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Medicines which act on the secretion of urine are called diuretics. They are either employed when the kidneys are sluggish, to restore the proper quantity; or to increase it beyond the natural standard, when it is desired to lower the system.
Diuretic bolus :
40.— Nitre, 5 to 8 grains.
Ginger, 2 or 3 grains.
size of the dog.
Diuretic and alterative bolus :
41.-Iodide of potassium, 2 to 4 grains.
Nitre, 3 to 6 grains.
Extract of camomile, 5 grains.
These external applications, otherwise called liniments, are extremely useful in the dog, for strains, or sometimes to relieve muscular inflammation, or chronic rheumatism of the joints. Mustard, ammonia, laudanum, and turpentine, are the chief agents employed.
Mustard embrocation :
42.-Best mustard, 3 to 5 ounces.
Liquor of ammonia, 1 ounce.
Spirit of turpentine, 1 ounce.
Embrocation for strains or rheumatism :
43.-Spirit of turpentine,
Liquor of ammonia,
Laudanum, of each } ounce.
Emetics are very commonly used in the diseases of the dog, and sometimes act very beneficially ; but they have a tendency to weaken the stomach, and should therefore be used with caution. If not frequently resorted to no harm is likely to accrue, as vomiting is almost a natural process in the dog.
Common salt emetic: 44.- Dissolve a teaspoonful of salt and half a teaspoonful of mustard
in half a pint of tepid water, and give it as a drench.
45.–Tartar emetic, 1 to 3 grains. Dissolve in a tablespoonful of warm water, and give as a drench ; fol
lowing it up in a quarter of an hour, by pouring down as much thin gruel as the dog can be made to swallow.
EXPECTORANTS, OR COUGH MEDICINES.
The action of these remedies is to promote the flow of mucus, so as to relieve the congestion of the air passages.
Common cough bolus :
46.— Ipecacuanha in powder, 1 to 12 grain.
Powdered rhubarb, 1 to 2 grains.
Compound squill pill, 1 to 2 grains.
Expectorant draught, useful in recent cough:
47.-Ipecacuanha wine, 5 to 10 drops.
Common mucilage, 2 drachms.
Camphor mixture, i ounce.
Expectorant draught for chronic cough:
48.-Friar's balsam, 8 to 12 drops.
Syrup of poppies, 1 drachm.
Campbor mixture, i ounce.
These medicines reduce fever by increasing the secretions of urine and perspiration, and by reducing the action of the heart to some extent.
Common fever powder :
49.-Nitre in powder, 3 to 5 grains.
Tartar emetic, à grain.
More active powder :
50.— Calomel, i to 13 grain.
Nitre, 3 to 5 grains.
Digitalis, i to 1 grain.
a pill with confection.
Fever mixture :
51.- Nitre, 1 drachm.
Sweet spirit of nitre, 3 drachms.
Camphor mixture, 6 ounces.
Are extremely useful in the dog, who is very liable to constipation from want of exercise, and in that case is mechanically bound. A pint of warm water, in which some yellow soap has been dissolved, will generally have the desired effect.
Turpentine clyster in colic:
52.-Spirit of turpentine, į ounce.
Castor oil, 1 ounce.
Gruel, 1 pint.
Otherwise called Washes, are intended either to reduce the temperature in inflammation of the surface to which they are applied, or to brace the vessels of the part.
Cooling lotion for bruises :
53.—Extract of lead, 1 drachm.
Tincture of arnica, i to 1 drachm.
Water, à pint.