increased their the art farther than they did, bore

the prize by the charms of a natural distress. Although Archestrate

talent, sometimes elevated to the sub. had but seven months anticipated 'lime of imagination, to the eloquence


of vehement passions, and the energy century, which was, in fact, that of of tragic characters. By these pre- | France. The French language began cious morsels; so much the more at. to be purified, assuming inore exact tractive as they are with him the more forms, and a more dignified tone. It rare and more uniformly mingled with acquired harmony in the verse of Mal. baser matter, Shakespeare rosc above herbe and the prose of Balzac. Taste his age, in which true tragedy was eve had, however, many obstacles to surry where unknown ; but since genius mount. Our prāgress was retarded by of the first order, under Louis XIV. the same spirit of imitation which is and in our days, bas in France borne necessary in the moment when the arts tragedy to her greatest height, it bc- revive, but which has its disadvantages longs only to national prejudice amongst as well as its use. If the first models the English, or with us to a paradoxical to which we attach ourselves are not inania, to compare the masters of the pure, they are dangerous, because it is greatest of arts among a polished peo- more easy to imitate their faults than ple with a writer who, in the midst of their beauties. When the Romans dethe barbarism of his country and his manded of the Greeks lessons in poesy writings sher! forth some rays of genius. and eloquence, the taste of the master's

Portugal may boast of having given was too perfect to corrupt the disciple. to this period one poet more. Camoens But Italy and Spain, which gave the had, indeed, little invention ; but in tone to all Europe when letters began more than one place he displayed the to revive in France, had great faults, elevation of Homer, and in the episode and unfortunately very seclucing: in of Ines the touching expression of Vir their literature. The bombast of the gil. His poem,--greatly below his Spaniards, and the affectation of the subject, which was grand, -defective Italians, therefore necessarily prevailed in the plan, which is early historical, in France before she learnt to study -recommends itself chiefly by that true taste in the writings of the anspecies of beauty which contributes cients. Books, sports, spectacles, most to give immortality to the works dress, every thing in France was Italof poesy, by the beauty of its style. ian or Spanish. Their authors were in

In Germany Tycho Brahe and Kep- every one's hand, and made part of our Ier,--onc, notwithstanding his errors, education. Our poets formed themregarded as the benefactor of the sci. selves upon theirs. Gallant poetry ences,-the other named the legislator cloathed itself with those turns of Ital. of astronomy and the worthy precursor ian wit called concetti. Dramatic poct. of Newton,-indemnified their country ry had the same ambition ; and our for her defects in the finer arts.

most esteemed authors then made Mel. England, destined soon to become pomene speak in puns and epigrams. the mistress of the world in abstruse The Marianne of Tristan, and the So. sciences and sound metaphysics, might, phonisba of Mairet, are infected with at that time oppose to all the great men this ridiculous style ; and these were I have named, the Lord Chancellor Ba- the wonders of our theatre when Cor. con, one of those hardy and independ. neille produced the Cid and Cinna. ent tempers who owe cvery thing to a Comedy, equally built on the Italian deep examination of their own unbias. and Spanish model, was a species of sed thoughts, and to the liabit of con- romance in dialogue, a series of inci. sidering every things as if no one before dents destitute at once of probability had treated of it. He fulfilled the whole and decorum, what at present is named promise of the title which he dared, imbroglio, that is to say, disguises of from the secret testimony of his own sex, forced mistakes, tricks of valets, genius, to give to that immortal work in a word, all thosc gross devices which (Novum Scientiarum Organum,) which had fallen into lisrepute amongst us tauglit philosophy to take no further ever since Moliere had taught true steps but on the sure ground of experi- comedy, consisting of plot, manners, ence ; and it is in pursuing this inesti- and characters, but which in our days mable lesson that the science of physics have again appeared and triumphed in is become what alone it ought to be, our theatres because the multitude the science of facts.

must have novelty, and nothing appears We advance towards the serenteenth to them more new than that which has

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not been seen for an hundred years. ancients, they taught us to become the

A passion for buffoonery gave birth same. To say all in one word, it was to a species of burlesque, which had from their school that proceeded Pascal also its reign, of which Scarron was the and Racine ; Pascal, who gare us the hero. But to unite the two extremes first work in which the language ap. of bad taste, there prevailed at the peared fixed and polished, and in which same time another kind of affectation, all modes of eloquence were included : the style called preciceux, which is the Racine, the eternal model of French abuse of delicacy, as the burlesque is of poetry. gaiety. A society which is no longer These names characterize the epoch spoken of but to ridicule it, but which which we still name the Age of Louis by its rank had immense influence, the XIV, society at the famous hotel of Ram. bouillet, contributed to preserve that obscure and affected language which was taken for exquisite politeness, and was no more than the pedantry of wit

THE ORDEAL......No. 15. replacing the pedantry of erudition. If we recollect that it was Richelieu, Con-Remarks on the performance of Hamlet. dé, Montausier, and other eminent per

Continued. sons, who frequented this celebrated house, where love and poetry were sub. Hamlet, in order to give the greatmitted to the most sophisticated anal. er likelihood to his madness, evinces it ysis, we shall readily conceive that these first to Ophelia. As to her his passion characters, so great in their respective was most sincere and unabated, and a classes, could not be very good masters change to rudeness in regard to her in matters of taste. As to the men of would be the more remarkable.

Beletters who assembled there, they were sides, his disorder would thus be most Chapelain, who, not having yct publish easily accounted for, and indeed, Poloed his Pucelle, passed for the greatest nious suspects at once he is mad for the of poets ; Menage, who did not want love of Ophelia. But rudeness alone is information and taste, since he was the not sufficient to establish the belief of first to do justice to the satire of Mo- the change, and Hamlet puts on all the liere, when that comic writer produced exterior marks, which distracted people bis Precieuses ridicules; and Voiture, of generally betray, and which his feigning all the wits the most fashionable ; who, rendered the more necessary. welcome at the Court, where he held

My Lord, as I was sewing in my closet, honourable offices, -a man of the world Lord Hamlet, with his doublet all unbracid, and a man of letters, enjoyed one of No hat upon his head, his stockings foulé those imposing reputations which it is Ungarter'd," &c. dangerous to attack, and before whom

This description given by Ophelia, is Boileau himself, then indeed young, exactly what the appearance of Hamlet prostrated himself, as did all France.

should be. But Mr. Cooper entered alThe hotel of Rainbouillet had its nse. | most without any alteration in his ap. It sanctioned the fashion of employing pearance. The mad scenes in this play the mind on every thing, and it is by have often been considered the most dif. that we must begin. We learn after ficult of execution ; they demand so to employ on each object only the sort much discrimination, so many changes of talent that is suited to it, and by that froin merriment to sorrow, from vehe. it is we ought to finish :-it is the mence to listlessness, as require all the abridgment and perfection of taste.

faculties of the actor to be exerted. Our The true school of taste was opened particular is his want of variety.. But

chief objection to Mr. Cooper in this at Port-Royal ; and if the spirit of party in the play-scene he was very eminent. seduced the great men belonging to We have seldom heard a passage utthat society into unhappy quarrels which tend with more effect than the following, disturbed their age, we here only consider them as the benefactors of letters, “Let the gall’d jade wince, our withers and we must render homage to the

are unwrung." monuments they have left us. Heirs The irresolution of Hamlet is distinand disciples of the literature of the guished throughout the play. First be

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